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May 29, 1940 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-05-29

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Writers Discuss Parts Of Current
Governmental Program On Aliens

Edited anj managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4.00; bY mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40

Hervie Haufler
Alvin Sarasohn .
Paul M. Chandler
Karl Kessler
Milton Orshefsky
Howard A. Goldm~a
Donald Wirtchafte
Esther Osser
Helen Corman

Editorial Staff
. . Managing Editor
. . . . Editorial Director
. . . . . City Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
n. . . Associate Editor
. . . . ASports Editor
. . . . Women's Editor
. . . . Exchange Editor
Business Staff
. . . . Irving Guttman
Manager . . Robert Gilmour
Manager . . Helen Bohnsack
ng Manager . Jane Krause



The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers

A Newspaper
Gets Another Try

0 . .

presses of The Chattanooga News,
long one of the most actively liberal newspapers
of the New South, stopped, and regular publica-
tion was suspended. Widely lamented was the
death of The Chattanooga News by those who
are interested in the progress of liberal journal-
ism, and throughout the nation liberal journals
published mournful obituaries. But progressives
in Chattanooga and its environs were deter-
mined that from the ashes of the old would arise
a new liberal publication, one with sufficient
strength and stability to carry on an effective
fight against reactionary tendencies in that
sector. This month that determination bore
fruit with the appearance of The Chattanooga
The story behind the death of The Chatta-
nooga News is most revealing of the continual
struggle for existence which marks the course
of any liberal newspaper in present-day Amer-
ica. Ostensibly the cause of its demise was
the result of foreclosure action against its
editor, George Fort Milton, taken by Milton's
stepmother,rwho held themortgage againsttThe
News. But something more than a financial
struggle between family factions was involved.
Back in 1934, Editor Milton, long an articu-
late supporter of the Tennessee Valley Author-
it, opened an editorial campaign to bring cheap
municipal electricity to Chattanooga, at that
time served by a subsidiary of Commonwealth
and Southern. An acrimonious fight between
the opposing groups ensued. The utilities com-
pany joined with its supporters in withdrawing
its advertising from The News. No device was
shunned by the entrenched interests to main-
tain their control of dispensing electric power
in Chattanooga. In 1935 by a three-to-one vote
the people of Chattanooga expressed their sup-
port of public power.
But the victory of The Chattanooga News was
short-lived. Almost immediately a new com-
petitor, The Free Press, sponsored by a local
grocery magnate, Roy McDonald, cut into the
afternoon field. For three years thereafter, The
Free Press garnered more than fifty thousand
dollars in advertising from the state branch
of Commonwealth and Southern, whereas the
utility advertising of The News dwindled to
less than two hundred fifty dollars. Later a
congressional investigating committee reported
that an attorney for the Tennessee Electric
Power Company was the largest holder of pre-
ferred stock on The Free Press.
Faced with this new competition The Chatta-
nooga News suffered successive financial blows.
Late in 1939 McDonald of The Free Press ar-
ranged to buy out the floundering News by
making a deal with Editor Milton's stepmother,
who proceeded to take foreclosure action despite
frenzied efforts by Milton and his entire staff
to stave off the death-blow. On December 16
The News plant was permanently darkened.
The utility interests had played their game well.
But George Fort Milton, heartened by mani-
festations of public interest in his journalistic
activities, started almost at once to build up a
new liberal newspaper for Chattanooga. 'With
the concrete support of six hundred persons in
Chattanooga combined with that of one hun-
dred progressives throughout the nation, The
Chattanooga Tribune is now an impressive real-

