THE MICHIGAN DA
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NIGHT EDITOR: WILLIAM ELMER
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
A Pressing Problem . .
T HE FLOOD SEASON is here again!
Dangerous ice jams damming the
waters of the Ohio River to potential flood stages
have spread that ominous message among the
thousands of lowland dwellers in the Ohio River
To these unfortunate people, floods mean
destruction of homes, ruin of property, and in-
evitable loss of life. Last year they faced the
same perils. The previous year saw the same
terrible floods. Next year appears to offer no
The answer to this problem appears to be two-
fold: soil conservation, with an eye to eventual
complete flood control after a long period of
years; and actual, immediate flood-control
The Federal government claims to have em-
barked on a major soil conservation program,
designed-in part-to cntrol floods. No im-
mediate results, of course, have been realized as
yet from this program.
BUT WHAT about the second alternative?
What dam projects have been started at
the headwaters of the especially dangerous Ohio
River, which takes annually so many lives and
destroys so much property? Precious few! And
surely not enough to control that raging tor-
rent of water which cuts a wide swath of de-
struction in the Ohio River Valley each spring!
The Monongahela and Allegheny Rivers, which
converge at Pittsburgh to form the Ohio River,
certainly are good centers at which to start
valuable flood-control projects But the wa-
ters must be checked even closer to their sources.
The great Appalachian watershed, sending wa-
ters through hundreds of rivulets into the mighty
Ohio, should be the ultimate object of the
plucky army of flood controllers now in action.
- Howard A. Goldman.
Toward Peace . .
A LOT HAS BEEN SAID and written
lately on the attitude of today's
youth. The American Youth Congress in Wash-
ington drew the fire of, among others, the Dies
Committee, John D. M. Hamilton and Gene
Tunney, and the admonitions of President Roose-
velt. America has come upon the paradox of an
older generation that is urging fire and energy
and a youth that is pleading caution.
The older generation has tried to set up this
sort of test : either you support Finland, you
want arms and money and perhaps even men
sent to the Mannerheim line, either you crusade
for Finland, or you are a Communist.
The test is not a true one. It straddles the
two extremities and ignores the vast range of
attitudes in between. Most of us youth are
sincerely sympathetic with Finland. We be-
lieve her to be clearly in the right. Her choice
was either .to become a vassal state like Lithu-
ania, Latvia or Esthonia or to fight, and her
David-like resistance amid her snows and frozen
Lakes appeals to our under-dog sensibilities.
But we do not want to fight for Finland. We
do not believe our blood can bring improve-
ment into Europe. As a consequence, we will
do whatever we can to prevent America from
taking any step that will bring her nearer to
SrTrMTRT +hisio nn-riAa1sti It rn11d h
mothers throw into the scales of Versailles? How
welcome will we be, regardless of whether we
fight or no, at the peace tables of the future?
The youth of today believes' that America
can be of greater service to the world by re-
maining free of Europe's wars, by keeping her-
self free and solvent. We have repeated this
again and again, and it is invariably lost in
Doubtless it is true that some of us, leaning
toward Moscow, use this attitude as a front, a
"good" reason for our real motives. There were
those in the ranks of the Youth Congress who
booed President Roosevelt's defense of Finland.
But there were many more who agreed with
the resolution opposing "all forms of dictator-
ship, regardless of whether they be Communist,
Fascist, Nazi or any other type."
It seems to us that the older generation can
be as justly indicted in this present situation as
youth has been. Why, we ask, is there so much
more fervor for Finland than there was for
Poland and Austria, Why does the Scripps-
Howard chain of papers run the address of the
Finnish relief agency now when it did not pro-
pose aid to Poland last September, Is it only
that Finland's is a "holier" war, that justice is
more surely on her side, that she paid her war
debts to us?l
ALL THESE THINGS are true, but they are
not the "real" reasons. The most important
reason for the older generation's avid support of
Finland is that Finland is fighting Communism.
