THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, JANUARY 12, 1941
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
The Theatre in New
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NIGHT EDITOR: ROSEBUD SCOTT
The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
Interstate Trade . .
NOT SO LONG AGO a general ten-
denc was noticed among the states
of the union to erect more and more trade bar-
riers to "protect" themselves from one another.
The result, of course, was to deprive the con-
sumers of the nation of the benefits of a free
and easy flow of goods. Prices increased, en-
mities were caused and the effect on the country
from every standpoint was harmful.
As an increasing number of people came to
i realize the dangers inherent in such actions a
4 concerted effort was made toward the elimina-
tion of the barriers. The amount of success
realized by the drive allows one to view the
npresent situation with a fair amount of opti-
mism. In the past year several advances have
National and regional conferences have been
held which have begun the job of eliminating
barriers and applying uniform standards to the
interstate shipment of dairy products and plant
life. The Detroit Free Press reports that "at
least 20 states negotiated agreements cancelling
laws that hampered the interstate movement
of passenger cars ..."
One of the most recent, and perhaps most
important, developments is a decision of the
Supreme Court of the United States declaring
void a tax barrier set up by North Carolina. This
state taxed out-of-state retail merchants who
attempted to display merchandise anywhere
within its boundaries for the purpose of obtain-
ing orders. Of such a tax the unanimous deci-
sion of the court reads that "the freedom of
commerce which allows the merchants of each
state a regional or national market for their
goods is not to be fettered by legislation, the
actual effect of which is to discriminate in favor
of intrastate business."
WE MAY ALLOW such recent advances against
interstate tariffs to make us a bit optimistic.
However, we must not allow ourselves to become
at all entirely satisfied, for there remains still
a great deal more to be done in this field.
Michigan, itself, has retained restrictions to
the free movement of trade. For instance, there
is a tax in this state which favors Michigan
grown grapes. It is this tax which has caused
no end of trouble with California. Michigan, of
course, is not the only offender. Practically
every state in 'the union has some type of re-
striction on its statute books.
Thus, it is the responsibility of the states to
guard against the adoption of a self-satisfied
attitude because of the gains which have already
been made. Instead, they should work harder
than ever and look forward toward the day when
not a single artificial and unsound trade barrier
- Homer Swander
50 Years Ago
Jan. 12, 1890-Dr. Charles Gatchell will give
an exhibition of the methods of "mind reading"
in University Hall, on Friday, for the benefit of
WASHINGTON - One time when even the
topmost congressional bigwigs toe the mark is
when the President comes to Capitol Hill to de-
liver a message. In enforcing their rules, Secret
Service men are no respecters of rank or title.
So strict were their safeguards the day Roose,-
velt delivered his annual message that Vice Pres-
ident Jack Garner and Speaker Sam Rayburn
were hustled out of an elevator, and Representa-
tive Bob Doughton, venerable chairman of the
Ways and Means Committee, almost had to
stand during the speech.
Hurrying out of the Vice President's private
office on the first floor of the Capitol just before
FDR arrived, Garner and Rayburn started for
an elevator to ascend to the House floor.
"Sorry, gentlemen," explained the operator,
courteous young Haley Scurlock, "but the Secret
Service has given me strict orders to hold this
elevator for the President and not to haul any-
Both looked at Scurlock in silence for a mo-
ment; then, with a shrug, Garner remarked:
"Okay, son. Come on, Sam, let's walk up. Orders
Meanwhile, someone had usurped Doughton's
seat while the North Carolinian was ushering the
President into the chamber. Sizing up the situ-
ation, an alert doorkeeper rushed out into the
Speaker's lobby for a chair.
"Don't carry that chair in while the President
is speaking," commanded a Secret Service man.
It might disturb him."
"Listen," snapped the doorkeeper, "this chair
is for a 77-year-old House leader. If the Presi-
dent knew Bob Doughton was standing, he'd be
ot here doing this himself. I'm going to carry
it in whether you like it or not."
And he did.
So noisy was the welcome of the Democrats
that for the first time in the memory of veterans
-probably in history- the President started his
message without being formally introduced.
Official procedure calls for the Speaker to
arise and announce "The President of the United
However, after Roosevelt was escorted in by
House Sergeant-at-Arms Kenneth Romney plus
a committee from both chambers, the ovation
was so loud and long that the President, with
TO THE EDITOR
To the Editor:
These are the general points of a personal
attitude, not the credo of the American Students
Defense League, of which the writer is temporary
president. Because the writer believes these
things he supports the ASDL.
