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December 15, 1941 - Image 2

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1941-12-15

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

T144 MTCUT(- A N n A TT_'V'

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Senate, House
Will Be Asked
VFPor 10 Billions
War-Fund Issue Approved
By Both Houses; Small
AdjustmentsNeeded
PassageExpected
WASHINGTON, Dec. 14.-AP)-The
first war fund bill-a ten-billion-
dollar item for more planes, ships,
guns and other equipment for battle
-is expected to get swift and final
approval from both branches of Con-
gress tomorrow.
The appropriation bill, in addition
to carrying funds to equip an army of
2,000,000 men and supply essential
material for another 1,200,000, also
will provide more material for lease-
lend aid to the nations allied against
the Axis powers. Both the Senate
and House already have acted on the
appropriation legislation, but because
there were minor differences in the
two bills both branches must approve
the final, compromised version.
Draft Extension
Once the big money bill it passed
and on its way to the White House,
the Congressional program calls for
qick action on the draft extension
bill,
Both the Senate and House Mili-
tary Committees have called meet-
ings for Monday to consider the legis-
lation whichwould require registra-
tion of all men 18 to 64 years of age,
inclusive, and would make those aged
19 to 44, inclusive, liable to military
service.
The admihistration's legislative
lieutepants hoped to have the draft
bill ready for.House consideration by
Tuesday.
Recess Out
Congress, abandoning any idea of
a holiday recess, settled itself to the
business of quickly enacting new and
revising old laws to fit the pattern
of modern all-out war.
High up on the list is legislation
authorizing President Roosevelt to
use some of the wartime powers
granted to Woodrow Wilson two dec-
ades ago. These powers would permit
the President to centralize control
r of all communication /and transpor-
tation systems, put a, statutory ban
on trading with enemy aliens, and to
shift various functions of government
agencies to coordinate the war effort.
Coimittees on both sides of Con-
gress are at work on this legislation.
The Senate and House Naval Com-
nittees have before them bills to
aufhorize construction of 900,000
additional tons of fighting ships. The
legislation mentions no cost limit
and leaves to the Navy Department's'
experts the allocation of the tonnage
among the various categories.

. k

Nazis Swept
From Soviet
CapitalSector
sians Claim Repetition
Of Napoleon's Retreat
By German Forces
MOSCOW, Monday, Dec. 15-())-
Rampant Red armies declared today
they had the Germans on the run in
a retreat approaching the scale of
Napoleon's cold and dismal retire-
ment, from Moscow and had over-
taken the backtracking Hitler legions
with a headlong campaign of exter-
mination.
A broadcast war bulletin of the of-
ficial information bureau declared
the Red Army had recaptured -he
railway station of Uzlovaya, 40 miles
southeast of Tula, Dubna to the west
of Tula, and Verkhove, northeast of
Livny, in a day-long battling which
raged on all fronts.
Uzlovaya and Dubna are in the sec-
tor about 100 miles south of Moscow,
and Verkhove is in the Orel sector
about 200 miles south of the capital,
where other Soviet broadcasts de-
clared 400 villages and towns have
been taken in the Red Army's sweep.
Capture of Verkhove followed the an-
nouncement yesterday that the Ger-
mans had been driven out of Livny.
In addition, the Russian's Black
Sea fleet was reported vigorously in
action. The communique said a naval
unit had sunk a huge 25,000-ton Nazi
transport.
On the southern flank the Sea of
Azov port of Taganrog, 40 miles west
of Rostov, was said to be completely
surrounded by Red army forces.
In the Yelets area some 200 miles
south of the capital, the Moscow radio
reported, cavalry-supported troops
have retaken more than 400 villages
and towns in a savage counter-offen-
sive which has wiped out two battal-
ions of German infantry.
The bureau's bulletin added that
troops defending besieged Leningrad
in the north had killed 400 Nazis in
driving the Germans out of a forti-
fied position identified officially only
as "N."
(The German High Command re-
ported "good success" in artillery at-
tacks on military objectives around
Leningrad and shipping in the Cri-
mean port of Sevastopol. "Otherwise,"
the communique said, "war activity
was restricted to defense against lo-
cal enemy attacks.")
The Red Army assault, which the
official radio said is "giving the Ger-
mans no respite by day or night," ap-
peared to be strongest on the southern
flank where Nazi forces are seeking
to establish a new line along the Mius
river.

