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January 16, 1940 - Image 1

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Weather
Snow

Y r E

Sin a4
Fifty Years Of Continuous Publication

~~Iaibi

Editorial
The Younger
Generation .

VOL. L. No. 79 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JANUARY 16, 1941 Z-323

IPRICE FIVE CENTS

Navy Requests
Larger Fleet;
Gets Approval
Of Committee
Admirals Seek Authority
To Increase Strength
With .Broad Program
Of Naval Construction
Immediate Action
Is Recommended
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15. -(P)- A
Navy request for strengthening the
fleet against the menace of dive
bombers won unanimous approval of
the House Naval Committee today,
and admirals immediately sought
authority to construct 400 new small
ships, including subchasers, escort
vessels and minesweepers.
The Committee recommended with-
out debate a $300,000,000 program to
give the Navy's fighting ships many
more "pom pom and heavier calibre
antiaircraft guns and to provide the
men with "splinter protection."
It also was disclosed that the Navy
intends to equip some ships with
"blisters" to protect them at the
water line from explosions of bombs
which burst alongside-"near misses."
Meanwhile Secretary Knox told a
press conference that the Navy
was attempting as rapidly as pos-
sible to organize its shipyards for
operation 72 hours a week. At pres-
ent, he said, most yards are on a
48-hour week, with employes being
paid time-and-one-half for work in
excess of 40 hours.
Some departments in some yards
already are working three shifts, the
Secretary added, and other shifts will
be started in the remaining yards
as soon as enough competent fore-
men are available.
Knox also announced that Army
and Navy forces would hold joint
training maneuvers in the Carib-
bean starting Jan. 21.?
Rear Admiral Samuel M. Robinson,
Chief of the Bureau of Ships, told
the Committee that 280 of the new
small craft were "urgently needed"
and that funds for their construction
would be sought in a forthcoming
supplemental appropriation bill.
Chairman Vinson (D.-Ga.) brought
'out that completion of the 400 craft
as well as the rest of the two-ocean
fleet now under construction would
give the Navy a total of 1,898 ships
of all'types, including auxiliaries.
Disclosure of the Navy's intention
to build the 280 small craft in the
immediate future, largely at Great
Lakes and South Atlantic shipyards,
came during 'Robinson's testimony
on a bill to give the Navy authority
to spend an additional $315,000,000
for expansion of shipbuilding facili-
ties and $194,000,000 for more ord-
nance machine tools and related
equipment. The Committee deferred
final action on the measure until to-
morrow. ,
Secretary Knox said the Navy
planned "as fa~r as possible" to con-
tract with Great Lakes plants for
the construction of smaller craft.
Knox noted at his press conference
that ship yards in the Great Lakes
area already were being relied upon
for considerable construction.
He told a questioner that a new
type Scott-Paine motor torpedo boat
of British design, powered by a De-
troit made motor, had been found an
"unqualified success." He said 48
of these had been ordered aside
from other small, fast craft of Ameri-
can design.

Meanwhile the first contingent of
American soldiers to leave for mili-
tary bases recently acquired from
England sailed for Newfoundland
from the Brooklyn Army Base today
on the old German liner Amerika.
Greeks Make Gains
In Surprise Attack
ATHENS, Jan. 15-(/)-Greek sol-
diers in' a surprise attack launched
during a snowstorm have blasted the
Italians out of important high posi-
tions in the central sector of the Al-
banian front and held them against
several counter-attacks, the govern-
ment spokesman declared tonight.
The speedy, arrival of Greek re-
inforcements helped the attackers
retain their grip on the positions,
he said.
Mortars, machine guns, munitions,
and other material were captured in

