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April 08, 1942 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-04-08

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I

SWeather
Continued Cold,

4tit a

%ait

. Editorial
LaFoellette Bill
Can Stop Labor Wara.

I,

VOL. LIIL No. 139 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 8, 1942 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Nelson Order
Will Ban Steel
In Production
For Civilians
Manufacture Of Durable
Goods For Consumers
To Be Stopped May 31;
Construction Is Curbed
Senate Votes War
Profit Restriction
WASHINGTON, April 7.-(P)-The
manufacture of most consumers' dur-
able goods will be halted for the dur-
ation of the war by May 31, Chair-
man Donald M. Nelson of the War
Production Board reported today in
announcing two imminent new or-
ders-a civilian construction stop-
order and a ban on the use of steel
in hundreds of civilian articles.
These two actions, added to the
swift succession of production cur-
tailments and stoppages which will
be almost complete by May 31, are
of equal importance to "the winning
of a major battle," Nelson told a
press conference..
Non-Defense Building Stopped
The building order will suspend
non-defense construction and stop
the use in building materials of war-
essential metals, Nelson said. The
steel order will not only prohibit the
use of iron and steel in a multitude
of common items, but also will ban
the use of other metals and scarce
plastics as substitutes.
The normally cautious Nelson gave
an unexpectedly optimistic view of
the speed and scope of industry's
transition from peacetime gadget-
making to the output of the imple-
ments of war.
"I am more pleased with the con-
version effort at this time than at
any time since I've been on the job,"
he said.
"Sound But Lean"
The meaning of the transition to
the average citizen is a "sound but
le n" ivilian economy, the produc-
tion chief reported. "We don't know
how lean it can be, but it will get
leaner and leaner as time goes on.
The consumers' durable goods in-
dustries whose doom he sounded are
those producing such characteristic
elements of the American standard of
living as automobiles, refrigerators,
washing machines, vacuum cleaners
and other articles having a relatively
long life. All the articles named are
under stop-production orders.
"History will record whether we
have moved too fast or too slow,"
Nelson said with reference to the
sweeping change in this country's in-
dustrial complexion.
An informal tabulation revealed
that production already has been
halted in five major industries and
production ordered stopped in 15
others.
Nelson acknowledged that "indus-
trial casualties"-plants forced to
shut down for inability to convert or
for lack of materials-would be in-
evitable.
Modified Profit Curb
Passed By Senate
WASHINGTON, April 7. -(A)- A
modified measure for limiting war
profits emerged from the Senate late
today attached to the latest $19,212,-
773,260 appropriation bill.
Before it actually will apply to the
billions of dollars of present and fu-

ture contracts, the profit restriction
faces further modification by a joint
Senate-House committee that must
adjust many differences between the
two chambers over the huge wartime
appropriation.
The provision-largely limited to
authority to re-negotiate contracts
which might yield unreasonable pro-
fits-was advanced as a compromise
by Administration leaders to avoid
an assortment of proposed riders
dealing with wartime labor problems,
union dues, the flat six per cent
profit limit voted by the House, and
the sliding scale limit of two to 10
per cent substituted by the Senate
Appropriations Committee.
Lit Seniors Get Final
Chance To Pay Dues
Literary college seniors will be giv-
en a last chance to pay their senior
dues and order commencement an-
nouncements from 1 p.m. to 4 p.m.
every afternoon this week in Angell
Hall Lobby.
Seniors in the School of Educa-

New Jap Troops Force
Slow Retreat In Bataan
American Sub Sinks Two Nipponese Merchantmen
In China Sea Raid, Navy Department Reveals

United Automobile Workers Vote
To Suspend Premium Week-End,
Holiday Pay For Duration Of War

