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December 17, 1940 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-12-17

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P

Weather
Light. snow- somiewhat colder.

2

Lift

:43aiti

Editorial
:rlti-strike LeislatiĀ«o-
Is it fair To ILabor'.

1

Fifty Years Of Continuous Publication
VOL. LI. No. 67 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1940 Z-323

'PRICE FIVE CENTS

FDIR Returns
From Cruise
To Speed Up
Rearmament~
Knudsen May Be Named
Defense Commission's
Chairman; Emergency
Termed Terribly Urgent
Tool Makers Urged
To Increase Output
WASHINGTON, Dec. 16. -()-
President Roosevelt returned from a
Caribbean cruise today to tackle the
problem of speeding up rearmament
in a situation described by William
S. Knudsen as one of "terrible urg-
ency."
The Chief Executive came home to
find the Capital absorbed -in specu-
lation as to whether he might give
the chairmanship of the befense
Commission, and with it substantial
powers over industry, to Knudsen.
Many persons close to the defense
program advocated such a step; oth-
er high officials were as firmly op-
posed to any fundamental change in
the setup of the Commission, which
now has no chairmanl.
To many analysts, some major
Presidential move seemed fore-
shadowed by Mr. Roosevelt's state-
ment yesterday that he hoped to
visit Warm Springs, Ga., again next
spring "if the world survives.
'If World Survives'
Knudsen, former president of Gen-
eral Motors Corporation and now
production' chief for the Defense
Commission, spoke grimly in letters
made public today to machine tool
manufacturers and their employes.
Declaring nothing was more vital
to the country's welfare just now
than to hasten the production of
machine tools "desperately needed"
to make airplanes, torpedo boat de-
stroyers and other weapons, Knud-
sen wrote the manufacturers:
"'m not telling you how to do
your job. But if you could see as I
do, from the inside, the terrible urg-
ency of the situation, you would agree
with me that I am not asking too
much in requesting that you use
every conceivable effort to speed up
delivery and increase the production
of machine tools during 1941. Let's
forget everything except the welfare
of our country.
Industry Lauded
"The industry as a whole has done
practically the impossible in trebling
the rate of output in the last two
years. I am appealing to you to do
the impossible again."
In other letters addressed to ma-
chine tool workers, and designed for
posting on bulletin boards in their
plants, Knudsen said they were even
more important than soldiers and
sailors today because the latter were
helpless without munitions.
Densmore Team
Debates Alpha Nu
TodayIn Union
Alpha Nu, honorary speech fra-
ternity, will debate three-man
team representing the Densmore
Speakers Club of Detroit, forensic
group of business men organized by
Prof. G. E. Densmore of the speech
department at 7:30 p.m. today in
the Union.

The lawyers and industrialists who
have been enrolled in the University
Extension speech course will meet
the student group on the question:
"Resolved: That a Decrease in Fed-
eral Power is Advisable."
Merle Webb, '41, Don Smith, and
Dick Steudal, '42, will make up the
Smith, Bernard McKay, and James
Gillon will oppose them in the non-
decision debate.
The public is invited to attend the
debate, which is based on a phase of
the current Western Conference and
national high school debating pro-
position.
Prof. Hoover Gives Talk
Before Economics Club
Prof. Edgar M. Hoover, Jr., of the
economics department speaking be-
fore the Economics Club in Rackham
Amphitheatre last night, expressed
the belief that' decentralization of
defenswa deirahl only from the.

