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April 22, 1941 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1941-04-22

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

TUESDAY, APRIL 22, 1941

HE MICHIGAN DAILY

I-

Former Student, Managing Editor
Discuss 'Packing' Board In Control

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

' " .

,I

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
tornot otherwise credited in this newpaper. All
tightsof republication of all other matters herein also
reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by
" carrier $4.00; by mail, $4.50.
REPRESENTED FOR NATIONAL AOVERTIJING BY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MAisoN A VE. NEw YoRK. N. Y.
CHICAGO ' BOSTON " LOS ARGELBS - SAN FRANCisrCO

To the Editor:
Word has reached me that the University
administration is considering a project for
"packing" the Board in Control of Student
Publications to insure a constant and invariable
majority for the administration. I hope I may
be assured that such a, plan, if ever seriously
considered, has been discarded, for I can imagine
no act short of genuine censorship which would
have a more debilitating effect upon The Daily.
I WAS EDITOR of the Sunday Magazine of The
Daily in 1922-23, the second and last year of
the Magazine as such. We had a stormy time of
it, and learned that the Board nearly always
had an administration majority in matters where
there was a clear division. But sometimes the
recommendation of the Managing Editor, as in
our case, might serve to make a majority of a
minority, and by and large The Daily was a free
and independent publication.
I suppose President Ruthven might say, with
President Butler of Columbia, that academic
freedom does not exist for students. But if the
student body of Michigan is to be denied even the
right to express its thoughts, however immature
they may be, in public, then American higher
education is on the road to a regimentation
difficult to retrace without incalculable waste.
The present administration at Michigan has
made a start with the requirement that editor-
ials be signed; if it now takes this; other step,
The Daily might as well be discontinued.
T SEEMS A PITY that the staff of the out-
standing college daily in the country should
not be permitted that minimum of intellectual
expression required for intellectual development.
If President Ruthven wants to rear a generation
of automate , let him carry out his plans; if he
wants Michigan to keep her head high in the
community of American universities, let him
pause and take thought. When America is on
the verge of going to war to defeat a system
which stands for compulsory uniformity, it is a
sad commentary if the head of one of our great-
est universities, in the name of democracy, es-
pouses the very system he is said to oppose.
Delbert Clark, '24,
Manager, Washington Bureau
of the New York Times

Member, Associated Collegiate
Editorial Staff

Press, 1940.41

Hervie Haufier
Alvin Sarasohn
Paul M. Chandler
Karl Kessler
Milton Orshefsky'
Howard A. Goldman
Laurence Mascott
Donald Wirtchafter
Esther Osser
Helen Corman

. . . Managing Editor
Editorial Director
. . . . . A City Editor
. . . Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
. . 1 . Associate Editor
S . . . Editor
. . . . .Women's Editor
. . . . Exchange Editor

Business Stafff

Business Manager . .
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager.
Women's Advertising Manager

.
.
.
.

Irving Guttman
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
. Jane Krause

