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April 11, 1942 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-04-11

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W' eather

No Change in Temperature.

.4fIt, Qan

aU t

Why Labor Unions
Must Be Defended.

editorial

"I i I

VOL. LII. No. 142 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SAtURDAY, APRIL 11, 1942 Z-323 \

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Britain's Plan
Turned Down
By Congress
Party In India
Definite National Set-Up
Is Reported Requisite
For Satisfactory Pact
With English Leaders
Defense Solution
Seen Improbable
NEW DELHI, India, April 10.-()
-Final rejection by the All-India
Congress Party of the British plan
for post-war dominion status was re-
ported late tonight.
(The Reuters News Agency indi-
cated that the final differences had
arisen over a transitional government
system to be employed until after the
war, when Britain has offered full
dominion status.
(Reuters said the Congress, in a
1,500-word letter to the British ne-
gotiator, Sir Stafford Cripps, said it
was prepared to participate and take
office in a central government only
if it was a truly national government
with cabinet responsibility, and not
merely an extension of the Governor
General's Executive Council.")
Indian Negotiations
Thus negotiations over the Indian
question, which only yesterday ap-
peared to have received its answer in
a general agreement, appeared al-
most certainly to have broken down
amid Hindu charges that Sir Staf-
ford Cripps, the British emissary,
had been hamstrung by the London
dWar Cabinet.
Louis Johnson, President Roose-
velt's personal emissary to India, who
had been hailed by the nationalist
press as "the hero of the hour" and
a "super Cripps" for the part he
played in the complex negotiations,
was believed to be ardently striving
to prevent complete collapse of the
talks, but without the assent of the
big Hindu bloc this appeared almost
hopeless.
The wIened-little spiritual leader
of the Hindus, Mohandas K. Gandhi,
who went back to Wardha and his
silence last week atter advising
against acceptance of the British of-
fer of post-war dominion status, ap-
peared to have left the imprint of his
counsel an a majority of the working
committee of the All-India Congress
Party.
Four-Hour Session
In a four-hour session today, it
was reported, President Maulana
Abul Kalan Azad and Pandit Jawa-
harlal Nehru told their colleagues
that as a result of their talk with
Cripps last evening a satisfactory
settlement on the defense of India'
issue was improbable.
It was understood that the Con-
gres, after examining the new British
formula for Indian defense, had re-
jected it as "inadequate and there-
fore unsatisfactory."
(Authoritative London quarters
said they had no word of any actual
rejection, but that this would appear
to be a logical development.)
Despite this, Nehru was reported
eager to come to terms with the Brit-
ish. He was joined, it was said, by
a fellow committee member, Chakra-
varthi Rajagopalachariar, the Con-
gress Party leader in Madras, but
they were reported to have been out-
voted by a majority more in line with
Gandhi's wishes.
FDR Plans Move

To Stop Inflation
With Official Aid
WASHINGTON, April 10.-(IP)-
President Roosevelt disclosed today
that further steps to combat inflation
were under consideration and in-
formed quarters said certain officials
had suggested the freezing of wages
at some recent level.
The Chief Executive himself would
not discuss possible types of action
when he told a press conference that
a general line of attack on inflation
was being mapped.
Along with wage controls, it is un-
derstood, however, that higher taxes
and more extensive rationing and
price control have been advanced by
one or more officials as ways of deal-
ing with the problem.
Congress May Require
Registration Of Unions
rASrfTNMVTm Anril 10 --UP)-A

