THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Should America Mediate The War?
An Analysis Of Motives And Means
Edited and managed by students of the University of
chigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
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CHICAGO BOSTON LOS AGELe P-SAN FRANCISCO
'ember, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
By ELLIOTT MARANISS
THE STUDENT Senate has laid before the
campus a question that is central to the prob-
lem of American neutrality: Should America
take steps at this time, in collaboration with
other neutral nations, to mediate an early con-
clusion to the war now going on in Europe?
What lends particular urgency to this ques-
tion at the present moment is the declared will-
ingness of one of the belligerents to cease hos-
tilites. This willingness at first gives pause. For
why does Hitler, the rationale of whose politico-
economic system is incessant aggression and
territorial plunder, enter a plea for peace at this
juncture of history? The answer is formidably
simple. For such a war-machine as Hitler's,
based on rickety and impoverished resources,
the easy victory is the only victory possible. But
Hitler's most recent act of aggression has proved
to be his last easy victory.
Available to him in Europe no longer are
single, isolated, defenseless nations to be preyed
upon. The North, the East, and the Southeast
are closed to him; for while the Russians are
letting him talk about the great help they are
going to give him, every day it becomes clearer
that Russia is constructing a great defensive
barrier from the Baltic to the Black Sea. And
on the West, of course, he is confronted not mere-
ly by a defensive barrier, in the shape of the
Maginot fortifications, but also by great armies
capable of subduing him, by great armadas ca-
pable of strangling hiseconomy. The conquest
of Poland has opened up to Hitler no opportuni-
ties for further conquest. On the contrary, in
reaching out for "Lebensraum," Hitler has set
loose tremendous realignments and repercussions
that he had never reckoned with; he has thereby
secured for himself European living-room that
fronts on dead end.
Both Sides Imperialistic
At the same time it has become indisputably
clear, despite the sonorous pretensions of the
British and French governments, that the Allies
are simply fighting to crush a rival imperialism.
This has not been a war in defense of hapless
Poland, and this is not a war for the destruction
of the fascist system. Virtually without a .hand
being lifted in her behalf, Poland has been aban-
doned to the Nazis, just as Czechoslovakia was.
As for Chamberlain's outcries against Hitlerism,
they signify at bottom merely that a German
dictatorship under Adolf Hitler is intolerable.
but that a dictatorship under Goering or any-
one else willing to submit to the domination of
British imperialism would be acceptable.
In the final analysis the Anglo-French bloc
is prosecuting the war solely in order to subject
Germany to another Versailles. In the prosecu-
tion of this war the peoples have had no voice;
the formulation and execution of the war policy
of the Allies has been monopolized by imperialist
cliques for their own ends. So that this is no
people's war, and there is no opportunity for
its becoming such a war. Chamberlain and Dala-
dier, far from desiring to free the people of Ger-
many from the yoke of tyranny, have seized up-
on the pretext offered by the war to unleash a
wave of regimentation and repression within
their own countries that is rapidly assuming di-
mensions of undemocratic rigour, of fascist dic-
tatorship that equal Nazism itself.
Early Peace Is Best
It becomes increasingly evident that an early
peace is in the best interests of the people of
Europe. For it will bring to a close a robber war
that would, if continued, precipitate further in-
ternational injustice and instability; it will save
millions of lives; it will help to save English and
Equally does it become manifest that Amer-
ican mediation with a view to such a peace is
both within the purview of our national respon-
sibility and in the immediate interest of our
peace and security. It is a hallowed tradition in
international law and when either belligerent
in a war indicates a desire for an armistice, it
is the humane duty of the neutral nations to
take the initiative in proposing peace. It is sig-
nificant, furthermore, that American leadership
in a peace conference at this time will facilitate
American insistence on an equitable settlement.
Finally, terrific acceleration here of the pres-
ent assault on civil liberties and on living stan-
dards, of the drive of propaganda and pressure
for involvement in the war, can be anticipated
as a certain consequence of continuing the pres-
ent conflict. The longer the war drags on, the
more successful will grow the attacks on our
Bill of Rights, the more overwhelming will grow'
the forces working for American participation in
the slaughter. To preserve our democratic way
of life and to assure our remaining at peace,
America must accept her opportunity to mediate
an early conclusion to the war.
on L. Linder
aan A. Schorr
A City Editor
. Associate Editor
t, Business Mgr., Credit Manager
men s Business Manager
omen's Advertising Manager .