From the immediate view of securing our own
welfare we must recognize that this world is not
great enough to hold American democracy and
the Fascist spirit. The opposite belief can stem
only from profound ignorance of the nature of
the Nazi goal. And the fostering of the belief
that Germany will stop with the continent of
Europe is the greatest single weapon of Nazi
propaganda. Yet, one nation after another has
fallen because it would not believe what it saw
and heard, what the Nazis did and boasted of-
the concentration of all the power and resources
of a great country to one single aim, self-
aggrandizement. This is the reverse side of the
two-fold Nazi goal - the individual may have
only one ideal and that is the state and its serv-
ice. And that state is committed to a policy of
unbounded expansion. That is why I say that
the Nazi philosophy is not negative, not self-
destructive, but probably the stronges~t positive
force for evil which the world has ever known.
This very perversion of idealism makes Nazi
Germany the greatest experiment ever under-
taken in moulding a nation to a single purpose.
This purpose will not be dealt with until it is
halted by force. That is the reason that from
interest in our own welfare alone we must com-
bat Nazi Germany. It seems almost unnecessary
to point out that this means aiding England to
the extreme, for once we realize that the Nazis
will not stop, we must take the quickest way of
stopping them. And we are confronted with the
overwhelming testimony of facts and the judg-
ment of our best men that if we are to oppose
Fascism we must give all aid to the only nation
which stands actively against Fascism - if only
because it is the terrible truth that America
would otherwise face suffocation economically
and destruction physically by a Europe united
against her, a Europe - and an Asia - by which
she would be hopelessly outclassed in numbers,
resources and industries.
From the other point of view which we may
take - the attitude of the idealist and the ideal-
istic element of our national policy, which is
great - the situation is equally clear. It is true
that the "American ideal" is vague in many
minds. But it is a sum of the ideals which we
hold as individuals - liberty, freedom to seek
the truth, the religious ideal, democratic gov-
ernment, freedom of speech. But this is the
vital point - the very holding of an ideal implies
the duty to follow it with all our ability and with
all our effort. It is a categorical demand which
we accept when we recognize an ideal. At the
present time, let us not forget, these ideals are
faced with destruction. There is only one nation
one eye on the clock and the other on the micro-
phone before him, seized the first opening to
launch into his speech - giving the waiting
Rayburn no chance to observe protocol,
Later, he joshed Rayburn about it in his
chambers. "Sam, you broke a precedent today,"
he said, with mock severity. "Why didn't you
"You didn't give me a chance, and anyway, I
figured everybody knew you."
"I'll take the will for the deed, Sam," laughed
Roosevelt. "Your intentions were good."
Hatching New Diplomats
The embryo "career diplomats" of the State
Department are taking their examinations this
week, and one lone, brave young woman is stand-
ing up among them. She is the only woman out
of 91 persons taking the final examination, and
her chances of success are not very bright.
This final examination is oral. It is given to
applicants who have already passed severe writ-
ten examinations in September. Nine women
took the written exams; eight failed.
The sole survivor-whose name cannot be
disclosed until the Foreign Service Board has
passed judgment on her-may be brilliant, she
may be beautiful, she may be endowed with
every diplomatic talent. But she isn't wanted
in the Foreign Service.
Men are needed-but not women. The service
maintains the fiction of' equal rights, but ,actu-
ally, since most countries of the world regard
a woman as only a domestic creature, the State
Department finds it hard to send women to
diplomatic posts, in these tough times.
The board will select about 30 of the 91 can-
didates, and will send them abroad almost im-
Thrilled A Farmer
A home town farmer friend was kidding home-
ly Claude Wickard, Secretary of Agriculture,
about sitting next to Clark Gable at the Pres-
ident's defense "fireside chat."
"You know, Claude," the friend said, "there
are a lot of young ladies bac5 in Indiana whose
hearts fluttered when they heard you were pal-
ling around with a movie star."
"Well," replied Wickard ruefully, "that's just
about the closest I ever came to getting the
What of character? Does character tend to be
consistent? Is character predictable? What
men do for policy's sake, to be in style, to travel
with the set, to please the boss, is not thought of
as "in character." To follow custom, to apple-
polish, to be sure not to disappoint the climbing
social mother, to sleep with the boys at the
house, to be a good fellow and all that, is not to
be in character. It is being out of character.
