THit MTCIITAN flATLy
TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1940
_._ . _ ._. _ , _ ..,. __ ... _ s.. :.:.._L, .
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THE REPLY CHURLISH
Where Freedom Still Rings
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NIGHT EDITOR: CHESTER BRADLEY
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writer.
And Now Its
Time. To Vote ...
A ND THUS ENDS one of the most
bitterly contested campaigns for
President of the United States since the days
of "Rum, Romanism and Rebellion." It is now
election day morning and the last haranguing
speech has been heard, the last plea for free-
dom has been made, the final cry for prosperity
has pierced our eardrums, and the closing
jeremiad on the imminence of dictatorship has
been printed. The campaign for President is
over, and, from now on, it's up to the voters,
the great majority of whom will probably cast
their ballots the same way they intended to
before the newspapers' became filled with
speeches and defenses, back in the dim past
when the European war was still considered
front page news and the back pages had local
stories instead of the text of the East Pussenkill
speech of this or that candidate.
This hasn't been a very pleasant campaign.
Specific issues have too often been forgotten-
dispassionate discussions of qualifications and
straightforward delineation of attitudes on the
important questions of the day have been
dodged. Rather, we find both major candidates
taking practically the same attitudes on almost
everything, and we're still up in the air as to
whether they're saying exactly what they mean.
Both candidates have come out in favor of what
the majority of the people seems to believe in-
they're against what everybody else is against.
Both favor relief, prosperity, social security,
farm benefits, conscription and a strong de-
fense. At the same time, both are against war,
appeasement, depression, reaction and starva-
tion. On general issues like these, in which
practically everyone is agreed, they, too, are
agreed. Aside from this, the campaign has been
one of needless vilification, skeletons in closets,
red herrings, rotten eggs and assorted bits of
nasty innuendo. We have witnessed the spec-
tacle of a campaign wherein the prime object
of many of the workers of both sides was to
print all kinds of buttons and window stickers.
Obscenity, religious intolerance, pressure pol-
itics and racial prejudice were all made use of
in a proportion unknown to this generation at
THANK GOD IT'S OVER.
WHEN voters step into the polling booths to-
day, and they're all alone with nothing along
but their consciences, it would be well if they
paused a moment and quietly considered this
election. For the first time since 1936 they will
be in places where no campaigning is present.
They will be able to stop and think this election
out by themselves, uninfluenced by silver,
tongued oratory, the talk of their friends and
the generalized editorials of the press. They
will, for the first time, be able to understand
that a brilliantly colored political button has
nothing to do with deciding who should be the
President of the United States. They will, per-
haps, realize finally that much of what happens
in the critical and all-important '40's depends
on the man they choose for President.
AND, SO, electors should ask themselves many
question when they get in those booths. They
should ask such questions as:
Since both Willkie and Roosevelt seem to agree
that New Deal policies should continue, who
rnon ht Pvxeuto themth man wh. inu-
These are tough times for liberals. I realize
that I am not being paid to write politics for
this paper, I am more or less officially a member
of the entertainment profession, which means
that I am supposed to dish out a certain num-
ber of inches of nice, non-controversial you-
know-what three times a week, and as long as
I do it and don't bump noses with the admin-
istration, all will be well with me, and I will
keep my job. But though there are certain in-
violable taboos which are verboten, defendu,
and disallowed me in my work here, I can, by
strictly to the adjective approach, tell you what
I think, for awhile.
This is what I think about liberalism in my
own case. I suppose I might call itintolerance,
or if I were a godly person, it could be called
Christianity. I think it's just too bad for me
and for all of us. Liberals are called reds by
conservatives, and reactionaries by radicals. We
are the people who have stayed on the fence in
a world where the fence is an invisible anachron-
And Radio . .
FOR MORE THAN A YEAR the FBI
and other governmental depart-
ments have been waging an intensive war against
foreign elements in the United States that are
actively participating in the international wars.
The various crusading boards, committees and
commissions gain a good deal of publicity com-
bating bunds and saboteurs, but except for occa-
sional arrests of operators the headlines have
not been concerned with the threat of foreign
radio stasons operating within our borders.