According to the new plan of home defense,
the United States is preparing war materials
in various private factories throughout the
country. To prevent sabotage by foreign agents
all aliens will be fired from factories manufac-
turing essential war products. Aliens will also
be ineligible for relief. This plan may be ad-
mirable from a super-patriotic point of view.
American citizens will be put to work and the
foreigners will not be taking the money we
Americans rightly deserve. More than that, no
loyal American would attempt to wreck factories
or equipment.
But we would raise the question: What are
we going to do with the millions of aliens who
will be thrown out of jobs by the war indus-
tries? How are these people going to exist if
they cannot work and if they are not able to
secure government relief? And we realize that
dismissal of aliens from factories engaged in
manufacturing war materials will not be the
full extent of job loss to aliens. They will be
released from every line of work, for every
employer will live in constant fear of sabotage.
It is safe to assume, therefore, that several
million aliens will be without work and with-
out the means of getting aid from the govern-
These people are human bengs, even if they
are not citizens; even if they have foreign names.
They too have the desire to eat and sleep under
a roof. They too have a right to live. If the
government throws them out of work, it must.
provide some means for their existence. The
government has four possible courses open to
it. First, it can send all aliens back to their
mother countries. Second, it can herd all aliens
into concentration camps (or emergency camps,
war camps, alien camps or whatever other name
you wish to apply). Third, the government can
allow these people to exist as they are able,
doing odd jobs, begging or starving to death.
Fourth, it can provide an adequate system of
relief for all aliens cast out of jobs by the war
manufacturing project.
To the first three alternatives there are ob-
vious flaws. To send aliens back to their native
lands would be a relatively simple way of mur-
dering them. With most of Europe at war, their
chances of living very long upon arrival are
slim. Putting them in concentration camps, or
turning them loose on the streets is just an-
other way of slow death, besides being undemo-
cratic and un-American to the highest degree.
The last solution would seem to be the only way
to take care of the aliens in this country. They
must be provided for if we take away their
means of providing for themselves.
Until we have seen a definite plan for ade-
quately taking care of all foreigners, thrown
out of work because they are aliens, we cannot
be in favor of the new defense program. It will
take five years at the least for them to become
American citizens, neither they nor we can
afford to wait for them to become naturalized.
Action must be taken now, before all aliens
lose their means of support.
Drew Persa
Robert S. Alet
WASHINGTON-The French aviation situa-
tion is desperate. How many planes have been
smashed is not definitely known-perhaps no
even by the French themselves. But most of
their air force on the Western Front has been
put out of business. It is estimated that at least
an equal number of Nazi planes have also
crashed, but Germany started with about 18,000
planes, the French with about 2,000.
One big handicap to the French is that they
were counting upon British air support. The
original tactics were for the French to do the
bulk of the land fighting, with the British rein-
forcing in the air. But this was before anyone
realized that Hitler was going to break through

the French lines and head straight for the
So desperate was the French plight that they
wanted to buy any kind of plane, even those
considered too old for the U.S. Army. The War
Department estimates it has more than 1,500
out-of-date planes. However, the Secretary of
War issued an order no later than March 14
prohibiting the sale of surplus army material
even to third parties who might conceivably
resell them to France and England.
LitesI PIlte Purcluses
Meanwhile the delivery of airplanes already
ordered by the French and British proceeds
with tragic slowness. Here are the inside figures,
illustrating how long it may take the United
States to turn out 50,000 planes for itself:
Allies ordered up until May: Airplanes, 5,758;
Motors, 15,627. Delivered to Allies: Airplanes,
1,829; Motors, 3,933. Undelivered: Airplanes,
3,929; Motors, 11,694.
This includes planes ordered only after the
war started, and the fact is that France was
much more far-sighted than England and began
ordering planes on the American market long
before war broke. It was a French pilot, killed
in San Diego, that caused such a furore in the