ro

WASHINGTON, April 7. - (A) - 1
Fresh troops thrown into the battle
of Bataan by the Japanese today
clawed their way further into the
stubbornly defended positions of the
American-Filipino forces.
A late day communique from the
War Department reported that the
greatly outnumbered troops under
Lieut.-Gen. Jonathan M. Wain-
Iwright, fighting desperately to hold
their line midway across Bataan Pen-
insula, were being forced back slowly.
Beginning the fourth day of al-
most ceaseless pounding of the center
of Wainwright's line, the Japanese
were aided by tanks as well as intense
artillery fire, aerial bombardment
and strafing. Losses were heavy to-
day on both sides.
Hospital Bombed
Concentrating their assault on the
front lines and rear positions on the
mainland, the enemy left the forti-
fied island of Corregidor free of aerial
attack for the fourth successive day,
but for the second time in little more
than a week bombed a base hospital
in Bataan, killing a large number of
woundedhsoldiers who were being
treated there.
The attack on the hospital was
carried out this morning by three
flights of heavy bombers, the Depart-
ment reported. After the same hos-
pital was bombed March 30, the Jap-
anese command in the Philippines
broadcast 'an apology, but the De-
partment asserted that the second
attack on the plainly marked build-
ing "tends to prove that both raids
were intentional."
Severe Bombardment
Yesterday, said an earlier com-
munique, the defending forces were
subjected to a particularly severe
aerial bombardment behind the
lines, and the Japanese aimed a con-
centrated air attack at the south
coast of Bataan in an apparent effort
to shatter Wainwright's vital com-
munications with Corregidor, two
miles offshore.
The enemy also directed a two-
hour artillery barrage against Cor-
Atlantic Ship
Losses Drop,
Knox Reveals
WASHINGTON, April 7. - (') -
A sharp decline in the number of
U-boat attacks off the Atlantic Coast
was reported today by Secretary
Knox, who said that recently-adopted
methods of combatting the submer-
sibles might be responsible.
He did not, however, overlook the
possibility that the drop might be
due in part at least to the German
practice of sending out submarines
in waves, with intervening periods
in which few U-boats are actually
operating far from their bases.
However, Knox pointed out that:
last week there were but two attacks
in the coastal area--one upon a
tanker and the other on a tow-boat
and its barges. During the week the
Navy announced 14 attacks but
twelve of these occurred before
March 29 or in Caribbean waters,
not covered by the Secretary's an-
nouncement.
In addition, Knox revealed that
''very careful study" is being given
to the whole problem of operating
the merchant marine. No decisions
have yet been reached, he said, but
a possibility remained that the Navy
might take charge of ships assigned
to "long voyages."

regidor and Fort Hughes from land'
batteries on the Cavite shore of Man-
ila Bay, but the Department reported
that neither casualties nor damage
resulted from the shelling. The guns
of the forts laid down a counter-bat-
tery fire, the results of which were
not reported.
Sub Hits Two Jap Ships
In Daring China Sea Raid
WASHINGTON, April 7.-(A')-A
daring American submarine, striking
directly at Japanese shipping in the
hazardous waters of the China Sea,
has sunk two merchant vessels to-
taling 15,000 tons, the Navy an-
nounced tonight.
It was the third Navy communique
in four days dealing with the success-
es of the far-ranging American un-
dersea raiders against the extended
Japanese supply lines. The three an-
nouncements listed 12 Japanese ves-
sels, including two light cruisers, as
sunk or damaged.
Altogether, American submarines
have destroyed or damaged 52 Jap-
anese ships in the Pacific theatre.
The latest victims were identified
as a 10,000-ton combination cargo
and passenger ship and a 5,000 cargo
vessel. Yesterday, the Navy disclosed
that two submersibles had sunk three
Japanese ships.
Allies Smash
At Jap Bases
IIn New Guinea
Supply Group Adopts Plan
To Coordinate Supplies
Of U.S.-Aussie Troops
By C. YATES McDANIEL
MELBOURNE, April 7,-(,P)-For
the third successive day Royal Aus-
tralian Air Force and American
planes smashed at the Japanese in
New Guinea areas today, swooping in
a low-level attack on Lae where they
planted sticks of bombs on grounded
aircraft and the airdrome buildings
and runways.
Correspondents at Port Morseby,
Australian base in New Guinea, said
fires were started by the attack and
that the damage inflicted in the three:
successive days of attacks must have
been extensive.
The Allied bombers were accom-
panied by fighting planes which shot
down the lone Japanese fighter who
tried to interfere with the attack. He
crashed into the sea.
Meanwhile, Navy and Munitions
Minister J. M. Makin declared that
"Australia never stood in a better
position than she does today" to repel
a Japanese invasion.
Production of munitions and war
equipment is mounting rapidly, he
declared.
The Allied Supply Council, holding
what Supply Minister John Beasley
described as its most important meet-
ing yet, adopted a plan today to co-
ordinate supplies and equipment for
United States and Australian troops
from materiel available here and that
arriving from America under the
Lend-Lease program.
Army Minister Francis M. Forde
announced that he had ordered an
official report from soldiers who es-
caped from Rabaul in New Guinea
and brought stories that Australian
prisoners had been pinioned, shot and
bayoneted by the Japanese.