The boys at The Daily, with many great edi-
tors, seem to have come to appreciate Heywood
Broun who died a few months ago? Why? Not
because he knew his epoch so much as because
the columnist was sincere. He put his name on
what he wrote, and wrote as he pleased. He lived
his life out in the open where the editorial policy,
a.s policy, might control in the little things, but
when it came to a matter of conscience Mr.
Broun was always true to himself.
Youth recognize that principle while their
parents tend to veer away from it or ignore it.
Children value directness and almost instinc-
tively warm up to genuineness and candor. Per-
haps that is what Jesus meant when He stated
"Whosoever shall not receive the Kingdom of
God as a little child he shall in no wise enter
therein." (Luke: 18:17). Als , that type of action
spells greatness even to ien who themselves
seem unable to rise to it in their own personal
or professional conduct.
Another incident bears upon this phase of un-
derstanding. Character is rooted in wisdom. It
is deeper than knowledge. Last summer a large
body of university men representing Science,
Philosophy, and Religion gathered in New York
to discuss how these three disciplines may more
adequately serve our American life. Many im-
portant papers were read but the one which
claimed a central place, challenged all who were
present, and found its way across the country,
was a rather direct, simple statement of his idea
of God, by Albert Einstein. He brought none of
his technical learning to bear but wrote as one
man to other men. He strove to strip religious
usage of its secondary baggage. He revealed his
pain over the cruelty in the world and made
himself one with all sufferers. In this mood his
contribution attained a significance far beyond
its worth as a contribution either to his own
discipline or that of the theologians. We seemed
to admit that there was candor. Einstein was
With us, and nearer to the daily experience of
our decade, is the former student who, because
of conscience, can face a prison sentence rather
than accept conscription. Mr. Czymanski repre-
sents character because he is rigidly consistent
with the scale of values he has developed.
Counselor in Religious Education.
Edward W. Blakeman
tirely evil. This is the greatest struggle, and its
nature implies that there can be no peace of
appeasement. Each side is irreconcilably com-
mitted to persevere. All old comparisons are
Editor's Note: During the Christ-
mas vacation several of the editorial
staff managed to look in on the work
of the professional theatre in New
York. Hereinafter are recorded their
separate reactions-with no attempt to
draw any mutual, general conclu-
sions. At that, the productions re-
viewed are a fair sample of what New
York is offering this year: a Shakes-
pearean comedy a popular musical
two plays by modern writers, a farce-
. ..With Reservations
One night last week the cast of
'Twelfth Night". assembled on the
twelfth night after Christmas, cut a
commemorative cake, sang, danced,
and made general merriment. And
that is the kind of thing the cast has
been doing at the St. James Theatre
for the past two months: intimate,
thoroughly good-humored, engaging,
and just a bit obvious.
As Margaret Webster, Helen Hayes,
Maurice Evans and Co. see it- and
they are all more or less qualified
observers-the Shakespeare comedy
is a high-spirited affair, slightly on
the rowdy side.
The result is a briskly paced pro-
duction made up of song and dance,
pun and genuine wit, rough-and-
tumble comedy. For all its imagina-
tive conception and skillful i devel-
opment, its atmosphere is primarily
superior music hal which no amount
of rich settings and provocative, if
not Elizabethan, music can quite dis-
pel or change.
This is not to detract from the pro-
duction's fundamental merit, how-
ever. The gulling of Malvolio and
the burlesqued "dueling' scene be-
tween a Viola shivering in knickers
and a Sir Andrew shivering in fear
are excellent fooling. Mr. Evans, as
a delightful Cockney Malvolio "sick
of self-love", can do more with a
pair of spectacles and one word (in-
cidentally, my text does not even
contain that word!) to give meaning
and substance to a character' than
most would-be Shakespearean inter
preters can in a whole evening o
mouthings. Miss Hayes, it seems t
me, is less fortunate. She is charming
appealing and gracious (because sh
is always Miss Hayes), but she lack:
the feeling for scene that Mr. Even
has developed, and definitely fall
short as a Shakespearean-verse read
In the final analysis, your unquali
fied enjoyment of the production i
likely to depend upon whether or no
you believe that there is any genuin
comedy in "Twelfth Night" as Shake
speare wrote it. If you do believ
that, you are likely to be a bit dis
appointed. In any case, it is alle
matter of degree: the St. James i
providing an enitertaining evening.
'Boys And Girls Together
... All Ed Wyni
With Ed Wynn as funny as he i
and with Jane Pickens and Jerr
Cooper in the show, "Boys and Girl
Together" still misses top rankin
because the songs that went ove
can be counted on one finger.