Paul R. Park
Ganson P. Taggart'
Harriet S. Levy
NIGHT EDITOR: HELEN CORMAN
The editorials published in The Michiigan
daily are written by members of The Daily
taff and represent the views of the writers
One Generation * *
URS has been frequently labeled "the
' .7 lost generation." Reared for the
most part in a depression economy, faced now
ith a devastating ware of international scope,
we may indeed deserve that classification. We
*ho are in college may feel' that our own status
may be favorable' enough to hold some little
lope for the future.., But what about the three
pillion unemployed between the ages of 16
and 24? Surely their plight is appalling.
' John Chamberlain, writing in the October
Survey Graphic, poses the problem of this
sizable group. He points out that the Civilian
conservation Corps and the National Youth
Administration have provided relief for a
,ertain proportion of these persons. But their
gontribution is obviously only a temporary and
partial solution. Mr. Chamberlain makes use
of the 1936-37 survey of the American Youth
Commission in Maryland, which found in
4eneral a disheartened, apathetic youth. This
widespread indifference was assumed to be due
to observed limitations on educational and voca-
tional opportunities by an individual's economic
4ond tions. For example, lack of funds forced
many out of school. Lack of an adequate educa-
*on, in turn, limited the type of job these young
persons might secure, as well as the speed of their
advancement. It often meant no job at all, or
m1erely spasmodic, unskilled, seasonal employ-
ment. This least privileged class usually pro-
duces proportionally more children than any
other group. Thus the evil is perpetuated in a
z To lessen these inequalities, the Commission
recommended "more effficient educational, vo-
eational and recreational opportunities for all
youth," an unfortunately vague generalization.
-ducators must reduce these abstractions to con-
e rete reforms. As one possible improvement, the
establishment of high school vocational bureaus,
designed to give intelligent and comprehensive
vocational information and aid, merits consid-
eration. Constructive action along many fronts
The desructive potentialities of three million
jobless youths are tremendous, since they might
well produce at some time what Philip LaFollette
has called a social "explosion." Idle youth, you
will remember, invariably formed the front-
guard for Fascism in Europe. A similar de-
velopment is not an impossibility in the United
States. For in sheer desperation this unem-
ployed group may conceivably accept any sort of
fantastic economic panacea. If we are interested
in building up a positive, dynamically attractive
democracy, we cannot long ignore the serious
challenge of their problem.
Of ALL Things!...
By MORTY Q-
By J. E. G.
In many ways the seventeenth an-
nual show of the Ann Arbor Art As-
sociation, on exhibition in the galler-
ies of Alumni Memorial Hall untilt
October 25, is typical of all such "lo-
cal" shows but a rather large groupI
of very competently done water col-t
ors and several well painted oils lift,
the level, the total effect, consider-I
ably above that of the run of such t
shows. There is an appropriate num-
ber of "municipal" genre paintings,
to-be-expected flower pieces, and
potpouris of sky, water and beach,
the over ambitious displays of imita-
tive and unassimilated technique, ab-
stracttions from which no sort of sig-
nificant form emerges from the dis-
organized masses of color. All of
these we expect to see, to be indul-
gent with, because they are done by
our friends (by extension) but it is
genuinely surprising and pleasing to
discover that a number of these
"friends" are doing intelligently con-
ceived and well-executed work.
The show is rather heavily weight-,
ed on the side of the water colors.-
The bulk of the prints and sculpture,
although technically well done, are
pretty pedestrian and uninspired.
There are not many oils but this is
to be expected, of course, since Ann
Arbor's few "masters" are primarily
interested in water colors. There are
three notable deviations from the
water color theme. Margaret Brad-
field's two portraits in oil, "Rest"
and "Mediation" are conventional in
treatment and color but in both she
succeeds in capturing the feeling of
arrested motion that is the particu-
lar forte of the portrait artist. In
both fact and figure her. portraits
are sensitively treated, a sensitivity
which a redundancy of elements in
the background does not dissipate.
