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January 10, 1940 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-01-10

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Finals And
Bluebook Systems

Id Rather

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student' Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Asociated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the -Post -Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4.00; by mail, $4.50.
Naonal Advertising Servige, Inc.
College Publihe's' R prentative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 4939-40

Editorial Sta


Carl Petersen
Elliott -Maraniss
Stan M. Swinton.
Morton L. Linder
Norman A. Schorr'
Dennis Flanagan
John N. Canavan
Ann Vicary
Mel Fineberg

a g

Managing Editor
Editorial >Director
. . City Editor
. Associate Editor
. Associate, Editor
. Associate Editor
. Associate Editor
Women's Editor
Sports Editor

Business Stafff

Business Manager .
Asst. Business Mgr., Credit Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
Publications Manager


Paul R. Park
Ganson P. Taggart
Zenovia Skoratko
. Jane Mowers
. Harriet S. Levy

The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
taff and represent the views of the writers
In Defense
once again, the NLRB for four
weeks has been squirming under a sophisticated
inquisition at the hands of the Smith Committee.
The squirmings to date have brought forth an
interesting inside story of the struggles among
the -overly-conscientious members of the Board,
in addition to sound refutations of some of the
major charges against Board administration.
One of the most persistent of numerous
charges flung at the NLRB has been the AFL's
claim that the Board has consistently favored
the CIO. This contention suffered a sound
drubbing last week when Charles Fahy, gen-
eral counsel for the NLRB, pitted statistics
against Labor Leader -Green's vague allusions
to "services Board members have rendered to
the CI."
G THE 1938 statistics presented by
,CounselFahy was the item that the Federa-
tion was awarded 374 collective bargaining con-
tracts by the Board to the CPO's 347. The AFL
was victor in 51 representation cases compared
to 44 decisions for the CIO; and in 13 cases equal
judgment was given. In cases where there was
direct conflict, the Federation received 16 de-
cisions and the CIO 19.
Through Board action 434 AFL unions with
62,000 workers obtained employer recognition,
while 436 CIO unions totalling 55,000 workers
were recognized. The Board reinstated 3,305
AFL members, awarding $225,000 in back pay
to 1,370; and gave $365,000 in back pay to 1,512
of 4,019 CIO members that were reinstated.
!QDATE the most incriminating evidence
against the Board has been given by indi-
viduals with working experience on the project.
Typical of this testimony was the declaration
of a former G-man that while he worked with
the Board, "The AFL was usually referred to
as the 'damned AFL."' And in explanation of
her charge that the Board proceded like the
OGPU, Mrs. Herrick, board regional director of
New York, complained that board examiners
had talked privately to members of her staff,
giving them instructions of which she knew
nothing. Against this type of condemnation
Mr. Fahy's statistics stand the obvious victor.
As yet the employer's complaints against the
Board have not been formally aired before the
investigation committee. Until anti-employer
charges have been submitted and investigated
there is a tendency for observers to judge the
Board solely by the character of its final orders
in labor questions. These orders have displayed
what seems an apparent bias against the em-
ployer; but the aspect is somewhat changed
when critics realize that less than ten per cent
of the charges against employers reach a hearing
(the rest being settled outside) and that the
Board hears only cases in which its representa-
tives are convinced that a violation of the Wag-
ner Act has occurred. No doubt the Smith Com-
mittee will uncover minor instances of partiality
against employers on the part of some over-
zealous administrator; but the blanket bias
charge against the Board has little substantia-
In refutation of the frequent accusation that
NLRB orders are extremely poor law are the re-
vealing figures on Supreme Court decisions, Of
22 casesbrought before the Supreme Court the
Board has won 18, lost 2 and received partial

