TRlE MICITGAN- DAILY
'. tx t CYi ly
Bomber-Scholarship Plan's Purpose,
Procedure, Progress Are Clarified
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NIGHT EDITOR: CHARLES THATCHER
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
India's Refusal Is
Severe Allied Loss. . .
RANKING IN IMPORTANCE with the
defeats in France, Singapore, Java
and the Philippines is the Allied setback in India.
The United Nations have lost the effective and
willing cooperation of a nation of 390,000,000
people that controls resources and a potential
industrial strength which would be invaluable i
any Allied offensive.
Indecision over the division of control of India's
defense between the British and an Indian au-
thority is blamed for the breakdown in negotia-
tions. The All-India Congress Committee, how-
ever, goes further and claims that the British
proposals were of such a nature that "real free-
dom might become an illusion."
ADMITTEDLY, the forces of democracy were
once again too late. Several years ago Nehru,
the Indian nationalist leader, warned that any
war-necessitated British offer of dominion status
would not, be accepted. Had democracy been
realized earlier in India the present crisis might
have been avoided.
But part of the responsibility for the failure of
Sir Stafford Cripps' mission rests with the In-
dians themselves. They were offered what they
had long demanded-a guarantee of independ-
ence in the form of dominion status in the Brit-
ish commonwealth of nations. That this promise
came in the face of the rising threat of the
Japanese hordes was immaterial. It was, never-
theless, the long-awaited recognition of India's
rights to self-government.
Certainly India must realize the full conse-
quences of a. Japanese conquest. With the Brit-
ish naval defeats in the Bay of Bengal the
menace of that conquest becomes astonishingly
more real. The only thing that stands in its
way are the British armies in India and the will
to resist of the native Indians themselves. Na-
tionalist leaders have repeatedly called upon the
people for a total resistance to any Japanese
attack. Some of them have mistakenly implied
that a policy of passive resistance will be enough
to assure the failure of such an attack. Here
lies their tragic error. Only a tremendous Allied
effort supported wholeheartedly by every seg-
ment of India's population will repel the Nippon-
ese invasion attempt if it comes.
COMPROMISE ALONE could have assured the
success of the recent negotiations in New
Delhi. In the words of Sir stafford Cripps him-
self: "Compromise there must be, if a strong and
free India is to come into being." Great Britain's
intent to compromise was limited only to the
extent of her wish to retain direction of actual
military operations under her own officers and
to obtain priorities on supplies and arms for the
Imperial army. India sought priorities for the
native militia, and an Indian defense minister.
The British conceded the defense minister but
insisted on retenton of major powers by Gen-
eral Wavell. The final break came over this
issue and the priorities for supplies. The case of
Great Britain is clear. Control of military meas-
ures by a copetent commander was an as-
lute necessity. India should have been agreeable
to receiving moderate control through a defense
minister who handled enlistments and civilian
To the Editor:
T0 ANSWER numerous inquiries regarding the
success of the Bomber-Scholarship Plan and
for the purpose of clarifying various issues con-
cerning its purpose, procedure and progress, I
herewith present the record of the campaign
since its formal inauguration March 12, 1942
Purpose:The purpose of the Bomber-Scholar-
ship Plan is to provide a means whereby students
who remain on campus can sacrifice as do those
who are leaving for the war. It is to mobilize the
social activities of both individuals and organiza-
tions as a source of contributions to a scholar-
ship fund to be used after the war for the "edu-
cational rehabilitation" of the dozens and per-
haps hundreds of undergraduate students in
every school and college of the University Whq
enter the armed services of the United States
The tremendous need for such a scholarship
fund is perfectly obvious. The peculiarity of the
situation enables us to use the contributions for
two purposes. We can buy a bomber with them
now by buying defense bonds. We can turn the
bonds in after the war and provide scholarships.
The plan, therefore, calls for the purchase of
$100,000 worth of defense bonds-the goal of
this campaign, and the cost of a lightweight
army bomber-and the conversion of these bonds
into scholarships after the war.
Procedure: Copies of the plan (each six mim-
eographed pages) were sent to 196 student or-
ganizgtions. Each organization was asked to
consider the plan at its next meeting, record its
action on a postcard to be sent to tl Dean of
Students, Rm. 2, University Hall. The Dean was
also made official recipient of all contributions,
Those who consent to support the plan are to
contribute on a voluntary basis whatever amount
they think is equitable and just.