Red-baiting has been a popular sport of the
press and the industrialists since the days of
A. Mitchell Palmer. But it has been an indirect
warfare. You fought the "reds" in the labor
unions and the universities; you sicced Dies on
un-American activities; you took pot-shots at
Earl Browder. And all the time you were more
or less shadow-boxing. Now for the first time
the red-baiters are given a chance to actually
do something against Communism, to take pokes
at real adversaries. For the first time you can
overtly pay to have a Communist shot.
There are a lot of us who do not seriously
care what happens to Communism. We think
that crusades against any belief are wrong, that
John Hamilton's refusal to send a Republicaf
speaker to the Youth Congress was bigotry. But
in this policy of civil laissez-faire we do not
grind any axes for Moscow. Our interest is in
keeping America out of war, and we see in the
anti-Communist enthusiasm that is sweeping
America's older generation a threat against
- Hervie Haufler.
In Lansing .. .
HE DEDICATION of Lansing's $1,-
000,000 WPA built water softener
plant tomorrow will mark the end of a 15-year
struggle by city officials and civic-minded resi-
dents bent upon putting an end to inconven-
iences and economic waste due to the city's
"hard" water supply. More than 300 of the
WPA workers employed on the project have been
invited to attend,the ceremonies.
Strictly modern in every sense, Lansing's
water softener plant has been pronounced the
finest of its kind in the United States. It is
estimated that the taxpayers and water-users
will 'save approximately between $150,000 to
$200,000 annually through the plant.
Although Lansing's water, which is obtained
from deep wells scattered throughout the city,
is safe and pure, it contains elements which
make it almost impossible to obtain suds with
ordinary soap. The water has also been a source
of constant damage to plumbing fixtures and
has resulted in large and numerous plumbing
bills. To overcome this chronic expense, many
householders had installed their own softener
systems. The others who could not afford this
capital investment were put to an estimated
annual expense of $7.50 to $10 each for fluids
and mixtures intended to reduce the resistance
THE PLANT has a capacity up to 20,000,000
gallons of water daily, but at present the
average is slightly in excess of 8,000,000 gallons
daily. Despite its size, the plant will only re-
quire six men to operate it-four operators, a
part-time chemist and a laborer. The actual
cost of building the plant was $936.000. Of this
amount, the WPA contributed $486,000 and the
The plant is constructed of monolithic con-
crete, used for economy and efficiency and is
another sign of WPA planning. WPA workers
did all the landscaping of the grounds. As an
extra added attraction, artists on the WPA art
project in Detroit designed the huge 32-foot
statue of a woman pouring water from a shell
into a jug and also a four and one-half foot
ceramic fountain located in the main vestibule
of the plant. Another striking feature of the
construction is a two-mile pipeline built by
WPA workers to carry off deposits removed
from the water. Some of the wells supplying
water are 10,000 feet from the building.
It is with pride that Lansing points to its
economical, efficient, modern and decorative
WPA constructed water softener plant.
- Helen Corman.
A School For Jurors
"Twelve good men and true" has been handed
down as an accurate description of the select
group charged with meting out justice. Fre-
quently such a body, which sometimes include
women, proved to be true enough but not in-
variably good in the sense of capacity or cap-
ability for jury service.
Now comes the League of Women Voters in
Philadelphia with a concrete plan for better-
ment. This organization has e stablished a
school for would-be jurors so that they may ac-
quire a broader understanding of their duties
and responsibilities. Public interest exceeded
The Philadelphia judge who supervises the
rlae hbelieve in fostering- a hetter atitud n- t
By YOUNG GULLIVER
A View On Roosevelt
THE SPEECH of the President of the United
States before the delegates to the American
Youth Congress in Washington last Saturday
was the most open and unabashed piece of
war-mongering that has been heard in this
country in some years.
