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ember, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939.40
Editorial Staff 4 J
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siness Mgr., Credit Manager
s Business' Manager
s Advertising Manager .
. Associate Editor
*Associate Editor f
.* Sports Editor
Paul R. Park
Ganson P. Taggart
. Jane Mowers
* Harriet S. Levy
NIGHT EDITOR: HERVIE HAULER
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
On War News * * *
A MERICA probably had as much
reason to be partisan in Europe's
war of 1914 as she does today. The war news
we received from Europe then came largely
throngh English censorship and it told of an
imperialistic state ravaging a small, weak by-
stander simply as a military expedient, of an
ambitious "robber" state leaping at the
throat of European democracy.' Yet in spite of
thseinflammatory news eacunts, Amnerica's
conscience resistd pro-British propaganda
enough for this item to appear in the Detroit
Free Press of 1914: "Detrot's contribution to the
relief fund of d'erman and Austro-Hungarian
soldiers killed in the war now stands at over
Need it be pointed out that today our news-
papers carry no such stories? Despite cries that
England and France are as much to blame for
World War, Jr., as Germany, the United States
as a nation believes that the "Allies" are fighting
a ,more justifiable and honorable war than is
Hitler. America does not want to read stories
that in any way favor Germany. Every day
that the "City of Flint" ywas receiving front-
page banner headlines you could find accounts
somewhere on the inside pages telling of British
seizures of contraband cargoes, of British tam-
pering' with our mail to Germany.
We in college share the pro-British outlook,
but with reservations. When we read the day's
war news, we feel a sense of pleasure at any
"Allied" triumphs. We feel that we are unable
to keep our heads ostrich-like in the strict neu-
trality sands, for we believe that there can be
no hope of peace in Europe, nor of quiet in the
world, nor of security for any of us, until Hitler
Yet always tempering our partisanship is the
knowledge that we in college are America's eli-
gible cannon fodder if there is a miscarriage of
our 1939 neutrality, apparently already built up-
on more unstable ground than in 1914.
We who are eligible cannon fodder cannot
trust our fellow Americans' peace intents-great
masses- of them may not have the same incen-
tive for peace that impells us. We youth can
be fairly sure that our pro-British inclinations
will not get out of control-It is our ruin if they
do, but what about those masses who will not
have to do the fighing? We have had assur-
anes from the manufacturers, guarantees from
Congressmen, avowals of newspaper publishers
that they do not want war, yet American ship-
pers are seeking to transfer the registry of their
ships because they want to send cargoes into
profitable, though dangerous, waters, and the
newspapers are guilty of innumerable unjustifi-
Knowledge of these saboteurs of neutrality
makes us who have the greatest reason for
opposing war ask: What can we youth do as our
share in keeping America neutral?
I say: We can help by ooking at the war
throtgh the prejudice of Our own interests.
Other controls on our pro-British tendencies
have been suggested. Senator D. Worth Clark
of Idaho has proposed that influential groups
launch' a smearing campaign of Great Britain
and France to equalize somewhat the appeals,
or nauseas, that Europe's war news has for us.
Others have suggested that we should strive to
make Americans analyze war news instead of
accepting it without question. If we could see
ao. apnth lne w enould s.for instane.
low them into war hysteria. We must exress
dfr f' lin s of resentment toward th& riaW of'
this business boomlet so callously couched in
blood, or of Poles marching as prisoners in Ber
in o of the Austriai Schuschnigg being beaten
to the point'of deatli4n a Nazi prison. :..
It is a time when we must look at the question
of war with our own interests in view, and -if-
anything can push us into war, these inflamma-
tory accounts; however true they may be, will
do it. It is up to us to counteract the pull of
these emotional writings, not by any smearing
campaign but by the weight of our own convic-
tions for peace.
