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May 30, 1940 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-05-30

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I[(M1I'If ? yNwV Nr 4 pi S7'VDr { WAT f r i raver-u-P 4,~m~
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control or
Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.,
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4.00; 'oy mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
Editorial Staff

Hervie Haufler .
Alvin Sarasohn .
Paul M. Chandler
Karl Kessler .
Milton Orshefsky . .
Howard A. Goldman. .
Donald Wirtchafter . . .
Esther Osser .
Helen Corman .
Business S
Business Manager
Assistant Business Manager .
Women's Business Manager .
Women's Advertising Manager

Managing Editor
. Editorial Director
. . City Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
* Associate Editor
. . Sports Editor
. Women's Editor
. Exchange Editor


Irving Guttmani
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
. Jane Krause

The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Political Club
Offers Training...
nation taking the stage once more
with November elections drawing near, students
are beginning to think about voting and the
problems and responsibilities it entails. And
they are doing this in spite of the fact that
war news has crowded politics off the center
of the stage.
Recently there was organized at the Univer-
sity a chapter of the College Republicans of
America. Regardless of what the actual results
of the work of this organization may turn out
to be, its aims are certainly excellent and prom
Ise very worthy effects.
First of the purposes of the organization is
to educate college students in political affairs,
supposedly from a standpoint of the greatest
good to the nation as a whole and not to pro-
mote the general rise of the Republican Party.
This is to be accomplished through holding mock
political conventions, rallies and other practical
forms of instruction. In addition, the club is
furnishing students with copies of absentee
voting laws from all states where they exist.
This is probably the most important of the
forms the "instruction campaign" is taking.
It is undeniably important for the youth of
the country to take an interest in the politics
of the nation. Through the organization and
function of political clubs this interest will be
increased, and methods of participation in pol-
itics will be pointed out. Any such organization
or series of organizations should be hailed as
something of potentially great good. It is a
healthful sign to see the foundation of political
clubs for young people--may many more be
-- William H. Newton

Hyma' s Students Reply
To the Editor:
WTE, AS STUDENTS of the University of Mich-
igan and as friends of Prof. Albert Hyma,
wish to testify on his behalf in answer to the
many false accusations which have been directed
against him in the last few days. We feel that
we are in a position to know that these accusa-
tions have been based upon a misinterpretation
of Professor Hyma's statements. By partial
quotation and half-truths it has been made to
appear that he is not only against freedom of
student opinion, but that he is also a war-
monger. We who know him personally, and as
students in his classes, wish to assure all those
interested that he is neither of these. We are
devoted advocates of peace and of freedom of
opinion, and as such we wish to see Professor
Hyma treated fairly.
Signed by 43 Students
Open Letter To FDR
To the Editor:
It should, I believe, be brought to the atten-
tion of our campus that on Monday President
Roosevelt was the recipient of an open letter
signed by thirty-five editors of college news-
papers in twenty-four states throughout the
country demanding that America remain at
peace and that "this generation, born into the
First World War, shall not die in the second."
The letter was released from the National Of-
fice of the American Student Union, through
which the joint signatures were gathered.
Bob Bratz, editor of the Sam Houston State
Teachers College Houstonian, Huntsville, Texas,
added to the letter, "a decided majority of
students here will agree with me in approving
this letter." Among the other signers were John
S. Ammarell, Jr., president of the Middle Atlan-
tic States Intercollegiate Newspaper Associa-
tion, and editors of the newspapers in the state
universities of South Dakota, Washington, Ala-
bama, Oklahoma, Maine, Ohio, Florida, North
Carolina and Idaho.
The release of this open letter to the President
marked the climax of the first half of a two-
week "peace blitzkrieg" being conducted by the
ASU in conjunction with local peace councils
and college newspapers in all parts of the na-
tion to demonstrate student opposition to any
form of intervention in the European War. The
ASU office announced that over 100,000 stu-
dents had participated in 60 college rallies and
one-hour stoppages on Thursday and Friday
of last week. It predicted that an additional
forty meetings would be held over the Memorial
Day holiday.
The letter follows in full:
"Honorable Franklin D. Roosevelt,
White House,
Washington, D.C.
Dear Mr. President:
"As editors of our campus newspapers, we
address this letter to you as an expression our
sober judgment, and the desires of the majority
of the students in our colleges.
"This year's Commencement exercises will
take place against a background of rumbling
war drums and booming cannon. The Class of
1917 is buried beneath the wooden crosses over-
seas; the future of the Class of 1940 rests on
the issue of war and peace. "Will our diplomas
be turned into bayonets?" is the question on
the lips of every graduate and undergraduate.
"Mr. President, the proposals of loans and
credits to the Allies now before Congress, your
billion dollar request for increased armaments,
for a speed-up in armaments production, for
50,000 planes, your speech to the Pan-Aerican
Scientific Congress all indicate clearly the road
you have chosen-the Wilsonian road to war.
The lessons of the last war convince us that
this nation will serve humanity best by solving