The Senate Judiciary Committee passed a
bill Monday which entails the fingerprinting
and "mugging" of all aliens on the soil of the
United States.
This bill, if passed by both houses and signed
by the President, would mean that all aliens
and non-citizens within the boundaries of the
United States would be on file in complete iden-
tification. Undoubtedly there would be a large
clamour about civil liberties by certain groups,
notably the aliens themselves and those who
'use" the aliens.
But such a cry would be uncalled for. For a
number of years the FBI has been trying to get
people to submit to the fingerprinting process
for their our protection and benefit as a sure
way of identification. There is no reason why
a law-abiding citizen should not want to sub-
mit to the process on two counts. One, he has
nothing to fear. Two, the files are not kept for
the purpose of identifying criminals.
And now that aliens will perhaps be requested
to submit to it under penalty of law, some peo-
ple might connect this act with others which
are being enacted by business and the govern-
ment as a means of suppressing freedom of
living in these chaotic times. But let us look
at it in this light:
Suppose one has a hotel which he keeps as
a service, true a profitable service, but a service,
nevertheless, to the people who wish to use it.
The people who come in have no right taken
away from them. They are allowed to carry on
just as if they were in their own homes; with
one exception. They must register and under
their own names and with their correct home
Surely such a procedure is not an infringe-
ment upon their civil liberties, but is a pre-
caution taken by the hotel against any action
they might take against others, or any action
others might take against them, or any action
they might take against the hotel. In any of
the cases the hotel is perfectly justified in such
action. In fact, if it did not do so, it would be
If there is any fault to be found with the bill
that the Judiciary Committee has just passed,
it would be that it waited until the nation isI
necessarily affected by another continent's
chaos before bringing forth such a bill.
And not only should it apply to aliens, but
to everyone. Such identification of the people
by the government is more of a protection and
benefit to the people than it is to the govern-
ment, especially in these times when facts are
to be believed above a person's word.
It is difficult to keep from using the word
"message" in talking about the Drama Season's
third offering, Sidney Kingsley's "The World
We Make." It is not primarily a thesis play but
somehow the plight of an insane girl trying to
become sane in a world that is insane itself
seems to be the plight of all of us. The solution
which Kingsley offers, a clinging to something
that is closely akin to animal faith, to under-
lying sympathies in the face of bewilderment
and chaos, is perhaps not a solution that can
stand any ultimate test, but for most of us,
as for the characters of the play, it allows us
to go on in the business of everyday living.
Kingsley treats his characters and his story
with a high degree of realism and always avoids
the pitfalls of sentimentality that sometimes
seem to lie in wait for him.
There was more, of course, to last night's per-
formance than just a cogent timeliness. More
than any of the other productions offered this
year it overcame the difficulties of repertory
production. The general level of the acting was
much higher than in any of the other plays
and its pace and mood were much more of a
piece. As a piece of dramaturgy it was skill-
fully put together from its opening scene in
the hospital to its highly emotional final cur-
tain in a city tenement.
The focal point of the play lies in the charac-
ter of the girl and the stage presence of Madge

Evans in the role carried her over some lapses
in her acting. She was at times stiff but in the
highly emotional scenes in which is centered
the essential matter of the play she performed
beautifully. If her grasp of the character was
not always sure, at least her understanding of
its essential demands was generally complete.
Herbert Rudley, who played the part of the man
who is able to reorientate the girl, repeated his
Broadway success here. His interpretation of
the part was always certain and clear. In the
past few years the Drama Season has had some
unfortunate experiences with young male actors
and it is indeed gratifying to see one who does
more than look like an actor, in fact, acts like
The much-heralded performance of Tito Vuolo
as Rocco lived up to all advance notices. Dialect
comedians, because they are "sure-fire" stuff,
are usually dangerous for the serious playwright.
But Vuolo's acting combined with Kingsley's
writing fitted the hilarious burlesque of the
part smoothly into the structure of the play.
And Mr. Vuolo was ably supported by an old
favorite of Ann Arbor audiences, the canine,
Crab, who scored her second smash hit. Louis
Calhein gave his third successful performance
of the season but since I must see the play on

