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October 13, 1939 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1939-10-13

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Weather
Cooler today; Rain tonight
and tomorrow.

Y

V V

liaiI

Editorial
International Center
And Friendship

i

VOL. L. No. 17 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, OCT. 13, 1939,
t,

PRICE FIVE CENTS

100 Register
In Response
To Mimes' Call
ForSuppor t
.Sek Administrati
Acting Jobs; Enthusiasm
Apparent__In Balloting
oday s Final
For Talent Survey
The first day of the survey of cam-
pus talent for a tentative revival of
the Union Opera showed a "gratify-
lng reSponse," according to Don
Treadwefl, '40, president of the Union.
Registration for the day passed 100,
of which approximately 80 were for
acting parts and 30 for administra-
tive part1iepaton.
Tah sstudents with either techni-
cal or dramatic experience in staging
a theatrical production and who wish
to participate in the Opera may fill
out registration blanks today, the
final day of the survey.
Restration Continues
Union staff members will accept
egistration blanks from 9. a.m. until
4 p.m. today in the Union lobby,
Angell Hall lobby, the General
Library, the Engineering Arch, the
tungo.. School, and the College. of
rchitecture. Port Brown, 41, re-
tre tfig the Uion, Phil West-
S ,''40, representing Independent
Mef's Congress, and Stan M. Swin-
tn. of The Daily will be in charge
of the poll.
-Tihose interested will be .asked to
indicate any experience they have had
in any phase of theatrical work. Try-
ouits for the dramatic cast of' the
.pera will state' whether they have
had any nging training, any acting
experience or any dance training-
whether tp, rhythm or balle, arnd
Ow kind of Art they want in the
iomittees in which students may
bartlcipate include: costumes, musiE,
scenery and properties, dance, make-
up, pesonlnel and ublcity. Peis-
trants ste" scliolatcally eigible
toparticllate and as'yeetn provisidn
ha been made for women registrnts.
?articiption. is .lso denied to fi'st-
semester freshmen.
Revival Is Dependent
Treadwell stressed tiat on the out-
come of this slivey hinges this years
revival attempt. Efforts to reorgan.
ize Mimes in 1934 and 1935 were un-
successful, he explained, largely be-
cause sufficient talent was lacking.
The varied activities that go into
the production of an Opera, he add-
ed, afford opportunities to many
fields of talent. Musicians, artists,
dancers, and personneliadvisers are
needed fully as much as the actors
who appear before the footlights.
From the list of students who reg-
ister during the poll will be selected
the participants, should the findings
of the survey indicate that the sup-
ply of talent will be sufficient. The
cast will be chosen and committees
organized within a few weeks, Tread-
well stated, if the Opera is approved.
.The history of the Union and the
Opera are bound up closely together.
It was the Opera, founded in 1907,
that supplied funds for the exten-
sion of the Union and which greatly
aided in the construction of the pres-
ent Union building.
During the 23 years of its existence,
the Opera had a gross income of
more than $800,000, resulting in a net
profit of nearly $150,000, and played
before audiences totaling approxi-
mately 400,000 persons.

Four Testify
In Gibbs Case
Identify Relief Checks Sent
By CountyClerk
By MILTON ORSHEFSKY
Four more city and township offi-
cials were called by Prosecutor Al-
bert J. Rapp yesterday In the county
case against Emmett M. Gibb, form-
er county clerk charged with em-
bezzlement of $5,549.55 from relief
funds.
The witnesses--Harvey Holmes,
Ypsilanti city clerk; Freeman Web-
ber, former treasurer of Northfield
township; William Clark, clerk of
Dexter township, and Oscar Haeus-
sler, former treasurer- of Freedom
township-identified the relief checks
sent by them to Gibb between Jan. 1,

Mimes' Revival Campaign Begins

Richard Humphreys, '40, (extreme left), president of Mimes, shown
above accepting registration blanks for work on the Union Opera, Tom
Harmon, '41 (second from left) examines one of the blanks.
U.S. Can Bring Lasting Peace
T World, Prof. Slosson States