NIGHT EDITOR: DAVE LACHENBRUCH
The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represnt the views of the
writers only.
TNEC Reports
On Monopoly In Defense
"What boots it at one gate to make defense,
And at another to let in the foe?"-Milton
W HILE recent headlines told of our latest de-
fense efforts and more all-out aid-to-Britain
steps, warning of an unguarded "gate" through
which the foe of totalitarianism is already creep-
ing was buried deep in the inside pages of our
Amercan press. That warnng was the Tempor-
ary National Economic Committee's official re-
port of the concentration of economic power in
American society.
The Committee related its exhaustive two-
year study to vital questions to all Americans-
the defense program and the future of demo-
cratic institutions. Both are dangerously men-
aced by monopoly power wielded by a small
inter-related number of industrial empires, the
Committee said.
.ONOPOLYholds the defense program in its
grasp, and the defense program in turn
feeds and strengthens monopoly control, the
TNEC learned. By March 1 the OPM-itself an
agency of vast power-had awarded $13,343,-
"833,000 worth of defense contracts. How it had
distributed them, the Committee found, "re-
veals most dramatically the degree to which the
concentration of economic power and wealth
has proceeded in America." The report termed
as "amazing" the concentration of defense con-
tracts in the hands of a few big corporations
'and their subsidiaries. Six of the biggest closely
inter-related corporate groups hold 45 percent
of all defense contracts. Eighty percent of more
than the thirteen billions in orders has gone
to only 62 companies or inter-related groups.
NOT ONLY does this mean that these cor-
porations have vast power over our govern-
;ment today, but that power is steadily growing
through the blessing of ever larger orders. "It
is quite conceivable," said the TNEC, "that the
democracies might attain a military victory
over the aggressors only to fnd themselves under
the domination of economic authority far more
concentratedand inflbentialathan that which
existed prior to the war."
What monopoly already means today to our
military defense program was summarized in
one of the Committee's monographs "Monopoly
impairs democracy's ability to defend itself in
time of war. National defense requires an ex-
pansion of output; monopoly seeks to augment
its profits by restricting output and maintain-
ing price. It thus obstructs the procurement of
arms and supplies, increases the cost of defense,
adds to the burden of debt and taxation, and
undermines the national morale. When the na-
tion is attacked, it may even turn the balance
from victory to defeat." Even while the wheels
of industry are turning, capital is on strike.
MONOPOLY spreads its domination of Ameri-
can life in times of peace as well as of de-
fense crisis, the Committee reported. It works
its abuses on the American people in many ways.
As one of the Committee's monographs put it,
"A more nearly perfect mechanism for making
the poor poorer and the rich richer could scarcely
be devised." This ever growing inequality of
economic goods and power is the key to political
centralism, the report states. "The records of
this committee prove that restrictive practices
are used by some business organizations not only
J.. Aac rn- i-in +hilt, fn 1epimant mnr- 'h

CC

The
CIty Editor's
£i0 cwatch
PAd

WHEN Forest Evashevski and Ruth Brown
were married in St. Ignace April 12 the local
gentry spared no effort to capitalize on the situ-
ation. One 250 watt radio station even carted
its special remote equipment 52 miles so Evy and
Tom Harmon, the best man, could broadcast
just an hour before the ceremony.
* * *
There is one varsity track man, propri-
etor of a new automobile, who concentrated
too well and not wisely on his girl during a
Spring Vacation drive, and propelled the
vehicle into a mail box.
* * *
LEST YOU THINK the end of school is still
distant, President Ruthven has almost com-
pleted preparation of his Commencement Ad-
dress.
* * *
Two blessings came to lower Michigan
during Spring Vacation: green grass and
the settlement of the Ford strike. Or is it
settled?
already presented is sufficient for the Com-
mittee's statement that, "Our business organiza-
tion-in principle'designed only to serve men-
has instead undertaken to order the lives of all
for their own selfish interests." What to do
about it, in the opinion of the committee, is to
"decentralize industry, eliminate monopoly con-
trol and stimulate competition." To accomplish
these aims the Committee suggests: a national
charter for corporations, repeal of the Miller-
Tydings Enabling Act permitting resale price
maintenance contracts, reform of patent laws,
more funds to prosecute the anti-trust laws,
and other more minor steps to stimulate com-
petition.
THE REFORMS set forth by the Committee
are admirable ideals, though whether all are
adequate or feasible in practice is questionable.
Anti-trust laws have been on the books for
years, and monopoly has flourished, though it is
true that their effectiveness has increased under
Thurman Arnold's tenure as anti-trust sleuth.
But mere sleuthing and not enough of those
very vital ounces of prevention seem to spell
failure for these efforts in the face of such an
immense problem. A national charter for cor-
porations is a hopeful step, but the character
of the provisions is the determining factor in
judging ther adequacy. One cannot fail to be
impressed by the testimony of two of the Com-
mittee's outstanding economists, Commissioner
of Labor Statistics Isador Lubin, and SEC's Leon
Henderson, who said the Committee's program
of reform would not have prevented the last
depression and will not meet the problems of
tomorrow. More disheartening still is the man-
ner in which the Committee's suggestions-in-
adequate as they may be-are being ignored by
Congress.
But the analysis and the great body of fact
enllected in 20.000 pages of testimony by the

