100%

Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue

Share

Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

December 17, 1940 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1940-12-17

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

TUES8DAYDECEMBER 17, 1940

_.

Letters

To

The Editor

Treat

THE REPLY CHURLISH
By TOUCHSTONE

Education, Opera, Swimming)

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newpaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Bubscriptions during the regular school year by
carrier $4.00; by mail, $4.50.
REPRESENTED FOR NATIONAL ADVERTISING BY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MADISON AVE. NEW YORK. N. Y.
CHICAGO " BOSTON + LOS ANGELES * SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1940-41
Editorial Staff

Hervie Haufler
Alvin Sarasohn
Paul M. Chandler
Karl Kessler
Milton Orshefsky
Howard A. Goldman
Laurence Mascott
Donald Wirtchafter
Esther Osser
Helen Corman

Managing Editor
* . . .Editorial Director
. . . . . City Editor
. . , . . Associate Editor
Associate Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
* . . Associate Editor
. Sports Editor
. . . . .Women's Editor
. . . . Exchange Editor

Business Staff
Business Manager .
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager

Irving Guttman
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
Jane Krause

NIGHT EDITOR: A. P. BLAUSTEIN
The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
writers only.
Anti-Strike Legislation-

Is It Fair To Labor?

0 0 *

NDICATIONS FROM WASH[NG-
TON are that anti-shike laws may
be passed in the near future to curb the ac-
tivities of labor groups working in national,
defense industries. Strikes would be prohibited
or severely limited in extent so that defense
needs would not be slowed down by lack of
workers.
Congress is basing its anti-strike laws on the
facts already in existence. There have been
strikes at several Army and Navy yards and
the latest flareup was at the Vultee factory on
the west coast. In each case the strike has
tied up orders which 'the Army, Navy and Air
Corps consider essential for national defense.
In considering anti-strike legislation, Congress
hopes to keep war industries going at top speed.
But so far only one side of the issue has been
discussed, labor's end of things. -How about the
employers, the manufacturers. What will be
done to see that they keep their end of the bar-
gain? If labor's right to strike is removed, they
must have concrete assurance that capital will
not abuse the hold it will inevitably have if
labor is prevented from action. In other words,
how can labor know that employers will not
take unfair advantage of the proposed laws?
AND LABOR has good reason to fear the con-
sequences of anti-strike legislation. Cer-
tainly labor has been greedy to make as much
as possible out of the war industries. But the
manufacturers' slate is no cleaner. It was the
aircraft companies who prevented national de-
fense work from an early start by their demand
for, exorbitant profit on the vast government
orders. It was the aircraft companies who de-
mtanded concessions which would throw the
national government unnecessarily further into
debt. Even after the fact was made clear that
new plants would be built at federal expense,
and would become the property of the private
concerns, the manufacturers still were unwill-
ing, in many cases, to take government orders.
These are the men in whom labor must put
its faith if the anti-strike laws are passed.
These are the men who will determine wages
and hours, beyond present legislation. These
are the men who will control labor's future in
the war industries manufacturing. ,
F there is yet a sense of democracy and equal-
ity in this country, Congress will pass paral-
lel laws regulating the manufacturers employing
these men who cannot strike. Congress must
provide for them just as adequately as it pro-
vides for the continued speed of the national
defense projects.
-Eugene Mandeberg

