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Hemisphere Solidarity Is Seen
Menaced By Nazi Competition
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
IlYt I ptCE'~Dm ~ ~r y ' J XpI r
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Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
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It or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
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NIGHT EDITOR: A. P. BLAUSTEIN
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Butter And Guns -
Of National Interest . .
S OCIALIST Presidential candidate,
Norman Thomas, addresses the sec-
ond session of the Michigan Forum at 4:15 p.m.
today on the topic, "Butter And Guns."
A highly simplified subject for a presidential
candidate to discuss, one might say at first
glance, but behind those words lie the real issues
of this campaign, the task that must be accom-
plished if democracy is to survive today.
It is the two-fold problem of any defense pro-
gram today, first, to build and expand a satis-
factory standard of living that will survive in-
dependently of the second, which is the creation
o~f a highly specialized and mechanized army
and an adequate navy to be used for defense
o BRING to the students of this campus all
possible opinions on how to accomplish this
crucial work, the Michigan Forum has dedicateV.
itself this fall. That is why Mr. Thomas is here
today, and that is the reason Senator Venden-
berg will speak here Sunday, a Democratic
speaker and any others soon after.
We need not and may not agree with anyone
of the opinions expressed, but it is the moral
duty of everyone of us to hear them all and then
to the best of our abilities decide and act, not
only on November 5, but throughout the year.
To Mr. Thomas, himself, The Daily wishes to
extend its sincerest thanks for his willingness to
appear in Ann Arbor and speak to the students.
He rightly stands as one of the country's dis-
tinguished leaders. As a thinker and writer, as
a man of action, a fighter for civil liberties and
against every manifestation of class, racial and
religious prejudice, he has won the respect and
admiration of millions of Americans.
- Robert Speckhard
By EMILE GELE
TRUE TO DEMOCRATIC FORM, the United
States loudly declaims on Pan-American
solidarity and holds ostentacious conferences on
Western Hemisphere cooperation; while Ger-
many, true to totalitarian form, quietly and
successfully drives a wedge between any future
unity of the American continents. The wedge
is not constructed of so malleable a'material as
verbosity, but is forged of a tempered'sustance
universally respected-economic competition.
This competition is a definite form of war.
And since Germans are adept at classifying
types of battle, they call this one handelkrieg or
trade war. It is a gigantic duplicate of just the
sort of business technique that has made Yankee
capitalists notorious. It is just as simple and
just as effective.
Through the use of the handelmark, a specie
worth $1.50 in Nazi trade to $1.00 worth of
United States goods, Germany is creating a lim-
ited economy advantageous to South American
business. Goods equal in quality to the best pro-
duced by the United States are sold for 20% less.
At the same time a South American product sold
to the United States for $60 is bought by Ger-
many for $100. Thus Latin Americans make a
606oratio of profit by dealing with the Nazi
OBSERVERS ESTIMATE that 6,000 agents of
Germany, Japan and Italy are spending 250
million dollars each month in cementing Axis-
South American economic relations. A specific
example is Argentina's.trade. The United States
bought goods valued at 187 million pesos in 1939,
while Germany promises annual purchases of
700 to 900 million pesos of goods and is-rapidly
advancing in satisfying the promise. Hitler has-
estimated that $1,500,000 worth of trade an-
nually in South America would insure Axis
economic dominance, and has already promoted
one-third of the amount with the British block-
ade still going strong!
Financing such a grandiose policy seems to be
an extreme problem, but is relatively simple for
totalitarian powers. The conquered people of
Europe are taking the loss with the dictators'
military success as security. The whole system
is based on the familiar Yankee technique of
operating temporarilyin the red in order to curb
the market and eventually exploit the monopoly
to its utmost.
When South American nations hesitate to
leap at financial lures and place themselves at
the economic mery of the dictators, the in-
evitable threat of reprisal occurs. Unable at the
moment to use military chastisement, the Axis
points out how simple it would be to concentrate
their efforts on duplicating South American
products in the conquered territories of Europe,
Asia and Africa. The ruin of South America's
world market would result. The double tech-
nique of subsidization and threat is difficult for
Latin Americans to ignore.
