'THIE MICHIGAN DAILY
dited and managed by students of the University of
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NIGHT EDITOR: ALVIN SARASOHN
The editorials published rn The' Michigan
Daily are written b members of The-Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
knd Civil Liberties...
EVEN IN PEACE time when the popu-
lace, issupposedly in a genial, ex-
ansive mood of tolera e,, the- deense of civil
berties is a difficult undertaking. In war time
id in the immediat& post-war years,. the task-
rsumes herculean proportions. That can be
.early demonstrated by looking back upon
)17-1 and the years that followed, a disgrace-
illy repressive epoch resultng from unmitigated'
ate, suspidion, and intolerance.
-In a frenzy of excessive patriotism, Congress
iaidted the Espionage and Sedition Acts. The
spionage Act of'1917 provided that anyone who
posed' the selective draft. or exhibited ten-
ncies of disloyalty toward the governmental
ar policy was subject to-a maxinum penalty of
.0,000 fine and twenti years imprisonment.
zless than a year this law was. strngtheab
r the passage of the Sedition Act which in-
eased the number of possible offenses. While
e Postmaster General proceeded to exclude
om the mails all publications tainted with an
iti-war feeling, the Department of' Justice re-
ttlessly pursued the acts' offenders. Approxi-
ately two thousand men and women were
jprisoned. All minority opinions, all dissenting
'ices were effectively suppressed.
Let us try to visualize the dilemma of a sincere
)ung pacifist in that strife-torn period. He
ay have been unalterably opposed to militarism
the proper means of attaining an objective.
he whole concept of mass murder may have
en repulsive to his creed of humanitarianism;
may have been unable to accept the reasons.
r man killing man, since he may have thought
ch an insane procedure would-ultimately result
man's extinction by man himself. He may
we feared that- war would fundamentally.
range the nature of his democratic Arica,
at a war economy might engender an auto-
atic, illiberal government. His opinions; if 'he
d the effrontery to utter them publicly, were
omptly declared t- easonable, Clearly and rr-
cably violations of the Espionage and Sedition
The very governihent, whose future growth
.d improvement had always been' so vitally
portant to him, sentenced . him to prison,
ssibly for twenty years; it would brook no
vergence from themajolity point of view. Not
en if its constitution had- nobly' promised 'free
eech! So we have the dismaying anomaly of
government prosecuting a wr "to save demc-
'y,' and at the same NniW igndring one of
mocracy's basic principles.
Oddly enough, even the U.S. Supreme Court,
ig hailed as the -"last; bulwark. of, personal
erties," submitted to war time pressures. The
rams, Schaefer, and Pierce decisions approved
implication the governmental abrogation of
Nor did this infantile policy cease with' the
r. Adult discussions of ends and means in
vernment . and- related social reforms were
rnly frkwned upon and actively opposed at
ery availble opportunity. The notorious alien
ids conducted throughout the U.S. by Attorney
neral A. Mitchell Palmer are an illuminating
ample. Alieis were deported upon a whole-
e scale, if' they had even so much as' fortui-
isly commuinicated with med who were sus-
ted of "subversive activities," a generalization
en to a varity of interpreta ions. These mass
portations nWavh *e meant thiat the cnvced
)By Young Qulliver
GULLIVER would like nothing better than to
stop talking about the war in Europe, but
as there are going to be people who think that it
is our job to pitch in and help the English and
French, Gulliver is going to keep on howling
Paul Chandler. did us a real service in this
Thursday's Daily editorial when he warned. us
against the "boys" (all of them, incidentally, too
old to join the Army) who. are beginning to use
words like "slacler." It would seem that we
have to keep pounding home the point that
young men simply do not want to go and die for
either the British Empire or Mr. J. P. Morgan.
And it would seem that we have to keep pound-
ing home the fact that the present war is an
imperialist war and that as such we want no
part of it The men who are saying otherwise,
the meri who say that this war is a war of
democracy or of Western culture against fascism
are all old enough to have lived through the last
world horror. Have they learned nothing from
the first World War? Can they honestly say
that there is anything which basically dis-
tinguishes the present'war from the last war?