Ganges Basin Menaced Small Force,

On

Bataan Escapes

By Jap Air, Naval Fleet

To Corregidor

As Japs Bombard

British Aircraft
Sunk By Jap

Carrier
Navy In

LONDON, April 10.-(P)-Britain's
Wavell marshalled every available
man-o-war, airplane and soldier to-
night for the defense of the Ganges
Basin of India, menaced by a Japa-
nese air and naval fleet which had
sunk the-British aircraft carrier Her-
mes and two heavy cruisers in a four-
day battle in the Bay of Bengal.
The hard-hitting flying fortresses
of the American Major General Lewis
H. Brereton were believed to be the
chief reliance of the commander in
chief for India, Gen. Sir Archibald
P. Wavell, in his attempt to find
and strike the Japanese invaders be-
fore they are able to make landings.
Defenses Crippled
With British naval defenses crip-
pled by Japanese air power, the Allies
were placing ever-growing rbliance
in these huge American B 17's.
The Japanese paid a heavy price
for the destruction of the three Brit-
ish ships-the 23-year-old aircraft
carrier Hermes and the heavy cruis-
ers Dorsetshire and Cornwall. An in-
En ine Council
Election Slate
Is Announced

our juniors, Six
Five Freshmen
Candidates For

Sopis,
To Be
Posts

A slate of four juniors, six sopho-
mores and five freshmen was indi-
cated for the coming Engineering
Council elections yesterday as the
deadline for submitting petitions ex-
pired and candidates had their pic-
tures taken.;
Running for two positions as Coun-
cil representatives from the junior
class will be Fred C. Betzhold, Dick
Schoel, Harry Altman and Robert
Mott. Both winners will serve for
one year.
Sophomore candidates are Harry
Scott, Jr., Karl Reed. Bud Burgess,
Jack Brown, Allan Gardner and
Buck Coveney. The candidate re-
ceiving the highest number of votes
will serve for two years, while the
runner-up will get a one-year term.
In the freshman class candidates'
will be Don Hafer, Walter Bauer,
Warren Shwayder, Robert William-
son and Stephen Selby, the highest
vote to elect a man for three years,
while the runner-up will again serve
a one-year term.
Warning candidates against post-
ing any campaign literature in any
campus building. Election Director
Bob Sforzini, '43E, announced that
pictures of the candidates would be
posted Tuesday on the Engineering
Council Bulletin Board in the West
Engineering Building.
Dr. Fishbein
To Talk Here
Dr Morris Fishbein, editor of the
Journal of the American Medical As-
sociation, will speak on "American
Medicine and the War" in a public
lecture at 8:30 p.m. Monday in the
Rackham Lecture Hall.
Sponsored by Alpha Omega Alpha,
honorary medical fraternity, the lec-
ture will follow the annual initiation
banquet of the fraternity at the
Union, at which Dr. Fishbein will be
the guest speaker.
A leading writer in the field of
medicine, Dr. Fishbein is the author
of "Fads and Quackery in Healing",
and "Frontiers of Medicine."

Hermes, Heayy Cruisers
Bay Of Bengal Battle
formed observer placed enemy air-
craft losses at 75 in the actions.
The sinking of the Dorsetshire and
Cornwall had been announced yes-
terday, but not until today was it
disclosed that the Hermes had gone
down. She sank about 10 miles off
Ceylon, the site of the Trincomalee
British naval base protecting India
at the western side of the Bay of
Bengal.
An authoritative source disclosed
that bombers and not torpedo planes
sank the 10,850-ton Hermes, the old-
est carrier in British service. It was
believed in London that she fought
without support from shore-based
aircraft and it was presumed that
the 20 planes she carried were over-
whelmed by waves of Japanese bomb-
ers.
Naval Power Springs
The Japanese naval power which
has smashed this opening in the Brit-
ish naval wall protecting India
springs from aircraft based on at
least two regular carriers and prob-
ably one auxiliary carrier as wel, a
well-informed source said.
Most of these planes are fighter
bombers and it is probable that the
Anglo-American air force will not
attack in great strength until the
Allied bombers can be escorted by
shore-based fighters.
From the hill country of the north
and from the flat naked plains Brit-
ish Indain troops are concentrated
at strategic points from which mo-
bile columns could be launched to
strike at an invader. India's coast-
line is too long to allow the British
to rely on linear defense.
Sea Losses Heavy
While British losses at sea had
been heavy and punishing, they had
been by no means as severe as Tokyo
had alleged.
The Japanese claimed that aside
from the HermesaDorsetshire and
Cornwall, two additional British
cruisers had been sunk off Trin-
comalee Naval Station.
To this the Admiralty returned the
specific, official denial:
"The Japanese claim is known to
be quite untrue."
Plasma Drive
Seeks Donors
Registration For Student's
Starts Monday In Union
Setting a minimum quota of 65 new
blood donors, the second Red Cross
plasma drive will begin with regis-
tration of student volunteers from
2 p.m. to 5 p.m. Monday in the lobby
of the Union and will continue
throughout the week.
The Red Cross blood donor service
needs approximately 65 students for
this donation which will be con-
ducted from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. Fri-
day at the Health Service. How-
ever, considerably more than 65 ap-
plications will be accepted inasmuch
as there will be another drive held
sometime in the middle of May.
Completely painless, blood dona-
tions require only 45 minutes and are
conducted by trained physicians.
Only one pint of blood is taken from
each person and after a 10 minute
rest the donor is able to resume his
usual activities.
American Ships Attacked
NORFOLK, Va., April 10.-UP)-
Crewmen of two American merchant
ships, one torpedoed and the other
attacked by submarine shellfire off
the Atlantic Coast, abandoned their
vessels but later reboarded their craft
and saw them brought safely to port,
the Navy disclosed tonight.

