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November 06, 1941 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1941-11-06

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Editorial
'iMothers Of Aiiica'

VOL. LII. No. 34 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, 'HURSDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1941 -323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

U.S. Treasury
Recommends
New Tax Bill
Of 5_Billions
Morgenthau Asks Passage
Of Anti-Inflation Levy;
PayrollsToCarry Load
Both Corporations,
Individuals To Pay
-BULLETIN
The United Press reported last
night that the Treasury had pre-
sented to Congress-along with a
request for immediate action-
a new $4,800,000,000 tax bill
which would boost already stiff
individual and corporate income
taxes and social security levies.
Biggest item in the program
would be a new income tax to be
taken out by employers from
monthly payrolls. This would
raise between $2,000,000,000 and
$3,000,000,000.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 5-(P)-Sec-
retary of the Treasury Morgenthau
and several aides held a secret ses-
sion with the House Ways and Means
Committee late today, members said,
and discussed the possibility of early
Congressional action on a new anti-
inflation tax program to raise about
$6,000,000,000.
Fourteen of the committee's 25
members were present and some of
them said a decision would be made
tomorrow on the Treasury's request
that action be started on the new
pla nat once.,
One member said the Treasury of-
ficials expressedk the hope the bill
could be enacted in time to put some,
of the proposed taxes into effect in
January. He said there was little pos-
sibility Congress would act with such
speed, however.
Another member, who said the
Treasury proposal called for taxes
amounting to about $4,800,000,000.
asserted they involved chiefly higher
Social Security levies and incoW,
taxes. Other members said, how-
ever, the group discussed a wide var-
iety of proposals, including compul-
sory savings plans under which taxes
would be deducted by employers from
their workers' pay envelopes. A gen-
eral manufacturers' excise levy also
was talked of, it was reported.
Legislators said the Treasury based
its appeal for the huge n9ew bill, al-
most double the' $3,500,000,000 de-
fense tax bill enacted a few months
ago, on the threat of inflation.
U.S.-Japanese Relations
Hold Congress In Capitol
WASHINGTON, Nov. 5-(P)-Ad-
ministration leaders have decided to
hold Congress in session indefinitely,

Germans Claim Gains In Crimea;
Soviet Holds Fast On Central Front

'Kurusu, Japanese Envoy,
Leaves For United States
To Ease Pacific Situation

* * *

* *

KURSK20
3. MILES
KHARKOV STALINGRAD 10
- ..
ROSTOV
:zov KRASJ ODARQ
CRIM..EA
SEVASTOPOL
TIFL1S MIS
S-"
-.
13/a& Sea .ATUM
-1
.ANKARA TABRZ....
T UR KEY
- I R AN M
While the Moscow radio claimed that the German drive on the Central Front had been brought to a
standstill and that Nazi troops were entrenching in an effort to hold what gains they had made, Germany
claimed that their Crimean offensive had broken through to the Black Sea over the Yaila Mountains. On the
approaches to the main Soviet ports of Sevastopol an d Kerch, however, Hitler's legions appeared to have
been halted. Nevertheless, the German march over the Yailas represented an important strategical gain, for
it would enable the Nazis to cut the Soviet defending troops into three parts. The German offensive against
Rostov also appeared to have been temporarily halted. Soviet reports this morning claimed that the Ger-
mans in the Donets Basin (possibly near Rostov) were in full retreat.
At day's end it appeared that Hitler had passed for the time being from the offensive to the defensive
7rJ im ihino - na n nfin n dn n n~ t- -- - " -o1 "f -^ - - - nf ne r----- o . ...... {.- - e - . - -

___- Q

- I

Slogan Of SDD Rally WillBe
'Win The War-Win The Peace'