Discussion Of Draft Will Open
Senate Winter Parley Jan. 10

Contralto Soloist

War,
And
Will

Student Activities,
Academic Freedom,
Be Other Topics

The complete agenda for the Stu-
dent Senate's annual winter par-
ley to be held from Jan. 10 to 12, the
first weekend after Christmas vaca-
tion, was disclosed yesterday by Rob-
ert Warner, '43, chairman of the
parley committee. At this date the
speakers have not been definitely
chosen.
The opening session on Friday af-
ternoon will be devoted toa discus-
sion of the draft. Some prominent
state draft official is expected *o
discuss the subject in a general way.
Then a local draft officer is expected
to speak on how the draft affects
the university students. Parley lead-.
ers also plan to get a professional
army man to talk on army life. A nav-
al expert and an authority on the
aeronautical field will also be present
at this forum. Spectators will be
50 University
Health Groups
To' Meet Here
Michigan Doctors To Talk
At Twenty-First Annual
Conference Dec. 27-28
More than 50 health service organ-
ization from university campuses all
over the United States will be rep-
resented at the twenty-first anni-
versary meeting of the American
Student Health Association to be
held in Ann Arbor on Dec. 27 and
28.
This is the first time in the history
of the organization that it has held
its annual meeting in Ann Arbor.
During the two-day sessions in Ann
Arbor papers will be read by various
members of the Association, among
them Dr. John Sundwall, Dr. L. H.
Newburgh, Dr. Phillip Jay, Dr. L.
Himler and Dr. T. Raphael, all of
the University.
As a part of the meeting members
of the Association will participate
in the dedication of the new Health
Service Building.
The Association was formed on
March 4, 1920, when Dr. Sundwall,
then director of the University of
Minnesota Health Service, urged a
meeting of health oficials in Chi-
cago to consider health service needs
for the nation.
Dana To Lead Session
At Forestry Convention
Dean Samuel T. Dana of the School
of Forestry and Conservation will
preside over one session of the an-
nual convention of the Society of
American Foresters, which starts to-
day and will convene until Saturday
at Washington, D. C.
Other faculty men of the forestry
school who are attending are Prof.
L. J. Young, Prof. W. S. Bromley,
Prof. L. S. Ramsdell and Prof. Robert
Craig. Prof. S. W. Allen, a member
of the governing council of the So-
ciety, will be unable to attend.

given an opportunity to ask ques-
tions on the subject.
The discussions on Friday will be
concerned with the war. Three sep-
arate panels are planned. One will
be taken up with such problems of
mobilization as the positions of labor
and' industry, taxes, profits and re-
lated topics, The second panel will
deal with American foreign policy.
Four different speakers will advo-
cate American intervention, all aid
short of war, isolation and finally
complete pacifism.
What the United States should do
to insure future peace if Great Bri-
tan wins will be thessubject ofthe
third panel. Proposals for a new
League of Nations, a federation of
Europe and the breaking up of the
German nation will be examined.
Student activities will be discussed
at the Saturday afternoon session.
Four panels will weigh the place
of extra curricular activities in col-
lege life, fraternities and sororities,
the extent of student government,
and the proper function of student
cooperatives.
The Saturday evening session will
furnish talks and arguments on the
general subj-et of higher education
at three forums. One will take up the
principle of academic freedom, an-
other broad cultural education versus
practical training and -a third will
try to evaluate the honors program.
Sunday will be the final day of the
parley. At that time the subject mat-
ter of the entire parley will be sum-
marized. The significant question of
how may a student plan for his fu-
ture in the light of present conditions
will be considered.
University Men
To Seek Posts
In City Election
Council Presidency Sough:
By Alt; Young To Run
For Mayor In Spring
Two University men announced
their candidacies yesterday for the
offices of mayor and council presi-
dent in the comingspring election.
Prof. Leigh J. Young of the fores-
try school, theeincumbent council
president, will seek the post of may-
or, while Prof. Glenn L. Alt of the En-
gineering College will run to succeed
Young. Alt at the present time is
serving on the council as alderman
of the seventh ward. Both men are
Republicans.
Prof. Walter C. Sadler of the En-
gineering College, the incumbent
mayor, has not disclosed whether
he will seek re-election.
Two other city officials have de-
clared their intentions to run for re-
election. They are City Clerk Fred
C. Perry and City Assessor Herbert
W. Crippen.
Both Young and Alt are exper-
ienced in city government. President
Young has been on the council for
ten years. During the last four he
has held the post of president of that
body. He has been affiliated with the
University since 1911.
Alt was chosen alderman in 1935,
and during the last four years has
served as chairman of the budget
committee.

