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October 27, 1939 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1939-10-27

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

MICHIGAN DAILY

ART

,

r I

rI

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Stuadent Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University yearand Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4.00; by mail, $4.50.
REPRESENTED FOR NATIONAL. ADVER%.8ING BY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
Colege Pubdishers Representaive
420 MADIsoN AvE. NEW YORK, N. Y.
CHICAGO *"BOSTON LOS ANGELES - SAN FRANCISCO
-Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939.40

rA Petersen
iott Maraniss
an M. Swinton
>rton L. Linder
rman A. Schorr'
Ennis Flanagan.
hin N. Canavan
n Vicary
1 Fineberg

Editorial Stafff

.

Managing Editor
Editorial Director
. City Editor
*Associate,Editor
. Associate Editor
SAssociate Editor
. Associate Editor
. Women's Editor
. Sports Editor

Business Staff

siness Manager
t. Business Mgr., Credit Manager
)men's Business Manager ..
'men's Advertising Manager .
blications Manager

. Paul R. Park
Ganson P. Taggart
Zenovia Skoratko
. HJane Mowers
" Harriet S. Levy

NIGHT EDITOR: RICHARD HARMEL
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
only.
By Your Card
Are You Known . .
B YTHEIR identification cards shall
they be known. Not that the photo-
graphic reproductions .on the little blue paste-
boards serve to identify students. But rather
will the student be known, as far as his campus
consciousness is concerned by the number and
variety of punch holes in his card.
For it has become a custom, through many
years, to clip, punch or otherwise mutilate a
student's identification card to show that he
has voted in one of the campus elections.
Next Friday, .Nov. 3, the Student Senate will
hold its fourth semi-annual election to choose
16 new members. Inasmuch as the Senate was
established for the express purpose of present-
ing a cross-section of student opinion, it is neces-
sary that a large proportion of the student body
take part in this election, in order to make the
Senate truly representative of the campus.
The first election in the Spring of 1938 saw
1,709 students out to cast their votes; the second
election in the Fall of 1938 had 2,093; and the
election last Spring totaled a vote of 2,033. Ol
of a total enrollment of approximately 11,000,
there should be a larger number of students
exercising their franchise. However, outside of
a presidential poll, these votes have been larger
than any other all-campus showing.
To vote in the Senate election is a very simple
matter. Under the Hare system of proportional
representation employed, it is only necessary to
mark the ballots, in the order of choice, with the
numbers 1, 2, 3, etc. Voting boxes will be placed
at convenient places all over campus, so if you,
as students of Michigan, wish to make the Sen-
ate a body worthy of representing you, present
your identification card at the polls, next Fri-
lay, and cast your vote.
-William Ebner