But seeing the "Perfect Fool" per
form is more than ample consolatio:
for the lack of really good music. T
see Ed Wynn in person is an exper
ience that can't be easily retold. Hi
gags are marvelous and his costume
alone are enough to keep the audi
ence laughing throughout the shov
Wynn is entirely different on th
stage from what he is over the ai
or in the movies. He's so logicall
foolish that he amazes even himsel:
He makes the simplest and sanes
action look like the contortions c
a musclebound wrestler.
Adding to the color of the pro
duction are the shapely chorus gir
and some magnificent costume
Wynn has done over the World's Fai
trick of making clothes for chorine
out of bolts of cloth, and done it wel
Jane Pickens is more at home of
the stage than Jerry Cooper. Sb
plays up to Wynn and helps put h:
patter across. Cooper seems shy, an
comes out of his shell only when hi
sings. -Eugene Mandeberg
'The Corn Is Green'
... One Dissenter
I hesitate, feeling somewhat lik
the proverbial fool who rushed in, t
say that I thought the show, con
sidered by the New York critics to b
the best on Broadway, a rather medi
ocre and certainly unprepossessin
drama. Probably I was deficient i
the main prerequisite for an appre
ciation of "The Corn Is Green,-ai
adoring, unquestioning idolatry o
Not being able to color the per
formance of the Ethel Barrymore c
today with memories of what she ha
done in the past, my only basis o
judgement was what I saw in thi
play, and I found her lacking in man
of the qualities which to me seem es
sential to great, or even good, acting
Miss Barrymore has a harsh nasa
voice so that her speech is difficu
to understand. I had the feeling tha
the words, before we heard then
weenrlledaround in the back c
of an altruistic schoolmistress (Ethel
Barrymore), a newcomer to a small
Welsh mining town, to educate one
of the mining boys whom she con-
siders above the average in intellect-
ual possibilities. Her ultimate aim is
to have him win a scholarship to Ox-
ford, and the entire section of the
play is devoted to this cause.
The only hitch in the proceedings
comes when the trollop-daughter of
the housekeeper, incidentally the one
outstanding, living character in the
play, finding the young miner in a
depressed mood, seduces him and
later discovers that she is going to
have a baby. The miner, however
never hears of this as Miss Moffat.
the schoolmistress, takes charge of
everything, and, amid much waiting
and suspense, the scholarship is won.
"It is an earthy play, built out of
the flesh-and-blood experiences of
its creator, Mr. Emyln Williams",
says Miss Barrymore, "and is there-
fore one of the finest pieces of dram-
aturgy ever to appear on the Ameri.-
can stage". The fact that a play is
founded in fact or experience may
help insure its sincerity but, un-
fortunately it does not necessarily
make it great. Although I found Mr.
Williams' life history homey and not
unpleasing, on the whole I didn't
think his autobiography worth all
. . . Cowl And Wood
There are two outstanding rea-
sons why "Old Acquaintance" is play-
ing to full houses, and neither of
them is the plot.
Dwight Deere Wiman has done a
masterful job of writing a three act
play packed with a peppery, fast-
moving dialogue, and two superb
I actresses, Jane Cowl and Peggy Wood
- supply the rest. But the plot is flim-
sy and transparent from the begin-
ning. Wiman seems to have sacri-
A ficed everything for the dialogue, and
- because it is so good nobody cares
f much about the plot anyway.
o Top honors must go to Peggy Wood
, for her brilliant performance of th
e difficult role she plays. As a middle.
s aged divorcee and a writer of torrid
s love stories, Miss Wood plays an un-
sympathetic part which should easily
give Jane Cowl the exclusive love of
the audience. But Miss Wood is so
real that one can't help but admit
that she is one of the best.
Jane Cowl, too, turns in an in-
spiring piece of acting. She also
plays a writer, middle aged. uncon-
ventional and in love with a man
younger than herself. She plays the
part smoothly and convincingly.
It's a real pleasure to see two act-
resses play up to each other as Miss
Cowl and Miss Wood do. In the play
they are old friends, and they carry
on the friendship during the curtain
calls. Each one cooperates with the
other to bring out the best in the
play and between the two of them
they "nake" it.
"Old Acquaintance" is well worth
the effort and time spent upon it.