If this is an egocentric, overly realistic view-
point, we need have no apologies for it. The- in-
dustrialist seeking war-boom profits is as selfish
as we; the shipper who fought the repeal of the
embargo was fighting for his own ends; the
Austrian house-painter who dreamed of becom-
ing a modern Napoleon thought more of himslf
than he did of the glorification of Germany.
Neither do we need to believe that our view-
point is cowardly. Unwillingness to fight may
stem from other sources than fear. It is not
unpatriotic of us to believe that our lives may
serve a greater, saner purpose than that of
passing as an infinitesimal cog in the preserva-.
tion of democracy in Europe, or in revenging
"City of Flint" incidents, or in firing shells from
which industrialists may draw profits.
"Youth has a need today to look out for itself.
We want to live our own lives. We want to do
a thousand things that war would delay or pre-
vent. We stand before a bookstore window and
look at the rows of books-new, intriguing books
we have not read-and ask ourselves: Is there
not reason enough for resentment merely in the
swift passage of time that allows us only a pit-
tance of the knowledge here distilled? There is
so much to do that we cannot tolerate the
thought of taking time out for war, much less
ending all in war.
It is these vague, intangible emotions that in
us are apt to argue more strongly for peace
than all the facts, all the logic. And it is just
these emotions that the masses who are not
eligible cannon fodder may not feel.
Too oftenoverlooked in the verbiage of debate,
in unimaginative statistics, are the personal, in-
dividual elements of war. The papers exagger-
atedly describe a "major air victory for the
Allies" and we jeer as the account tells only of
two German planes shot down. But there in
those skies over Saarbrucken two youths died,
saw all their untried strength-drain out.
Americans need to see that scene fully as much
as they do the printed words. We should give
our support to the students of Northwestern
University who are trying to organize college
youth and make it articulate. We should pur-
posely and conscientiously strive to impress upon
the non-fighters our own "human side of the
news," lest they forget.
By RICHARD BENNETT
The absence in this column of a review of
Fritz Kreisler's concert of last Monday evening
seems to have given rise to a startling number
of questions pertaining thereto and to have-
revealed a surprising interest in the problem
of musical coverage. Unfortunately the inter-
est appears to have been greater than the in-
sight; for it was hoped that the reader would
find the simple omission of a review more signi-
ficant than a whole catalogue of observations on
Mr. Kreisler's bowing, phrasing, intonation, and
the like. Anyone knows that there is nothing
more gratifying to a commentator than the op-
portunity to submit a 'favorable criticism of
an. artist's performance, either the performance
of one who for the first time stands before the
public to claim its approval or of one who has
merited and received that approval over a period
of years. When a review is entirely absent, one
of two alternatives must, therefore, have been
the case: either the reviewer was not present at
the performance; for his expectations were gross-
ly disappointed. The former was not the
A fortnight or so ago it was reported that Igor
Stravinsky is now. working on a new' symphony
in the sheltered recesses of Harvard campus.
On being queried about the character of his new
work the sometime composer of Le Sacre du
Printemps replied: ."It shall have nothing' to do
with life," and stated further that it would be
constructed only upon the classic forms of the
past. Mr. Stravinsky has for some time now
been moving out of the world of the real and into
the .world. of Igor Stravinsky; but never before,
has he announced so determinedly his credo of
vacuity. Is it not a little foul that an artist who
in an earlier period stood for so much that was
progressive and liberating should have with-
drawn from the world and man, the only normal
stimulant for any art, now that the way is
tougher going? This is not of the stuff great
men are made. Rather is it the way of pre-
cocious children offering great promise but
coming to nothing.
