THE MICHIGAN DAILY
"HE MICHIGAN DAILY
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CHICAGO - BOSTON * LOs ANGELES SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939.40
Carl Petersen . . . . Managing Editor
Elliott Maraniss . . . . Editorial Directo
Stan M. Swinton . . . . City Editor
Morton L. Linder . . . . . Associate Editor
Norman A. Schorr . . . . . Associate Editor
Dennis Flanagan . . . . . Associate Editor
John N. Canavan . . Associate Edito
Ann Viary . . . Womens Edtr.
Mel Fineberg Sport,' Editr
Business Manager -. Paul H. Park
Asst. Business Mgr., Credit Manager Ganson P. Taggart
Women's Business Manager . Zenovia Skoratko
Women's Advertising Manager . . Jane Mowers
Publications Manager . . , Harriet S. Levy
NIGHT EDITOR: ELIZABETH M. SHAW
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
In The Orient ....
F WE ARE to remain at peace, it is
essential that we be strong enough
to make Japan afraid to involve us in war."
Here is the latest utterance of feeling which
has recently become more and more prevalent
throughout the United States. It was made
Monday by Read Admiral Joseph K. Taussig,
testifying before the Senate Naval Committee,
The Admiral, of course, made it clear that
his testimony was purely personal opinion, and
it was later duly refuted by the Navy Depart-
ment. Nevertheless, his viewpoint-that the Far
Eastern situation is the one most likely to in-
volve the United States in war-can be sup-
ported by a logical and powerful argument.
Referring to the possibility of Japanese dom-
ination of the Netherlands East Indies, French
Indo-China and Malaya, Admiral Taussig warn-
ed: "An expansion of the power of the Japanese
Empire :such as outlined is a dangerous threat
to the United States, and the great question is
whether from the point of view of our own
national safety we can acquiesce in such a
development without definite opposition."
United States interest in the Dutch East In-
dies centers about two considerations: the un-
usual richness and fertility of the islands, and
their proximity to the Philippines.
We depend on the Dutch Empire for a large
part of our supply of rubber, tin, quinine, copra
and other essential commodities. A Japanese-
controlled East Indies would render the islands
a highly unreliable source for these products,
Our government, then, could not but look with
misgivings upon a Japanese move in that direc-
Moreover, if Japan ousts the Netherlands
from the Indies, the Philippines would be al-
most entirely surrounded by Nipponese domina-
tion. An ominous Japanese infiltration has al-
ready started in the Philippines. Also, as we
are still bound to protect them until 1946, and
as naval experts consider Philippine naval bases
vital to our Pacafic fleet, we doubtless could
not suffer any hostile moves by Tokyo in the
direction of Manila.
Furthegr significance can be attached to a
Japanese move "south of Singapore," when
one sees in it the possible merger of the Euro-
pean and Far Eastern conflicts. If and when
little Holland is drawn into war, it will obviously
be in no position to defend its position in the
East. Britain and France, ther fleets busy in
European waters, could render no aid. It is
evident, then, that-if the Dutch position in the
Indies is to be maintained-the United States
alone must see to it. Therein lies a grave possi-
bility of our going to war.
Official American interest in the East Indies
has been very evident lately in American-Ja-
panese diplo acy. Secretary Hull's recent for-
mal statement calling upon "all nations" to
respect the status quo in that region indicates
the real importance which our State Depart-
ment attaches to the quesion.
The implication in the statement is obvious.
Great Britain has no intention of seizing the
islands. (She could easily have done so at any
time during the past two centuries, but British
policy has for a long time supported the Dutch
in the Orient.) France, or-for that matter-
no other European power, is in a position to
make such a hostile move. The only nation
Problem Again.. ..
T RAGEDY HAS STRUCK again to
those who made the greatest mass
exodus in modern history.
For more than a year, 500,000 Spanish refu-
gees have made their home in France. Today
these concentration camps, havens of shelter
and safety, are being closed by order of the
French government. As far as the French are
concerned, this move is purely routine. .There
are two kinds of refugees; those who can return
to Spain and those who can't. The former are
being repatriated into Spain and the others
are being absorbed into French industry.
Probing beneath the surface of this apparent-
ly harmless move, an ulterior and far more
meaningful motive may be discovered. It is
possible that by withdrawing assistance, meagre
as it may have been, the refugees will be forced
to return to the country from which they fled
in terror and protest against rule by Franco.
General Franco is still in Spain. The more Span-
iards that are forced to return, the better eco-
nomic relations will exist between France and
Spain. At present Franco's stand in the Euro-
pean conflict is a neutral one. It is vital to the
Allies' interest that if Franco and his forces
won't augment theirs, atleast theyhmusthbe kept
on the fence as a bystander rather than as a
belligerent. Of course, there is a price to be
paid for Franco's neutrality. The forcing of
the refugees back into the arms of Franco and
what he stands for is part of the fee.
