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March 05, 1942 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-03-05

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?

Weather
Slightly Colder
With Possible Snow Flurries

Y

t

4a i4J

Editorial

Sacrifice Needed
To Gain Victory . .

1

VOL. LI. No. 110 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MARCH 5, 1942 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

MacArthur' s
Planes Slash
At Jap Ships
In Subic Bay
Second Troop Contingent
From U.S. Disembarks
In Northern Ireland Por
Amid Citizens' Cheers
'Thousands' Of Men
Brought To Ulster
WASHINGTON, March 4. -(P)-
Sweeping over the mountains of
Bataan in a sudden attack that
caught the Japanese completely off
guard, the small air force of Gen.
Douglas MacArthur destroyed over
30,000 tons of enemy shipping and
set supply concentrations afire at
Subic Bay, the War Department an-
nounced today.
Heavy explosions occurred after
fires were started on the docks at
Olongapo and Grande Island, in-
dicating that ammunition dumps
were destroyed in the swift raid.
Ships Destroyed
A morning communique declared
that one ship of 10,000 tons, another
of 8,000 tons and two motor launches
"of 100 tons each were destroyed, and
many smaller vessels damaged,
Later in the day another com-
munique, based on further informa-
tion, added a 12,000-ton vessel to the
toll, thus emphasizing the smashing
nature of the raid.
Subic Bay lies just north of Bataan
Peninsula not more than 15. miles
from the front lines of MacArthur's
BULLETIN-
NEW YORK, March 4. -()-
Thirty planes, their nationality
not specified, have raided Minami
Torishima Island in the Bonin
Group about mid-way between
Guam and the Japanese main-
land, the Tokyo radio said to-
night in a broadcast heard by
CBS. The broadcast identified the
islandf as 'tie most remo1o a~ ┬░tie
Bonin Group southeast of Tokyo,
and acknowledged that one build-
ing was destroyed and eight casu-
alties suffered. Seven of the raid-
ers were shot down, Tokyo said.
ground forces. Grande Island is at
the entrance of the bay and Olonga-
po, formerly a United States Naval
Station, on the southern shore.
Since MacArthur completed the
withdrawal of his forces into the na-
tural fortress of Bataan, where for
1nore than a month he has stopped
all efforts of the Japanese to ad-
vance, the enemy has used Subic Bay
as a terminal for landing troops and
supplies.
Convoy Arrives
On February 18 the Army reported
the arrival of a fairly large convoy
of transports at Olongapo, bringing
reinforcements to the already huge
Japanese forces on the Island of Lu-
zon. Subic Bay was also the scene
of two daring raids against Japanese
shipping by motor torpedo boats.
The exact size and composition of
the remnants of an air force still
operating with MacArthur has never
been disclosed. It was believed, how-
ever, to consist largely of pursuit
planes of the Curtiss P-40 type,
known to the British as Tomahawks,
MacArthur has used them largely for
observation purposes, avoiding com-
bat with the overwhelming superior-
ity of the Japanese.

Thousands' Of Men
Brought To Ulster
With U.S. Troops in Northern Ire-
land, March 4. --(P)- The arrival in
Northern Ireland of a second con-
tingent of U.S. troops, numbering in
the thousands with full field equip-
ment and their guns ready, was an-
nounced today after all had been
safely disembarked and scattered to
posts thoughout Ulster's six counties.
(The new American contingent
was described in London as being
larger than the first. Washington
announced the arrival only briefly,
withholding details.)
This second contingent, reaching
here a little more than a month after
arrival of the first, was, like it, com-
posed mostly of Mid-Westerners who
for the past year had been trained
in Southern camps in the United
States.
The commander of the force is
a white-haired colonel from the Mid-
dle West; and the first man in the

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'Bomber City' Awaits Government Action

Allies Wreck Java Riches As Japs

Score

First Important Advances;

- Daily Photo by Bob Killins
Bomber City-the Art School's miniature "greenbelt" model com-
munity designed to solve Willow Run's housing problem-lies between
Ypsilanti and Belleville just south of Ford Lake (on extreme right).
The heavy white line cutting across the center is the Washtena Wayne
County line. At the extreme left is the Wabash Railroad, which runs
diagonally upward and -forms a triangle outside of the city limits. The
bomber plant is beyond the range of the picture, on the right. Coming
down from the north (right, in the picture) Rawsonville Road and
Ford Road run into the city and afford easy access to the plant.
* * * *

