TOHE MICHIGAN DAILY Trsr
By YOU/NG GULLW.IER
War is deeply rooted in the ancient
and false belief that individuals in
a group-a nation, that is-are not
bound by the law of right and wrong
which by agreement governs the con-
duct of individuals singly.
By applying the simple rules of
right and wrong ,as recognized and
enforced throughout the world, to
the existing state of affairs among
the nations, it can be seen how far
from the axiomatic right-and-wrong
standards of individuals are the
standards of nations.
Simple Rules Of Right
(Continued from Page 1>
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IVember, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
ONE of the more horrible concomitants of any
war is the degradation of those intellectuals
who support it. The casualties of the last war
were far too numerous to list; suffice it to say
that the American intellectuals in 1917 who
were anti-war can be counted on the fingers of
your hand. Most American literary men, artists,
and college professors voluntarily cheapened
themselves to the extent of becoming parrots for
government propaganda handouts.
By 1917 the New Republic, which in the three
years since its inception had become the main
organ of expression of liberal American thought,
was indistinguishable from the sheets which
were spreading the fable of saving the world
from the Huns, saving the world for democ-
racy. One of the editors of the .New Republic
at that time was a man by the name of Walter
Lippmann. He had been one of that group of
brilliant young men who graduated from Har-
vard in 1911; he had been hailed as one of the
most brilliant young men in the United States.
Hope For World Federation
In 1917, Walter Lippmann wrote: "We can
dare to hope for things which we never dared
to hope for in the past. That hope is nothing
less than the Federation of the World. No other
idea is big enough to describe the Alliance. It is
no longer an offensive-defensive military agree-
ment among diplomats. That is how it started,
to be sure. But it has grown and is growing into
a union of peoples determined to end forever
the intriguing, adventurous nationalism which
has torn the world for three centuries . . . The
democracies are unloosed!" Comment is un-
But anyone who picked up the Ann Arbor
When Hitler told Sir Neville Henderson that
he pined to be out of public life and return to
painting, the Birtish Ambassador reported to
I Petersen ;
ott Maraniss .
n M. Swinton . . .
ton L. Linder . .
man A. Schorr
fns Flanagan .
n N. Canavan .
3,Vicary . . . . .
Fineberg . . .
Aness Manager '
. Business Mgr., Credit Manager
men's Business Manager,
men's Advertising Manager .
. City Editor
. Associate Editor
. Associate Editor
. Women's Editor
. Sports Editor
. Paul R. Park
Ganson P. Taggart
. nJane Mowers
. Harriet S. Levy
NIGHT EDITOR: KARL KESSLER
Daily News of Tuesday, Nov. 21, 1939, could read
what Walter Lippmann had to say about the
second world war. He began: "At the end of last
week the British and French reached an agree-
ment by which they may have succeeded in
laying the cornerstone of a new constitutional
structure. If the fates are kind, if there is wis-
dom, courage, and faith among men, there may
develop within this structure and around it a
federal union of -the free peoples of Europe.
Nothing that has been done since the war began,
it may be that nothing which has been done in
out time holds such a promise for the future."
Lippmann's 1917 Federation of the World is
streamlined into a 1939 Federal Union of The
Free Peoples Of Europe, but the 1939 version
has been more carefully thought out. In 1917
Lippmann's youthful liberalism was dying. He
was playing around with Utopia and when 1919
failed to produce Utopia, Lippmann-it is best
to put it bluntly-sold out.
T HE Lippmann scheme of 1939 is not the
buoyant stupidity of a youthful and con-
fused liberal. It is the considered expression of
the spokesman for the New York Herald Tri-
bune, of the spokesman for some of the most
important circles of British and American finance
capital. Lippmann has come a long way. The
former leader of the Intercollegiate Socialist
Society now referees polo games on Long Island.
But take another look at the quotations above.
They are interchangeable. Does Lippmann,
then, still believe in that Wellsian never-never
world nonsense? Hardly.