France's interest in the Spanish refugees is
not purely altruistic. When the war broke out,
France suffered an acute labor shortage. Ap-
proximately 80,000 to 100,000 Spanish Repub-
licans still remain in France. They have been
drafted for labor service. Men in the Labor
Corps receive 50 centimes a day, which is the
equivalent of one cent in American money, after
the government has made deduction for their
maintenance. They are treated with army dis-
cipline and move from section to section, pre-
paring defenses, building road and fortifications.
More than 300,000 women and children who
nave enjoyed French hospitality, have made
their homes in an open air prison at St. Cyprien.
Ten thousand more have been housed since the
close of the war in the reopened old, "ghost
city," Angeles, which had beenevacuated since
July, 1939, because of the conditions of filth
and disease prevalent there. Under the new
regulations, only women whose husbands or
immediate relatives are members of the Labor
Corps or are employed elsewhere may enjoy the
privileges of living in these disease-breeding
camps. They may remain, too, if they them-
selves find work, but jobs for women refugees
are hard to find. Orphans and children whose
parents are now in Spain are also affected by
France's drastic decrees. The majority of them
are repatriated. Only 12,000 will remain after
the decree has been carried out in full.
The problem of these 500,000 kicked-around
refugees involves world-wide consideration.
The creation of colonies to which they can go
and which will provide care for the mothers
and their children who have found work, has
been advocated. From the number of sugges-
tions, the proposal for emigration to Central
and South America stands out as most logical
and hopeful. A world-wide drive has been in-
stigated to raise funds for this purpose. Costs
of emigration per person varies from $85 to
$200. Our money can find no better purpose
than going to swell a fund which will aid the
Spanish refugees who are forced to choose be-
tween the lesser of two great evils, live a new
life of their own.
- Helen Corman
Relief Chiselers .. .
O NE OF the stock rationalizations for
doing nothing about the relief prob-
lem is the contention that the relief rolls are ha-
vens for "chiselers" who live off the public purse.
If facts have any meaning to the propounders
of inaction they must now change their tune,
for a special inquiry into this question has just
reported that very few families on relief are
not qualified to be there.
The inquiry was conducted in New York at
the direction of Mayor LaGuardia. From a
sample of 2,907 home-relief cases taken for
special study the investigators found that only
54 relief recipients were not entitled to public
assistance-in other words, less than two per-
That most people are honest and that there
does exist a large degree of genuine destitution
in this country are rather indisputably proved.
No, malnutrition, ill-housing, and ill-clothing
aren't figments of anybody's imagination.
- Robert Speckhard
With the release of the excellent documentary
film, "The Fight for Life," word comes that the
United States Film Service, which produced it,
is itself fighting for life. The Film Service,
headed by Pare Lorentz, had previously issued
"The Plow That Broke the Plains" and "The
River," and had planned to make a new picture
dealing with the unemployed. But this will not
be made unless a new appropriation for the
Film Service, whose funds will be exhausted
in June, is voted by Congress. A bill that would
provide enough money for the Film Service
to carry on its work is now pending before the
House Appropriations Committee, and we can-
not too strongly urge its passage. Never in
recent years has it been more urgent for Amer-
ica to turn its eyes on its own problems, and
no one has come forward with better eyeglasses
than the Film Service (or, if you excuse the
pun, much better spectacles).
- New Republic
WASHINGTON-Allied diplomats, who mo--
mentarily expect Italy to enter the war, have
figured out a definite clue to give them warning.
It is the Italian luxury liner Rex. Obviously
Mussolini does not want to lose her.
So if the Rex sails from Genoa on April 30,
Italy will not enter the war for at least another
two weeks. But if the Rex remains in port
after the time of her scheduled sailing, then
Mussolini will fight on the side of Hitler.
-.Note-Most significant kiss since Biblical days
may have been given by an officer of the Rex
when he bade good-bye to his New York sweet-
heart last week. Intelligence officers, who don't
miss little things, reported that he bade her a
Europe's Time Bomb
A flood of important diplomatic dispatches
have been coming in from the Mediterranean-
all of them discouraging.
Briefly summarized, it looks as if the dictators
are ready to apply the squeeze to the Allies on
several fronts-from Gibraltar to the Black
..In Spain-Dictator Franco suddenly has come
to life and is concentrating troops near Gibral-
tar, symbol of the might of the British Empire.
All indications are that the time is ripe (prob-
ably in concert with the other dictators) he
will move onto the giant Rock.
..In Albania-Dictator Mussolini has rushed
large detachments of men and they are now
feverishly building roads from the Adriatic to
Macedonia. This would permit Italy to cut
through to Salonika, thereby block Greece from
the rest of the world.