' These
Things 4. .
We have just started writing this
column and we already have an as-
sistant. Sam, his name is, and he
comes from Montana. His home is
in a little town twenty miles from
Butte called Hoosicsumpscett, which
is Indian, for little town twenty miles
from Butte.
We haven't found anything defin-
ite for Sam to do yet, outside of
cleaning our pipes, but he looks like
a valuable man to have around. Sam
can tell you almost everything: he
gets information on the races, he
knows where two will get you twenty
if, and even how to go about get-
ting your business rival's knees
broken with a baseball bat.
Anyone desiring the job of assis-
tant to Sam, can find him at The
Daily any afternoon around five,
or earlier if the women's staff is
having a meeting.
* * *{
We were all over to Sam's room
taking turns wearing his Tom Mix
Straight Shooter suit, when Saul,;
roommate to Sam, slipped into the
room from the fire-escape. Without
a word, he oozed over to the door
and bolte it, drew the blind and
then flung the word "Moujik" at
us. Having done all this, he gave
us the sly grin, anq disappeared into
the right inner pocket of Sam's new
tweed jacket.
No one paid any attention to Saul'
-no one ever does-but the word
"Moujik" had us interested. Sam,
organized searching parties and the
name finally turned up as a twenty-
to-one sure thing at Belmont.
And so it was that five o'clock
found us all, still without Saul,
hunched around the wireless, pre-
pared for whatever Fate had to
offer. Nobody stirred. In fact, Sam
stopped breathing completely, some-!
thing he frequently does under pres-
sure. It was a tense moment.
Then it came. The announcer,
called it: "Into the stretch, it's Mou-
jik and True Lou, neck and neck.
It's going to be close. Now it's Mou-
jik by a neck. Now it's True Lou.,
Still neck and neck. And here comes
Dancing Doll. And the winner-
Just as soon as Sam starts breath-
ing again, we shall reorganize those
searching parties and go on off after'
* ~*
Some stoop-shouldered fellow
handed us this squib one murky night
and then vanished. We are printing
it in the hope that he will identify
himself and call for it:
Tobacco is a nasty weed. I like it.
It satisfies no normal need. I
like it.
It makes you tall, it makes you
It takes the hair right off your
It's the worst forsaken stuff I've
I like it.
The three-room exhibition of works
of art by Michigan artists which
opened in the galleries of the Rack-
ham Building Monday, May 27, has
proved to be of considerable impor-
tancc. Representing the works of

artists of this state only and cover-
ing a wide field of mediums and
techniques the show marks the end
of a year's study of contemporary
American art made by the Art His-
tory Section of the Faculty Women's
Club and sponsored 'by them with
the support of their Board.
Prominent for its genhe treatment
is a painting called Danes, the best
of three works exhibited by Carl
Hoerman of Saugatuck and perhaps
the best painting of the exhibition.
Also in the group that stands out
to the casual observer is People,
Landscape and Machines, and Win-
ter Fishing by Ernest Scanes, Girl
in the Yellow Blouse by Rowena Pen-
nock, Aida by Robert Herzberg, Su-
gar Lanes, Trinidad by Dudley Moore
Blakely, and New England Hills by
William Greason.
At the same time, in the lobby of
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre, the
Ann Arbor Art Association has placed
its annual spring exhibit toremain
for the duration of the Dramatic
The water-colors of Donald Gooch
make good use of the cool tones of
green to give a polite subtleness to
his Poplars and North Lake, while
the geometric study in The Alley by
Margaret Bradfield and in Kings-
vile by Margaret Chapin attracts
more attention than the color. The


