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January 30, 1940 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-01-30

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Editorial
President Roseiet
Begins A Decisive Reg line.

Fifty Years Of Continuous Publication
VOL. LI. No. 91 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JANUARY 30, 1941 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

House Committee

Rejects

Proposal

To Ban Convoying

Adopts Time Limit Clause
Fixing Expiration Date
Of Presidential Power
Senate Group Hears
Stimson Testimony
By RICHARD L. TURNER
WASHINGTON, Jan. 29. -(')-
A proposal to place an outright bar
on the use of United States Nava
vessels to convoy supplies to Britair
was rejected by the House Foreig
Affairs Committee today as it neared
the end of its consideration of the
lease-lend program for aiding coun
tries battling the Axis.
The Committee did, however, ap-
prove an amendment stating that the
measure neither authorizes nor per-
mits the use of American vessels a
convoys.
Bloom Approves
This action was taken with the
approval of Administration member
and Chairman Bloom (Dem.-N.Y.)
later explained that if the Constitu-
tion or any existing statute author-
izes the President to order the Navy
to escort duty, this power would no
be affected by the language agree
upon.
Representative Mundt (Rep.-S.D.)
unsuccessfully offered the amend-
ment specifically prohibiting convo
duty. Secretary of War Stimson, tes-
tifying before a Senate committee
earlier, had opposed such a ban, say-
ing that "no one can tell what wil:
happen in the course of this wa
which is going on in Europe and get-
ting nearer and nearer, in its effects
to this country every day."
Under the Constitution, he said
the President has power to direci
Naval movements, and the powe
ought not to be limited by Congress
even by implication.
Amendments Adopted
The House Committee also adopt-
ed amendments fixing June 30, 1943
as the expiration date for the Presi-
dential powers the bill contains; re-
quiring that the President make peri-
odic reports to Congress on the lend-
lease program, and stipulating that
he consult the ranking officers of
the Army and Navy before sending
any war materials abroad.
While the Committee was acting,
its counterpart at the other end of
the Capitol, the Senate Committee on
Foreign Relations, was hearing Stim-
son. He said that in the event of a
British collapse the bill might prove
the means of salvaging the remains
of the British Navy, through its pro-
vision that the President may open
United States ports for the repair of
belligerent vessels of those countries
whose defense is vital to that of this
nation.'
Says Bill Vital
"This is a very important point,"
he said slowly. "In case of disaster
to Britain-which none of us wants
to happen-this bill might be the
means by which we can save the
remnants of the British fleet."
The House Commitee was in ses-
sion all day, and this evening Chair-
man Bloom said it had very little to
do before taking final action on the
measure. The amendments agreed
to were formulated yesterday at a
meeting of the Democratic members
of the committee, and apparently
were acceptable to the Administra-
tion.
Numerous amendments were of-
fered by Representative Fish (Rep.-
N.Y.), Mundt and other Republicans,
but were uniformly disapproved.
When Secretary Stimson, during
his appearance before the Senate
Committee, opposed the convoy pro-
hibition, he was sharply questioned
by Senator La Follette (Prog.-Wis.)
who asked whether there was any
doubt that if convoys were dispatched
the country would be in the war.

Stimson replied that that was "spec-
ulation."
Requires Speculating
"With a bill of this nature I have
to do some speculating," La Follette
shot back.
"So do I," said Stimson.
In questioning the Cabinet Offi-
cer, Senator Vandenberg (Rep.-
Mich.) asked what he thought of an
amendment to siet nrth ei mwhic