RECENTLY the papers of a German emissary
to Panama were secretly observed by es-
pionage agents. The contents included a plan
to reduce shipping rates on German boats to
one-half present charges, and an elaborate
economic zoning of the Caribbean and South
American areas into six edistricts. One of the
zones is to be under trade specialists who
will make use of every means of propaganda,
imitation, sabotage and coercion to promote Ger-
man trade in the southern republics.
Organized propaganda is the most effective
weapon of the handelkrieg. "Tourist bureaus"
holders of Murphy's regime passed for the most
part the civil service examinations qualifying
them to hold their jobs, the opposing camp saw
WITH THE REPUBLICANS' return to power
in 1938, civil service was doomed to lose the
ground that it had gained. The civil service
law was so modified by the. 1939 legislature that
more than half of the state officer-holders under
civil service were replaced through political
Faced with renovating the civil service which
existed in name only, more than 150,000 voters
signed petitions to place a constitutional amend-
ment on the ballot. Through initiative it is pro-
posed that all non-administrative officials should
become part of the classified service. Exemp-
tions would be made only for all elected offi-
cials, heads of departments, members of boards
and commissions, military and naval officials
of the state and the like.
Constitutionally made permanent, the pro-
posed plan of civil service would be headed by a
four-man commission appointed by the governor
to serve eight-year overlapping non-salaried
terms. N\o more than two members of the com-
mission could be of the same political party. The
commission would classify all positions, fix com-
pensation, determine qualifications of all can-
didates, and make all regulations.
T ADMINISTER the program a personnel
director would be appointed by the com-
mission and be responsible to it. The adminis-
trator will be selected, as all other employes,
through an open competitive examination.
If passed, the amendment would become ef-
fective January 1, 1941, and the legislature would
appropriate a specified amount for the operation
of the act. Unless the amendment is fully com-
plied with in every way, no payment for state
personal services may be made in August, 1941.
This is to prevent the legislature from ignoring
the amendment and making no appropriation
as has been the case in Kansas.
National defense, increased social service, and
The City Editor's
offer free travel films of Germany to theatres.
Excellent textbooks are sold to South American
schools at incredibly low prices, and often con-
tain slight innovations in the interpreting of
events. Retired German professors altruistically
offer their services free; and, as a result, 5,000
German professors teach in Latin American
schools to 100 from the United States.;
Germany eagerly sends military advisers to
any South American republic free of charge,
while United States officers must be paid and
boarded by the advised countries. Nearly all
the Pan-American radio programs sponsored' by
the United States are drowned out by more
powerful Nazi broadcasts. Not because the
United States stations are incapable of increas-
ing their volume, but because the American peo-
ple do not'care. .
THE UNITED STATES is much better equipped
for a handelkrieg than Germany. Proximity
and a greater production capacity are United
States' advantages. But between empty Pan-
American palaver and effective economic action
stands a tradition of dollar diplomacy and
Yankee imperialism. This tradition must be
smashed before the United States seriously at-
tempts to exclude fascism from the Western
While vital economic activity is under way,
the United States concentrates the bulk of its
efforts in preparing for a more obvious future
conflict. The American people cluster their
military forces about them and watch the west-
ern sky for hordes of hostile bombers, forgetting
that the dictators employ different strategies
to different objectives. The Battle of America
has already begun.
(Continued from Page 24
students who do not take all parts
of the examination or have been
definitely excused by the Dean.
C. S. Yoakum, Dean
We have seen, in yesterday's German Make-Up Examinations:
Merry-Go-Round column on the Far All students entitled to take these
Eastern crisis, how the United StatesE examinations must call at the Ger-
and Great Britain planned to cut off man departmental office this week
Japan's scrap iron, oil, cotton and to make arrangements.
copper during the first invasion of -_
China in 1937, and thus paralyze the Sociology 51: Make-up final ex-
Japanese military machine. amination will be given Friday, Octo-
This plan was revived again during ber 18, at 2:00 p.m. in Room D Hay-
the Panay incident in 1938. and each en Hall
time there were differences of opinion e .
inside the Administration and theI
plan fell flat aRed Cross First Aid class for Uni-
Today, almost exactly the same versity Students, both men and
problem faces the Administration, women, starts tonight, 7:00-9:00,
and again there are basic differences Room 2016, University Elementary
of opinion-differences which are School, George P. Rodechko, Red
honest and natural when the future Cross Lay Instructor, in charge.
peace of the country is at stake.