One reason for the general silence on the
investigation's results, is the inadequacy of that
investigation, the uncertainty of tracing down
activity in the ether.
The activity consists of foreign agents broad-
casting through portable transmitters informa-
tion of military value to their respective govern-
ments. The fifth column works more speedily
and is more effective in action this way. When
a Canadian transport leaves for England, cer-
tain axis powers are informed at the moment
T HE UNCERTAINTY of tracking down the
operators springs from the fact that the
sending and receiving units are extremely mo-
bile. More than 300 arrests of operators have
already been made, and because of the increas-
ing knowledge of the FBI more prosecutions
have been successful, since records are now being
kept of the actual messages sent. But te mo-
bility of the transmission units keeps the inves-
tigators jumping from one end of the country
to the other, often in vain.
A sending unit was located in Detroit recently.
Because of the peculiarities of the operator in
fingering his radio keys his particular messages
were identifiable over a period of time. When
the FBI men clamped down, however, there was
no trace of the culprit, and two days later his
peculiar transmission was located in Scranton,
M EANTIME, legislation has been cutting down
the possibility of further radio sabotage.
Private operators must register their stations.
Portable units have been outlawed. Broadcasts
in foreign tongues, although not prohibited, are
carefully watched. Nevertheless, there has been
no diminishing of the menace of the radio; the
number of operators has increased.
What this would mean to America in time of
war is startlingly apparent. A Mata Hari with
a radio sending set would be more valuable than
a bombing squadron to our enemy. And at the
present time, because of ineffective facilities for
combating the menace, we are providing the set-
ting for a spying system ruinous to England and
to other Nazi enemies. Here is another vital
field for the advancement of science, for the
sake of our national defense and integrity.
- S. R. Wallace
ism. We have fought to give both sides a chance
to speak, and seen both sides resent us, and tell
us that by trying to see all around any ques-
tion we are betraying not only the left or the
right, but all of blind, stupid humanity.
That's the payoff right there. The world
today is drifting fast into a snobbish, bristling
attitude which maintains that the opposition
is always composed only of dopes, demagogues,
and devils. It is no longer easy to be friends
with a man whose political views are not your
own. I realize that this stuff sounds like the
variorum edition of nineteenth century plati-
tudes, but I am gradually coming around to my
point. My point will involve some rather far-,
fetched accusations, but I can only hope some
of you will look back with me and agree. The
whole thing is that it's about time for the liberals
to get tough about it. We've been pushed
around long enough, trying to be altruistic in
the face of snubs, insults, and patronizing by
people who have no intention of ever seeing a
thing our way simply because it is not a ready-
made way, not cut to their size and ready to
Democracy in this country, or perhaps in
England and France, two or three years ag,
before the war and the smashing of liberty, was
a real thing. It offered a chance for people to
maintain their individual views, and let them
try peacefully to convince the world that they
were right. Boy, even as I write the words, I
realize just how absolutely, utterly dead that
idea is. The very fact that I am having trouble
getting my idea down on paper means to me
that the right is gone, that I can't say what I
want any more, that the time for protest with-
out severe punishment is gone.
But not quite gone. Get tough, you liberals.
Hold on to what you had, and if part of it is
gone, get it back, and use the same methods
that took it away from you. We have been
friends to all long enough. It's silly to go on
trying to be nice to people who won't have
anything to do with you. The only way to fight
for what you believe is to get good and mean
about it. Liberalism must cease to be a me-
diator, an oil-spreading way of belief with the
dove of peace for its party symbol. It must be-
come a third school of political and social
thought, it must become a party. In the early
days the New Deal stood for it, the Labor Party
in England stood for it. They don't stand for
it now, probably because of the war, but they
havebgone too far the other way, they are play-
ing ball with the very ideas they are fighting
against in the war.