By MARY McSHERRY
Pueblo Indian Art
"Objects of art" that satisfy the inherent love
of beauty in man are very pleasant pieces, and
pictures which offer exciting color combinations
and applaudable technique are also often stimu-
lating works, but art, real art, shows itself in
those pieces which not only have the exciting
qualities of form and technique, but which repre-
sent and present in their very being the civili-
zation which produced them. Such art-or its
duplications-make up the exhibit of Pueblo In-
ian art now on display at the Rackham Build-
ing.
Perhaps most indicative of the Indian culture
and life pattern is the evidence of rain symbols
throughout the display. Both the pottery and
the painting emphasize the Indian's dependence
upon rain for their life. Indeed were it not that
the Pueblos live in an arid land, the pottery
exhibit, the more interesting because the original
half, might well be lacking entirely, for a humid
country would make unnecessary the .need of
water storage jugs and would - also make im-
practical the use of food storage containers. As
it is, every one of the pottery pieces has a utili-
tarian purpose, a use clearly discernable even
to the twentieth-century eye, and each of the
many pieces is a well made, functionally de-
signed, beautifully decorated work.
Completely American, for the Spanish in,
fluence never made itself felt upon Indian art,
the pottery proves that the best art is that which
dwells closest to the life of its people. Made by
the Pueblo women after the designs inherited
from generations of potters, the work is possessed
of a remarkable vitality of color and motif.
Thunder and lightning, the seed and flower,
birds and animals, all symbols of rain and fer-
tility, are handled in a fashion so completely
natural as to achieve a very modern decorative
unity. The geometric, too, is frequently used, so
that if one did not know the age of the pottery,
one would be tempted to attribute part of the
design to the influence of the modern abstrac-
tionists.
But not only the. patterns and form of the
pottery catches our attention.,, The extraa-
gant use of color, and finish, which varies from
the dullest, almost raw look to the porcelain gleam
of the Santa Clara blacks, heighten the beauty
of this ware. Though the work of allsix pueblos
represented hold ones interest, that most likely
to claim praise for all virtues, design, color, util-
ity (that is,, clear utility), and finish, is the
pottery of the Acoma pueblo.
More difficult to criticize from the point of
technique-for these are reproductions-but less
difficult from the side of immediate appeal are
the water colors. Startling in the use of broad
color areas and exciting ir the extreme vitality
of subject matter, these paintings offer wide
contrast to each other and to the rest of con-
temporary art, while at the same time they form
a clear cut, united school and, indeed, proclaim
their modern feeling in every line-or perhaps
more clearly in every omitted line. For these
paintings are remarkable in their restraint: not
one line, one large, meaningless stroke, is per-
mitted. Full of many small patterns and deli-
cate designs, the pictures nevertheless have no
feeling of crowding. There is nothing cluttered
about the most peopled of the scenes. Even a
work like Awa Tsireh's "Circle of Women Dan-
cers" is balanced, dignified. And why? Because
the background is perfectly plain. Against such
a broad expanse, even the most intricate cos-
tumes, the most violent colors, seem quiet and
. well ordered
AS '3OTHERS

[feem ioMe
Heywood Broun
In spite of much breast beating by Borah and
others it seems to me extremely unlikely that we
shall be drawn into the war as a participant.

assuredly we should not stay out of the peace.
And at this moment a negotiated peace might
be achieved if only our nation were ready to
unite and assume our share of the responsibility
for the preservation of world security.
I am thinking, of course, of the immediate
creation of a living League of Nations with teeth
and spine and lungs and liver. This is the only
reasonable way in which the present conflict can
be ended. The only other alternatives are stale-
mate or victory after great destruction. And
either of these last two solutions would mean
nothing more than a truce in which the combat-'
ants moved out of the war of weapons back into
the war of nerves. Fear would be the certain
victor. It is not in the cards that it can be
conquered by any eventuality brought about
through gas and guns.
Most certainly I do not want to see Hitler or
Stalin emerge as the overloard of humanity, And
yet if the British and the French could unseat
the Fuehrer they would not even be as far as
first base in solving the international situation.
It would help a little, but not enough. There
are too many other Nazis. I do not think it
likely that the Allies can beat Germany into
abject submission. And if they did I am puzzled
to know what good would come of it. If Hitler
is minded to fight until he can dictate every
comma in the terms of settlement, then the war
will have to go on. Yet even if that is his pur-
pose, which I doubt, the fact should be brought
out and placed upon the line.
It is said that the pledges of the present Reich
are written in blood and water. But even that
argument strengthens the necessity for a settle-
ment to be underwritten not by the combatants
alone but by all nations. Without organization
neutrality is not only a negative but essentially
an ineffectual attitude. But already we have
seen a coming together of many countries, both
in Panama and at Oslo. It will be easier to make
a good peace now than a year hence, no matter
what the tide of battle. And so now is the time
for the call to go out for a conference of all lands.
The neutrals have almost as large a stake in
such negotiations as those nations which are at
war. Among the neutrals m lions stand under
arms and all the anvils of peaceful folk resound
with the hammer, the blows of feverish prepara-
tion. We prepare for war. Let us not take those
risks which are vital in preparing for peace.
The call to a conference might come from the
President alone or from Mr. Roosevelt in combi-
nation.with the Vatican, the Scandinavian coun-
tries and the nations of South America But
the United States can play no useful part in such
a conference if our delegates come in as Cook's
tourists intent on looking at the frescoes -and
then fading out of the picture. If there is to
be peace in our time all the contracting parties
must enlist for duration.
No cathedral of-consequence can be construc-
ted upon a cornerstone which is ambulatory. We
must come in as part and parcel of the edifice
and not function merely as kind friend and
severest critic. I do not think the call for a
world conference should wait upon receipt of
engraved invitations from the belligerents to
all the neutrals. The impetus should be ourst
The problems to be taken up would be of vast
complexity and difficulty. And yet it would
be easier and less bloody to break through them
than to pierce the Maginot or the Siegfried Line.
The task of settlement will not be lightened
by throwing into the gears the bones of many
millions. And let no American statesman or poli-
tician say, "What's Hecuba to us?" For weeks
the Senate has been concerned with debate as to
the relationship of America to the rest of the
world. We have not been able to shut out the
world problems. Indeed, I do not think that
should be our desire.
Let us move for world peace now, and then
let us do our share in helping to preserve it. We
will betray our generation and those who follow
after unless we say, "Here is the rock. Come,
men and . women of the world, and rear the
temple."
modern political development, based upon obse
vation of the experience of all countries, that
the first attacks upon democracy by those forces

