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May 22, 1940 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-05-22

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vVEWITSDAY, MAY 22.. 1940

T H E M..I.HIG A...........



Possibility Of U.


War Arouses


4 /7

Storm Of Protest And Suggestion


r Z

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer .Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
usme for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan. as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4.00; y mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
Editorial Staff

Hervie Haufler
Alvin Sarasohn
Paul M.rChandler
Karl Kessler
Milton Orshefsky .
Howard A. Goldman .
Donald Wirtchafter .
Esther Osser
Helen Corman

. . . Managing Editor
. ditorialyDirector
. . . AsCity Editor
. . . Associate Editor
. . . Associate Editor
* . . Associate Editor
. . . . Sports Editor
. . . Women's Editor
. . . Exchange Editor

Business Staff
Business Manager .
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager

Irving Guttman
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
. Jane Krause

The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
University's Plan
For Adult Education *. *
cation is more than schooling,
state-wide adult education programs developed
by the extension of University facilities and the
cooperation of progressive communities has laid
the cornerstone for the University's current
progress. Challenged by the vital need for com-
munity education, culture, and recreation and
the expansion of higher learning beyond the
campus, the University has taken the first steps
to provide adult education in its widest sense
throughout the state.
Realizing that the task of providing such an
all-inclusive program is beyond the facilities of
any 'single ;institution, the University has fos-
tered a plan of cooperation with other institu-
tions of higher learning offering similar advan-
tages and with the philanthropic foundations
of the state connected in various ways with such
a program. At the basis of the plan, however,
is the individual community. Urgent solicitation
by the community or local agency is the first
impetus recognized for the extension of this
voluntary plan.
Facilities provided by the University fall into
two classes. In the first place, a consultation
service is offered for the formation of a com-
munity council and for the survey of existing
local resources. From the findings of this study,
a recommendation is proposed to remedy or
expand the present inadequacies of the com-
munity. The community council representative
of the different social agencies of the community
are advised on how to establish best a broad
program of community activity.
community school including vocational
training for the unskilled, forums for the ex-
change of information and opinion on social
and economic affairs, increased recreational fa-
cilities, nursery schools, the care of crippled
children, and programs for the prevention of
juvenile delinquency.
In this program the University provides its
second service, instructional personnel from the
staff of the University for the staff of the local
school. Music, speech training, parent educa-
tion, and health education are but a few of
the fields of interest covered by the instruction
of the University professors.
AS ONE of the ghost advanced examples of
community programs of the state, Dowagiac,
Michigan has attracted state and national at-
tention for its progressive program. This has
inspired more than 25 communmies to follow
its notable success. Likewise th organization
of the Branch County Community Corporation
on a county basis is founded, eighteen separate
towns and townships, to make possible more
community participation and activity. With
the cooperation of all social agencies of the
county represented in the Corporation the waste
of over-lapping functions has been eliminated.
Having youth centers at Coldwater and Quincy,
young people of the district have been afforded
vocational, recreational, educational, and guid-
ance facilities otherwise impossible. With the
financial aid of the W. K. Kellogg Foundation,
a well-equipped hospital has been erected to
serve the county.
In view of the predicted stationary popula-