Jean Paul Slusser's oil, "Catastro-
phe" is a fine study in the disciplin-
ing of a narrative subject under the
compulsions of composition and col-
or. It is primarily a study in moving
forms but the representational ele-
ment emerges enough to make it
something more than an abstraction
without at all obtruding.
Both Miss Bradfield and Mr. Slus-
ser also contributed some of the best
water colors of the show. Mr. Slus-
ser's "Under Construction", a study,
as its title indicates, of a building
under construction, shows an able
treatment of solid masses in a me-
dium that, carelessly used, imparts
a translucency to all solid areas of
color. Miss Bradfield's best water
color is her "Farmyard" in which
her treatment of detail and strong
use of color is particularly notable.
Margaret Hittle Chapin's three
water colors are not only well painted
but show a clever use of color. Her
"Cottage Bedroom" is a rather con-
ventional treatment of a convention-
al subjectsbut her sparing use of
small areas of striking color gives
them an almost epigrammatic qual-
ity. Edward Calver's "Calvinism"
stands out for its intelligent simpli-
city and restraint in a show that is
not particularly notable for these
Only Avard Fairbank's "Champion
Percheron Stallion" of his three
pieces in the show is free from sen-
timentality and a general lack of
inspiration. Of the prints, Alexan-
der Valerio's two lithographs are the
most pleasing with their smooth and
skillful treatment of lights and
It Seems T o Me
By Heywood Broun
A short dispatch in the newspapers
the other day said the American cor-
respondents were going up to the Bri-
tish front along the West Wall.
This had a nostalgic note for me.
My first trip up to the line last time
was with the British. This was
early in the summer of 1917. My cre-
dentials came only a day or so be-
fore the newspaper party was sup-
posed to start, and the job of making
myself look like an officer on short
notice was difficult.
There wasn't time to have any-
thing run up on the machine, so I
went to a French store, called Gal-
eries Lafayette, and explained to a
young lady that I wanted to look
like an officer, in a hurry. Although
her English was flawless, she still
seemed puzzled. Finally, with the
help of everybody in the store, a
burnt sienna tunic not unlike a smock
was dragged out from the back of a
shelf. The girl said it would look
better under a Sam Browne belt.
* *1 *
Next they brought out riding pants
and puttees made of some composi-
tion approximately leather. They
failed to sell me spurs. With those
pants I could hardly sit in a chair,
much less on top of a horse, even if
an amiable one could have been dis-
But my moment of triumph was to
come. The headquarters where I was
instructed to report was in Amiens.
Here was only one other newspaper-
man present, and the English offi-
Wherein Mr. Q. spends a few days with his
boss from Chicago and sets down a few notes:
WEDNESDAY: ... to the Union in the morn-
ing to check on a room-reservation for the
Minnesota week-end . . . surprised to find they
are booked solid with a long waiting list.. .same
thing at the League and the Allenel .:. Mr. Ryan
not in yet. . . down to football practice at 4; glad
when a stocky, good-looking gent ups to intro-
duce himself as Jack Ryan from the Chicago
Daily News.. .delighted with his amazing store
of sports anecdotes and his seemingly endless
amount of information.. .talking to John Ni-
cholson, limbering up after a few days inaction,
assuring us he'll be in there (see front page) - -
. and the One Man Gang, who is hilariously in-
terested in Mr. Ryan's spirited regards from
Black Pete Lisagor . . . newsmen are rolling in
the aisles when Wally Weber, he of the Webster-
ian complex, starts telling of his proposed trip
to Los Angeles, where he is to scout the Illinois-
Southern California game ... Wally insists he
won't pay any attention to the cinemainas, at
which point he is needled off the field Jack
impressed with the zip and pepper of the boys
... remarks that Iowa doesn't stand a chance
(see front page) .. . to the locker room, where
he meets some of the boys and talks to Captain
Archie to get some dope for a planned feature .
