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January 29, 1940 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-01-29

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IVALdyt- mm,

TI ft M tiff. I G A.N h A tt Y

1V'flNVT:AYCA4UARY 29, 1941

__________-_-_-_---__-_--------_-_-----__-_---------I-

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

'Warmongering Professors'
Are DefendedBy Slosson

Fn -Away,

w

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
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Editorial Staff

Press, 1940-41

Hervie Haufler .
Alvin Sarasohn .
Paul M. Chandler
Karl Kessler
Milton Orshefaky
Howard A. Goldman
Laurence Mascott
Donald Wirtchafter
Esther Osser .
Helen Corman .

. . . . Managing Editor
. . . . Editorial Director
. . . . . City Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
. . . Associate Editor
. . .Associate .Editor
* . . Associate Editor
. . . . . Sports Editor
. . . . .Women's Editor
. . . . Exchange Editor

Business Staff
Business Manager .
Assistant Business Manager
Wohen's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager

Irving Guttman
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
Jane Krause

NIGHT EDITOR: ROSEBUD SCOTT
The editorials published in The Michi-..
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
writers only.
Labor Plugs
For National Defense .. .
IT IS COMMON KNOWLEDGE that
when organized labor recently evi-
denced its interest in the national defense pro-
gram by means of the Reuther plan the author-
ities in Washington for some inexplicable reason
chose to label the plan "impractical". Not so
well known is the fact that CIO President Philip
Murray submitted a plan of his own which is
apparently receiving even less attention than
did Reuther's, for he has received no official
reaction to it, whatsever-either encouraging
or discouraging.
In brief, Murray's scheme consists of a series
of "Industrial Councils"-one for each vital in-
dustry. The councils would be appointed by the
P'resident. Labor and management would re-
ceive equal representation and Government
would furnish one representative to act as
chairman for each council. The immediate pur-
pose of the plan is to speed defense, the long-
range objective is to smooth out the bumps in
oUr whole economic order.
IS TO BE EXPECTED that the constitutions
of the Murray councils would be patterned
somewhat after the railroad union-management
point council agreements. Management would,
thus, agree to: recognize the union as the sole
representative of the employes; pay higher
wages as increased profits were realized through
increased efficiency; provide safe and healthful
working conditions; reward valid employe sug-
gestions for improvements around the shop;
divide the work when business is slow; regulate
employment so as to provide the worker with
more security.
Labor, on its part, would be required to do
everything in its power to: increase both tl
amount and quality of its work; adhere strictly
to all shop rules; treat the tools and machines
with care and not waste materials; and make
continued suggestions as to how production and
efficiency problems might be more easily solved.
PLAN on this order has worked for the B&O
Railroad. During the first five years of the
system the employes offered 18,000 suggestions,
85 per cent of which were considered valuable
enough to use. At the same time, labor was
receiving practical gains such as higher wages,
better hours and more security.
Murray claims his "Industry Councils" would
be equally successful on a much wider scale.
They would, therefore, be of immense value to
our national defense program. Greater effi-
ciency would result, orders would be filled more
quickly and labor would receive more nearly its
Just share of increased profits; Upon the re-
turn to peacetime economy, following the war,
Mdurray sees the councils playing a leading role
in bringing about the necessary readjustmets
in industry. More than that, he sees them, in
dears to come, dealing with such things as tech-
nological unemployment, retirement and pen-
sion plans, seasonal lay-offs and production
problems.
A PROGRAM such as Murray proposes, how-
ever, is not without its dangers to the labor
movement. A union which attempts to thus
sit around a council table with management
: c hac r ofit A1,Pgf_ a- rwe ak unmio