WASHINGTON, Nov. 5. -(IP)--
The White House today labeled as
important the speech which Presi-
dent Roosevelt is to deliver at &
p.m. (EST),. tomorrow to the In-
ternational Labor Office delegates.
All three major radio chains will
carry the speech, it was announced.,
because of the crisis in Japanese-
American relations, informed sources
said today.
The decision came as a surprise, in-
asmuch as some House leaders had
talked previously of knocking off leg-
islative work for the balance of the
year, as soon as the neutrality and
price control measures were out of
the way.
Influential Democratic legislators,
who asked that their names be with-
held, said that under present plans
there would be nothing more than
three-day recesses for either the Sen-
ate or House in the near future.
Chinese Troops Said
To Be Aiding Russians
NEW YORK, Nov. 5-(P)-Round-
about reports from unidentified sour-
ces were received in New York to-
night to the effect Chinese troops
are going to the aid of Russia against
the German invaders.
The M&orocco radio said the Chinese
would send 40,000 troops to Russia,
asserting its information came from
China dispatches which said the gen-
eral commanding the Chinese 18th
army had made the decision to send
help.
T 3+~t)' 1thL1 ic a in_ f~ hnio.A bc s I r

i
1

ana was ignting a hom ing action t
4: * <
(By The Associated Press)
The Germans. claimed last night
that their central offensive in the
Crimea had broken through to the
Black Sea over the 5,000-foot-high
Yaila Mountains somewhere be-
tween Kerch and Sevastopol, but
there was no evidence of progress of
consequence for the drives directly
upon those major ports.
Moreover, a strong improvement in
the Russian position about Moscow
was plainly suggested both by Ger-
man silence as to that theatre and by
a Sovietdeclaration that theNazis
had been halted everywhere along the
Central Front and were urgently dig-
ging in, even emplacing tanks as
stationary pillboxes, in an effort to
hold what gains they had made.
Hitler, it appeared, had passed at
least for the time being from the of-
fensive to the defensive and was for
the moment fighting a mere holding
action in the hope of preventing the
possible shift of troops from about
Moscow to the South.
As to the Crimea the available in-I
formation plainly implied that on the
approaches to both Sevastopol, the
main Soviet Black Sea naval base,
and Kerch, which stands at the
northeastern extremity of the pen-
insula and is separated by only two
miles of water from the Western
Caucasus, the Nazis had come down
to a substantial halt.
As much was indicated by Berlin's
Draft Board
Calls \Signals
For Harmon
Michigan's Tom Harmon, who
spends his evenings sportscasting over
WJR, his Saturdays airing Michigan
grid tilts, his Sundays playing pro-
football and his spare time fighting
with his draft board, is going to
spend some time
with Uncle Sam.
For yesterday
Tom's draft board
in Gary, Ind., sent
him notice that he
will be eligible for
induction into the
a Army Nov. 19.
In Detroit, how-
ever, it was an-
nounced that Gary
Flash I has ap-
plied for enlist-
ment in United
Tom Harmon States Air Corps,
and passed his physical examination.
Under the rules of the game, Tom
has until Nov. 8to enlist.
Harmon, who is building a home
in Ann Arbor for his parents, had
applied for deferment from the Army
on the grounds that he was the sole

own accounts and by Soviet reports
that these thrusts had materially
slackened. The explanation seemed
to be that the Nazis had reached
the outer fringes of strong defensive
systems to which the Russians had
been falling back in a retreat which
was now ending.
Before both Sevastopol and Kerch,
British informants said, the Soviet
Marshal Semeon Timoshenko had
completed the reorganization of
strong and effective forces and was
ready now to join major battle.
Nevertheless, the German march
Upton, Eyster
Voted To Posts
Freshmen Will Represent
Class On Engine Council
David Upton and James Eyster,
both '45E, were elected to positions
on the Engineering Council as repre-
sentatives of the freshman class in
the College of Engineering elections
held yesterday.s
Over 400 votes were cast in the
voting, election committee chairman
Verne C. Kennedy, '42E, reported,
and all ninecandidates ran very
close in the final tabulation.
Unlike other engineering college
class elections, freshman elections are
held in weekly freshman assemblies,
attendance being compulsory. It is
because of this that the freshman
vote ran so much over the 200-vote
mark set by the senior balloting last
week.
Very good results 'were obtained
with regard to the new regulation
prohibiting electioneering, Kennedy
stated, and no infractions were re-
ported.