Progress: Reaction to the plan has been all
the way from ultra-enthusiastic support to re-
jection. Immediately following the adoption of
the plan, the J-Hop committee voted to con-
tribute 75% of the profits from the J-Hop to
the fund. This amounted to approximately
$1,950. The Soph Prom committee gave all of
its, profits-$85. The Michigan Union con-
tributed $1,000. To date forty-four other or-
ganizations have registered their support with
the Dean of Students. Each either contributed
or made it a policy to do so. Total contributions
amount to $3,450.
These organizations and individuals are to be
commended for their decisions-for their realiza-
tion that they too have a part to play in this war.
The Student War Board has approved the
Bomber-Scholarship Plan as a war project for
each organization that registers its support with
the Dean of Students. Perhaps I am impatient,
but where are the answers from the other 152
organizations? Why hasn't the plan received
unqualified and unanimous support? Doubtless,
some of these organizations have voted to sup-
XG, ~ad . -9
Rrbert5 Allen "
(Editor's Note: The following is another
article in the series on the crucial U. S.
WASHINGTON-One of the chief criticisms
insiders make against the Maritime Com-
mission is its resistance to independent initiative
and ideas. The Truman Committee has a big
stack of complaints from enterprising business
men eager to risk their own money to build
ships but unable to get a break from the Com-
A graphic illustration of the hide-bound atti-
tude permeating the Commission is the case of
the West Stanislaus County, Calif., bean growers.,
Military and civilian war chiefs consider it
vital that every one on the home front be made
to feel that lie is playing a direct and personal
part in the war effort. Every war agency spends
much time and effort devising ways of stimulat-
ing this spirit of patriotic participation.
Without any spurring from Washington, the
patriotic bean growers of West Stanislaus County
figured out a plan to make a personal contribu-
tion to the War production program. So they
wrote a letter to the Maritime Commission
"You need scrap steel for ships and we farmers
need an outlet for an overwhelming desire to
help our country. We don't want to sell our
scrap to junk dealers. We don't want anyone to
make any money on it. We want to give it to tIC
government, We are realy to make a country-
wide drive to collect every available pound of
scrap. We can promise to collect enough scrap
to build a ship and we will deliver it to a mill
and the mill can mail a check--earmarked as a
contribution for more ships-to the U. S.
"We're cooperating in the 'Food for Victory
Program,' we're organized on Civilian Defense,
but what we really want to do is to get in on
The response to this stirrinlg patriotic otfer
was a polite bucket of cold water.
In a letter to the farmers, hear Admiral How-
ard L. Vickery, vice chairman of the Maritime
Commission, gave a number of picayune reasons
why the scrap offer could not be accepted. There
wasn't one of these minor objections that
port the plan but have neglected to notify the
dean. For the others, I have no rationalizations
to offer. It is only logical to conclude that
apathy has not yet been defeated in these cases.
SOME STUDENTS are reluctant to accept re-
sponsibility-to sacrifice for things they have
never gone without. Some will never compre-
hend what democracy means until it is torn
from their daily lives. With many it is just a
matter of time to gain an understanding. Others
don't know how to sacrifice (An excellent way is
to show your appreciation to students in the
trenches by staying home from the movie to-
night and giving the 40c to the Bomber-Scholar-
ship Fund so they can pay their lab fees in 1945
or whenever they come back.) Some object on
the grounds that they or members of their or-
gaiizations won't get' the scholarships. All this
is indicative of the hangover from peacetime
rugged individualism that has contaminated the
American conscience and shattered the reality of
a common fight for a common ideal.
Even today as we slovenly walk from one bor-
ing class to another, our friends and defenders
are marching to the beat of drums toward the
"rising sun"-thinking of their mission, not of
their return. Some of them will not come back.
STo the spirit in which they will have fought and
died, we owe and want to give our humble devo-
tion. But to those who return we owe tangible
things. All of us who have bad eyes-too bad
to see the Japs but OK for the movies-poor
teeth, flat feet, or some other minor defect that
keeps us from the army but not from the dances;
all of us who write our thankful parents that the
draft board has given us another deferment be-
cause we happen to be in the type of work that
war encourages rather than interrupts; all of
us who are exempt from the conscription act
because of age or sex, WE NEED TO GIVE.