Engineering Students Evaluate
Teachers, Courses In Survey
EEC 'Si (" a a 0

UAW Delegates Demand Manufacturers
of War Materials Share In Sacrifices;
48-Hour Week Most Efficient, FDR Says

E. Al. Baker Says Results
Have Given Information
Helpful To Instructors
(Editor's Note: This is the second in
a series of articles explaining the vari-
ous aspects of the problem of evaluat-
ing members of the faculty.)
By >IOMER SWANDER
In a move which "yielded a large
amount of information that can be
of great help to the administration
and to individual instructors," the
College of Engineering in May, 1940
asked its students to evaluate their
teachers and their courses.
Prof. E. M. Baker of the chemical
engineering department-author of
the above statement-is chairman of
the permanent Committee on Coor-
dination and Teaching which for
nearly two years has been studying
the results of the student evaluation
survey.
The survey is similar in nature to
one which the faculty of the literary
school approved early last fall. The
latter school, however, failed to carry
through with its plan and, at the be-
hest of the Executive Committee of
the College, voted to postpone any
action for the duration of the emer-
gency.
In releasing hitherto unpublished
data of general significance which
was uncovered by the engineering
school's survey, Professor Baker
pointed out that the students who
were questioned regarded the sur-
vey as an opportunity to offer seri-
ous contributions and their sug-
gestions "time after time resulted
Colonel Ganoe
To Inaugurate
Union Course
Commandant Of ROTC
To Begin Leadership
Talk Series Tomorrow
Col. William A. Ganoe, comman-
dant of the local ROTC unit, will in-
augurate the new Union-sponsored
course in leadership when he speaks
at 8 p.m. tomorrow in the small
ballroom of the Union. His topic will
be "Treatment."
Everyone interested in enrolling for
the course-which will be composed
of a lecture every Thursday-may do
so by contacting Ed Holmberg, '43,
or by registering in the Student Of-
fices of the Union.
The course was to be limited to 50
members, but widespread demand
has made it necessary to allow
double that number of enrollees.
Holmberg emphasized that only those
persons who intend to attend all the
lectures should register.
The tentative program of lectures
is as follows: L. J. Carr of the sociol-
ogy department, speaking on "The
Social Scene and the War"; Prof.
Wesley Maurer of the journalism de-
partment, on "Leading Group Discus-
sion"; Clark Tibbetts, secretary of
the War Board, on "Community Self
Studies"; and Prof. H. Y. McCluskey
of the School of Education, on "Com-
munity Efforts and Defense."
Each speaker's talk is to be mimeo-
graphed and presented to the stu-
dents at the following lecture so as
to insure continuity. At the end of
the course the various lecture copies
will be combined to form a syllabus
on leadership.
Seniors Will Vote
Comm~nmcemen t
Site ┬žomorro'w

Senior opinion on the University's
proposed shifting of commencement
from Ferry Field to Yost Field House
will be polled tomorrow by the Stu-
dent War Board in an all-campus

in much needed corrections that
otherwise might never have been
made."
The questionnaires, which were
filled out by nearly every student in
the engineering school, asked for
such information as:,the difficulty of
the course; the interest and enjoy-
ability; the quality of the teaching;
the suitability of the text; the corre-
lation of the lecture, laboratory and
quiz sections; and the total number
of hours worked per credit hour for
the course.
A space was also provided on the
specially prepared cards for general
comment and suggestions for im-
provement of the course.
Although the latter information
was the most difficult to assimilate
in any precise manner, Professor Bak-
er said that in many instances it was
the most valuable.
Three cases cited by Professor Bak-
er as illustrating the value of the
survey were:
1. In one class the students replied
that the total amount of work as-
Turn to Page 6, Col. 1
Paul Lim-Yuen
Win1s Northern
Speech Finals