Draft..
(Continued from Page 1)
and tomorrow with the present draft
age limits of 21 to 35," Hershey said.
Secretary of War Stimson request-
ed Congress last week to enact legis-
lation for the registration of all men
from 18 to 64, inclusive, and mak-
ing those from 19 to 44. inclusive,
subject to military training and serv-
ice. This registration. Hershey said,
would apply to 41.000 000 men, in-
cluding the 17,500,000 who already
have registered.
But the program as of today, Her-
shey. exnlained, calls for the induc-
tion of the remaining 1.000.000 ink, the
21 to 27 age brackets; then eligibles
in the group from 28 to 35, will be
called up, and next the 1,000,000 who
become 21 each year.
"Having done that, you ought to
have a full year's supply of men,"
Hershey said.
In the meantime, there will be a
continuing reexamination of men de-
ferred because of dependency, em-
ployment in vital defense industries
and minor physical disabilities.
"We must go at this thing calmly
and cooly," Hershey said. "We must
not take every man regardless of his
physical condition or no matter how
many dependents he has. But on
the,other hand, we have many, many
cases where the dependency looks a'
little fishy-where people seem to be
living together because of conveni-
ence."
One of his aides said that employ-
ers should start thinking about re-
placing men now deferred with older
men and perhaps women.
flershey himself said that Selective
Service might have to do a little "po-
licing" of industry's requests for de-
ferment of men in vital jobs.
Nazi Attack On Jews
Makes French Uneasy
VICHY, Unoccupied Fr&nce, Dec.
14.-(P-The Petain Government in
in official communique tonight stated
that an order of German authorities
for the execution of 100 "Jewish com-
munists and anarchists" in occupied
France provokes "profound uneasi-
ness among Frenchmen."
Furthermore, the communique said,
the F-'ench government has expressed
its sentiment to the German authori-
ties.
The Germans announced yesterday
that the 100 would be shot in occu-
pied France in sweeping reprisal exe-
cutions for "recent attacks against
the 6ccupation troops." At the same
time, a fine of 1,000,000,000 francs
($20,000,000) was imposed on Jews
in the occupied zone.

Japanese ... State Of War
(Continued from Page 1)Aet
out of commission in the week-old Child Crim e
war of the Pacific.C lr
A headquarters communique said1
the latest naval damage inflicted How the war may affect juvenle
upon American forces included the delinquency in the United States was
sinking of a submarine by a Japanese described yesterday by Prof. A. E.
destroyer off the Philippines on Sat- Wood, of the sociology department,
urday. who cited figures for delinquency in
Navy planes which attacked Nich- England in the first year of the war.
ols airport at Manila Saturday shot E Professor Wood referred to an ar-'
down a United States Interceptor and ticle by the New York Herald Tri-
down a United StaesIntrcptoadt .Willinm

II

destroyed 43 planes on the ground,
including nine of the "latest type,"I
the communique said. Two of Japan's
planes were missing from the raid, it
was declared.
Mass air raids also werc made on
BMergui and Victoria airdromes in
British Burma on the west coast of
the narrow Malay peninsula by army
planes and two transporits were sunk
in an attaclh on Penang Island off the
west coast of Malaya, said the com-
munique. Kuantan airdrome on the
east coast of Malaya also was raided.
(Authoritative military quarters in
London said the Japanese had made
an 'advance over the Burma border
in the vicinity of Victoria. The Japa-
nese evidently were attempting to
broaden their hold on the narrow Kra
isthmus of thet.Malay peninsula in
order to widen the land space separ-
ating British forces in Malaya and
Burma.
Greek..
(Continued from Page 1)
Greece, opposing patriot armies wag-
ing small scale war.
TI Yugoslav government in exile
decla ed that under Mihailovic, Serb
resistance had reached the propor-
tions of full-blown military operations
and could no longer be regarded as
mere guerilla warfare. .
(Greece, according to the BritishI
radio as heard in New York by CBS,
"Eighteen German and Italian di-
visions are being kept busy trying to
choke the revolt there." Quoting
Emmanuel Tsouderos, Premier of
the Greek government in exile, the
broadcast said a "regular small-scale
war is on in Greece."
Kendall Called To Capital
'Prof. Henry M. Kendall of the Geo-
graphy department will leave Dec. 19
for Washington where he has been
called to act as consultant for the
Office of Coordination of Informa-
tion.