'Baker's Wife',
Famed Film,
OpensToday
'I -'$$$$0

RAIMU
* * *
The. "best foreign film of the year,"
"The Baker's Wife," will open at 8:30
p.m. today at the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre for a three day run under
the auspices of the Art Cinema
League.
Starring Raimu, famous continen-
tal. actor, the French film will be
shown also tomorrow and Saturday
nights. Tickets may be secured for
35 cents at the Mendelssohn box
office.
English sub-titles have been sup-
plied for the picture by John Erskine,
noted American writer. According to
the critics, who voted the film the
best of the year, "The Baker's 'Wife"
is also one of the best comedies of
the past decade.
Giriette Leclerc, popular French
actress, plays the title role in the
story of the village baker whose mari-
tal problems are solved by the entire
community which finds itself "bread-
less" when his wife runs away.
The film was directed by Marcel
Pagnol, realist Frenchman who is
widely known for his artistic cellu-
loid productions, and was written by
Jean Giono, poet, essayist, and au-
thor.
According to Albert Stutz, Grad,
manager of the Art Cinema League,
"The Baker's Wife" was brought to
Ann Arbor by popular request. He
has urged all students who wish to
see the movie to call for their tickets
immediately to insure seats for a per-
formance. Since the opening of the
ticket sale Wednesday, very few seats
are available.
War Experiences
Will Be Described
y ewsp aperman
Under the auspices of the his-
tory department, H. Shilo Watt,
noted international newspaperman'
and broadcaster, will tell his exper-
iences of crossing the Atlantic in a
former United States destroyer and
of observing the London blitzkrieg
at 4:15 p.m. tomorrow in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall.
He recently returned to England on
one of the destroyers which were ex-
changed for sites for bases in British
possessions in the Western Hemis-
phere.
Last year he acted as broadcaster
for the British and Canadian Broad-
casting Corporation and covered the
royal trip to Canada and the United
States for the London Sunday Times.
During his stay a few months ago
the British library staff as a research
expert. His experience on foreign
news fronts has been varied.,

Victor Gore
Dies At Home
After Illness
Former University Regent
Served For 16 Years;
Was ActiveRepublican
President Praises
'Loyal' Service
Word was received here yesterday
of the death of Victor M. Gore, for-
mer member of the Board of Regents
and dean of the Berrien county bar,
who died at his home in Benton
Harbor after a week's illness. He was
82 years old.
In 1913 Mr. Gore was nominated
for a vacancy on the Board of Re-
gents, a post in which he served for
16 years. He was elected to a seven-
year term and returned to the office
in 1921 with a plurality of more than
300,000 votes.
President Alexander G. Ruthven
last night issued a statement lauding
the services of Mr. Gore. He said:
"Victor M. Gore was Regent dur-
ing the difficult period of the
World War and thereafter, when
the University of Michigan exper-
ienced sudden and rapid growth.
His seasoned judgment was con-
stantly sought by University of-
ficials in dealing with these trying
problems. His loyalty to the Uni-
versity, of which he was a distin-
guished alumnus, was unfaltering."
Mr. Gore was active in the state
organization of the Republican party,
although he never sought any public
office other than Regent. When the
issue of the gold standard was stir-
ring the voters of the nation, he as-
sumed the chairmanship of the Re-
publican state convention and de-
livered an address on the subject,
which was later widely publicized.
Mr. Gore was graduated from the
Law School with the class of '82.
Three other mehbers of the Class of
'82 in the Literary school also later
served Regents. These were Junius
E. Beal, Frank B. Leland and Wil-
liam L. Clements.
His first professional partnership
was in Minneapolis with Henry J.
Fletcher, for many years a professor
of law at the University of Minnesota.
In 1891 he returned to Michigan, and
in 1894 he opened law offices in Ben-
ton Harbor, where he practiced until
his retirement two years ago.
Mr. Gore was chosen to deliver
the induction address upon the occas-
ion of the inauguration of Dr. Mar-
ion L. Burton as President of the
University in 1920.
He is survived by two sons and a
daughter, all of Benton Harbor. They
are Charles W. Gore, an attorney
and former Berrien County Prosecu-
tor; Fletcher Gore, fruit canner, and
Mrs. Stanley R. Banyon, wife of the
publisher of the Benton Harbor
News-Palladium.
Funeral services will be at 2 p.m.
tomorrow.
Chinese Prepare Offense
SHANGHAI, Jan 16. -()- The
Chinese press reported today that
regular Chinese army troops are mov-
ing steadily into Chekiang and Ki-
angsu Provinces with the ultimate in-
tention of surrounding the Japanese
in Shanghai and Hangchow and
other important cities in preparation
for a possible big spring offensive.

