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January 04, 1940 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1940-01-04

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Toward The Forties: Americans
Still Stand For Peace, Democracy

'3y Young 9uili'ver


National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representatwe
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939.40

Editorial Staff
Carl Petersen ..
Elliott Maraniss .
Morton L. Linder .
Norman A. Schorr .
John &N.F Cnavan
Ann Vicary . .
M!el Fineberg . . .
Business Staff
Business Manager . . . .
Asst. Business Mgr., Credit Manager
Women's Business Manager .
Women's Advertising Manager }

Managing Editor
Editoria Director
. Associate Editor
. Associate Editor
. Women's Editor
...Sports Editor
. Paul R. Park
Ganson P. Taggart
Zenovia Skoratko
J.Hane Mowers

The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
£taff and represent the views of the writers
Death Of
A Newspaperman
HEYWOOD BROUN wrote two de-
cades ago: "Nothing in the world
dies quite as completely as an actor and the
Igreater' the actor the more terrifying becomes
the sudden transition from radiance to dark-
ness. One day he is there with all his moods and
complexities and curious glints of this and that,
and the next day there is nothing left but a
fe wgsan cstme; ehap aolume of
emoirs and acrabok of clippings in which1
we learn that the dead player was 'majestic in
presence,' that he had 'a great voice which
boomed like a bell,' that he was 'regal, subtle,
pathetic,' and that 'everyone who was ever as-
sociated with him loved and respected him."'
And now Heywood Broun is dead. For a mom-
ent the "sudden transition from radiance to
darkness" is appalling. Certainly the thought
of Broun with his facile wit, his strong convic-
tions, his abounding sympathy for the "down
and under," being gone is one which hurts. :But
Broun was no actor; he leaves behind him, far
more than "a few wigs and costumes" and a
scrapbook of clippings. He leaves to the world
the heritage of a life full of understanding and
sympathy expressed in a staunch espousal of
the cause of others less fortunate than he. That
was the abiding principle of his life. He upheld
the oppressed at all times. His defense of Eu-
gene Debs in 1926 and of Sacco and Vanzetti two
years later are classics now. And countless num-
bers of times he has come to the aid of those
nameless millions who are numbered among
the unfortunates of America.
.But it is not enough to know only the col-
Umnistic Broun. The 21 million words that
he wrote in his 30 years in the newspaper game
are only a part of Broun. As Bruce Bliven puts
It: "No one noted thaL his written output was
only 10- per cent of his total. The other 90. and
it was grand stuff, was dictated to people who
unfortunately didn't have a pencil." Broun's
life was a mirror of the convictions he expressed
for 18 years in his column It .Seems To Me. In
1933 he became convinced of the need for a
Uinion for newspaper men and a few months
later the American Newspaper Guild came into
being . While the bulk of the routine work of
the union was handled by others, always stand-
ing staunchly behind it was Broun, its guardian
Now that Broun is deed his colleagues almost
1oman have risen to eulogize hm. "Everyone
who was ever associated with him loved and re-
spected him." There can be no doubt that among
these are many who sincerely feel r the loss, but
there are those among the mourners whose ap-
creciations ring false. We know that what Hey-
wvood Broun left to the oworld will not lose its
meaning because he is dead, thaat it will live on
because humor, sympathy, honesty and justice
don't fade and die, and that the Michigan Daily
hias been richer for what he gave it.
-- Carl Petersen.
(From The New York Post).
The 16,000 who have been cut off relief in
Cleveland received, per person, three pounds of
flour and four pounds of apples last week. This
fool was the gift of the Federal Surplus Com-
modities Corporation, rushed in to halt actual
starvation of citizens of Ohio.

