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January 23, 1940 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-01-23

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Weather
Continued cold and some snow
flurries today.

LL

Aar

alit;

Editorial
Father Coughlin
Takes His Stand...

w

VOL. . No 87-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JAN. 23, 1940
t

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Jury Convicts
Earl rowder
Fo Pr asspor t
Law Violations
Communist Leader Free
On Bail Pending Appeal
Of Fine, Prison Term
Party Head Enters
Race For Congress
NEW YORK, Jan. 22.-()-EarI
Russell Browder, the Kansas-born
American Communist leader, was
convicted of passport fraud in Fed-
eral Court today and sentenced to
for years in prison and fined $2,-
000.
The jury of 11 men and a young
woman deliberated only .45' minutes
on the verdict after hearing Browder
himself in a singular summation
plead for his freedom for more than
an hour. No other defense was of-
fered.
Brushing aside his attorney, George
Gordon Battle, Browder took the
floor with the statement that he
was a correspondence school lawyer.
1Kotin For Delay
The sentence was pronounced im-
mediately after the jury was polled
and a defense motion for delay was
denied. It specified that 2-year sen-
tences on each of two counts must
be served consecutively. The maxi-
mum prison sentence would have
been 10 years.
Browder, a perennial candidate for
political office, was the Communist
candidate for president in 1936 and
is now a candidate for the seat in
Congress vacated by the recent death
of Rep. Sirovich, (Dem., N.Y.).
Tonight, standing before some 20,-
000 persons in a Communist demon-
stration in Madison Square Garden,
the 48-year-old convicted party head
made it clear that this congressional
candidacy would go on, and asserted
that he considered his sentence "a
great honor."
"Today," he added, "I received in
your behalf a sentence against our
movement. At the same time, carry-
ing our appeal from the court of the
ruling class of Americahto the people
of America, the verdict is but one
movement in the drive toward war."
Case Was Defenseless
"In this court today, I was pro-
hibited from speaking except within
the limits laid down by the judge."
This apparently was in reference to
the fact that, in presenting a case
that was defenseless save for his
appeal to the jury, he was several
times admonished by the court to
discuss only the evidence.
He was accused specifically of bor-
rowing the names of three other men
and affixing them to passport visas.
This was done, his attorney ex-
plained, because as a widely known
agent of the Soviet Union Browder's
travels through Europe would be be-
set by danger if his true identity be-
came known.
Browder's convictio in Federal
Court came only several weeks after
Fritz Kuhn was found guilty in a
state court and sent to prion for
stealing funds from the German-
American Bund which he headed.
Pupils Routed .
In School Fire
Four Blazes At Ypsilanti
Laid To Arsonist

YPSILANTI, Jan. 22.-Despite the1
fact that the fire-bug who has set
their school building afire four times
since Thursday is still at large, 350
Woodruff Elementary School pupils
were to return to their classes.
The students, who range from pre-
school children ro sixth graders, were
forced to flee the building twice yes-
terday. Once, in the morning, 20
third grade pupils filed by a blazing
store-room without panic. In the
afternoon fire broke out again, andt
although firemen succeeded in con-
fining it to a single store-room, school
had to be closed.
Police said they wet e questioning at
15-year-old sixth-grader who admits
a hate for school. The youngster
will be sixteen March 31 and police
theorize he may have set fire to the
building to escape further classes. He
has not yet confessed, however, and
other suspects are also being ques-
tioned.
n, r nb . ,