B.om ber City'

Affo rds

Solution To Willow Run
Art School's Model Community Being Considered
By Government For Housing Workers

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British Lose Key Burma Position
RAF Causes Severe Damage Dutch Government Changes Indies Land,
fI4A a O Sububa. Naval Commanders As Crisis Nears;
In____ ______________ s Japanese Take West Bank Of Sittang
important F actories Hard along both banks of the Seine. It said BANDOENG, Java, March 4.-(IP)-The Japanese have thrown back the
Hit, Vichy Says; Welles precautions against injuring French Allied line in some sectors in their first advances of consequence since the
1)sRcigimiary or damaging civilian prop- beginning of the invasion, the Dutch command acknowledged today, and
Calls Raid L egititnate erty were so strong that bombers
were ordered to return with their so imminent was this island's peril that the defenders already had com-
LONDON, March 4.-(IP)-In one loads if there were any possibility of pleted most of the job of demolishing all upon it that would be of value to
of history's greatest air raids the a mistake. the enemy.
RAF last night s)read ruin in the Meanwhile, Vichy admitted that But, stripped though they were of much of the Dutch fleet strength
Paris suburban area where French three of France's biggest motor and and outnumbered aloft and aground, the Allied forces yet fought savagely
arms plants are working for the Ger- aircraft works were damaged severely on-holding the offensive in their unbroken aggressive spirit, tragically
mans, thus signalling the end of kid- by the tremendous British night bQm- unable though they were to hold it in fact.
glove treatment of the Vichy regime bardment of the German-occupied (The Netherlands government in London announced a drastic change
and the start of a new campaign to Paris industrial area, with 600 or in the Indies command by which the Governor General, Gen. A W. L
weaken the expected Nazi spring of- more persons killed and 2,000 iec t Grn renrghntaho-
fensive against Russia. wounded.
Captain Jean Fontaine, naval offi- wer, transfers command of the land
The raid lasted only two hours, cer and chief of Vice-Premier Dar- Soviet Troops fighting forces to Lieut.-Gen. Hein
and was made by a force which lan's secretariat, who watched theA t Ter Poorten, and Admiral C. m . L.
spokesmen said was not exceptionallyr Fidasa Last Hedfrihetakest"aspecial ision
large, but judged by French figures and Farman plants as heavily hit by aS la i with Rear Admiral J. J. A. Van Sta-
of 600-odd dead and possibly 2,000 RAF bombers which swooped so low " m -~ veren commanding the remaining
wounded it was more devastating he thought they might plunge f az Arm y naval forces in Indies waters.
tha any of the all-night and all- through the roof of the 5th-floor (At the same time the government
day bombings by which the. Germans apartment in the Auteuil section of '" nice alduo vr uc omne
vainly sought to knock out Britain prmntnthAue stinf'Rem at' Of Encicld called upon every Dutch, commander
vinl sg t no otParis from which he witnessed the 'ennants e-e in Java and elsewhere in the archi-
Returning RAF pilots and bom-attack Tuesday night. Foe BiA hilated pelago, even those cut off from help,
barergaidth t stead'boR-- The Renault plant, which was to "fight on to the last."
aies aid nthat k g t R turning out trucks for the Germans, State Russian Reports Command Shift Is 'Ineidentar'
airplane engines and trucks for the burned so fiercely that the whole MOSCOW, Thursday, March 5.- (The communique said the com-
3ermans, their bombs scattered (Turn to Page 6, Col. 2) (M)-Russian troops are "destroying mand shift was incidental to depar-
buildings "like packs of cards." the remnants" of General. Von ture of General Sir Archibald P.
Only two British planes were lost, Foru Hears Busch's 16th German Army which Wavell, erstwhile United Nations su-
i clear indication of weak opposition, numbered 96,000 men before it was preme commander In Java, to resume
In London, informed political quar- ) trapped more than a week ago at his former India command, but au-
ters said London and Washington - Slosson s Plan Staraya Russa below Lake Ilhen, thoritative Dutch quarters said that
now were convinced that Vichy could dispatches direct from that front said the Allied powers had taken "a trip-
not be won away f rom German in- today. pling blow" with the loss of two
luence by further wooing.ermnn-or 'ra This was the first time that Soviet Dutch cruisers in the Java Sea naval
As for the French people, the Brit- dispatches used the term "remnants" battle last week-end, that a counter-
sh government expressed "sincere t O in referring to the encircled Nazis offensive at present was out of the
hope" that any French lives had been New International rder who were reported desperately trying question and that "it is therefore a
dnvl byn d d i ' Will B Ft a t o .in a.ir-horne reinforements. bitter struggle, but the Netherlands