HE -APPROACH of-final examina-
tions invariably makes students
wonder how they will ever be able to learn the
entire subject matters of various courses in two
or three weeks, and also to speculate on good
methods of learning necessary information dur-
ing the earlier parts of the semester.
It is generally accepted that the "do your
work thoroughly from day to day" method is
the best way to learn the subject matter of a
course. Nearly everyone will agree to this-re-
serving, of course, the right to a bit of last-
minute cramming, regardless of the efficacy of
the "day to day" study habits. Yet it is not easy
for most students actually to do all their as-
signments as they receive them-a movie or a
date or a basketball game may be inviting, and
it is always easy to "do it tomorrow night-he
won't call on me-besides, the blue book isn't
till next week." When "next week" arrives it is
often found that some utteily unreasonable
professor expects a term paper to be turned in on
time, even if it means foregoing the cramming
for that bluebook-and the poor student was
counting on every available moment to study
for it.
SOME PROFESSORS attempt to obviate this
difficulty by giving regular, 'weekly 'quizzes.
One economics instructor holds one every Pri-
day. Result: his students--or most of them,
at any rate-study Thursday nights and thus
keep from being more than one week behind
the study schedule at any time. Yet it is al-
ways easy to "cut just one quiz."
The best solution to the problem of keeping
up to schedule in academic work and obviating
the necessity for "cramming," it seems, lies in a
system of completely unannounced bluebooks, to
be given at any meeting of a course. It would
be necessary, of course, for all instructors to
announce that they wold follow this policy at
the first meetings of their classes.
THE THOUGHT of having a bluebook at any
time in a course should certainly be incen-
tive to regular study for any student. It would
force him to do the required-and optional-
work in minor "doses" as he received his assign-
ments ,and it would force him to have a com-
prehensive, general understanding of all sub-
ject matter at all times. Such a system would
take care of the weakness of the plan of weekly
bluebooks: no one would dare lag a week be-
hind the regular assignments. Class-cutting
would also be placed entirely at the student's
own risk, and instructors would be relieved of
the duty of taking roll.
THE BEST EFFECT, however, of this system
seems to lie in the psychological action it
would take on the student. If he did his work
as it was assigned, he would always have a
fairly complete understanding of it. He would
know from the grades he received on bluebooks
just how well or how poorly he was doing, and
he would be in a position to approach the final
examination schedule with the knowledge either
that he needed only a limited review or that he
needed a more intensive period of study on spe-
cific points. This would naturally lead to a
more confident attitude and an absence of the
nervous strain of worrying, which is itself one
of the worst features of the present academic
system of the University.
--William Newton.
The Wrong Move . . .
The fact that he is criticized not only by the
Liberal and Labor press but also by such Con-
servative organs as the London Times and the
Cardiff Western Mail leaves little room for doubt
that Prime Minister Chamberlain has made a
grave error in his shakeup of the British cabinet.
If there was reason to dismiss the highly
popular Leslie Hore-Belisha from the vital post
of War Minister-a thing which seems highly
doubtful-Mr. Chamberlain still should have
recognized the necessity for giving an adequate
public explanation. As it is, a blow has been
struck at British unity.
In ousting Hore-Belisha, Mr. Chamberlain
was yielding in part to officers who resented
the fact that the War Minister had singled out
younger and abler men for advancement on a
promotion list in which seniority had previously
been all-important.
Hore-Belisha had apparently incurred the

displeasure also of Viscount -Gort, Commander-
in-Chief of the British Forces in France, who,
ironically, had been a beneficiary of the War
Minister's favor. Gort disapproved of Hore-
Belisha's plan for a unified British and French
command under Gen. Gamelin, the first soldier
of France. If Gort's view on this point ultimate-
ly triumphs over that of Hore-Belisha, gratifi-
cation will nowhere be greater than in Berlin.
-St. Louis Post-Dispatch.