I unesi ,on on correspon w im en am
W. White, who stated that "the in-
crease in crime in the fourteen to
seventeen-year-old age group was 22
per cent in the first year of war over
the last year of peace."
The greatest single factor contri-
buting to England's mounting juven-
ile delinquency is excessive wages paid
to teen-age workers, White asserted.
Youths earn more in two or three
days than they could earn in a week
in peace time.
High wages promote juvenile ab-
senteeism-one of England's biggest
production bugaboos. Then too, young
people have learned to scorn steady
employment and when their over-paid
jobs end, sooner or later become
thieves, White added.
Other reasons are suggested by Pro-
fessor Wood as causes of delinquency.
"Loose money, free time," and slack-
ening of discipline at home since fa-
thers have joined the forces and mo-
thers are engaged in war industries
are blamed.
"In fact," Professor Wood asserted,
"prosperity is as conducive to juven-
ile delinquency as depression."

Engine Society
To Hear Talk
By Kirkpatrick
War Uses Of Magnesium
To Be Lecture Topic
For AIChE President
University chemical and metallur-
gical engineers will receive a special
introduction to "Magnesium, the
Cinderella Metal" at 6:15 p.m) to-
day in the Union when S. D. Kirk-
patrick, national president of the
American Institute of Chemical En-
gineers addresses the annual joint
banquet meeting of the AIChE and
AIME.
With national engineering interest
in the metal at a new peak because
of the important part magnesium is
playing in war production, Michigan
engineers are even more concerned
because of the prominent part played
by the Dow Chemical Co. in Midland
.in developing a process to obtain
the metal from sea-water.
In order to make the wonders of
the important metal even more clear,
Mr. Kirkpatrick, who is editor-in-
chief of the Chemical and Metal-
lurgical magazine in addition to be-
ing national president of the AIChE,
will show a series of moving pictures
depicting various points of his talk.
Indicative of the role now played
by magnesium, a large plant for ex-
tracting the metal from sea-water
is now being constructed in Texas
under government supervisiop. N
Continuing an annual tradition, the
AIChE will present an award to its
junior member with the highest
scholastic average at the banquet,
president Bill Collamore, '42E, has
announced.
Tic1gets may be obtained today in
Room 2028, East Engineering Build-
ing, or from members of the two so-
cieties. It is also planned to have a
ticket table in the lobby of the East
Engineering Building.

Local Group
Will Sponsor
Service Plan
University fraternities and sorori-
ties will be given a chance to supply
reading matter to the University Hos-
pital and Health Service today, to-
morrow and Thursday through the
latest project of Alpha Phi Omega,
national service fraternity.
Under the supervision of Jack Nor-
ton, '43E, and Bill Ager, '43, old
magazines will be picked up from
the various houses starting this eve-
ning, and will be distributed to the
Hospital and Health Service to be
read by patients.
U'rging full cooperation from every-
one, Dick Schoel, '43E, president of
Alpha Phi Omega, requested that
the houses bundle up the magazines
they intend to submit and tie them
so as to facilitate pick-up.
All fraternities and sororities will
be informed of the time of pick-up
by telephone, Schoel said. It is
planned to continue the project in
the future if the success of this ini-
tial venture warrants it.
Capt. Gillespie To Speak
On Air Corps Enlistment
Students who want to enlist in the
Army Air Corps will have an oppor-
titnity to do so when Capt. R. L.
Gillespie, district recruiting officer,
speaks at 8 p.m. tomorrow at the
Union.
Captain Gillespie will have appli-
cation blanks with him for those
interested. All students are urged
to attend to find out facts about the
Army Air Corps. Capain Gillespie
will show two colored movies of life
at Cal-Aero Field in California, and
is on hand particularly to answer all
questions about the~Air Cbrps.
Those interested in obtaining in-
formation on enlisting may do so at
the same time.

Ca o .