Rereading Horace Mann
To the Editor:
I trust you can find some space on your edi-
torial page for the enclosed quotation from Hor-
ace Mann. It may do some good to hear again
the voice of one who spoke when America was
still promises. If a first reading does not bring
out its significance and applicability, please give
it a second reading. - B. B.
"Education is to inspire the love of truth, as
the supremest good, and to clarify the vision
of the intellect to discern it. We want a gen-
eration of men above deciding great and eternal
principles, upon narrow and selfish grounds. Our
advanced state of civilization has evolved many
complicated questions respecting social duties.
We want a generation of men capble of taking
up these complex questions, and of turning all
sides of them towards the sun, and of examining
them by the white light of reason, and not under
the false colors which sophistry may throw upon
them.
"We want no men who will change, like the
vanes of our steeples, with the course of the
popular wind; but we want men who, like moun-
tains, 'will change the course of the wind. We
want no more of those patriots who exhaust
their patriotism, in lauding the past; but we
want patriots who will do for the future what
the past has done for us. We want men cap-
able of deciding, not merely what is right in
principle, that is often the smallest part of the
case; -but we want men capable' of deciding
what is right in means, to accomplish what is
right in principle. We want men who will speak
to this great people in counsel, and not in flat-
tery.
"We want godlike men who can tame the mad-
ness of the times, and, speaking divine words in
a divine spirit, can say to the raging of human
passions, 'Peace, be still;' and usher in the calm
of enlightened reason and conscience. Look at
our community, divided into so many parties and
factions, and these again subdivided, on all
questions of social, national, and international
duty; -while, over all stands, almost unheeded,
the sublime form of Truth, eternally and indis-
solubly ONE! Nay, further, those who do not
agree in thought who agree in words. Their
unanimity is a delusion. It arises from the im-
perfection of language. Could men, who sub-
scribe to the same forms of words, but look into
each other's minds, and see, there, what fea-
tures their own idolized doctrines wear, friends
would often start back from the friends they
have loved, with as much abhorrence as from
the enemies they have persecuted.
"Now, what can save us from endless con-
tention, but the love of truth? What can save us
and our children after us, from eternal, im-
pecable, universal war, but the greatest of all
human powers, -the power of impartial
thought? Many, -may I not say most, -of those
great questions, which make the present age boil
and seethe, like a caldron, will never be set-
tled, until we havesa generation of men who were
educated, from childhood, to seek for truth and
to revere justice . . . Teach children, if you will,
to beware of the bite of a mad dog; but teach
them still more faithfully, that no horror of
water is so fatal as a horror of truth, because
it does not come from our leader or our party."
- Horace Mann (1838)
Ohioan On Swimming Schedules
To the Editor:
The Daily Double has for some time been
bemoaning ithe fact that the rest of the Con-
ference is dodging the scheduling of Michigan's
National Collegiate Swimming Champs. Such
practices if allowed to continue, writes Mr. Wirt-
chafter, will set a precedent allowing the weaker
members of the Big Ten to avoid meeting the
stronger members of the Conference. As to
precedent setting, it would seem that Michigan
is the guilty party.
In 1939 after his team had won both the Big
Ten and the National Collegiate crowns for the
umpteenth time, Matt Mann decided not to
enter a team in the National AAU meet. "My
boys have had enough swimming for oe year,"
said Matt, "it's time they settled down to a little

studying." Immediately the Ohio State paper
began howling about Mann's being afraid to
enter a team because he knew that in the AAU
meet Michigan would take a licking since Al
Patnik and Earl Clark would pile up an impreg-
nable lead in the two diving events. Of course,
the Sports Staff poo-poohed the idea that Ohio
State would have beaten the Wolverines if they
had deigned to enter the meet. In fact, Sports
Editor Mel Fineberg went so far as to figure
out on paper exactly how the meet would have
gone if Michigan had entered. His calculations
had the Wolves in first place by several points.
A year later, after his "greatest team I've
ever coached" had won the Big Ten and Na-
tional titles again, Matt Mann took his victor-
ious team to New York where they stayed for
ONE WEEK practicing for the AAU meet which
they eventually won. When the Wolverines
entered the meet, Sports Editor Fineberg wrote
in his column that he was expecting more trou-
ble from the Ohio State paper. To my know-
ledge, no comment was forthcoming in the
Buckeye journal.
Well, the point is, that in '39, when there was
a reasonable doubt about Michigan's ability to
win the AAU meet, Matt Mann did not enter
a team with the explanation that he didn't want
his boys to miss too much school work.. In '40,

