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May 04, 1941 - Image 8

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1941-05-04

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SUNDAY, MAY 4, 1941

ritish Surrounded At Habbaniyah Airport;:
Iraluis Claim Destruetion f26 HAF Paies.
Axis Troops Trapped On Egyptian Frontier

Army Group
Will "ponsor
TalkIb 1Dow
Alex Dow, ipresident of the Detroit
Edison Company and head of the De-
'rcit Ordnance District, will be guest
speaker at a meeting of the Univer-
sity student chapter of the Army Ord-
nance Association to be held at 8
p.m. Tuesday in the auditorium of the
Kellog Foundation, Verne C Kn

Basra Reinforced By Two
Contingents To Protect
British Fleet's Oil Line
(By The Associated Press)
LONDON, May 4.-British troops
battling to preserve the empire's vast
oil fields in the middle east drove off
Iraq forces attacking in the Basra
area at the headi of the Persian Gulf,
it was learned in London early today.
RAF bombers and artillery wereI
thrown into action against the Iraq
troops in this, the second battle area
to develop in the suddenly flaring
war in Iraq.
The British acknowledged last
night that planes and men had been
lost in a two-day battle at Habba-
niyah airdrome.
Reinforcements Landed
Two contingents of reinforcements
have been landed in recent days at
Basra to help meet the threat to the
precious flow of oil to the British
Mediterranean fleet.
Pritish quarters here branded as
untrue German reports Indian colon-
ials had surrendered to the Iraqi
The official statement, admitting
"a number of our aircraft have
been destroyed on the ground and
some casualties have been sustained,"
said, however, the RAF had paid the
Iraqis back by blasting some of their
guns into silence.
The battle continued tonight-but,
authoritative sources asserted, the
oil which alone makes Iraq a prize
worth fighting for still flows by pipe-
line to the Mediterranean. Britain
blames agents of oil-hungry Germany]
for provoking the two-day-old con-I
British Admit Losses
The Iraq government, anti-British
since a coup d'etat placed Raschid
Ali Al Gailani in power as premier
April 4, claimed destruction of 26
British planes at Habbaniyah, the
RAF base 60 miles west of Baghdad;
and said the British had lost mech-
anized units in a vain attack on Rut-
bah (Rusba) Fort and airdrome, 250
mile.s west of Baghdad. The ministry!
of information said the Rutbah story!
was untrue, but acknowledged de-
struction of Habbaniyah planes,
mostly trainers.
A formal British communique said
Habbaniyah was entirely surrounded
by Iraq troops entrenched in, the
high ground overlooking the field and
that since early Friday the unforti-I
fled cantonment had been blasted by
tons of artillery shells.
Some of the guns were smashed by
British bombers, but the shelling at
point-blank range continues, and the
Iraqi air force has tried to raid the
airdrome, the British officials stated.-
"As regards -Iraqi claims to have
occupied oil wells and all airdromes

Vichy Reports
U.S. Vessels
At Suez Canal
VICHY, France, May 3.-(IP)-Dip-
lomatic informants who usually are
reliable said tonight they had cir-
cumstantial reports that 26 Ameri-
can merchant ships, stacked to the
funnels with war material for the
British middle-eastern armies and
accompanied by American warships,
had reached the Suez Canal.
The word used by the informants
to descirbe the reported presence of
United States naval vessels was that
they were "convoying" the merchant
In Washington the Navy Depart-
ment stated immediately upon re-
ceipt of the report: "No United
States Navy ships are employed in
convoy duty."
Maritime sources however said it
was quite possible the merchant ships
reported at Suez had left United
States shores with 75 mm. cannon
and other material intended for
Greece and Yugoslavia, and while it
had been understood these vessels
were mainly Yugoslav and Greek
freighters, some informed sources
suggested American vessels also
might have headed for Suez via the
Cape of Good Hope.
The report the ships had arrived
created a great stir in Vichy where
United .States willingness as ;well as
ability to convoy aid to Britain has
been considered doubtful.
However, the fact that President
Roosevelt recently suspended the
neutrality ban on American ships
entering the Red Sea and proceed-
ing to Suez had been considered the
forerunner of just such a move as
reported today.