Franklin Roosevelt has now taken his rightful
place at the head of the American war-mongers..,
He made himself quite clear. He told 4,000
young people who had come to Washington to
press demands for Youth Aid, for the American
Youth Act, for civil liberties, for adequate hous-
ing, that "In the case of jobs for you young
people, let me make it clear in the beginning
that it is not at all certain that your oppor-
tunities for employment are much worse today
than they were for young people 10 years or
20 years or 30 years ago." Is this the Great
Champion of the Forgotten Man? Let's be
quite clear about this: THERE IS NO MORE
FORGOTTEN MAN, ANL MORE THAN THERE
WAS A FORGOTTEN MAN 10 OR 20 OR 30
YEARS AGO. If everything isn't dandy now,
you know what you can do about it. And don't
come to Washington with your constant com-
plaints: "Don't seek or expect Utopia overnight.
Don't seek, or expect a panacea-a grand new
law that will give you a handout-a guarantee of
permanent remunerative occupation of your own
choosing." He could have put it in three words.
He could have said: Go to hell. Or maybe: Go
Roosevelt had a syllogism in his speech which
went something like this:
There is a youth problem in this country.
There is also an old-age problem.
Therefore the youth problem isn't very im-
0F COURSE it doesn't make sense, but why
worry about it? It will make sense soon
enough. He has nothing to worry about from
old people, and the young people will be stuffed
into uniforms and sent off to fight the Russians.
You don't believe it? Consider what he said
about. the Russo-Finnish war. Resolutions
against the granting of American loans to Fin-
land are "unadulterated twaddle, based on 90
per cent ignorance of what they were talking
about." Such an assertion carries the implica'-
tion that people who believe that American loans
to Finland are the first step towards involve-
ment in a Holy War are either morons or are
not in possession of all the facts. If Roosevelt
has information about the war which the Ameri-
can people do not have, why doesn't he make it
public? How much secret diplomacy is going
on behind the scenes? What is Sumner Welles
doing in Europe? Why is Roosevelt suddenly
exercised about the Russian invasion?
He said in his speech: "More than 20 years
ago, while most of you were very young chil-
dren, I had the utmost sympathy for the Rus-
sian people. In the early days of Communism
I recognized that many leaders in Russia were
bringing education and better health and better
opportunity to millions who had been kept in
ignorance and serfdom under the Imperial Re-
gime." Is that true? How does it square with
the speech which he made in Milwaukee on
Aug. 12, 1920, when he said that "If America
had been a member of the League of Nations,
the Polish nation would not be today fighting
Bolshevism with its back to the wall. If America
had been able to throw into the scale the splen-
did moral force of its hundred millions of people
the Bolshevik armies would not be where they
We can go back even further than 1920. The
New York Times of Oct. 30, 1915, ran this head-
line: FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT TALKS WAR
-MUST BE PREPARED TO DEFEND HOMES,
SHORTLY AFTER he was saying that "War
does not mean the mobilization of an army.
It means the mobilization of a nation. Every
citizen must take his part. That means we must
have universal national service."
Such was Roosevelt's record before America's
entrance into the first World War. We are
only now beginning to realize his record-and
his role-before America's entrance in the sec-
ond World War. He is the founding spirit be-
hind the infamous M-Day Plan, The Industrial
Mobilization Plan. Hanson Baldwin, military
expert of the New York Times, says that "The
industrial mobilization plans of the U.S. are
probably more advanced, comprehensive and
efficient than those of any other nation (pos-
sibly excepting Germany) . . ."
There is no reason under the face of the
sun why anyone should harbor any more illu-
sions as to Roosevelt's aims and character. He
has come out as the representative in the
American executive of those very profiteers,
war-mongers and economic royalists whom he
has been supposedly attacking for the past six
years. His hypocrisy in the Finland affair is
all the more disgusting when you remember
that it was Roosevelt who, by his failure to
raise the illegal embargo on Loyalist Spain, con-
demned the Spanish people to the degradation
and misery of a fascist dictatorship. With ob-
scene haste, he recognized the Franco junta
the day after Franeo entered Madrid. To Ma-
drid he sent a Mr. Alexander Wilbourne Weddell,
who addressed the following words to the Franco
press: "There existed, it is true, two waves of
propaganda in my country until recently, but 7(
hope the American people will understand the
reality of this historic moment. The Spanish
people must not doubt that in the United States
+anp-tn ne a Aon A.rnimi jar4 +ar I'm fnrnt4...a
WASHINGTON - Inside story of
the mystery-shrouded cancellation of
Father Charles E. Coughlin's recent
Sunday broadcast is that his ecclesi-
astical superiors finally have spoken.