War clouds hover over the continental ex-
panse of the United States as the new year and
the new decade begin. To those of us who are
students now the decade of the Thirties will
remain embedded in our memories as a decade
of struggle for our right to live decent, normal
lives, for a chance to take a productive place
in the ranks of the American people. It was a
decade of constant battle against those forces
that would thwart our chances for full mental
and physical development. We were made
acutely aware, by our own experience, by gov-
ernmental statistics and by such books as
Steinbeck's Grapes of Wrath of the intensity
and gravity of our national problems; and we
gave concrete expression to our pripciples by
aligning ourselves with the progressive interests
of the entire American people. We championed
all measures and proposals that we felt would
increase the wealth, security and well-being of
the people: such measures, for example as the
WPA, NYA, the Wagner Health Bill, aid to
farmers and the Social Security Act.
The decade that began with a world-wide ec-
onomic crisis that reached down into every fabric
of our lives has ended with a new World War:
and what is at stake now is our very existence.
Since the outbreak of the second imperialist
Nar in Europe there have been ~very powerful
forces at work in this country negotiationg for
our involvement. Lured by the prospect of
:)igger and better profits a new feeling of unani-
mity and friendship has swept over the various
factions of business and capital. The news-
papers of the country are pulling out every
dirty jourafilistic trick in their style books in
order to whip the people up to a frenzy of moral
indignation: editorial protestations of peace
are given the lie by war-mongering headlines
and news stories.
For those of us who are determined to resist
the headlong rush to war and disaster there
are some very important and fundamental les-
sons to be learned from the events of the last
few months. In the first place, the fight for
12'Robert S. Allen
WASHINGTON--Those optimstic statements
about .a short session of Congress are a lot of
wishful thinking. The boys will still be on hand
when June 1 rolls around.
One reason is that there is no need for them
to hurry to get through. .The presidential con-
vention won't take place this year until late
July and early August. The other reason is
that the shadow of the momentous fall cam-
paign will dominate everything said and done
on Capitol Hill and the session is a cinch to
be one of the most acrimonious and politics-
ridden in years.
There will be fierce fighting over the Wagner
Labor and Wage-Hour Acts, over Secretary
Wallace's demand for some form of processing
tax to finance the $300,000,000 farm parity
payments, over Cordell Hull's reciprocal trade
treaties and above all over the slashed budget.
It's on this last issue that you will see party
lines crumble and the boys, despite all their
brave economy talk and other lofty sentiments,
rally together to save their pork.
For there's political murder in that thar
The boys don't know it yet but Roosevelt has
ripped $45,000,000 out of the flood 'control ap-
propriation, whittling it down from $115,000,000
to $70,000,000. The cries of anguish that will go
uip when this is discovered will rend the heavens
from New England to California and from Mich-
igan to Texas. At least two-thirds of the mem-
bers of both chambers have local stakes in this
appropriation, to say nothing of hundreds of

contractors and thousands of workers, and with
In election in the offing you can bet your boots
the boys are going to leave no stone unturned
t get their pork. If they don't, it may mean
curtains for them in November.
The flood control item is just one of a num-
ber that got the axe. The highway appropria-
tion, another prime local pork favorite, was
riddled. When Roosevelt merely recommended
that last year, Congress nearly had a fit. The
boys will jump out of their skins when they
see what he actually did to the appropriation
this time.
Nope ,the session will niot be short and there
will be little harmony. The cards are stacked
for a long and strife-filled engagement.
There is one big battle, however, that may
not take place.
It's an inner circle secret but some of the
- President's closest advisers are strongly urging
him to duck the trade treaty fight.
The Act expires this year but the pacts ne-
~otiated under it continue until they terminate.
SPractically all the important treaties have been
consummated. So the inside boys are counsel-
ing the President to let the law lapse quietly
and then next year, if the Democrats continue
- n power, it will be much easier, with no election
in the offing, to re-enact it. If the Democrats
don't win then it won't make any difference any-