THE plain fact is that we are simply not in-
genuous enough to be persuaded that Cham-
berlain and Daladier and their governments are
the political expressions of Western culture. If
they were, would they have helhed Hiter and
his barbarians into pwer? Would they have
yielded to him on every point? Would they have
attempted to provoke him into war with the
Soviet Union? Would they have actively col-
laborated in the annihilation of Spain, Austria,
Chamberlain and.Daladier are not the defend-
ers of Western culture. In fact, they are the
very men who pave the way for complete fascism
in France and England. They are not interested
in defending culture, they are not interested
in defending the progress of the human mind,
they are not interested in defending any ideal of
any sort. They are interested solely in maintain-
ing the present domination of the British Em-.
pire, with its half a billion subject peoples,
and the French Empire, with its forty million
There are a good number of men holding
important positions who are-going around these
days smirking whenever the word neutrality is
mentioned. "We don't want to be neutral," they
say. "We can't afford to be neutral. We've got
to help England and France win this war, and
if things get really bad for them, we'll have to
get into the fight ourselves."
A lot of these men are college professors. If-
they succeed in convincing enough young men
that it-is their duty to give their lives for Wes-
tern culture, or for democracy, or for humanity,
the blood of these young men will be on their
The thing isn't funny any more. It is a little
too late for us to wisecrack about getting chopped
up in Flanders, because the people who think
that we ought to are getting busy. They are
vocal, they have influence, and they have sup-
port from high places. It is time for American
youth to stand up and say as loudly as possible
that it wants no part of the present war, that
both sides are bandits, and that victory for
either side in a prolonged struggle will bring
nothing but desolation to Europe and bitter dis-
illusion to another Lost Generation.
By JOSEPH BERNSTEIN
This English movie is the story of dogs, sheep,
stones, men, and two lovers, in that order. Rare-
ly has there been so fine a film on the lives of'
shepherds and their dogs; even the wide and
rough moors of Scotland take part in the simple
story. Primarily it is the tale of rivalry be-
tween two sheep dogs: Black Wull and Owd
Bob. But more than that, it is the tale of men
herding sheep, their occupation,. warping their
lives, thoughts, customs.
McAdam (Will' Fyfe), the mas.ter of Black
Wull, is a finely acted characterization of a
vicious, scurrilous, yet understandable old man.
However, this is not the' movie of an individual,
no more than the Good Earth is, the story of
one Chinese peasant,. or Gypsies the story of one
Russian. The very smell of sheep and shepherds
is. brought ii. to make for a beautiful, unified
picture of the rural Scotch.
To The Victor is structurally well-made (direc-
tion by Robert Stevenson), and the photography
of the landscape; the running sheep, the magni-
ficent dogs, and the villagers is done with re-
straint and effectiveness.
If the producers had left it at that, it would
have been a more impressive picture. But un-
fortunately they seemedhto thirnk that the love
interest had to be brought in, and even went to
the naive extent of having the heronie "sent
forth onto the moor" by her drunken father,
But don't let this keep you from seeing the movie
at the League. Will Fyffe is genuine, the villagers
real, and the dogs, above all the dogs, are not to
vigorously against local manifestations of intol-
erance. Concerted action by other national and
student groups is equally important. For only
by effective gout) action can we moldd anuhlie
To Boo Or Not To Boo
To the Editor:
I noted a recent letter to you from C. B. du
Barry Campau, evidently a woman, admonish-
ing- all and various that they should on no ac-
count boo the Yale boys, when they arrive to
take part in the coming fiasco. Miss du Barry
notes with pain that other good teams have
been thoroughly booed within her span of mem-
ory, and she regrets this. But, she says, Yale
is different, and while. boos at Ohio and Iowa
boys are terrible, boos at Yale boys would be
horrific. Her chief reason for this clarion call
to. decency seems to be that Yale has only once
before ventured into these precincts, and that
they must carry away a good. impression of.