To all artists who are finding the forces of
despair and chaos greater than those of hope
and purpose; to all artists who are turning to
the past, to legend and the idealization of what
they suppose to be histoy to all: artists, in
short,who are no longer of a mind for keeping
company with the "poorest, the lowliest, and the
lost," I should like to submit as most happily
relevant Tagore's admonition from the Gitan-
"Leave this chanting and singing and telling
of beads! Whom dost thou worship in this
lonely dark corner of a temple with doors all
shut? Open thine eyes and see thy God is not
Robed 5.Alen "
WASHINGTON-Not all of the facts have
leaked out yet regarding the Admirals' bungling
of, the brand new U.S. destroyers built as part
of the Roosevelt big navy program.,
It is generally known that the destroyers are
top-heavy, but two other facts are not so well
understood. One is that on at least three de-
stroyers, the deck plates have buckled badly in
what is technically known as a "moderately
rolling sea." For this reason it has been nec-
essary to increase the weight of the decks and
thus make the destroyers even more top-heavy.
Second is a metallurgical defect in the rivets.
The Navy still insists upon using rivets in its
vessels, refusing to concede the technical ad-
vantages of welding construction. And because
of the defective rivets, literally millions of them
will have to- be replaced.
Of the 28 new destroyers now completed or
under construction, 20 are top-heavy. The
other eight are not far along in their construc-
tion and their design can be changed.
Reason for these construction boners lies in
the antiquated system of bureaus within the
Navy Department and the jealousy of certain
admirals who can't get over the fact that they
graduated at the head of their class at Annapolis
What happened was -that additional weight,
such as extra armor plate, was put on the de-
stroyers at high points, which brought their
center of gravity too far above the water. The
Bureaus of Engineering and Ordnance are sup-
posed to certify these weights, while the Bureau
of Construction and Repair makes the stability
calculations, which are very intricate.
In the case of the new destroyers, the three
of the private naval yards which were building
the vessels feared that the center. of gravity was
too high and pointed this out to the admirals.
The private builders even offered to submit the
center of gravity test to Gibbs and Cox, who are
private design agents.
The Admirals, however, declined the offer.
They decided that they could do no wrong.
Result has been (1) that lead ballast has toI
be affixed to the keels to keep the vessels from
rolling over in the water; and (2) Acting Secre-
tary Edison has given the Admirals a thorough
Admiral William G. DuBose, Chief of Naval
Construction, had claimed that the trouble was
an engineering defect, not a construction de-
fect. But Admiral Harold G. Bowen, Chief of
Naval Engineering, hotly replied that DuBose
was at fault.
So Secretary Edison has shifted Admiral Du-
Bose to the naval experimental basin in western
Maryland, where he can play with miniature
models of battleships. And he has shifted Ad-
miral Bowen to the naval research laboratory in
southern Maryland, where he can do more ex-
perimenting with ships.
Some consider it significant that Edison hasj
shifted the two to opposite parts of Maryland.
NOTE: Reason for the undercover campaign
against Acting Secretary Edison on the part of
some naval officers is the fact that he has finally
determined that he, and not the Admirals, is
going to rule the roost.
President's Birthday Fund
Eddie Cantor had a talk with the President
when he was in Washington recently, at which
time Roosevelt disclosed important plans for
changing his birthday fund.
The President said that he wanted to broaden
the aid to include all crippled children, not
merely those who had suffered from paralysis.
He, also expressed the hope that the work would
continue after he left the White House, and that
it was too important to be linked to one person
NOTE: Eddie Cantor originated the slogan
"March of Dimes" for the early stages of the
President's Birthday Fund, and Roosevelt has
always considered Cantor a sort of partner in
White House Diplomat
Inside the White House, plans have been dis-
cussed for the appointment of a diplomatic secre-
tary to the President. The tentative plan is to
attach a State Department official to the White
House staff to sift foreign problems, arrange
the visits of diplomats.
Real fact is that the President more and
more is his own Secretary of State. Many diplo-
mats now ask to see the President direct, rather
than Cordell Hull. To do this, they now have
to go through the State Department, where there
are delays and sometimes irritation.
- Suggested as the new diplomatic attache is
"Hugh Wilson, former Ambassador to Germany,
who has been cooling his heels in the State De-
partment rather unhappily ever since he was re-
callea from Berlin.