peace today is an extension of our fight for the
elementary rights of civil liberty, of security and
jobs. Exactly those people who fought to the
last inch to prevent the passage of the Social
Security Act, who oppose adequate appropria-
tions for relief, are now leading the campaign
to get us into the war.
One significant new addition to the ranks of
reactifon and war has appeared on the horizon-
an addition that will be written down as one
one of the great tragedies of 'our age. When
the first guns started booming in Europe the
New Deal Administration bid a hasty farewell
to the progressive position it had been forced
into by an overwhelming popular demand,. and
moved into the war orbit. An administration
that calls for the crippling of the Wagner Act,.
that condones the witch-hunting activities of
the Dies Committee, that has scuttled the Na-
tional Health Program, that sponsors the De-
partment of Justice attacks on the right of
trade unionists, can no longer serve as the rally-
ing-ground for the genuinely liberal forces of
the country. The Hoover of 1930 and the
Roosevelt of 1940 have joined forces on the issue
of war; to discover, then, that they have united
in their attitude toward relief should come as
no surprise.
If there has been a reversal in the attitude
of the New Deal, however, there has been no
such about-face on the part of the American
people. The people still want those things that
were embodied, in a large measure, in the New
Deal program, a program that they supported
overwhelmingly in 1936. They still want to hold'
firm to the guarantees of the Bill of Rights; they
still want enough food, shelter, clothing, and
medical treatment to make American life worth-
while ; they still believe, in the rights of laborers
to organize and to bargain collectively through
unions of their own choosing; they still want
iecent housing; they still want public schools
for their children; and, more urgently than ever,
they still want to remain at peace. Any party
that is interested in enlisting the support of
the American people will have to meet and serve
these human needs. It will have to be an
organization that will respond to these com-
mon interests of all farmers, laborers, and per-
sons of. the middle classes.

Our hope for the future, both as students
as citizens lies, with the determination of
majority of the people to continue along
progressive road it chose in the middle of
last decade: and with it depend our lives.


as an appointive official, Federal Reserve Board
Thairman Marriner Eceles is quietly weighing
a different method to get action--namely by
becoming a member of Congress. The one-
time leading Utah banker has reached no de-
cision as yet, but he may run for the Senate
next year against tho veteran anti-New Deal
Democratic Senator William King. Both men
are Mormons . . . Also reported to be harboring
secret senatorial ambitions is Arthur Hyde,
Secretary of Agriculture in :the Hoover Cabinet.
who may seek the Republican nomnination for
the seat now held by Missouri's Democratic
Senator Harry Truman . . .They don't know it
yet, but 140,000 union officials throughout the
country will soon get a pamphlet painting in
glowing terms the labor record of Democratic
presidential aspirant Paul McNutt. The postage
bill alone for this barrage will come to $4,200.
The addressing is being done by volunteer work-
ers; the printing cost is a secret.
Believe it or not, but Wendell Willkie, No. 1
utility foe of New Deal power policies, is a
patron of the Rural Electrification Administra-
tion in Indiana.
Willkie, whose Commonwealth and Southern
Corporation made legal history by opposing the
TVA, is a member of the Rush County Rural
Electric Membership Corporation in southeastern
Indiana, one of the most thriving farmers' REA
Willkie owns three fanns in Rush County
and when the REA cooperative was organized,
became a member in order to obtain for his
farms the electricity that the privately owned
S.E. Indiana Power Company, from which the
co-op buys its current, had not previously made
Other members of the co-op are Representa-
tive Raymond Springer, Republican, ex-Repre-
sentative Finly Gray, Democrat, whom Springer
defeated, and Robert W. Lyons, owner of the
international champion Perch eron horse.,
Some of the political soothsayers are wonder-
ing whether the Honorable John Carmody, dy-
namic desk-pounding Federal Works Adminis-
trator, hasn't been bitten with the presidential
bee. He is exhibiting some of the symptoms,
namely a developed, though perhaps not incur-
able, publicity virus.
He has even taken to delivering PWA checks
in person to the tune of clicking cameras and
radio broadcasts,.
In the days when Harold Ickes was PWA ad-
ministrator, the delivery of a five or ten million
PWA check was mere .routine. Only the laying
of corner-stones or the dedication of completed
muildings called for any ceremony.
But when a $6,000.000 check was due for de-
livery to the Pennsylvania Turnpike project the
other day. Carmnody went up to Harrisburg to
deliver the check in person. Moreover, he staged
a special broadcast during which he presented
the check to Waiter Jones. Finally, projiect con-
tractors were given the cue to bring their men
to Harrisburg to swell the crowd--and the ap- I