English Mechanized Unit's
Bold Sortie Surprises
Forces Of Invaders

CAIRO, Egypt, May 8. -( '?-)- A .L~ VLS
CIRO EgyptMay r. ing A- nedy, '42E, corresponding secretary of
British mechanized force cutting be- the society, announced yesterday.
hind the Germanand Italian posi- Following Mr. Dow's talk, which
tions on the Egyptian frontier has is entitled "Procurement Problems,"
raced across the desert plateau and the students present will hold an open
taken by surprise a considerable body discussion of the Subject with Mr.
of Axis troops, middle eastern head- Dw
quarters announced tonight. Dow.
This bold sortie, reminiscent of the Detroiaddtion to his position etroit
tactics used in routing the Italians Ordnance District, Mr. Dow is a mem.
last winter, was carried out in the ber of a number of national engin-
Salum sector while the. Axis forces ernof ner o, n tiosaleenrg-
stabbed repeatedly at British-held eering societies, and has been recog-
Tobruk 80 miles to the west, only to nized with two honorary degrees
wind up still in the southwestern in engineering from the University.
corner of that port's outer ring of Before the meeting Mr. Dow will
defenses. meet with the officers of the organi-
The thwarted Tobruk assaults were nation for supper.Officers are Ray-
declared to have cost the Axis forces mond H. Gauthier, '42E, president;
heavy losses. These attacks were Douglas H. Knight, '42E, vice-presi-
carried out for the most part by Ger- dent; Kennedy; and Lawrence A.
mans using tanks with considerable Shipman, '42E, recording secretary.
air support. The middle east'com- The local chapter of the national
mand said. two Stukas were bagged. organization was given its charter
Military sources said the persist- here a few months ago, when Brig.-
ence of the Axis attacks indicated Gen. Barnes, of the Ordnance staff,
fully the British hold on Tobruk was United States Army, came here spec-
stalling the Axis drive across north- ially for the induction.
ern Africa. They added that con-------
tinuation of these attacks was to be (,er man Art Exhibit

Group To Hear
Dr. Studebaker
Education Commissioner
To Address Convocationv,
Ruthven Will Preside
Dr. John W. Studebaker, United
States Commissioner of Education,
will address the sixth annual Con-
vocation of the School of Education
at 4:15 p.In. Tuesday in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre on "Teachers
in a World of Propaganda.".
President Ruthven will preside at
the meeting which will honor the
teacher'scertificate candidates from
all schools and colleges of the Uni-
versity. Representatives of various
faculties of the University will be
seated with the members of the edu-
cation school faculty on the plat-
form. k
Under the direction of Clyde Vro-
man the music groups of the Uni-.
versity High School will appear on
the program.
Announcement will also be made
of the holders of the William H.
Payne Scholar Award and the Burke
Aaron Hinsdale Scholar Award for
next year. The recognition of out-
standing students in the education
school will be announced by Prof.
Francis D. Curtis of the education
I school. The two honors were estab-
lisied in the honor of Dr. William
H. Payne, the first head of the de-
partment of education and his suc-
cessor Dr. Burke Aaron Hinsdale.
The Convocation is open to the
public. All students in education are
invited to attend the program held
in honor of graduate and under-
graduate students receiving their
teachers' certificates.
Picture To Be Shown
Under the auspices of the Interna-
tional Center, the color film, "Rails
to Rainbow's End," will be shown atf
7:30 p.m. tomorrow in the Rackham
Building with music accompaniment
and description by Alois Havrila, na-
tionally-famous radio announcer.

The integration of many fields of
knowledge through selective reading,
intensive thinking, critical analysis,
and writing, is the outstanding ad-
vantage of the Tutorial Honors sys-
tem, or the Degree Program for Hon-
ors in Liberal Arts, according to those
students who have been enrolled in it
this year.
In the senior seminar under Prof.
Edward C. Simmons, "The Religion
of the State to Economic Life," Har-
old Osterweil, '41, says, "We have
studied the theories of different econ-
:mists as to this relation, readin'g
-uch men as John Stuart Mill and
Herbert Spenser. As a whole, the sys-
tem has provided me with an.oppor-
tunity to carry on seminar work and
ndividual research under competent
Freedom Of Selection
"By its flexibility of subject
matter and. fewness of members it
has left me with freedom in selecting
the kinds and amo'unt of work I
could do at the same time that it
squarely placed a responsibility on
me to see that the job was done. The
material with which I was concerned
emphasized very clearly the interre-
lationships among: the social sciences
and the further integration to be,
Prof. Burton C. Thuma's juniorl
seminar in the physical science group
has started back as early as records
would permit, about 3200 B.C., in
studying "Development of Scientific
Attitude," according to Betsy Burk-
heiser, '42. "Scientific writers read as
critically as possible, keeping in mind
both the attitudes of the times and
how closely these men were approach-
ing the modern scientific view of na-
tural phenomena." It has taught me
to think andhas givenme intellec-
tual stimulation which is almost im-
possible to attain in the ordinary
academic course."
Seminar Continues
The continuation of this seminar in
the senior year, now under Prof. By-
ron A. Soule, according to Karl Kess-.