Dies should not be given any more money.
This is an election year. Mr. Dies behaves badly
in election years.
Let us not forget 1938. In 1938, just before
election day, Mr. Dies called a Mr. Harper
Knowles of California to the stand. Mr. Knowles
gave it as his considered opinion that Mr. Cul-
bert Olson, New Deal candidate for governor,
was a communist. He added, for good measure,
that he believed Ellis Patterson, New Deal can-
didate for lieutenant governor, was also a com-
munist. This "information" made the largest
headlines California had seen in years.
* * * *
It turned out that Mr. Harper Knowles was
in the employ of an ex-Republican political
boss, currently the head of the Associated Farm-
ers . However, it proved to be clumsy and awk-
ward to get that bit of information into head-
lines. "Republican Says Democrats Are Reds"
does not dress up a paper . It was much easier
to make it: "Olson-a Red, Dies Witness Says."
This. didn't hurt Olson much, as it happened.
He got himself elected handsomely. But Mr.
Dies pulled a somewhat similar boyish prank
in Michigan, where he had a parade of wit-
nesses testify that Mr. Frank Murphy, running
for governor, was a subversive. Mr. Murphy
was defeated.

* * * *
Mr. Dies' curious gift for discovering just be
fore election day, that liberal candidates ae
communists rules him out as a prober during
this most important election year, 1940. To
have him roving the nation with a portable wit-
ness stand, conducting his day-and night smear
service ("Characters Assassinated While You
Wait-We Never Sleep") will be no help to the
sober democratic process of picking the best
man on the merits.
When you squeeze the new Dies report gently,
honey drops from it. It is an incredibly sweet
document. After shouting loud for a year, Mr.
Dies has gone into sugary tremloo in his state-
ment to Congress. He hardly attacks anybody.
He finds that the American government is not
un-American. He also discloses that the Ameri-
can people are not un-American. He must
want that money very badly.
Forhe has changed his tune abruptly. Early
in January, 1939, he declared: "Communism has
penetrated the government itself, with the re-
sult that some communists hold key positions
in Federal agencies and projects." Where are
they? They are not in the Dies report. They
disappear between elections, to materialize just
before the first Tuesday after the first Monday
in November.
An investigation develops enormous power for
harm during ar election. The art of using a
probe committee for political purposes has been
developed to a high degree in the last two or
three years. Committee counsel has been known
to save "juicy" items for the best moments to
catch the big editions, and to space them out so
as to keep the reporters interested. Somewhere
in the process Truth, herhair tangled and her
flowers wilted, winds up in the committee room
wastebasket with a run in her stocking.
To the Editor:
The editorial on free speech which you re-
printed today from the University Daily Kansan,
has a local application which may have escaped
your notice.
During the Sunday tirade of Gerald Smith,
over Station WJR, he poured out his fascist
invective against a University of Michigan pro-
fessor, who along with Max Lerner, Bishop
Francis McConnell and others, recently spoke
at an Institute on Civil Rights in Detroit. Ex-
Silver Shirt Smith objected to the professor rais-
ing the question as to the wisdom of the Detroit
School Board in refusing the use of public
schools by communists for their public meetings.
Certain Ann Arbor groups have been angling
to catch a University professor in red waters for
a long time, but it is up to someone like this
Protestant Coughlin to think he has hooked
As the student at the University of Kansas
says, a defender of the right of a communist
to speak, does not mean that the defender is a
communist. Also, this student is correct in
seeing a parallel between the popular attack
upon evolution of yesterday, and the present
campaign against free speech.
I believe the professor who has thus been
singled out by the man-of-all-men who should be
Ienied free speech (were this ever defensible)
should be upheld. Those of his colleagues and
those students who are discerning enough to
know that the ill-wind of some of our radio
blow-hards can wreck the patiently wrought
confidence of the years, might indicate to the
radio station their feelings. This same station
broadcasts the University programs, and this
professor should be given the opportunity to
reply to this attack.
-H. P. Marley, Unitarian Church.