..In Jugoslavia-Mussolini is reported ready to
seize the Dalmatian coast, and help the Croats
become independent of the Serbs. An "inde-
pendent" Coatia under Italian "protection" is
reported to be one of the bribes Hitler offered
..In Rumania-Dictator Stalin long has been
ready to pounce on Bessarabia, also Hungary on
Transylvania and Germany on Rumanian oil
This huge squeeze play is reported to be all
set for Hitler to give the signal-presumably
by the occupation of Holland or an attack on
the Maginot Line.
Will You, Mr. President?
The nation's smartest newspaper editors gath-
ered at the White House last week, peppering
Roosevelt with off-the-record questions.
But the biggest of all political questions they
left unasked: "Will Roosevelt run for a third
term?" Next day newspaper accounts said they
asked it, but they didn't-probably because they
figured Roosevelt was sure not to answer.
Undoubtedly they were right. However, it
was paradoxical that those very, very close to
the presidential desk last week got the most
definite impression gained so far that the Pres-
ident is going to run.
Maybe this one is a clue to the third term
A friend encountered Irvin McDuffie, cheery
Negro valet of President Roosevelt, and in-
quired what he was doing.
"Oh, I'm not working for the President any
more," he said. "I'm over in the Treasury."
"In the Treasury! What happened?"
"Nothing happened," replied McDuffie with
a broad grin. "I just figured that with things
as uncertain as they are I'd better get me a
regular job while the getting was good. So
that's why I'm over in the Treasury. That's
a lot more permanent"
The real author of Secretary Hull's "Keep Out
of the Dutch East Indies" note was Stanley
Hornbeck, for many years chief Far Eastern
adviser of the State Department.
Hornbeck is a former Harvard professor, has
spent several years in China, and was appointed
by Frank B. Kellogg. For ten years Hornbeck
has been warning both Republican and Demo-
cratic Secretaries of State that Japan was go-
ing on the rampage in China, and urging a
With Roosevelt and Ilull he has more progress
than with Hoover and Coolidge, with the result
that they have been figuring out ways and
means of stopping what they figured to be the
inevitable push of Japan toward the Dutch East
First move was when Roosevelt pulled the
U.S. fleet back from the New York World's Fair
when things looked black in Europe last sum-
mer. This was a gesture to Japan.
Second move was when he sent the fleet out
to Hawaii from the California coast last au-
And the third move---sending the fleet farther
out into the Pacific-has been secretly discussed
for some time. In fact, Secretary Hull had a
meeting with the admirals about two months
ago in which they weighed the pros and cons
of letting the fleet cruise around the probable
path to be taken by the Japanese fleet should
they decide to head for the Dutch East Indies.
In the end the admirals decided it was too
May Meat tWar
But-and this is important-the U.S. fleet is
now 800 miles beyond Hawaii. It is on maneu-
vers, and obviously will not remain there long.
But it is not without significance that the
President chose this particular time, when Ger-
many was pressuring Holland, to stage theN
Also it is not without significance that he
3y young Gulliver
'THIS STORY has been kicking
around town for a couple weeks
now, but Gulliver is going to let
fly with it just the same. Raymond1
Massey, the gent who looks likeC
Abraham Lincoln in the stage and
screen versions of Robert Sherwood's
good play, has been going around'
acting like the Emancipator when
he should be acting like Massey. One
night a little while ago he walked
into a party in ,New York. A lot
of people were gathered there, and
Massey came in late. He stalked in
slowly, gravely removed his top hat.
ceremoniously drew off his gloves
and tossed them into the hat, and
sat down in a corner with his hands
between his knees, looking for all
the world as though he was worry-
ing about when to free the slaves.
George S. Kaufman was sitting
over at the other end of the room.
"Look at that guy," he snickered,
pointing at Massey, "he won't be
satisfied until he's assassinated . .."
GULLIVER has been in a dilemma
lately. You may not know it. but
he has some pretty close connec-
tions with Mr. Big of Murder, Inc.
All he has to do is snap his fingers-
phsst, like that-and one of the
Vice-Presidents of Murder, Inc. will
show up in Ann Arbor loaded down
with Tommy guns, razor blades,
kitchen knives, towrope, and other
toys, ready to do Gulliver's bidding.
Your hero has been thinking of call-
ing this guy into consultation about
those problem children who have
been littering the campus with signs
like GIVE THE WORM A CHANCE,
LET'S SEE IF THE WALKS CAN
TAKE IT, STOP: THRU GRASS
WAY, and so on. But the situation
has become complicated now by the
emergence( from under stones, prob-
ably) of some thousands of students
who think they have better jingles
than the ones which have already
been foisted upon us. Such as:
ROSES ARE RED, VIOLETS ARE
BLUE, STAY OFF THE GRASS:
THIS MEANS YOU. (All right, so
Gulliver did make that one up-so
The point is, who to knock off-
the original perpetrators of the das-
tardly deed, or the hordes of corny
imitators? In the meantime, Y. G.
makes some brilliant suggestions.