DEMOBILIZATION DAY will be a day of reck-
oning for those of us who refuse to awaken
to the need of sacrifice. How will we feel when
we meet them coming back? Some of them will
not be able to stand erect Some will be in
wheelchairs, on crutches, crippled, blind, shell-
shocked, hysterical wrecks of human bondage.
How will we feel when they tell us the bombers
didn't come, the ammunition failed to arrive,
they were trapped without provisions? How are
we going to feel when they ask us what WE have
If we have done our part, we will feel like
Americans. If we haven't, we will do our sacri-
ficing then in the form of torture from our own
We need to give until we feel some smallj
measure of that sacrifice that is tearing flesh
from bones over there. Those of us who only
stand and wait are not serving.
- Art Rude, '42
The Reply Churlish
"1HEY CALL IT the Hopwood fever. In the old
days you did not meet up with it in quite so
violent a form. People went home for spring
vacation with their typewriters, and had it, and
when they came back all the people they knew
who did not write thought they must have had
a hell of a time because they looked so tired.
But this year, if nothing else has been accom-
plished worthy of note in the field of belles
lettres, the brutal fact of writing has been
brought home with a bang to Ann Arbor. For
this year, the writers stayed in town. In addi-
tion to the usual bull market on Swan Linen,
the typists' Saturnalia. there was the strongly
felt presence of the artist at work. People have
observed, thank the good Lord, and that should
excuse me from a bit of work which comes hard
today. In short I am too punch diunk right
now to hit a typewriter any longer, and I turn
over a paragraph apiece to several of my more
charitable colleagues. Mr. Emile Geld will speak
T 1S ALI OVER. NOW, andth cre is really little
more to say except possibly about the judges.
In the little red pamphlet there is a list of te
past temporary and pesent permanent board
of judges; and they are just the sort of men I
would have selected myself. All have sound
scholastic backgrounds; all are known for their
literary taste; and all have that tolerance for
the neophyte that is so necessary in the Hop-
woods. Win or lose, I'm all for the judges-now.
:^1M THUMB SPEAKS: (quote) In 1926 I
entered the University of Michigan specific-
ally for the purpose of entering some of my
prized manuscripts in the contests. Since my
freshman year when I flunked ,English I and
Geology II, I have not been eligible. A D or an
E scattered here and there has always kept my
novel, "They Also Serve Who Only," a tale of
conflicting emotions on a tropical island, out,
of the running. This year I am the one who is
NOT entering the Hopwoods. Any compensation
awards will be welcomed. Contact my publishers,
"Tom Thumb Spicy Publishing Co., 820 East
Kingsley, City. Unquote.
*~ * *
j WAS THERE WHEN IT IIAPPENElD for
weeks i have been living in a small, dimly-
lit room with a balding, frustrated genius who
created by night create create create don't
breatAic near me i am creating how can i create
when you just stand there brushing your stupid
yellowish teeth wine, wine, ol light the incense
knave the mood is coming.
TIHE ABOVE anonymous contribution was
TUESDAY, APRIL 14, 1942
VOL. LII. No. 144
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University.
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home toastudents
Wednesday afternoon, April 15, from
4 to 6 o'clock.
To Students Graduating at Com-
mencement, May 30, 1942: The bur-
den of mailing diplomas to members
of the graduating class who do not
personally call for their diplomas
has grown until in 1940 it cost the
University over $400 to perform this
service. The rule has been laid down,
as a result, that diplomas not called
for at the Sports Building immediate-
ly after the Commencement Exercis-
es or at the University Business Of-
fice within three business days after
Commencement will be mailed C.O.D.
The mailing cost will be approximate-
ly 30c for the larger sized rolled
diplomas and 45c for the book form.
Will each graduate, therefore, be
certain that the Diploma Clerk has
his correct mailing address to insure
delivery by mail. The U. S. Mail
Service will, of course, return all
diplomas which cannot -be delivered.
Because of adverse conditions abroad,
foreign students should leave ad-
dresses in the United States, if pos-
sible, to which diplomas may be'
It is preferred that ALL diplomas
be personally called for.