Physical exhaustion caused the failure of an attempted counter-
attack on Bataan Peninsula, Lieut.-Gen. Jonathan M. Wainwright
advised the War Department, telling that the defense had been over-
come. Corp. Ray "Slats" Spencer, dispatch rider, cat-napped by his
guns here. (U.S. Army Signal Corps photo from Associated Press.)
Allied Chiefs Ask More Planes
To Hold Offensive Against Japs

MELBOURNE, April 10. - UP) -
United States and Australian airmen
whose experience and equipment are
increasing steadily have seized the
offensive and intend to keep it, but
a great deal more is required before
the Japanese can be driven back by
a full-scale sustained drive, the high-
est chiefs of the United Air Forces
declared today.
Lieut.-Gen. George H. Brett, the
American who commands the com-
bined air corps in this theater, de-
clared:
"We've taken the offensive against
the Japanese in 'the air and we'll
continue to increase it. Our only
limitation is equipment."
Drakeford Warns
Australian Air Minister Arthur
Drakeford, however, warned:
"It would be fatal to think that the
Japanese have been brought to a
halt, although Australian and Allied
air blows north of Australia in the
past month have been spectacular."
As if to substantiate his words,
seven Japanese bombers accompan-
ied by fighters again raided Port

0 n
FortessBegn Inasin OfCeb

Fatigue Overcomes Bataan Defender

Moresby, New Guinea. Little damage
was reported and the raiders sped
away when Allied fighters rose to
challenge them. At least one hostile
bomber was believed shot down.
Drakeford said that 126 Japanese
planes had been positively knocked
out of action in the past month and
that the losses probably were far
greater, but that it was essential for
the Allies not to overestimate these
drains on the enemy's resources near
Australia.
Japanese bases behind the occu-
pied are of islands north of Australia
are maintaining a steady supply of
planes to the forward fields, he
added.
General Brett said his "plans were
clearcut."
'Assigned Task'
"I was assigned the task of unify-
ing and commanding the Allied air
forces," he said, "the goal of my
unified command is to smash Japan
in the air. Of the three forces under
General MacArthur's command, the
Allied air force is organizing and
carrying the fight to the enemy's
camp.
"Planes and equipment are flowing
here at an ever-increasing rate. They
have to come a long way, but they
are coming with equipment."
Brett said the big problem he was
tackling now was supply, noting that
"the average consumption of gaso-
line by an airplanes is 55 gallons an
hour."