Not Adolescent Imagination
The Federal Union scheme is not now the
product of an adolescent imagination. It is
now a scheme for imperialist domination, and
nothing more. Lippmann's Tuesday column
ends with the following paragraph: "In this
union there is the means for solving the colonial
problem. For in any enduring settlement, the
dependent colonial empires of Great Britain,
France, Italy, Portugal, Belgium and the Neth-
erlands must of necessity be regarded as a.com-
mon European trust, and the development of
the colonies opened up to all the European peoples
through corporations of some sort in which all
may own shares and participate in the manage-
Germany will of course be included in the
plunderbund, but not until she is "purged of Hit-
lerism" and returns "to a regime, monarchist,
democratic, or anything else that the Germans
prefer, which is legally and humanly similar to
that of its civilized and free neighbors."
What a bitter, what a monstrous joke!
THE United States did not enter into Lipp-
mann's calculations, but his colleague, Dor-
othy Thompson, has pointed the way. And
when the going gets a little rough for the
"civilized and free" belligerents, you may rest
assured that we will be asked to donate our
lives for a federal union of the free peoples of
Europe, for the development of the colonies . . .
through corporations. Mr. Lippmann will ask
us to donate our lives.
How many others will ask us? How many in-
tellectuals, writers, college professors will ask
us for our lives so that they may enjoy a few
years more of shamefaced and soiled existence
in ,a world of old men?
We shall find out.
The editorials published in The Michigan
'aily are written by members of The Daily
aff and represent the views of the writers
ithout Women? ...
THE UNION-OFFICERS are proceed-
ing blithely on their course, happy
in the belief that they are reincarnating one
of the University's most brilliant -traditions--the
Union Opera. The . Union Finance Committee
has approved the budget, the Executive Commit-
tee has been selected and the whole intricate
organization of a dozen student committees is
being planned to swings into action.
However, even the Union officers realize they
are confronting serious obstacles.. The Opera
tradition has been dormant since 1930, and
the present student body has no recollection of
the Opera's glamorous background of national
tours and intense campus support.n
From -the pinnacle of national prominence
in the early twenties, the fame of the produc-
tion gradually declined until the venture was
finally abandoned in 1930. Its failure was in-
cumbent upon a series of unsatisfactory scripts
and the resulting financial losses. Now, along
with the attempt at revival, the Union needs
every element of support the campus can offer
if it is to regain the old glory for its show. And
it has merely overlooked the women.
Assuming the risk of being tabbed Cassandras,
the women could point out that revival efforts
in 1934 and 1935 failed so definitely that they
were a discredit to the Opera's record. But this
would not be simply a dire foreboding. The
women earnestly desire success for the revival
and believe that its directors should be aware
that past experience could serve as an example
The executive committee has deigned to recog-
nize the value of feminie aid in only one re-
spect. It has offered to allow them to apply for
positions on the secretarial committee-other-
wise known as the dirty work department. After
this move, refusal to permit the inclusion 6f
feminine talent in the rest of the Opera's prep-
aration seems ridiculous.
It must be understood that the women have
not adopted the 'disgruntled female' attitude.
As long as either the success or failure of the
venture will eventually reflect on the entire uni-,
versity, they are asking that in all fairness they
be given the chance to share responsibility in
the production's outcome.
In the past the mediocrity of script and pre-
sentation has been the cause of failure. In the
past the women have been given no opportunity
to aid. There may 'or may not be a logical con-
nection between these two statements of facf,
but when so much is at stake it is unintelligent
to ignore even one factor. The complete ful-
fillment of the Union Opera's old brilliance may
depend on coed participation and support.
his home government that
der Fuehrer was insane. It
is true, of course, that Adolf
added the opinion that he
might well become one of
the world's great artists,
which would be quite a leap
from his last recorded water
But in a sense Hitler was
in closer touch with the
times than his British visitor, for in spite of
powder paint is decidedly in the air today. Cer-
tainly here in America there is more discussion
of art than I have ever known in my time. In
fact, a large and high-priced book called A
Treasury of Art Masterpieces is among the best
sellers of the moment, to the astonishment of
all publishers, including Simon & Schuster, who
issued it as one of the greatest gambles known
in the history of the trade.