Well, registration is over, or is it? Maybe you
didn't know these things:
The federal government will chase students
who failed tosign up-not the University.
All the records go back to the home town
for certifying and listing.
In addition to the 4,435 undergraduates
eligible for the draft, the'University had the
duty of registering another 1,000 persons
who are patients in the University hospital
and the health service.
Michigan's foreign students all must register,
even though they are exempt from military ser-
vice. Thus, some Canadian students have regis-
tered in two nations.
Tom Harmon registered legally at 10:15
Wednesday morning. But he was chased through
the line two more times by photographers seek-
ing poses of the All-American boy.
One of our Daily staff men registered,
with a certified weight of. 98 pounds. He
was told by the registrant fot to worry seri-
ously aibout being called tQ the colors.
And then another unknown called The Daily-
and in real seriousness-to ask: "I'm 21 but we
didn't 'celebrate' my birthday. Am I exempt?"
By KARL KARLSTROM
We are pleased to find that we have been
"drafted" as music columnist for this here news-
paper, The Michigan Daily.
Our experience at this sort of thing has been
limited strictly to heated arguments in the foyers
of the various concert halls we have frecluented,
which have usually been ended abruptly by a
evacuation notice summarily served by the hired
help of said halls.
The column has been in capable hands for
the past years, which makes our position some-
what more difficult to fulfill. We can only ask
that you bear with us on our points of discus-
sion. We recommend that all complaints be ad-
dressed to the editorial "we," and not to us
personally (should I say physically?).
It shall be the purpose of this column to in-
terpret and criticize fairly all those recitals and
concerts which fall in our line of duty. It shall
be written in the main for the interested spec-
tator who has not technical training. We feel
that this comprises the great majority of readers,
and shall write accordingly.
Further, it is nice that we are here. We hope
to uphold the standards set by previous critics.
Remember "Degustibus non est disputandem".
Yesterday in Hill Auditorium, listeners were
treated to another of Mr. Christian's organ re-
citals. The program was well balanced, and well
Mr. Christian led off with three choral preludes
by Bach, which ranged in type from the more or
less usual fugual development in the first,
through a softly liquid melody in the second, and
ended in' a merry dance-like third prelude.
The Fugue in E-flat started with a sonorous
concert of the organ, changed to a never-ending
chase of notes, and finally traced the original
theme through the final section in a broadly
brilliant movement. A work by Karg-Elert
proved an interesting deviant from the ordinary
scope of organ music. It was crammed with ef-
fects, followed a non-strict pattern of harmonic
structure, gained stature in the finale.
The group inside the Cabinet which
favors a complete stoppage of Japan's
raw materials of war, especiallyher
oil, includes Secretary of War Stim-
son, Secretaryeof the Navy Knox,
Secretary of Interior Ickes, and Sec-
retary of the Treasury Morgenthau-
also certain admirals in the Navy.
Perhaps ,it is significant that the
strongest advocates of complete em-
bargoes against Japan are the three
Republican members of the Cabinet
-Stimson, Knox and Ickes.
Japan Might Attack'
Specifically, they do not believe in
cutting off Japan's oil supply-which
is the all-important question under
diplomatic discussion between the
British and American governments.
The State Department concurs that
cutting off Japan's oil would paralyze
her fleet after her present two and a
half months' supply was exhausted.
But they also believe it would force
Japan to move into the Dutch East
Indies immediately in order to get
However, the embargo-now group
within the Cabinet contends that the
Dutch East Indies are fortified suffic-
iently to withstand four months'
seige, and that with the U.S. fleet
on guard in that general area, Japan
could not risk an attack on these
What makes the intra-cabinet de-
bate doubly vital is knowledge that as
long as the British fleet keeps the
Italian and Nazi fleets bottled up in
Europe, the U.S. fleet can operate
as a one-ocean navy, thereby keeping
most of its vessels on guard against
Japan in the Pacific. But once Brit-
ain's naval defense weakens, then the
United States will have the navies of
the Europeantdictators tocontend
with in the Atlantic, plus the Japan-
ese in the Pacific.
