PAG FURTHE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, MWAY 28, 194
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Drama In Two Acts
By TOM THUMB
The Common Lot Of Minorities
Editorial cites recent Court decision outlawing Negro dis-
crimination-chides Jews for their own intolerances-says
they must help all minorities.
BcOM IE M s'"i'' "--- ---
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NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT MANTHO
The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
A Lesson In
German Propaganda .. .
H AVE YOU HEARD what's happening
in Poland? Neutral observers, news-
papermen and relief administrators have not
painted a pretty picture of the situation there.
They have reported such things as massacres,
mass starvation, concentration camps, brutal
German rule and enforced labor.
But Facts In Review, in its May 12 issue, pub-
lished by the German Library of Information,
claims that the Polish situation is well under
control and everyone is completely satisfied.
Following is a partial review of "The Adminis-
tration of the Gouvernement General."
Administration Predominantly Polish
"Since only a few of the former "starost" of-
fices were taken over by German officials, the
majority of them simply having been abandoned,
the shortage of trained personnel immediately
became a pressing problem. It was solved by
drafting a few officials for key positions from
the administrative staff of the Reich, while the
vast bulk of all administrative posts in the coun-
try were filled by the former Polish incumbents
or by Poles called from private life. Conditions
in a country where large districts had never been
opened up by either railroads or even the postal
service were naturally such that administration
methods often had to be improvised. Since speed
was essential, local authorities were given a great
deal of leeway in making decisions, a move
which not only increased the feeling of personal
responsibility but also permitted the treating of
individual problems as such rather than accord-
ing to a hard and fast system of rules.
Solving Minorities Problems
"SIDE BY SIDE with the readjustment of the
administrative apparatus--leaving existing
Polish laws untouched wherever that was possi-
ble-went the cultural and judicial reconstruc-
tion of the country. Members of the German
minority which had been systematically sup-
pressed for decades were given rights to which
they had always been entitled. The laws af-
fecting this group are administered only by
"Other national minorities, received similar
consideration. The Ukrainians, for example,
were finally given that complete self-government
in cultural, economic and church affairs which
the Poles had denied them in spite of solemn
promises made when the republic was. founded.
In the districts of Lublin and Cracow the Greek
Orthodox Church was given official status; the
cathedral at Chelm and fifty churches appro-
priated by the Poles were returned to their
rightful owners. Sports organizations, camps for
refugees, schools, convalescent homes for chil-
dren and youths, kindergartens and other insti-
tutions were made available and a Ukrainian
press was permitted to develop.
"Naturally, the Jewish problem in the Govern-
ment General necessitated special measures. It
was obvious from the first that the numerically
strong Jews had to be given specific tasks which
they could fulfill properly only under relative
self-administration. This led to the formation
of the so-called Jewish Councils which on the
one hand are responsible to the German authori-
ties and on the other hand can guarantee the
faithful execution of rules and regulations.
Supervising Welfare And Sanitary Work
"IN CONTRAST to the German and Ukrainian
mirnita_ hr Plsh namilantia haiway
(The opinions of this writer are his own, and any
similarity to those of actual persons, living or In
conscription camps, is purely coincidental.)
The Vinson Bill will, for all practical purposes,
outlaw strikes. e-News Item
The Hobbs Bill, H.R. 2266, would make it legal
for government agencies to tap telephone wires.
Concentration camps are now being built in the
United States to house "fifth colmnists" whom
the government cannot legally deport.
Anti-war speakers were refused the right to
lecture in many American cities. -News Item
In official circles it was generally recognized
that American convoys may be plying across the
ocean at the present time, without the knowledge
of the people. -News Item
Defense Jobs: Only white Christians of British
or Ulster Irish Descent need apply.
-From a classified advertisement
ACT I: A German University, 1938
FRITZ: We are alone now, Werner. What was
it you wanted to speak to me about?
WERNER: Fritz, I know that you are a clear
thinker, that you realize that under this system
of oppression we -
FRITZ: ShhhL Someone may hear you -!
WERNER: (whispering)-we can never really
claim to exist. If we only lived in a democracy-
like America-where we could voice our disap-
proval-where the people really govern. But here
we are kept under the tyranny of oppression,
where minorities are persecuted, and anyone op-
posing the government mysteriously vanishes ...
FRITZ: But have you forgotten? The Reich is
fighting-fighting to gain back what is rightfully
hers. Sacrifices are necessary-
WERNER: Oh, you, too have lost your per-
spective in the midst of all this party-con trolled
"education." Will we never again be allowed to
breathe the fresh air of truth-of freedom-of
FRITZ: Please keep quiet! And don't mention
that word, democracy. There may be people lis-
tening. Please don't talk any more.