to prevent thle shitinzg of meCUitroops irui n ear Mvoscow to the Ci..mea.
O>

over the Yailas would represent an
important strategical gain for it would
put the invaders in position to take
from the rear the Yaila positions,
which are among the strongest in the
Crimea, and likewise would mean the
Soviet army had been cut into three
sections.
The German tentacles were far
spread: one, trying 'to break through
to Kerch, was pointed almost due
east from the vicinity of the town of
Feodosiya some 55 miles away. A
second, headed straight for Sevasto-
pol, was pointed southwest and obli-
quely in relation to that- declared to
have scaled the Yailas.
There was no special news during
the day of the older German offen-
sive operating north of the Crimea
and eastward along the Azov Sea to-
Rostov on the River Don; it, too,
apparently was going nowhere at the
moment.
The Soviet reported this morning
that somewhere in the Donets Basin
-and thus possibly about Rostov-
the Germans were in retreat "leaving
behind them heaps of dead and many
guns." Heavy German losses in the
entire Donets area were claimed.
The day brought new developments
in hemisphere naval matters.
Thirteen Senior Engineers
Tapped ByVulcan Society
Thirteen engineers were tapped last
night by Vulcan, senior engineering,
society.
Those who were tapped are Dean
Ivan C. Crawford, Wilbert E. Acker-
man, Stanton Allen, John S. Burn-
ham, William G. Collamore, Robert
L. Collins, Henry T. Fielding, Thom-
as H. Gamon, George D. Gotschall,
Robert C. Kietch, Verne C. Kennedy,
Carl Iohrbach and Alexander C.
Wilke.

For the first time in the history of
the University, Armistice Day will
find students and townspeople alike
attending a rally which has for its
slogan, not "peace at any price," but.
rather, "Win the War-Win the
Peace."
Putting equal emphasis upon the
necessity of a decisive victory over
Hitler and the importance of obtain-
ing a just peace settlement afterward,
the Student Defenders of Democracy
is sponsoring the rally, which will
feature talks by Prof. Bryan Rust
of Wayne University, Prof. Preston
Slosson of the history department,
Don O'Connor, '42, and music by the
University Band.
Professor Rust, long an advocate
of strong international organization
to guarantee the peace of the world
and now an ardent interventionist,
[has gained considerable recognition
throughout the nation as a public
speaker. In June of this year he ac-
cepted a special.invitation to address
Faculty Men
To Meet Here
For Convention
Michigan, Ohio Professors
Gather For Conference;
Dean Yoakum To Spoak
Delegates from 27 Ohio and seven
Michigan universities and colleges
will meet here Saturday' in a regional
conference of the American Associ-
ation of University Professors.
Dean Clarence S. Yoakum of the
Graduate School is scheduled to de-
liver a welcoming address opening the
morning session of the meeting at 10
a.m. in the Ballroom of the Union.
He is to be followed by Prof. M. M.
Knappen, of Michigan State College,
speaking on "Tenure and the Prob-
lem of the Instructor." A discussion
will be led by Prof. Henry Owens from
Michigan State Normal College.
At luncheon at 12:15 p.m., also in
the ballroom of the Union, K. C.
Pennebaker, director of Civil Service
in Minnesota, will discuss "The Gen-
eral Principles of Personnel Evalua-
tion."
The delegates are to hear two talks
at the afternoon session. Prof. Fred-
erick S. Deibler from Northwestern
University; who is president of the
association, will present "A Message
From Headquarters," while Prof. Vic-
tor D. Hill from Ohio University is
scheduled to follow with "The Evalu-
ation of Faculty Services."
MICHIGANENSIAN TRYOUTS
All eligible students interested
in working on the 'Ensian are re-
quested to attend the general staff
meetings to be held at 4:15 p.m.
every Monday. At this time they
will be acquainted with the vari-
ous types of work connected with
the yearbook.