To The Daily, Thanks
To the Editor:
I'd like to take this opportunity to publicly
thank you for the Daily's cooperation in putting
over this year's Union Opera. We appreciate
the space you allotted to our venture, and the
fair review that followed our opening night.
The Mimes production committee would also
like to thank all non-members who offered
their services off and on the stage. Acknow-
ledgment is also due to the Varsity Men's Glee
Club, which gave up a good deal of its rehearsal
time to practice as a unit for the "Take A Num-
ber" scenes.
And finally, a last and most important vote
of thanks goes to the Michigan campus which
supported the opera to the extent of a sell-out
for all five performances, and which has insured
our continuing the opera tradition next year.
We of Mimes feel that the opera is not ex-
clusively our dramatic society's or the Union's
show, but is primarily Michigan's varsity show,
and it is with this in mind that we are starting
next year's plans. We hope in 1942 to give the
opera national importance.
- Jack Silcott, '40, chairman
English 31 Protests
To the Editor:
We, the members of English 31, acting upon
the suggestion offered by the Committee of
History 41, have also formed an independent
committee motivated by the same reason - to
safeguard the civil liberties of the students on
this campus.
As the Committee of History 41, we are will-
ing to realize that there may be adequate rea-
sons for the action taken against the two senior
editors of The Daily, the ASU and Margaret
Campbell. We cannot help but feel, however,
that a certain amount of discrimination has en-
tered into these actions. And this discrimina-
tion is what we stand against.
We should be very much interested in hearing
similar expression from other class committees
and look forward in the near future to the pos-
sible integration of several class committees
into an organiz(gl student group for the pro-
tection of civil liberties on the campus.
- The Committee of English 31
'For Whom The Bell Tolls'
To the Editor:
Re: Jay McCormick's review of "For
Whom the Bell Tolls."
You will no doubt receive many letters criti-
cizing your review of Hemingway's "For Whom
the Bell Tolls." Some of them will no doubt be
more authoritative than mine. But at least I
have read the book. I think I read it carefully.
First I must take issue with your interpreta-
tion of the basic idea. You write of the heroic
subjugation of self for the ideal. It seems to
me that even in the end any subjugation was
grudging. Certainly it was up to the last few
hours. Notice that in the whole work there is
no political discussion - even in the Hotel Gay-
lord where the Russians were established. Oc-
casionally there was vague reference to "the
Republic" or "the movement", nothing more.
Certainly there could be no real loyalty or de-
votion to a cause without at least a rudimentary
understanding. If there were a lack of under-
standing then the work would ring true. My
contention is that the Spanish masses - es-
pecially those engaged in guerrilla combat -
did have a beautiful and profound conception
of the struggle. Granted ignorance they would
have behaved as Hemingway portrays them. Btt
they were anything but ignorant.
Why this praise of Maria, the "heroine?" She
seemed to be about as capable of thought as
Dorothy Lamour is of acting. Hemingway seems
to have her in the book only for super sexy
passion. One critic pointed this out as the sure
road to Hollywood. I very much agree with him.
But what of the truly vicious political side
of the book?
Can any critic who has any knowledge of the
war let certain of the nastiest lies pass unno-
ticed? Whatofathe slander againstmPasionaria?
Hemingway says she had a son of military age
in the Soviet Union. True, she did, but when
the war broke out that son returned to fight.
How many times does the second half of the
story have to be told to stop the story? Perhaps

those pages on Andre Marty are even worse -
worse because they are prolonged and make
more of an impression. Marty, according to
Hemingway, makes a hobby of throwing guefV
rilla couriers in jail and subsequently shooting
them. And just because he wants to know
what all the dispatches are about! Hemingway
does not mention the fact that it was Marty
who was the greatest friend the guerrillas had.
It was he who got their supplies across the lines.
I suggest, Jay, that you talk to the last remain-
ing member of the Abe Lincoln Battalion on
this campus. He can tell you a few things
about Andre Marty!
Since Hemingway is gunning for Hollywood
I think he might well go there. He won't have
to worry about vulgar politics or even truth
there.
For you, Jay, I suggest Andre Malraux's
"Man's Hope."
With literary crankiness,
- Roger Lawn
Tribute To Lord Lothian
Great Britain has lost an extremely able pub-
lic servant in the death of Lord Lothian, Am-
bassador to the United States, who was pecul-
iarly fitted by experience and temperament for
the post he had held since shortly before the