Dear Mr. Clark:
There is strong reason to suspect that the
Board in Control of Student Publications will be
"packed" with representatives of the older gfl-
eration. It is apparently impossible to determine
the status of the measure, but we know that
various administrative groups have considered
and have probably approved it.
THE reason for the indefiniteness, apparently,
is that there is a general re-organization of
University rules underway and publications
board plays only a small part. All of these rules
will be submitted for approval en masse in June.
Probably the change in our Board will be but
one of many innovations.
I agree with you that such a change would be
a serious mistake. It would make a farce of the
student vote on the Board. At present there are
four faculty men and three students on the
Board, but occasionally at critical times a fac-
ulty'man wavers over to the side of the students
and the balance is upset. The proposal to in-
crease the older generation's representation to
an eight-to-three ratio would remove any possi-
bility of this. The student :members might just
as well npt attend the meetings.
THERE ARE a number of angles to this mat-
ter, Mr. Clark, that you could not see unless
you were here in Ann Arbor. For instance, this
board revision is supported-paradoxical as it
may sound-by a number of men who sincerely
want to help The Daily' For one thing, the
revision would enable the two alumni members-
both capable newspapermen-to have a vote.
At present they may attend meetings in an ad-
visory capacity, but have no voting power. A
second point is that these men hope to see ap-
pointed-to this new board faculty members who,
instead of being opponents of The Daily, would
be friendly and helpful counselors of the student
editors.
That, I fear, is a dream too good to come
true. There is another group of men who favor
the measure because they want these new
faculty members to be guardians, whip-crackers,
censors of The Daily.
This latter group, by and large, has been
having its way.
WOULD LIKE TO CORRECT YOU in one
thing: your venom against President Ruth-
ven, I can sincerely say, is almost entirely mis-
directed. Despite the ugly appearance of events
here during recent months, Dr. Ruthven, still
retains-and merits, we believe-the respect of
the Daily editors and most of the campus./
The trouble lies not with one individual, nor
one administrative division, but with a group of
men broadcast throughout the administration,
who, although they purport to be leaders and
teachers of youth, have no sympathy for young
people and do not try to understand their prob-
lems. These are the men who want to see radi-
cals and liberal organizations strait-jacketed,
who forced the American Student Union to hold
its "hearing" in a wind-swept ball-park, who
want The Daily to be a 'ubmissive "house-
organ," who desire the "compulsory uniformity"
mentioned in your letter.
THIS IS THE GROUP that has been having its
way far too often, and that may have its way
again if the Board in Control is tampered with.
- Hervie Haufler
%Te
Rbet5 Ak%
WASHINGTON - The CIO steel workers owe
their spectacular wage-increase victory to a man
who is one of their bitterest foes.
HE IS ERNEST T. WEIR, former Treasurer
of the Republican National Committee and
head of the Weirton Steel Company, which is
under charges before the National Labor Re-
lations Board in the longest case on record. The