v
'

a joint session of the New Hampshire
Legislature.
He has been active in the peace-
through - international - organization
movement ever since his return from
active duty in France at the end
of the last war. It is his firm con-
viction today that lasting peace and
a democratic world order can only
be attained if the United States helps
Great Britain and Russia defeat Ger-
many and its allies.
Rust was the originator of the pe-
tition which urged Congress to wage
"total war on Hitler now" and was
signed by 275 members of the Wayne
and Michigan faculties.
Professor Slosson, well known
among the students of the University
and a nationally recognized historian
and authority on international or-
ganization, will demand that we
"Make the Peace Stick."
Like Rust, Slosson has long advo-
cated world organization for peace
and is now an interventionist. He
was a member of the Wilson peace
delegation to Paris after the last war.
At present, in addition to his teach-
ing duties, he broadcasts three times
a week over WJR.
The third speaker on the rally pro-
gram-Don O'Connor, '42,-will look
at the war and the peace from the
student's point of view. As treasurer
of the Student Defenders of Demo-
cracy, he has taken an active part in
the fight for greater aid to the anti-
fascist nations.
The local meeting will coincide
with student rallies on other campus-
es all over the countryt. By far the
largest of these is the one which is
to be held in New York City under
the sponsorship of the American
Youth for Freedom, of which the
Student Defenders of Democracy is a
member.
The New York rally is to be broad-
cast and will feature such speakers
as Dorothy Thompson, Sergeant Al-
lan York, Herbert Agar, Robert Wag-
ner, Jr. and Peter Flynn.
Movie Tickets'
Price Reduced
Lloyd, Keaton Comedies
To Be Shown Sunday
Famed American comedians act-
ing in some of their most applauded
productions will make up the re-
maining offerings of the Art Cinema
League's comedy series.
The League will present the last
three numbers in the series at 6:30
p.m. Sunday, Nov. 23 and Jan. 18 as
a supplement to the regular 8:15
presentations.
Season tickets for the earlier per-
formances are on sale at a reduced
price in the League, Union and a
State Street book store.
Harold Lloyd and Buster Keaton
are the headliners in Sunday's farces,
"Grandma's Boy," and "Sherlock Jr."
Four of Charlie Chaplin's early
films-"The Tramp," "A Woman,"
"The Bank," and "Police"-will make
up the feature program Nov. 23.
Jan. 18, about the time you can
use some hearty laughs-before fin-
als-the League will present Sidney
and Mrs. Drew in Frank Capra's "The
Professional Patient." "The Strong
Man," Capra's first experiment in the
creation of a full-length comedy,
stars Harry Langdon, and completes
the bill.
Blind Man Elected
New Akron Mayor
AKRON, Nov. 5-(AP)-A blind man
is going to be Mayor of Akron. George
J. Harter, 58-year-old Democratic
state legislator who entered politics
after becoming blind 10 years ago
has ousted Lee D. Schroy, three-
term Republican, thereby upsetting
most experts' predictions.

Electors in this heavily unionized
"rubber capital," many of them re-
membering Harter's consistent sup-
port of labor-endorsed measure in

