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November 04, 1941 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1941-11-04

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THE MTCHTIAN _DAILY

TFFSi'i AV. VO'VF NTPr.R 4.' 1441

The Michigan Daily

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Letters To The Editor

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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
'The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by
carrier $4.00; by mail $5.00.
REPRESENTEDF OR NATIONkL ADVERT19ING 8Y
National Advertising Service, Inc.
, College Publishers Representative
420 MADISON AVE. NEW YORK. N. Y.
. MICAGO SosToN - Los ANGELES - SAN FRANCISCO
'1ember, Associated Collegiate Press, 1941-42

Editorial Staff

Emnile Geld
Alvin Dann
David Lachenbruch
Jay McCormick
Hal Wilson
Arthur Hill
Janet iatt :
Grace Miller .
Virginia Mitchell

* . Managing Editor
. Editorial Director
. . City Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
Sports Editor
. . Assistant Sports Editor
* . . .Women's Editor
. Assistant Women's Editor
. . . Exchange Editor

Daniel
James
Louise
Evelyn

Business Staffl
H. Huyett . . . Business Manager
B. Collins . Associate Business Manager
Carpenter . .Women's Advertising Manager
Wright . . Women's Business Manager

NIGHT EDITOR: MORTON ,MINTZ
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
only.
Freedom Of Seas
And America . .
T IS utterly inconsistent to wage an
undeclared naval war in the North
Atlantic and not to repeal the Neutrality Act.
The United States destroyer Reuben James is
at the bottom of the ocean today-"west of Ice-
land"-the victim of a Nazi torpedo. In the same
waters the U.S.S. Greer emerged unscathed from
a skirmish with German submarines and the
U.S.S. Kearny, was ripped by Nazi torpedoes.
Saturday the German government, in an ex-
traordinary statement from Adolf Hitler's head-
quarters, charged the torpedoed destroyers with
aggression against German naval units and ad-
mitted officially for the first time that Ger-
many's U-boats fired at the Kearny.
The German report might well have read,
"You asked for it, and we gave it." Certainly
this cannot be denied on our side of the Atlantic.
But it should not be forgotten why we asked for
it. Our naval units are in the Iceland area be-
cause we are committed as a people to the de-
struction of Hitler and because we are feeding
the materials of destruction to his declared
enemies.
The sinking of the Reuben James with the
loss of 76 men should not bring us any nearer
an actual declaration of war by Congress. For
the attack was not the unexpected, rather it
was the natural outcome of a foreign policy that
will not accept as law any war zone laid down
by Hitler. It should prove that the time has
come for the removal of all restraints on Amer-
ica's full exercise of the right of the freedom of
the seas, including the acts which prohibit the
arming of merchantman ships and the right to
enter combat zones and belligerent ports.
It is almost as inconsistent to carry on a naval
war in the face of the Neutrality Act as it is to
stand for the military destruction of Hitler, but
against a declaration of total war.
- Will Sapp
Arbitrate Trouble
Between Unions . .
A JURISDICTIONAL STRIKE involv-
ing the Brotherhood of Railway and
Steamships Clerks and the Teamsters' Union,
both affiliated with the American Federation of
Labor, resulted in the first strike violence in De-
troit in many,months. The teamsters refused to
agree to a settlement made by the clerks and
as a result a picket line was formed to stop the
clerks from going to work.
This strike fortunately is not in the defense
industries of Detroit, but it in itself represents a
serious problem of general union policy. Do the
labor unions expect to be in public favor when
they cannot themselves make up their own
minds about internal problems and thus cause
inconvenience and violence? Clearly they can-
not be expected to be heralded as the great
saviors of the working classes or even benefac-
tors of the worker when they are continually
bickering among themselves.
The jurisdictional strike of the intra-union
sort is foolish since it destroys the all-important
solidarity necessary to win demands from man-
agement, but of even greater dimension is the
inter-union strikes that often entangle AFL and
CI0 unions in expensive, damaging, unpopular
struggles. These inter-union conflicts are per-