Progress Of Swedes And Finns
Praised By Former Daily Editor

C. Hart Schaaf Says Soviet
Democracy Is 'Idealism'
Spent Two Years Abroad
By HOWARD A. GOLDMAN
A Michigan graduate, editorial
director of The Daily in 1933-34, re-
turned to Ann Arbor yesterday fresh
from a two-year stay in what is now
Europe's most critical war sector-
the northern Baltic area.
Spending most of his time in Stock-
holm as a University of Michigan
Horace H. Rackham pre-doctoral fel-
low in political science, C. Hart
Schaaf, '35, also visited parts of Fin-
land and Russia during his stay in.
Europe.
"These two thoughts dominate my
impressions of the area I visited," he
declared:
"1) The small and comparatively
poor countries of Sweden and Finland
have been able to make tremendous
strides in the direction of real social
justice thanks to their basic and sin-
cere adherence to the principles of
democracy; while 2) the totalitarian
government of Russia appears to have
achieved nothing of real worth in
spite of the paper idealism which the
Soviet has produced and to which
it professes to adhere."
To back up these statements,
Schaaf told of his observations in
Russia, Finland, and Sweden.
"I can honestly say that I entered
Russia, not even with merely an
open, but with a sympathetic mind,"
Schaaf related, "as was the case with
the 18 Swedish labor leaders with
whom I travelled. All of us, how-
ever, were forced very drastically to
alter our opinions by the things we
saw in the country."
The people live in a drab, shabby,
and poverty stricken way, he said,
which the guides explain is partially
the result of giving the best of every-
thing to the army, in order to build
an "invincible" machine for the pro-
tection of the Russian workers! How
invincible that machine is, Schaaf
pointed out, we have lately had occa-
sion to observe.
The Soviet building program,
harl Schenck
Will Lecture
On South Seas'

Schaaf declared, appears to be un-
sound. "The Moscow Hotel, to take
one example,' he said, "was opened
in 1939 and is the building at pres-
ent most-talked of in Moscow; it
looks on the inside like it's falling
apart."
Schaaf also told of a display of un-
usually large and lucious-looking to-
matoes at the 1939 All-Soviet agri-
cultural exhibit. These were praised
at length by the guide as products
of Soviet scientific genius. When the
guide passed ong however, Schaaf
leaned across the guard rope and
picked up what appeared to be an es-
pecially fine specimen. He found
it to be made of wax. The guide, turn-
ing around at exclamations from
Schaaf's Swedish friends, brusquely
snatched the "tomato" from him be-
fore further examination could be
made. Russian bystanders who
quickly gathered at the incident were
immediately scattered by attendants,
Schaaf pointed out.
Before he entered Russia, Schaaf
had purchased (on the Finnish side
of the border) a post-card picture of
the Russo-Finnish' border bridge at
the point. On his return a pompous
Russian customs official confiscated
the picture (on the grounds of mili-
tary strategy), disregarding the
American 's plea that such pictures
could be purchased in unlimited
(Continued on Page 2)
Pastors Hear
Yoder Discuss
Mental Halth

Seniors Pick
New Officers
Four Schools Participate
In '40 Campus Election,
To BeginAt 11 A.M.
Architects' Polling
PostponedOne Day
Seniors of the literary college, the
College of Pharmacy, the School of
Education and the School of Music
will elect class officers from 30 can-
didates today, under the supervision
of Peter Brown, '41E, Carl Wheeler,
'40E, president of the Men's Judiciary
Council, and Betty Slee. '40, presi-
dent of the Women's Judiciary Coun-
cil, announced yesterday.
The election of officers by seniors
of the College of Architecture and
Design has been postponed until to-
morrow, Wheeler said. Time, place
and candidates for this election will
be announced in The Daily tomor-
row. Petitions will be received from
prospective candidates in this college
until 5:30 p.m. today. Eligibilty cards
must accompany petitions, which
should be left at the main desk of
the Union.
The election for the literary col-
lege will be held from 2 to 5:30 p.m.
in Room 231 of Angell Hall. Don
Nixon, N. Stewart Robson and Dye
Hogan are candidates for president;
Gwendolyn Dunlop, Jane Jewitt and
Zenovia Skoratko will run for vice-
president; candidates for secretary