The Picasso show all but made the front page,
and some of his canvasses were exhibited in the
windows of a department store as a special added
The centenary of Cezanne is being celebrated
at the Harriman Gallery, and the roads of Con-
necticut are cluttered with the easels " of the
amateurs who strive to get the structure of the
trees now that the leaves are gone.s
Art is everywhere. Indeed, it seems to have
struck in some of the blamedest places. Just
what touched it off I do not know, but it would
not surprise me at all to be told that perhaps
the world is at the edge of another Renaissance.
In part, I believe, the Federal Art Projects
gave stimulus here at home, because a painter
is not thwarted but actually encouraged if he
is able to eat on occasion.
Of all the arts painting is certainly the most
democratic. The materials cost more than the
bare necessities of the writer, but, then, writing
isn't as much fun. Writing is a more sordid
pastime. It's done for money. To be sure, there
are a few brave souls who have gone on and on
with manuscripts in spite of rejections, but in
the end they grow gloomy and desist.
Once a man gets paint under his fingernails
he is in for duration. I know hundreds of Sun-
day painters who have never sold a picture
and never expect to. To keep on and on in
order to amuse themselves and puzzle their
friends. Even the worst painting can be sent
to some loved one as a Christmas present.
All manner of men are palette minded. I was
rushing to a race track the other day when the
taximan looked out at the autumn landscape and
said, "This is the sort of stuff I love to paint.
That's my hobby." We fell into a conversation
then about Cezanne and dawled so that I missed
And that reminds me that in Florida last win-
ter I met a man who seemed to me to have found
the perfect formula for a happy existence. "I
own three cheap horses," he said, "which I
campaign around the country, mostly at the
half-mile tracks, and I also paint race track
scenes. Between the platers and the potboilers
I get along quite nicely."
To me "nicely" seemed a wholly inadequate
,.~rvh una-haty" aymili hamnraTi" f T
tegists are planning a national de-
fense surprise of their own when
Congress reassembles in January.
They are going to demand an inves-
tigation of the management of the
Army and Navy.
There is plenty of ammunition to
justify this. While billions are being
poured out to build up national de-
fense, the command of the two de-
fense services is mired in welters of
bureaucracy, antiquated methods
and personal jealousies.
The Republicans plan to probe
Roosevelt's continued failure to give
the Navy a definite head, the cat-an-
dog fight in the War Department,
and the sensational disclosures re-
garding the newly built top-heavy de-
The Republicans privately calcu-i
late that they can kill two birds with
First, they aim to force an ur-
gently needed revitalization of the
Army and Navy's commands-both
civilian and military. Second, they
hope to emphasize the Republican
contention that the New Deal can't
run the government competently
and a change is needed.
For Assistant Secretary Charles
Edison, overworked acting head of
the Navy, there is bitter irony in all
this. A Navy probe, with its certain
revelations of obstructive bureau-
cracy and resistance to moderniza-
tion, may cost him his well-deserved
chance to be made a full member of
Edison has striven to cut through
red- tape and weed out antiquated
practices and brasshats,.but'the job
is too much for one .man and he has
worked himself near collapse trying
to cope with it. Despite his blame-
lessness, the splatter of disclosure
is sure to fall on his head.
'Why Roosevelt has not named
Edison, or someone else, to the long
vacant secretaryship remains a mys-
tery. Best inside explanation is
that the President enjoys being his
own Secretary of the Navy.
Supreme Court Romeo
To the casual observer, Justice
James Clark McReynolds seems to
keep his health despite 78 summers.
However, those who saw him with
lovely Mrs. Lionel Atwill think he has
lost his punch.
