THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FITAV, DEC, 8, 1929,
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Government Should Help Underpaid
TwoThirds Of Nation, Writer Says
Edited and managed by students of the University of
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NIGHT EDITOR: HERVIE HAUFLER
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
And Youth Congress .. .
AFTER MAKING HEADLIES due to
the appearances of Mrs. Roosevelt,
the Dies Committee's investigation of the
American Youth Congress died a natural death.
Acting chairman, Rep. Joe Starnes (Dem.-
Ala) stated that additional hearings, if held,
will be purely of a "clean-up" nature.-
At the conclusion of the Thursday morning
session, the first lady told reporters, "I was
disappointed. I thought I would hear some-
thing new." Friday, in her syndicated column,
the President's wife expressed these sentiments:
"The majority of the questions were asked by
Mr. . B. Matthews, and his whole attitude, tone
of v ice and phraseology made one feel that a
pris er, considered guilty, was being tried at the
P PORTEDLY, the Youth Congress was be-
g cross-examined on the rather dubious
accusation that the organization was a commun-
istic "front," but it seems more likely that a
petition requesting Congress to refrain from
appropriating additional funds for the continu-
ance df the Dies Committee, circulated among
the AYC membership, was more directly re-
sponsible for the hearing. The petition accused
the Committee of "witch-hunting," and of being
extremely one-sided in its investigations.
The American Youth Congress is a "hetero-
geneous organization affiliated with church,
social service and college groups concerned with
the problems of youth." Total membership in
the AYC and affiliated groups has been estimat-
ed at 4,681,000. A typical youth movement, its
members do not believe in stagnation, nor do
they enjoy seeing government funds used to
conduct biased "investigations" which violate
the very phases of the constitution they so blat-
antly claim to uphold.
AS IT IS, the Committee's funds are running
short. Representative Dies, addressing a
"Mass Meeting for America" in New York last
week, said the Committee would hold but a few
more hearings before it folds up Jan. 1. It is not
inconceivable then, that the committee, in a
last attempt for the limelight, decided to oper-
ate on American youth-a far bigger task than
It is questionable whether any investigation
by a government agency of supposed "un-Ameri-
can activities" is legitimate, and we might once
again trot out the well-worn label of "Consti-
tutional." But even if we accept the fact that
probing subversive activity is within the bounds
of unqualified freedomand will eventually aid
In liberating America, investigations of groups
on one side to the complete disregard of vicious
anti-democratic organizations and practises on
the other will never be justified in what we like
to call a democratic nation, especially if they
are conducted with one eye to congressional
appropriations and the other to coming elections.
"Our first duty in this time of turmoil and
danger is to carry on our normal educational
program as effectively as possible and with a
minimum of confusion. Whatever course future
events may take, the world will need young men
versed in science and skilled in the arts of its
application to promote human welfare."-Dr.
VaA I T1 f~mtrwy j recirte r1P of M.CYflC t.
By ELLIOTT MARANISS
WITH FIRE and dramatic determination the
current production at Lydia Mendelssohn,
". . . one-third of a nation . . ." brings into
focus a clear and meaningful image of one
of the nation's more pressing economic prob-
lems. For over forty years, notably with the
publication of Jacob Riis' How The Other Half
Lives, spirited reformers have tried to startle
public opinion into a mental set that would
allow the government to tackle this disabling
problem in a broad and competent way. They
showed that crime, disease and maternal deaths
brooded like a fog and spawned into immense
dimensions "amid the miasmic fumes of the
Despite universal recognition of the serious-
ness of the housing problem, however, it has,
for a number of reasons remained unsolved.
Any large-scale attempt to solve the problem
inevitably uncovers the fundamental incompat-
ability of human welfare appropriations and
business costs. Government projects and public
welfare services mean higher taxes. To business
taxes appear to be unnecessary costs. As a re-
sult the housing needs of the people, like all
their other major public needs, have remained
THE ECONOMIC reformation known as the
New Deal did little moe than recognize the
problem. It couldn't possibly fail to do so:
when the depression, without modesty and with-
out respect for orthodoxy, uncomfortably laid
bare the tragic and mature problems of modern
capitalism, the New Deal was forced to move
to conserve the old b reform. Accordingly
President Roosevelt voiced official recognition
of the housing problem with his famous declara-
tion that "one-third of the natiol is ill-housed,
ill-clad and ill-fed."