I say that Martin Dies and his witch-hunting
committee are nothing but fascists in the spirit
of things. I say that J. Edgar Hoover and the
F.B.I. are using the American fear of losing our
democracy as a loophole for curtailing and de-
stroying the spirit of that democracy. I say
on the other side of the fence that the Com-
munist Party here has lost all semblance of be-
ing democratic, that the rigid intolerance shown
within the Party. and the attitude adopted to-
ward all who will not or cannot accept the ob-
vious holes in the party line, has made a liberal
alignment with the left impossible. All sides are
out only to force a non-democratic system on
the people who are not sure. So for us, maybe
for the non-revolutionary socialists, certainly
for all the people who still believe in the Bill of
Rights, in freedom of speech, in freedom of the
press. there remains no alternative other than
starting to fight, and fight hard to get this
country first, and later all the countries of the
world back to the things all others have lost
sight of, a world run for and by the little peo-
ple, not a world that runs people.
IT MAY NOT COME now until after the war.
That's no reason for waiting until after the
war to start. The biggest and most important
thing to fight is bigotry, fascism or communism,
Republicans, Democrats, anybody who preaches
hate and suppression of the rights which are,
in spite of anything anyone says to the contrary,
rights, and not merely privileges. When a man
starts telling you that you are doing something
as a privilege, not as a right, he is exercising
his right to determine what constitutes a privi-
lege. Remember that, and if you've got the nerve,
remind him of it.
I guess at this stage everybody who has ever
tried to write about liberalism has got discour-
aged, for the whole thing sounds like the bray-
ing of a cheap politician asking that we return
to the primary concepts of our forefathers.
That's not it. I'm asking that we go ahead
and try to realize the concept of what men can
be ideally, but never have been. I ask college
people, because it has to' start among the col-
lege people and spread not only to the people
who never get to college, but to those who once
went to college, but have abandoned thinking
since they left' the tight little right little life.
We're not the only people who can think, but
all too often, because we are sheltered here, we
are the only people who can think disinterestedly
and honestly. If we let freedom go in our col-
leges, we are letting hate and prejudice spring
up among the school kids our teachers will teach,
we are sending bad people out to have the
world affair their beliefs, we are sending out
half-educated people to decide that they are
educated people, and the rotten old world will
get just that much more rotten. I may take this
up again, and try to crystallize it, but maybe
through the thread of all this undisciplined
thought, you will see what I mean, on this our
most bitter election day, in the year that might
be of our Lord, 1940. So long until soon.
The City Editor's
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
our democracy suffering irreparable dam-
We must ask ourselves whether we think
we can travel backward to progress.
TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1940
VOL. LI. No. 32
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University.
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday afternoon, November 6,
from 4 to 6 o'clock.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation
desires to employ a number of persons
who speak fluently any of the follow-
ing languages: German, French, Ital-
ian, Spanish, Russian, Japanese. Ap-
plicants should hold at least a bach-
elor's degree. There are positions also
for holders of degrees in law and ac-
countancy. The initial salary is $3,200
a year plus expenses. Applicants
should write, telephone or visit the
Federal Bureau of Investigation, 911
Federal Bureau Building, Detroit, or
if more convenient, the headquarters
of the Bureau at Washington, D. C.
First Mortgage Loans: The Univer-
sity has a limited amount of funds to
loan on modern, well-located, Ann
Arbor residential property. Inter-
est at current rates. F.H.A. terms
available. Apply Investment Office,
Room 100, South Wing, University
Students, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Courses dropped
after Saturday, November 9, by stu-
dents other than freshmen will be
recorded E. Freshmen (students with
less than 24 hours of credit) may drop
courses without penalty through the
eighth week. Exceptions may be made
in extraordinary circumstances, such
as severe or long continued illness.
Women students wishing to attend
the Minnesota-Michigan football
game on November 9 are required to
register in the Office of the Dean of
Women. A letter of permission from
parents must be in this office not
later than Wednesday, November 6. If
the student does not go by train, spe-
cial permission for another mode of
travel must be included in the par-
ent's letter. Graduate women are in-
vited to register in this office.