DETROIT, April 7.-(P)-A war conference of United Automobile
Workers (CIO) delegates tonight approved unanimously, by -voice vote, an
executive board recommendation that premium pay for weekend and holi-
day work be waived for the duration.
At the same time, the delegates, representing more than a half-million
workers in automobile and arcraft plants-in the nation, demanded that
manufacturers of war material be compelled to make "equal sacrifices."
Acceptance of the executive board's proposal to forego extra pay for
Saturday, Sunday and holiday work except when such work constitutes a
sixth or seventh consecutive working day followed a day-long session which at
times became boisterous when opponents displayed reluctance to waive pre-
mium wages unless "excess profits" '>
were banned war manufacturers by
Congress or the President.
Earlier, President Roosevelt, in a
letter to the conference, informed
the UAW-CIO that premium pay Forty M iles
"puts a brake on" wartime produc-
tion and '.helps our enemies."
In addition to waiving premium
pay, the conference reaffirmed a
pledge to refrain from strikes or work British Defenders Destroy
stoppages and to submit all disputes O -C en Ista ton
,to mediation for the war's duration, Oil, Cement Installations
agreed to increase production by "all In Burma Withdrawal
means available," and urged that
arms plants be operated on a 24- NEW DELHI, India, April 7.--(R)---
hour day 7-day week basis through A continuing Japanese push north-
establishment of swing shifts." ward up the broad, sea-level valley
The board submitted, for Con- of the Irrawaddy River in Burma was
gressional action, what it termed a reported today by the British, who
"victory through equality of sacri- announced the defending forces had
fice" program proposing wartime fallen back more than 40 miles north
laws to limit family or individual in- from Prome after destroying oil and
comes to $25,000 a year and corpor- cement installations at Thayetmyo
ate earnings to three per cent on in- and Alanmyo.
vested capital, in return for which, The Japanese columns last were
it said, labor would agree that all reported at Kama, on the west bank
wages for time over 40 hours a week of the Irrawaddy 15 miles above
be paid in special non-negotiable de- Prome, and at Nyaungbinzeik on the
fense bonds, east bank, a British communique
Mr. Roosevelt's letter, addressed to said.
UAW-CIO President R. J. Thomas, Other Japanese elements are mov-
stated that "every factory and every ing northeast up the Sinjok Valley,
shipyard should be working seven farther east on the path to Manda-
days a week, night and day." lay, still more than 200 miles dis-
tant_

Prize Address
New Pacific
Stewart Also

Proposes
Charter;
Honored

A plea for liberation of the Asiatic
peoples gained first place for Paul
Lim-Yuen, '43, in the University fin-
als of the Northern Oratorical League
contest yesterday in Angell Hall.
In his speech, "The Pacific Char-
ter," Lim-Yuen declared that "the
so-called democracies should draw up
a Pacific Charter similar to the re-
cent Atlantic Charter."
For his oration, "The Cynic and
the Saint," D. Richard Stewart, '44,
was selected alternate. Albert Cohen,
'44, and Bennet Yanowitz, '44, also
participated in this meet.
Dr. Glen E. Mills was the chair-
man of this finals contest, and the
judges were taken from the faculty
of the Department of Speech. Dr.
Louis M. Eich arranged both the pre-
liminary and final meet for the Uni-
versity.
Lim-Yuen will attend the Northern
Oratorical League contest at North-
western University May 1, where he
will represent the University in com-
petition with the other universities
in this district. From this meet a
first and second place winner will be
chosen.
Students taking Japanese are
eligible to apply for scholarships,
if they are in financial need, from
the American Council of Learned
Societies, it was announced yes-
terday.

48-Hour Week Is Most
Productive, FDR Says
WASHINGTON, April 7. - (1?) -
President Roosevelt's studies of the
efficiency of workmen have led him
to the conclusion that a 48-hour week
is more productive than a 60-hour
week.
Surveys here, in Great Britain and
on the European continent have
shown, he said today, that a man
working 60 hours produces less than.
one working 48. That, he told a press
conference, was a fact which the
American people should examine and
get into their heads.
He added that Henry Ford, after
investigating the question, had said
that more than 44 or 48 hours a week
did not increase the number of things
produced by the individual workers.
The question of working hours has
provided one of the hottest of war-
time controversies. For weeks a drive
has been on in Congress to suspend
for the duration of the war, the pro-
visions of the wage-hour law; com-
pelling the payment of time and a
half for more than 40 hours work in
a week.