Replies To Miss Slautterback ...
To the Editor:
, LTHOUGH I do not agree with the predom-
inantly interventionist flavor of current Daily
editorials I have maintained faith in the liberal
and intellectually honest writing of even the
America Nexters.
This morning, though, I received a severe
shock. When I turned to the editorial page I
was greeted by the statement that American
Democracy Cannot Survive War . . . Under this
assertion was an editorial by one H. J. Slautter-
back. I feel very sorry for a Daily with such
editorial writers; I feel very sorry for Miss
Slautterback, but not for the same reasons that
make her shed such crocodile tears for the poor
factory owner's unprofitable position.
Miss Slautterback declares that the only refuge
of the American people, the only thing that has
preserved what democracy is left us, is their in-
nate conservatism and their confidence in the
Constitution "that has guided the United States
through nearly 200 years of expansion."
While I realize what Miss Slautterback seems
not to, that the Constitution has expanded with
each decade of expansion of our nation, it is not
with our innate conservatism or this document
that the fate of American democracy rests, but
with the opposite, unceasing attachment to the
principles of liberal progress and social con-
sciousness. In the first half of the column next to
the Slautterback editorial lies the true reason
for the danger to free American institutions.
(Editor Note: This was the Washington Merry-
Go-Round about congressional delay on infla-
tion.)
Still hopefully,
- Lord of the Isles
Editor's Note: The following articles are excerpts
from long letters which had to be cut because of
space requirements.
Other Points Attacked
STATES RIGHTS . ... Undoubtedly govern-
ment is everywhere becoming centralized, per-
haps \ too centralized, but the automobile (by
abolishing localism) has done more than a dozen
wars to effect that. I quote from T. H. Reed,
formerly professor at the University of Michi-
;an: "The automobile has done more in two
decades to revolutionize the areas of local gov-
ernment than all the events of history since the
battle of Hastings." The great depression also
-ompelled the federal government to assume un-
usual powers. But while this may or may not be
unfortunate, I see no diminution of either liberty
or democracy in it. The worst invasions of civil
rights in this country have come from local gov-
ernments, and the federal courts have often in-
tervened on behalf of minorities locally perse-
cuted. I would rather trust my liberties to any-
one I can think of at Washington than to the
present Governor of Georgia or the present
mayor of Jersey City.
Capitalism, too, is a different matter. Every-
where in the world governments are, and have
been for two generations, interfering more and
more with the conduct of private business. I do
not view this process with the unmixed enthu-
siasm of the Socialist or Communist, for govern-
ments can be as wasteful, incompetent and
tyrannical as any private employer.. But the
process is not a negation of democracy; on the
contrary, it has meant in part an effort to curb
the gigantic power of private monopolies and
to protect the poor and weak from the conse-
cuences of cut-throat competition.
- Preston Slosson
potent struggles within the ranks of the organ-
izations'whose unity is vitally important.
WHAT CAN BE DONE? The only effective
remedy sounds hackneyed, but it is still
workable: sit down at the conference table. In
the case of such strikes as the Teamsters' in
Detroit let the AFL executive council quickly
determine which union is encroaching on the
other and hand down orders immediately to end
any trouble. This remedy is simple and work-
able through the pressure that the parent organ-
ization can exert.
The struggle between the AFL and the CIO is
of a much larger nature and the problem of
rapprochement is extremely difficult. But if the
two unions were to sit together at a conference

table, each thinking unselfishly and of long
range problems, at least a truce could be reached
so as to settle much of the trouble. If union
die-hards should block this sort of planning
they could be silenced by the participating
unions.
The jurisdictional strike problem must be set-
tled if the American labor movement is to pro-
gress. The union-baiting vultures are already
watching from the cliffs of the defense effort
and need little urging to come swooping down
on unions weakened through internal struggles
and lack of public support. For the unions' own
sake as well as the nation's, jurisdictional strikes
must be eliminated from the labor scene. Peace
must be made by unions fighting jursidictional
battles and it must be made in a peaceable
manner. - Leon Gordenker
Wage Control Opposition
Representative Wolcott of Michigan, senior
Republican member, says that fellow-Republi-
cans on the House Banking Committee are
opposed to any reference to wages in the admin-
istration's price-control bill. This follows re-
jection by the Republican members of the com-
promise proposal of the committee's chairman,
Representative Steagall of Alabama, to prohibit
wage increses which would result in higher