Otherwise the locks will be cut off
and the material removed.
All students who wish to apply for
aid through the National Youth Ad-
ministration for next year, 1940-41,
should leave their home addresses
with Miss Smith, Room 2 University
Hall, before the close of this semes-
J. A. Bursley,
Dean of Students
Automobile Regulation: The follow-
ing schedule will mark the lifting of
the Automobile Regulation for stu-
dents in the various colleges and de-
partments of the University. Excep-
tions will not be made for individuals
who complete their work in advance
of the last day of class examinations.
All students enrolled in the follow-
ing departments will be required to
adhere strictly to this schedule.
Colleg of Literature, Science ,and
the Arts: All classes. Tuesday, June
11, at 5:00 p.m.
College of Architecture: All classes.
Tuesday, June 11, at 5:00 p.m.
College of Pharmacy: All classes.
Tuesday, June 11, at 5:00 p.m.
School of Business Administration:
All classes. Tuesday, June 11, at
5:00 p.m.
School of Education: All classes.
Tuesday, June 11, at 5:00 p.m.
School of Engineering: All classes.
Tuesday, June 11, at 5:00 p.m.
School of Forestry and Conserva-
tion: All classes. Tuesday, June
11, at 5:00 p.m.
School of Music: All classes. Tues-
day, June 11, at 5:00 p.m.
School of Dentistry: Freshman
Class, Tuesday, June 4, at 12:00 Noon.
Sophomore Class, Saturday, June 1,
at 12:00 Noon. Junior Class, Satur-
day, June 1, at 12:00 Noon. Senior
Class, Friday, May 31, at 12:00 Noon.
Hygienists, Friday, June 7, at 5:00
Law School: Freshman Class, Tues-
day, June 4, at 12:00 Noon. Junior
Class, Wednesday, June 5, at 4:30
p.m. Senior Class, Wednesday, June
5, at 4:30 p.m.
Medical School: Freshman Class,
Thursday, June 6, at 12:00 Noon.
Sophomore Class, Saturday, June 8,
at 12:00 Noon. Junior Class, Satur-
day, June 8, at 12:00 Noon. Senior
Class, Tuesday, June 4, at 5:00 p.m.
Graduate School: All classes. Tues-
day, June 11, at 5:00 p.m.
Candidates for Master's Degrees,
Tuesday, June 11, at 5:00 p.m. Can-
didates for Doctor's Degrees; Wed-
nesday, June 5, at 12:00 Noon.
Office of the Dean of Students
Library Hours on Memorial Day:
On Thursday, May 30, the Service
Departments of the General Library
will be open the usual hours, 7:45
a.m. to 10:00 p.m. The Study Halls
outside of the building and the De-
partmental Libraries will be closed,
with the exception of Angell Hall
Study Hall and the Economics Li-
brary, which will be open from 8:00
to 12:00 a.m. and 1:00 to 5:30 p.m.
Wn, W. Bishop, Librarian.
To the Members of the Faculty of
the College of Literature, Science and
the Arts: The eighth regular meet-
ing of the Faculty of the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts for
the academic session of 1939-1940
will be held in Room 1025 Angell Hall,
June 3, 1940, at 4:10 p.m.
The reports of the several com-
mittees, instead of being read orally
at the meeting, have been prepared
in advance and are included with this
call to the meeting. They should be
retained in your files as part of the
minutes of the June meeting.
The Registrar's Office again wishes
to express its appreciation to the fac-
ulty of the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts for its splend-
id cooperation during recent sem-
esters in reporting grades for pros-
pective graduates within forty-eight

hours after each examination. Prompt
reporting is necessary this semester
in order that the list of graduates
may be submitted to the Regents on
Thursday preceding Commencement.
The Registrar's Office also reports
that recommendations for depart-
mental honors for members of the
graduating class have already been
made by many departments. Other
departments wishing to make such
recommendations are urged to do so
before June 10.
Edward H. Kraus
1. Consideration of the minutes of
the meeting of May 6, 1940 (pp. 636-
637), which were distributed by cam-
pus mail.
2. Memorial to the late Professor
Roderick D. McKenzie. Committee:
Professors J. W. Eaton, J. K. Pollock,
C. F. Remer, and R. C. Angell, chair-
3. Consideration of the reports sub-
mitted with the call to the meeting:
a. Executive Committee, Professor
W. F. Hunt. b. University Council,
Professor W. G. Rice. c. Executive

Continued from Page 2)