A Mother On Ilyrna
To the Editor:
MAY I commend you for the excellent articles
In The Daily of which you are the author?
Your answer to Prof. Hyma in Saturday's edi-
tion is what has prompted me to write you at
this time. When I read your previous letter, I
was impressed with your restraint in not con-
demning the man who was so obviously allowing
his emotions to temper his discretion. Since
reading .in the Detroit News that Prof. Hyma
has declared: "It is my opinion that in the very
near future our faculty will be obliged before
admitting new students to our University to
inquire into their political views as well as into
their scholastic standings," I am convinced he
lacks more than discretion, and is a very dan-
gerous man to have on the faculty. I am thank-
ful that my son has never been in his classes.
Mother of a Student
Col. Chas. A. Lindbergh,
Columbia Broadcasting System,
Care of WJR, Fisher Tower, Detroit.
Dear Sir:
I wish to commend you for your immortal
radio address. I could not help feeling moved
by the words of the greatest statesman since
Lincoln. It is the answer to a perplexed, sorely
distressed, and fearful people. In its calm, un-
biased, dispassionate consideration of the pres-
ent American problem, it should do much to
shape the destiny of the Americas
It is not for me, a physician, to judge the
merits of a political plan of action, but, as a
part of the Public Health movement, Tcannot
help being struck by the similarity of your
proposal to the mode of action in use today
in Public Health. First the survey to accurate-
ly appraise the existing conditions and as a
result of this the fomulation of a policy to
determine the final action, the program by
which the objectives may be realized.
By your utterances, you give new faith and
new hope to American youth and certainly offer
the way out of a difficult and dangerous situa-
tion, which all Americans have been seeking.
The words of America's greatest citizen cannot
and must not go unheeded.
Marshall W. Meyer, M.D.
The Student And War
To the Editor:
No one will deny that the United States must
have adequate defense. But-is Roosevelt's
armaments program designed simply to pro-
vide adequate defense? Two possible alternative
,"UT OF the melange that was the Drama Sea-
son's second offering of the 1940 season
(sometimes known as Shakespeare's "The Win-
ter's Tale") some new features that are worthy
of noting emerged. It would be difficult to write
about the play as a play or the production as a
production so I shall content myself with point-
ing out these features that made even the pre-
sentation of a notably bad play a very enjoyable
evening's entertainment. That the play failed to
transport the audience into its own Never-Never
Land was not the fault of a cast that was, on the
whole, a pretty able one. But either because of
faults in the structure of the play itself or be-
cause of insufficient imagination applied to the
production or even possibly because of an in-
curably realistic streak in your reviewer, the
production did not seem completely successful
in'sustaining the mood or moods upon which its
appeal depends.
But now to the aforementioned notes which I
shall attempt to transcribe from some rather il-
legible jottings on the margins of a program . .
.. Mady Christians is a very fine actress and gave
a beautiful performance but I kept feeling that
she had wandered in from another play. She
presented a fine study in genuine emotion but
genuine emotion hardly appeared to be in any

great demand . . . Almost the same thing can be
said about Grace Mills, who gave her second ex-
cellent performance in a supporting role in as
many weeks. The atmosphere of the masque
which pervades the final scene makes good act-
ing, if not impossible, at least out of place ...
Even if there were no other reason, I could
recommend attendance to see Hirma Sherman's
lunatic gambollings in the role of Autolycus. One
really can't be sure of the professional ethics of
some of Sherman's antics but it really doesn't
matter much because his scene-stealing was usu-
ally all for the best. From my reading of the play
I don't remember Autolycus as a particularly
uproarious figure, but in Sherman's hands he
became one of Shakespeare's finest efforts ...
... My career as a drama reviewer has been a
short one but should I spend the rest of my life
in these none-too-fertile fields Joseph Holland's
interpretation of Leontes gave me a standard by
which I will be able to measure all "ham" act-
ing. This is not out-of-hand condemnation for,
it is difficult for me to picture Leontes played
straight. However, I could not help but feel that
there was an increment, which grew as the play
progressed, in Mr. Holland's performance that
was strictly gratuitous . . . The much-lionized
and over-publicized Miss Barrymore gave a per-

motives rear their ugly heads: (1) defense of
England and France rather than defense of
America, and (2) creation of an artificial and
unnecessary problem around which political
unity and therefore political strength can be
gathered. The politicians of America can get
no unity around the real problems facing Amer-
ica --unemployment and insecurity - because
they have no real solution to offer to those
problems. Either the understanding or the
courage, or both, are lacking in the Democratic
Party and the Republican Party alike, to intro-
duce and carry through the only measure that
will return the United States to prosperity
without benefit of war. That measure consists
of a bold and relentless attack on the monopoly
controls and the concentration of income and
wealth which are resulting in artificial price
structures and inadequate wages and salaries,
which mean low purchasing power followed by
decreased production and-unemployment.
And what is our Government doing in the
face of this situation? President Roosevelt called
together an industrial parley where representa-
tives of Big Business were to figure out ways
to hasten deliveries of armaments to the Allies.
The American people need food, shelter, cloth-
ing, education, health, recreation-our Govern-
ment devotes its energies to speeding up the
delivery of airplanes, guns, ammunition to the
military authorities of France and England.
In Mr. Roosevelt's industrial parley there
were no representatives of rank and file labor,
of farmers, of youth-those majority sections
which will be most affected by the actions of
the parley. The industrialists in conference
with Mr. Roosevelt can- -and are only too likely
to-gear the whole of American industry into
a program of armaments building at the expense
of living standards, and at the expense of the
civil rights of those who object to less and less
for popular consumption and more and more
for war destruction.
What can we-the students, the factory work-
ers, the farmers, the small businessmen, the
professional workers-do to prevent the gearing
of our economy to war production?
1. We can insist on an armaments program
based on needs of defense, not hysteria.
2. We can insist on economic and military
,cooperation with Latin America on democratic
principles, not on the basis of imperialistic dic-
3. We can insist on demonstrating America's
sincere opposition to unwarranted aggression by
placing an embargo on goods to Japan.
4. We can demand representation of rank
and file labor, youth, farmers, and all other
productive sections of society on any special
boards or commissions created by the govern-
5. We can demand that the munitions indus-
try be nationalized to stop profiteering in muni-
6. We must demand the maintenance and ex-
fension of social legislation and civil liberties.
7. We must demand the abolition of monopoly
control with its artificial price structures and
its concentration of wealth, which are keeping
from us the jobs and the security which we must
have if our country is to remain at peace-and
if our country is to remain a democracy.
Ann Arbor Unit of
New America
Young Gulliver Suggests . .
To the Editor:
ffHIS SENTENCE in the last paragraph of
Professor Slosson's letter in Tuesday's Daily
might well serve as the starting point of a dis-
cussion on America's role in the war: "As to
the frequent charge of being a 'warmonger,' I
can testify that I have spent-literAlly-most
of my free time for twenty continuous years
writing and speaking for world peace, pointing
out the danger of the very war that has come
to the world . .."
No one, it seems to me, can doubt that state-
ment. For my part, I am willing to testify that
during my four years on campus I have seen
no more sincere and determined fighter for
world peace than Professor Slosson. And yet I
know that I am not alone in regarding Professor
Slosson as a very dangerous man, a man who
may be very effective in persuading freshmen
that it is our duty to do and die for Merrie Old
England. Most of the people who have written