Democracy Will Survive .. .
To the Editor:
PROBABLY the greatest argument advanced
by Miss Slautterback is that: "In the hands
of a President already serving his third term, will
be placed*powers as great and inclusive as those
which Hitler exercises. Powers so complete that
with almost no further legislation the Presidency
of the United States can be turned into a dic-
tatorship." This is an argument which is often
heard, and which is usually based on a complete
ignorance of history. It is an assertion which
utterly disregards the past experience of our
nation. Of course, past experience is not an in-
fallible guide to the future; but it is the only
guide there is. Intelligence consists in making
ise of past experience in order to guide future
action. Failure to take previous experience into
account is a sign either of wishful thinking or
of intellectual impotence.r
The past experience of our country certainly
does not support the assumption which Miss
Slauttereback makes. We have engaged in two
major wars since the Constitution was adopted:
the Civil War and World War I. In both cases,
almost unlimited power was placed in the hands
of the president during the emergency; the legis-
lative branch of the country was relegated to a
minor role, and the rights and freedom of the
people were also curtailed. But in both cases, as
Soon as the emergency was over, the presidency
was deprived not only of the powers delegated to
it during the emergency, but even of a large part
of its customary prestige. There was a violent
reaction; Congress took the bit in its teeth; it
almost impeached Andrew Johnson, and it re-
fused even to ratify the treaty which Wilson had
negotiated in Paris. Furthermore, in each in-
stance the war was followed not by a period of
regimentation but by a decade of the wildest
individualism.
NOW, as I have admitted, it does not invariably
follow that what has been the rule in the
past will continue to be so in the future. It is
merely highly probable that it will be. Certainly
the odds are very long against Miss Slautter-
back's unsupported assertion that the contrary
will happen next time. Consequently, I fail to
share her gloom as to the future of our demo-
cratic principles. I also fail to share her doubt
as to the strength of democracy. I do not feel
that it is too weak to survive a war. It has sur-
vived several wars in the past; it can survive
this one too-it can survive even the rabbit-
hearted defeatism of young women like Miss
Slautterback.
- Arthur L. Cooke
Post-War Economic
Crisis Must Be Prevented
A CRISIS, perhaps even greater than
the war itself, faces the United
States after the present conflict when the in-
dustrial boom declines. The economic disloca-
tion that will follow the ending of the demand
for military supplies and equipment staggers
the imagination.
What will happen, for example, to the workers
in the airplane industry? Civilian aircraft uses
will not require the huge number of planes now
being turned out. Undoubtedly many workers
will lose their jobs. This will cut their purchasing
power and the resulting effects will be felt by
business men and other consumer-goods pro-
ducing industries in their community.
But, unfortunately, the airplane industry is
not the only example' of bad post-war effects.
Every manufacturing concern engaged in de-
fense production will be forced to slaken output
and reduce employment after the demand for its
products is over. Tank, munitions and gun plants
will all be hit. As in the case of the first in-
dustry cited, effects from these changes will
be felt by many other groups.
A VICIOUS CYCLE beginning with the closing
down of the war industries which forces re-
ductions in output in industries producing for
civilian use is very likely to result. Millions of
laborers will be thrown out of their jobs. Star-
vation may even be so threatening as to force
the government to resort to the familiar bread-
lines of the early thirties.
Added to this pessimistic picture are other
factors. There will be millions of men released

from the nation's military forces who will in-
crease the already lengthening list of job-seek-
ers. Then, too, there is a possible problem of
inflation. It will'also be difficult to get back to
the uncontrolled system of allocating resources.
Ghost towns. will probably become prevalent.
Mildly indicative of this is the housing boom in
Washtenaw County because of the Ford bomber
plant near Ypsilanti. When the migrant workers
lose their employment in this plant after the
war, they will seek their livelihood elsewhere,
leaving many newly built residential sections in
the county uninhabited.
OF COURSE, it is true that some industries,
such as automobile manufacturing, will in-
crease production. They may be able to absorb
some of the unemployed, but the switch will be
slow. In addition, with demand low, no increase
in production can even be expected here. If the
other problems alsobdevelop, moreover, the sit-
uation will indeed be urgent. Many of the offic-
ials of the government already realize this and
are attempting to find a means of preventing it.
It is not the purpose of this editorial to sug-
gest a means. The writer is not an "expert." The
editorial is merely trying to impress upon the
sceptics the gravity of the problem. Those who
say that all post-war problems should wait un-
til after the war are making a fatal mistake.
Investigation to find a successful means to
hanl- he certain economic crises must con-

c<"
tcAber S. Aflei
BRITISH DEMANDS for greater
censorship of the American press,
made public in London last week.
are not new to executives of the U.S.
Army and Navy. They have been
hearing these British complaints for
some time-and with mixed sympa-
thy.
Theoretically U.S. officials are in-
clined to agree with the British that
perhaps some news should be with-
held from the American press. On
the other hand, those who under-
stand American public opinion real-
ize that President Roosevelt has a
far different problem from that of
the British in educating public opin-
ion. Britain is in the war and the
public has been accustomed to war
for two years. The American public,
however, is a long way yet from en-
tering the war, and demands the
facts rather than any twisting or
withholding of the facts.
Furthermore, there is a group in-
side the Army and Navy which de-
mands more facts for themselves
regarding the British military posi-
tion. They believe the British have
been too optimistic, and that Ameri-
can military strategists should have
all the British facts.