Mrs. Atwill returned from Holly-
wood to Washington recently, caus-
ing friends to reminisce about the
days when, as Louise Brooks and
later as Mrs. Douglas MacArthur,
she was the most popular woman in
Washington. One of her great ad-
mirers was General John Pershing,
her constant escort at social func-
At one of these Justice McRey-
nolds, always with an eye to feminine
beauty, planted a lusty kiss publicly
on the lips of Louise. Then, much
embarrassed, he apologized profusely
to General Pershing.
When Louise Atwill returned to
Washington the other day, she
lunched at the Supreme Court, and
again she saw McReynolds.
"But this time," laughed Mrs. At-
will, "he looked at me as if he was
surveying the devastated areas."
Paul Van Zeeland, ex-Premier of
Belgium, has been spreading some
quiet words of caution regarding
I the amount of war orders to be ex-
pected-or rather not to be expect-
ed-from France and Great Bri-
Few people realize, he points out,
how much the productive capacity
of the Allies has increased. It is far
greater than in 1914, and except for
a few specialized products the Allies
can produce most of what they need
under their own steam.-
Furthermore, Van Zeeland empha-
sizes, the British are going to switch
I war orders possible to Canada, in
an attempt to build up its industry
on a permanent basis, perhaps even
with the idea of shifting much of
the United Kingdom's industry to
the Dominion where it will be safe
from future wars.
Van Zeeland reports that Hitler's
finances are worse than most people
realize, and predicts that the war
will be short. Buthis definition of
"short" is two years.
NOTE: Van Zeeland has been vis-
iting the United States as counsel
for the International Refugee Confer-
Father Coughlin's followers are
flooding the Federal Communica-
tions Commission with protests
against his "suppression" under the
new National Association of Broad-
castters code. This is giving FCC
officials a big laugh.
They recall a previous flood of com-
vv-,- f.n - i" ..:v ...a a li a
If a gunman runs amok in thei
neighborhood in which we as indi-
viduals live, or even in some neigh i
borhood across the river or across
the railroad tracks, we are not con-
tent until his activities have been
curbed and he has been put safely1
away. When our neighbors seekl
to restrain him we give them strongI
moral support or even help themc
physically, if necessary, and if pos-E
There are many who will quicklyi
say that the trouble in the neigh-f
borhood of nations is not that simply1
explained, and that the interna-
tional gunman of our time has cer-
tain rights which have been trampled
- upon. Yet, on every frontier, human-<
ity has known a time when law and
order have stepped in, when old gun
feuds have been declared to be,
against the peace and dignity of the
Humanity, strange to say, has
muddled along on the frontier of
world peace for 1900 years since
Christ Jesus pronounced the perfect
formula for world peace: "Thou
shalt love thy neighbor as thyself."
When peace does come to the world
it will find some long-time injus-
tices still standing among the na-
tions. Human affairs as they relate
to the rights of individuals prove
that these injustices can and will be
set right when it is recognized and
accepted that cooperative order, not
the anarchy of selfish nationalism,
will govern thenceforth..
i Each can discern right and wrong
as they apply to one person and his
relationship to humanity. From the
tangled snarl of international cross-
purposes and enmities there come
increasing indications that humanity
is more and more conscious of the
fact that the plain ABC rules of right
and wrong must govern nations as
well as men, that justice among the
nations must be patiently built upon
a basis of enforced law and order.
More individuals see and hold to
this plain, simple truth today than
ever before. And national and in-
ternational action will follow where
their thought leads.
-Christian Science Monitor
ver is an active candidate for the
1940 nomination is Alf Landon.
At a private gathering of Iowa
leaders following Alf's recent speech
in Shenandoah, Ia., the politicos
were sounding him out on the vari-
ous candidates, and he remarked
that Hoover had his hat in the ring.
The leaders were amazed.
"He can't possibly be serious about
it," one of them said.