letters to The Daily in the past few days have
not concerned themselves with an attempt to
resolve such a strange contradiction.
In a few words: Everybody is for peace, from
President Roosevelt to Earl Browder to Father
Coughlin; yet some of the people who are for
peace are busily engaged at this minute in push-
ing us over the abyss. We all want peace, but
we don't know how to fight for it. So that the
basic problem is not, Do we want peace? The
basic problem is: How are we going to fight
for peace?
LET US EXAMINE the situation as reasonably
as we can. I am not asking that we be dis-
passionate--no one but a moron could be dis-
passionate in times like these. I am suggesting
that possibly we can get farthest with an im-
passioned reasonableness.
It should be fairly clear by now that we will
not get peace by following the Roosevelt path.
By the Roosevelt path I mean the familiar argu-
ment, advanced by a good many faculty men,
that Hitlerism must be destroyed before it de-
stroys "our civilization." Granted that we can
abolish Hitlerism by fire and sword, it hardly
follows that we are safeguarding our peace by
so doing. To smash Hitler our economy must

rew Pean
L. W. (Chip) Robert, secretary of
the Democratic National Committee,
has a plan for refunding war debts,
also for selling more supplies to the
Allies and at the same time ensuring
Western Hemisphere defense.
Briefly put, it is to take a mort-
gage on the British fleet in lieu of
war debts.
In other words, the British would
make a small token payment, then
promise to turn their fleet over to
the United States on the war debt
in case of default. In return, the
Johnson Act would become inopera-
tive, and the United States would
extend immediate war credits.
Behind this, of course, is not so
much the matter of war debts, but
the very real fear that the United
States may lose its greatest bulwark
of protection-the British fleet.
How important the British fleet is
to American defense is only just per-
colating to the general public. Real
fact, however, is that the United
States is not now prepared to defend
both the Pacific and Atlantic coasts,
and will not be prepared for four
more years. It would take at least
that long to build a second fleet.
The keystone of American defense
has been:
1. A big navy in the Pacific.
2. Friendship with Great Britain,
which rules the waves of the Atlantic.
According to the Chip Robert plan,
Great Britain would enter into a
contract with us to deliver the re-
mains of her fleet in case of defeat.
Legally, this might give the British
an excuse for not signing away their
ships to Hitler.
Actually, a good part of the fleet-
at least in North Atlantic waters-
would be out of commission before
the British surrendered. However,
some British vessels still remain in
South American waters, at Singa-
pore and in the Mediterranean.
League, that the main enemy is the
British Empire.
WE ARE LEFT with two alterna-
tives. First,- a thorough-going
isolationism. Second, a consistent
struggle against our own govern-
ment. I omit the pacifist position
because it appears obvious that the
pacifists are going to do nothing but
repeat monotonously that they will
not fight under any circumstances.
Such statements will impress neither
Roosevelt nor the Draft Board.
The isolationist position is no
stronger than that of the pacifists.
If Roosevelt had received, last week,
a million postcards asserting that
The Yanks Are Not Coming," it is
hardly likely that he would have re-
vised his address to Congress. The
President is fully aware of the tre-
mendous isolationist sentimnt of
the American people. Yet it does not
deter him. It does not deter him be-
cause he is fully aware that with
events in Europe breaking right, he
can swing the isolationist sentiment
over to his side overnight. That is
obviously the game he is playing.
And he will succeed (take the case
of Professor Hyma, who could swing
in a few days from isolationism to
war-mongering) if the American
people are not convinced in time
that isolation in itself cannot keep
us out of war.