Speaker To Show Movie
On Tahiti After Address
Here Tomorrow Night
An Ohio State student who made
good in the South Seas will be pre-
sented here tomorrow in the Univer-
sity's Oratorical Series. He is Earl
Schenck, explorer, ethnologist and
artist, who will show his colored mo-
tion picture, "Polynesia, A Tale of
Tahiti," at 8:15 p.m. tomorrow in Hill
Auditorium.
Mr. Schenck will tell of his ad-
ventures in the South Seas before
presenting the film, which is the first
ill-color motion picture of feature
length ever made entirely in the
southern Pacific Islands. Single tick-
ets for his lecture will go on sale to-
day in the Hill Auditorium box-
office.
Mr. Schenck's career is as varied
as the islands in which he has lived.
He was formerly a Broadway actor,,
then went into the movies where he1
played opposite Norma Talmadge and
Nazimova. Attacks of "Kleig eyes"
cut short his Hollywood stay and sent
him to the South Seas.
For 14 years he has been a roving
representative of the Bishop Museum
in Honolulu, the world's leading mu-
seum of Polynesian lore.
The film opens with scenes from
Papeete, the chief port and "Paris"
of the South Seas. Included are
views of Bounty Bay,-where the cele-
brated mutiny occurred-and of na-
tive peoples and their customs. Na-
tive music recorded on the spot ac-
companies many of the scenes.
Pappas' Paintings
Shown In Exhibit
At Memorial Hall'
Outstanding among the paintings
of John Pappas being exhibited by the
Detroit Art Institute this week in
Alumni Memorial Hall is a large still
life in oil depicting a vase of calla
lilies, fox glove and jonquils.
Other features of the exhibit in-
clude both oils and water colors by
Pappas and a series of German prints.

are Herbert Lev, Howard J. Luxan,
Conference Will Continue J. Leonard Brandt, John M. Thorn-
Today With Meetings hill and Dorothy Nichols; Peter Gos-
sard, Larry Gubow, Jack M. Laro
In Rackhain Building and Margaret Alice Neafie are can-
didates for treasurer.
If man is to be a successful ex- Seniors of the School of Educa-
periment in nature he must have tion will vote from 3 to 4 p.m. in
some conception of God to cushion Room 243 of the Elementary School.
the impact of worldly problems, ac- The following are candidates: presi-
cording to Dr. O. R. Yoder, medical dent, William MacIntosh and Tom
superintendent of the Ypsilanti State McKinley; vice - president, Leona
Hospital, who gave the feature lecture Ruth Gallow. Because of a lack of
yesterday at the first Michigan an- opposition, Sally Orr and Jeanne
nual Pastors' Conference in the Rack- Judson Prentice were automatically
ham Building. (Continued on Page 2)
Speaking in the role of the psychi -________________
atrist, Dr. Yoder stressed the import-
ance of mental health to physical Sink Pre icts
well-being, and asked his audience
of 140 pastors to be sympathetic in
their dealings with the mentally sick. Crowd
The confessional of some religions, a
he asserted, is an important psycho- For Concert
logical factor in attempts to aid the
spiritual man.
Citing biblical cases, Dr. Yoder Exams or no exams, Hill Auidtor-
analyzed the psychiatric aspccts of un will be jammed Thursda night
religious movements which sprang vhen Robert Virovai, 18-year-old
from the desire of men to project lungarian violinist, stops in Ann
their personalities on others. Father u'bor on his first transcontinental
Divine is a modern example of the our to give the eighth Choral Union
old technique, he believes. recital, Dr. Charles A. Sink, presi-
The Conference, which continues ,dent of the University Musical Soci-
until tomorrow, will present today the 3ty, predicted yesterday.
discussion of several problems of Tickets for the concert may still
modern religion. Groups meeting at be obtained at thecSchool of Music
9 a.m. will discuss "The Church and office or at Hill Auditorium box
Our Town," "Delinquency Preven- office, he added,
tion" and "The Pastor as Counselor"' Virovai made his American debut
in the Rackham Building, exactly one year ago, but he has al-
Sready been acclaimed as "a born
fiddler, a young man of the most
Students Fi d genuine talent and sensibility." Even
the late Lawrence Gilman, former
Silver Dollars music critic of the New York Herald
S lvrsTribune, lost his critical calm at
Virovai's debut with the New York
Seven Are SuCcessfUi Philharmonic, and went so far as to
say: "Virovai is entitled to that sweet
In Following Clues word 'genius'."
Following his debut the young
The generosity of the "Silver King," violinist was engaged as soloist with
fictitious and now "almost legendary" vhoiag ed ymphonyiand with
financial "angel" of the forthcoming the Chicago Symphony and with the
UMontreal and Dallas Orchestra.