"Well, believe it or not, it's true,"
Landon replied. "He is not only seri-
ous but he thinks he has a very good
chance to get the nomination. He's
after delegates and quietly is doing
a lot of campaigning."
NOTE: At an Armistice Day gath-
ering in Topeka, Kas., Landon in-
troduced Senator Bennett Clark of
Missouri, leading Democratic isola-
tionist, as one of the most construc-
tive and courageous members of
Congress. Landon and Clark were
on opposite sides in the neutrality
fight, but Landon feels Clark dis-
played high courage in sticking by
his views when he knew it would hurt
his presidential chances.
Senator Burt Wheeler is certainly
trying hard to woo Townsend back-
ing for his presidential ambitions.
Latest issue of the Townsend Weekly
carried a three-column picture of
Wheeler conferring at Townsend
headquarters on "old-age pension
plans on Capitol Hill for the coming
year" . . . Senator Arthur Vanden-
berg has written friends in Nebraska
asking for suggestions for a state
manager for his Presidential cam-
The Philadelphia Chamber of
Commerce has appointed a special
committee of business men to bring
both national conventions to the
city next year. The Democrats met
there in 1936 . . . The plan of cer-
tain GOP insiders to control Corn
Belt delegations by pledging them
to Hanford McNider, ex-Assistant
Secretary of War and Minister to.
Canada under Hoover, is getting no-
where fast. Local Republican lead-
ers can't see the Iowan at all as a
presidential white hope including
those in his own State . . . One
casualty in the last local elections
was Mayor Dan Shields of Johns-,
town, Pa., whose strikebusting opera-
tions were probed by the LaFollette1
Civil Liberties Committee.j
This Collegiate World
Whether they're interested or not,
Westminster College men will have
definite domestic information about
the eop rs thev rdate.The women's
thus far not entirely complete for
furnishing group medical service.
Nov. 24: Staffs of the Libraries,
tuseums, Hygiene and Public Health,
Physical Education. Ertension, Michi-
gan Union and Michigan League.
Nov. 27: General administration, all
clerical employees (offices may close
at 4:10 p.m..or as required), Build-
ings and Grounds, Stores, and Dormi-
tories, and any others omitted from
Shirley W. Smith.
The Doctoral Examination of Miss
Edith R. Schneckenburger will be
held at 3:15 p.m. in the West Council
Room, Rackham Building, on Fri-
day, Nov. 24. Miss Schneckenbur-
ger's department of specialization is
Mathematics. The title of her thesis
is "On 1-Bounding Monotonic Trans-
formations which are Equivalent to
Professor W. L. Ayres as chairman
of the committee will conduct the ex-
amination. By direction of the Ex-
ecutive Board, the chairman has the
privilege of inviting members of the
faculty and advanced doctoral can-
didates to attend the examination
and to grant permission to others who
might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum.
Diploma Applications: Graduate
students who expect to be recom-
mended for higher degrees to be
conferred in February, 1940, should
place on file a blue diploma applica-
tion by November 25. These forms
are available in the office of the
Graduate School, Rackham Build-
Househeads, Dormitory Directors,
and Sorority Chapdrons: Closing
hour for today is 11 p.m.
Assistant Dean of Women
MS 43 Sec. 1 and 2: Students are
requested to see the training movie
being shown in Room 301 Engineer-
ing Annex at either 10 a.m. or 1 p.m.
on Friday, Nov.. 24.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: The best 100 posters
submitted in the 1939 National Pos-
ter Contest on the subject "Travel,"
sponsored by Devoe & Reynolds Co.,
Inc., of Chicago. Third floor exhibi-
tion room, Architectural Building.