US Citizenry
Growing Older,
Census Shows'
WASHINGTON, Jan. 29. -(R')--
The average American, is 28.9 years
old, the Census Bureau reported to-
day after studying a 5 per cent sample
of the 1940 census.
The figures showed that the popu-
lation is growing older. In 1940 the
average American was two and a half
years olde than in 1930, and six years
older than in 1900.
Men continued to predominate, but
the Bureau found that the margin of
males over females was declining.
Some day. it was said, women would
outnumber the men in America as
they do in Europe and other areas of
older civilizations.
There were 101.1 males for every
100 females in 1940. Ten years ago
there were 102.5 males per 100 fe-
males.
Whites constituted 89.8 per cent of
the population in 1940, exactly the
same percentage as in 1930.
The nation grew older, the Bureau
added, by a decline in the number of,
persons under 20 years, a small in-
crease in those between 20 and 45,
and a large increase in those 65 or
older.
The Bureau estimated that the
number of persons 65 or older in-,
creased from 6,633,805 in 1930 to 8,-
956,206 in 1940-a 35 per cent gain.
The average gain for all age groups
was only 7.2 per cent.
Annual Tryouts
For Hillel Play
sWill Be Held
Cast For 'Success Story'
Will Be Chosen Today,
Tomorrow At Lane Hall
Anita Newblatt, '41, president of the
Hillel Players, announced yesterdayt
that try-outs for the Hillel Founda-
tion's annual major production will
take place from 4 to 6 p.m. today and
tomorrow at Lane Hall.
The announcement of the play to
be presented was also made yester-
day by the Players' committee which
has decided upon John Howard Law-
son's "Success Story." There are roles
available for six men and four wo-
men.
Arthur Klein, Grad., who recently
was featured in Play Production's
"Margin For Error," will direct the
play which is scheduled for presen-
tation March 7 and 8 at the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre, and March 17
in Detroit's Jewish Community Cen-
ter.

Fascists Flee
British rive
Toward Port
Italians Believed Heading
For Bengasi As Flight
Leads Towards Baree
RAF Raids Naples,
Sicilian Air Bases
(By The Associated Press) ',
CAIRO, Egypt, Jan. 29-Royal Air
Force planes leading the way for the
British desert forces aimed at a clean-
up of the Libyan port of Derna were
reported by the RAF command today
to have ground-strafed Fascist troops
retreating all the way to Barce, 100
miles west of the menaced town.
With British mechanized forces re-
ported operating south and west of
Derta and threatening Italy's hold
on all Eastern Libya, the Fascist re-
treat indicated Mussolini's men ap-
parently had decided against making
a fight of it at Derna.
Instead, observers here believed the
Italians would keep on past Barce
and make a stand at Benghasi, 50
miles beyond on the western side of
the Cirenaican hump which juts into
the Mediterranean.
The air activity in Libya was but
one phase of the latest RAF assaults,
which included raids upon Italian
outposts on two other African fronts
and night attacks upon Naples, west-
ern Italian port, and Axis air bases
on the island of Sicily.
Fires and explosives were reported
started at Naples Airdrome, the cen-
tral railway junction and marshal-
sling yards there. On Sicily, British
pilots said they started fires and ex-
plosions at Catania airdrome, used
as a base for German dive-bombers
preying on Britain's Mediterranean
shipping, and at nearby Ccmiso.
Hundreds of miles down in Africa,
the middle east command reported,
operations in the Agordat-Barentu
sector of Italian Eritrea, about 80
miles from the Sudan border, were
"developing." The capture of 73 more
prisoners was credited to British
forces pursuing Fascists retreating
from Umm Hagar.
"Vigorous patrol activity" was said
to be continuing in many areas in-
side Italian Somaliland.
Spartans Defeat
Matmen, 16-14
State Takes Four Straight
But Finishes Weakly
(Special To The Daily)
EAST LANSING, Jan. 29-Despite
the fact that the Michigan grapplers
won four of the eight matches against
a powerful Michigan State squad here
tonight, the Spartans edged out a
16-14 decision.
The feature bout of the evening
found Michigan's Marvin Becker
subbing for John Paup, who is ill,
dropping a close match in the 145-
pound class to Bill Maxwell. The 15-
14 defeat caused Coach Cliff Keen
to hold up the proceedings and ques-
tion the time-keepers and the ref-
eree, but the decision remained un-
changed.
After Fred Klemach was decisioned
by State's "Cut" Jennings, 7-1, Keen
was forced to present the Spartans
a gift of five points because both of

his 128-pound wrestlers have been
incapicitated with the flu.
Sophomore Ray Deane, after win-
ning both of his first two competi-
tive matches by falls, carried Merrill
of State through to the end of the
third period, but was finally thrown
at 8:19.
At this point of the meet the tide
(Continued on Page 3)