Musical Art Quartet Tickets: Tick-
ets for the Chamber Music Festival
of three concerts to be given by the
Musical Art Quartet in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall, on Friday and
Saturday, January 24 and 25, 1941,
may be ordered by mail. Tickets will
be selected in sequence. Season tickets
(three concerts) $2.00; individual
concert tickets $1.00. Please make re-
mittances payable to the University
Musical Society and mail to Charles
A. Sink, President, University Musical
on the bulletin board of the School
of Education, Room 1431 U.S.E. Any
prospective candidate whose name
does not appear on this list should
call at the office of the Recorder of
the School of Education, 1437 U.S.E.
School of Education Students, oth-
er than freshmen: Courses dropped
after Saturday, Nov. 9, will be record-
ed with the grade of E except un-
der extraordinary circumstances. No
course is considered officially dropped
unless it has been reported in the
office of Registrar, Room 4, Univer-
Public Health Nursing Certificate:
Students expecting to receive the
Certificate in Public Health Nursing
in February or June 1941 must make
application at the office of the School
of Education, 1437 U.S.E.
Students are reminded by the Uni-
veristy Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information to register
by Wednesday, November 6, because
a late registration fee becomes active
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
Civil Service examinations. Last date
for filing application is noted in each
United States Civil Service
Associate Aeronautical Inspector.
salary $3,500, no date set.
Assistant Aeronautical Inspector,
salary $3,200, no date set.
Senior Artist Illustrator (Anima-
tion Artist) salary $2,000, Nov. 28,
Senior Medical Technician, salary
$1,620, Nov. 28, 1940.
Senior Artistic Lithographer, sal-
ary $2,000, no date set.
Artistic Lithographer, salary $1,800,
no date set.
Negative Cutter, salary $1,800, no
Assistant Artistic Lithographer,
salary $1,620, no date set.
Junior Copper Place Map Engrav-
er, salary $1,440, no date set.
Junior Artistic Lithographer, sal-
ary $1,440, no date set.
Printer, Slug Machine Operator,
salary $1.26 hr., Nov. 28, 1940.
Printer, Monotype Keyboard Oper-
ator, salary $1,20 hr., Nov. 28, 1940.
Printer, Hand Compositor, salary
$1.20 hr., Nov. 28, 1940.
Junior Procurement Inspector, sal-
ary $1,620, no date set.
Complete announcement on file at
the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information,
201 Mason Hall, Office hors: 9-12
Mathematics 370 will meet today
at 4:00 p.m. in 3201 A.H. Dr. Eilen-
berg will speak on "Topological Pro-
perties of Analytic Functions." Tea
at 3:30 p.m. before the seminar.
Palmer Christian, University Or-
ganist, will present an organ recital
at 4:15 p.m. Wednesday, November 6,
in Hill Auditorium. He will play
selections written for the Organ by
seven different composers.
The Annual Exhibit of Photography
by the Ann Arbor Camera Club will be
held in the Mezzanine Galleries of the
Rackham Building from November
(Continued on Page 6)
On the other hand, we must ask ourselves
whether Roosevelt has done a good job, whe-
ther we have obtained much of lasting benefit
from his administration, whether he has solved,
our pressing problems, and whether anyone can
We must ask ourselves whether we want war,
and, if not as most Americans, which candidate
will pursue the correct way to keep us out. We
must ask ourselves whether there is any funda-
mental difference in the foreign policies of each
man and whether both know how to engage in-
telligently in foreign affairs. If we think quietly
and without impassioned hates and dislikes, we
may very well be able to decide on the best man
HOWEVER, if any man should come to the
conclusion that the two candidates are
equally bad, that neither offers the program
that will provide prosperity and keep us out of
war, then it is the duty of that man to vote for
a minority candidate. Such a vote is not wasted
but rather is a protest vote, one vote among
others that will serve as a warning that there
are people who are displeased with some feature
of the platform of the major parties. Such votes
will serve as some sort of check on the man who
is elected; they will hold him back, inform him
that there are many Americans who did not
see eye to eye with either him or his major oppo-
nent, who, they felt, thought essentially the
same as he. He will have to consider their opin-
ions later. for this is. after all, a democracy
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