. Kody, with his boyish modesty and ever-pres-
ent grin, makes immediate hit . . . speaking to
Clarence Munn about Arch, Jack is told that
he (Munn) never handled a more willing, eager-
to-learn, and conscientious boy . . . "he's the
greatest offensive center I've ever seen," says
Clarence ... in the coaches' locker room, where
light talk and stories are accompaniment to the
undressing . . . Jack tells story about Wily Bob
Zuppke, who has been moaning .because of the
lack of speed on the Illini squad. At the rail-
road station last week to embark on the trip
to California, the group was 10 minutes late-...
cracked Bob: "you see, they're so slow they can't
even catch a train" ... to the Union where Coach
Crisler invites Jack and Mr. Q to join them at
the training table for dinner . .. delicious meal
. .. interested to see how worried coaches were
about the Hawkeyes (see front page) . . . to
Jack's room for a little gab and home to a book
and a bed-...
THURSDAY: met Jack at 9:30 . . . down to see
Wally Weber about some Chicago freshmen
on his squad . .. Wally all excited about his ap-
proaching departure . . . upstairs in the Admin-
istration Building for a short chat with Phil Pack
and arranged for press-box seats ... an after-
noon tour of campus high-spots with Jack
amazed at such show-places as Law School and
Rackham Building . . . Mr. Q. once again re-
minded that it is hard to surpass the thrill one
receives standing in the dark Rackham Audi-
torium when the star-set lights appear in the
sky-like ceiling . . . down to practice again and
lock.r-rnom talk with Fred Trosko. who is so
season about over, Carmichael, meeting Stern
at a fight, inquired how he liked the book .. .
(Bill asked Mr. Q. not to print his reply) ... to
dinner with Jack and Mel Fineberg . . . a Union
steak is one of Ann Arbor's more pleasant things-
to-be-remembered. . . Norm (Madcap)nPurucker
joined later and down to show Jack some of the
local bistros .. . home and waking up "The Brain"
(Maraniss) to remind him he had only six more
hours to sleep ...
FRIDAY: To Prof. Waldo Abbot's broadcast-
ing class where Bill Stern answers a few
questions. . . Class gets big laugh when Profes-
sor Abbot remarks: ". . . we all have heard your
broadcasts and seen you in your shorts . . ." Sat
in on Mel's sportcast over WMBC with Stan
Swinton and a chap named Tom Harmon . . .
sources close to the coaching staff say they be-
lieve this Harmon fellow may develop into a foot-
ball player . . . home to sleep for three hours
. . . with Jack, Purucker and Roy Nelson, ace
cartoonist of the Daily News, here to do a cari-
cature of the coaching staff, for dinner again in
the Union dining room . . . (Mr. Q. would like
someone to remind him to vote for Colonel Knox
should he ever run again) . . .
SATURDAY: . . . to the stadium and the press
box with Jack at 1:304. . . newsmen stunned
as Iowa scores first ., . . more stunned for the
remaining 56 minutes of the' ball game as Tom
Harmon goes on a wild rampage, assuring him-
self a place on every All-American . . . every
writer's lead in his final story went something
like this: "Tom Harmon, Michigan's great power-
house halfback, sent Iowa's dazed and battered
Hawkeyes back to the tall corn country today,
having personally accounted for four touch-
downs and three conversions, virtually clinch-
ing his All-American berth, as, etc . . ." With
all due respect to Tom, who will take his place
as one of the Big Ten's all-time greats, too little
credit is being given to Joe Savilla, who set up
three of the scores with his blocked kick and
fumble recoveries, and to "One Man Gang" Eva-'
shevski, whose blocking and fierce line-backing
was one of the high points in the game .
Evie is one of the greatest quarterbacks in the
country . . . Jack off for Chicago at 4:45 . . .
Introduced Mr. Q. to Major Griffith, boss of the
Big Ten, who thought the Wolverines were a
great team . . . game was noticably cleaner
than the State affair last week with none of
the elbowing and roughing that the Spartans
used . . .
NOTE of approaching mayhem: Harvard, 61-
Chicago, 0 . . . Coach Crisler is thinking
about sending the debating team up for the game
instead of the grid-men . . . the Maroons will
have a tough time trying to prove mind over
the Michigan football matter . . .
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 3)
day afternoon, 2-5 p.m., Oct. 15 and
An Exhibit of Southwest Indian
Pottery and Painting will be shown in
the Central Galleries, on 'the Mez-
zanine floor, of the Rackham build-
ing. The exhibit will be open daily
American Chemical Society. Dr. G.