Gen. Metaxas
Dies; Korizis
Made Leader

To Be

School Of Public Health

New Premier Is Banker,
To Hold All Portfolios
Of Deceased Dictator
'Little John's' Loss
Is Blow To Greeks
(By The Associated Press)
ATHENS, Jan. 29.-General John
Metaxas, the "Little John" who dic-
tated to Greece in peace and directed
her aggressive defense in war, died
today, whispering: "It is not for my-
self that I mind, but I place my hope
in the Greeks."
"Premier for life," he died of a
throat infection in his suburban home
in Kiphissia at 6:20 a.m. while his
soldiers were fighting in Albania, on
the snow-covered soil of the Italians
who invaded them, fighting for the
life of Greece.
Metaxas, 70, short, chesty, dolorous
of visage, had been secretly ill three
weeks.
King Appoints Korizis
King George II, with whose approv-
al Metaxas obtained dictatorial pow-
ers by a coup d'etat Aug. 4, 1936,
quickly named a tall and studious
banker, Alexandros Korizis, to be Pre-
mier.
Korizis, 55, a close colleague of Me-
taxas but lacking any extensive army
or political experience, also will hold
Metaxas' other portfolios of war, avi-
ation, foreign affairs, navy and edu-
cation.
Moreover, he is pledged to carry
out to the letter Metaxas' own pro-
gram of "victory over the enemy and
afterwards, serving and promoting
the welfare of the working classes,
which constitute the productive power
of the nation."
With the Italians, aided by the
Germans at least with plane, appar-
ently ready to start a new offensive
against the Greeks, Metaxas' death
was viewed elsewhere in the Balkans
as the heaviesL blow Greece could
suffer. In Belgrad, political circles
termed him almose irreplaceable.{
War Up To Papagos
It appeared that, since the new
premier lacks military knowledge, it
will be largely up to Generalissimo
Alexander Papagos, the Greek mili-
tary commander-in-chief, to fight off:
the Italians, with British counsel
and aid.
On Jan. 7, General Metaxas had
attacks of dizziness, and a medical
examination indicated a kidney ail-
ment. He went back to work, how-
ever, until a tonsil infection devel-
oped. He was not even then greatly
concerned, but his condition became
worse and he went to bed Jan. 19,
never again to rise.
Last Sunday his condition became
really grave.'
Prosecutor Reveals
M urder Charges
A gainst Farmhand1
Beecher Osborne, 21-year-old Chel-
sea farmhand, will be charged with
first degree murder for the fatal
stabbing early Monday of his broth-
er, Price, 24, Prosecutor George
Meader revealed last night.
From earlier testimony it was in-
dicated that a second-degree charge
would be made, but there were dis-
crepancies in the statements made
by the defendant.
His original confession claimed that
the stabbing was done in self defense
when attacked during a fight, but
the autopsy showed that the blow was
struck from behind and over the
shoulder. Osborne, when faced with
this evidence, said that he was ex-
cited at the time of the crime and
that he now cannot remember what
occurred.

e
President Ruthven Says

Established Here,

'Vox Pop'