WERNER: What's the use of living if we
can't really live? No, I won't keep quiet. I'll say
it-I'll shout it! Democracy! DEMOCRACY! The
most wonderful word in the world! Democracy!
The democracy of America, where one may speak
as he wishes, work as he wishes, where the coun-
try is run by the people! Heil, DEMOCRACY!
(There is a loud rap on the door. Five uniform-
ed men plunge into the room, grab WERNER and
FRITZ and drag them out.)
WERNER: (Shouting as they carry him from
the room) See! They do it to us here. But not in
America. In America men are free! Men may live!
They may speak as they wish! DEMOCRACY!
DEMOCRACY! May they have DEMOCRACY
ACT II: An American University. Time-the
FRED: (At the telephone) Hello, Bill? . . .
This is Fred.
BILL: (Voice) Yes, Fred.
FRED: I called up to say goodbye. I'm leaving
BILL:)Why in the world are you doing that?
FRED: Oh, there are a lot o reasons. For one
thing I lost my job today.
BILL: Lost your job? How come? I thought
you were doing pretty well.
FRED: Well, I got into an argument with
another one of the busboys. I said I didn't like
the way Roosevelt was doing things. Well, the
boss heard me. He came up to me and said, 'Isn't
your name Stein?' I said 'Yes,, sir, it is.' He said,
'That's a German name, isn't it?' So I told him
that originally my family did come from Ger-
many.. So then he said, 'If you don't like it here,
why don't you go back to your Nazi friends in
Germany?' He called me a Nazi, Bill! The Nazis
are persecuting my people and he called me a
BILL: Oh, don't let it get you down, Bill. He
was just excited. You can get another job.
FRED: Not in this town. I'm blacklisted. I've
a number of basic decisions had to be made
forthwith in order to safeguard the interests of
the country as a whole. To re-establish as quick-
ly as possible the regular obligatory examination
of domestic aninials, together with the super-
vision of slaughtering and the inspection of
,heat, the use of abattoirs was made compulsory,
and sanitary laws were more rigorously en-
forced. Further, a more modern utilization of
cadavers, hides, horns and hoofs was introduced.
"It is to be expected that in the course of time
innovations will occasionally be necessary to
replace the old Polish inefficiency and disorder.
But the results achieved in a relatively brief
period prove even now that with cooperation
from all parties every Polish problem can be
THIS, THEN, is the situation in Poland. Let us
disregard the stories of Poles being shipped
by cattle cars into the most deserted parts of the
country and left to starve. Just ignore the mass
slaughter of those foolish Poles who dare raise
a voice in protest, to the German rule. Pay no
attention to the eye witness reports of German
citizens walking into Polish homes and taking
over, having paid rent in advance to officials in
Berlin. Rest easily, the Polish situation is well
- Eugene Mandeberg
To facilitate typographical work, all Letters
To The Editor conforming to the following
specifications will be given preference in the
tried all the restaurants.. They say I'm a trouble-
maker and a fifth columnist and what not.
BILL: But can't your father send you enough
money to finish out the school year?
FRED: On the money he gets? Hell, no! He
works all day in the factory; and the prices are
so high he can't buy anything with his salary.
BILL: But people are making so much money
now, with all the defense projects.
FRED: Not all of the people. With strikes il-
legal, the bosses don't have to consider the people
who work for them. They know they can get
labor for practically nothing. Because the gov-
ernment protects the bosses. I may as well leave
school. I'll be drafted soon anyway.
BILL: Don't be so pessimistic. This is a great
emergency. Don't you read the papers? This is a
war to preserve our way of life.
FRED: Yeah. But what are the papers now?
Little more than Paid Pipers . . . Narrow, regu-
lated propaganda. And they don't have to go to
war to preserve my way of life the way it is now.
My way of life stinks. Where's this democracy
everybody's talking about? Democracy! Huh ...
If only we had a true democracy, a real democ-
racy . . . Hello, Hello! . . . Bill! . . . I guess he
(Five minutes elapse)
(A loud rap on the door. A man enters with a
badge and a gun.)
MAN: Your name Fred Stein?
FRED: Why, yes.
MAN: I'm from the FBI. Come with me.
FRED: What's the matter. I haven't done any-
thing. Have you a warrant for my arrest?
MAN: You're wanted for attempted sabotage
of the defense program. We've had our eyes on
you for a long time. And I don't need no warrant.