League Of Nations Given
'Teeth' In Plan Created
By Member Of Faculty
(Editor's Note: Every provision of the
recently announced British ' "War aims"
is contained in the six points of Prof.
Preston W. Slosson's peace plan, as
outlined in this article.)
By WILLIAM NEWTON
It is within.the powerof the United
States to offer and enforce a lasting
world peace today, Prof. Preston W.
Slosson, of the history department
and assistant librarian of the Amer-
ican delegation to't-he Versailles Peace
Conference of. 1919, said yesterday.
Our attention, :Professor Slosson
continued, should be focused on the
establishment of'a' permanent world
peace, rather than upon the state-
ments of despairing writers and
speakers. We can, if we have the will
force the warring nations to accept
a' plan which, -though it may not,
work out perfectly for world peace,
will at least "make the effort," he
stated.
"What are the bases of an endur-
ing peace? They are not recondite;
many have pointed them out during
the armistice years of 1919 to 1939.
The world. knew,+ but, it would not
heed," continued Professor Slosson.
"In its present dire need, it may per-
haps heed. At least we should make
the effort, since it is our only hope."
Professor Slosson went on to out-
line his own plan for world peace,
the details ofwhich follow,:
1. "As a gesture of good will, wipe
the slate clean both of reparations
and of international debts."
2. "Place ALL colonies, not merely
some tropical colonies and depen-
dencies, under the mandate system,
with equal trade rights to all na-
tions."
3. This section of Professor Slos-
Frosi Handed Mandate:
Pots Are Only Headgear
Pots, those traditional emblems of
campus neophytes, are going 'to be
revived, at least as far as fraterni-
ties are concerned.
Fraternity presidents, voting '100
per cent at 'a meeting Wednesday
night, decided in favor of having all
freshmen pledges wear the little
grey caps. Moe's sport shop has been
chosen official distributor.'

son's outlined plan provides that all
causes of international dispute, with-
out exception, shall be peacefull
settled. If ordinary diplomacy can-
not handle these problems, they
should be handed over to the League
of Nations, of "whatever newer and
stronger international agency may
come out of the war."
4. This section calls for a world-
wide' agreement to enforce this in-
ternational tribunal's decisions by
the entire armed force of the law-.
abiding nations. This would mean,
Professor Slosson explained, that the
United States would be in a position
to stop wars bfeore they actually be-
gan, by such a determined show of
force that no application of that
force would actually be necessary.
The provision for armed support
of the will of an international tri-
(Continued on Page 8)
e s
National War
Opinion Poll'
The ballot appearing below is
printed by The Daily as part of a
National College Poll conducted in
an effort to determine the attitudeI
of students all over the country to-I
ward the present European conflict
and the policy of the United States
in regard to that conflict.

Vandenberg
And Murphy
To Talk Here
Banquet F*eting Ruthven
Will Feature Pageantry
Of University History
All Campus Groups
Will Enter Parade
Attorney General Frank Murphy
and Senator Arthur Vandenberg have
accepted invitations to speak at the
Ruthven Testimonial Dinner, Oct. 27,
at which more than 1,000 students
will take part in a giant pageant de-
picting 10 years Qf University history
made under he administration of
President Ruthv'en, the committee on
student participation announced last
night.
Already in the hands of the com-
mittee are pledges from 75 campus
organizations promising 40 differ-
ents features to make up the mile-
long parade whch will pass down a
middle ramp in'Yost Field House be-
fore more than 2,600 persons gath-
ered to honor Dr. Ruthven on the
tenth anniversary of his presidency.
Wednesday Is Deadline
The committee has set an absolute
deadline of Wednesday noon for par-
ticipating groups to present a com-
prehensive outline of what their fea-
tures will include. These outlines
can be turned inat the student' of-
fices of the Uion or the under-
graduate office of the League any
day from 2 to 5 p.m.
Each fraternity, sorority, dormi-
tory, League house, the Union, the
League, men's and women's honor
society and other campus groups will
participate. Five features will rep-
resent fraternities, six sororities and
other groups will present individual
or cooperative fAatures dealing with
events in the last 10 years of Univer-
sity history or' any event in Dr
Ruthven's life.
Organizations Listed
Organizations wnich have an-
nounced their participation thus far
include; 16 soror ties 41 fraternities,
Adelia Che"ever' Ann'A)ror Inde-
pendents, Alumnae. House, Betsy
Barbour, Helen Newberry, Jordan
Hall, Mosher Hall, Martha Cook,
League Houses, Mortar Board, Scroll,
Senior Society, Wyvern, Michigamua,
Vulcans, ROTC, and many others.
A limited number of student tickets
is available at the League under-
graduate office and the Union stu-
dent offices. The price is $1.50.
Student Senate
Asks Campus
Stand On War
Possibility Of Cooperation
With Foreign Neutrals
Is SuggestedIn Report
Adoption of a resolution with re-
gard to American peace and neutral-
ity, and an announcement that the
fifth semi-annual election of Sena-
tors will take place on Nov. 3, high-
lighted the meeting of the Student
Senate last night.
On the basis of a report by Hugo
Reichard, Grad., chairman of the
Peace Committee, the Senate adopt-
ed the following resolution:

"In view of the character of the
international situation, the Student
Senate recommends to the campus a
careful consideration of the problem
of preserving our peace.
"The Senate recommends that
these questions in particular be given
attention: Is this an imperialistic
war that is going on in Europe?
Shouild America remain out of this
war? Should America take no sides
in this war? How can we best pre-
serve our civil liberties at this time?
Should America take steps, in col-
laboration with other neutral na-
tions, to mediate an early conclusion
to this war?
In addition to this resolution, -the
Senate authorized the Peace Com-
mittee to make preparations for a
Fall Parley on Peace and to provide
for an open discussion on the ques-
tion of peace.
Journalistic Fraternity
Hears Sportcaster Stern
1 TIM m- r Vntinnl rnadetinv

As

Peace

Finla nd Gets U.S. Suppe-,ort
a ___________________ ____

Embattled Baltic Nation
Begins Talks With Soviet
As America Intervenes
Steinhardt Coners
With Communists
By LYNN HEINZERLING
HELSINKI, Oct. 12.-(P-Finlandt
today welcomed, reports of United
States representations in her behalf
in Moscow where a Finnish delegation
gathered around the same Kremlin
conference table at which Soviet Rus-
sia has obtained major concessions
from three other Baltic states. 3
Officials maintained. silence, but
wellinformed observers said these
reports confirmed their belief' thatf
powerful outside forces were work-.
ing to save Finland from demands
such as those which reduced Estonia,j
Latvia and Lithuania to the status of
virtual Soviet protectorates.
(In ^Washington it 'was' learned
authoritatively that' Laurence A.
Steinhardt United States Anbassa-
dor to 'Moscow, conveyed to Soviet
Premier-Foreign Commissar Vyache-
slaff Molotoff the United States'
"earnest hope" that 'Russia would re
frain from extreme demands which
would disturl peaceful Russian-Fin-
nish-relations. .
S(Itwas also reliably reported in
Moscow that ministers there of Scan-
dinavian 'countries followed Stein-
hardt in urging' Sviet 'moderation in
any proposals to the Finns.)
Finland, meanwhile, continuedwith
headlong 'preparations to fight for
her independence, in the event she
felt forced .to resist the Soviet de-
mands, on which Finns here thus far
have not been-.enlightened.
'Optimists foundl comfort '-in the
fact that early reports were lacking
on the opening of the Kreilin nego-
tiations at which the Finnish dele-
gation, headed by former Premier Dr.
Juho Kusti Paasikivi, conferred for
an hour with Molotoff, Joseph Stalin
and Vice Commissar Vladimir Pot-
eemkin.
These sources speculated that the
Russian demands at least had not
seemed so unreasonable to the Fin-
nish envoy as to lack a basis for dis-
cussion.
On the other hand, those who
watched long lines of women and
children fleeing Helsinki to the safer
environs of the countryside were less
hopeful. Military activity on all sides
also served as a grim reminder that
the country might be in danger.
Foreign Minister Elias Erkko,
scheduled to make a radio address to
the United States early tomorrow
morning, held up the final draft of
his speech until the last moment in
the hope that he could include some
word of the Moscow developments.
. remaar kable'
Describes Life
Of First Lady
Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, wife
of the President and a nationally-
known figure in her own right, will
speak Thursday, Oct. 26, in Hill Au-
ditorium in the first of this year's
"Lecture Courses" sponsored 'by the
University Oratorical Association.
Mrs." Roosevelt's subject will be
"The Relationship of the Individual
to the Community."
Observer of the -American scene,
syndicated newspaper columnist, ra-
dio and platform speaker, Eleanor
>Roosevelt has emerged, even in the
opinions of anti-feminists and her
husband's political enemies, as the
most remarkable First Lady in his-
tory.
In the past summer alone she ap-
peared on the "Hobby Lobby" radio