the problems of our own people, by building
a forward-moving democracy, by refusing to
aid and abet in any way a war which serves no
justice, no people, no true progress.
"We join the million students who demon-
strated their desire on April 19 that America
remain at peace, who are resolved that this
generation, born into the First World War, shall
not die in the Second."
This open letter is another confirmation of
the belief of Michigan students that in their
determination to keep out of war they are not
alone, but that they are on the contrary joined
by the overwhelming majority of students
throughout the country, and by the American
people in general.
Hugo M. Reichard, Grad.
Allies Blunder
Contemplated in retrospect, the blunders of
Europe's democracies during the years when
Hitler was building his war machine assume
that unforgivable magnitude which only hind-
sight can give them.
Te most egregious mistake of all, it seems
to us now, was the failure to heed their own
leaders who warned that, in modern war, air
power was certain to assume stupendous, per-
haps decisive, importance.
Chicago Daily News
tume department. A separate crew from the
lighting department works on that angle of
the production. However, the greatest difficulty
encountered by the drama department was
securing good acting. For financial reasons,

9 AbertS Men
WASHINGTON-One of the things which is
holding up the manufacture of more military
equipment for the Army and Navy is the fact
that so many U.S. factories are sending machine
tools to Japan.
The War Department has just finished a con-
fidential survey of the machine tool industry
and finds that most American plants are work-
ing on orders for the Japanese. Machine tools
are all-important in the munitions business,
because they are used to equip new factories
expanding to meet new national defense orders.
As far as the War Department is able to
ascertain, Japan has plenty of machine tools,
and is storing many of the new shipments now
received from the United States-for emergen-
cies. Japan also continues to be a big importer
of U.S. scrap iron, and also is storing it for
the future.
There are two reasons why President Roose-
velt has asked special powers of Congress to
embargo shipments of materials which are con-
sidered vital to the defense of the United States.
He expects, as soon as authorized by Congress,
to slap an embargo on scrap iron and machine
tools to Japan.
COP Blasts
The barrage of Republican blasts against a
coalition Cabinet which has strafed the country
recently was no spontaneous meeting of minds.
Neither was it aimed entirely at the President.
It was aimed much more against the Republican
Party itself.
Inner GOP master minds admit that their
political chances have been almost as hard hit
as the shattered Allied lines in Europe. Prior
to this catastrophe development GOP election
prospects appeared very bright indeed.
It looked as if the campaign would be fought
chiefly on Republican ground; that is, on do-
mestic issues. Also, it was doubtful whether
Roosevelt would run. But the Hitler blitzkrieg
changed this situation overnight.
The Allied disaster, its ominous implications
to the United States, and national defense
pushed everything else into the background.
The GOP no longer could take an ambiguous
"peace" stand, but has been torn wide open on
the war issue. Powerful elements within the
party were publicly clamoring for American aid
to the desperate Allies.
It is a secret of Republican congressional
leaders, but they had to intervene forcibly to
prevent some of their followers from intro-
ducing bills repealing the Johnson Act, which
bars credits to the debt-defaulting Allies.
Meanwhile every Nazi victory drew Demo-
cratic lines closer together, cut the ground from
under the inner party foes of a third term, and
daily made it more certain that the President
would run.
Counter Offensive
This was bad enough, and Roosevelt's move
to bring one or more Republicans into the Cab-
inet made it worse.
To National Chairman John Hamilton, Penn-
sylvania boss Joe Pew, Hoover and other inner
moguls, the consummation of this plan meant
the finish of their election hopes. With several
Republicans in the Cabinet and Roosevelt head-
ing the Democratic ticket, the GOP wouldn't
have a chance.
Something had to be done fast to block this.
After a series of hurriedly called secret confer-
ences and much long-distance telephoning, a
two-pronged counter-offensive was launched,
one airhed at the President, and the other at
Colonel Frank Knox plus other Republicans
who might be offered Cabinet posts.