Michigan. Personally I'd rather have them see
us for what we are, but that's beside the point.
Miss du Barry,.Campau. also gives other less,
Now I, for, one, feel that Yale's prolonged
absence from these parts is legitimate cause for
a, resounding boo in itself. After all Michigan.
has been here quite a while.
Other reasons are still less plain. It can't be
on account of their foootball team we shouldn't
boo them, because anybody that puts a bet on
Yale without getting 20 points is strictly a sucker.
It can't be that the Yales are good looking be-
cause I've heard them called a lot of things but
never that. No, what Miss du Barry Campau
implies is that they have social. position and
that that entitles them to a no-boo bank holiday.,
They always taught me that the old families,
got that way by being there first when the In-
dians were being- robbed; Michigan Indians,
some of them, too.
Well, I am all for avenging the Washtenaws,
but I can see that there might be a difference of
opinion on that so let's have a compromise, Miss
du Barry Campau. I, and such gents and joes
as want to, will boo Yale whenever they trip,
gouge, knee, or kick Michigan. We will also boo
them for stalling, grumbling or arguing with the
referee. We-mayeven boo them just for the hell
of it if we're in a bad mood that day. Now you
on the other hand, need not boo AT ALL. You
can, and doubtless will, behave like- a'perfect lady
all afternoon. Honest; we won't care a bit.
Drew PedrSOM -
WASHINGTON-Real field mar-
shal of the Administration's fight
in the House for the neutrality bill is
that wily, potent little Texan-John
This fact isn't being shouted from
the housetops, but behind the scenes
it's a decisive reality.
More than 30 years of: service as a
Representative, capped by. several
terms as floor leader and Speaker,
have given the Vice-President a pow-
erful influence in the House, par-
ticularly among the old-timers who
run -the works. Floor Leader Sam
Rayburn is a Garner protege;
so is Representative Lindsay Warren,
brainy North Carolina parliamentary
Warren is slated to preside2over the
House when it considers the bill "in
the committee of the whole," an
astute move aimed to off-set the weak
floor generalship of Chairman Sol
Bloom of the Foreign Affairs Com-
Some White House advisers wanted
Garner to make a radio speech or
issue a press statement urging the
House to concur with the Senate on
neutrality. But he backed away
from this suggestion on the ground
that it would be resented and that he
could work most effectively by keep-
ing out of the limelight.
"I'm no shrinking violet," Garner
said with a mischievous. grin, "but
there are times to bloom and timest
not to bloom."
S- ver Lining
The President's conference with
the delegation of Senators and Con-
gressmen seeking emergency relief
for the 21 states hit by drought and
flood was very serious until just be-
fore they rose to go. Then, with a
twinkle in his eye, he remarked sol-
"I've been thinking, maybe I ought
to apply for some of this relief
money. You know, I'm a drought
The group looked at him in sur-
"I lost a large numberof Christmas
?trees in, the drought" that hit New
York State last summer," Roosevelt'
explained. "However, it isn't as bad
as it seems. As 'you know, it takes
seven years to produce a crop, and
these trees were newly planted. So
the loss wasn't as great as it might
havebeen if older trees were de-
"There's another silver lining to
that dark cloud, Mr. President," broke
in Texas' witty Senator Tom Connal-
ly. "If you've lost your Christmas-
trees, your enemies can't very well
call you Santa Claus any more."
Note: The delegation went to the
White House expecting to explain'
the details of the drought and flood
problem. Instead, Roosevelt not only
had allthe facts and figures atnhis
finger-tips but pointed out two
sources whee $25,000,000 was avail-'
able for relief purposes that his vis-
itors had completely overlooked.