Herbert G. Watkins,
Notice to Property Owners: If you
have purchased improved property'
on a land contract and owe a bal-
ance in the proximity of 60 per cent
of the value of the property, the
Investment Office; 100 South Wing
of University hall would be glad to
discuss the possibilities of refinan-
cing your contract through the medi-
um of a mortgage. There are advan-
tages to be had in this manner of
Detroit Armenian Women's Club
Scholarship: The Detroit Armenian
Women's Club offers a scholarship
for $100 for the year 1942-43 for
which young men and women of
Armenian parentage, living in the
Detroit metropolitan district who
demonstrate scholastic ability and
possess good character and who have
had at least one year of college work,
are eligible. Further information
may be obtained from me.
Dr. Frank E Robbins,
1021 Angel hall
Men's Residence [falls: Reappli-
cation blanks for the Men's Resi-
dence Halls are now available in the
Office of the Dean of Students. Re-
application for the Summer Term or
the Fall and Spring Terms will be
due on or before May 1.
Sniors: The University sends out
interesting and instructive informa-
tion several times each year to all of
the alumni. In order that you may
receive these, please keep your cor-
rect address at all times on file in the
Alumni Catalog Office.
If you are entering the U.S. Army
or Navy Service, please advise the
Catalog Office of such fact, giving a
permanent address for the duration.
Your co-operation in this will be
Lunette Iadley, l)irector'
Admission to School of Business
Administration: Applications -for ad-
mission to this School for the Sum-
mer Term must be filed not later
than May t by candidates for the
B..A. degree. Applica ions for ad-
mission 1 ider 'olimbini(' cirriculun
must be filed not later than Aprill
20, in (le it (ollege ofl hi itera ture, Sci-
ence, and the Arts. Application
blanks and information regarding the
B.B.A. program available in Room
108 Tappan Hall.
'o Students Whose Fathers are
Rotarians: Each year the Ann Arbor
Rotary Club gives a luncheon to the
students whose fathers are members
of Rotary International. The 1942
meeting will be held at the Michi-
gan Union on Wednesday, April 29,
at twelve noon. To make certain
[that all sons and daughters of Ro-
tarialcs receive invitations, we ask
(1 1't very such sliitdeut now enrolled
in l] wUniversity h'ave his 0r, her
name, and Ann Arbor address, with
Miss Veilma 1ouckes, Room 4, Uni-
versity Hall, as soon as possible.
Ann Arbor Rotary Club,
Samuel T. Dana, President
Important Federal Civil Service
Examinations: Junior Professional
Assistant, $2,000. Closing date April
27- -open to all college seniors gradu-
ated by July 1, 1942, and to all col-
le(e graduates. Eligibles are partic-
ularly desired in Public Administra-
tion, Business 'Analysis, Economics
HilmoEconomics, Library Science
aind Maill lhirtics through caltlusa
This is the examination which Dr.
O'Rourke of the Civil Service Com-
mission mentioned when he was on
the campus recently.
GRIN AND BEAR IT
- I ~ .71
ance, in Washington only. Closing
date May 13.
Notices giving complete require-
ments are on file at the University
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
Hall; office hours 9-12 and 2-4.
Some of these files may be closed
sooner than the date given if an
excessive number of applications is
received; therefore promptness in fil-
ing will be an advantage.
Uiversity Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet tonight at 7:30 in Room 319
West Medical Building. Topic \will
be "Recent Studies of the Chemistry
of Lipids-Bacterial and Tissue
Concert: The 29th Annual Spring
Concert of the University of Michi-
gan Concert Band will be given
tonight at 8:30 in Hill Audi-
torium. William D. Revelli, Con-
ductor, has arranged a program
to include compositions by Cheru-
bini, Dukas, Padilla, Enesco, Gould,
Schuman, Harris and Sousa. Jo-
hana Harris, wife of the composer-
conductor, Roy Harris, will appear as
The concert will be open to the
The Regular Tuesday Evening Re-
corded Program in the Men's Lounge
of the Rackham Building is cancelled
this week because of the University
Band Concert in Hill Auditorium.
Exhibition: Museum of Art and
Archaeology, The Maud Ledyard von
Ketteler Collection of the University
of Michigan, Rackham Galleries,
April 9-22, Hours 2-5 and 7-10 p.m.,
European and Far Eastern Art Ob-
University Lectures on War Prob-
lems: Dr. Haven Emerson, formerly
Professor of Epidemiology, School
of Medicine, Columbia University,
and ,t trustee of the W. K. Kellogg
Foundation, will lecture on the sub-
iect, "Public Health in Wartime,"
uinder the auspices of the University
War Board tonight at 8:00 in the
Rackham Lecture Hall. The public
is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Dr. Luis Alber-
to Sanchez, Professor of American
and Peruvian Literature in the Uni-
versity of San Marcos, Lima, Peru,
will lecture on the subject, "La Tra-
dicion y la Raza en la Literature His-
; pano-Americana," under the auspices
of the Department of Romance Lan-
guages, at 4:15 p.m. on Friday, April
17, in the Rackham Amphitheater.