The barrage on Roosevelt was opened by
Colonel Lindbergh's speech pooh-poohing any
invasion danger. In inner GOP circles this is
credited to Hoover via his close friend, William
Castle, former Under-Secretary of State. Castle
has advised Lindbergh on most of his speeches,
accompanied him to the radio station when he
made this one.
This was followed. up with the carefully
spaced statements by Landon, Hoover, Repre-
sentative Wadsworth, House Floor Leader Mar-
tin and others demanding that the President
renounce a third term as the price for GOP
participation in the Cabinet.
The counter-attack within the party was
largely undercover. Heavy pressure was brought
on Knox not to accept a Cabinet offer, and it
was strongly intimated that any Republican
who did accept a Roosevelt Cabinet appointment
would be vigorously opposed for confirmation.
Oldster Aviators
® The President didn't mention it when he an-
nounced the new expanded civil pilot .training
program, but oldsters as well as youngsters now
can learn to fly.
Of course the older people will be very few
in number compared to the thousands of men
between 18 and 25. But there will be three
or four schools especially assigned to training
them as part of an experiment by the Civil
Aeronautics Authority.
For several years the CAA has been fostering
the development of so-called safety planes;
that is. ships that are spin-proof. Spins are
the cause of most crashes. Several such craft

by mascott
Editor's Note: It was~ finally decided
yesterday after this column was writ-
ten that the proposed debate between
Prof. Albert Hyma of the history de-
partment and Max Schachtman, na-
tional secretary of the workers Party.
would definitely be held at 7:45 pm.
today at the Masonic Temple.
ONE OF THE rather big intellec-
tual events of Memorial Day
today was the originally scheduled
debate between Prof. Albert Hyma
of the history department, possibly
the most discussed personage on
campus at the present time, and Mr.
Max Schachtman, national secretary
of the Workers' Party.
Professor Hyma and Schachtman
were supposed to discuss "Socialist
Opposition to the War" and "Aid to
the Allies," at 7:45 p.m. today at the
Masonic Temple.
We don't know whether the debate
will be held today or where, when
and if it will be held. But we do
know, after a brief telephone con-
versation yesterdayafternoon with
someone over at the Temple, that
the debate will probably not be held
at the Masonic Temple. 'The Temple
will be closed all dad Memorial Day,"
he who answered the phone at the
Temple testified.
So students, who sometimes cut
across the street on which the Ma-
sonic Temple is located, while they
wander toward the local beer em-
poriums, may see the Temple in com-
plete darkness tonight.
I* '~