Blaze At Sea
Sinks Italian
luxury Liner
Governments Make Study
Of Strange Explosion;
Nazis Charge Sabotage
French Diplomats
Deny Accusations
MARSEILLES, France, Jan. 22.-
(IP)-Survivors of the burning Italian
liner Orazio told tales of escape in
borrowed lifeboats on a stormy sea
when 48 were landed here today.
The ship was a gigantic torch on
the Mediterranean 38 miles off here
yesterday morning after a myster-
ious pre-dawn explosion. The fire
burned all but two of the vessel's life-
boats.
But rescue vessels which speedily
answered distress calls sent over their
own lifeboats and Italian officals said
all 412 passengers were believed saved
and most of the crew of 231.
The Orazio, it was disclosed, was
shaken by an explosion in the en-
gine room at 5 a.m., and then almost
instantly was in flames from bow to
stern.
Enginemen Dead
Enginemen who best might have
helped explain whether the explosion
was due to engine trouble or possibly
to sabotage were reported dead-
killed instantly by the initial blast.
"I think about four or five were
trapped in the engine room," said
Second Officer Giorello.
In Paris, an official statement in-
dignantly denied what was termed a
German insinuation that a French
contraband control party which
boarded the Orazio before the fire,
was responsible for sabotage. The
stAement was issued in response to
a dispatch by DNB, official German
news agency.
Eight rescue ships had worked in
seas whipped by a gale and lighted
by the burning ship and searchlights
of the rescuers.
Most of the survivors were being
taken to Italian pUrts.
Reason Unknown
"We still don't know the reason
for the explosion," said Second Of-
ficer Giorello, , whose left eye was
badly burned and whose uniform was
tattered and blackened by smoke.
The 48 survivors reaching Mar-
seille, including 25 women and three
children, were rescued by a French
warship. They suffered from burns
and exposure from their all-day fight
to escape the burning sea trap, and
were hurried to two hotels which
were converted into emergency hos-
pitals.
Although Italian Line officials said
they believed all passengers had been
saved, Giorello said he was not cer-
tain concerning the fate of a life-
boat which the French warship was
unable to save and which was re-
ported to have carried the Italian
minister to Panama, Renato Firenze.
Ohio State Schedules
Purdue For Football
COLUMBUS, Jan. 22.-(AP)-Ohio
State University completed its 1940
football schedule tonight, announcing
a game with Purdue here Oct. 5.
The contest was arranged follow-
ing rejection by the Texas A. and M.
board of athletics on an invitation to
play the Buckeyes in Columbus on
that date.
Ohio State and Purdue had open
dates on their schedules as a result
of the University of Chicago's with-

drawal from Western Conference
football competition.