Drew Pearson
Robert S-Allen
THE PRESIDENT is quietly out to
houseclean the National Labor
Relations Board in order to save it
from an irate congressional shellack-


He believes that if he replaces
Chairman J. Warren Madden and
Commissioner Edwin S. Smith with
less controversial figures, congres-
sional hostility will be assuaged and
the clamor for ievision of the law
itself will be stemmed. Roosevelt is
dead set against any tampering with
the law.
Replacing Madden presents no dif-
ficulties, since his term expires this
August. An able lawyer, he will be
given a judicial post, in fact was one
of three possibilities considered for
the judgeship on the Third Circuit
Court of Appeals in Philadelphia va-
cated by new Solicitor General Fran-
3es Biddle. Most likely appointment
for Madden is a vacant seat on the
federal bench in the District of Co-
Smith, however, is a problem. His
term doesn't expire until next year
and he is a determined fighter. Un-
less he can be persuaded to quit vol-
untarily, there is no way to remove
him except by preferring charges
against him. Roosevelt has no inten-
tion of doing this because, despite
criticism, he rates Smith highly.
He concedes, however, that Smith
has become an NLRB storm center
and that in the interest of preserving
the law it would be best if he stepped
out. The question is whether he can
be persuaded.
THE PRESIDENT loves a joke, and,
he had one with Rep. Joe Martin,
able little Republican floor leader,
just before delivering his message to
Martin was a member of the re-
ception committee that received
Roosevelt in the Speaker's lobby, just
off the House. As they shook hands,
Roosevelt whispered in Martin's ear:
"Tell your boys they had better be
on their guard, Joe. I've got a couple
of traps for them."
"Thanks for the tip, Mr. President,"
chuckled Martin. "It's nice to be
warned in advance. I only wish your
legislative leaders were as generous."
GOP chiefs on Capitol Hill aren't
advertising it yet, but they think
they've found the answer to the par-
ty's No. 1 campaign problem-a safe
farm plank.
Four separate groups have been
racking their brains over this conun-
drum for months. The solution which
the leaders think is the real McCoy is
the work of one of these groups-the
committee of 46 farm-district Con-
gressmen appointed by Republican
'Floor Leader Joe Martin.
Except in a few Midwestern cen-
ters where it held public hearings the
committee has attracted little atten-
tion. But it has been active in sound-
ing out agricultural sentiment. Fur-
thermore, its members are practical
politicians and some of them, such
as Chairman Cliff Hope of Kansas,
are among the most astute strategists
in Congress.
Principal stumbling block of the
GOP in the past has been how to
blast the AAA, without arousing the
farmer's fear that the Republicans
will scuttle AAA benefit payments.
But here is the Hope committee's sec-
ret formula for performing this trick:
Under the present AAA system
growers get benefit checks on two
counts: (1) for reducing acreage,
(2) for planting a soil-conserving
crop. Taking advantage of the av-
erage farmer's antipathy to letting
land lie idle, the Hope committee
proposes that the GOP platform ad-
vocate less acreage reduction and
more payments for soil conservation.
In other words, the Republicans
would promise the farmer the same
amount of money from the govern-
ment that he gets now, but it would
be for "soil conserving" and not crop
Again, shrewdly playing on popu-
lar sentiment, the Hope committee
would link this shift with national
defense on the argument that with
Europe destroying itself, the agricul-
tural resources of the United States
must be built up to meet any con-

ANOTHER recommendation of the
Hope committee is that the Re-
publican National Committee get a
farm publicity expert and put him to
work at once.
In its travels about the farm belt,
the Hope committee was impressed
by the publicity breaks the AAA is
constantly getting. With the Demo-
crats in power, this was not unnatur-
al, since the party in office always
has the publicity advantage. But
from the cordial reception the Repub-
licans received, the committee is
convinced that the GOP can make
plenty of publicity hay if it will go
after it.
Note-Hope showed his political