GULLIVER doesn't think it's neces-
sary frhim to preface his re-
marks about ,Heywood Broun with
an apology. Even if the President's
State of the Nation speech were
about Broun, Gulliver would still I
want to say a few words.
If you follow the columnists, you
read what they had to say about
Heywood Broun; most of it was as
bad as the average newspaper edi-
torial, which managed to sidestep
Broun's radicalism and his connec-
then with the American Newspaper
Guild. "There was no malice in
out how silly this was, and how mis-
leading. Broun could be as malicious,
we hee deemed it necessary a
>ther great American newspaper men.
And then there were some who,
like Dorothy Thompson. couldn't un-
aerstand why Heywood fooled around
with such "abstractions" as masses,.
workers, CIO. Dorothy .just doesn't
w ecaking about abstractios and
how Heywood looked like an unmade
bed, Broun was working hard to
make life better for newspapermen.
He was one of the great figures be-
hinds the founding of the Guild, and
thus one of the great figures of that
abstraction, the CIO.
1T WASN'T an n f thes things
it was thenyhole man-his radi-
calism, his faith in his fellow man,
his amazing sense of humor, his
sloppiness, his sheer courage--that
made Broun pretty much of a na
tienal hero to college newpaeme.
Gulliver isn't ging to cavil about
his political disagreements with the
man from whom he learned so very
much. As far as he is concerned, the
editorial page of the Michigan Daily
is going to look quite bleak without
Heywood Broun.
XTES, it was a very unmerry vaca-
tion. Everybody read all about
B"oun, but no publicity at all was
aiven to the sudden death of Dr.
l\orrgian Bethune in China. Norman
Bethune was a Canadian medical
man, and in 1936 he was leading the
quietly productive life of the aver-
age physician. In July 1936 General
Franco, with the aid of Mussolini,
revolted against the Spanish govern-
ment, and began his campaign of sys-
tematic terrorization of the civilian
population. The carnage, you will
remember, was fearful, and there
was a bad shortage of medical aid.
Dr. Bethune, who was already in his
fifities, gave up his practice and
went to Spain.
There he developed that remark-
able method of refrigerating human
blood and thus storing up supplies
of blood which saved countless thou-
sands of lives. He returned to this
country to plead the cause of the
Spanish people. -Those of you who
were in Ann Arbor in the summer
of 1937 will remember Dr. Bethune
as he was then, a slim, handsome
figure, with thinning white hair and
startlingly long white sideburns; a
very impressive speaker.
FEW OF US even knew that after
Franco had completed his con-
quest of Spain. Dr. Bethune went on
to China. He was travelling with the
fabulous Eighth Route Army some
place in the interior of that war-
ridden land when blood poisonng
caught up with him. He died very
quckly. And let us not forget thayt
he died a brave man.-
The Editor
Gets Told .. .
To The Editor: .
We should like to express our ap-

eEEciation for Mr. Arthos' splendid
review of Perspectives in The Daily
of Dec. 15, 1939. It seems to us that
he ip odo vr neatly ethe problems
trying to run a literary magazine for
the benefit of a student body which
is ceither not mnterested in litera-
ture or which regards "writing"
merely as a tool for the expression of
nion-literary ideas. May we invite
MVr. Arthos to contribute to future
issues of Perspectives?
- Harvey Swacios
-- James AJlen,.
(From the New York Daily News)
Russia is now gobbling up Fin-
land. whether by formal conquest or
by backing a Red revolution in Fin-
land with men and money from Mos-
cow remains to be seen. Anyway,
Russia is gobbling up Finland, while
the Germans, the British and the
French hack away at one another's
power and resources in Western Eu-
rope and on the sea. .
'We can only say what we've said
before that the war in 'Western Eu-