H.G., Wichita, Kas.-Ambassador Grew, in his
excellent work of bringing peace between the
Turks and Greeks at the Lausanne Conference,
waskassisted by G.Howland Shaw and Robert
Whitney Ombrie, the latter having been subse-
quently murdered by the military police of Persia.:
upon him the bonds of creation; he is bound
with us all for ever.
Come out of thy meditations and leave aside
thy flowers and incense! What harm is there
if thy clothes become tattered and stained? Meet
him and stand by him in toil and in sweat of
To the Editor:
COME TO DUST
Sheltered in the afternoon of bleak-
by the hanging clouds, we are stu-
men more prepared to overcome
of a world lacking in our prudence
even as we lack a fair idea
of that which passes on our spin-
* * *
Sheltered in the heavy red-brown
hull of Hill
fifty students waited in the warmth,
-and cold light,
to celebrate determination: "we
have seen men fill
themselves on war; nothing fell so
- fast as night."
Fifty in this spacious room
looked for thousands in the gloom.
There, in semi-darkness: blue light
twenty years deaf to call, heavy
to stir the mind to fear (one still
such weakness), and the speaker
his voice deep in the ceremony
(call it that,
because the absent with the fifty
For every six who died, one comes to
the huge hall echoes with the words
upon the handful gathered here
the watching shadows also have
their say, .
"man's memory now is short, his
words are small,
it's hell to know this just before
* * *
And so the thousands sheltered from
will revel the appointed day to
how well the wave of cheers will
stand in stead '
the spirit in its dismal way, for-
and all the surging, happy crowds
this year, the war and the eleventh
-Arviragus and Guiderus
'By Young Gulliver
'Today is Armistice Day. It mayF
very well be that Nov. 11, 1939, will
be remembered as the last peace-
time commemoration of the ending
of the first World War. Nov. 11,
1940, will perhaps be the occasion for
whipping up new fury against the
enemy who wouldn't stay licked.
During the past few days there
have been a number of incidents in
Europe and in this country which,
when they are added together, form
a pattern of very sinister implica-
Item One: The attempt on Hitler's
life in Munich. We cannot know,
as yet, whether the explosion was
caused by German anti-fascists, by
British agents, or by Nazis. Regard-
less of who tried to get Hitler, will
he use the incident as a pretext for
loosing relentless attack on Eng-
land? Will London be pounded to
pieces as Madrid was?
Paris Via Holland?
Item Two: The Nazi-Dutch inci-
dents. Is vHitler going to try to
smash through Holland to Paris?
In other words, do Item One and
Item Two mean that Hitler is going
to try to smash through to victory
this year? If so, what will the.
American attitude be?
Item Three: The furious redbait-
ing drive now going on in this coun-
try. On Thursday the Communists
held a meeting in Detroit and got
beaten up. The Detroit Free Press
account was like this: "As the fist
fights went on, a man identified as
Pat McCartney, president of the
UAW-AFL local in -the Plymouth
plant, and brother of the McCartney
arrested, yelled encouragement to the
veterans through a megaphone.
'Boys, you're doing a very good job,'
he shouted. 'This is one of the most
patriotic scenes I've ever witnessed
in this state. If we do have to go to
war we won't be bothered by these
rats in this country. This is onlya
sample of what .they're going to get.
The next time they try to- hold a
meeting we'll hang them to lamp
The matter of identifying Com-
munists once America enters the war
will, of course, be very simple. Every-
one opposed to our entry will be eli-
gible to be "hung to lamp poles."
SATURDAY, NOV. 11, 1939
VOL. L. No. 42
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Faculty, School of Education: The
postponed meeting of the Faculty will
be held Monday noon, Nov. 13, at
12 o'clock at the Michigan Union.
School of Education, School of Mu-
sic: Midsemester reports indicating-
students enrolled in these units doing
unsatisfactory work in any unit of
the University are due in the office of
the school, Saturday, Nov. 18. Report
blanks for this purpose may be se-
cured from the office of the school or
from Room 4, U.H.