GRIN AND BEAR IT

"We like to

treat our cook like one of the family-then Otis
can tell her what he thinks of her!"

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By Lichty

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One very vigorous member of this
school is Admiral Ernest J. King,-
commander of the Atlantic Fleet. Ad-
miral King is running one of the
most efficient sections of the U.S. -
Navy, the convoys across the NorthA
Atlantic, but he believes in looking
the facts in the face-even thoughp
disagreeable.F
Admiral King Wins Out e
SEVERAL DAYS AGO King had f
reason to differ with Admiral o
William Standley, retired, who went U
to Russia as adviser to Averell Harri- i
man. Standley, after stopping also e
in London, came back with an en- 0
thusiastic 60-page report glowing I
with Russo-British ability to hold a
out. t
When Admiral King heard of this t
he went to the White House and reg- b;J
isteredan emphatic protest against n
the "Pollyanna stuff." He told the i
President that he did not trust Ad- a
miral Standley's report and wanted
to send his own observer to the Medi- v
terranean to look over the British s
situation. b
Admiral King can be a tough talk- a
er, and he did not mince words with r
Roosevelt. He intimated that the
President might remove him if he
wished, but that he (King) had to v
know what the U.S. fleet faced in i
the Atlantic. So the President gaveo
him permission to send one of his r
own Atlantic fleet officers to look p
over the British situation. t
Honey' Fitz Has FDR 'In' b
0NE MAN who has no trouble get-r
ting in to see the President, evenv
in these hectic days, is John F. Fitz-1
gerald, 78-year-old ex-mayor of Bos-
ton, father-in-law of ex-AmbassadorK
Joe Kennedy, and still a potent fig-r
ure in Massachusetts politics. Amongt
his myriads of friends from coast to
coast, he is known as "Honey Fitz,"
but the President calls him "Grampa" t
and is fond of him for two reasons.1
Fitzgerald was the first candidate
the President supported in a politicalI
campaign. This was back in 1895,1
when Roosevelt was a student at Har-
vard and "Grampa" was running for7
the first of three terms in the House
of Representatives.
Other reason for Fitzgerald's "in''
at the White House is a lilting tenor s
voice, which the President hugely
admires. Every time the spry Bos-
tonian calls, the President demands
to hear his "theme song." Fitzgerald
needs no coaxing. While White House
aides listen goggle-eyed in the outer
office, and with his host gleefully
beating time, "Honey Fitz" lifts his
voice and sings:
"What's the matter with Grand-
pa? He's all right.
What's the matter with Grand-
pa? He's out all night.
Nobody knows wherever he goes.
He's dancing on the top of his
toes.
What's the matter with Grand-
pa? He's all right."
Secret Nazi Map Details
HERE are the details of that secret
Nazi map, dividing South America
into five vassal states, which was dis-
closed by the President in his Navy
Day speecht:
1. Starting at the top of the south-I
er continent, the Nazis grouped the
following to make up one of their
proposed subject provinces: Colom-
bia, Venezuela, and the three Gui-
anas, British, French, and Dutch.
2. South of Colombia and extend-
ing down the west coast, another
grouping consists of Ecuador, Peru,
Bolivia and the northern half of
Chile.
3. A third aggregation is built
around Argentina, to which is added
the southern half of Chile on the
west coast (where there already is a