(Continued from Page 3)
to protect University buildings against
This statement is inserted at the
request of the Conference of Deans.
Shirley W. Smith.
Any member of the University staff
who may have puchased 1940 license
plates, may, if eligible to receive park-
ing permits, obtain them at the In-
formation Desk in the Business Of-
fice. The University Council's Coin-
mitteec on Parking urgently requests
that the plates be attached as soon
as possible and that both plates be
used, front and rear.
Herbert G. Watkins,
Assistant Secretary
Faculty, College of Engineering
will meet on Tuesday, January 9 at
4:15 p.m., in Room 348, West Engi-
nee ring Building. Agenda: Student
petition from decision of Discipline
Committee, and consideration of
Evaluation of Faculty Srices.
Applications in Support of Re-
search Projects: To give the Research
Commitees and the Executive Board
adequate time for study of 11 pro-
posals, it is requested that faculty
mmbers having projects needing sup-
port during 1940-1941 file their pro-
poal inythe Office o0f the Graduat
quest will, of course, be considered
toward the close of the second sem-
ester. Those wishing to renew pre-
vious 'requests whether now receiv-
ing support or not should so indicate.
Applications forms will be mailed or
can be obtained at Secertary's Office,
Room 1508 Rackham Building. Tele-
phone 331.
C. S. Yoakum.
The Detroit Armenian Women's
Club is offering a scholarship of $100
for the college year 1940-41 to a
young man or woman of undegradu-
ate standing in the colleges and uni-
versities of Michigan who is of Ar-
menian parentage and whose resi-
dence is in Detroit. Candidates are
to be recommended by the institu-
tions in which theyare enrolled. Se-
lection, which is made by the donors,
is on the basis of high scholastic
ability in the field of concentration,
together with character. Recommen-
dations must be made before May 1,
1940. Students who believe them-
seles qualified and seek recommen-
dation by this University should ap-
ply to Dr. Frank E. Robbins, Assistant
to the President, 1021 Angell Hall.
Doctoral- examination of Milton
Frederic Landwer will be held at 2
p.m. today in 3089 Natural Science
Bldg. Mr. Landwer's department of
specialization is Zoology. The title of
his thesis is "An Ecological Recon-
naissance of the Mammals of the
Texas High Plains Region."
Dr. L. R. Dice as chairman of the
committee will conduct the examina-
tion. By direction of the Executive
Board, the chairman has the pivilege
of inviting members of the faculty
arid advanced doctoral candidates to
attend the examination and to grant
permission to others who might wish
to be present. . .oku
February Candidates for the Teach-
er's Certificate: The Comprehensive
Examination in Education will be
given on Saturday, Jan. 6 from -9 to
12 o'clock (and also from 2 to 5
o'clock) in the auditorium of the
Univevsity High School. Students
having Saturday morning classes
may take the examination in the
afternoon. Printed information re-
garding the examination may be
secured in the School of Education
All Students, Registration for second
semester: Each student should plan

to register for himself during the
appointed hours. Registration by
proxy will not be accepted.
Robert IL Williams
Assistant Reegistrar.
SRegistratioMateria, Coleges of
dents should call for second semester
registration material at Room 4 Uni-
versity Hasi as soon as possible. Please
see your advisor and secure all nec-
essary signatures.
Robt. L. Williams,
Assistant Registrar.
11eg istration Material, College of
Architecture: Students should call
for second semester material at Room
4, University Hall, at once. The
College of Architecture will post an
announcement in the near future
giving the time of conferences with
your classifier. Please wait for this
notice before seeing your classifier.
Robt. L. Williams,
Assistant Registrar.
The University Bureau of Ap-
pointments and Occupational Infor-
mation has received notice of the fol-
lowing Civil Service examinations.