The public is cordially invited.
Biochemical Lecture: Dr. C. F
lluffman, Research Professor o
Dairy Husbandry at Michigan State
College, will discuss "The Role o1
Magnesium in Nutrition," at 11:00
a.m., Saturday, April 18, in the Eas
Lecture Room of the Rackham
Building. All interested are invited.
Civilian Protection Lecture Course
I Col. Owen J. Cleary, State Chief Ai
Raid Warden, will deliver the second
- lecture in the course, "Mutual Re
* sponsibilities of Air Raid Warden
- and Citizens," in Hill Auditorium a
8:00 p.m., Thursday, April 16. Th
general public, as well as Universit
students and staff members, is urge
Mathematics Club will meet to
this week the elimination rounds in
the hall of fame group. All mem-
bers are requested to attend.
The WAA Board will have a supper
meeting today at 5:45 p.m. at the
WAB. Attention is compulsory.
Phi Beta Kappa: Annual meet-
ing today at 4:15 p.m. in 1018 Angell
Hall. Members are urged to attend.
Freshman Discussion Group: All
Freshmen interested in a frank dis-
cussion of religious and ethical prob-
lems are invited to come to Lane
Hall at 7:30 this evening. The topic
of discussion will be: "Happiness-
what is it, and is it the goal of life?"
Gj'aduate Student-Senior Lun-
cheon today at 12 noon in Room 3201
E. Engr. Bldg. Professor John S.
Worley will speak on the subject,
"Contracting wit4 the Government,
a Complicated Procedure."
Mr. J. H. Wishart, Research Direc-
tor of the U.A.W. (CIO), will speak
on "Organized Labor and Educa-
tional Facilities in Defense Areas"
at a meeting of the Michigan Uni-
versity Chapter of the Progressive
Librarians Council tonight at 7:45 in
the East Conference Room of the
Rackham Building. A discussion
will follow. All who are interested
The Merit Committee will meet to-
day at 3:15 p.m.
Episcopal Students: Tea will be
served for Episcopal students and
their friends at Harris Hall this
afternoon, 4:00 to 5:30.
Christian Science Organization will
meet tonight at 8:15 in the chapel
of the Michigan League,
Junior Mathematics Society will
meet on Wednesday, April 15, at
8:00 p.m., in 3201 A.H. Mr. Richard
Frankel will talk on "Advanced Plane
The Anatomy Research Club will
meet on Wednesday, April 15, at 4:30
p.m. in Room 2501 East Medical Bldg.
Mr. N. B. Everett will present a
paper entitled: "Observational and
Experimental Evidence Relating to
Sthe Originand Differentiation of
Germ Cells in Mice."
Tea will be served in Room 3502
from 4:00 to 4:30 p.m. All interested
are cordially invited.
I Psychological Journal Club: Mr.
Robert Waldrop will discuss "Prob-
lems Involved in Constitutional Stud-
ies," on Thursday, April 16, at 7:30
p.m.hin the East Conference Room
of the Rackham Building. Refresh-
ments will be served. All who are
interested are cordially invited.
The Cercle Francais will meet on
Wednesday, April 15, at 8:00 p.m., at
f the Michigan League. All members
are urged to attend.
f - - --
Phi Delta Kappa membership
t meetings will be held Wednesday and
I Friday evenings at 7:30 in the Rack-
ham Building, West Council Room.
The Friday meeting will include
some general business.
Ushering Committee for Theater
- Arts: Ushers are needed for the Art
s Cinema League movie, "The Man
t Who Seeks the Truth," being given
e April 16, 17, and 18. The sign-up
Y sheet is posted on the bulletin board
d in the Undergraduate Office of the
League. Please sign up as soon as
German Roundtable, International
- Center. The German Roundtable,
"How you expect to get married and keep house is beyond me,
' Alicia-you can't cook, and you wouldn't know the first thing
to do about an incendiary bomb on the roof!"