By BOB MANTHO
Bomber City, they're calling it ...
And if Frederic A. Delano, chair-
man of the National Resources Plan-
. ning Board, persuades the President
that this is the model community
which will solve Willow Run's hous-
ing problem, four months of hard
work will gain the University's Art
Schocl nation-wide acclaim.
The idea for the project was con-
ceived by George Ross, former pro-
fessor in landscape architecture who
is now a member of the State Plan-
ning Commission charged with mak-
.ing yrom dations for the housing
of laborers around the Willow Run
defense sector.
Following his lead, Karl Belser,
visiting professor of landscape archi-
tecture, began an intensive study of
the regional planning for the pro-
posed community. With him worked
four efficient students of art.
Jean Hebrard, professor of archi-
tecture, and his students constructed
Sextet Min u s
Captain, Faces
Michigan Tech
Hockey Squad Revamped
To Meet Visitors T oday;
Goldsmith On Sick List,
By STAN CLAMAGE
Playing without the services of
their captain and play-maker, Paul
Goldsmith, Michigan's hockey team
tangles with an indifferent Michigan
Tech sextet at 8 p.m. today at the
Coliseum in the first tilt of a two-
game series.
In the wild battle with Minnesota
last Saturday, Goldie cracked against
the boards late in the final period
and spent the remaining minutes on
the bench watching his teammates
fight a losing cause. The injury, sim-
ilar to that which versatile Frank
McCarthy incurred in the Pittsburgh
track meet, put Goldsmith on the in-
active list. Yesterday the lanky cap-
tain was put away for good when the
rapidly growing measles epidemic
added another to its toll.
With his big captain on the sick
list, Coach Eddie Lowrey will be
forced to revamp his first and second
lines. The first trio to see compe-
tition looks to have Bob Kemp and
Roy Bradley on the wings, with Max
Bahrych in the center slot. Kemp
has seen Varsity action only since
the start of the second semester, but
he has been rapidly rounding into
shape. Bradley has brought himself
up from an uncertain position earlier
in the season to a regular on the
team.
The defense, which remains in-
tact, finds Johnny Gillis and Ed
Reichert in their customary slots.
Gillis has turned into one of the big-
gest offensive threats on the squad,
and his defensive play has been out-
standing. In the Gopher series his1

the miniature little city which stands
on a corner table in one of the rooms
of the art school building.
A five-section "greenbelt" model
communiy, Bomber City straddles
the county lines of Washtenaw, and
Wayne counties and is based on Sid-
ney Hillman's statement made at the
CIO convention in Detroit this fall:
"What is needed is a fifty-million
dollar, 10,000-unit community to
house the laborers who will be em-
ployed at the bomber plant."
Roosevelt Confirms Hillman
President Roosevelt confirmed this
statement a4ew days later..
Located between Ypsilanti and
Belleville south of Ford Lake, the
model city "that impressed Mr. De-
lano when he saw pictures of it" is
designed to be a permanent com-
munity which will guarantee no ghost
town after the boom is over at the
Willow Run bomber plant.
It is situated on flat ground and is
so arranged that it can be speedily
constructed with a maximum of effi-
ciency. At the same 9me, its loca-
tion assures an easy access to the
bomber plant and reduces the traffic
congestion problem to an every-day
affair.
Bomber City is laid out within a
radius of three miles from the plant
where the powerful B-24 bombers are
scheduled soon to roll off the assem-
bly lines. On the southernmost tip,
the Wabash Railroad extends diagon-
ally upward and forms a triangle
just outside of the city.
To Cost $50,000,000
All the houses-10,000 of them -i
have been planned at an estimated
cost of less than $5,000 per unit and
they will be built to Federal Hous-
ing Authority standards. With the
servicing included, this economically-
planned community will carry a
price-tag of fifty-million dollars.
Most of the units are Row houses,
with party walls separating Mr. Jones
and his family from the next-door
neighbor. The ground floor of every
house will contain hall, living room,
kitchen, dining room, bathroom fully
equipped and closets. The second
floor will have space for bathroom
(Turn to Page 6, Col. 1)