And a two-ocean drive on South
America by both the dictators and
Japan is more than the Navy likes
to contemplate. That is the chiefbar-
gument behind the "total-embargo
The Cabinet difference first came
to a head more than a month ago
when the action-now group placed
on the President's desk an executive
order embargoing the sale of oil. They
argued that with the military clique
in Japan actually threatening war,
they could not continue to give the
Japanese this vital fuel. The Presi-
dent concurred and signed the order.
Then it went over to the State De-
partment to be carried out.tAndthe
State Department revised the order
so that it applied only to high-test
Carillon Recital: Percival Price,
University Carillonneur, will present
compositions by Purcell, Handel, and
Schubert from 7:15 to 8:00 p.m. to-
day in his regular Thursday concert.
The audience will hear the recitals
best at a little distance from the
Tower, and where there is not too
much street noise
College of Architecture and De-
sign: Christmas greeting cards, de-
signed by well-known artists, are be-
ing shown in the ground floor cor-
ridor cases, Architecture Building.
Open daily, 9:00-5:00, except Sun-
day, through October 21. The public
Lecture: Under the joint sponsor-
ship of the National Defense Com-
mittee and the Department of Ger-
man, Gerhart Seger, of the German-
American Congress for Democracy,
will speak on "Can Hitler Win This
War?" at 4:15 p.m. Friday, October
18, in the Rackham Hall.
English Journal Club will meet to-
night at 8:00 in the West Conference
Room of the Rackham Bldg. Pr-
fessor A. H. Marckwardt will speak
on "The Walrus and the Carpenter."
The U. of M. Forestry Club will
meet tonight at 7:30 in Room 2054
Natural Science Building. Pre-for-
esters and transfer students are in-
La Sociedad Hispanica will meet
tonight at 7:30 at the Michigan
League. Members are urged to be
present.dPatrons, Faculty and others
interested are cordially invited.
Michigan Forum: Norman Thom-
as, Socialist candidate for president,
will speak at 4:15 p.m. today,
in the Main Ballroom of the
Michigan. Union. The meeting is
open to the public. Discussion from
the floor will follow.
University Press Club of Michigan:
The members of the faculty are
cordially invited to attend the ses-
sions of the University Press Club
of Michigan which begin Thursday
afternoon, October 17, and extend
through Friday afternoon, October
18. Details concerning the meetings
'are given on page 1 of this issue of
the Michigan Daily.
Varsity Glee 'Club: Bus for Bay
City leaves the Union at 3:05 p.m.
sharp today. Wear dark suits, white
shirts and dark shoes. The follow-
ing men will make the trip:
Jim Bassett, Charles Schaeffer,
Charles Parthum, Tony Weller, Dave
Allen, Erwin Scherdt, James Martin,
Jim Bob Stephenson, Ken Repola,
John Fry, Russell Steere, Franklin
Powers, James Crowe, Chandler
Pinney, Frank Mount, Ed Gibson,
Donald Mason, William Swenson,
Floyd Rechlin, John Verhagen,
George Muller, James Conti, Dick
Boynton, Harold Stern, Walter Lai-
tala, Cary Landis, James George, Wil-
fred. Shale, Herbert Neuchterlein,
Roy Sommerfeld, Stan Hipwood,
Charles Brown, David Mattern, Jack
Ossewaarde, Jim Berger,
International Center: Tea, 4:00-
6:00 p.m. today. Students who have
identified themselves with the Center
are urged to invite their student or
faculty friends. .5n invitation is
extended also to any one interested
to meet our foreign young people or
to see the Center.
At 7:30 this evening, the Class in
English for Foreign Students. Stu-
dents whose language is other than
English who desire to improve their
pronunciation, develop their vocabu-
lary, and increase their general fa-
cility in the use of English will find
this work under a specialized teacher
very helpful. Immediate enrollment
is necessary as the section is limited
to a small number of students.
The Society of Automotive Engin-
eers will meet tonight at 7:30 in room
311 W. Engineering Bldg. All new
members urged to be present. Elec-
tion of officers and announcement
of plans for the trip to Dearborn.