determined on its complete construction always
take the form of denial or limitation of demo-
cratic rights to Communists, and that these at-
tacks then quickly extend to those who cooperate
in outlawing Communists, until nothing what-
ever is left of popular liberties or civil rights.
This technique for the destruction of democracy
was erected into a complete system under the
self-styled Anti-Comintern Axis', a system which,
since the break up of the Axis has been taken
over by the British and French ruling classes,
and is now very forcefully being propagated in
the United States . . . As for the Communist
Party, it is far from being strong enough to be
decisive in determining the course our country

,

Moreover, our opportunity
and our resolution to stay
out grow with the passing of
the days. And yet I fear
that we may make desper-
ately the same tragic blun-
der which we committed in
the last conflict. Indeed,
in large measure we already
have done so. We should re-
main out of the war, but

Drew PemmD#
Robert S.AlleR
WASHINGTON-One of the least
understood but most important feat-
ures of the neutrality fight is the
important undercover role being
played by Herbert Hoover.
Not for years has the ex-Presi-
dent been so active.hHis recent radio
speech and the similarity between his
ideas and Lindbergh's were only sur-
face indications of his extensive op-
erations. Hoover's friends in all parts
of the country tell of receiving tele-
phone calls, wires and letters from
'him spurring them to throw their
weight 'against Roosevelt's neutrality
bill.
Besides the Lindbergh speeches,
Hoover is credited with influencing
'at least two Senators and several
Congressmen to oppose the legisla-
tion.
How far Hoover has gone in his
behind-the-scenes war against Roo-
sevelt was illustrated the other day
' when he heard that the President
was considering the appointment of
Col. William Donovan as Secretary
of War in a coalition Cabinet.
Apparently this nettled the ex-
President. Why it nettled him, only
Mt. Roosevelt knows. However, turn
'back for a moment to Mr. Hoover's
house on S Street in Washington just
ten years ago.
Scene 1-1 929
'Hoover had just been elected Presi-
dent, though not yet inaugurated,
and one of the men who contributed
heavily to his election was Colonel
Donovan. A World War hero and
a brilliant, liberal lawyer, Donovan
was the mainstay of the Justice De-
partment during the Coolidge Ad-
ministration.
In the 1928 campaign, he was one
of Hoover's closest advisers, and be-
ing a Catholic and wet, he pulled a
useful oar against Al Smith. There-
fore it was generally understood that.
Donovan would become Hoover's At-
torney General.
After Hoover came back from his
goodwill trip to South America, it
leaked out that because he was a wet,
Donovan would not become Attorney
General, but instead would be Secre-
tary of War.
Finally Hoover asked the Colonel
to come to his S Street home. News-
,papermen waited outside, expecting a
cabinet announcement. When Dono-
van came out, he looked flustered.
"'Did he ask you to become Attor-
ney General?" they asked.
"No." '
"Did he ask you to be Secretary of
War?"
"No, we sat there rather embar-
rassed," explained Donovan, "and
finally he asked me what I thought
about the Philippines. I told him I
wasn't interested. By that time it
was most embarrassing and I left."
Scene' I-1939
Now, ten years later, with reports
current that Donovan at last might.
become Secretary of War, though un-
der a Democratic President, Hoover
called up mutual friends and com-
plained about Donovan's "ingrati-
tude." He further suggested that the
friends intervene with Donovan and
ask him not to take the job.
Justice Leaks
The Justice Department has been
double-checking certain subordinates
to find the advance leak about plans
to indict Earl Browder for using a
fake passport.