. .

iregent Student Publications Bldg.
Represents L ong Years Of Endeavor

CAIRO, Egypt, Dec. 1,4-()-Ger-
man and Italian forces stubbornly
withdrawing Uom eastern Libya
turned about and fought savage rear
guard actions southwest of Gazala,
the British reported today, but their
positions were said to be threatened
by an encircling movement.
Military quarters said tanks and in-
fantry were about three quarters of
the way around the Axis string of
defenses stretching 40 miles from
Gazala on the coast into the desert.
Hard fighting was said to be taking.
place at two main centers of resis-
tance, at Gazala itself, which is about
100 miles west of the Egyptian border,
and southwest of Gazala.
The communique still said the Bri-
tish were closing in on Gazala.
- In fighting farther east, about 500
troops were captured, 18 guns taken
and a number of Italian tanks de-
stroyed at Bir Hacheim, 40 milesE
southeast of Tobruk.
(A London military spokesman also
repqrted the capture of the Axis fron-
tier post of Ghirba in the Salum area
where a few beleaguered Germans
and Italians still are holding their
barbed wire and trench systems de-
spite shortage of water.)
(German and Italian communi-
ques declared the British had been
repulsed in their attacks "west of
Tobruk.")
The British bombed Axis transports
heavily along the Bomba-Derna road
west of Gazala, the Derna airport,
and three southwestern Greek ports,
Argostoli, Methone and Navarino.
Hance Is Guest Speaker
Prof. Kenneth G. Hance, of the
Speech Department, was a guest
speaker this weekend at the Univer-
sity of Missouri's annual Debaters'
Assembly. Professor Hance spoke on
"What Happens to Debaters."
MICHIGA N
NOW SHOWING!

1~

s /

Mika do-it's Not Good
ForMichigan Citizens

I

eAX

r

MIKADO, Dec. 14-(AP)-This Al-
cona county village, which wad christ-
ened 55 years ago in honor of the
Emperor of Japan, wants to Change
Its name.
Its 125 citizens are distressed that
Mikado is a symbol of a nation with'
which the United States is at war.
A movement is under way to re-name
the town "Roosevelt."
rt yl ,ii r.rfi. ~ r '

f >-
t

CLASSIFIED
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$ .40 per 15-word insertion for
one or two days. (In-
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additional 5words.)
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additional 5 words.)
Contract Rates on Request
Our Want-Ad Depai'tment
will be happy to assist you in
composing your ad. Stop at the
Michigan Daily Business Of-
fice, 420 Maynard Street.

By BARBARA JENSWOLD
Student journalists in 1903 may not
have been able to picture the present
Student Publication's Building, but
they did show the foresight which 28
years later resulted in concrete ac-
tion in the raising of the new head-
quarters for The Daily, Michiganen-
sian and Gargoyle.
It was just ten years ago that the
first shovelful of dirt was removed to
make way, at 420 Maynard Street, for
the $180,000 building.
Behind the actual-building process,
however, lies a long history of stu-
dent endeavor, pointed toward the
goal of making Michigan student
publications what they are, both to
the campus and as related to the
country as* whole.
The first attempt to organize a stu-
dent paper on the campus was in
1867, when the Chronicle appeared.
This was followed, in 1882, by the
Michigan Argonaut, another weekly
FLOWERS Spread Holiday Cheer-
VARSITY FLOWER SHOP has an
assortment of cheery cut blooms,
winter violets, and poinsetta plants
-moderately priced. Just Call 4422.
FLOWERS are the perfect gift for
" all women. Add the personal touch1
to your Xmas gift this year with a
bouquet or corsage from UNIVER-
SITY FLOWER SHOP, INC., 606
E. Liberty.
PAJAMA SETS . ..3 pieces in cotton
quilted at $5.95, in seersucker at
$3.95, and in broadcloth at $2.95.
SMARTEST HOSIERY SHOPPE,
Mich. Theatre Bldg.
OUR FINEST STOCK in years is
waiting for your inspection. Gifts
for every writing need and original