To a certain extent, we're sorry
the debate willnprobably notrbe held.y
We don't care who the speakers are f
as long as they are sincere. And wef
believe the speakers, Hyma and
Schachtman, in expressing their
points of view are sincere.
It's always been a pet notion of
ours, and we're backed by such good
authority as the Bill of Rights, that I
everyone should have the right toc
speak sincerely what they feel to be
right. We still believe that the truth
can only be discovered by the free 1
clash of ideas in an open intellectual
* * *f
BUT THE above mentioned debate
did not exactly "send" us. We'd t
be much more interested in the de-
bate and would support it much
more fully if there were another
speaker on the panel; a speaker
representing these students who are
in no way affiliated with any rad-1
ical groups but who are wholeheart-I
edly opposed to American entrancer
into the war.
There are 3,000 students at thec
University of Michigan who stood
in front of Hill Auditorium on a coldr
Friday morning last April to indi-f
cate their opposition to war. Manyc
of them had cut their 11 o'clockr
classes to attend that rally. Manyt
of them had given what can un-
doubtedly be considered valuable1
time to work hard and long to make
that rally a success. And the vastf
majority of those students at that
rally were not affiliated or in sym-
pathy with any radical group or
Recently there have been eitherj
presented or planned two debatesl
on the war situation, past and pres-
ent, which could be considered mis-
In short, the campus has seen a
debate between Pro-Allies Professor
Slosson of the history department}
and Mr. Multila of the Young Com-
munist League and may see another
debate between Pro-Allies Professor
Hyma, also of the history depart-
ment, and Mr. Schachtman, repre-
senting a section of the Fourth In-
ternational. And possibly as the re-
sult of these debates, the impression
could be created that student opposi-
tion to the war and to aid to the
Allies is concentrated in the radical
ranks. This is exactly the impreion
that a .few of those favoring Amer-
ican participation in the war would
like to see created. But that impres-
sion, that opposition to the war is
concentrated in radical ranks, is
horribly, terrifically, totally wrong.
We repeat and we stress, for it can-
not be emphasized too strongly, that
there are thousands of students, the
majority of students opposed to war.
who cannot be labeled radical. To
do so is almost criminal.
** s
STUDENTS at Michigan State Col-
Slege(full title) may well deny
the description of the place as "cow
college" but recent events seem to
have given the lie to their claims
that "State" is an -educational insti-
one of State's prize students of
animal husbandry and pathogenic
grain diseases was recklessly driving
a truckful of live calves across the
East Lansing campus recently when
the truck suddenly came up against
a high curb, lurched and spilled out
all of the calves in the rear of the
vehicle. The latter animals imme-
diately began stampeding around the
campus, bleating raucously and in-
cessantly. The din was so terrific
that the college authorities, meeting

G (Continued from Pie 2)

C. F. Remer, and R. C. Angell, chair-
3. Consideration of the reports sub-
mitted with the call to the meeting:
a. Executive Committee, Professor
W. F. Hunt. b. University Council,
Professor W. G. Rice. c. Executive
Board of the Graduate School, Pro-
fessor A. E. R. Boak. d. Senate Ad-
visory Committee on University Af-
fairs, Professor C. D. Thorpe. e.
Deans' Conference, Dean E. H. Kraus.
4. Elections: a. Six members of the
University Council, five to serve for
three years and one to substitute for
Professor W. B. Pillsbury while he
s absent on leave during the first
semester of 1940-1941.
b. Two members of the Administra-
tive Board. Nominating Committee:
Professors J. E. Dunlap, Chairman,
S. D. Dodge, and L. C. Karpinski.
5. Retirement of Professors H. P.
Thieme and W. B. Ford.
6. New business.
Engineering Students: Will all
those having lockers in rooms 323,
325, 331 and 335 please remove locks
and equipment on or before June 15.
Otherwise - the locks will be cut off
and the material removed.
Faculty, School of Education: The
regular luncheon meeting of the
Faculty will be held Monday, June
3 at the Michigan Union.
Student Loans: There will be a
meeting of the Loan Committee in
Room 2, University Hall, on Tues-
day, June 11, for the consideration of
loans for the Summer Session and
fall. All applications to be considered
at this meeting must be filed in
Room 2 on or before Friday, June 7,
and appointments made for inter-
Registration Material: Colleges of
L.S.&A., and Architecture, Schools
of Education, Forestry, and Music:
Summer Session registration mater-
ial may be obtained in Room 4 U.H.,
beginning June 1. Please see your
adviser, secure all necessary signa-
tures, and complete registration be-
fore June 22.
Architect classifiers will post a no-
tice when they are ready to confer.
Robert L. Williams,
Assistant Registrar.
Notice for Contestants in the Hop-
wood Contest: All students winning
prizes are to come to the Hopwood
Room between 8 and 12 Saturday
All contestants are requested to
call for their manuscripts at the Hop-
wood Room on Monday, June 3. The
room will be open from 8 to 12 and
from 2 to 5:30. Copies of the judges'
comments on individual manuscripts
may be obtained at the desk. All
students who have competed in the
contests including those who com-I
peted in the freshman contest are in-
vited to the Grand Rapids Room of
the League for an informal meeting
with Mr. Henry Seidel Canby at 8:15
p.m., Friday evening, May 31.
The University bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
United States Civil Service examina-
tions. Last date for filing applica-
tion will be June 24.
Stationary Fireman (High Pres-