The President's neat phrase served to draw at-
tention to the problem. And Arthur Arent's
play serves a great social purpose in calling to
the cast in which one-third of the American
character is molded. But they both omit-in
the play the omission is dictated by dramatic
logic-the omnipresence of rural slums and the
high incidence of tragic housing other than
tenements. It is a proven fact that the housing
problem immediately affects, not merely one-
third of a nation, but two-thirds of the Ameri-
can people-13,000,000 families more than those
living in tenements.
THE REPORT of the National Resources
Committee on Consumer Incomes in the
United §tates, 1935-36, concludes that one-third
of the nation, or thirteen million families and
single individuals received less than $780 for
that year. Another third of a nation, another
thirteen million, received less than $1,450. There
By JAMES E. GREEN
The paintings and drawings of William Grop-
per, one of America's foremost political car-
toonists and satirists, make up the most impor-
tantdsart of the Ann Arbor Art Association's
second show of the year now on display in the
galleries of Alumni Memorial Hall. A selection
of prints from the members of the American
Artists Association comprises the rest of the
show that will continue in the galleries through
Gropper has been known for many years to
the readers of the New Masses and the Daily
W6rker for his witty and biting lampooning of
the contemporary political and economic scene
but in his work here he reveals something more.
He remains, primarily, a satirist but there is a
depth of imagination and a sensitive intellectu-
ality in some of his work that transcends the
compulsions of social satire. Much of his paint-
ing is eclectic and the debt that it owes to his
cartoon technique is often discernible but his
talents as a painter are very real, if not fully
developed and unified. His figures are some-
times wooden but when he paints people as
people and not symbols he exhibits a sure and
Gropper as a satirist is associated in most
minds with the slam-bang caricatures of gross
money bags that walk like men. There is a
different Gropper revealed here, however. He
is at his New Masses best in "Knighthood in
Flower" in which he sums up all of Neville Cham-
berlain but in many of his drawings he shows
a fineness and subtlety of line that broadens the
social content at the same time that it gives
them a significance that goes far beyond the
exigencies of newspaper headlines. His wash
drawings "Lawyer and Jurymen" and "Politi-
cian" are almost three-dimensional in their
fluid "solidity" without sacrificing any of their
incisiveness as caricature. When he exchanges
his bludgeon for a brush he is analyzing rather
than attacking, appealing more to the intellect
than the emotions.
As a painter Gropper is not yet a sure color-
ist and his compositions generally depend more
upon lines than upon masses for their effects.
But the very strength of that line combined
with a sometimes strong use of color gives many
of his paintings a dynamic quality that is ex-
tremely striking. In several of his paintings of
the Spanish Civil War he has been consider-
ably influenced by Goya and his results are
sometimes comparable. In this group partic-
ularly he has gotten away from the stereotyped
"symbolic" composition of the run of socially
conscious artists. He paints and draws with
real feeling for the subjects of his work but
he never makes a sentimental appeal. He is
need be little speculation, then, as to the basic
cause of the nation's chronic and acute housing
problem. It is impossible to house, feed, clothe
and medicate a family of four or five persons on
slightly more than four dollars a day. Two-
thirds of the American people simply haven't the
money to purchase decent housing: and be-
cause of this mass lack of inadequate incomes,
private business cannot supply decent housing at
a profit. Human welfare needs will not be met.
At present the government is busily engaged.
in invoking the anti-trust laws against the labor
unions in the building trades. It appears to the
Attorney-General's office that breaking the.
alleged union monopoly of certain trades and
services will so reduce the cost of housing that
a construction boom will spontaneously ensue
and regenerate the New Deal's popularity. But
the Attorney-General's office apparently doesn't
recognize that the extreme seasonality of the
construction industry has forced the labor
unions to fight for and win high hourly rates
and to deemphasize the annual wage. Mr. Thur-
man Arnold has failed to recognize the inescap-
able fact that two-thirds of the American people
have incomes so inadequate that they are hope-
lessly incapable of purchasing decent housing,
even with slightly reduced costs. He has ap-
parently failed to consider the statements. of
Housing Administrator Straus, who has said
that the government, operating under present
statutory provisions cannot hope to exceed
accommodating even ten per cent of the na-
tion's ill-housed population.
A LSO IGNORED are the following considera-
tions: Professor Robert Kelso's contention
that primarily the upper third and not the lower
two-thirds is the main beneficiary of the present
housing program; that the American Federation
of Labor unions in the building trades, in order
to protect their standard of living, have resorted
to the only economic avenues open to them,
namely, of raising wages by curtailing the supply
of their labor . service, and by adjusting their
unions to the seasonality of the construction in-
dustry. In short, the present anti-trust crusade
of the Attorney-General's office seeks to prose-
cute the symptoms and the effects, not the dis-
ease or the cause. While these considerations
are mainly legislative in character the legal
ardor of a law enforcement agency like the
Attorney-General's office, should be tempered
and abated by them. It is human experience
and the compulsion of economic fact, not legal
logic, that shoud be the breath of the law.