representing a rifal faction; and a
battle for recognition ensued.
Within the Chronicle staff itself,
too, there arose a controversy on rep-
resentation. It had been customary
to appoint the managing editor and
business manager from the fraternity
faction one semester and from tpe
non-fraternity group the other, but
when, in 1889-90, the question came
up as to which group would gain the
leading positions for the second sem-
ester, the independents left the staff
and boycotted -the paper. In the
spring of 1890 the University of Mich-
igan Independent Association was
formed, with a weekly paper one of
its projects.
In the meantime the Chronicle and
the Argonaut combined to put out
a tni-weekly paper. Forced by com-
petition, the U. of M. Independent
altered, its policy to present a daily
newspaper. Soon the name was
changed to the non-partisan U. of M.
Daily, and later to The Michigan
Daily.
Although the paper was run forI
profit, any gain disappeared each.
year in the form of staff beer parties,
till in 1903 the University purchased
the paper and established a Board
in Control of Student Publications:
Under the direction of Prof. Edson
R. Sunderland, business manager of
the Board, the paper's savings were
put into the special fund which in
1923 made possible the purchase of a
Hopwood
Not 0es
Saturday marked the close of lo-
cal Mimes Week, when Ray Ing-
ham's prize Hopwood story, "Full
House," was presented for the fifth
and most successful time.
Ingham, who copped a major award
with this script in last spring's conr-
test, proved his versatility by writ-
ing the lyrics to most of the songs
in the show and by quite capably
taking the part of "Doc," a diamond-
studded, bowler-hatted, W. C. Fields
type of character in the all-male cast.
* * c*

duplex press and in 1931-32 the build-
ing whichnow houses the three pub-
lications.
Although on April 22, 1932, staff
members and guests from among the
campus leaders were entertained by
Sigma Delta Chi, national honorary
journalistic society, at a Gridiron
Dance in the new building, it was not
until June 27, of the same year that
publications we're definitely estab-
lished in their new home. Previously
their offices had been at 317 May-
nard Street, on the second floor of.
the Ann Arbor Press Building.
Thus, when summer school students
received their first Daily on June 27,
1932, it was a product of the new
facilities of the paper. For its first
summer under the new arrangements,
moreover, the paper was run for the
first time by professionals, three
graduate journalists directing the
work to assure a better paper as a
positive financial move.
Since then' The Daily and its fellow
publications have expanded year by
year in an effort to represent fully
the student body and to feel that the
service they have offered has repaid
the efforts of their respective pio-
neers.

k-
STom Harmon * Professor Slosson
By BERYL SHOENFI ELD
Two mike personalities unearthed Nader. r But this is a simple task
at Morris Hall will be exposed to you for the man who can give the high-
in this column. We'introduce to you lights of world history covering 3,478
the Kings of Brain and Brawn. years in 45 minutes, sans script.
* * * * * *
Prof. Preston W. Slosson is a re- In contrast is another local mike
markable man. celebrity, speech major Tom 'Har-
I Each Monday, Wednesday and Fri- mon. The all-American halfback
day he arrives at the campus studio, (greatest since Red Grange),- reads
removes his inevitable grey fedora his script in a resonant, pleasing
with its brim curling up all 'way voice, always to a crowd of admirers.
'round, begins to broadcast an inter- A hat figures in his broadcasting rit-
pretation of world news promptly at ual too; he keeps his flexible model
6:15 over WWJ, courtesy of Sam's on the back of his head and through-
Cut Rate. out his sport survey twists, rolls,
The mike gallery marvels at his folds, and similarly exercises the
brilliant history teacher who presents brim.
his understandable original version Harmpn, who has been employed
of current events over the air extent- by the Ford Motor Company as
poraneously. With never a note to sports announcer to supplement
guide . him, Slosson broadcasts his Harry Wismer over WJR, must ex-
well-outlined critique without repeti- change his comparatively new career
tions or unnecessary pauses and fin- for a defense program position as
ishes right on the nose, every time. member of the Army Air Corp. He
His perfect timing is a constant leaves in one month for training
source of delight to technician Frank camp.
BRAHMS
SYMPHONY NO. 4
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Album of Three 12" Records - $3.67
BEETHOVEN
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PLAYED BY PADEREWSKI
Album of Two 12" Records - $2.62
SRilAUSS
WALTZES PLAYED BY KOSTELANETZ
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_ :

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i tfe ent m
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setlto MIs
It'§ a From the best-

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NOW!
CLAUDETTE
SKCYLARKS
with two men.
ata time!

TYPING
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MISS ALLEN-Experienced typist.
408 S. Fifth Ave. Phone 2-2935.
90e
VIOLA STEIN-Experienced legal
typist, also mimeographing. Notary
public Phone 6327. 706 Oakland.
MISCELLANEOUS
MIMEOGRAPHING -Thesis bind-

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