I hope my readers will betas happy
as I am that STARDUST takes over
today's column. Besides giving me an
extra hour of twilight sleep, her, or
his, contribution gives me the pros-
pect of a free meal. - Touchstone
Dear Mr. Touchstone:
One of my infrequent dates who
happens to be "in the know" pointed
out to me one of your columns of
last week in which you asked, among
other things, that the mystery per-
sonality of Gargoyle take over your
Daily space for some future issue.
Well, brother scribe, this is it.
While refusing to reveal the iden-
tity of STARDUST, I nevertheless
do intend /to elaborate on some of
the contentions which you seem so
wraught over. First of all, for a
literary personage of your own ob-
vious merit - why is it so impossi-
ble for you to tell whether my sex
is male or female? Surely a writer
who knows all the foibles and idio-
syncracies of writers should be able
to tell whether my feeble efforts
bear the rugged characteristics of
a burly, chin-whiskered realist, or
the gay fantastic imprint of the
typically flighty feminine mind. Es-
pecially this should be evident to you,
whose columns are definitely a prod-
uct of a precocious male-child's fer-
tile ennui! Yes, sorry, Touchstone,
you old baggy-trousered Man, I know
you.
But enough of the free publicity
for both of our little reckoned-with
personalities. I imagine that your
original invitation to me was mere-
ly a solicitation for another Garg-
type manuscript on the boy-girl re-
lationships in the great American
date, What goes on, and who done it.
Alright -here's my opportunity
to reveal in all due modesty where
I garnered the material which al-
lows me to set myself up as an au-
thority on osculation, the art of
dating-and to preview next month's
Garg offering-the Way Of A Maid
That Fences. (Fencing is always an
athletic sport, but not always car-
ried on under the supervision of
the WAB, you know.)
I must admit, at the danger of
much protest from Gargoyle's editor
Donaldson, who thinks he has an
authority in me, that a minimum
of my exposition springs from actual
experience. I am not a kissless stu-
dent - but neither am I a well-
kissed specimen. I have done my bit
of dating - but I have never missed
a bluebook because of a rip-roaring
night before. I have even on one or
two occasions had to discourage the
attentions of an ardent companion
- but I can't say I'm overstrained
from fencing.
As a matter of fact, believe me
Touchstone, I have dipped deep into
the well of life only through the
related experiences of others, or,
since I guess I'm not too gullible,
through the imagined experiences

related by others. Mix this vicarious
education with a peculiarly receptive
character. and you have STARDUST
. . . an average Michiganite with
fairly large ears, facile typing fin-
gers and nothing to lose whenbher,
or his, identity is revealed but a
reputation.
What amuses me particularly
about my job, however, is the ex-
cuse it provides me for starting to
prove my own articles. It's one
thing to dish out the stuff for my
monthW- stipend from Donaldson,
and it's another to have to practice
what I preach. Or have my readers
been having the same difficulty? I
doubt that they have, for although
in my own case I burst out laughing
at the crucial moments, remember-
ing my own warnings on the par-
ticular intimate moment, I DO know
that the critical observations I've
made and the pointed advice I've
given hit home in their given situa-
tions. And you can take a world-
weary observer's word for it that the
biological reaction called 'romance'

is just about the same on every cam-
pus, in every arboretum.
Well, old man Touchstone, that is
about all that my copyright con-
tracts will allow me to expand upon
. . . although you and I have one
point to settle. Some day in the
near future when the Gargoyle is
in desperate straits again and needs
boost its circulation, it is going to
build up a promotion scheme with
mfy identity revealed at the tail end
of it. Then you'll know. And at
that time, I am going to take you
to the Union for dinner of a Sunday
eve, and also invite any of the cam-
pus intellectuals who can pay their
own way. There we will hold court,
also holding forth on that most
tempting of subjects upon which I
have capitalized, Man-Woman stuff.
But whether you have to pull out
my chair before I sit down to dine,
or whether I lend you my pipe to-
bacco after yon meal, I cannot say
. . . And as someone once declared
to the tune of classic verse ... "Only
the event shall teach us in its hour."
-Stardust

TUESDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1940 t
VOL. L. No. 67E
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University.
Notices
First Mortgage Loans: The Univer-
sity has a limited amount of funds tof
loan on modern, well-located, Ann
Arbor residential property. Inter-
est at current rates. F.H.A. terms1
available. .Apply Investment Office,1
Room 100, South Wing, UniversityI
Hall.
Public Health Assembly: Dr. Lon
W. Morrey, Supervisor of the Bureau;
of Public Relations of the American
Dental Association, will be the guest1
speaker at the Public Health Assem-
bly today at 4:00 p.m. in the Audi-
torium of the W. K. Kellogg InstituteI
of Graduate and Postgraduate Den-
tistry. The subject of Dr. Morrey's
address will be "The Interests and1
Activities of the American Dental As-I
sociation in Health Education." All
professional students in public healthf
are expected to attend. An invitation
is extended to all others interested.
The Automobile Regulation will bet
lifted for the Christmas vacation_
period beginning at 12 noon on Fri-
day, Dec. 20, 1940, and will be re-t
sumed Monday, Jan. 6, 1941, at 8:00
a.m.
Office of The Dean of Students
Househeads, Dormitories, Sorori-
ties and League Houses: Any student
desiring to remain over night Friday,
December 20, can be accommodated
in the houses but the closing hour willr
be 8:00 p.m. Closing hour Thursday
will be 10:30 p.m. as usual.
Seniors: College of L.S. and A.,
School of Education, and the Schoolt
of Music: Tentative lists of seniors
have been posted in Room 4, Uni-
versity Hall. If your name does not
appear, or, if included there, it is
not correctly spelled, please notify
the counter clerk.
To Students of Engineering and
¢hose enrolled in the course of Lec-
tures on Naval Subjects. Lieutenant
Commander S. N. Pyne, U.S.N. of the
Navy Department, wil be in Room 326
West Eng. after 10:00 a.m. on Thurs-
day, December 19, for the purpose of
meeting students of Naval Architec-
ture and Marine Engineering who
expect to graduate in February, 1941;
and who may be interested in making
application for a commission in the
Construction Corps of the Naval Re-
serve.
At 4:00 p.m. he will address those
enrolled in the Lecture Course on
Naval Subjects, and students of all
Engineering branches expecting to
graduate in 1941 who may be inter-
ested, in Room 348 West. Eng., on

the subject of the opportunities off-
ered through a commission in the
Naval Reserve.
Prospective Applicants for the
Combined Curricula: Students wish-
ing to apply for admission to one of
the combined curricula for Septem-
ber 1941 should fill out applications
for such admission as soon as possible
in Room 1210 Angell Hall. The final
date for applications is April 20, 1941,
but early application is advisable.
Pre-medical students should please
note that application for admission
to the Medical School is not appli-
cation for admission to the Combin-
ed Curriculum. A separate application
should be made out for the consid-
eration of the Committee on Com-
bined Curricula.
Freshmen and Sophomores, Col-
lege of Literature, Science, and the
Arts: Elections for the second sem-
ester are now being approved by the
Academic Counselors. You will be
notified by postcard to see your Coun-
selor and it will be to your decided
advantage to reply to this summons
promptly. By so doing, you will be
able to discuss your program care-
fully with your Counselor and avoid
the rush and confusion at the end
of the semester. Remember that
there-will be no opportunity for you
to see your Counselor during the fin-
al examination period.
Arthur Van Duren
Chairman, Academic Counselors
Applications in support of research
projects: To give the Research Com-
mittees and the Executive Board ade-
quate time for study of all proposals,
it is requested that faculty members
having projects needing support dur-
ing 1941-1942 file their proposals in
the Office of the Graduate School by
Friday, January 10, 1941. Later re-
quests will, of course, be considered
toward the close of the second semes-
ter. Those wishing to renew' previous
requests whether receiving support
or not should so indicate. Applica-
tion forms will be mailed or can be
obtained at Secretary's Office, Room
1508 Rackham Building, Telephone
331.
The Dictaphone Station will re-
main open during the University
Christmas Vacation. It will be ap-
preciated if those desiring work to
be completed during the first week of
the new year will leave their copy
with instructions before December 21.
Your co-operation in this matter
last year was of much help.
International Center: Foreign Stu-
dents' Attenion: All foreign students
holding student's visas who plan to
enter or to pass through Canada dur-
ing the Christmas Vacation should
see the Counsellor to Foreign Stu-
dents at once. Because of the war,
special arrangements are necessary.
(Continued on Pagd 6)