Professors J. E. Dunlap, Chairman,
S. D. Dodge, and L. C. Karpinski.
5. Retirement of Professors H. P.
Thieme and W. B. Ford.
6. New business,
The Intramural Sports Building
will be closed Friday, June 7, at 6
p.m. All lockers must be renewed for
the summer session or vacated on or
before that date.
The fee for the summer session,
June 24 to August 16 is $2.00, with a
$.50 refund when the lock and towel
are turned in.
The Intramural Sports Building
will be closed Memorial Day.
Contemporary Affairs Test: Stu-
dents who took the American Coun-
cil on Education Contemporary Af-
fairs Test may secure their scores
(percentile and raw) by reporting to
Room 4009, University High School,
today at 3:30 p.m.
JGP script deadline is November
15. The deadline for synopses or
first acts is July 1. All material
turned in during the summer should
be sent to the League in care of Miss
Ethel McCormick. The writer of the
script used for production will be
paid $100.
Deutsches Haus (German Lan-
guage Center) reservations for room
accommodations for men, and lunch-
eons and dinners for men and women
may still be made at the summer
Deutsches Haus. Make reservations
at the German Office, 204 U.H.
Academic N'otices
Mathematics Final Examinations
(College of L.S. and A.) will be held
in the regular classrooms except for
the fpllowing, which will be held in.
the rooms specified:
Math 2, Section 5 (Craig) 302 South
Math 4, Section 2 (Elder) 18 An-
gell Hall.
Math..4, Section 3 (Anning), 302
Mason Hall.
Math. 52, Section 2 (Greville) 3011
Angell Hall,
Math. 103, Section 2 (Anning) 306
Mason Hall.
Math. 120 (Greville), 3011 Angell
Math. 122 (Greville) 215 Agell Hall.
Math. 123, Section 1 (Carver) 3201
Agell Hall.
Doctoral Examinations:
Joseph Randle Bailey, Zoology;
Thesis: "Relationships and Distribu-
tions of the Snakes Allied to the Gen-
us Pseudoboa." Today at 2:00 p.m.,
West Council Room, Rackham Build-
ing. Chairman, A. G. Ruthven.
Sheng-Chin Fan, Mathematics:
Thesis: "Integration with Respect to
Upper Measure Function." Today,
3:15 p.m., East Council Room, Rack-
ham Building. Chairman: T. H.
Baxter Levering Hathaway, English
Language and Literature; Thesis:
"The Function of Tragedy in
Neo-Classic Criticism." Today, 7:30
p.m., 3221 A.H. Chairman: C. D.
Nelson Vernard Seeger, Chemistry;
Thesis: "The Structure of Some Pyri-
dine Derivatives." Today, 4:00 p.m.,
309 Chemistry. Chairman, C. S.
Willard Anderson Hanna, English
Language and Literature; Thesis:
"Robert Elsmore: A Study in the Con-
troversy between Science and Relig-
ion in the Nineteenth Century.
Thursday, May 30, 9:00 a.m., 3221
A.H Chairman, L. I. Bredvold.
Final Examination for Geography
118 Friday afternoon, June 7, 2-5,
will be held in Room 35 A.H. Closed
book, no blue books needed. All map
work must be checked to avoid an in-
complete in the course.
Zoology 1 Final Examination: Sat-
urday, June 1, 2-5 p.m. A-L inclusive,
West Physics Lecture Room; M-Z in-

clusive, Room 103 Romance Lang.
Conflict examination: Sat., June 1,
7-10 p.m. in Room 2103 N.S. Bldg.
History 50: Final examination,.
Thursday, June 6, 2-5 p.m. Sections
1, 2, 3 and 5 in Room C, Haven Hall.
Section 4 (Thursday, 2) in 225 A.H.
History 12: Lecture Group II: Final
. examination Thursday p.m., June 6.
All students must bring outline maps
a of Europe as well as bluebooks. Mr.
Slosson's, Mr. Stanton's, Mr. Crist's
and Mr. Ewing's sections will meet
in Natural Science Auditorium; Mr.
Spoelhof's sections will meet in 3017
A.H., and Mr. Rupke's sections will
meet in Room G, Haven Hall.
Room Assignments for Final Ex-
amination in German 1, 2, 31, 32,
Tuesday, June 11, 2-5 p.m.
German 1: All sections 1025 A.H.
German 2: Philippson, Diamond,
Gaiss, 25 A.H. Graf, Braun, Willey,
231A.1. Striedieck, Broadbent, C
H.H. Edwards,Pott, Schachtsiek,
1035 A.H.
German 31: All Sections, B H.H.
Ge~rmn 32: Tiamnd Phiiwi,,,cv

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