Frank Murphy was all set to move
in on the Communist leader Monday
when Representative Thomas let
loose his carefully timed blast on
Sunday wanting to know why Mur-
phy had been so slow in acting.
' There also may be a leak regard-
ing the tightening Justice Depart-.
ment net around William Pelley, head
of the Silver Shirts, and Bund leader
Fritz Kuhn. Federal fireworks will
break over their heads soon.
Steve Early's Luck
White House secretary Steve Early
at last has found a way to beat the
races-but he's trying to keep it a
'deep, dark secret.
Steve, who shares the general pub-
lic's delight in watching them run on
a brisk fall afternoon, has been be-
sieged by well wishers each with a
"sure thing from the feed box." And
each time Steve has bet on a "sure
thing" he has lost the proverbial
shirt.
So recently Steve decided "to hell
with the tips". When he goes to the
track he now buys his program and
racing form and picks them himself.
'And much to his surprise, Lady Luck
'has started smiling.
Biggest trouble now is trying to
convince his friends how he does it.
They are all certain he has some
source of secret information and want
to be let in on it.
Roosevelt Refugees
Behind-the-scenes resentment a-
gainst Roosevelt has been poorly con-
cealed amongthe International Re-
fugee delegates, now meeting in
Washington to settle the problem of

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

FRIDAY, OCT. 27, 1939
VOL. L. No. 29
Notices
Forestry Assembly: There will be
an assembly of the School of Fores-
try and Conservation at 8 a.m. today
in the Natural Science Auditorium at
which Mr Raphael on, Director of
the Lake States Forest Experiment
Station, U.S. Forest Service, will give
an illustrated lecture on "The Shel-
ter Belt Project." Students in the
School of Forestry and Conservation
are expected to attend and all others
interested are cordially invited to do
so.
Facnity of the College of Litera-
ture, Science, and the Arts: The five-
week freshman reports will be due
Saturday, Oct. 28, in the Academic
Counselors' Office, 108 Mason Hall.
Arthur Van Duren, chairman.
Mentor Reports: Reports on stand-
ings of all Engineering freshmen will
be expected from faculty members
during the 6th and again during the
11th weeks of the semester. These
two reports will be due about Nov. 3
and Dec. 8. Report blanks will be
furnished by campus mail. Please
refer routine questions to Jane Roll-
man, Office of the Dean, (Extension
575), who will handle the reports;
otherwise, call Prof. . A. D. Moore,
Head Mentor, Extension 2136.
Identification Pictures will be re-
Huired for admittance to the football
;ames from now on. Any students
who havenot obtained their cards
hould call atRoom '2, University
Hall, at once.
Presidents of Student Organizations
should report the names ,titles and
classes of all officers to- the Dean of
Students, Room 2, University Hall,
not later than Nov. 3. The following
is a list of student organizations as
now approved in the Office of the
Dean of Students. Any organization
which does not furnish the required
nformation in writing by Nov. 3 will
,e considered no longer in existence.
Any active organization not listed
.hould apply for official recognition
it once.
List of officers now on file.
All-Campus Peace Committee
Alpha Alpha Gamma
Alpha Delta Chi
Alpha Gamma Sigma
Alpha Kappa Alpha
Alpha Kappa Delta
Alpha Lambda Delta
Alpha Omega Alpha
Alpha Phi Alpha
Amer. Inst. of Electrical Engineers
Amer. Inst. Mining & Metallurgical
Eng.
Amer. Society of Civil Engineers
Amer. Society of Mechanical En-
gineers
America Student Union
*Anti-War Committee
Armenian Student Association
Art Cinema League
Assembly
*Avukah
Athenia
Barristers
Cercle Francais
Chinese Society of Chem. Industry
Chinese Student Club
Chi Rho Sigma
Christian Science Organization
Congress
Delta Sigma Rho
*Deutscher Verein
*Druids
Eastern Society
Engineering Council
Engineering Honor Committee
Eta Kappa Nu
F. F. Fraternity
Flying Club, U. of M.
*Forestry Club, U. of M.
Freshman Glee Club
Galens
Gamma Alpha
Gamma Delta
Girls Glee Club