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

ART

By JOHN MAXON

The.
second

Ann Arbor Art Association's
show of the season is a dis-

play of abstract photographs lent
by New York's Museum of Modern
Art, and a collection of drawings by
American artists. The show lasts
through December twenty-third.
That this exhibit cannot be con-
,idered so stimulating as the Asso-
,iation's first show of the season may
be laid to one's interest in holiday
ictivities at this time, which would
swamp any interest in any but the
greatest art. More than that, though,
,his exhibition simply does not con-
.ain the stuff of excitement. The se-
lection of photographs has the air
of being thrice familiar, due, no
doubt, to the increasing appearance
of work of this sort in popular per-
iodicals. The drawings seem largely
to be a collection of great names,
nothing more.
In the photgraphic material upon
display perhaps the most provoca-
tive is the Rayograph, of 1922 by the
now almost legendary Man Ray. It
is truly abstract in character, its
reference to the appearances of the
commonplace being well-nigh nil.
Edward Weston shows quite straight-
forward work in Rock Erosion, Dunes,
and Pelican Feathers. This is ab-
straction out of completely natural
appearances, without any darkroom
tricks. The same artist's Shell strong-
ly recalls some of the most admired
canvases of Georgia O'Keeffe. Ansel
Adams shows two photographs of
marvelous textural interest, Boat
Hulls, and Boards and Thistles. Per-
haps the most astonishing of the pho-
tographs is the cleverly devised view
of Exchange Place, by an anonymous
amateur. It seems far more genuine
than the much more pretentious
work of Moholy-Nagy, also on dis-
play.
The drawings seem scarcely worthy
of comment. They are of sight value.
Mahonri Young shows an appealing
silver-point, In -Navajo Land, and
E. A. Abbey's At the Window is not
witjhnilt a certa~in sntime~ntal charm.

i
1
F
G
J
5
x
,
L

RADIO SPOTLIGHT
WJR WWJ CKLW WXYZ
750 KH - CBS 920 KC - NBC Red 1030 SC - Mutual 1240 KC- NBC Shui
Tuesday Evening
6:00 News Ty Tyson Rollin' Home Bud Shaver
6:15 Musical Newscast " Evening Serenade
6:30 Inside of Sports Rhumba Orchestra Conga Time Day In Review
6:45 The World Today Lowell Thomas " Texas Rangers
7:00 Amos 'n Andy Fred Waring val Clare Easy Aces
7:15 Lanny Ross Dinner Music Here's Morgan Mr. Keen-Tracer
7:30 Haenschen Orch. Sherlock Holmes Vignettes of Melody Ned Jordan
7:45 Haenschen Orch. " Doc Sunshine
8:00 Missing Heirs Johnny Presents Forty Plus Club Ben Bernie
8:15 Missing Heirs Sentimental C'ncert
8:30 First Nighter Treasure Chest FHA Speakers Question Bee
8:45 First Nighter t Interlude; News t
9:00 We, the People Battle of the Sexes Montreal Sy'ph'n3 Grand Central Sta.
9:15 We, the People " oo
9:30 Professor Quiz Fibber McGee to"The Messiah"
9:45 Professor Quiz to
10:00lf Glenn TMfiller BobHohTne NatiJonal Ne?.1tws

CC
1 ,

The
City Editor's
£iChftc h

ll

11

Back to Top

© 2021 Regents of the University of Michigan