ler, '41, has accomplished what he
considers the prime aim of a college
education, namely! the integration
and evaluation of the fragmentary
and apparently unrelated facts
learned in regular course work. "We
have attempted to study and analyze,
in jaistorical sequence, the works of
physicists and chemists who have
added to the'scientific understanding
of the nature of matter."
Noted Artists
To Give Talks

Honors Students Say Program
!Ielps Educational Integration


Be Topic'


The troops which swept behind the
Axis line at Salum were said to have
cut the Bardia-Tobruk road for a
time while they were rounding up
the surprised Germans and Italians.
In addition to the prisoners they.
brought back a big field gun.
This daring maneuver also gained
useful information concerning dis-
position of the Axis troops. Military
quarters said the foray showed the
British still retain their old cunning
at desert warfare and are not losing
the initiative.

Opens To orrowl
Twelve oils by Oscar Kokuschka,
one of the principal, figures in Ger-
man ,painting, will be presented in'
Ann Arbor for the first time tomor-
row in the Rackham Galleries. Spon-
sored by the Ann Arbor Art Associa-
tion, the exhibition is scheduled to re-
main until May 20.
Mr. Kokuschka, born of Czech par-
ents and now "somewhere in Ger-
many," has been called one of the
leading colorists in the expressionist
school. "London Bridge," part of a
series on the Thames River, is an
outstanding example of his work.:

Two noted musicians, Mr. Julius
Chajes, pianist and composer, and
Miss Marguerite Kozenn, soprano,
will discuss the history of Jewish
music at 8 p.m. today in the Grand
Rapids Room of he League under
the auspices of the Hillel Founda-
tion and Avukah, student Zionist or-
Mr. Chajes, an honor prize .Win-
ner in the 1933 Vienna International
piano competition, is a former pro-
fessor of music at the Jewish univer-
sity in Tel Aviv. His recitals in the
United States include one given in
Carnegie Mall and several over the
air. Famed for his musical composi-
tions, he composed his first string
quartet at the age of 14. Casal, El-
man, the Rose Quartet, the Vienna
Symphony Orchestra and the New
York Philharmonic have all played
his music.
Miss Kozenn, a graduate of the
Milan Conservatory, the Vienna Con-
servatory and the \Mozarteum in
Salzburg, was honor, prize winner
over 500 contestants at the 1932 First
International Competition at Vien-
na. In addition, she has been prima
donna of the Royal State. Opera at
Bucharest, and of the 'Volksopera,
Vienna. E


of the country," said the ministry of
information, "it should be pointed
out that these have always been in
Iraqi hands with the single exception
of Shaiba airdrome near Basra, where
so far as is known no hostile action
has been attempted."
English At Loss
Authoritative British sources said
they were unable to ::econcile this
declaration with the fact that before
the war the RAF was known to have
operated several airdromes in Iraq
and that this number presumably had
lbeen increased rather than decreased.
The German radio kept up a run-
ning comment of sensational declara-
tions concerning the Iraq struggleI
even while German officialdom pro-
fessed relative disinterest.
Overheard in London, these broad-'

casts included assertions that Brit-
ish planes tried to raid the Bagh-t
dad residence of the premier;
That one British plane was shot
down in two RAF raids on Iraq troop
concentrations at Baghdad's Camp
That the Iraq Army had taken
over all oil wells, pipelines, pump sta-
tions and fisheries;
That there was an artillery duel
in "the southern area;" and that Iraq
artillery had set off big oil fires
and ammunition explosions at "Cinel-
debane" airport. (This apparently
was a garbled version of Dhibban,
the settlement on Lake Habbaniyah
near the British air base.)
While Brita"n eyed the situaticr>
with undisguised concern, a British
authority said the oil pipeline still
was operating and that in any event
the fleet had stored up "numerous
and adequate" fuel reserves in the



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