Film Of Arctic
Will Be Shown
By Bob Bartlett
Capt. Robert A. "Bob" Bartlett, the
Arctic's first citizen, will show "The
Arctic In Color," a motion picture
taken on his most recent Northern
expedition, at 8 p.m. today in Rack-
ham Auditorium.
Captain Bartlett's visit here is an
illustrated University Lecture spon-
sored by the geology department. It
is part of a lecture tour being made
between his annual trips to the Far
North in his schooner, "Effie M. Mor-
rissey." Admission will be free.
Captain Bartlett is said to have
shot more than 150,000 feet of film,
only to choose the best scenes later
for "The Arctic In Color." The pic-
ture has been described by an offi-
cial of the American Museum of
Natural History as "a superb revela-
tion of a vivid and beautiful north-
land, rich in human interest."
Captain Bartlett, as commander of
the ship "Roosevelt" took an active
part in Peary's 1905 expedition to
the North Pole. Previously, he had
been shipwrecked a dozen times and
had led numerous hunting trips to
Hudson's Bay.
He was the captain of the Canad-
ian ship "Karluk" which was crushed
by ice in Jan. 1914. Stranded, he and
17 other persons reached Wrangel
Island. He left 15 persons there and
with an Eskimo crossed to Siberia,
returning with a rescue party in Sept.
1914.
He is the winner of 13 medals for
his explorations and belongs to as
many geographical and travel soci-
eties.
BoraliFuneral
Brings Tears
To any Eyes
National Leaders Mourn
Passing Of Statesman
At Services In Senate
WASHINGTON, Jan. 22. -(RP)-
President Roosevelt and other na-
tionalleaders bowed in grief today
at a state funeral for the revered
elder statesman, Senator William E.
Borah of Idaho.
Senator Glass (Dem.-Va.) and
many others brushed tears from their
eyes in the hushed half-gloom of
the Senate chamber as congressional
chaplains prayed over the slate gray,
steel casket containing the remains
of the man who came out of the West
33 years ago to win fame in some of
history's most momentous debates.
After the ceremony the doors were
locked, and the body lay in solitude,
except for an honor guard of police-
men, until the time came to start the
long journey back to Idaho, where
burial will take place Thursday in
Boise.
Aside from the solemn grandeur
of the scene-floor and galleries
packed with black-clad diplomats,
legislators, judges a n d Bor-ah's
friends from private life-the cere-
mony itself was simple.
Throughout the ceremony, Senator
Borah's desk, near the rear of the
chamber, stood empty, with a spray
of brilliant red roses cascading over
its top.
ies' Methods
Are Approved

House Committee Places
New Bill On Calendar
WASHINGTON, Jan. 22. -(IP)-
A resolution to reestablish the House
Committee on Unamerican Activities
cleared its first' legislative hurdle to-
day despite fresh criticism of the
Committee's methods and a charge
that its chairman, Representative
Dies (Dem.-Tex.) had "actively asso-
ciated" with a "fellow traveler" of
the Christian Front.
The House Rules Committee unani-
mously approved the resolution and
put it on the calendar for House con-
sideration tomorrow. Leaders said
its approval by the House was virtu-
ally certain. The Dies Committee's
authority expired Jan. 3.
Representative Hook (Dem.-Mich.)
linked Dies' name with the Christian
Front, 17 of whose members have
been arrested in New York and
charged with plotting to overthrow
the government.
Hook appeared before the Rules