Coughlin has been told bluntly that
he cannot continue his racial and
political fulminations on the air-
and remain a Catholic priest. If he
does, he will be unfrocked.
This ultimatum was delivered
through his censor by Archbishop
Edward Mooney of Detroit, Cough-
lin's diocesan superior, with the full
approval of Vatican authorities.
Three developments prompted the
Archbishop's firm-handed action.
First and foremost was the fear
that the priest's anti-Semitic tirades
were being construed popularly as
having the approval of the church.
This is a matter of grave concern to
most church leaders, who point out
that Coughlin's racial views are con-
trary to Catholic doctrine.
Second is Coughlin's reputed con-
nection with the Christian Front,
some of whose members are now
under indictment for conspiracy to
overthrow the government and for
st e a 1 i n g government munitions.
Coughlin's defense of those under in-cmn a nagdhsspros
ditm nthas enragedthi supeiors
Guilty Of Disobedience
Third is ',ne fact that he has been
guilty of disobedience in connection
with his radio activities, specifically
with a broadcast on Jan. 28 in which
he attacked the religious character of
Supreme Court Justice Frank Mur-
Archbishop Mooney had ordered
the deletion of certain portions of
this speech. Coughlin had agreed to
abide by the Archbishop's ruling, but
then turned round, defied instruc-
tions and delivered the previously
censored references to Murphy. On
the following Sunday, Feb. 4, Cough-
lin's entire speech was censored and
the priest was forced to cancel it.
The rejected speech, according to
inside sources, was another defense
of the Christian Front.
The crackdown followed a long
controversy within the Catholic
hierarchy on the 'wisdom of taking
the radio priest off the air. It is no
secret that many church leaders
feared that such forthright action
might create a schism. However,
this policy of temporizing has now
been abandoned because of the great-
er harm his superiors believe his
radio harangues are doing the
This much is certain: If Coughlin
remains on the air in the future, he
must steer clear of racial prejudice or
else suffer the consequences.
Church concern over Coughlin has
disclosed another situation involving
the Apostolic Delegate in Washing-
ton, Amleto Giovanni Cicognani.
Some of the clerical higher-ups
feel that he side-stepped the Cough-
lin issue for much too long, and
favor his recall.
Pope Pius XII, who as papal secre-
tary of state came to the United
States in 1936 partly for the purpose
of disciplining Coughlin, is known to
disapprove the priest's radio talks,
and it is reported also that he has
been disappointed at the failure of
the Apostolic Delegate to take some
Secret White House social note:
Mr. and Mrs. John L. Lewis were in-
vited to the White House to dinner
not long before the CIO chief issued
his blast against Roosevelt in Co-
lumbus. Mr. and Mrs. Lewis replied
that they had a previous engage-
Usually, an invitation to the White
House is a command. Wonder if the
impending blast at Columbus had
something to do with the Lewises'
One of the most important chap-
ters in the long and variegated story
of the Louisiana scandals still re-
mains partly untold. It is the chap-
ter on "hot oil" and just at this mom-
ent it is a question of considerable
concern to Washington officials.
For Louisiana is now seething
through one of its bitterest election
campaigns-a gubernatorial run-off
between the brother of the Late Huey
P. Long and Sam Jones, an indepen-
dent attorney, scheduled for Feb. 20.
Behind Earl Long is the old Huey
Long gang, and more than anyone
else, Mayor Maestri of New Orleans,
most powerful figure in Louisiana.
Behind Jones are most of the other
candidates who ran in the first pri-
mary, plus all the elements rebel-
ling against Hueyism.