Tokyo Reports Occupation Of Cabeaben
As U.S. Forces Retreat At Mariveles
Enemy Naval Units Mass At Manila
By RICHARD L. TURNER
WASHINGTON, April 10.-OP)-The sailors and marines-originally
some 3,500 of them-who manned the beaches of Bataan and fought off
dozens of furious Japanese landing attempts have been withdrawn to Cor-
regidor, and the American flag still flies over that stubbornly unyielding
fortress.
This was the gist of announcements made today by the Army and Navy
in the aftermath of the smashing of Gen. Jonathan Wainwright's exhausted
last-stand army by the more numerous Japanese forces on that famed
peninsula.
At the same time, the Army disclosed that the Japanese, pounding Cor-
regidor with tons of explosives, were simultaneously extending their con-
quest to the island of Cebu, some 375f'

miles to the southward. The Cebu
radio, which had been functioning
throughout the war, stopped respond-
ing to calls. In the invasion opera-
tion, swift darting American motor-
torpedo boats sank a Japanese
cruiser.
Another large Japanese vship of
war, described as either an "'auxiliary
cruiser or a large tender," a vessel
"heavily armed," was officially re-
ported meanwhile to have been sunk
in the Celebes Sea by an American
submarine.
Ships Destroyed
In addition, the Navy disclosed
that a United'States submarine ten-
der, the Canopus, a minesweeper, the
Bittern, a Naval tug, the Napa, and
the Dewey floating drydock which
had seen service at and about Cor-
regidor and Bataan had been de-
stroyed by American forces to pre-
vent their use by the enemy, if cap-
tured.
While these announcements were
being made, tributes to the gallant
defenders of Bataan were accumulat-
ing. Notably, there was one from,
Gen. Douglas MacArthur. who until
a few weeks ago commanded the
army of Bataan.
"The Bataan force went out as it
wished-fighting to the end of its
flickering forlorn hope," the Gen-
eral said at his headquarters in Aus-
tralia. "No army has ever done so
much with so little. Nothing became
it like its last hour of trial and agony.
Cabcaben Falls In Face
Of Japanese Advance
TOKYO (from Japanese broad-
casts). April 10.-(AP)-Japanese dis-
patches said tonight her forces had
captured Cabcaben, on the southeast
shore of Bataan Peninsula, and were
advancing towards the last enemy-
held town, Mariveles, on the south
coast.
Mariveles was reported in flames
set by United States forces as they
fell back. Everywhere on the Bataan
goast huge columns of smoke arose,
the Domei News Agency said, and
the Americans appeared to have de-
stroyed every 5ingle military installa-
tion on the road below Cabcaben.
The dispatches said Japanese naval
units were at the entrance of Manila
Bay to prevent the United States
General Wainwright from removing
his troops to the island fortress of
Corregidor aboard some small vessels
he had collected at Cochinos Point.
the extreme southernmost tip of
Bataan.

U' Conference
Is Approved
Unanimously
Student War Board Votes
For Post-War Meeting
Planned April 17, 18
The Student War Board-channel
for all campus war effort activities-
yesterday unanimously approved the
two-day Post-War Conference to be
held here April 17 and 18 in Rack-
ham Lecture Hall.
"We feel that a successful confer-
"nce will result in an accelerationof
war activities," the war board de-
clared in a statement issued after its
weekly meeting. "Students will more
actively support the war if they are
convinced that a democratic peace
-will result."
In addition to nationally-famous
speakers, the conference wil hear
leading members of the faculty at its
sessions.
The war board also put a stamp of
approval on a lecture series spon-
sored by Athena, honorary speech
sorority, but it only granted a pro-
visional O.K. to a Hillel "Stunt
Night" project.
Fully approval will be accorded this
yoposapwhen the board is fully in-
formed of plans for allocation of pro-
ceeds, Chairman Bob Wallace, '42E,
declared.
Other board action saw the de-
feat of an Alpha Phi Omega plan to
ollect student war savings albums
for the Bomber-Scholarship Fund.
Board opinion held that student say-
ng would be hamperedby such a
move.
Art Cinema Series
To Present 'Man
Who Sees Trut1
Starring the famous French actor,
Raimu, "The Man Who Seeks the
Truth" will be shown to holders of
Art Cinema League Series tickets as
a bonus performance at 8:15 p.m.
April 16, 17and 18 at Lydia Mendels-
sohnTheatre.
Allocation of 200 tickets for the
performances will be made to the
Bomber-Scholarship Fund, the pro-
ceeds to go to the fund. Tickets will
be sold at the League, Wahr's Book-
store and the Union.
An added feature, "Night Mail,".
a movie of the carrying of mail from
Scotland to Ireland during the night
will be included on the program.
The commentator is W. H. Auden,
famous poet and author and mem-
ber of the English department. A
color cartoon will also be shown.
Raimu, most famous of the French
comedians, was the star of the wide-
ly acclaimed movie, "The Baker's
Wife." "The Man Who Seeks the
Bruth" is the last movie made by
Raimu before the war.