War news has obscured a lot of
things in Washington, one of the,
most important being the investiga-
tion of. insurance companies being
conducted by a section of the Securi-
ties and Exchange- Commission;
The investigators are housed in a
second-rate apartment house, and
are doing their work so quietly that
about the only people aware of their
existence are the taxi drivers who
suddenly have dicovered that women
no longer peer from the apartment
Nevertheless the SEC economists
have just about finished a report
which will cause a big furore in the
insurance world. The investigation:
will show, in brief, that some of the
biggest insurance companies in the
country have been fattening on Negro
washwomen and domestic servants
for what is called "coffin money."
The SEC probers have made a
special study of this particular type
of poor man's insurance, known as
industrial insurance, and find that at
the end of 1937 there were over 88,.-
000,000 such policies in force in the
United States. 'Compare this with
the U.S. population of 130,000,000 and
'you will get some idea of how many
people, poor and middle class, take
'this burial insurance.
In seven states and the District of
Columbia, the SEC found that more
industrial insurance policies had been
sold than. the total population of
Last spring William. Parish, presi-
dent of Standard Oil of New Jersey
testified before the monopoly com-
mittee on a - bill to require oil pro-
ducers to get out of the retailing
business. Last week Sidney A. Swens-
rud, vice-president of Stanard Oil of
Ohio, appeared before the commit-
tee and a large part of his prepared
statement was practically word for
word. the same as Parish's, also a
written manuscript. Still ,unex-
plained is who prepared their state-
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIi
Freshman Round Table: "Boy and
Girl Relations" will be the subject
discussed at the Freshman Round
Table tonight at 7:30 p.m., Lane Hall.
Mr. Kenneth Morgan will be the
Hillel Foundation will have "Open
house" after the football game this
Graduate Outing Club: There will
be a meeting for the election of of-
ficers at 2:30 p.m., Sunday, Oct. 29.
All members are urged- to be pres-
ant, and those who have not paid
,heir dues should do so at this time.
Following the business meeting, there
will be a hike.
Junior Mathematics Club: There
will be a meeting on Monday, Oct
'30, at 7:30 p.m., in the Michigan
League to which undergraluate stu-
lents interested in mathematics are
:ordially invited. Professor E. W.
Ailler will speak on "Infinite Sets"
And Doctor W. T. Scott will discuss'
;he use of "Continued Fractions."
House Heads, Dormitory Directors,
md Sorority Chaperons Freshmen
,re invited to attend the Mu Phi Epl-
on formal musical on Nov. 1. They
may have 10:30 permission.
German Table for Faculty Members:
Ihe regular luncheon meeting will be
e!aeld Monday, Oct. 30, at 12:10 p.m.
'n the Founders' Room of the Michi-
;an Union. All faculty members in-
'erested in speaking German are cor-
lially invited. There will be a brief
nformal talk by Prof. Hanns Pick on,
.'Die politishe Lage der Schweize."
Physics Colloquium: Prof. George
Fl; Uhlenbeck will speak on "Proper-
pies of Gases at Low Temperatures"
at the Physics Colloquium on Mon-
lay afternoon, Oct. 30, at 4:15 p.m.
in- Room 1041 E. Physics Bldg.
1940 gaduates in Mechanical, Elee-
trical, ChemicalIndustrial Engineer-
ing, an(!,, Chemistry:
Mr. Atkinson of the Procter and
gamble Company will be in Room
348- West Engineering Building at
t o'clock Monday evening, Oct. 30,
:or the purpose of outlining oppor-
unities for college graduates. Pre-
liminary forms will be filled out at
It is requested that as many seniors
and graduate students as find it
ossible attend this group meeting.
Tau Beta Pi meeting Sunday, Oct.
29 at the Michigan Union. -Activities
are requested to arrive at 4 p.m.
"Sample of Science" tickets may be
obtained by members of the faculties,
of the Research C'ud, and of Junior
Research: Chib, for themselves and
members of families, on Saturday and
Monday, at* the following locations:
University Club desk, office of the l
Dean' of Engineering, office of the;
Dean of the College- of Literature,
Science, and the Arts.