Unquestionably the biggest ec-
onomic issue in the campaign is oil
-particularly hot oil. Maestri is
one of the biggest oil operators in
Maestri also served for seven years
as commissioner of the Louisiana
conservation department, in which
and Juniors: The Dayton Power and-
Light Company, Dayton, Ohio, has a
limited number of summer positionsI
for selected undergraduates in E.E.
Those interested call at Room 274
W. Engr. Bldg., and if interviews are
desired later, notify Mrs. Shutko in
the same office.
Choral Union Members: Choral
Union rehearsals will be resumed to-1
night at the School of Msic Build- '
ing on Maynard Street.. All mem-
bers are expected to be present.
Choral Union Members in good
standing will be issued pass tickets for
the Bartlett and Robertson concert,
Wednesday, February 14, between the'
hours of 9 and 12, and 1 and 5.
Graduate Students: I would like to
meet all graduate students interested
in teaching on Thursday afternoon,
February 15, at 4:15 p.m. in 205 Mason
T. Luther Purdom Director
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information
Summer Employment: All students
who wish to register with the Bureau
of Appointments for summer jobs are
notified that registration forms may
be obtained Tuesday through Friday
of this week at the Bureau, 201 Mason
Hall, office hours 9-12, 2-4. Final
registration date will be Friday, Feb-
ruary 16. Students 21 years of age
and over are particularly urged to en-
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
Civil Service examinations. Last date
for filing application is noted in each
Motor Equipment Repairman B,
salary range: $105-125, Feb. 23.
Motor Equipment Repairman A,
salary range $130-150, Feb. 23.
Institution Stores Clerk C, salary
range $80-100, Feb. 23.
Stores Clerk C, salary range $80-
100, Feb. 23.
Institution Stores Clerk B, salary
range $105-125, Feb. 23.
Stores Clerk B, salary range $105-
125, Feb. 23.
Liquor Store Clerk Cl, salary range,
$95-110, Feb. 23..
Game Ornithologist II (open to men
only), salary range $200-240, Feb. 28.
Radio Inspector, salary $2,600, Mar.
Assistant Radio Inspector, salary
$2,000, Mar. 4.
Complete announcements on file
at the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information,
201 Mason Hall. Office hours: 9-12
Women Debaters: All women in-
terested in debating for the second
semester meet in Room 3209 A.H.,
Thursday night at 7:00 to 7:30 p.m.
Tryouts on the subject of federal
housing will be held on Tuesday,
February 20 at 7:30 p.m.
Phi Sigma: No meeting this week.
The Congress Cooperative House,
909 East University, is accepting ap-
plications for board this semester.
An appointment for an interview may
be obtained by telephoning 2-2143,
or coming to the house.
Cooperative Boarders: Katharine
Pickerill House, girls cooperative, 328
E. William St., is open for applica-
tions for boarders for the second sem-
ester. Phone 2-1454.
Mathematics 58, Spherical Trigo-
nometry. Preliminary meeting to
arrange hours, Wednesday at 4 o'clock
in 3011 Angell Hall. Anyone unable
to attend, please leave schedule in
the Mathematics Office.
Far Eastern Art: Office has been
moved from Museums Building to 5
Alumni Memorial Hall.
F.A. 192 Art of China and Japan:
Tu., Th., 9:00 meeting place to be
F.A. 204 Ceramics,
F.A. 206 Mediaeval India,
F.A. 208 Special problems: Hours
and meeting places to be arranged.
Consultation hours 9-11:30; 1-3
daily. All first meetings of Classes
will be held in Room 5, basement
Alumni Memorial Hall.
James Marshall Plumer,
Lecturer on Far Eastern Art
Mathematics 390, Seminar in Topo-
logical Groups. It is proposed for the
group to read and discuss Pontrjagin's
Topological Groups together. Persons
interested please communicate with
Prof. Ayres. Preliminary meeting to
arrange hours on Wednesday, at 4:30
p.n. in 3201 A.H.