save y aavanwce rai o warningsG hat
targets -in-the Partarea might be.
attacked at any time.
But Britain left no doubt that this
first big-scale blow at Paris environs
would not be the last, even at the
iisk of open hostilities with Vichy.
The British air ministry reported
that in bright moonlight enhanced
by flares the bombers had no trouble
ip finding the war-plant targets
Church Lea der
To Speak Hee
Dr. Paton Will Discuss
ReligionOfEngland
Dr, William Paton, well-known
church leader of Great Britain, will
speak on "Religion in Wartime Eng-
land" in the second lecture of the
series sponsored by the Student Re-
ligious Association at 8:15 p.m. to-
morrow in the Rackham Lecture
Hall.
Dr. Paton has.had a long and dis-
tinguished career in religious activity
throughout the world, For a decade
after his education at Oxford and
Cambridge he served as secretary of
the Student Christian Movement in
Great Britain.
Onetime general secretary of the
National Christian Council of India,
Burma and Ceylon, Dr. Paton has
been an official of the International
Missionary Council since 1928. He
is also general secretary of the World
Council of Churches.

1'".11" e a c e ure ul
For Permanent l'e'ace
By BUD BRIMMER
Complete abolition of war and the
relegation of nations to the status of
individuals in a well-ordered society
were the basic features of a post-war
international order which Prof. Pres-
ton Slosson of the history depart-
ment propounded before a student-
faculty audience yesterday in the first
of the Union-sponsored war forums.
Emphasizing the urgency for the
Allied peoples to prepare their minds
for receiving new and broader prin-
ciples which will makefor a lasting
peace, Professor Slosson proposed
under his topic, "Winning the Peace."
a system of collective security. This
plan included an international tri-
bunal representative of the world
which would be able to decisively
settle disputes and enforce its de-
cisions by all-out war.
Also, in this speech which was pre-
'liminary to a general audience dis-
cussion, the war-analyzing professor
included an indictment of neutrality
as well as an investigation of such
issues as disarmament, the drawing
up of new boundaries, and the inter-
nationalization of the colonial world.
Regarding neutrality, he bitterly
condemned it as "intolerable in the
post-war world inasmuch as it has
failed in every instance during the
last 20 years."
"There must be po part of the
world where a bill of rights does not
exist," said Professor Slosson as he
denounced the dictatorships for be-
ing conspiracies to wage war and
went on to advocate complete free
trade in the colonies of the world.
Following the talk was a period of
questions and answers in which the
audience raised difficult problems of
minority rights.
Although this forum was an experi-
ment in the clarification of war issues
for the students, said Robert Temp-
lin, '43, who is in charge of the Un-
ion project, its results were encour-
aging enough so that more forums
will be had in the near future.
Ehrmnai T o Speak
Before SRA Group
Continuing its Thursday night se-
ries of discussion seminars, the Stu-
dent Religious Association will pre-
sent Prof. Howard Ehrmann of the
history department in a Lane Hall
talk at 7:30 p.m. today on "The