SINCE YOUR SPACE is necessarily limited,
instead of replying to critics individually I
should like to emulate Benjamin Franklin's
alleged proposal to "pray over the whole barrel
of pork at once" instead of doing it retail at
mealtimes. So I venture to put down some gen-
eral thoughts on the alleged "warmongering
professors" of whom we hear so much.
Few seem, however, t ask themselves the
question why professors are so perverse. It is
not love of military glory; for a favorite taunt
is that professors are too old to fight. It is not
love of war for its own sake, for any anti-in-
tellectual will explain to you that the professors
are a timid set of men, whose patriotism is at
best mere milk and water. It is not economic
advantage, for war means reduced educational
appropriations, inflation and a higher cost of
living, higher taxes, insecurity of tenure. Farm-
ers, business men and even laborers in the muni-
tions industries may reap golden harvests from
a war, but salaried men cannot.
THE MOST COMMON EXPLANATION is that
the intellectuals are obsessed by love of
England or by hatred of Germany: "Anglophils",
"friends of every country but their own", "sacri-
ficing American interests to foreign" and so on
(read any copy of Seribner's, the Saturday Eve-
ning Post or the Chicago Tribune). But "Anglo-
Bursting with a spectacular abruptness into
the Prometheus overture,- by Beethoven, the
Minneapolis Orchestra, underthe very competent
hands of Dimitri Mitropoulos, shocked the audi-
ence out of its usualy early concert restiveness
and forced entire attention thenceforth.
We were first struck by the beauty, clarity
and unity of the string section in this work,
qualities which were well borne out by the other
sections. Mr. Mitropoulous demonstrated his
competency throughout the program, keeping
the large unit precise, and under his control
at all times.
The work, one of great strokes and forces, was
capably handled and characterful of the mood
of Beethoven.
Schumann's second symphony, in C major,
was a litle overdone. We thought the orchestra
was too strong in much of the work, which is one
of great difficulty, due to its many and quick
contrasts in rhythm and dynamics. The first
movement was sparkling, strong and vibrant.
The scherzo followed in the same mood to a very
lively rhythm. The third movement, adagio es-
pressivo, glided smoothly and evenly, with the
exception of the pizzicato passage, the length of
which was not understandable. The final move-
ment, allegro molto vivace, was smooth, steady,
precise; part followed part with great evenness.
Smetana's symphonic poem, "The Moldau" re-
opened the concert after intermission. Beauti-
fully melodic, lyrical to a high degree, it was as
purling as the brook, and as rushing as the
mighty stream which it pictures. It was well in-
terpreted, well presented, and, fitly, well received.
An American work "Adagio for Strings" by
Samuel Barber, was simple, serene, and entirely
logical in its progressions. We thought it one
of the best examples of writing done on this side
of the ocean, where good writing comes not too
often. It had massive lines, contrasted with a
delicacy of principle striking in its simplicity,
and faded to a whisper, leaving a hushed group.
The well-known Fantasia and Fugue in G
minor, by Bach, closed the scheduled program.
We have not taken too kindly to another arrange-
ment, feeling that it departed too greatly from
the principles that were Bach's. This, also,
seemed not a faithful representation of that
great composer, nor was it an improvement. The
Fantasia, particularly, sounded as if it had
drawn from Beethoven and Sibelius in idiomatic
expression. It was very loud, missing the mas-
sive stateliness that the piece carries as the
organ represents it.
The second portion, which was the fugue,
was much truer, although we lost, to some ex-
tent, the interesting observance that has always
accompanied our thought when we have listened
to this work.
The audience, appreciative of what proved to

be one of the better symphonic groups in this
country, clamored for more. The conductor and
orchestra generously responded with three en-
cores, the familiar Aria from Bach's suite No. 3,
and the Slavonic Dances Nos. 5 and 17 by An-
ton Dvorak.
Better known as Air for the G String, Bach's
work has long been a favorite of concert-goers.
Last night's performance followed the conven-
tional lines of orchestral interpretation, which
is to say that it was well done.
The Slavonic Dances were performed with an
admirable spirit and verve that captured the
happy earthiness of the Slavic folk as they
have been often presented to us.
Mr. Mitropoulos distinguished himself in the
successful control he evidenced over so large a
group, and the fire with which he led them.
-K.K.
Hallie Harris, supervisor of janitors at the
University of Kansas, estimates that in 14 years
he has climbed 5,880,000 steps, or a total of
742 miles.
a firm, clear-thinking leader who knows what