f1ay Engineering Draftsman Al, sal-
ary range, $140-160. Jan. 4. (Open
to men only). Petroleum Geologist
II (open to men only) salary range:
$200-240. Jan. 4.
Detrot Civil Service: Senior Sani-
tary Chemist, salary $2520. Jan. 12.
Assistant Sanitary Engineer (Detroit
i'esidence waived), salary $3600. Jan.
Complete announcements on file at
the University Bureau of Appoint-
mnents and Occupational Informa-
tion, 201 Mason Hall. Office hours:
9-12 and 2-4.
Health Service Visiting Hours: For
several reasons connected with the
welfare of all concerned, the Health
Service visiting hours in the Infir-
mary will be restricted to 2:30 to 3:30
in the afternoon.
Exhibits of the University's Arch-
eological Research in the Philippines,
Grate Laksein, dCermic Types
Ceramic Teennology and Ethnobo-
tany are being shown in the Mezza-
nine floor Exhibit rooms of the
Rackhain Building. Also exhibited
are antiquities from the University
excavations at Selcucia-on-Tigris and
from Karanis. Open daily from 2:30
to 5:30 and from '7:30 to 9:30, ex-
cept Sunday.
University Lecture: Dr. Michael A.
Heilperin, formerly of the Graduate
Institute of International Studies,
Geneva, will lecture on "Liberal and
Totalitarian Methods in Internation-
al Economic Relations" under the
auspices of the Department of Ec-
onomics at 4:15 p.m. on Friday, Jan.
5, 1940, in the Rackham Lecture
Hall. The public is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Mr. W. H. Au-
den, English poet, will lecture on "A
Sense of One's Age" under the aus-
pices of the Department of English at
4:15 p.m. on Friday, Jan. 12, in the
Rackham Lecture Hall. The public
is cordially invited.
Lecture on "Cooperative Economy
and Productive Homesteads; Their
Sociological Significance" by George
Weller of the School of Living, in
Lane Hall on Friday at 7:30 p.m.
Disession will follow.
Today's Evet
Zoology Seminar tonight at 7:30
in the Amphitheatre of the Rackham
Building. Milton Landwer will re-
port on "An Ecological Reconnais-
sance of the Mammals of the Texas
High Plains Region" and Margaret
Whitney on "'The Hermaphrodite
Glan1d and Germ Cells of a Self-f er-
tilizing Snail, VallOnia pulehella."
Graduate History Club meeting to-
night at 8 in the West Conference
Room, Rackham Building. Informal
discussion on "In What Way May the
Club Be of Most Service to Graduate
Students in History?" Refreshments.
All Graduate students in history are
invited to attend and offer sugges-
tions or criticisms.
Varsity Glee Club: Regular Re-
hearsal this evening in the Union.
The Transportation Club meets to-
night at 7:30 in the Union. Speaker:
Mr. E. H. Hanson from the Ass't Gen-
eral Manager's Office, Michigan Cen-
tral Railroad. Final plans for thc
trip to Fort Wayne will be made.
Alpha Phi Omega meeting in room
323 of the Union tonight at 8.
.Ticket Committee for Capricorn
Capers meeting today at 4:30 p.m. in

the League.
Women's Rifle Club will not meet
today. Meetings (practice groups)
will resume on Monday, Jan. 8.
Women's Fencing Club meeting to-
night at 7:30 in Barbour Gymnasi-

at 7:30 in

Dance Club Ineets tonight
Barbour Gymnasium.

Interior Decoration Section of the
Faculty Women's Club will meet to-
day at 3:00 p.m. in the Michigan
League, Miss Marjorie Chase will
tk n"Building Color Schemes in
heHome." Members must bring
membership cards.
International Center Speech Clinic.
First meeting will be held Thursday,
Jan. 11. Miss Pierce, in charge of the
Clinic, is beginning a new phase of
her work and it is imnportant that all
the class be present for the three re-
maining clinics of the semester.
Michigan Outdoor Club will umeet
Saturday afternoon at 2:00, at Lane
Hall for a skating party. Meeting

Note-The other day in New York. PWA divi-
sional chief Maurice E. Glilmore called in his

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