program as mistress of ceremonies,
published a volume of excerpts from
her column, entertained Britain's
King and Queen, adopted a refugee
Spanish child, visited various Nev
Deal projects, wrote "My Day" with-
out missing a deadline, preparec,
numerous articles, reviews and testi-
(Continued on Page 2)
21

Late News Summary
By Associated Press
BERLIN-Real warfare must be
started now,' Hitler decides, after
construing Prime Minister Chamber-
lain's Commons speech as rejection
of Nazi peace proposals.
MOSCOW-United States, Scan-
dinavian states make plea to Russia
not to menace peace with Finland.
LONDON-Britain turns down
German peace feelers; there can be
no peace on Hitler's terms, Prime
Minister Chamberlain tells Commons.
HELSINKI-Finns heartened over
word that important outside influ-
ences are seeking to save their Mos-
cow delegation from demands such
as reduced sovereignty of Estonia,
Latvia and Lithuania.
COPENHAGEN-Norway, Sweden
and Denmark tell Moscow they hope
Finland's independence will not be
threatened'
PARIS--French offensive, activity
resumed on Western Front after five
days .of defensive action.
WASHINGTON-Senator La Fol-
lette warns Senate neutrality law re-
vision eventually would 'ruin United
States prosperity.
(Unless otherwise stated all foreign
'dispatches are subject to censorship.)'
Arms Embargo
Repeal Fouht
By La Follette

Fuehrer Decides Parleys
Are Futile After British
Take Determined Stand
Chamberlain Asks
Positive Guarantees

1
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I

By MELVIN K. WHITELEATHER
BERLIN, Oct 12.-(A')-Fuehrer
Adolf Hitler has decided to wage war
in earnest against Britain and
France, after having weighed Prime
Minister Chamberlain's speech to-
day and found it wanting,
The Fuehrer halted his six-day
peace effort, informed sources said,
and summoned his general staff to
take charge of the war in the west.
This action followed a three-hour
word-for-word study of the British
Prime Minister's reply to his peace
overture.
With his closest advisers, Hitler was
said to have decided that the British
government Was "determined to fight
for destruction of the Reich and the
German people."
Further Parleys Useless
Germany ..now holds, informed
quarters said, that further parleys
are useless and that arms must speak.
The Nazis said they had hoped un-
til the last that some means of ob-
taining peace could be found, now
that their war aims in the East have
beei fulfilled with the conquest of
Poland.
Activity in the air, which Germany
believes to be her best ace, Was ex-
pected to. be the first evidence that
the war in' the West has emerged
from one of watchful waiting into a
fight to the finish.
This action was awaited against
blockading British ships in an effort
t6 establish what for the Nazis is one

Hitler Plans arnest War'

Proposals

Fail;

The Daily requests the cooper-
ation of every student in filling
out these ballots. Check your
answer to each of the ten ques-
tions, tear the ballot out and de-
posit it in the ballot boxes in the
Union lobby, Angell Hall lobby,
the General Library, the En-
gineering Arch, the Music School
and the College of Architecture.
This ballot has been sent to more
than 500 colleges and universities in
the United States by the University
of California and the California
Daily Bruin, student newspaper,
which are convinced, as are the edi-
tors of The Daily, that a concentrated
national student opinion will affect the
attitudes assumed by the general pub-
lic and the policies adopted by the
American government.