i .
With fighting momentarily con-
fined to patrol skirmishes, the Brit-
ish said their forces still were tak-
ing up new defense positions north
of Thayetmyo and Alanmyo.
, The main Burmese oil fields are
around Minbu, about 65 miles far-
ther north.
Air activity conitinued scanty, but
the Japanese bombed a'n unidenti-
fied town in Central Burma Monday,
causing a few casualties, the British
announced.
A Chinese Army spokesman at
Chungking said the Japanese ad-
vance up the .Irrawaddy was being
made with 100 trucks and a number
of tanks.
He said the Chinese forces who
hold the Sittang River Valley, the
east sector of the Burma defense
lines, were engaging a. Japanese
striking force in the Toungoo region
south of Kyibuangan.
All-India Congress Party
Rejects British Program
NEW DELHI, India, April 7.-(A)-
Rejection of the British program for
post-war Indian independence was
reported tonight to be the reiterated
stand of the powerful All-India Con-
gress Party, despite a British offer
to appoint an Indian native as de-
fense minister of this country.
In the face of renewed American
efforts toward an agreement and
this major British concession to the
Congress Party's earlier contentions,
new objections were raised on other
points-and without the Congress
Party's acquiescence the entire plan
is considered unlikely to succeed.
Year-Round Basis
Adopted By Naval
ROTC For Cadets
Latest department of the Univer-
sity to go on a year-round basis, the
Naval ROTC will offer courses for
sophomore and junior cadets during
the summer term, Capt. R. E. Cassidy,
Commandant, announced yesterday.
Although attendance on the sum-
mer program will not be compulsory,
cadets who enroll in other University
summer term courses must also enroll

Engineers Take Over:
john Fauver, Paul Wingate Win
Top IFC Positions For 1942-43

World War I Grim Reminder:
Prof. Dawson Advises Against
Unjustly PunishingDissenters
v',i

By EUGENE MANDEBERG
John Fauver, '43E, was elected
president of the Interfraternity
Council yesterday at its regular
president's meeting.
Fauver, a member of Phi Kappa
Psi fraternity and enrolled in the
advanced corps of the ROTC replaces
Don Stevenson, '42, of Beta Theta
Pi as Council head.
Secretary-treasurer of the IFC is
Paul Wingate, '43E, a member of
Zeta Beta Tau fraternity and Tau
Beta Pi, engineering honor society.

John Fletcher, '43, Phi Delta Theta,
represents District 5.
Stevenson leaves the leadership of
the Interfraternity Council with an
impressive record of achievement,
both local and national. As the
University's delegate to the National
Undergraduate Interfraternity Coun-
cil, Stevenson was elected president
of the session, and will remain in
office until December.
Locally, the former Council presi-
dent has succeeded in revising sev-
eral portions of the IFC constitution,
with special regard to rushing, al-
ways a sore point. Stevenson was

Declaring that the record of prose-
cutions in 1917 and 1918 suggests
"how not to deal with the problem
of dissenting minorities," Prof. John
P. Dawson of the law school said
yesterday that "unless we can prove
specific wrongs already committed,
or attempts through language to pro-
duce specific injuries that have some
chance of success, the only wise pol-
icy is to refrain from punishment."
Professor Dawson asserted in a
University War Board lecture in the
Rackham Auditorium that the "cen-
tral question we must ask ourselves
is: What immediate and pressing
danger do we seek to avert?"
Inquiring if we feared "the result
of debate over our reasons for enter-
ing the war, or the effects of Father

ourselves we shall not find that in
the struggle for liberty we have for-
feited our own."
He said that we are dealing with
dangerous enemies who have taught
up that words are weapons. "But
that does not mean," he contended,
"that a firm policy of self-restraint
and toleration of dissent compels us
to abandon all realism and leave
ourselves exposed and helpless."
Citing the gain of the last 20 years
-"an increasing awareness of the
whole problem of civil liberties, the
clarification by Supreme Court de-
cisions, the organization of more ef-
fective means of protecting civil
rights-," Professor Dawson added
the the organization and perfor-
mance of the FBI which he said

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