Important Gains In 1Libya
Claimed By Biritish Army;O
Nazi Official Visits Vichy

Joan Peebles
To Be Soloist
For "Messiah'
[ain,Von Eisenhauer, Hale.
Will Sing Other Roles
In Christmas Recital
The annual Yuletide offering of
Handel's "Messiah" will be presented
at 8 p.m. tomorrow in Hill Auditor-1
ium by the Choral Union chorus of
120 voices, the University Symphony
soloists, including Joan Peebles, New
York contralto.
Sponsored by the University Mus-
ical Society, the recital is free to
all music lovers by admission tick-
ets which were obtainable in advance.
According to Dr. Charles A. Sink,
however, no more tickets are avail-
able at the present time since the
capacity of Hill Auditorium has al-
ready been exhausted. These ad-
mission slips will be honored up until1
7:50 p.m. tomorrow, after which
time a seat will not be guaranteed.
Thor Johnson will conduct the
symphony orchestra of 80 players and
the Choral Uni . group which has
been rehearsing for the religious clas-
sic the entire semester. Palmer
Christian, University organist, will
play the organ portion of the pro-
gram.
The four professional soloists who
have been contracted to sing in the
"Messiah" are Thelma von-Eisen-
hauer, operatic soprano who made
her debut with the Chicago company;
Miss Peebles, contralto, who also
sang here last year; William Hain,
tenor; and Richard Hale, who will
sing the baritone role.
Research lub
Will Announce
Russel Award
The University's Henry Russel lec-
turer for 1941 will be announced at
a meeting of the Faculty Men's Re-
search Club at 8 p.m. today in the
Rackham Amphitheatre, Prof. Frank-
lin A. Shull, president of the zoolog-
ical department announced yester-
day.
Although the official announce-
ment will not be released to the cam-
pus until Thursday, members of the
faculty who attend the club meeting
will be given the opportunity to
know in advance. The Russel lec-
ture is given annually in April by
the selected professor on research
work he has done during the past
year. The appointment carries a sti-
pend of $250. Last year's award went
to Dr. Frank N. Wilson of the Med-
ical School.
Papers will be read at this meet-
ing by Prof. Felix G. Gustafson, of
the botany department on "Plant
Hormones," and by Prof. Arthur L.
Dunham of the history department
on "The Origins of A National Net-
work of Railroads in France from
1833 to 1852."
SANTA
IS ON HIS WAY-

Abetz's Talks With Petain
May Foreshadow Total
Occupation Of France
Berlin Surprised
At Laval Removal
VICHY, France, Dec. 16. -(-)_-
Rigidly-disciplined Nazi troops, click-
ing heels and with repeating rifles
at the ready, swept into this little
provisional capital tonight to guard
Ambassador Otto Abetz on a visit
that may set France on a new course
dictated by the Axis.
If Abetz's report to the Nazi Fueh-
rer should be unsatisfactory, diplo-
mats in Bern believed that Germany,
to keep France in line, might threat-
en:
1. Complete occupation of France;
2. Harsher peace terms than the
relatively moderate settlement re-
ported offered Laval in return for
French "collaboration" with the Axis.
Petain's Future
What the future holds for the old
Marshal's regime, these observers
said, hinges on what explanation
he gives Abetz, sometimes called the
"unofficial King of Frapce," regard-
ing the sudden dismissal of Pierre
Laval as Vice-Premier and Foreign
Minister.
It was the first time since France
capitulated last June that such an
official German party of military'
bearing had arrived from across the
demarcation line in unoccupied
France, although German officers
have been seen about Vichy in the
past.
As Adolf Hitler's personal agent in
Paris, Abetz was expected shortly to
see French Chief of State Marshal
Philippe Petain. It was believed Pe-
tain would learn from him the Ger-
man attitude toward the French cab-
inet shakeup that ousted Pierre La-
val as Vice-Premier and successor-
designate to Petain.
Germans Silent
The French Government main-
tained official silence on Abetz's visit,
and officials said there probably
would be no communique tonight.
Meanwhile, authorized German
spokesmen at Berlin were silent to-
night on the mission in Vichy of Am-
bassador Otto Abetz and declined to
indicate whether his purpose was to
obtain information on the political
developments in the French capital
or to present some German view-
point.
His presence in Vichy was not offi-
cially disclosed in Berlin. It ap-
peared, however, that many there
were surprised at the sudden French
cabinet shakeup.
Refugee Relief Meeting
All student solicitors and particu-
larly divisional heads for the Refugee
Relief Campaign are requested to
attend a meeting at,7:30 p.m. today
at the Hillel Foundation, Martin
Dworkis, Grad., chairman of the stu-
dent branch of the drive, announced.