Radio Show

To Be Presented Today

Grid Captain Forest Evashevski,
'41, Jane Connell, '42, and Peter Hal-
ler, '42, were chosen last night to ap-
pear on "Vox Pop," noted radio quiz
show, which will be broadcast be-
tween 7:30 and 8 p.m. today from the
Union Ballroom.
Others who are being considered
as contestants on the program are
Prof. Preston W. Slosson of the his-
Although only 700 tickets have
been distributed for seats at the
program, Nathan Tufts, director,
announced yesterday that there
would be plenty of available room
for standees. Everyone attending
the broadcast must be present by
7:10 p.m., the time doors will be
closed.
tory department, Prof. John L.
Brumm of the journalism depart-
ment, Paul Chandler, '41, William D.
Biggers, '41E, Chandler H. Pinney,
'41E, and Robert Lewis, '42.
Final selection of quizees will not
be revealed until 7:10 p.m. today it
was learned, and those considered for
parts will be expected to report to
the Union Ballroom at approximate-
ly 6:45 p.m. today for last minute
interviews.
Members of the "Vox Pop" cast
expressed their regrets yesterday on
not being able to have on the show
Michigan's All-American, Tom Har-
mon, who has been invited by Presi-
dent Roosevelt to attend the Infan-
tile Paralysis Birthday Ball in Wash-
ington.
Conductors of "Vox Pop," Parks
Johnson and Wally Butterworth,
spent most of their time yesterday
planning the prizes which will be of-
Vinson Urges
Strikes Curb
Bill Suggested Following
Army Job Walkout
(By The Associated Press)
An influential House member
asked Congress yesterday to curb
strikes in industries procucing Naval
supplies a short time after 400 to 500
union workers had walked off a $1,-
550,000 Army construction job at
Wright Field, Dayton, Ohio.
The legislation, introduced by
Chairman Vinson (Dem.-Ga.) of the
House Naval Committee, would for-
bid a strike on any naval project
until 30 days after a Naval defense
labor board had filed a report on the
dispute.
Vinson's bill goes further than the
Railway Act, however, in that it also
outlaws efforts to compel workers on
Naval projects to join or refrain from
joining labor unions. Vinson said
the measure would make it illegal for
Naval contractors "by discrimination"
to encourage or discourage member-
ship of employes in any labor organi-
zation during the present national
emergency.
If the bill becomes law, Vinson ex-
pressed the belief that any worker
will be able to get a job on a Naval
project despite existing closed shop
contracts.

fered during the course of the pro-
gram. A free telephone call to a
beautiful Hollywood movie star,
whose name has been withheld, will
feature the list of awards, they said.
Among the other gifts which will
be presented include radios, books,
articles of clothing and an unan-
nounced group of unusual prizes
which, according to the "Vox Pop"
directors, "will be humorous if noth-
ing else."
Tonight's show, the fourth ever to
be presented by "Vox Pop" on a col-
lege campus, will be broadcast by
more than 50 Columbia Broadcasting
System stations from coast to coast.
Following next week's program aboard
a U. S. naval vessel in New York,
Johnson and Butterworth will leave
the country to offer a series of pro-
grams from Central America and the
West Indies.
Entry Deadline
In Hopwoods
Is Tomorrow
Freshmen Must Submit
Manuscripts By 4:30
For Annual Competition
All manuscripts for the Hopwood
contest for freshmen will be due in
the Hopwood Room, 3227 Angell Hall
by 4:30 p.m. tomorrow. Freshmen who
enter the contests are reminded to
bind in covers each of the three cop-
ies of the manuscripts in each cate-
gory.
Each manuscript must bear a
pseudonym. The entire entry of a con-
testant must be accompanied by a
sealed envelope bearing this pseudo-
nym and enclosing the author's real
name ,address and telephone number.
Names of the winners in this com-
petition will be announced in The
Daily early in the second semester. A
manuscript that has received a prize
in the freshman contest will not be
eligible for a minor award in the
spring Hopwood contest.
Prizes may be redistributed in the
event that merit in a particular field
makes such redistribution desirable.
Further questions regarding manu-
scripts should be addressed to mem-
bers of the Committee which includes:
Morris Greenhut, Ernest M. Halliday
and Edwart S. Everett, all of. the
English department.
All undergraduate students who
expect to enroll in the Avery Hop-
wood and Jule Hopwood Spring Con-
tests are reminded that one of the
requirements for these contests is
that they be enrolled in one course in
composition in the English depart-
ment or the Journalism department
for at least one semester in 1940-41.
Book Exchange
To Open Feb. 6
Demand Always Exceeds
Supply, Samuels Says
All students desiring to receive
their own price for their used books
are urged to turn them into the
Book Exchange as soon as it opens
Feb. 6, Bob Samuels, '42, director of
the exchange, announced yesterday.
The student depositing a book will
have to fill out two slips, Samuels
explained. One will show the price
requested, and will be put inside the
book. The other, certified by one of
the clerks, will serve as a receipt for
the depositor.