Open daily, except Sunday, 9 to 5,
through Nov. 27. The public is cor-
Ehixibtion, College of Architecture
and Design: Drawings submitted in
the Interschool Problem entitled: A
Research Unit for Creative Art. These
represent senior student work at Cor-
nell University, Massachusetts Insti-
tute of Technology, University of
Michigan, University of Minnesota,
and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
Third floor exhibition room, Archi-
tectural Building. Open Friday and
Saturday, Nov. 24 and 25, from 9 to
5. The public is invited.
All Methodist students and their
friends are invited to tea at the
home of Dr. and Mrs. C. W. Bra-
shares this afternoon from 4-6.
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers: The regular luncheon meet-
ing will be held Monday at 12:10
p.m. in the Founders' Room of the
Michigan Union. All faculty mem-
bers interested in speaking German
are cordially invited. There will be
a brief informal talk by Professor
Henry A.-Sanders on, "Was macht em
Continued Fractions Seminar on
Friday afternoon, Nov. 24 at 4 p.m.,
in 3201 A.H. Prof. H. S. Wall of
Northwestern University will speak
on "Stieltjes Moment Problem- for a
Publicity Committee for Sophomore
Cabaret will meet at 4:30 p.m. Mon-
day at the League.
Finance Committee of Sophomore
Cabaret will meet at 4 p.m. on Fri-
day at the League.
Ticket Committee (Peggy Mayer's)
for Sophomore Cabaret will meet at
3:30 p.m. on Friday at the League.
Stalker Hall: Bible Class on Friday
night at 7:30 at the Church led by
Dr. C. W. Brashares. At 9:45 p.m.
the group will leave Stalker Hall on
a Roller Skating .party. There will
be a small charge which will include
transportation. Reserve at 6881 be-
fore Friday noon.
Hillel Class in Yiddish will not meet
on Friday, Nov. 24, as scheduled.
Conservative Services will be held
at the Hillel Foundation Friday night
at 7:30. Mr. and Mrs. Philip Sulli-
SEE IT ..
Card Display Blasted
To the Editor:
I will be seeing my last game this week, as a
student, and I would like to view it without
having to manipulate those damned cards.
My objections to the cards are: (1) What does
one do with the card while it is not being dis-
played? If you sit on it, you bend it; if you put
it under your feet, you trample it and soil it,
which leaves the only, possibility that of holding
it in one hand and knocking the hat off the
person in front of you while cheering the team
on to victory. (The person in front is usually
not too well pleased with this latter idea.) (2)
You are put in the card display section whether
you want to be or not. Thus, it seems to me,
that while you pay the same amount for your
ticket as the rest of the student body, it is actu'
ally not worth as much. Why this arbitrary
discrimination? (3) We are compelled to hold
the cards too long. If they were passed out
and the whole performance gone through with
at the first time-out thereafter it might not be
so bad, but cheer leaders, interested in the game,
forget the stands. (4) One derives no personal
sense of satisfaction from holding up a card. It
is not as soul-satisfying as a nice yell would be
in its place. In fact, discourteous cheer leaders
even forget to tell you what the cards form.
And what purpose is served by the card dis-
play? Obviously it does not aid the team; nor
does it inject enthusiasm in the rest of the
Michigan rooters, they cannot even see it. In
fact, if I surmise correctly, in a packed stadium,
it must be comprehensible to not more than 25,-
000 spectators. It seems to me that the only
purpose °of the card display is to communicate
with the visitors' section. What any one wants
to communicate with the visitors for, of course,
is a matter of mere conjecture. If I am cor-
rect in this assumption; then I suggest to the
halfvi xzrhnHiri rhf.of i h a ha s.-,. rnnn ra
This Week's Appreciation
To Eugene G. Grace, President of the Bethle-
hem Steel Corporation, who expressed a wish
that his company would never be called upon
to build another battleship or another gun. Ex-
cited persons have shouted loudly about profit-
eers and munitions makers being responsible for
wars and bloodshed-and indeed, certain indus-
trialists have not been entirely blameless. But
whatever their sins of the past, business men
on the whole have learned that the profits of
war are ephemeral.
P! rr - srsi -nnn r -naf