The severe housing problem confronting the
American people will not be solved until the
submerged two-thirds of the population are pro-
vided with incomes that will allow them to
satisfy their basic needs. It is to this end that
the resources and energy of the government must
Iifeemf io Ve
The so-called phony war has moved more
quickly into crisis than the conflict of 1914. The
next few months will tell the story. The mag-
AS SOON as Mr. Q. awoke yester-
day, he knew something was
wrong. It was just that there was
something missing. He ran quickly
to the desk to see if his bulging wal-
let had been pilfered in the night:
there it was, still bulging, quite un-
pilfered (the bulge, incidentally, due
mainly to the fact that his playful
room-mates had hidden his shoes
there). Everything looked the same:
disarrayed, unkempt, sleepy, but
there was something missing.
Mr. Q. dressed and left the house'
still certain that all was not right in
the world. True, there were wars
raging and there were people starv-
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Ft lDAY, DEC. 8, 1939
VOL. L. No. 64
Federal Income Tax: It has been
thought best to postpone the meeting
with a representative of the Collec-
tor of Internal Revenue until some
time after the first of the year. Date
of the meeting, when determined,
will be announced.
Shirley W. Smith.
To The Members of the Universty
Council: There will be no meeting
of the University Council in Decem-
Louis A. Hopkins, Secy.
ITo Students Having Library Books:
ing, and there were lots of other ToSuetHaigLbryBks
things wrong that might cause un- 1. Students having in their posses-
easiness and a feeling of uncertainty. sion books drawn from the University
But what Mr. Q. felt was much closer; Library are notified that books are
it seemed to come from the immed- due Monday, Dec. 11, before the im-
iate surroundings. And it wasn't un- pending Christmas vacation, in pu-
til he reached the Publications Build- suance of the University regulation:
ing and picked up a copy of Thurs- "Students who leave Ann Arbor for
day's Daily that he discovered the more than a week must first return
cause of all the trouble: there was no all borrowed books."w.
pretty little Santa Claus box at the Books needed between Dec. 11 and
bottom of the right hand column, the beginning of vacation may be re-
warning that there were only eight tained upon application at the charg-
more shopping days until Christmas ing, desk.rn
Vacation. 2. Failure to return books before
the vacation will render the student
MR. Q. THINKS that Daily readers liable to an extra fine.
should protest against this cen- 3. Students remaining in town may
sorship. Obviously The Daily is charge and renew books for seven-
working in cahoots with subversive day periods beginning Dec. 11.
elements who are trying to under- 4. Students leaving town who have
mine the holiday business of Ann urgent need for books during the va-
Arbor merchants. Why, so many cation period will be given permis-
people have come up to Mr. Q. in the sion to take such books with them,
past few days and inquired as .to provided they are not in general de-
who drew the nice little Santa and mand, on application at the office of
breathlessly related how that was the the Superintendent of Circulation.
first thing they turned to each Wm. W. Bishop, Librarian.
morning-in fact, a couple said that ___
it was the only thing they turned The University Bureau of Appoint-
to. ments and Ocecpational Information
This omission is revolutionary and has received notice of the following
might well lead to the breakdown of United States Civil Service examina-
our whole family system. Just pic- tions. The last date for filing appli-
ture this heart-rending scene, so typi-, cation is noted in each case:
cal in Ann Arbor yesterday morn- Projectionist (The National Ar-
ing: The family rises at five and chives), salary: $1,620, Jan. 2.
rushes to the window to wait for Technical assistant to the chief of
their Daily. At eight, they are still probation and parole, bureau of pris-
waiting; at ten, they call The Daily ons, Dept. of Justice, salary: $3,800,
to find why it hasn't been delivered Jan. 2.
and are told there must have been a Assistant supervisor of classifica-
tornado or a snowstorm or an earth- tion, Bureau of Prisons, Dept. of Jus-
quake or something but they will get tice, salary: $3,800, Jan. 2.
their copy right away. So at one, they Protozoologist, salary: $3,800, Jan.
get their Daily. And, of course, the 2
first thing they turn to is to find Associate protozoologist, salary: $3,-
out how many more days of shopping 200, Jan. 2.
they have left. You can imagine the Asistant prtozologist. salarv: t2.-
netic mine is the most men-
acing weapon which has been
produced in modern times,
and unless the Allies can
find a defense against it Hit-
ler is certain to come out as
This has nothing to d4J
with my sympathies anA
emotions or anybody's wish-
ful thinking. The loss of
tonnage of the last few days would most certain-
ly starve out England if the ratio could be con-
But though the present status of the war can
hardly be cheering for any of us who hope for
the defeat of Nazi forces and Nazi philosophy, it
is a good deal less than hopelesp. In all history
each new invention of an attacking device has
promptly been neutralized in whole or in part
by some defensive mechanism. Already the
technicians in many lands must be hard at
work in seeking ways in which to thwart the
new style of aggression employed by Hitler.