phil" is a word of many meanings. If it means
one who admires the great historic achieve-
ments of the British people, all educated people
must plead guilty. If it means that the gallant
struggle the British, are now putting up evokes
especial admiration, nearly all Americans, edu-
cated or not, are guilty. If it means that America
will be safer if the British defeat Hitler, Anglo-
philism is merely the statement of the obvious,
Even among those who oppose any increase of
aid to the British there are a predominant ma-
jority who are "Anglophil" in one or more of
these uses of the word; indeed, nine out of ten
of their speeches begin "Of course, we hope the
British will win, but-".
"Anglophil" can, however, have other mean-
ings. If it means one who prefers British to
American folkways, or feels a closer allegiance
to King George than to President Roosevelt, it
is a term which has no application to any pro-
fessor in this country with whom I am person-
ally acquainted. For my part I would rather
live in Michigan than in any British city-in
time of peace, to make the comparison fair!-at
twice the income. We have a freer social atmos-
phere, less class consciousness and more verve
and zest in living. If it means one who idolizes
British institutions, one must discriminate. I
admire the British civil service, see some con-
veniences in the parliamentary system and re-
spect the British courts; but to my American
mind the monarchy, the aristocracy and the es-
tablished Church are things we can do very well
without, and if some future British Labor Gov-
ernment decides to do without them many pro-
fessors will be among the first to congratulate
President Bevin or President Morrison. If it
means one whose attitude toward the war is
mainly determined by the fact that Britain is
a belligerent, it is singularly wide of the mark.
It is not Britain the Empire, or even Britain the
Land of Shakespeare, that we are primarily sup-
porting, but Britain the Chief Obstacle to To-
talitarianism.
NOR DOES THIS MEAN that we are "anti-
German". The Germany of Goethe, Schil-
ler, Lessing, Kant, Mann, Einstein and the liber-
als of 1848 has never had so good a friend as
the American university men, many of whom
were trained in the old-time German univer-
sities; it has never had so bitter and unrelenting
an enemy as the Nazis.
Why, then, are weso much concerned about
the war? Well, there are several reasons. One
is, no doubt, that we cannot blind our eyes to
distant dangers. The student of world affairs
may be any other kind of pacifist-internation-
alist, isolationist or non-resistant-but he is not
apt to be the Ostrich Pacifist who chirpily ig-
nores danger because it is not yet right next
door. Those who pointed out to blind and com-
placent Britons in 1938 that the fall of Czecho-
slovakia threatened the security of Britain were
called "warmongers"; those who point out that
the fall of Britain would threaten America are
called "warmongers" today. As well call a ther-
mometer the cause of a heat wave or a barometer
the cause of a storm!
BUT there is another reason. Wars, it is true,
are not ideological in origin, which may be
summed up in the phrase "real or supposed
national interests". But they have ideological
by-products, and any chemist can tell you that
a by-product often is more important than the
original end-product. My job is teaching his-
tory, and I find that in every age I judge a
struggle not by its casus belli but by its cultural
effects. When Athens resisted Persia the
Athenians were not "fighting for democracy" or
for Greek art and letters, they were fighting for
existence. Nevertheless, their triumph meant
the victory of a freer type of civilization. When
the Swiss villagers resisted the tyrannies of
Hapsburg and Burgundian they were not fight-
ing for abstract "liberty", yet liberty throve the
more for their victory. It may be true that
the Long Parliament was more interested in low
taxes or Puritan theology than in the "balanced
constitution", but we are more interested in the
latter. I care very little whether the future
Europe will speak German, French or Russian;
but very much that it shall speak nobly and
freely.
NOW, the results of a totalitarian victory are
so evident in the pages of recent history
that only the naturally or willfully blind can

fail to read them: (1) the annihilation of the
specific national cultures-often very high in
quality-of the Dutch, Scandinavians, Czechs,
Poles and a score of other peoples; (2) the
closing of all colleges and universities of the
subject peoples-this has taken place already
in Cracow and Prague; (3) the forcible silencing
of all teachers, writers and other intellectually
active persons who do not accept ideologies
which many of them know to be false, such as
Nazi anthropology; (4) the replacement of elec-
toral democracy by the crudest and worst of all
types of government, military dictatorship, rule
by naked force; (5) the end of the "reign of
law", of Magna Carta, of habeas corpus, of trial
by jury, and their replacement by Ogpu Ges-
tapo, concentration camp, secret arrest, and tor-
ture; (6) the long drawn out agony of the Jew-
ish people (wfhose cultural contributions to our
common civilization have been so vast and var-
ied across the ages) all the way from the Nurem-
berg laws to the pogroms in Bucharest; (7) an
end to all efforts for and prospects of world
peace, since the dictators scoff at internation-
alism, cosmopolitanism :and pacifism and glory
in the conquests they can make.
PlRITAIN might perish and progress continue;