Choral Union Mmebes in good
standing, who call in person, will be
issued pass tickets for the Kipnis
concert Monday, Nov. 13, between the
hours of 9 and 12, and 1 and 4. After
four o'clock no tickets will be issued.
Senior Engineering Students: An-
nouncement is made of a Civil Serv-
ice Examination for Procurement In-
Graduates in aeronautical en-
gineering. may be eligible for the fol-
lowing optional branches: Aircraft,
aircraft engines, aircraft instruments,
aircraft propellers and aircraft mis-
Graduates in mechanical engineer-
ing may be eligible for the optional
branches: Aircraft engines, aircraft
instruments, aircraft miscellaneous
materials, and tools and gages.
Graduates in electrical engineering
may be eligible for: Airraft instr-
ments, radio, and aircraft miscel-
Graduates in engineering courses
other than those specified may be
eligible for the aircraft miscellaneous
materials option only.
Applications for this examinationh
must be filed with the Civil Service
Commission by Dec. 4, 1939. Those
interested may examine the an-
nouncement concerning this position,
which is posted on the Aeronautical'
Engineering Bulletin Board.
Geology 1: There will be a blue-
book on Friday, Nov. 17. Subjects
included extend from "Exceptional-
Features of Stream Erosion" through
Choral Unio Concert: Alexander
Kipnis, Russian basso, with Fritz
Kitzinger, accompanist, will give the
third program in the Choral- Union
Concert Series Monday night, at 8:30
o'clock, in Hill Auditorium.
One hundred original cartoon draw-
ings from the Cartoonists' Group of
New York are being shown in the
west exhibition gallery of the Rack-
ham Building, daily except Sunday, 2
p.m. to 5 p.m., from 7 to Nov. 20.
University Lecture: Professor Ed-
ward H. Reisner of Teachers' Col-
lege, Columbia University, will lec-
ture on "Adaptation of the Danish
Folk High School to America Use,"
at 4:10 p.m. on Monday, Nov. 13, in
the University High School Auditori-
um. The public is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Dr. Arthur L.
Dad,, formerly Director of the Geo-
physical Laboratory of the Carnegie
Institution of Washington, will lec-
ture on "The Problem of Hot Springs
and Geysers," (illustrated by colored
slides and motion pictures) under
the auspices of the Departments of
Geology and Mineralogy, at 4:15 pm. -
on Tuesday, Nov. 14, in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall. The public is cor-
Freshman Round Table: Professor
Samuel A. Goudsmit, of the Physics
Department, will discuss the topic,
"Is Religion Compatible with Modern
Science?" at the Freshman Round
Table, Lane Hall, tonight at 7:30.
Disciples Guild will have open house
at the Guild House, 438 Maynard
St., this afternoon following the
Minnesota-Michigan game. Disciple
students and their friends are invited.
Try-Outs: Play Production and the
School of Music will give Mozart's
"Il Seraglio" the latter part of Jan-
uary. Vocal tryouts will be held in
Room 406, Burton Memorial Tower,
Sunday, Nov. 12, at 2:30 p.m. Contes-
tants are requested to -bring suitable
music wpich they are prepared to
Finance Committee of Sophomore
Cabaret meeting on Monday at 4 p.m.
at the League.
Botanical Journal Club meeting on
Tuesday, Nov. 14 at 7:30 p.m., Room
Studies in Morphogenesis:
Avenues of approach:
Observations on normal develop-
ment. James Merry.
Cdlchicine treatments. Beatrice
Treatments Vith growth substances.
Tissue cultures. Grace Hall.
Effects of environment. Roy Jervis.
American Chemical Society: Profes-
sor" G. "B. Kistiakowsky of Harvard
University will lecture on "En eetic
of Some Organic Compounds" in
Room 303 Chemistry Building at 4:15
p.m. Wednesday, Nov. 15. The meet-
Ing is open to the public.