Annual Campus Aid-To-China
Campaign Will Begin Monday

Deadline Nears
For Hopwoods
Students planning to enter the an-
nual Hopwood literary contest must
submit manuscripts by 4:30 p.m.
Monday, in Room 3221 Angell Hall.
For the eleventh year since its in-
auguration in 1922, when Avery Hop-
wood, '05, bequeathed one-fifth of his
estate to the University, income
therefrom to be awarded annually
"for the encouraging of creative work
in writing," the competition will give
out nearly $10,000 in prize money.
Specific instructions concerning
preparation of manuscripts and se-
lection of pseudonyms may be found
in the Hopwood pamphlet, available
in Room 3221.
Alun1i Will Hold
Annual C onference
When the alumni of the School of
Business Administration meet for
their annual spring conference to-
day, the general theme of the meet-
ing will be "Business in an All-Out
War Economy."'
The conference will open with
roundtable discussions at 10 a.m. in
the Michigan Union. At the noon

t
t
t

By CLAYTON DICKEY
On campus, in Ann Arbor and
throughout the nation the second an-
nual United China Reliefscampaign
will begin Monday under the com-
,bined auspices of nine national aid-
to-China organizations.
The campaign, which has a local
goal of $3,000 and a national goal
of $7,000,000, will be opened with a
nation-wide radio broadcast at 9 p.m.
today. . The program will include a
message from President Roosevelt
and an addres hv Wendell Willkie.

chairman and R. Earl Fowler, local
banker, as executive chairman. Soli-
citing contributions among Univer-
sity women students will be a com-
mittee headed by Miss Ethel Mc-
Cormick, social director of women,
assisted by Natalie Mattern, '45, sor-
ority collections, and Lorraine Jud-
son, '43, women's dormitories and
League houses.
Prof. George E. Carrothers, direc-
tor of the Bureau of Cooperation with
Educational Institutions, will direct

Dormitories Complete Plans
For Protection Against Bombs

By GEORGE SALLADE
Should Hitler's or the Mikado's air-
planes drop their death-dealing mis-
siles on Ann Arbor, the University
Residence Halls will be prepared to
meet the resulting emergency.
Detailed plans for air raid precau-
tions for the residence halls have
been completed by staff members
under the supervision of director Dr.
Karl Litzenberg and business mana-
ger F. C. Shiel, both members of the
University's Plant and Personnel Pro-
tection Committee. Precautions have
been worked out for the 22 halls and
houses operating under the Board of
Governors as well as for the Law
Club and Martha Cook, both of which
operate under separate boards. Cou-
zens Hall air raid arrangements are
under hospital authorities.

case of an air raid have been desig-
nated but await approval of the en-
gineering division of the Plant and
Personnel Protection Committee.
Plans are being made for possible
complete evacuation of the buildings
themselves.
Typical organization is like that
of Stockwell Hall. House director,
Mrs. Martha L. Ray, serves as per-
sonnel warden. Under her are a dep-
uty and a morale and first aid offi-
cer. Building warden is dietitian
Martha McBride. Four members of
the staff are assistant personnel war-
dens, each in charge of a particular
area. The areas are subdivided
among group wardens who supervise
a group of girls numbering from 10
to 15.
The group warden assembles the

t
l
i

Goolian To Present
Piano Recital TOday
In partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the degree of Bache-
lor of Music, Richard Goolian, '428M,
will present a piano recital at 8:30
p.m. today in the Lydia Mendelssohn

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