story of how this militant anti-CIO battler broke
the resistance to its wage demands is one of the
most extraordinary in steel's turbulent history.
The Steel Workers Organizing Committee
(CIO's steel union) aimed its first shaft at
U.S. Steel, mighty giant of the industry, which
has had a contract with the SWOC for several
years. Theory behind the strategy was that once
"Big Steel" came to terms, the others would
have to fall into line.
IN HIS FIRST TALK with U.S. Steel officials,
Phil Murray mentioned no specific figure. The
company officers indicated willingness to con-,
sider a pay adjustment and proposed a 5-cent
an hour increase..
Meanwhile the CIO offensive had become hot
on another front - the vast Ford plant in De-
troit. In the midst of this battle, marchers sud-
denly appeared before Weir's unorganized plant
bearing signs reading, "Ernie, You're Next!"
WEIR, OF COURSE, knew about the wage de-
mand on U.S. Steel;' and realized he would
have to duplicate any increase it granted. Fur-
ther, it was no secret to him that U.S. Steel
was talking 5 cents. If he acted first and volun-
tarily granted a pay boost that topped the offer
of his competitor, which had a union contract,
the union would be at a disadvantage in trying
to organize Weir's workers.
Weir acted. He announced a 10-cent an hour
increase.

TUESDAY, APRIL 22, 1941 r
VOL. LI. No. 140v
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin s constructive notice to all .
members of the University.
Notices
Note to Seniors, June Graduates, and
Graduate Students: Please file appli-
cation for degrees or any special cer-
tificates (i.e. Geology Certificate,
Journalism Certificate, etc.) at once
if you expect to receive a- degree or
certificate at Commencement in,
June. We cannot guarantee that the
University will confer a degree or
certificate at Commencement upon
any student who fails to file such ap-
plication before the close of business
on Wednesday, May 21. If applica-
titon is received later than May 21,
your degree or certificate may not
be awarded until next fall.
Candidates for degrees or certifi-
cates may fill out cards at once at
office of the secretary or recorder of
their own school or college (students
enrolled in the College of Literature,
Science and the Arts, College of Arch-
itecture and Design, School of Music,
School of Education, and School of
Forestry and Conservation, please
note thataapplication blanks may be
obtained and filed in the Registrar's
Office, Room 4, University Hall).
Please do not delay until the last
day, as more than 2,500 diplomas
and certificates must be lettered,
signed, and sealed and we shall be
greatly helped in this work by the
early filing of applications and the
resulting longer period for prepara-
tion.
The filing of these applications does
Churlish
_ By TOUCHSTONE
WAITING ON DESK in Detroit,
Mich., was my come and get your
blood test card from Uncle Sam, tell-
ing me to show up last Thursday at
2 p.m. and if I didn't they would throw
me in the clink or fine me or put me
in the army right away, so I did,
scared as hell - the doctor wasn't
there.
A good guy, the doctor, but if you
know what I mean, how's about a lit-
tle two-way license in this business?
Perfectly valid excuse to say that wo-
men having babies can't wait for some
small fry draftee to get his feet
looked at and needles stuck in him.
On the other hand, an equally valid
excuse for potential draftee to have
business which keeps him away, and
is just as important in his life as an
obstetrics fee is to the M.D.
WE ARE GETTING a rooking on
every side, gentlemen. Watch the
newspapers carefully and find out
what Frank Knox, F.D.R., et al are
doing about a good old red-blooded
American form of censorship. In Sun-
day's Free Press, apparently the only
paper in Detroit which is editorially
bucking the quick rush toward war in
Washington, on page one there ap-
pears a story concerning the plans o1
the government, including what the
brass hats intend in the heretofore
unexploited field of censorship. The
deal is for the fiery patriotism o
editors to crop up and the newspap-
ers to censor themselves. Doesn'
sound so bad, but last week Life'
picture of the week was' of a British
battleship in New York harbor for re-
pairs, and an acc6mpanying stor
telling how the President rebuked the
' New York Daily Mirror for being un-
gentlemanly in having taken anc
printed it after M. Knox had issuedra
communique three or four days prev