vill be closed Friday, June 7, at 6
.m. All lockers must be renewed for
he summer session or vacated on or
efore that date.
The fee for the summer session,
June 24 to August 16 is $2.00, with a
$.50 refund when the lock and towel
are turned in.
Women Students who have left
swimming suits in Locker 88 at the
Union Swimming Pool may get them
by calling at Barbour Gymnasium.
Academic i]\t 1 s
Mathematics Final Examinations
(College of L.S. and A.) will be held
in the regular classrooms except for
the following, which will be held in
the rooms specified:
Math 2, Section 5 (Craig) 302 South
Math 4, Section 2 (Elder) 18 An-
gell Hall.
Math.4, Section 3 (Anning), 302
Mason Hall.
Math. 52, Section 2 (Greville) 3011
Angell Hall.
Math. 103, Section 2 (Anning) 306
Mason Hall.
Math. 1?0 (Greville), 3011 Angell
Math. 122 (Greville) 215 Agell Hall.
Math. 123, Section 1 (Carver) 3201
Agell Hall.
Zoology 1 Final Examination: Sat-
urday, June 1, 2-5 p.m. A-L inclusive,
West Physics Lecture Room; M-Z in-
clusive, Room 103 Romance Lang.
Conflict examination: Sat., June 1,
7-10 p.m. in Room 2103 N.S. Bldg.
Room Assignments for Final Ex-
amination in German 1, 2, 31, 32,
Tuesday, June 11, 2-5 p.m.
German 1: All sections 1025 A.H.
German 2: Philippson, Diamond,
Gaiss, 25 A.H. Graf, Braun, Willey,
231A.H. Striedieck, Broadbent, C
H.H. Edwards, Pott, Schachtsiek,
035 A.H.
German 31: All Sections, B H.H.
German 32: Diamond, Philippson
25 A.H. Pott, Ryder, Schachtsiek,
35 A.H. Nordmeyer, 203 U.H. Reich-
art, 201 U.H. Van Duren, B, H.H.
FinaldExamination for Geography
118 Friday afternoon, June 7, 2-5,
will be held in Room 35 A.H. Closed
book, no blue books needed. All map
work must be checked to avoid an in-
complete in the course.
Anthropology 32 Final Exam June
3, 2-5 p.m.: Students whose last
names begin with the letters A-L go
to West Physics Lecture Room, those
from M-Z to 103 Romance Language.
English 45, Section 1 (Rowe) final
examination will be held in 1035 A.H.
Economics 175: Special consulta-
tion sessions (not lectures) for re-
view purposes will be held in 215 Ec.
on Monday, June 3, at 3 p.m.; Thurs-
day, June 6, at 7:30 p.m.; Snday,
June 9, at 3 p.m.
Engineering Students with respect
to Drawing 3: The conflict examina-
tion in Drawing 3 will be given Sat-
urday morning 8-12, June 1. Others
who have no examination scheduled
at that time may also take the Draw-
ing 3 examination which is scheduled
for June 11.
History 12: Leciure Group II: Final
examination Thursday p.m., June 6.
All students must bring outline maps
of Europe as well as bluebooks. Mr.
Slosson's, Mr. Stanton's, Mr. Crist's
and Mr. Ewing's sections will meet
in Natural -Science Auditorium; Mr.
Spoelhof's sections will meet in 3017
A.H., and Mr. Rupke's sections will
meet in Room G, Haven Hall.
E.E. 7a, Building Illumination will
receive its final examination on Sat-
urday, June 1, 9 to 12 a.m. in Room
246 West Engineering Building; or