There is no charge. The perfor-
mance is at 8 p.m. Wednesday, Nov.
, Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
The Michigan Christian Fellowship
will hold its. regular. meeting in the
Fireplace room of Lane Hall from
4:30 to 5:30 p.m. Sunday.
The Lutheran. Student Club will
have as its speaker this Sunday Ira
(Continued from Page ,2)
Hill Auditorium, at 4:15 o'clock. The
general public, with the exception of
small children, is invited.
M. *Smith, Registrar. The fellow-
ship hour will be from 5:30 until 6
p.m. when dinner will be served by
the ladies of Zion and Trinity Luth-
eran Churches. The parish hall is
located at Washington and Fifth.
Come and share in the fellowship
Disciples Guild,, (Church of Christ):
10:45 a.m., Morning Worship, Rev.
Fred Cowin, Minister.
12 noon, Students' Bible Class, H.
L. Pickerill, leader.
6:30:p.m., Prof. Dwight L. Dumond
of the department of history will
speak on "The United States and the
European Situation." A discussion
will follow the address.
. 7:30 p.m., Social hour and refresh-
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church,.
Sunday, 8 a.m. Holy Communion;
11 a.m. Morning Prayer and Sermon
by The Rt. Rev. Lewis B. Whitte-
more, Bishop of the Diocese of Wes-
tern Michigan, and Junior Church;
11 a.m. Kindergarten, Harris Hall;
'7 p.m. Student Meeting, Harris Hall.
Speaker, Bishop Whittemore. Topic,
"Ten Ancient Rules for Living," third
in series on Foundations of our Reli-
gion. Ypsilanti Y.P.F., guests. The
eight o'clock Communion Sunday
morning is a corporate Communion
and breakfast for students from
First Methodist Church: Morning
worship at 10:40 a.m. Dr. C. W. Bra-
shares will preach on "Wrestlers
With the World."
Stalker Hall: Student Class at 9:45
a.m. Sunday. Mr. Lawrence Vrede-
voogd will lead the discussion. Wes-
leyan Guild Meeting at 6 p.m. at the
Church. A group from the Drama
Club will present "The Whistle Blows"
for the program. Fellowship hour and
supper following the meeting.
Trinity Lutheran Church, Wil-
liams and Fifth, will hold its worship
services at 10:30 on Soaday morn-
ing. Rev. H. 0. Yoder will deliver
. Just about the worst way of achieving justice
is to throw in trumpets' and riding boots while
everybody sings "Ahunting we will go." Under
dictment and has
those. circumstances any-
thing that moves becomes a
fox and subject to suspicion.
Neither hounds nor human
beings judge the nature of
their objective very clearly
once they have worked them-
selves into a lather.
Of. course, I have the
Browder case partly in mind:
Earl Browder is under in-
been charged with using a
fraudulent passport. He should be tried on that
issue. Judging from some editorial comment,
there is a disposition to take him over the
jumps for the death of the Czar, the Ukraine
famine and the Russo-German pact.
I am amazed and puzzled by the fact that,
when one of my Connecticut neighbors put up
bail for Browder she was immediately summoned
before the Grand. Jury I trust that furnishing
bail has not yet become. a. crime.
I do not- know whether we, in America are
peculiar in our emotional habits about justice,
but it does seem to me that the American way
often demands that legal activity should be
something like a horse race. The district attor-
ney is supposed to get off to a. good start, but.
then he cancoast along comfortably for quite
a while. Nobody bothers until time for reelection
nears. At that point, he must be as busy as all.
get-out and come roaring down the stretch
whipping and lashing every inch of the way.
* * * '
There used' to be a society for aviators called
the Quiet Birdmen. I suppose there's no such
thing any more, and so I would like to havethe
title turned over to some group within the
machinery of law enforcement. I would like to
see a club of Quiet Lawyers or an association of
judges who never made a wisecrack from the
bench in the hope of earning a headline in the
newspapers. The latter society might find it
advisable to shrink its title somewhat. But the
thought remains. When law and melodrama
mingle Justice jumps out of the window. Or pos-,
sibly she is pushed or takes a false step on account
of her well-known astigmatism.