* * *
When Chamberlain said that methods would
be found to meet the threat he might have al-
ready had some messages of reassurance from
the laboratories or he may have been merely
buoyed up by the hope that every Merrimac
must find its Monitor.
A familiar theory voiced in America'for many
months by all the peace groups has been the
fear that if a German victory seemed at all
possible the ruling powers here would push us
in. But, on the contrary, it seems to me that
American participation is less likely now than it
has ever been since the beginning of hostilities.
Every poll has shown a greater determina-
tion upon the part of American citizens to ab-
stain, and that emotional commitment is heigh-
tened vastly now by the condition of the pres-
ent war. To put it plainly, there can be no
compelling urged upon the part of anyone to
put America in, because our entry as a com-
batant would be of so little consequence to
As long as the magnetic mine remains as
effective as it seems to be at present we could
not land an effective expeditionary force abroad,
even if that happened to be our desire. Sheer
disappointment when all they found
in the right hand corner was a lot of
print, and no Santa Claus. "But we
want Santa Claus," the underfed
children wail. "Where is Santa
Claus?" "There ain't no Santa
Claus," moans the mother.
AS M. Q. writes this, he is not sure
whether Santa is present this
morning, but if not, call up The Daily
immediately and cancel your sub-
scription. We must protect our chil-
The Suomi Club, the Finnish group
on the campus, had scheduled a
meeting to celebrate the Finns' In-
dependence Day. It was to be held
at the League-in the-you guessed
It happened in a poly sci class the
other day. They were discussing,
electoral problems, and the instruc-
tor set this up: Supposing that one
of you, say John Nicholson, is run-
ning for office. What are some of
the methods you would use to get
him elected? The class began to
offer suggestions on how to elect
Nick to office: sound trucks and ad-
vertising and various other methods
of campaigning. In the back of the
room, Barney Schorr and Dave Zeit-
lin, who were disturbed from their
tit-ta-toe by the commotion, tried
to get the instructor's attention for
They waved their arms and,
squirmed all around, but the class
had been so used to hearing nothing
but snores coming from that direc-.
tion that they were entirely disre-
garded. Finally, just as the class
had finished their suggestions and
were passing on to some important
aspect of elections, Dave yells: "How
about a slogan?" And Barney jumps
up, waves his hand in the air and
shouts: "Stick with Nick!"
Be A Goodfellow
Rule Never Changes
In these days of dictator-inspired
aggression, it is enlightening again
to read the words that were penned
by a great American author several
"There has never been a just war
on the part of the instigator of war.
I can see a million years hence, and
this rule will never change. The
loud little handful will shout for the
war; the great big bulk of the na-
tion will rub its sleepy eyes and try
to make out WHY there should be
war. Next the cheap statesman will
invent cheap lies, putting the blame
on the nation that is attacked, and
every man who might have ques-
600, Jan. 2.
Junior medical officer (rotating
interneship), salary: $2,000, Jan. 2.
Junior medical officer (psychiatric
resident), salary: $2,000 ,Jan. 2.
(patents), salary: $2,300, Jan. 2.
Principal engineering draftsman,
salary: $2,300, Jan. 2.
Senior engineering draftsman, sal-
ary: $2,000, Jan. 2.
Assistant engineering draftsman,
salary: $1,620, Jan. 2.
Junior engineering draftsman, sal-
ary: $1,440, Jan. 2.
Complete announcements on file
at the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information,
201 Mason Hall. Office hours: 9-12
The Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information has re-
ceived announcement of the following
Detroit Civil Service examinations for
Lifeguard (Pool) (Male and Fe-
male)-60c per hour.
Swimming Instructor (Male and
Female), $5 per day.
Requirements: 20 years of age, De-
troit residence, Senior American Red
Cross Life Saving Certificate.
Applications blanks may be ob-
tained at the office of the Bureau,
201 Mason Hall, office hours 9-12,
2-4. The blanks must be filed at the
Detroit Civil Service Office by Dec.