E. F. Lundell, Chief of the Chemistry
Division, U.S. Bureau of Standards,
will lecture on "Chemical Analysis,
its Services to Science and Industry,
its Problems, and its Role in the Fu-
ture" at 4:15 P.M. on Thursday, Oct.
19, in Room 303, Chemistry Building.
The lecture is open to the public.
Eta Kappa Nu: There will be an im-
portant meeting tonight at 7 p.m. at
Those wishing to eat in a group
will meet in the lobby of the Union
;afeteria at 6:30. Those graduates
who are members of Eta Kappa Nu
and all members of the Electrical
Engineering faculty are cordially in-
vited to attend.
Mimes Meeting: There will be a
Mimes meeting tonight at the Mich-
igan Union, Room 316, at 7:30 p.m.
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet for hiking, bicycling, and a pic-
nic supper today. All graduate stu-
dents interested in these activities
are invited to meet at the northwest
entrance of the Rackham Building
at 2:30 p.m. Those who wish to be-
come formal members of the
club may pay their dues at this
meeting. Deposits should be made
at this time also for the annual out-
ing at Camp Takona, which will be
held on Oct. 20, 21.
The Lutheran Student Club will
meet at Zion Parish Hall, 309 Wash-
ington St., today at 5:30 p.m. There
will be a fellowship hour from 5:30
to 6:00 when a dinner prepared by the
ladies of the church will be served.
Prof. Bennett Weaver of the English
department will be the speaker for
the evening. All are invited to join
Hillel Foundation will hold a con-
cert at the Foundation tonight at
8:00 p.m. 'The program of recordings
includes the G major symphony by
Mozart (JIupiter), The Sorcerer's Ap-
prentice by Dukas, and the D minor
symphony by Cesar Franck.
Monday, October 16: 7 o'clock. Mov-
ie Night. "Our State"-"Michigan,
the Land of Hiawatha"; "The
Wonder Isle"; "The Michigan Mit-
Tuesday, October 17: 7 o'clock. Class
in Social Customs.
Wednesday, October 18: 7:30 o'clock.
Program of Recorded Music.
Thursday, October 19: 4 o'clock. Tea;
7 o'clock. Speech Clinic; 8 o'clock.
Friday, October 20: 7 to 12 o'clock.
Saturday, October 21: 1 to 5 o'clock.
Trip to the Ford Rotunda and to
Greenfield Village. Reservations at
$1.00 each must be made at the
Center by Thursday at 5 p.m.
Actuarial Students: Mr.. A. G. Ga-
briel of Detroit will give the first of
a series of talks for actuarial stu-
dents, Monday, October 16, at 8 p.m.,
in the West Lecture Room of the
Rackham Building. All interested are
Research Club will meet on Wed-
nesday, Oct. 18, at 8 p.m., in the
Amphitheatre of' the Rackham Build-
ing. Election of officers. Professor
C. F. Remer will speak on "Interna-
tional Research in a Year of Ten-
sion." The Council will meet in the
Assembly Hall at 7:15 p.m.
Physics Colloquium: Mr. H Tatel
will speak on "Anonymous Scatter-
ing of Neutrons in Helium" at the
Physics Colloquium on Monday, Oct.
16, at 4:15 p.m. in Room 1041 E.
Tau Beta Pi dinner meeting Tues-
day, Oct. 17, 5:45 p m., Michigan
Union. Come on time and be through
for the Varsity Show.
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers: The regular luncheon meeting
will be held Monday at 12:10 p.m. in
the Founders' Room of the Michigan
Union. All faculty members interest-
ed in speaking German are cordially
invited. There will be a brief in-
formal talk by Prof. Christian N.'
W e n g e r on "Reiseeindrucke in
Deutschland Sommer 1939."
Math. 370, Seminar in Continued
Fractions, will meet Tuesday, Oct. 17,
All interested are invited to attend,
Psychology 34, 38 and 42 Makeup
Examination will be held Wednesday,
October 1, at 7:30 P.M. in, Room
3126 Natural Science Building.
Freshmen and Transfer Engineer-
ing Studeits: A smoker for fresh-
men and transfer engineering stu-
dents will be held Wednesday eve-
ning, Oct. 18, at 7:30 in the Union
Ballroom. Movies will be shown and
refreshments will be served. Mem-
bers of the College of Engineering
Faculty are urged to attend.