One of the troubles with spy hunts and drag-
nets and cleanup crusades. is that they actually
dissipate energy. In the beginning there' are all
sorts of noise and violence and convictions and
whatnot. Occasionally a few real offendersare
punished with the rest. But after a year or
less everybody is sick of the sport and goes back
to golf or Chinese checkers. Such innocent
people as were knocked down in the rush are
decidedly out of luck. It will take years before
anybody even thinks of' getting them out.
* * * -
Surely the years from 1914 through 1918 should
have taught us a lesson. Some of the gentlemen
who were harried as Reds in those days have now
Zion Lutheran Church, Washington
and Fifth Streets, will hold its wor-
ship services at 10:30 a.m. Rev. Stell-
horn will deliver the sermon.
First Congregational Church, State
and William Streets, Dr. Leonard A.
10:45 a.m. Public worship. Dr.
Parr will preach on "Mud Slingers and
6 p.m. The Student Fellowship vill
meet at the church for supper.
7 p.m. Prof. Howard Y. McClusky
will address the group on "Making
Friends on the Campus."
Student Evangelical Chapel: Any-
one interested in evangelical Chris-
tianity is cordially invited to attend
the Sunday worship services conduct-
ed by Dr. G. Goris, of. Grand Rapids,
in- the Michigan League. (See League
Bulletin Board for the assigned
At the 10:30 a.m. service Dr. Goris
will speak on:"A Friend of Deity."
The topic of the sermon for the
7:30 p.m. service will be "Wholesome
On Fridays at 8 this group- spon-
sors a program of social and recrea-
tional activities in 'the Fireside Room
at Lane Hall.
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter
Day Saints, Sunday school and dis-
cussion groups 9:30 a.m. in the Chapel
of the Women's League.
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
409 S. Division St. Sunday morning
service at 10:30.
Subject: "Everlasting Punishment."
Sunday school at 11:45- a.m.
First Presbyterian Church, 1432
10:45 a.m., Religious Convictions,
"Why We Misbehave as Humans" will
be the subject of Dr. W. P. Lemon's
sermon at the Morning Worship Serv-
5:30 p.m., The Westminster Guild,
student group, will meet for a sup-
per and fellowship hour. Dr. O. S.
Yoder,. superintendent of the Ypsi-
lanti State Hospital, will speak on
"Religion and Mental Health."
First Baptist Church, 512 E. Huron.
Rev. C. H. Loucks, Minister.
9:30 Graduate Bible Class.
Prof. Leroy Waterman, teacher.
10:45, Morning Worship. Sermon
topic; "God's Confessional."
12 noon, Student Round Table.
Discussion topic, "What About Pray-
6:15, Roger Williams Guild, in the
Guild House, 503- E. Huron. Freshmen
members have charge of the program.
Ann Arbor Friends (Quakers) Si-
lent meeting for worship at 5 p.m.
at the Michigan League. At 6 p.m.
a group will give informal reports of
War In The' Zoo
Was it Siegfried Bassoon who, dur-
ing the last war, envied the animals
of the London zoo their undisturbed
lives and regular feedings? No matter,
he shall have no successor this time.
The Regent's Park Llamas and
camels have been put to work in place
of the uhorses .needed by the army
and the trucks that are without gaso-
line-petrol, if you insist-because of
And Berlin has decreed limited
feedings for the animals of those who,
unlike farmers, cannot raise fodder
on their own acres This affects
teamsters' horses, the small house-
holder's cow and the little pig or two
that he may be fattening. Apparently
the Nazis are not preparing to wel-
come any returning prodigals. There
will be no feasts to celebrate the, re-
turn of the Tyrolese or the Baltic
Germans to the homeland.
Jobs Test To Be Given