Schmidt 'Quits'
Coaching Post
At Ohio State
COLUMBUS, O., Dec. 16-(o)-
Francis A. Schmidt, the tall, greying
Texan who made football a spec-
tacle with his wide-open "razzle-daz-
zle" style of play, stepped outtonight
as head coach at Ohio State Uni-
versity.
The board of Athletic Control an-
nounced it had accepted the resig-
nation of Schmidt and five other
members of the coaching staff.
Schmidt submitted his resignation
earlier today because, he commented
dryly, 'The board is dissatisfied." He
did not amplify, but an examination
of the "football situation" at Ohio
State was launched by the Athletic
Board aweek ago tonight following
a four-won, four-lost season-the
worst for the Bucks in 10 years.
The assistant coaches who also
resignedswereErnie Godfrey, line
coach; Sid Gilman, end coach; Ed
Blickle, backfield coach, and Gomer
Jones, a scout and assistant line
coach.
Fritz Mackey resigned as coach df
the freshman squad, but will remain
as baseball coach. The board said
Blickle also would remain as assist-
ant basketball coach.
The resignations are effective next
June 30, when the coaching contracts
expire. Ohio State employs its ath-
letic staff on a year-to-year basis.
Goodfellows
Collect $726
For Charities
Faculty Men And Students
Cooperate In Campaign
To Assist Local Needy
As a result of the all-day sale of
special Goodfellow Dailies by over
300 faculty and students, the Good-
fellow fund will be able to contribute
$726.22 to local charity agencies,
Laurence Mascott, '41, committee
chairman, announced yesterday.
The proceeds of the Goodfellow
drive is annually distributed among
the Family Welfare Bureau, the
Deans' Discretionary Fund, and pos-
sibly other charities.
Goodfellow salesmen who ranged
the campus yesterday were such
prominent members of the faculty as
President Ruthven, Dean Alice C.
Lloyd, Dean Ivan C. Crawford, Dean
Jeanette,Perry, Dean Walter B. Rea,
and many others.
The drive was originally conceived
six years ago at a meeting between
a group of undergraduate leaders
and Mrs. Gordon W. Brevoort of
the Family Welfare Bureau when
they decided an annual concerted
drive was needed for local charity.

English Report Last Fascist
Threat Within Egypt
Was Crushed Yesterday
Vanguard Forces
Advance On Bardia
CAIRO, Egypt, Dec. 16-(P)-Bri-
tain's Army of the Nile claimed its
first big victory on Italian soil today
and simultaneously crushed the last
important Fascist threat inside
Egypt's borders by capturing Fort
Capuzzo, just within Libya, and ov-
erwhelming the bitterly-fighting
Italian garrison at Salum, five miles
from the Libyan border.
Thus with one stroke reported in
a bare announcement at British head-
quarters troops of General Sir Arch-
ibald P. Wavell, Middle East Com-
mander, seized two points of a tri-
angle of Fascist resistance in the
western desert and on the Libyan
frontier.
Vanguard Advances
British advance guards were re-
ported sweeping into Libya and the
next possible objective of the advanc-
ing British apparently was Bardia,
Libyan port and Key Fascist base.
The British spearheads of motor-
ized desert troops were reported to
have set the Italians back at some
points to where they started from
more than three months ago.
Marshal Rodolfo Graziani, Italian
commander in Libya, had been re-
ported strongly entrenched in Salum
and his men put up what the British
said was a terrific battle.
While fighting was going on
around Salum and Fort Capuzzo,
British units were reported to have;
swept around them into Libya.
At the same time, the Royal Air
Force was reported hammering Ital-
ian bases without let-up. RAF bomb-
ers delivered a smashing attack up-
on Bardia and their planes were said
to be penetrating farther into the
Italian colony.
When the British began their sur-
prise offensive across the Western
desert a week ago the Italians were
authoritatively reported to have
250,000 men, all told, in the Libyan
Army.
Fewer Than 100,000
Of these, the British believe fewer
than 100,000 were involved in the
present fighting, with the ,remainder
scattered along the length and
breadth of the vast Libyan desert.
Upward of 30,000 must be deduct-
ed as prisoners in the week's fight-
ing (not including any prisoners
captured at Salum and Fort Caruz-
zo) and a large number of casualities.
Both Britain's air and land com-
mands in the Middle East reported
sharp blows against Italy, at home as
well as in her African empire over-
seas.