A 10 per cent service charge willI

Rockefeller, W.K. Kellogg
Foundations To Finance
IConstruction Of Unit
"raduate Studies
Will Be Stressed
Establishment ofa new school of
public health in the near futur,
financed by a million dollar grant
from the Rockefeller Foundation in
New York and the W. K. Kellogg
Foundation in Battle Creek, was an-
nounced today by President Ruth-
ven.
A limited program of instruction
in public health has been conducted
in recent years by Dr. John Sundwall
but the new school will rank with
the engineering, law, literary and
medicine schools as a major unit of
the University.
Regents Accept Grant
President Ruthven stated that the
Board of Regents had accepted the
grant for the public health school
at their December meeting, and that
construction of the new building
would begin "as soon as possible."
Completion of the building plans are
awaiting the approval of certain
technical phases of the new unit by
the two Foundations.
Only one-half of the million dollar
grant may be used for site, building
and equipment, according to the
terms of the grant approved by the
Regents. The initial expenses of
operation will be financed by the re-
maining amount of the grant over
a ten-year period.
Present courses taught in public
health, hygiene and preventive medi-
cine will be retained in the curricu-
lum of the new school, but the total
number of courses will be greatly in-
creased, including a new emphasis on
research problems in the field.
Cooperation Will Be Stressed
The new public health school will
stress close cooperation with other
units in the University, especially
with the Medical School, science de-
partments in the literary schools
and the sanitary engineering divi-
sions of the engineering college.
The school will also function co-
operatively with the proper govern-
mental agencies, according to Presi-
dent Ruthven, in fighting disease and
in applying scientific techniques to
problems in the public health field.
This cooperation will include the
training of personnel.
Graduate and post-graduate stu-
dies will be stressed by the new
school, but a certain number of un-
dergraduate courses will be offered.
'Mentioned frequently in current
speculation over the new dean of the
school is Dr. Henry F. Vaughan, com-
missioner of health in Detroit since
1919. In 1916 Dr. Vaughan received
the first degree of Doctor of Public
Health ever awarded by the Univer-
sity.
Son Of Dean
Son of the late Dr. Victor Vaughan,
dean of the Medical School for 30
years, Dr. Vaughan received the
Bachelor of Science degree in engin-
eering in 1912, and a master's degree
in 1913.
Cotiimenting on the beginnings of
the plans for a public health school
here, President Ruthven said:
"The long-continued interest of
the Rockefeller Foundation in public
health is 'well known. The trustees
of the W.K. Kellogg Foundation are
led to participate in the enterprise
because of their conviction that pub-
lic health education is important and
a strong school of public health is
essential to the success of the Michi-
gan community health project. The
University is expected to use its pre-
sent resources for graduate training
in public health and to make certain
further provisions for this work in
the future."~

Any interested
to try-out for a
production. The
tomorrow will be1
and the cast willx
next week.

student is eligible
part in the Hillel
try-outs today and
the only ones held,
be announced early

Budget Scored
By Morgenthaii

Predicts Federal
Exhaustion By

Credit
May

WASHINGTON, Jan. 29-(P)-De-
claring that the. Treasury's borrow-
ing power would be exhausted in
four months, Secretary Morgenthau
called on Congress today to raise the
Federal debt limit from $49,000,000,-
000 to $65,000,000,000 and to tap two
new sources of cash.
He appeared before the House Ways
and Means Committee in support of
a bill which, in addition to raising
the debt ceiling, would make future
Federal securities taxable and em-
n -..nr fl-h Tr',r oji.. d fn icz a crnl

Aircraft Without Propeller Or Wings Proposed
ByProf. Stalker May Revolutionize Flying

By MORTON MINTZ
Utilizing a stream of compressed
air in place of unsatisfactory me-
chanical drives, a helicopter proposed
by Prof. Edward A. Stalker of the
aeronautical engineering department
may mark a new era in man's mastery
of the air.
Emhndving advantae of low

of air forced from a large jet to
drive the rotating blades, the plane
itself does notrhave a tendency to
spin, thus overcoming the torque
problem in which the mechanical de-
vices have not been adequate.
Some propelling mechanisms, ac-
cording to Professor Stalker, have al-

bladed propellor, but on a horizontal
plane, projects out from above the
cabin. The hub from which the blades
radiate, can be shifted back and forth
in order to set the craft's direction.
Air is pumped into the blades and
escapes through special, long slots, re-

Harmon Will Attend.
President's Celebration

I

..m"

ANN ARBOR, Mich., Jan. 29--)-
Michigan's All-American Halfback,
Tom Harmon, left tonight for Wash-

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