-Jane Cowl and Peggy Wood take a
fair play and with the aid of the
splendid lines, turn out a class A
. . . Ferrar's Farce
When they took "Charlie's Aunt"
out of mothballs again for Jose Fer-
rar, nobody expected anything un-
usual to happen. After all, a play
that was popular in the late nine-
teenth and early twentieth centuries
hasn't much to offer now. Well, it
hasn't, but Jose Ferrar has, and he
does a fine job of putting the play
Jose is funny, very funny. He goes
through the whole routine of em-
barrassing, comic, and subtle-slap-
stick situations in a way that will
refresh the most blase playgoer. When
Jos6 dressed as an old woman wear-
ing a gray wig and ankle-length
skirts leaps about the stage, climbs
trees, and pulls apart dinner tables
he has his audience in stitches.
It is true that the play offers ab-
solutely nothing of lasting value. It
I is true that one can carry nothing
s away but the rather startling sight
of Jose Ferrar making love to two
I young girls while masquerading as
e an elderly lady, but it is also true
- that while in the theatre, you'll have
I side-aches from laughing.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
SUNDAY, JANUARY 12, 1941
VOL. LI, No. 76
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the 'University.
President and Mrs. Ruthven will
be at home to members of the faculty
and other townspeople today from
4 to 6 o'clock.
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday afternoon, January 15,
from 4 to 6 o'clock.
To the Members of the University
Council: The January meeting of the
University Council will be omitted.
Louis A. Hopkins, Secretary.
To the Students and Faculty of
the University: Students registered
under the Selective Service Regu-
lations who wish advice relative to
the military service may consult Pro-
fessor C. M. Davis, Room 1209, An-
gell Hall. Members of the faculty
may consult me in my office, Room
1213 Angell Hall. Both students
and faculty are welcome to the serv-
ices of Miss Bertha Beck as a notary,
in Room 1213 Angell Hall.
Louis A. Hopkins
The Dictaphone Station will be in
the Council Room, 1009 Angell Hall,
during the week of January 13. In-
sofar as possible the work will be
carried on in the regular manner.
However, there will not be telephone
service and it will be necessary for
all persons to call in person at the
office. Repairs to the office necessi-
tate this temporary change.
Notice to Men Students: For the
information of men students living
in approved rooming houses, the first
semester shall end on Thursday,
February 13, and the second semester
shall begin on the same day.
Students living in approved room-
ing houses, who intend to move to
different quarters for the second sem-
ester, must give notice in writing to
the Dean of Students before 4:30 on
Thursday, January 23, 1941. Forms
for this purpose may be secured at
Room 2, University Hall. Students
should also notify their household-
ers verbally before this date. Per-
mission to move will be given only
to students complying with this re-
All Students, Registration for Sec-
ond Semester: Each student should
plan to register for himself during
the appointed hours. Registrations
by proxy will not be accepted.
of conferences with your classifier.
Please wait for this notice before
seeing your classifier.
Robert L. Williams,
Registration Material, College of
L.S.&A., and Schools of Education
and Music: Students should call for
second semester registration material
at Room 4, University Hall, as soon
as possible. Please see your adviser
and secure all necessary signatures.
Robert L. Williams
Women Students are reminded that
they must register any change of
residence for the second semester in
the Office of the Dean of 'Women
by noon of January 15. They must
also inform their househead of their
intention by that date.
Requests to cancel dormitory con-
tracts should be made in writing.
Such letters should give reason for
change and be addressed to Miss
Jeannette Perry, Office of the Dean
of Women. All requests will be act-
ed upon by the Conference Commit-
tee of the Residence Halls.
Househeads, Dormitory Directors
and Sorority Chaperons: Women "tu-
dents may have late permission on
Monday, January 13, to attend "Hell-
zapoppin." They must return im-
mediately after the performance.
The Library *Committee will meet
on Friday, Jan. 17. Members of the
Faculties having requests to lay be-
fore the Committee are asked to have
them in the hands of the Librarian
of the University not later than noon
of Thursday, Jan. 16.
German Departmental Library: All
books are due January 20.
Choral Union Members: Members
of the Choral Union, in good stand-
ing, will please call for their Horo-
witz courtesy tickets, Wednesday,
Jan. 15, between the hours of 9 and
12 and 1 and 4 at the offices of the
University Musical Society] in Burton
Memorial Tower. After four o'clock
no tickets will be issued.
Members are also requested to re-
turn at the same time their copies of
the "Messiah" and to receive in ex-
change copies of Tschaikowsky's "Eu-
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has a call for two men, either internes
or registered physicians, for Boy
Scout camps next summer. If inter-
ested, call at the Bureau, 201 Mason