Glee Club, Varsity
Graduate Club in Education'
Graduate History Club
Graduate Outing Club
Graduate Student Council
Hiawatha Club
Hillel Foundation
Hillel Players
Inst. of Aeronautical Sciences
Interfraternity Council
Inter-Guild Council
Iota Alpha
Iota Sigma Pi
Kappa Kappa Psi
Kappa Phi
La Sociedad Hispanica
Lawyers Club
Lawyers Liberal Club'
Les Voyageurs
Men's Judiciary Council
Metropolitan Clubs
Michigamua
* Michigan Christian Fellowship
'Mortarboard
*Mu Phi Epsilon
Newman Club
Nippon Club
Omega Psi Phi
Omega Upsilon
Outdoor Club
Phi Delta Kappa
*Phi Epsilon Kappa
Phi Eta Sigma
Phi Lambda Kappa
Phi Lambda Upsilon

Robert Owen Cooperative House
Rochdale Cooperative House
Roger Williams Guild
Rover Crew
Sailing Club
Scabbard and Blade
Scalp and Blade
Scandinavian Club
Scimitar
Scroll
Senior Society
Sigma Alpha Iota
Sigma Delta Chi
*Sigma Eta Chi
Sigma Gamma Epsilon
Sigma Rho Tau
Socialist House
Society of Automotive Engineers
Society of Industrial Lawyers
Students Senate
muomi Club
Tau' Beta i
Tau Epsilon Rho
Tau kappa Epsilon
Tau Sigma Delta
Theta Phi Alpha
Theta Sigma Phi
Toastmasters Club
*Transportation Club
Varsity 'M' Club
Vulcans
Wesleyan Guild
Westminster Guild
Wolverine Student Coop.
Women's Athletic Association
Wyvern
* Young People's Socialist League
Zeta Phi Eta
Ticket Sale:, Maurice Evans' Ham-
let:. Arrangements have been made
by the English Department to en-
able students to purchase tickets at
reduced prices for Maurice Evans'
"Hamlet." A limited number of tick-
ets for the evening performance,
Monday, Oct. 30, will be sold at $1.10
(the regular price is $2.75). Round-
trip bus tickets to Detroit may also
be purchased at the reduced rate of
$1.20.- Bses,' ill leave in, front of
the Union at 6p.m. sharp. .The pe-
foriance begin' at 7:30 p.r. sharp.
Women students will receive late
permission. After ,the performance,
buses will re-load at the Bus Terminal
on Washington Boulevard at Grand
.Riyet..
Tickets will be on sale in Room
3223 A . today from 9-12 and 2-5;
and 'on Saturday, 9-12.
House Heads, Dormitory Directors,
and Sorority Chaperos: Freshmen
ore invited to attend the Mu Phi Epsi-
lon formal- musical on Nov. 1. They
may have 10:30permission.
Women attending the Illinois
Game: . Women students wishing to
attend the linois Michigan game'are
required to register in the Office of
the Dean of Women. Aletter of per-
mission from parents must be in
this office not later than Wednes-
day, Nov. 1. If the student does not
go by train, special permission for an-
other mode of travel must be includ-
ed in the parents' letter. Graduate
women are invited to register in the
office.
Academic Notices
Oriental Languages 154: Students
in the course are asked to leave at
the office, 2021 Angell Hall, before
Saturday, all written work now 'due.
L. Waterman.
E.M.I.: There will be a review ses-
sion in E. M. 1 in Room 401 from
7 to 9, today.
Economies 54, Make-up Final: There
is to be a make-up final examination
at 3 p.m. Wednesday, Nov. 1, in Room
206 Ec. Anyone intending to take
this examination should see Professor
Peterson.
Concerts
Orchestra Concet: The University