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AL

DAILY OFFICIAL

BULLETIN

-

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 29, 1941!
VOL. LI. No. 90I
Publication in the Daly Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University.
Notices
Student Accounts: Your attention i
is called to the following rules passedj
by the Regents at their meeting of
Feb. 28, 1936:
"Students shall pay all accounts
due the University not later than
the last day of classes of each sem-
ester or Summer Session. Student
loans which are not paid or renewed
are subject to this regulation; how-
ever, student loans not yet due arel
exempt. Any unpaid accounts at
the close of business on the last day'
of classes will be reported to the
Cashier of the University, and
"(a) All academic credits will be
withheld, the grades for the sem-
ester or Summer Session just com-
pleted will not be released; and no
transcript of credits will be issued.
"(b) All students owing such ac-
counts will not be allowed to register
in any subsequent semester or Sum-
mer Session until payment has been
made."
S. W. Smith,
Vice-President and Secretary
Group Surgical Service: Sufficient
enrollments have been received to
make the plan effective for those who
signed applications either during the
enrollment period in November or the
period just closed. Service under the
terms of these enrollments will be
available to all applicants beginning
February 5, 1941.
Students, School of Dentistry:
There will be a Student Assembly
this afternoon.at 4:15 in the auditor-
ium. Mr. Arthur Secord of the Speech
Department will speak on "Develop-
ment of an Effective Personality."
All dental students and hygienists
are requested to be in their seats
by 4:10 in order that the lecture may
begin promptly.
Automobile Regulation: Permissior
to drive for social and personal pur-
poses during registration period and
the weekend of the J-Hop from
Wednesday noon, Feb. 12, until Mon-
day morning, Feb. 17, at 8:00 a.m.
may be obtained at Room 2, Univer-
sity Hall, through the following pro.
cedure:
1. Parent signature cards should
be secured at this office and sent
home for the written approval of the
parents.
2. Upon presentation of the signed
card together with accurate infor.
mation with regard to the make, type

The foregoing will not apply tof
those students who possess regulart
driving permits. The above permis-t
sion will automatically be granted tov
this group.r
Office of the Dean of Students t
Residence Halls Applications: There
will probably be a few vacancies in
the Residence Halls for the second
semester. Students who wish to apply
for such vacancies as may occur1
should file their applications immedi-
ately. Women students should make
application in the office of the Dean
of Women, and men students in thet
office of the Dean of Students.
Karl Litzenberg
i i
Freshman Hopwood Contests:
Freshmen who enter the Freshman
Hopwood contests should bind in cov-
ers each of the three copies of manu,-
script in a given category.
R. W. Cowden
Aeronautical Engineering Scholar-
ship: A scholarship of approximate-
ly $450 per year will be offered by
The New York Community Trust to
students interested in Aeronautical
Engineering. Further details may be
found on the Aeronautical Engineer-
ing bulletin board.
All people registered in either the
General or Teaching Division of the
Bureau of Appointments and Occu-
pational Information, please notify
us of your change in address if you
are leaving school or moving.
Graduate Students' registration
material for second semester will be
available in the Rackham Building
ceginning Monday, February 10.
Graduate students are requested to

follow the alphabetical plan of regis-
tration on Thursday and Friday of
the registration period rather than
waiting until Saturday morning to
register, Every student must obtain
the signature of his advisor on his
election card.
C. S. Yoakum, Dean
Teaching Departments wishing to
recommend February graduates from
the College of Literature, SeIende
and the Arts and the School of Edu-
cation for Departmental Honors
should send such names to the Regis-
trar's Office, Room 4, U. Hall be-
fore February 14, 1941.
Robert L. Williams
Assistant Registrar
The Girls Co-operative Houses still
have room and board vacancies for
second semester. Anyone interested
in applying please contact Ruth Well-
ington at 2-2218 as soon as possible.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
Civil Service Examinations : Last date
for filing application is noted in
each case:
UNITED STATES
Junior Technologist (any special-
ized branch), salary $2,000, Feb. 20,
1941.
Junior Stenographer (men only),
salary $1,440, indefinitely.
Chief Artist-Designer, salary $2,600,
Feb. 20, 1941.
Principal Artist- Designer, salary
$2,300, Feb. 20, 1941.
Senior Artist-Designer, salary $2,-
000, Feb. 20, 1941.
Artist-Designer, salary $1,800, Feb.
20, 1941.
(Continued on Page 6)

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