Believes Disastrous Boom'
Will -,Follow Proposal ,
Of Neutrality Revision
WASHINGTON, Oct. 12.-(AP)-In
the same chamber where his father
fought a losing battle against Ameri-
can entrance into the World War,
Senator LaFollette (Prog.-Wis.)
raised his voice today against Presi-
dent Roosevelt's proposal to repeal
the arms embargo.
"Young Bob"-he is 44-warned
his colleagues that the Administra-
tion's proposed revision of the Neu-
trality Law would lead to a disastrous
war boom, draining the country's re-
sources into Europe in exchnge for
"sterile" gold.
Instead of encouraging war trade
with Europe, he said, the government
should concentrate upon building a
sound economy at home and in Latin
America. The United States could
help make her South American neigh-
bors secure against possible "Fascist
attacks," he added, by using part of
its "hversupply of idle gold" to make
direct investments which would raise
South American standards of living.
and to stabilize the banking systems
there.
LaFollette served notice that he,
would ask the Senate later to amend
the Administration bill so that trade
quotas would prevent "valuable and
necessary products" from being
drained away.
His speech concluded a day's de-
bate in which those opposed to lift-
ing the ban on arms sales to warring
nations picked up the support of.
Senator Chavez (Dem.-N.M.), who
previously had been uncommitted
publicly.

of their most important strategic
problems at.. present, namely:
"Can. the blockade be broken' by
the combined use of airplanes, sub-
marines and surface craft?"
To Consult With Allies
At any rate, Nazis said, those who
interpreted Hitler's peace efforts as a
sign of weakness soon would learn
their mistake.
Diplomatically, it was said that
consultations with Joseph Stalin of
Soviet Russia and Premier Mussolini
of Italy would be held immediately to
determine what aid, if any, Germany
may expect now that the die is con-
sidered cast with Britain and France.
The question of direct Russian
miltiary assistance will be raised, it
was asserted. Soviet Premier-Foreign
Commissar Vyacheslaff Molotoff is
expected in Nazi quarters to visit Ber-
lin some time this month.
It still was believed to be unde-
cided whether Mussolini would be
asked to join actively, as the general
staff apparently was not certain
whether Italy could be of more use as
a neutral than as a belligerent.
Britain Scorns
Nazi Peace Offer

u ,o®

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II

NATIONAL COLLEGE POLL
(Deposit in boxes at above named locatios
(Check Answers)
1. Under present conditions, should the United States enter
the European war as an active fighting agent?
2. If Germany is defeated in the war, do you think the [
spread of the totalitarian form of government will be pre-
vented?C
3. Under present conditions, should the United States sellE
munitions on a cash basis to any belligerent nations who
can call for the items in their own ships?E
4. Do you favor increased armaments and extension of armed
forces in the United States at the Dresent time?[
5. Would you be willing to fight if:
A. The United States proper wereE
attacked?E
B. Any United States territorial possessionsr
were ittacker F

--
-YES
]NO
]YES
]NO
]YES
~ NO
YES
~ NO

L
a
y
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f

IFC Redistricts
All Fraternities
Date For Pledge Banquet
Set ForThursday
Plans for participation in the
President's Pageant, a complete re-
districting of the 41 houses on cam-
pus, and next .Thursday evening as
the date for the Annual Pledge Ban-
quet were announced last night at a
meeting of the Interfraternity Coun-
cil, according to Tom Adams, '40,
president of the Council.
in years past, fraternities were
grouped together in five non-con-
tiguous districts, with noconsidera-
tion onf geograph ic.position or tra-

By ROBERT E. BUNNELLE
LONDON, Oct. 12.-(A')-Britain
sternly refused today to make any
peace with Adolf Hitler based on
"recognition of his conquests and his
right to do what he pleases with the
conquered."
Grim-voiced Prime Minister Cham-
berlain offered the German Fuehrer
a choice between a real and lasting
peace backed by "effective guaran-
tees" or a war in which France and
Britain "must persevere in their duty
to the end."
Almost in the next breath, how-
ever, the, Prime Minister expressed
doubt Hitler could give such guaran-
Itees, declaring to the House of Com-
mons:
"The plain truth is that, after our
past experience, it is .no longer pos-
sible to rely upon the unsupported
word of the present German Gov-
ernment
It was Chamberlain's first speech
since Hitler in the Reichstag last
Friday outlined his ideas for a Euro-
pean peace and, with Premier Da-
ladier's Tuesday broadcast, con-
stituted the Allied reply to the Fuehr-
er's proposals.
Without fixing specific conditions,
Chamberlain said, "either the Ger-
man Government must give convinc-

E-1
[ _ ~

YES
NO
YES
,.T,-.

I

I-1 NO i

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