I've got a gun. You're going to a nice, safe labor
FRED: But what have you got on me?
MAN: We heard you talking on the telephone.
Get moving, you red Nazi fifth columnist!
FRED: But all I mentioned was democracy!
This is exaggerated, but it's graphic. It tells
things that an editorial cannot hope to tell. Let's
not let it happen here.
IS IT NOT SAD that when a group of judges, sitting
in the highest court of the United States, issues a
decision that Negroes may ride in Pullman cars, the
announcement of that decision should make front
page news in all the important newspapers? Sad in-
deed; for such is the spiritual state of the world that
this commonplace of decency appears a boon to ethical
progress. But if we are saddened by the conditions of
the world which makes such a decision seem like at
titanic achievement, we must be delighted by the fact
that the Supreme Court of the United States defied
the protest of ten Southern Attorney Generals and
dealt a powerful blow to discrimination.
The case concerned Representative Arthur W.
Mitchell, of Chicago, the only Negro membe' of Con-
gress, who was refused accommodations on Pullman
cars. Justice Hughes insisted that the case hinged
upon the vital question of "equality of treatment," and
answered objections which sought to minimize the
importance of. the problem on the ground that not
many Negroes generally call for first-class accommo-
dations. "Numbers must not be taken into account,"
he said, "it is the individual who is entitled to the
equal protection of the laws-not merely a group of
individuals or a body of persons according to their
ALL THINKING JEWS will recognize at once, in this
Supreme Court decision, a reinforcement of those
basic guarantees which continue to make the United
States the land of freedom; and they will naturally
hail the decision. But to hail such a decision does not
require much imagination, nor does it imply whole-
hearted approval of the principles involved. It is easy
enough for A to tell B how he should treat C. What
is not quite so easy is for Jews to realize that the wel-
fare of the Jews is involved as much in the way Jews
treat Negroes as in the way non-Jews treat them.
Certainly, when one minority wins a victory, all minor-
ities enjoy something of that victory. But the con-
verse is also true: the sufferings of one minority will
sooner or later affect others, as no minority should
ever feel safe so long as another minority is oppressed.
We are impelled to utter these truths because of a
From "The Reconstructionist," organ of the Jewish Reconstruction Foundation
statement which occurs in the current issue of the
Bulletin of the Rabbinical Assembly. Rabbi Aaron H.
Blumenthal writes on "When Jew Meets Jew" and
says: "For the South has no anti-Semitic problem
worth mentioning. The ubiquitous anti-Negro selqti-
ment, and the ready outlet for 'self-expression' whic\
it affords are sufficient to absorb all of the violent and
virulent propensities of the South. For good measure,
some of the border states have their Mexican minori-
ties. Jews, on the other hand, are counted among the
whites. They feel secure .. "
No Minority Safe
WE WONDER how secure any minority can or
should feel in an atmosphere where violent and
virulent propensities have to find an outlet for self-
expression. It is not realistic to assume that as long
as oppression and exploitation are rife, the Jews may
discover some day that the outlet has widened to in-
clude themselves? And have we not good reason to
suspect that if ever the Negroes, in desperation .and
indignation, decide to strike back, they are more likely
to attack the Jews who have been profiting at their
expense, than they are to attack the large masses of
non-Jewish whites, who are equally guilty but less
vulnerable to attack.
Events in Detroit and in New York, during the last
few years, have revealed a deep-seated resentment on
the part of Negroes against the Jews whom they accuse
of injustice. Undoubtedly, the resentment may be
traced less to what the Jews do-for they are probably
no worse than non-Jews-than to what they fail to
do. What do the Jews fail to do? They fail to identify
their destiny as a group with the destiny of all op-
pressed and under-privileged groups. They fail to
throw their lot with other minorities. They want to
be "counted among the whites." The result is that the
Jews incur the enmity of the Negroes, and then dis-
cover that they do not enjoy the- acceptance of the
IF JEWS hope to secure their rights in this land, they
must live up to the decision of the Supreme Court
with regard to Negroes, and extend it to all phases
Ann Arbor Dramatic Season presents Skylark by
Samson Raphaelson, May 27-31, at the Mendelssohn.
George Gorell, Philip Tonge; Theodore, Ivan Simp-
son; Tony Kenyon, Leon Ames; Lydia Kenyon, Ruth
Matteson; Bill Blake, Hiram Sherman; Myrtle valen-
tine, Lynn Kendal; Harley valentine, Matt Briggs;
Charlotte Franklin, Dorothy Blackburn; Ned Brank-
lin, William David; Maid, Adeline Gittlin.