THE CONCLUSION, I feel, is ob-
vious. The time is past when we
could sit down blithely and dash off
a postcard to FDR, asking him please
to lift the Spanish Embargo, or cut
down on arms expenditures, or keep
us out of war. White House Secretary
Stephen Early let the cat out of the
bag when he announced the other
day that most of the letters received
opposing the President's arms pro-
gram "were signed with foreign
names." That is the extent to which
appeals to the government will be
Our only hope for peace is a con-
sistent, day to day struggle against
the government. We must fight with
all our strength against every step
which the War Deal takes. We must
convince more and more people every
day that the only way to fight
against war is to fight against the
enemy at home, for socialism. If we
should have learned anything from
the first World War, we should have
learned that the main enemy is at
To those of you who agree with
me: Be forewarned that you will be
called fifth columnists, Hitler agents,
traitors. You will be told that you
are impractical, visionary, crackpot,
idealistic . . . But remember that
when Karl Liebknecht got up in Ger-
many twenty-five years ago and
thundered that the main enemy was
at home, he was told that such a

(Continued from Page 2)
be sent to the League in care of Miss
Ethel McCormick. The writer of the
script used for production will be
paid $100.
The Wednesday afternoon record-
ed music.programs, given in the Men's
lounge of the Rackham Building, have
been concluded for this semester. It
is intended that a similar series of
programs be presented during the
Summer Session.
Academic Notices
The Doctoral Examination of Frank
Raymond Blood will be held at
4:00 p.m. today in 317 West
Medical Building. Mr. Blood's de-
partment of specialization is Bi-
ological Chemistry. The title of his
thesis is "The Intermediary Metabo-
lism of Some Sulfur-Containing
Componds Related to Cystine."
Dr. H. B. Lewis as chairman of the
committee will conductthe examina-
tion. By direction of the Executive
Board, the chairman has the privilege
of inviting members of the faculty
and advanced doctoral candidates to
attend the examination and to grant
permission to others who might wish
to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
The Doctoral Examination of Irv-
ing James Cantrall will be held
at 1:30 p.m. today in 2047 Mu-
seum Building. Mr. C/rntrall's
department of specialization is Zo-
ology. The title of his thesis is "The
Ecology of the Orthoptera and Der-
maptera of the Edwin S. George Re-
serve, Livingston County, Michigan
with Notes on Habits and Life His-
Professor F. M. Gaige as chairman
of the committee will conduct the
examination. By direction of the
Executive Board, the chairman has
the privilege of inviting members of'
the faculty and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examina-
tion and to grant permission to others
who might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakn
The Doctoral Examination of Israel
Albert Warheit will be held at
2:00 p.m. today in 204 UH.
Mr. Warheit's department of special-
ization is Germanic Languages and
Literatures. The title of his thesis is
"Jung-Wien as a Literary School,
Schnitzler, Beer-Hofmann, Hofmann-
sthal, 1890-1914."
Professor H. W. Nordmeyer will.
conduct the examination. By direc-
tion of the Executive Board, the
chairman has the privilege of invit-
ing members of the faculty and ad-
vanced doctoral candidates to attend
the examination and to grant per-
mission to others who might wish to
be present.
C. S. Yoakum
The Doctoral Examination of Fran-
cis Edward Throw will be held
at 2:00 p.m. today in the West
Council Room, Rackham Build-
ing. Mr. Throw's department of spe-
cialization is Physics. Tie title of his
thesis is "Some Investigations into
the Mechanism of the Geiger-Muller
Tube Counter."
Professor O. S. Duffendack as
chairman of the committee will con-
duct the examination. By direction
of the Executive Board, the chair-.
man has the privilege of inviting
members of the faculty and advanced
doctoral candidates to attend the ex-
amination and to grant permission
to others who might wish to be pres-
C. S. Yoakum
The Doctoral Examination of
will be held at 2:00 p.m. today
in 21 Angell Tall. Mr. Crit-
May 22, in 21 Angell Hall. Mr. Crit-
tenden's department of specialization