Szymanski
Is Sentenced
In Draft Case
Student Gets 15 Months
Term In Government
Jail At Terre Haute

To Carry On

With

War

Judge Delivers
ScathingRebuke
Maintaining his cheerful, uncon-
cerned attitude, Thaddeus A. Szy-
nanski, '41E, heard Federal Judge
Earnest A. O'Brien in Detroit yester-
day sentence him to 15 months in
the Federal Reformatory at Terre
Haute, Ind., for refusing to fill out
his draft quesitionnaire.
The court lashed at Szymanski,
who is opposed to conscription on
religious grounds. "You are a classic
example of the old saying that 'a bit
of knowledge is a dangerous thing,' "
Judge O'Brien said. "Because you are
superficially bright, you think you
are wiser, better and have higher
principles than the government that
protects you to enjoy 1iberty."
Judge O'Brien said that the med-
ical reports to the effect that Szy-
manski was mentally ill showed that
hie is "merely conceited, arrogant,
and invincably willful."
"It is the basest ingratitude for
a person to willingly take the benefits
and protection of government and
then obstinately refuse to contribute
what he can for his country's pro-
tection," the court asserted.
Referring to Szymanski's Polish
ancestry, Judge O'Brien lauded Po-
land for "its herioc role in history as
a defender of liberty," and asserted
that the youth's whole attitude
"brought discredit on your race."
His sentence was the first im-
posed in the eastern Federal Court
district for violation of the draft
act and also the first draft evasion
case in Ann Arbor.
Szymanski registered for the draft
last October, but refused to fill out
his draft questionnaire despite the
urgings of the local board. He ex-
plained that he considered the reg-
istration a civil order and the ques-
tionnaire a miltary requirement.
He said that he is not a member
of any religious group that objected
to its followers participating in war,
but follows the teaching of the Fel-
lowship of Reconciliation, a New
York Pacifist organization.
Speech Contest
Winner Chosen
From Finalists
Leanor Grossman, '43, was selected
from six contestants at the second
Speech 31 finals of the semester in
Natural Science Auditorium yester-
day.
She described the cost and physi-
cal torture which women endure to
try to maintain their beauty. This
creates the huge cosmetic industry,
she insisted in her speech, "The
Slipping Beauty."
John Steward, '43, pointed out the
comparison between the present
world conflicts and the events lead-
ing to the World War in his speech,
"Our Promise of Yesterday."
Richard Meade, '42, pointed out the
wear and tear on students and the
cost yearly of walking down and then
upstairs to get to the first floor
of Angell Hall in his talk, "It's a
Fine State of Affairs."
Perry Nelson, '42, pointed out the
need of friendliness on campusin
his speech, "Got a Light, Mister?"
while Robert A. Vibbert, '43,described
the life fq a draftee in camps in
his talk, "To Your Posts."
The contest was judged by Prof.
William A. Halstead, Prof. H. H
Bloomer, and Mrs. Glen Mills, all of
the speech department. Mr. Alfred
Partridge, also of the department,
acted as chairman.

Sen. Wheeler Hits
New Deal Officials
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15-)(IP-Sen-
ator Wheeler (Dem-Mont) told re-
porters today that it was well known
in Washington that many highly-
placed officials in the Roosevelt Ad-
ministration "are thinking in terms
of urr in Anril 1

Complete' American War Entry
AdvoatedByr. R. H. Mc owel

Answer To Rep. Woodruff
Urges Action To Secure
'American Way Of Life'
In a letter to Congressman Roy
0. Woodruff in Washington, Dr.
Robert H. McDowell, research as-
sociate in archaeology, Tuesday ad-
vocated "immediate and complete"
American entry into the war against
Nazi Germany, in order to make se-
cure "our liberties, and our American
way of life."
Dr. McDowell, a member of the lo-
cal unit of the National Defense
Committee, wrote Congressman
Woodruff, who recently criticized the
committee as "interventionist," that
he expects that the American people
"will vote for our entry into the war
when and if they become convinced
that failure to make war will in all
Student Co-Ops
To Hold Meet
For Discussion