With the sudden withdrawal of Ilka Chase
from the lead of Skylark, a great many people
felt uneasy about the substitution of Ruth Mat-
teson. It was a pleasant surprise when last
night's audience witnessed an excellent perform-
ance, hampered only by an excess of fluttering.
The short time for rehearsals was clearly reflect-
ed in a readily detectable amount of ad-libbing
The play, dramatized from a Saturday Eve-
ning Post serial, was structurally weak. The
plot was trite, a fact brought even more start-
lingly to one's attention by comparison with
The Male Animal, which could not have reached
the Michigan campus at a more appropriate
time. The marital strife of an enterprising ad-
vertising agent and his bouncing wife versus Baby
Malt, a smalltime gold-digger married to a big-
time business man, and her alcoholic lawyer boy-
friend is a theme older than the hills. Raphael-
son is not Noel Coward, and he has not succeed-
ed in making the play frothy with the limited
material. The chief fault of the whole produc-
tion lay in the play's weakness, and it is a
Godsend that Hiram Sherman and Leon Ames
were present to lift it above its mediocrity. I
was surprised when the selection of Skylark
was announced for without Gertrude Lawrence
it obviously would have closed after a short run.
It was a pleasure to Ann Arbor audiences to
see Philip Tonge back on the Lydia Mendels-
sohn stage. As Tony Kenyon's 'guide' and men-
tor, he turned in the same finished performance
that has characterized his other appearance here.
Notably unpleasant was Lynn Kendal, who radi-
ated venom adequately in her highlight scene
with Lydia. Matt Briggs as Myrtle's 'Pootchy'
displayed the professional finesse he gave Ed
Keller last week.
It is difficult to avoid comparing Skylark with
its predecessor, for the characterizations of
Ames and Miss Matteson very closely approached
their roles in The Male Animal. Matteson cavorts
more vigorously as the harassed wife, while
Ames is still incredulous and energetic at his post
of the business success.
New to Ann Arbor audiences this year, there is
little doubt that Ames will be invited to return.
In spite of a noticeable insecurity in his lines, the
weight of the entire play rests on his shoulders.
The anniversary album episode is one of the
two or three highlights in the play, and it is not.
Skylark was old-home-week with the welcome
return of Tonge and Sherman. Remembered by
this reviewer as the savior of two weak produc-
tions in the 1940 Series, A Winter's Tale and
Boyd's Shop, Sherman injected a great deal of
zestful acting in his other-man role of Bill Blake,
the cynical lawyer. Dorothy Blackburn, William
David, and particularly Ivan Simpson turned in
TO THE EDITOR
A Mant's Prerogative
DO NOT like to complain but
things have gone too far. I'll con-
cede women should have equal rights
and be able to walk in the front door
of the Union. They should remember,
however, that complete disillusion-
ment of men will destroy the respect
for their sex with which every college
man is imbued.
Therefore I protest in the name of
our civilization that the girl on the
fourth floor of Martha Cook put away
her field glasses and stop watching
the lawyers watching the girl on the
Haven't men any prerogatives left?
Robert Grote, '42L
P.S. - "She looks just like Margie."
Of Lindbergh Criticized
To The Editor:
ONE CAN'T HELP but feel that
Touchstone wants companionship
while championing the isolationist
cause and doesn't care where he gets
And to show his appreciation
Touchstone is even willing to defend:
his newly enlisted cohorts from any
attacks they may be laid open to.
In his defenise of Charles Lind-
bergh or the little boy whom America
did wrong, Touchstone tells in beau-
tiful language how quickly the people
of our country forget about the noble
deeds of the brave young aviator. Now
the columnist says the president, the
cabinet, the dowager ladies turn upon
him merely because he says we can't
build planes fast enough.
But certainly the "poor misunder-
stood boy" has done many more
things to get his name in the head-
1. Accepted a medal from Hitler.
2. Addressed organizations whose
memberships are predominantly
3. Endorsed his wife's book, "Wave
of the Future," which accepts to-
talitarianism as the government
of the future.
4. Condemned the English govern-
ment'while never once condemn-
5. Been praised by Hitler as Amer-
ica's greatest living American.
6. Father Coughlin's "Social Jus-
tice" magazine feels that he is the
logical choice for the presidency
of the United States.