Symphony Orchestra, Thor Johnson,
Conductor, with Mabel Ross Rhead,
pianist, as soloist, will give a con-
cert Sunday afternoon, Oct. 29, in
Hill Auditorium, at 4:15 o'clock. The
general public, with the exception of
small children, is invited.
Todays SEvents
Scabbard and Blade: F-4 will meet
in the lobby of the Union promptly
at 7:15 tonight, and go to the Field
House in a body. Everyone must
be present at this ceremony. Bring
sabers. Uniforms required. Please
be prompt.
Suonti Club: There will be a meet-
ing this evening, at 8 p.m.
o'clock in the Upper Room of Lane
Hall. Come and enjoy'folk dancing
and a HalloWe'en party.
Tree Planting: A burr oak will be
planted by the Land Utilization Con-
ference in honor of President James
B. Angel between Alumni Memorial
Hall 'and the, Romance Language
Building at 11:45 a.m. today.
The tree will be presented to
the University by Sen. George P.
McCallum and accepted in its behalf
by President Alexander G. Ruthven,
All Interested are cordially invited to

SEE IT

4 4, 4

Poo

I

s

The first three months of a new school year
should be joined into one month to be called
"Football," for this is the season of the year when
the gridiron sport rules supreme. Reigning
supreme right along with it is the football pool-
and collegians and non-collegians by the thous-
ands are, spending thousands every week in
them.
Editorial campaigns are beginning to appear
in many college newspapers against these rackets,
and we pass on to you the particularly timely
advice from the Daily Northwestern:
"Perhaps you've heard that it's pleasanter (and
cheaper!) to learn by another's experience than
by your own. Take the advice, then, of luckless
students who in past years have dropped their
hard-earned dollar in the football lotteries racket.
You can't win.
"The odds stacked against you are five to 25
times the odds conceded on the ticket. That's
a tremendous profit for your bookie right there.
But even should you hit the jackpot, the chances
are excellent that you couldn't collect. Profes-
sional gamblers have a way of vanishing into the
atmosphere when a 'sheep' happens to crack the
odds. Send the tempters on their way."
--Associated Collegiate Press
Let's not discount Herr von Ribbentrop too
quickly. Remember he used to be a champagne

Browder Arrest Attacked
To the Editor:
The arrest and indictment of Earl Browden,
General Secretary of the Communist Party of
the United States, puts before America the issu f
of preserving our civil liberties, and staying out
of the Imperialist war now going on in Europe.
There can be little doubt that this move is
an act of political persecution. As the New York
Herald-Tribune wrote, "Mr. Browder's indict-
ment marked a climax of resentment against
the Communist Party." This statement was
withdrawn. Browder commenting on the case
said, "The legal absurdity of the proceedings is
revealed by the fact that even the reactionary.
Hoover regime, which had this alleged case when
it was fresh, ten years ago, decided there were
no grounds for prosecution. Now it is warmed
over, so that it appears my so-called crime is
traveling under my own name. Even traveling
under an assumed name, which I have not'done
in many years, is a custom on the highest Ameri-
can social circles, and one could imagine the
consternation in high society if it should be
established as a crime."
This attack upon the Communist Party and
the Young Communist League comes at a time
when powerful forces in our country, the em-
pire of Big Business, are geared to the Chamber-
lain-Daladier axis, and are attempting to drag'
America into the war to reap an even greates
flood-tide of war profits and new areas of im-
perialist domination. It is precisely because the
Communist Party of all countries are the only
ones who are consistently working for peace that
the Fascist dictatorship in Germany had to out-
law the Communist Party and imprison and
execute its leaders before they could carry out

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