Takes Special Clipper Ship
As Grew, Hull Confer
Over Radio-Telephone
last Peace Effort'
Is ManilaOpinion
- BULLETIN -
NEW YORK, Nov. 5. --(P)--
The Tokyo radio said tonight
Japanese observers have aband-
oned every hope for some sort of
an understanding with the Unit-
ed States in the light .of the hos-
tility of American public opinion
toward Japan.
The radio, heard by NBC, also
said thee observers predict a
showdown between the two coun-
tries is inevitable in the very
near future.
TOKYO, Nov. 5--(P)-Saburo Kur-
usu, the dapper diplomat who signed
the Axis alliance for Japan, is flying
to the United States in a new hurry-
up effort to ease the admittedly "very
serious situation" in the Pacific, it
was announced today.
The urgency of his mission was be-
tokened by the fact that the China
Clipper was being held two days at
Hongkong to make connections with
the plane in which Kurusu already
is en route from Tokyo. This was ar-
ranged last night in a radio-telephone
conference between U. S. Ambassador
Joseph C. Grew in Tokyo and Sec-
retary of State Cordell Hull in Wash-
ington, a Japanese government
spokesman said.
(Although Kurusu signed the Axis
treaty he is not considered either
strongly pro-Axis or anti-American.
He has held posts in the United
States and married an American wo-
man.
(Secretary Hull said the United,
States had nothing to do with Kur-
usu's mission except to extend the
usual courtesies of travel. Sources
close to Hull said the Pacific situ-
ation was at such a critical stage that
the less said about it the better.)
Simultaneously, the Japan Times
and Advertiser, organ of the foreign
Affice, boldly called on the United
States to "take the right turn in the
:oad" or "face the alternatives."
The gist of a seven-point program,
which the paper said the United
States must adopt if any agreement
were reached, called for withdrawal
>f American influence from the Far
East, recognition of Japanese mii-
ary, diplomatic and economic con-
luests of the past decade, and acqu-
oscence in Japan's "new order" for
treater East Asia.
Nazi U-Boats
Comse Closer
To Nova Scotia
TORONTO, Nov. 5-(IP)-German
submarines, already reported seen
from the Newfoundland Coast, will
be operating close to Nova Scotia
within a short time, the Chief of the
Canadian Naval Staff predicted to-
day after the christening of a cor-
vette designed to fight U-boats.
(If U-boats reach Nova Scotian
waters, they would be adjacent to
areas of the United States. The West-
ern coast of Nova Scotia is about 50
miles from the easternmost point of
the United States and almost the
same distance from Campobello Is-
land, New Brunswick, where Presi-
dent Roosevelt has a summer home.
Cape Sable, southern tip of Nova
Scotia, 'is about 250 miles east of
Portland, Me.)
"The battle (of the Atlantic) is
growing ever more intense until to-
day we have German submarines op-

erating adjacent to the Straits of
Belle Island and in the vicinity of
Newfoundland," Rear Admiral Percy
Nelles, Chief of Canada's Naval Staff,
said at a dinner at Oakville, Ont. "It
is only a matter of a short time before
they will be close to our Nova Scotian
coast."
Earlier, when the corvette Oakville
was christened at Oakville, Navy
Minister Angus McDonald revealed

Marten Ten Hoor Blames Educators
For Much Of Present Day Ignorance

By HALE CHAMPION
and JOHN ERLEWINE
Deploring the sentimentality, vague-
ness, and ignorance of the American
people concerning democracy, Dean
Marten 'ten Hoor of Tulane Univer-
sity told delegates to the Parent Edu-
cation Institute here yesterday that
educators were partially at fault for
;his ignorance.
Dean ten Hoor contrasted the ideal
University with one organized under
the Nazi system and drew from that
contrast the conclusion that the very
essentials of education as we know
them will be lost if we fail to stop
the totalitarian threat.

program, warned that any attempt
by either parents or teachers to
strictly discipline youth would result
in demoralization rather than better
morale.
Another speaker of the opening
day was Eugene B. Elliot, Michigan
Superintendent of Public Instruction,
who stressed the importance of the+
new nation-wide citizenship program
designed to aid five million aliens.
Other featured speakers were Dr.
James D. Bruce, vice-president , in
charge of University relations, who
gave a brief history of adujt educa-
tion in Michigan; Ray O. Wyland,
Boy Scout executive, who outlined

construction of the World After the
War."
Developing Wednesday's theme,
"The Family," members discussed
"Education for Family Life," "The
Relation of Good Food to Behavior,"
and "The Development of Attitudes
Within the Family" in morning con-
ferences held at the Rackham Build-
ing.
Continuing the general theme of
the conference, "Man Remakes His
Environment," the conference today
will consider "The State."
Prof. Earnest A. Hooton, noted
author and anthropologist of Har-
vard University, will be the featured
speaker of today's session. Professor

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