German Army
Sent To Russia
To Safeguard
Railway Line
Meanwhile U.S. Protests
To Britain Over Method
Used To Detain Steamers
Moscow Approves
New Nazi Measure
(By The Associated Press)
Germany scored an important
point on the economic front yester-
day with the aid of her pact partner,
Soviet Russia, while official indigna-
tion at British acts on the high seas
was expressed in Washington and
Tokyo.
Determined to weld tighter her
railway link with Rumania's oil and
wheat fields, the Reich sent armed
forces into Russia's part of conquered
Poland to police more than 200 miles
of railway from Cernauti, Rumania
frontier point, to German Silesia.
Moscow was reported to have
granted permission for the. police
force, to be augmented by technical
experts, after Germany complained
that the flow of wheat and oil was
impeded and shipments were delayed
or lost. Germany especially needs
oil, for her mechanized army.
'Serious Concern'
The "serious concern" of the Unit-
ed States over treatment British au-
thorities are giving American ship-
ping in the Mediterranean area was
expressed in an aide memorie made
public in Washington by the State
Department.
The United States recently protest-
ed British search of mail destined
for Germany as well as neutral coun-
tries. Britain has rejected that pro-
test.
The latest protest from the United
States cited nine American ships de-
tained at Gibraltar between Nov. 15
and Dec. 15 and asserted American
ships were being kept'three times as
long as Italian vessels.
Japan vigorously accused Britain
of "a serious unfriendly act" in seiz-
ing 21 German seamen from the Jap-
anese liner Asama Maru Saturday
and demanded a "full, valid explana-
tion."
Japan also reserved the right to
demand delivery of the detained Ger-
mans, who face internment in the
British crown colony at Hongkong.
The economic maneuvers, notes
and protests overshadowed military
activity in Europe's wars but Finland
reported fresh victories over the Rus-
sian invaders.
900 Are Lost
Finnish dispatches said Russia lost
900 troopers in a vain attempt to
pierce the Mannerheim Line on the
Karelian Isthmus and heavy fight-
ing north of Lake Ladoga.
The Russians resorted to loud
speakers to attack the morale of Fin-
nish defenders on the Karelian front,
the Finnish communique said. Rus-
sians exhorted the Finns to surrender
and threatened that the Germans
were coming to help them and "would
kill all Finns."
Promptly from Berlin came a dec-
laration that Germany remained
"friendly" to the Russian cause but
was strictly an observer.
Extreme cold held activities on the
Western Front almost to a standstill
but there was no let-up on the seas
after one of shipping's most disas-
trous weekends.
The British Admiralty reported the
loss of the trawler Valdora, 250 tons,
and her nine men on naval duty.

Lloyd's reported in London, that
the world's shipping losses since the
start of the war were pushed over
the million-ton mark to a total of
1,003,651 tons by the heavy weekend
toll.
The rescue of 412 passengers and
most of the crew of 231 on the Italian
liner Orazio, which burned in the
Mediterranean, vas 'followed by fn
indignant French denial of what
Paris said was a German implication
that French sabotage had started the
fire.
Visiting Air Sha
Will Demonstrate
A ir flinwrinciples
Fundamentals of aerodynamics will
be dramatized by means of a large
model wind tunnel in the travelling
air show which .opens here at 8 p.m.
Friday in the Rackham Lecture Hall.
Under the snnnnrshin nf Riuma

universay o mcnigan ace arinvai,
has already been proved to seven stu-
dents who were successful in follow-
ing the clues listed on posters ap-
pearing about the campus during the
past days, Charles Heinen, 41E, pub-
licity chairman of the Carnival, said
yesterday.
Gail Smith, Grad., found one of the;
hidden silver dollars, and Harper
Hull, '42E, found two of them, he
added. F. A. Wainer, '41; George
Johnson, '41E; William Glasgow,
'42E; Elton Garner, '42E, and Albert
Ludy, '42, have followed the trails
successfully to win minor prizes,
Heinen said.
Jacksov Fire Calls
Out All Equipment
JACKSO, Jan. 22--(1P)-Loss of
$30,000 was estimated in a business
hbnlk fire which nnight callerd nut

Campus Will Aid National Drive
Against Paralysis With Tag Sale
Launching the Washtenaw County National Foundation for Infantile
campaign for the national fight Paralysis, Inc., and the county.
against infantile paralysis, the Coun- The funds going to the national
ty Committee for the Celebration of treasury are to be used for further re-
the President's Birthday announced search in -the causes, diagnosis and
a $2,000 goal for the six-day drive, cure of the disease. The county treas-
beginning yesterday. ury will use its share to help pay
Campus participation in the cam- for transporting afflicted children to
paign will be a tag day Saturday and hospitals and schools, to pay for the
the filling of 1,000 dime cards dis- treatment of afflicted children whose
tributed by Tom Adams, '40, presi- parents are unable to afford it and
dent of the Interfraternity Council to permit some research in the dis-
and the only student member on the ease itself.
committee, to fraternities, sororities< Students missed by the tag day can-
and dormitories. vassers and dime cards may contri-
The dime-card campaign will sub- bute any amount they wish through
stitute for the President's Birthday collection boxes in all public build-.
Ball which has been held here in for- ings, banks and stores. Lapel pins

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