Speech Concentrates, Majors and
Minors: Please call at the Speech De-
partment Office, 3211 Angell Hall,
this week for an appointment with
the concentration adviser.
Junior Aeronautical Eingeering
Students who plan to specialize in
aircraft engine design should leave
their names in the Department Of-
fice by today. This information is
important in connection with an op-
portunity for outside work during the
coming summer.
German Departmental Library. All
books due by January 12.
Robert Owen -Cooperative House,
922 South State Street, is accepting
applications until today. Applica-
tions may be obtained at the Dean
of Students Office or at the house.
and must be returned to the house.
For further information call 7211.
Football Ticket Resale money
may be called for in the Union
5 p.m. through Friday.
Students interested in forming
hobby groups should put a slip con-
taining name, phone number, and
hobby, in the Hobby Box in the
Union Lobby.
Academic Notices
Mathematics 36, Section 2 nT-.
gineering- will meet today at 8
English 32, Section 2 (Rowe). The
paper announced for today will not
be due until Friday.
Exhibits of the University's Arch-
eological Research in the Philippines,
Great Lakes Region, Ceramic Types
of the Eastern United States and of
Ceramic Technology and Ethnobo-
tany are being shown in the Mezza-
nine floor Exhibit rooms of the
Rackham Building. Also exhibited
are antiquities from the University
excavations at Seleucia-on-Tigris and
from Karanis. Open daily from 2:30
to 5:30 and from 7:30 to 9:30, ex-
cept Sunday.
An Exhibit of paintings in oil and
water color by John Pappas of De-
troit, Greek-American painter, and a
collection of German prints from the
Detroit Institute of Arts, are being
shown in Alumni Memorial Hall from
January 9 to 23, 2 to 5 p.m., including
Sundays. The exhibit is sponsored
by the Ann Arbor Art Association.
University Lecture: Mr. W. H. Au-
den, English poet, will lecture on "A
Sense of One's Age" under the aus-
pices of the Department of English at
4:15 p.m. on Friday, Jan. 12, in the
Rackham Lecture Hall. The public
is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Dr. Oliver
Kamm, Scientific Director of the
Research Laboratory of Parke, Davis
& Company in Detroit, will lecture
on "Vitamin K" under the auspices
of the College of Pharmacy at 4:15

(Continued from Page 2)
this work, still it will be cheerfully
assumed where desired.
8. The University has no ar-
rangements with any insurance or-
ganization except the Teachers In-
surance and Annuity Association of
America and contributions will not
be made by the University nor can
premium payments be deducted ex-,
cept in the case of annuity or insur-
ance policies of this association.
9. The general administration of
the annuity and insurance business
has been placed in the hands of Sec-
retary of the University by the Re-
Please communicate with the un-
dersigned if you have not complied
with the specific requirements as
stated in (3) above.
Herbert G. Watkins, Ass't Secy.
Applications in Support of Re-
search Projects: To give the Research
Committees and the Executive Board
adequate time for study of all pro-
posals, it is requestedthat faculty
members having projects needing sup-
port during 1940-1941 file their pro-
posals in the Office of the Graduate,
School by Jan. 12, 1940. Later re-
quests will, of course, be considered
toward the close of the second sem-
ester. Those wishing to renew pre-
vious requests whether now receiv-
ing support or not should so indicate.
Application forms will be mailed or
can be obtained at Secretary's Office,
Room 1508 Rackham Building. Tele-
phone 331.:
C. S. Yoakum.{
Candidates fr the Teacher's Cer-
tificate, June 1940: Before making
elections for the second semester, each
candidate should check the require-
ments in the major and minor teach-
ing fields, as outlined in the School
of Education announcement, page 28
and following.;