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

(Continued from Page 2)t
a
k member of the faculty or other em- r
loyee not on indeterminate tenureu
ho is called into the service of theN
'ederal Government during the pres- d
nt emergency shall be deemed to be in
n leave of absence without salary 4,
or a period not longer than the end
f the present term of appointment.
Upon release from Government serv- u
ce the University will if possible re- f
Imploy such person at the beginning n
f a semester or academic year as n
may be practicable and in a position a
s nearly comparable as possible with
he former position. Whatever ten-
ative understanding may be reached C
,y a department Chairman with a J
member of the staff should be put F
n writing with copies filed with theG
ppropriate University officers. f
Chairmen of departments are ad- d
ised to weigh carefully the neces- N
ity of filling positions made vacantm
y the national emergency and to l
.ttcmpt to make provisions for theW
eturn of members of the staff. b
Senate Reception: Since no indi-
vidual invitations are being sent, this t
s a cordial invitation to all members
Af the teaching, administrative, and a
esearch staff and their wives to be 0
present at the Senate Reception t
to new members of the faculties
onight in the ballroom of the d
Michigan Union at 8:30 p.m. The
reception will take place from 8:30b
to 10:00 o'clock, after which thereG
will be dancing from 10:00 to 12:00.
It is especially hoped that new teach-
ing fellows and instructors may be
present and the chairmen of depart-
ments are asked to be of assistance in
bringing thi about.-
Members of the Faculty are invitedS
to attend the 12th annual Parent i
Education Institute which will be in a
session at the Rackham Building on
Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday,
November 5, 6, and 7. Call at the
registration desk in person for ad-5
mission badge.4
Students in the University will bes
admitted to the lectures in the Lec-
ture Hall, provided there is room
after delegates are seated.
C. A. Fisher, Director
Extension Service
Approved Organizations: A list of1
organizations which have been ap-
proved for the year 1941-42 -will bet
run in the D.O.B. on November 9 andI
11. It is hoped that all organizations
wishing such approval will submitt
a list of officers to the Office of thet
Dean of Students before November 7.
Students, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Courses, droppedt
after Saturday, November 8, by stu-
dents other than freshmen will be re-
corded with the grade of E. Freshmen
(students with less than 24 hours of
credit) may drop courses without
penalty through' the eighth -week.I
Exceptions to these regulations mayt
be made only because of extraordin-c
ary circumstances, such as serious orf
long-continued illness.t
E. A. Walter t
Freshmen in the College of Litera-
ture, Science, and the Arts may ob-
tain their five-week progress reports
in the Academic Counselor's Office
Room 108 Mason Hall. from 8:00 to
12 a.m. and 1:30 to 4:30 p.m. ac-J
cording to the following schedule:f
P through Z. Wednesday, Novem-
ber 5.
I I through O, Thursday, Novem-
ber 6.
A through H, Friday, November 7.
American Student Union: The
University Committee on Discipline
approves the recommendation of thej

han freshmen: Courses dropped
fter Saturday. November 8, will be
ecorded with the grade of E except
nder extraordinary circumstances.
o course is considered officially
ropped unless it has been reported
a the office of the Registrar, Room
University Hall.
Varsity Glee Club: The following
pperclassmen will continue to report
or Varsity rehearsals. Freshman
ames are not included, but those
ow attending Varsity rehearsals are
sked to continue to do so.
Albin, Aldrich, Barrett, Bassett,
azley, Beu, Boynton, Brown, Busche.
ohn, Conti, Converso, Crowe, De-
ong, Derby. Dongvillo, Farrand,
ischer, Fredrickson, Funk,Gibson,
illis, Harris, Hileman, Hines, Hol-
and, Imperi, Klopsic, Koppin, Lan-
is, McDonough, Morrison, Murphy,
rorris. Plott, Powers, Rawden, Red-
aon, Repola, Rhodes, Stern, Strick-
and, D. Wallace, Wierengo, Wilton,
Whitney, Queern, Kellogg, Carle-
ach, Hildebrandt.
Women students wishing to attend
he Columbia-Michigan football game
re required to register in the Office
f the Dean of Women. A letter of
ermission from parents must be in
his office not later than Wednes-
lay, November 12. If the student
oes not go by train, special permis-
ion for another mode of travel must
e included in the parent's letter.
Graduate women are invited to regis-
er in this office.
Academic Notices
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
be held in Room 319, West Medical
Building on Wednesday, November 5,
t 7:30 p.m. "Fluorine in Metabol-
sm" will be discussed. All interested
are invited.
Seminar in Physical Chemistry
will meet on Wednesday, November
5, in Room 410 Chemistry Building at
4:15 p.m. Dr. N. R. Davidson will
speak on "Electrical Conduction in
Liquid Hydrocarbons."
Doctoral Examination for Mr.
James Lewis Calver, Geology; the-
sis: "The Glacial and Post-Glacial
History of the Platte and Crystal Lake
Depressions, Benzie County, Michi-
gan," today at 2:00 p.m., 4065 Na-
tural Science Building. Chairman,
I. D. Scott.
By action of the Executive Board
the chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examination
and he may grant permission to those
who for sufficient reason might wish
to be present.
C. S. Yoakum, Dean
Concerts
Carillon Programs: The bell cham-
ber of the Burton Memorial Tower
will be open to viistors interested in
observing the playing of the carillon
from 12 noon to 12:15 p.m. daily
through Friday of this week, at which
time Professor Percival Price, Uni-
versity Carillonneur, will present an
informal program.
Lectures
University Lecture: Mr. Arundell
Esdaile, President of the British Li-
brary Association and former Secre-
tary of the British Museum, will lec-
ture on the subject, "Dr. Johnson
and the Young," under the auspices
of the Department of Library Sci-
ence, today at 4:15 p.m. in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall. The public is
cordially invited.
University Lecture: =Mr. Earl S.

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