is Geography. The title of his thesis
is "Population Patterns of the South-
ern Appalachian Mountains."
Dr. P. E. James as chairman of the
committee will conduct the examina-
tion. By direction of the Executive
Board, the chairman has the privi-
lege of inviting members of the facul-
ty and advanced doctoral candidates
to attend the examination and to
grant permission to others who might
wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
The Doctoral Examination of Gio-
vanni Giovannini will be held at 2:00
p.m., Thursday, May 23, in 3223
Angell Hall. Mr. Giovannini's de-
partment of specialization is English
Language and Literature. The title
of his thesis is "The Theory of Trag-
edy as History in Renaissance and
Neo-Classical Criticism."
Professor N. E. Nelson as chairman
of the committee will conduct the ex-
amination. By direction of the Ex-
ecutive Board, the chairman has the
privilege of inviting members of the
faculty and advanced doctoral can-
diates to attend the examination and
to grant permission to others who



Executive Board, the chairman has
the privilege of inviting members of
the faculty and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examina-
tion and to grant perlmission to others
who might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
The Doctoral Examination of Lynn
DeForrest Abbott, Jr., will be held at
2:00 p.m., Thursday, May 23, in 315
West Medical Building. Mr. Ab-
bott's department of specialization is
Biological Chemistry. The title of
his thesis is "Glycine Precursors: The
Availability of Some N-Alkyl Glycine
Derivatives for the Synthesis of Hip-
puric Acid by the Rabbit."
Dr. H. B. Lewis as chairman of the
committee will conduct the examina-
tion. By direction of the Executive
Board, the chairman has the privi-
lege of inviting members of the facul-
ty and advanced doctoral candidates
to attend the examination and to
grant permission to others who might
wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Medical Students: Dr. Richard
Harrison Shryock, Professor of His-
tory at the University of Pennsyl-
vania, will present an Extracurricu-
lar Lecture to the Medical School at
the Rackham Lecture Hall on Thurs-
day, May 23, at 4:15 p.m. Subject:
"Cults and Quackery in American
Medical History." All Medical School
classes will be dismissed at 4:00 p.m.,
in order that the students may attend
this lecture. All interested students
and laymen are invited.
Dr. Bruno Meinecke, of the Latin
Department, will give a demonstrated
lecture on "Ancient Grecian Music",
on Thursday, May 23, at 8:00 p.m.
in the East Lecture Room of the
Rackham Building. The public is
cordially invited.
Today's Events
Seminar in Physical Chemistry will
meet in Room 122 Chemistry Build-
ing at 4:15 p.m. today. Mr. Amos
S. Newton will speak on "Determina-
tion of crystal structure by Fourier
analysis of x-ray diffraction pat-
Junior Mathematical Society will
have a picnic at the Island to-
day, leaving from in front of An-
gell Hall at 4 o'clock. All interested
in going call Sally Lev or Ted Hilde-
Machine Design Motion Economy-
A 1600 foot movie on "Machine De-
sign and Motion Economy" will be
shown at 7:30 tonight in Room
348, West Engineering Building.
This film was shown at the
A. S. M. E. annual meeting last
December. It is supplied through
the courtesy of the General Motors
Corporation, Saginaw Steering Gear
Division. All interested are invited
to attend.

Mimes Meeting at 7:30
Room 323, Michigan Union.
sion of new opera plans
closing of business.

and the

Alpha Nu Speech Society will meet
tonight at 7:30 in room 304 in the
Cercle Francais: Meeting tonight
at 8:00 in 408 R.L.
A.S.M.E.: The final meeting of the
year will be held tonight at the Union
at 7:30. Mr. Ben Beyer and Mr.
Tom Jeffords will speak. Mr. Fred
Jennings will present "The Junior En-
gineer in Industry." Election of offi-
cers for the coming year will be held
after the talks. All engineers are in-
vied to attend.
The Slavic Club will meet at te
International Center tonight at 7:30.
All members are requested to at-
The Jewish History class will meet
at the Hillel Foundation tonight at
Women's Club will meet today.
The following gardens will be open
during the afternoon:L
Mrs. E. B. M~ains, 1911 Lorraine
Place; Mrs. John Brumm, 1916 Cam-
bridge Road; Mrs. 0. R. Greschke,
1258 Ferdon Road; Mrs. Bradley Pat-
ten, 2126 Highland Road; Mrs. Ra-
leigh Schorling, 403 Lenawee Drive;
Mrs. G. E. Killins, 401 Lenawee Drive;
Tea will be served at the home of
Mrs. J. H. Kemper, 2605 Bedford
Road at 4:30 p.m.
Coming Events
The English Journal Club will meet
Tuesday, May 28, at 8 o'clock in the
West Conference Room of the Rack-
ham Building. There will be election
of officers, and further examination
of the question. "How much histori-

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