iously requesting that no shots of the
sort be published. Unfortunately, as
Life points out, there is a swell ques-
tion as to just whose definition of a
gentleman is to hold force. You car
expect the government to abandor
the Marquis of Queensbury rules any
day now. And as to the gentlemanli-
ness of the powers that are turning
this country into just what we ar
supposed to be fighting, talk of hon-
or from them is the most ridiculous
farce imaginable. Just remember back
to Chicago - "You hate war -
hate war - America hates war.'
There's a rather unpleasant, short
word for you, Mr. President Roose-
velt, and though I can't print it, you
can't stop me from thinking.
Only encouraging note in the mess
is the flag waving Mr. Gallup's poll
Sunday, which shows that despite all
the skillful pressure being put on the
public, the country still opposes any
expeditionary force - either army,
navy, or air force, in spite of what
Mr. Gallup thinks is an indication of
wavering on the last two - but what
the hell, since when have the people
been running this country?
Anyhow, keep your eyes on the Big
White Father, and try to divorce the
of.a ~ a " reas . P +-inte +frnm

not involve the payment of any fee A
wh atsoever. pr
Shirley W. Smith d
in
To Students Graduating at Com- r
mencement, June 21, 1941: The bur- t]
den of mailing diplomas to mem- s
bers of the graduating class who do c
not personally call for their diplomas R
has grown until in 1940 it cost the f
University over $400 to perform this lt
service. The rule has been laid down, r
as a result, that diplomas not called s
for at the Sports Building immedi- A
ately after the Commencement Ex- g
ercises or at the University Business
Office within three business days
after Commencement will be mailed h
C.O.D. The mailing cost will be ap- t
proximately 30c for the larger sized r
rolled diplomas and 45 cents for the O
book form. 0
Will each graduate, therefore, be
certain that the Diploma Clerk has
his correct mailing address to insure
delivery by mail. The U.S. Mail N
Service will, of course, return allo
diplomas which cannot be delivered. 1
Because of adverse conditions abroad,
foreign students should .leave ad- i
diesses in the United States, if pos' t
sible, to which diplomas may bea
mailed.}
It is preferred that ALL diplomas
be personally called for. t
Herbert G. Watkins, v
Assistant Secretaryf
Home Loans: The University In-c
vestment Office, 100 South Wing,h
will be glad to consult with anyoneA
considering building or buying at
home or refinancing existing mort-s
gages. The University has money toI
loan on mortgages and is eligible tot
make F.H.A loans.t
Senior and Graduate students:
Those senior and graduate students2
who have been invited to be guestst
of honor at the Eighteenth Annual
Honors Convocation of the University
of Michigan are requested to order1
caps and gowns immediately at the4
Moe Sport Shop or Van Boven Inc.
It is necessary to place these orders
at once in order that the caps and
gowns may be delivered in time for1
the Convocation, April 25.
' Ira M. Smith, Secretary 1
Committee on Honors Convocationt
Staff Positions in the Residence
Halls: Students who are interested in
applying for staff postons in the1
Men's and Women's Residence Halls
for the coming University year will
find appliation blanks available in
the office of the Director of Resi-
dence Halls, 205 South Wing. Appli-
cations will be received for Women's
Residence Halls assistantships from
graduate and professional students,
juniors and seniors. A limited um-
ber of graduate counselorships and
undergraduate staff assistantships
will probably be open for the com-
ing year. Applications will be received
for Men's Residence Halls assistant-
ships from graduate and professional
students, and from men who will be
seniors during the coming University
year.
Present Staff Assistants, Assistant
Resident Advisers, Resident Counsel-
ors, and other student members of
the Residence Halls staffs for men
and women should inform their
.House Directors or Resident Advisers
at the present time if they wish to be
reappointed to their Residence Hall
staff positions for the University
year 1941-42.
e Karl Litzenberg
e
f Candidates for the Teacher's Certi-
fleate for June 1941 are requested to
t call at the office of the School of
s Education, 1437 UES, this week (no
later than Friday) between the hours
of 1:30 and 4:30 to take the Teacher
y Oath which is a requirement for the
e certificate.
The Detroit Armenian Women's