alternatively, on Friday, June 7, 9
to 12 a.m. in the same room. Written
reports and problem solutions will be
received until June 7. Please return
any publications you do not wish to
retain for purpose of reference.
H. H. Higbie
Doctoral Examinations:
Willard Anderson Hanna, English
Language and Literature; Thesis:
"Robert Elsmere: A Study in the Con-
troversy between Science and Relig-
ion in the Nineteenth Century." To-
day at 9:00 a.m., 3221 A.H. Chairman,
L. I. Bredvold.
Gustav Gunnar Carlson, Sociology;
Thesis: "Number Gambling, A Study
of a Culture Complex." Friday, May
31, 1:00 p.m., West Council Room,
Rackham Building. Chairman, R. C.
Harold Joseph Dawe, Chemistry;
Thesis: "An Investigation of the Re-
lationship of the Stability of Suspen-
sions to Their Interfacial Free Sur-
face Energies." Friday, May 31, 4:00
p.m., 309 Chemistry. Chairman, F.
E. Bartell.
Carl Thomas Devine, Business Ad-
ministration; Thesis: "Inventory
Valuaton and Business Income." Fri-


sure), salary $1,320.
Stationary Fireman
salary $1,200.
Associate Materials
ary $3,200.
Assistant Materials
ary $2,600.

(Low Pressure)
Inspector, sal-
Inspector, sal-

Contribu io i
To Playwriting.

. .

HIS IS THE STORY of a good idea
and what came of it.
George Pierce Baker, as. a young instructor
of English at Harvard fifty years ago conceived
of a plan to revolutionize the teaching of play-
Up to that time the study of plays in the
university had been treated just as any other
academic subject; it was something to be con-
sidered in the classroom, but student produc-
tion of plays was out of the question.
Baker wished to change all this. As the
foundler of the college workshop often told his
classes, "Write what you know to be true about
your characters, and write nothing that you
do not know to be true." If the art of play-
writing was to be taught, the student must not
only .read plays in the classroom, but must ac-
tually have his own products put on the stage
before an audience. The tools of the stage,
such as scenery, lights, and other props, must
also have more than a passing acquaintanceship
with the writer of plays. This twofold idea
was the end to which Baker strove, for the
two parts hung together. The result was the
Harvard 47 Workshop, so called, because the
playwriting course was English 47.
Years after the establishment of the Harvard
drama group, Baker transferred his activities
to Yale. Here he proceeded to build from scratch
a drama organization worthy of a place along

Senior Chemist (any specialized
branch), salary $4,600.
Senior Chemical Technologist (any
specialized branch), salary $4,600.
Chemist (Any specialized branch),
salary $3,800.
Chemical Technologist (any spe-
cialized branch), salary $3,800.
Associate Chemist (any specialized
branch), salary $3,200.
Associate qhemical Technologist
(any specialized branch) salary $3,-
Assistant Chemist, salary $2,600.
Complete announcements on file at
the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
tion, 201 Mason Hall. Office hours:
9-12 and 2-4.
To All Students having Library
Books: 1. Students having in their
possession books drawn from the Uni-
versity are notified that such books
are due Monday, June 3.
2, The names of all students who
have not cleared their records at the
Library by Tuesday, June, 4, will be
sent to the Recorder's Office, where
their semester's credits will be held
up until such time as said records are
cleared, in compliance with the regu-
lations of the Regents.
Wm. W. Bishop, Librarian
All students who are registered
with the Bureau of Appointments for
a teaching or business position are
requested to record their summer ad-

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