Students

Warned

City's Social Service Program
Unmtegrated, Survey Charges

Extended Federal River Control
Upheld In Supreme Court Case

(Editor's Note: This is the first in a
series of articles based on a survey of
Ann Arbor's social service and leisure
time agencies, conducted here by a
group of experts under the auspices
of the Community Fund.)
By ROSEBUD SCOTT
Although the 'location of the Uni-
versity and University Hospital in
Ann Arbor has given the city an un-
usual number of state public services,
all the available advantages have not
been realized in the local social ser-
vice program, it has been charged by
the recent survey of Ann Arbor's pri-
vate and public service and leisure
time agencies.
As a result, the survey points out,
there is in Ann Arbor a lack of com-
munity planning which would inte-
grate and thus better present the
services offered by the 39 different
organizations of the city which were
studied by members of the survey.
A clustering of state public ser-
vices in a city the size of Ann Arbor
n n . m. a AA CA ,'acpfIImtny f'D

problems. Others, however, have been
antagonistic to it, the survey claims,
holding that this is particularly true
of public agencies controlled by the
township and the county, tradition-
ally seekers of independence from
the University.
Part of this antagonism, it is said,
is caused by the fear that the ,tax
rate would be increased if "Univer-
sity theories" controlled public soc-
ial services.
This division of interest between
the University and the township is
related not only to specific services
but to the more general problem of
securing unified backing and lead-
ership for a well-integrated, well-
planned community program, the
survey tells us. It points out that
Ann Arbor has reflected the academic
method in approaching its social
problems, thus bringing about un-
usually full provisions for diagnosis
of personal and behavior problems.
But there ha heen a noticeahlel et-

By WILLIAM R. SPEAR
WASHINGTON, Dec. 16-(M)-Anz
historic Supreme Court decision to-
day sanctioned far-reaching exten-
sion of federal control over the na-
tion's waterways, despite the objec-
tions of 41 states which considered
their sovereignty invaded.t
The 6-2 decision, by Justice Reed,1
made two major points:t
1. The Federal Government's au-j
thority over streams and rivers under,
the Interstate Commerce clause of
the Constitution is not limited mere-{
ly to considerations of navigation.
"Flood protection, watershed devel-
opment, recovery of the cost of im-
provements through utilization of
power are likewise parts of commerce
control."
"The Federal Government has do-
minion over the water power inher-

made so by "reasonable improve-
ments."
"To appraise the evidence of
navigability on the natural condi-
tion only of the waterway is erron-
eous," the court said. "It's avail-
ability for navigation must also be
considered."
Justice Roberts, in a dissenting
opinion with Justice McReynolds,
termed these points "two novel doc-
trines," and said that " if anything
has been settled by our (previous)
decisions it is that, in order for a
water to be found navigable, navi-
gability in fact must exist under "na-
tural and ordinary conditions."'
In another important case, which
found the justices divided 5 to 4,
the Court upheld a Wisconsin tax
on the dividends of out-of-state cor-
porations doing business there. The
tax is assessed against that nortion

Against Trichina
Infection In Pork
Following the discovery late last
week by Ann Arbor health officials
of trichina infested meat, Dr. War-
ren D. Forsythe, director of Univer-
sity Health Service, yesterday issued
a warning to students against the use
of any pork product not thoroughly
cooked.
His warning was a reiteration of
one given last week by Dr. John A.
Wessinger, Ann Arbor city health of-
ficer.
Although no cases of students sus-
pected of trichinosis have as yet been
admitted to the Health Service, Dr.
Forsythe said, tests conducted by
Health Service officials indicate that
there has been within recent weeks
an increase in the percentage of in-
fected pork discovered.
Dr. Forsythe suggested that the in-
crease of trichina is a result of the
increasing use of local pork.
Michigan Party To Draft
Permanent Constitution
To read and discuss the first draft
of its permanent constitution, the
Michigan Party will hold a meeting

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