aClub Scholarship: Young men or wo-
men undergraduates students who are
enrolled this year, who are of Armen-
isan parentage, and whose residence
- is in Detroit may apply for the schol-
n arship of $100 which the Detroit

rmenian Women's Club intends to
rovide for the year 1941-42. Candi-
ates must be recommended by the
nstitutions in which they are en-
lled. Selection, which is made by
he donors, is on the basis of high
cholastic ability in the field of con-
entration, together with character.
ecommendations must be made be-
ore May 1, 1941. Students who be-
ieve themselves qualified and seek
ecommendation by this University
hould apply to Dr. Frank E. Robbins,
ssistant to thePresident, 1021 An-
ell Hall.
Change of Address: Students who
ave moved since the beginning of
he second semester are urged to
'eport theirnew addresses to the
office of the Dean of Student at
Knce.
Office of the Dean of Students
May Festival Tickets: All unordered
May Festival tickets are now on sale
over the counter at the offices of the
University Musical Society in Burton
Memorial Tower., In due course a
limited number of standing room
tickets for individual\ concerts will
also be placed on sale.
All house managers who desire to
take advantage of the 9%2 % discount
in meats established by the Inter-
fraternity Purchasing Agency (which
is part of the Interfraternity Coun-
cil) can call 2-5551, the Fraternity
Market, for a contract by asking for
Mr. Louis Lipnik. The above men-
tioned discount will go into effect as
soon as the contract is signed and
price lists will be furnished at that
time. This trial offer will extend to
the end of this school year.
Summer Work: The following coun-
sellor positions are open, most of
them in Michigan camps. Students
wo are interested should call at the
Bureau of Appointments and Occu-
pational Information at once. Hours
9-12,2-4.
5 waterfront men, 4 waterfront
women, 1 woman Phys. Ed. major
with R.C. Water Safety Inst. and
handicraft, nature study counsellors,
4 handicraft men, riding counsellors
both men and women, camp doctors,
camp nurses, 1 sailing counsellor for
girls' camp, 1 canoeing and boating
counsellor for girls' camp, head coun-
sellor, man, for Jewish camp in New
York, Scoutmasters for provisional
troops and Unit Leaders for Girl
Scout Camps. There are also several
openings for general counsellors, and
one camp would like to have a couple,
the man to take charge of the older
boys and the woman to care for small-
er children.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received 'notice of the following
Civil Service Examinations. Last
date for filing application is noted in
each case:
UNITED STATES
Assistant Curator (Mammals), sal-
ary $3,200, May 14, 1941.
SInspector of Coal, salary $3,800,
December 31, 1941.
Social Worker, salary $2,000, May
14, 1941.
Regional Agent, Trade and Indus-
trial Education, Salary $4.600, until
further notice. -
Special Agent, Trade and Indus-
trial Education, Salary $3,800, until
further notice.
DETROIT CIVIL SERVICE
Veterinary Inspector, Salary $2,220,
April 28, 1941.
Gneral Staff Nurse (permanent)
$1,680 without maintenance, May 2,
1941; '$1,080 with maintenance, May
2, 1941.
MICHIGAN CIVIL SERVICE
Social Worker B, salary $105, April
28, 1941.
This examination is open to this
year's seniors who are 21 years of
age. Applications may be obtained
at the Bureau, 201 Mason Hall. Office
hours: 9-12 and 2-4.

Academic Notices
Professor Carver will not meet his
(Continued on Page 5)

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R ADI O SPOTLIGHT
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7:45 Orchestra Doc Sunshine Salon Orchestra - Secret Agent
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8:15 Missing Heirs Baptist Church Presents Announced
8:30 First Your Job Horace Heidt's Uncle Jim's
8:45 Nighter; News Interlude; News Treasure Chest Question Bee
9:00*We, Army Battle of Grand Central
9:15 the People Sing Song the Sexes Station
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