International Center: Pictures In
technicolor of Hawaii will be shown
at the International Center illustrat-
ing a talk on Hawaii by Professor
Clarence Johnston on Sunday evening
at 7 o'clock following the regular
Sunday evening supper. Hawaiian
students are especially invited- to be
The Hillel Foundation is sponsor-
ing a lecture to begiven by rudwig
Lewsohn at the Horace H. Rackham
Auditorium on Sunday, Nov. 12, at
8:15 p.m. He will speak on the ub-
ject, "The Jewish Question-The An-
Reservations are still left for the
dinner to be given in honor of Ludwig
Lewisohn at the Michigan Union on
Sunday, Nov. 12 at 6 p.m. and may
be made by calling the Hille1 Foun-
Saint Andrews Episcopal Church:
Sunday, 8 a.m. Holy Communon; 11
a.m. Special Armistice Day Service
with address by Prof. Prestn W.
Slosson on "Moral Rearmament; 11
a.m. Junior Church; 11 a.m. Kinder-
garten in Harris Hall; 7 p.m. Student
meeting, Harris -Hall. Reports of
delegates to Michigan Inter-Guild
Conference. This meeting. will be
vitally important to future plans and
program of our group. Very impor-
tant that you be present. Refresh-
ments and entertainment.
First Presbyterian Church: 10:45
a.m. "Essential Christianity" will be
the subject of Dr. W. P.- Lemon's
6 p.m. Westminster Student Guild
will meet for a supper and fellowship
hour., There will be a panel. discus-
sion led by Dr. Lemon on "Religious
Unitarian Church: 11 a.m., "Justice
More Precarious Than Peace." Ar-
mistice sermon by Rev. H. 'P. l Carley.
7:30 p.m., "South American iend-
ship," Miss Ruth Wilson.
Disciples Guild (Church of Christ).
10:45 a.m., morning- worshi,- Rev.
Fred- Cowin, minister.
12 noon, Students' Bible Class, H.
L. Pickerill, leader.
6:30 p.m., a service of music, art
and poetry on the theme "Come,
7:30 p.m., social hour and refresh-
First Congregational Church:
104:45 a.m. public worship. Dr.
Parr will preach on "This World's
: 6 p.m. The Student Fellowship will
meet at the church for supper.
7, p.m. Professor- Leonard Gregory'
will give a talk, illustrated by rec-
ords, on "The Art of Listening to
Student Evangelical Chapel: League
Building Sunday morning; 10:30, Dr.
Goris will .speak on "What Is The
Sunday evening, 7:30, Dr. Goris
will speak on "Lessons from an An-
A social meeting will again be held
Friday evening at 8 o'clock at Lane,
First Church of Christ, Sceintist:
Sunday morning service at ."10:30.
Subject: "Mortals and - Immortals."
Gglden Text: II Corinthians 5:16.
Sunday School at 11:45.
Baptist Church:- 9:30, Graduate
Bible .Class. Prof. LeRoy Waterman,
the war want to pin anti-war senti-
ment on the reds, so that everyone
who opposes the war can be labelled
Intensification of- the war in Eur-
ope is of course gravy to the Ameri-
can warmakers. A "phoney war" will
not stir the Americans nearly so'
muchtas bombs dropping on London.
It is to be hoped that the war will.
But whatever develops in Europe
in the ,next few months; we in
America are going to see redbaiting,
"slacker" talk, and a general upris-
ing of those elements who feel that
America must eventually aid Eng-
land and France with men.
Item Four, might well be the at-
tendance of one hundred people at
the Armistice Day meeting in Hill
Auditorium. For if but one hundred
out of twelve thousand Michigan
The hysteria has begun. Why are
the Communists being persecuted?
Because nobody likes what Stalin
has done? That is surely not Brow-
der's fault. Because Browder has