13. Examination to be held Dec. 20.
E.M. I Review, all classes tonight
from 7 to 9 in Room 401 West Eng.
Paintings by William Gropper and
prints by the Associated Arierican
Artists shown in West Gallery, Al-
umni Memorial Hall, daily, 2-5, until
Dec. 15. Auspices of Ann Arbor Art
Exhibitions, College of Architecture
and Design: Student work of member
colleges of the Association of Colle-
inspired aggressions of all time to
come. He was the man who wrote
the immortal "Huckleberry Finn."
He was Mark Twain. His words are
worth heeding again in these
troublesome days of 1939.-W.W.
California Daily Trojan
Be A Goodfellow
New York has a law which con-
demns to death any dog which has
bitten the public three times. Two
bites they allow. But no more. Thol
giate Schools of Architecture. Dec. 1
Photographs of tools, processes,
and products representative of the
Department of Industrial Design at
Pratt Institute. Dec. 1 through 14.
Open daily, except Sunday, 9 to 5,
in Third Floor Exhibition Room,
Architectural Building. Open to the
The Ann Arbor Camera Club's
Third Annual Exhibit of photog-
raphy is being held in the Exhibit
Galleries on the Mezzanine floor of
the Rackham Building. Open daily,
except Sunday, from 2 to 10 p.m. un
til Dec. 9.
University Lecture: Dr. Martin P.
Nilsson, Professor of Classical Ar-
chaeology and Ancient History, and
formerly rector, University of Lund,
Sweden, will lecture on "Rural Cus-
toms and Festivals in Greek Reli-
gion" (illustrated with slides) under
the auspices of the Department of
Greek at 4:15 p.m. on Tuesday,eDec.
12, in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
The public is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Dr. Veit Valen-
tin, Lecturer at University College,
London, will lecture on "Austria and
Germany" under the auspices of the
Department of History at 4:15 p.m.
on Thursday, Dec. 14, in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre. The public is
Wild Land Utilization: Dr. Frank A.
Waugh, Professor Emeritus of Land-
cape Architecture, Massachusetts
State College, will give the following
alks in the amphitheatre of the Rack-
ham Building at the times indicated:
Dec. 8, 9 a.m., "Administrative
problems to be considered in the
management of wild lands for hu-
These talks are intended primarily
for students in the School of Forestry
and Conservation, who are expected
to attend, but all others interested are
lso cordially invited.
Today s Events
The Suomi Club will hold its Christ-
mas meeting today in the Lucy B.
Henderson room at the Michigan
League. The program features Dr.
John Stanton who will speak on "Fin-
land and the Situation in ,Europe."
Exchange of ten-cent gifts and re-
Stalker Hall: Christmas dinner and
program at the Russian Tea Room of
the Michigan League at 6:15 p.m. to-
night. Call 6881 at Stalker Hall for
reservations before noon today.
Disciples Guild cinema party, to-
night. Members and their friends
meet at the Guild House at 8 p.m.
for a social hour before the 9 o'clock
The Westminster Guild will hold an
ice skating party tonight. Members
and friends will meet at the Coliseum
at 7:45 and register with Paul Lowry
to take advantage of the special rate.
Refreshments ,and dancing at the
church will follow.
Soph Cabaret floor show will go on
at 4:30 p.m.' both Friday and Satur-
day afternoons and at 10:30 p.m. both
The Lutheran Student Club will
hold its annual Christmas party at
Lane Hall this evening at 8 p.m.
Tickets may be secured from mem-
bers of the social committee or at the
Hillel Ceremony of the lighting of
the Chanukah candles will be held
in the Hillel Chapel at sundown every
day until Thursday, Dec. 14.
Hillel Class in Yiddish will meet at
the Foundation this afternoon at 4:30
A Chanukah Service will be held at
the Hillel Foundation tonight at 7:30
p.m. It will be followed by a Cha-
nukah program, consisting of two
one-act plays, and a social hour, un-
der the auspices of the Hillel Play-
German Faculty Table: The regu-
lar luncheon meeting will be held
Monday at 12:10 p.m. in the Found-
ers' Room of the Michigan Union. All
faculty members interested in speak-
ing German are cordially invited.
There will be a brief informal talk by
Prof. Benjamin Wheeler on, "Fin-
The ROTC Drum and Bugle Corp
will meet Saturday, Dec. 9, at 1 p.m.
in the Drill Hall at Headquarters.
The Art Cinema League announces
the third of the programs in its Series
as HAMLET sand THE LAST LAUGH,
with Emil Jannings, on Sunday, Dec.
10. Memberships in the league are
still available prior to the 3:15 and