Mathematics 193, Introduction to
the Theory of Sets. Preliminary
meeting to arrange hours, Wednes-
day, at 5 o'clock, in 3201, A. H.
Class in English for Foreign Stu-
dents: A non-credit special course in
English for foreign students will be
given at the International Center this
semester on Tuesday and 'Thursday
evenings from 7:15 to 8:15. The Tues-
day evening class, taught by Miss
Aileen Traver, will be devoted to
building an English vocabulary. The
Thursday evening class, under Miss
Adeline Pierce of the University
Speech Clinic, will be a speech-cor-
rection clinic intended to help stu-
dents to develop a correct pronunci-
ation. By special permission a stu-
dent may enroll for one of the two
hours only. Foreign students in need
of this assistance are urged to regis-
ter at once.
J. Raleigh Nelson
Choral Union Concert: Bartlett and
Robertson, the two-piano team, will
give a recital Wednesday, February
14, at 8:30 o'clock, in the Choral
Union Series, in Hill Auditorium.
University Lecture: Dr. Francis G.
Benedict, former Director, Nutrition
Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution
of Washington, will lecture on "Sci-
ence and the Art of Deception" under
the auspices of the Department of In-
ternal Medicine at 4:15 p.m. on Wed-
nesday, February 21, in the Rackham
Lecture Hall. The public is cordially
University Lecture: Dr. Georg
Steindorff, Professor Emeritus of
Egyptology and former Director of
the Egyptological Collection, Univer-
sity of Leipzig, will lecture on "From
Fetishes to Gods in Egypt" (illustrat-
ed) under the auspices of the De-
partment of Oriental Languages at,
4:15 p.m. on Wednesday, February
21, in the amphitheatre of the Rack-
ham Building. The public is cordially
Attention Medical Sadents: Dr.
Malcolm T. MacEachern, Associate
Director of the American College of
Surgeons, will give a lecture in the
Horace H. Rackham Lecture Hall on
Wednesday, February 14, at 4:15 p.m.
His topic is: "The Role of the Hos-
pital in Graduate Education for the
Physician or Surgeon Desirous of Pro-
per Preparation for His Specialty."
All medical students will be dismissed
from classes and are requested to at-
tend. The lecture is open to Hos-
pital staff members and interested
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet in Room 319 West Medical Build-
ing, at 7:30 tonight. Subject: "De-
amination and Urea Formation-The
Role of Ornithine and Arginine." All
interested are invited.
Mathematics Club will meet to-
night at 8 in the East Conference
Room of the Rackham Building. Dr.
Scott will speak on "Convergence of
Botanical Journal Club will meet
tonight at 7:30 in Room N.S. 1139.
Reports by: Byron Janes, "Influence
of auxin upon the distribution of food
substances in plants."
Ruth Schorling, "The nature of the
cellulose wall with special reference
to the work of Mrs. Farr."
Maxwell Mead, "Oxygen regulation
of dormancy of the potato."
Sam Wildman, "The conduction of
organic food materials with special
reference to the work of Crafts."
Varsity Glee Club: Special rehear-
sal for all members tonight at 7:30.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2)
225 A.H.; section 20A (TuTh at 2) in
MWF at 10.
MWF at 10.
MWF at 2.
MWF at 9.
32 meets in 306 M.H.
34 meets in 205 M.H.
in 406 M.H.
114 meets in 401 M.H.
Playwriting (English 150 and 298)
will meet Tues. evening, 7:30, in 3212
A.H., not Monday in 3217 A.H., as in
English 301c (English Hellenism).
Members of the course will meet at
4 p.m. today in 3209 A.H.
English.232. Organization meeting
will be held on Wed., Feb. 14, 4 p.m.,
English 293 (Bibliography. This
course will not be offered during the
English 298. Students in my sec-
tion who have not already reserved a
period for consultation should do so,
this week. I shall be in the Hop-
wood Room every day from 9 to 12
R. W. Corwden