lectures and play may be-procured at
the door at the time of the letAe.
Today's Events
Algebra Seminar will meet to-
day at 4 p.m. in 3201 A.H. Dr.
Nesbitt will speak on "Ideals in Al-
Seminar in Physical Chemstry
will meet in Room 122 Chemistry
Building at 4:15 p.m. today. Dr. R.
H. Gillette will speak on "Spectra of
Diatomic Molecules Especially of Ni-
tric Oxide."
Psychology Journal Club meeting
for today has been postponed.
Alpha Kappa Delta meeting at 7:30
tonight at the home of Professor
Robert C. Angell, 1007 Berkshire Rd.
Program: Discussion of the National
Sociology Conference and the Alpha
Kappa Delta Convention, which met
in Philadelphia during the vacation
A.S.M.E. and S.A.E. will hold a
joint meeting in the Amphitheatre of
the Rackham Building this eveninig at
7:30. Dr. J. J. Bloomfield, Chief of
the Industrial Health Division of the
U.S. Public Health Service, will speak
on "Engineering Aspects of Occupa-
tional Diseases." All engineers ae
Graduate Education Club will meet
today at 4:00Lp.m. in the Gradu-
ate Education Library, Elementat'y
School. Professor H. H. Bartlett,
Chairman of the Department of Bo-
tany, will speak on "Side Lights oh
Human Heredity." Refreshments.
A.I.Ch.E. Members: The Ensian
picture will be taken at Spedding
Studio at 7:00 tonight. Followingthe
picture, a meeting will be held in
East Engineering. Mr. Pothoff, of
White Star Refinery will speak on
the Houdry catalytic cracking pro-
Phi Sigma Winter Initiation to-
night at 8 in Rackham Assembly
Room. Speaker: 'Dr. Max M. "Pet,
University Hospital. Also Biennial
Convention report.
University Girls' Glee Club: Regu-
alr rehearsal tonight at 7:15 in the
Game Room of the League.
La Sociedad Hispanica is present-
ing a Spanish lecture today at 4:15
p.m., in Room 231, Angell Hall. Prof.
J. N. Lincoln will talke about famnois
Spanish paintings. All ticket holders
are invited and additional tickets
may be obtained from the officers
of the Society or in Room 302, R&a.
Senior Ball Committee meeting to-
night at 7:30 in Room 304, Michigan
International Center: The Music
Hour tonight at 7:30 will be devoted
to Beethoven's Fifth Symphony.
The American-Student Union will
hold a post-convention membership
meeting today, at 8:00 p.m., in the
Michigan Union. Delegates will report
on the convention, and plans for the
future will be discussed.
Stalker Hall: Student Tea and
Open House today at Stalker Hal
from 4 to 5:30 p.m.
Drama Club meeting tonight at
Stalker Hall at 8 o'clock.
Coming Events
Political Science Round Table will
meet Thursday, Jan. 11, at 7:30 pim.
in the East Conference Room of the
Rackham Building. Subject: "Th
Monroe Doctrine Reconsidered."
Aeronautical Engineering Students:
All men Who fied ppiatios fSi

employment with the Lockheed Ak-
craft Corporation are to meet at 7:a
p.m., Thursday, January 11, in Room
1042 East Engineering Building. At
this time intelligence and tempera-
ment tests will be given. Each man
should bring a red, as well as a blaek
The Mc.Math-Hulbert motion pic-
tures of the moon, a total solar
eclipse, and solar prominence phe-
nomena, will be shown in the Natural
Science Auditorium at 4:15 p.m. Jan.
11. This showing is primarily for
those electing courses in astronomy,
though others will be welcome to the
capacity of the auditorium.
Theatre Arts Committee mass meet-
ing at 5 p.m. Thursday, in the League.
A skit and a ballet dance from this
week's production, "Dick Whitting-
ton and His Cat" wTill be p'resented.
Attendance is compulsory for all
members of the committee.
Phi Sigma Lecture Series on
Thursday, Jan. 11, at 8:00 p.i, in
the Rackham Amphitheatre. Speake:
Professor N.R.F. Maier on "Psychol-
ogy's Unfinished Business."
Hillel Luncheon: Dr. Abram Sach-
S.r Noatina ri , tr o te ima

- di




Reports that Congressional leaders have agreed
to place the Ramspeck bill for extension of the
merit system in the Federal civil service high on
the calendar of the present session of Congress
constitute good news, indeed.
It is true that this measure would blanket
into the classified service many thousands of
politically appointed employes, with the re-
quirement of only a qualifying examination. But
this is the only way it has been found impossible
to make civil service extensions, and to restaff
agencies now which have been functioning for
several years would make tremendous confusion.,
Some of the agencies which the Ramspeck
bill would authorize President Roosevelt to trans-
fer to civil service status are the HOLC, FA,
RFC, TVA, and several branches of the Depart-
ment of Agriculture operating on emergency

that so many positions should be at the disposal
of political spoilsmen.
No one recognizes this better than Govern-
ment emploves themselves. The Federal Em-

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