Michigan Sailing Club will meet
for a discussion of Sailing Principles
and Racing Tactics at 7:30 tonight
in Room 338 West Engineering Build-
Classical Students: Phi Tau Alpha
will meet tonight at 7;30 in the Rack-
ham Building. Any student taking
Latin 81, or any more advanced
course, or any course in Greek, is
cordially invited to come and meet
informally with other students and
with the faculty of the department.
Seminar in Bible, weekly s at Lane
Hall, beginning today at 4:30 -p.m.
under the direction of Mr. Kenneth
Morgan, Director of the Student Re-
ligious' Association. Open to all in-
Alpha Lambda Delta meeting of all
members who were initiated last
spring today at 4:30 p.m. in the
League. Room will be posted on the
The Michigan Wolverine Student
Cooperative, Inc., announces its sec-
ond annual open house tonight, 8:00
to 10:30 p.m. Tours of inspection,
free dancing and refreshments. All
students, faculty, and townspeople
Coffee Hours will be held at the
Hillel Foundation this afternoon
from 4:00 to 6:00. All Hillel mem-
bers are cordially invited to attend.
The first of a series of four lec-
tures on "The Nature of Man," spon-
sored by the Student Religious As-
sociation, will be given by Dr. Mar-
tin Fischer of the University of Cin-
cinnati in the Rackham Lecture Hall,
Rifle Team: All men interested in
trying out should report at the
R.O.T.C. Hall, Friday, October 18, at
4:00 p.m. Members of last year's
team should also report. The Rifle
Team is restricted to members of
Public Health students (women)
are cordially invited to a dessert
ridge (games for those who do not
play bridge) on Friday, Oct. 18, 3:00-
6:00 p.m. in the Women's Athletic
Disciples Guild (Christian Church)
will have a Homecoming Party from
9-12:00 p.m. Friday, Oct. 18, in
Recreation rooms of the church.
Conservative Services will be held
at the Hillel Foundation on Friday,
Oct. 18, at 7:30 p.m. Gerhart Seger
will be a guest speaker at the Fire-
side Discussion to follow. The public
is invited to attend.
On November Ballots
" * *I
O DECIDE whether government can
approximate excellent standards of
efficiency and, at the same time, remain respon-
sible to the people, the voters of Michigan will
cast their ballots November 4 on the constitu-
tional amendment to establish permanent civil
The question of civil service in Michigan has
been a political football kicked back and forth
between opposing party lines. Politicians have
been faced with the problem of maintaining and
strengthening party lines which have been shat-
tered during the past decade by the alternating
Republican and Democratic victories. Patron-
age has been the bargaining power in both rival
camps. But to those who were administering
the state, namely the politicians themselves, the
selection of personnel became onerous. Fruitful
state patronage was a burden not only because
of its size but because of its complexity.
IT WAS IN 1936 that the late Gov. Frank D.
Fitzgerald created a study commission to in-
vestigate the situation. Inequality of salaries
for the same work ranging, in one case, from
$960 to $2800 was revealed. The large turnover
of employes following election and the fact that
more than one-half of the state's employes were
related were notable parts of the published
At 8:15 p.m. today at the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre, the Art Cin-
ema League will present one of the
most distinguished of French films,
"The End of a Day."
The picture is not only distinctive
because of its sure direction, clever
dialogue and expert acting, but
above all, because the audience, any
audience, will realize that this is pos-
sibly the last artistic production to
emerge from Free France.
Sentimentally, but not excessively
so, the picture tells movingly and
powerfully the story of the inmates
of a home for aged actors and espe-
cially the story of the egoist, eternal
Don Juan, St. Clair, played by Louis
"The End of a Day" has, moreover,
received gracious tribute from all the
leading critics of the nation. The
New York Times termed the motion
picture "One of the great films of the
year"; the New York Post, "An ex-
cellent film." In these praises this
columnist wholeheartedly joins.
On the other hand, the State De-
partment plus some of the admirals
favor a go-slow policy toward Japan.
They believe in applying the embar-
goes gradually, or as Mr. Ickes des-
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