Hillel Class: The first meeting of
the class in Rapid Biblical Reading,
led by Dr. Isaac Rabinowitz, will be
held Monday at the Foundation at
First Baptist Church, 512 E. Huron.
9:30 a.m Church School. Classes
for all ages.
10:45 a.m., Morning Worship. Ser-
'non topic, "Thy Kingdom Come-
On Earth," by Rev. C. H. Loucks.
12 noon. Young People's ' Round
Table. Discussion topic, "What
6:15 p.m. Roger Williams Guild.
In the Guild House, '503 E. Huron.
Mr. Roger H Freund, Executive Sec-
;etary of the* YMCA will speak on "A
Religion for Today." A social 'hour
will follow the address.
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
409 S. Division St.
Sunday morning service at 10:30
a.m. Subject: "Doctrine of Atone-
ment." Sunday School at 11:45 a.m.
St. Andrew's' Episcopal Cheh,
Sunday: 8 a.m. Holy Communion;
11 a.m. Morning Prayer and sermon
try the Rev. Fredrick W. Leech, and
Junior Church; 11 a.m Kindergar-
ten, Harris Hall; 7 p.m, Student
meeting, Harris Hall. Speaker: Prof.
Leroy Waterman on "The Twelve
Hebrew Tribes and How They Grew,"
second in series of talks on the
"Foundations of our Religion."
Apu Arbor Friends (Quakers) will
have a meeting for worship at 5 p.m.
in .the Michigan League; business
meeting at 6 p.m. Supper in Rus-
sian Tea Room at 7. All interested
are cordially invited.
Unitarian Church: 11 a.m. Mr. Mar-
ley will speak on "Why I Like Ameri-
7:30 p.m. Liberal Students' Union
First program of Youth Adventure
First Congregational Church, State
10:45 a.m. Public Worship. Dr.
Leonard A. Parr will preach on "Pris-
on for a Word?"
6 p.m. The Student Fellowship will
meet at the church for supper.
7 p.m. Vice-President Shirley W.
Smith will speak on "Religion on
First Presbyterian Church, 1432
10:45 a.m, "Religious Convictions
on The Pedigree of Man" will be the
subject of Dr. W. P. Lemon's ser-
mon at the Morning Worship Service.
5:30 p.m., Westminster Guild, stu-
dent group, will meet for a 'supper
and fellowship hour. There will be
a panel discussion on "Religious Per-
plexities" with Dr. Lemon in charge.
Student Evangelical Chapel: Those
interested in Evangelical Christiani
ty are invited to worship at the Mich-
igan League Chapel. The Sunday
morning service at 10:30 is to be cori-
ducted by Dr. G. Goris who will speak
on "Spiritual Paramours."
Dr. Goris' topic for the Sunday
evening service at 7:30 will be "Un-
conscious Inner Degeneration." Every
Friday evening this group sponsors
a social and recreational program in
the Fireside room at Lane Hall. You
Disciples Guild (Church of Christ)
10:45 a m., Morning Worship.
6:30 p.m., Mr. John Huston of the
Anti-War Committee will speak on
"Students and War." A discussion
will follow the address.
7:30 p.m., Social hour and re-
Stalker Hall: Student Class at 9:45
a.m. today at Stalker Hall. Mr.
Vredevoogd will lead the discussion
on "Can a Student Deny the Exis-
tence of God?"
Wesleyan Guild Meeting at 6 p.m.
at the Methodist Church. Dean Alice
Lloyd will speak on "Two Genera-
tions Try to Understand." Fellow-
ship hour and supper following the
The Zion Lutheran Church, Wash-
ington and Fifth Ave., will hold wor-
ship services today at 10:30 a.M.
Rev. Stellhorn will deliver the
sermon. Everyone is urged to come
and worship with us.
T|init v.nthan Church. Williams
Old Folks At Home.
Senator Gerald P. Nye, of North Dakota, de-
clined to read Hitler's reichstag address because
"like presidents, kings and premiers, he talks for
his folks back home."
' So Hitler does. He did last week. But he also
had much to say that was of extraordinary in-
terest in England, in France, even in distant
America. Senator Nye is playing an important
,.ms ,_~ ,a c nm ...nart.ta. l i m -- lln a