LU ga .11 '[111 V u t. * .. l... , .
food and material.
An official report also said that the
Red army driving westward on 'the
central front toward Smolensk had
broken into an important German
defense zone.
"Two regiment headquarters of
this division were smashed," the re-
port said in supplementing the regu-
lar midnight communique.
"Prisoners and rich spoils were
taken."
The Red Army was reported to
have destroyed some 50 German po-
sitions in the Leningrad area in the
unceasing campaign to free com-
pletely that long-besieged Baltic city.
In the continuing battle in the
Smolensk area, the Russians said a
small group of guerrillas destroyed
two German arms and munitions
dumps, destroyed nine trucks in at-
tacks on behind-the-lines supply
convoys, and cut 3,000 feet of tele-
phone wires.
(The German High Command,
claiming Russian attacks in the
northern and central sectors were
"without success," said Red Army
men trying to break Nazi siege lines
on the Sevastopol front in the Crimea
were annihilated and that Russian
cavalry made a vain assault in the
Donets Basin.)
La Materme li
To le ,Shown
Twice Sunday
A Parisian maternity ward where
the children of the poor spend their
days, while their parents are out try-
ing to scrape up enough money for
the evening meal, will set the scene
for "La Maternelle," which will be
shown by the Art Cinema League at
6:30 p.m. and 8:30 p.m. Sunday in
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Tickets to the second program in
the Sunday night series may be pur-
chased at Wahr's bookstore and the
League desk. Two short subjects will
also be shown, "Spotlight on Indo-
China" and "The Lucky Duck."
Paulette Plamert plays the part of
the unfortunate child whose mother,
a Montmartre prostitute, leaves her
forever in the care of the ward. Rose,
played by Madeline Renaud, is the
nurse who finds in Paulette a fitting
object for her love.
Acclaimed by the New York Times
as "the best picture presented any-

HONOLULU, March 4. -(P)-
The Army announced today that
"what was believed to be an en-
emy plane flew over Oahu Island
early today and dropped three
medium sized bombs on the out-
skirts of Honolulu. There were no
casualties and no damage except
a few broken windows."
army will fight to the bitter end."
It was estimated that at least 85,000
Japanese were pitted against only
50,000 Allied troops.
(There was no explanation of Hel-
frich's "special mission." He had
taken over the Allied naval command
on Feb. 11 from U. S. Admiral
Thomas C. Hart.
(An authorized Netherlands state-
ment issued in London said the Jap-
anese had sent an immense number
of cruisers, destroyers and submar-
ines to Java; that the two Dutch
cruisers lost ran across a submarine
line after carrying out a successful
attack and that the Japanese fleet
had successfully risked "leaving Ja-
pan itself uncovered.")
Situation Is Grave
The afternoon communique from
Dutch military headquarters made
no effort to conceal the rising na-
ture of the crisis.
"About fighting in the invasion
area of Java," this bulletin said, "it
can .only be reported today that our
troops fight with stubborn resistance
and in offensive spirit.
"Nevertheless, the enemy succeed-
ed in making some headway at some
points as a result of his numerical
superiority, especially in the air."
Volunteer British home guard
troops who had participated in the
fighting at Soebang, 40 miles south
of the enemy's central beachhead at
Indramajoe and within 30 miles of
Bandoeng itself, declared that when
their detachment had left that scene
of action half the village had been
recaptured by the Allies and that
Japanese infiltration troops were be-
ing encircled and destroyed.
Japs Force Crossing
Of Sittang River
MANDALAY, Burma, March 4.-
(I)-The British have lost the west
bank of the Sittang River near its
mouth in the Gulf of Martaban and
the Japanese have reached Waw,
halfway between the river and Pegu
and 9 miles by road from the semi-

Hate Will Lower Morale:
Shepard Attacks Plan To Instill
Enemy Hatred In Flying Cadets

Vigorously attacking a U. S. Navy
plan to hire psychologists to "engen-
der a hatred for our enemies" in avi-
ation cadets, Prof. John F. Shepard
of the psychology' department
clTarged yesterday that such a pro-
gram would lower morale in the
armed forces by making the men
"cynical of our entire war effort."
"They will come to despise every-
thing this country stands for," Shep-
ard declared, "because they will find
that we have fooled them and have
been dishonest with them. You can-
not expect these young men to haveI

one is fighting for a just cause, Pro-
fessor Shepard emphasized that "the
men in the armed forces need, more
than anything else, a critical under-
standing of the basic issues of the
present struggle."
Although he strongly objected to
the proposed "fake psychology train-
ing, Shepard admitted that there is
a need for some sort of lecture pro-
gram in Army and Navy camps, for
"too many of the soldiers and sailors
are in a daze as to just what we are
fighting for."
"Ilp.v . lk h ixe r rntc.

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