Entire
Rev.
Will

Campus Is Invited;
H. L. Pickerill
Address Group

Morgenthau Says British
Cannot Pay For Supplies

An all-campus meeting to discuss
campus cooperatives will be held at
4 p.m. tomorrow in Room 319 of the;
Union.
Keynote speaker will be Rev. H.-L.
Pickerill, who has been associated
with Michigan's campus co-ops sinces
their inception. He will speak on
"The Growth of Cooperatives on thei
Michigan Campus - a History and
Evaluation." Also on the program will
be Dorothy Morris, '43A, president
of Katherine Pickerill Cooperative
House and Edward Fried, '41, pres-
ident of the Inter-Cooperative Coun-
cil, who will discuss life in women's
and men's cooperative houses, respec-
tively.
The meeting will be sponsored by
the Inter-Cooperative Council, and
everyone interested in cooperatives is
invited to attend. A special invitation
is extended to those who consider
living or boarding in a cooperative
house next semester and who wish
to acquaint themselves with the co-
operative movement.
Harold Osterweil, '41, chairman of
the Inter-Cooperative Council per-
sonnel committee, requested that all
men students interested in living or
boarding in a co-op next semester
contact him at 7350 and that all
women students thinking of joining
a cooperative phone Ruth Wellington,
'41, at 2-2218.
There are now 13 cooperative
houses on the Michigan campus, nine
of which are for men. There are
three women's houses and a recently
opened house for married couples.

probability bring the destruction of
our liberties and our way of life."
Prof. William H. Hobbs, another
member of the National Defense
Committee and professor-emeritus
in the geology department, assertedr
yesterday that he approved "in gen-t
eral" of the views of Dr. McDowell,
H. Shilo Watt, former corres-
pondent on the London Sunday
Times, will speak at the regular
Saturday luncheon meeting of1
the local unit of the National De-1
fense Committee this week.x
but that an actual declaration oft
war was "out of the question now."t
Prof. Edwin C. Goddard of the Law3
School, also a member of the com-
mittee, expressed the hope that "we
can keep out of the war," and that1
"we should aid Britain, so that we
won't have to get in ourselves."
Col. Henry W. Miller of the en-
gineering college explained that Dr.
McDowell's letter to Congressman
Woodruff had been considered at
last week's meeting of the National
Defense Committee, but that the
members had decided not to make
it the official, opinion of the cor-
mitee, since some of them were not
in precise agreement with Dr. Mc-
Dowell.
Dr. McDowell wrote Congressman
Woodruff that his conclusions for
aiding Britain were based on per -]
sonal observations during 15 'yearst
in the Near East and 'in Europe, and
on studies of Nazi leaders, American]
correspondents, diplomats and lead-
ers.
Reardon Piersol, local business
man, indicated last night that he]
strongly favored Dr. McDowell's po-
sition, and stated that he would sup-
port an actual declaration of war.
Ens Lace Haydon
To Speak Sunday
Eustace Haydon, one of the leaders
of the humanist movement in the
United States, will be the lecture
speaker of the Billing Foundation
here Sunday at 10:45 a.m. at the
morning service of the Unitarian
Church and at the meeting of the
Liberal Students Union at 7:30 p.m;
The author of several books, Dr.
Haydon is a member of the depart-
ment of comparative religion at the
University of Chicago. In coopera-
tion with Prof. Roy Sellers of the
philosophy department, he partici-
pated in the writing and revision of
the humanist manifesto which was
brought out about eight years ago.
His approach to the problem of
religion is from a historical and psy-
chological background. In his books
"The Quest of the Ages" and "Man's
Search for the Good Life," he pre-
sented these viewpoints.