Come now, Touchstone, certainl
we can't continue to shower confett
on the boy who has changed froma
(Continued from Page 2)
Stenographer Clerk B, $105, June
Stenographer Clerk A, $130, June
Medical Stenographer B, $105, June
Complete announcements on file at
the Bureau, 201 Mason Hall. Office
hours: 9-12 and 2-4.
Seminar in Physical Chemistry will
meet today in room 410 Chemistry
Building at 4:15 p.m. Topic: "Dis-
cussion on Raman Effect."
Geology 11 Make-up Examinations
(all three blueboks will be made up
at the same time): Examinations will
be held at 4:00 p.m. on Tuesday, June
3, in room 2054.
Doctoral Examination for Marvin
Augustus Bacon, Economics; Thesis:
"The Shifting of the Gasoline Tax
and Its Effect on Gasoline Consump-
tion, an Inductive Study;" today at
2:00 p.m., in the West Council Room,
Rackham Building. Chairman, R. S.
Doctoral Examination for Irving
Wingate Burr, Mathematics; Thesis:
"Cumulative Frequency Functions,"
today at 3:00 p.m., in the East Coun-
cil Room, Rackham Building. Chair-
man, H. C. Carver.
Doctoral Examination for Mary
Elizabeth Mechem, Education; The-
sis: "The Relationship of Affectivity
to 'Various Measures of Growth in
Children," today at 4:00 p.m., in
the West Lecture Hall, Rackham
Building. Chairman, W. C. Olson.
Doctoral Examination for Charles
Howard Peake, English Language
and Literature; Thesis: "Domestic
Tragedy in Relation to Theology in
the First, Half of the Eighteenth
Century," today 'at 7:00 p.m., in
3223 Angell Hall. Chairman, Paul
Doctoral Examination for Arthur
C. Turgeon, Romance Languages;
Thesis: "Gustave Planche, the Man
-His Literary Relations," today at
3:00 p.m., in Alcove A, Men's Lounge'
Rackham Building. Chairman, M.
By action of the Executive Board
the chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend the exam.
ination and he may.grant permission
to those who foresufficient reason
may wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Carillon Recital: Featured on th
carillon program from 7:15 to 8:00
p.m. on Thursday, May 29, will b
the playing of the "First Rhapsody
for Two Carillonneurs" by Perciva
Price, University Carillonneur, an
a rr.wn-A ntirn nth
cital at 8:00 p.m. Sunday, June 1,
in Hill Auditorium, in partial fulfill-
ment of the requirements for the
Bachelor of Music degree. The recital
will be open to the general public,
and the change from the customary
8.30 recital time should be noted.
Miss Christiansen is a student of
Prof. Palmer Christian.
Twelfth Annual Exhibition, of
Sculpture in the Michigan League
Building. On view until June 21.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: Ceramics, by Mr. Grover
Cole, members of the Faculty, and
students. Ground floor cases, Archi-
tecture Building. Open daily, 9 to 5,
through June 14. The public is in-
Michigan Alumnae Club. The an-
nual garden party and last meeting
of the year will be held at the home
of Mrs. Alexander G. Ruthven, to-
day, 3:30-5:30 p.m. The election of
officers will be held and the anuual
reports will be given.
Speech Students: Mr. A. G. Gabri-
el, general agent for the Midland
Mutual Life Insurance Company,
will give an informal talk on "Sug-
gestions to Students in Making an
Interview for a Position" today at
4:00 p.m. in room 4203 Angell Hall.
Zeta Phi Eta cordially invites mem-
bers of Athena, Alpha Nu, Delta Sig-
ma Rho, and all other -persons in-
terested, to hear Mr. Ivan Simpson
reminisce on theatre experiences at
the Society's last meeting in room
1035 Angell Hall at 3:00 p.m. today.
* Alpha Phi Omega, National Service
Fraternity, will formally initiate its
present pledge class this evening at
6:00 in the Union. The Annual
Spring Banquet will follow at 6:30.
Those interested in living in one
of the men's cooperative houses next
t semester can be interviewed tonight
at 7:30 in room 304 of the Union.
Hobby House meeting today at 3:15
p.m. All girls interested in leather
tooling and wood-burning are invited,
Wesley Foundation: Student Tea
and Open House for all Methodist
a students and their friends today in
the Student Lounge, 4:00-5:30 p.m.
All Episcopal Students There will
be a celebration of the Holy Com-
munion in the Bishop Williams Me-
e morial Chapel, today, at 7:30 a.m.
ie Michigan Dames: The Drama
y Group will have a Potluck picnic at
1 the home of Mrs. Cowden, 1016 Olivia,
d tonight at 8:00.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
e I ,,.