U.S. Treasurer Testifies
At House Investigation
RevealingEnglish Needs
Speech Supports
LendingProgram
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15-(M)-Sec-
retary Morgenthau testified before
the House Foreign Affairs Committee
today that the British "just haven't
got" dollars enough to pay for "any-
thing like what they need" in war
supplies from the United States.
He presented the much-discussed
"balance sheet" of British resources
here a short time after Secretary
Hull, tangling repeatedly with com-
mitteemen critical of Roosevelt For-
eign policy, backed the Administra-
tion's Aid-To-Britain Bill with a plea
that the nation "invoke the law of
self-defense before it is too late."
Hull said the most serious question
today for this country is whether
the control of the high seas shall
pass into the hands of powers bent
on a program of unlimited conquest.
To pointed questions whether the
Bill would violate international law,
Hull urged that the committee take
a "realistic" view of the world sit-
uation, and to queries whether the
measure might lead to war, he re-
plied: "We cannot sit still with our
hands folded until an invader
crosses the border."
Morgenthau asserted that Britain's
total dollar assets as of January 1
were $1,775,000,800. Alongside this
figure, he placed another, $1,555,000,-
000, representing Britain's estimated
dollar receipts during the calendar
year, and a third figure, $3,019,000,-
000, the total of expenditures already
contracted for during the year. He
left a fourth figure blank, to be sup-
plied later by the War and Navy De-
partments. It was the total of what
Britain expects to purchase in 1941
over and above what she already
ordered. Then, in explanation, h
said:
"They can pay this year for what
they have already bought in dol-
lars, but when it comes to finding
the dollars to pay for anything like
what they need--they just haven't
got it." His voice dropped to an
ominous tone as he reached the
last sentence.
The Secetary of the Treasury was
testifying in support of the Adminis-
tration's bill empowering the Pres-
ident to manufacture war implements
here, pay for them from the treas-
ury and then lend the supplies to the
British to be returned or replaced in
kind after the war is over.
Officials in other departments said
that Morgenthau's $1,775,000,000 es-
timate of British assets available for
American purchases covered only the
most easily available wealth. They
pointed out also that the Morgenthau
figure was limited only to the United
Kingdom.
British Empire investments outside
the United States, were estimated
by Morgenthau today at 3,868,000-
000 pounds. (A pound is currently
worth about $4.02).

America To Be Cultural Center
Of World, Horowitz Believes

Sextet Meets Gophers Tonight;
Swimuners Entrain For East

- By S. R. WALLACE
Piano virtuoso Vladimir Horowitz,
whose recital, played to a capacity
crowd in Hill Auditorium last night,
was the seventh in the Choral Union
series, believes that 1iecause of the
current war situation America is fast
becoming the cultural center of the
world.
Horowitz pointed out in an inter-
view yesterday that almost every
great artist in any field has come to
the United States within the past
few years with definite plans for re-
maining. Many of them, like himself,
are planning to becdme citizens. Be-
cause of this influx of talent, Horo-
witz claimed, the world will be look-
ing to this country for advances in
culture and creative art for at least
the next decade. And once we have

By ART HILL
A much improved Michigan hockey
team will take the ice tonight against
Minnesota's strong Gopher aggre-
gation. The Wolverines left Ann Ar-
bor yesterday afternoon and will ar-
rive in Minneapolis today at 11:35
a.m.
There is little to choose between
the records of the two teams, but
the Gophers will rate the edge on the
basis of a tougher schedule thus far
in the season.
Michigan's record stands at two
victories, one tie and three defeats.
Both their wins came over the Mich-
igan College of Mines club by scores
of 6-2 and 4-3. They gained a 1-1
tie in the second game of a two-game
series with Colorado College, having

By WOODY BLOCKl
Undefeated in 19 dual meets overl
a period of two years, Michigan's
swimming team of 11 men will pull
out of Ann Arbor early this morn-
ing for Pittsburgh, where they
match strokes with the Univcrsite
of Pittsburgh Panthers tonight.
The Wolverines will be seeking
their second victory of the presynt
campaign, having already swamped
Pennsylvania 51-23 in a dual meet at
the Buffalo Athletic Club.
Pitt Is Untested
Champions of the Eastern Colleg-
iate Association, the Panthers have
not yet been tested this year. Coach
Ben Grady will be hard put, however,
to find enough strength to out-score
the powerful Wolverines even though
Matt Mann is not taking several

Morgenthau did not add the fig-
ures for British assets and estimated
receipts, but their total was $3,330v-
000,000. Deducting $3.019,000,000,
the total of war supplies contracted
fo,~ this left $311,000,000 to be ap-
plied to the bill for supplies -still to
be ordered during the year.
Ethiopians Incited
To Fight Italians
ON THE ETHIOPIAN-SUDANESE
FRONTIER, Jan. 15-(,P)-The ryth-
mic tom-tom of 44 royal war drums
has broken the desolate silence of
this desert area with a summons to
Ethiopian patriots to rise in arms
against their Italian masters.
From peak to peak the thumping
carried the message from former
Emperor Haile Selassi last tnight,
and today hundreds of Ethiopians
slipped across the border to join
their comrades assembling an army

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