(1) Take down the signs and put
up billboards. The billboards will
bear such simple, unaffected inscrip-.
tions as STAY THE HELL OFF THE
GRASS, GO ON, GO HOME, GET
A HORSE, etc.
(2) Starve out some of the Ann
Arbor Large Dogs that are always
lolling around harmlessly. Get them
good and ravenous and then chain
them up, one to a lawn. That'll do
(3) This one' is pretty weak, bu
it's a suggestion. Viz: give the whole
thing up and lay brick walks along
all the short cuts. There won't be
much lawn left, but everybody wil
(4) Suggestion number four may
be considered as Gulliver's trump
card. It is bold, it is daring, it i
radical-but could you ask for les
from Gulliver? Remove the gras
from the campus entirely. Trans-
port it to the Arboretum or som
other remote spot. Then cover th
campus, from one end to the other
with concrete. To say that the ef-
fects of such an action would b
far-reaching and revolutionary is t
understate the case. Consider: in
spring, fall and summer everyon
(paunchy faculty men included
will rollerskate to school. When th
University is closed the campus can
be leased out as an outdoor rolle.
rink-there's milliins in it. Durin
the winter the campus will be flood
ed and frozen; everyone (paunch
faculty men included) will ice skat
THE slogan, CONCRETIZE TH
CAMPUS, should win wide
spread support. You realize that n
mgore grass means no more Building
and Grounds Department, which i
turn means no more silly slogans
For his lasting services to the Uni
versity Gulliver expects nothing
more than a simple plaque sunk i
a central spot on campus, say in
front of the Library, with thes
words: In Memoriam. Young Gul
liver. He Ironed Out The Campus .
Newsmen And Dictators
The lesson that James R. Young
correspondent for International New
Service, learned in Japan is one h
undoubtedly needed to learn: tha
freedom of speech does not exist i
a totalitarian state.
But it is humiliating for an Amer
ican to be convicted in a Japanes
court on a charge of "sending from
China extremely slanderous news re
ports regarding the Japanese forces
and of "spreading fabrications an
rumors among Japanese and foreign
If the Japanese objected, whieb
they did of course, it would seem
more courteous to the United State
frd ~ranntfion toe h the nnish
THURSDAY, APRIL 25, 1940 b
VOL. L. No. 146 t
Honors Convocation: The Seven- i
teenth Annual Honors Convocation a
of the University of Michigan will be o:
held Friday, April 26, at 11 o'clock.
in Hill Auditorium. Classes with the
exception of clinics, will be dismissed 1
at 10:45. Those students in clinical t
classes who are receiving honors at a
the Convocation will be excused in
order to attend. The faculty, seniors,
and graduate students are requested
to wear academic costume but there
is no procession. Members of the S
faculty are asked to enter by the rearC
door of Hill Auditorium and proceed c
directly to the stage, where arrange- S
ments have been made for seating n
them. The public is invited.A
Alexander G. Ruthven m
Freshmen and Sophomores, College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
The Academic Counselors will begin
approval of elections for the first e
semester of the 1940-41 academicL
year on April 29. You will be sent a o
postcard requesting you to make an
appointment with your Counselor for1a
this purpose. It is expected that youe
will answer this summons promptly.
It will be possible for you at this timee
to receive attention that cannot pos-
sibly be given during the rush of
registration in September and willo
save you much timne and trouble if
attended to before you leave in June.
This applies to students who will
have less than 60 hours of course
credit in June.
Arthur Van Duren, Chairmana
M. Gomberg Scholarship and Paulc
F. Bagley Scholarship in Chemistry:
These scholarships of $200 each are
open to juniors and seniors majoring
in chemistry. Preference will be giv-
en to those needing financial assist-
ance. Application blanks may be ob-c
tained in Room 212 Chemistry Build-
ing and must be filed not later than
May 10. '
Graduate Training for Social Work:t
Professor Arthur Dunham of the fac-
ulty of the Curriculum in Social
Work, a division of the Graduatef
School of the University, with head-
quarters at 40 East Ferry Ave., De-
troit, will be on campus today for in-
dividual consultation with students
who are interested in graduate train-
ing for social work or in the possible
choice of social work as a vocation.
Professor Dunham will meet students
at Lane Hall; appointments should
be made in advance through the
office at Lane Hall.
Summer Employment: All students
applying for the Civil Service posi-
tion of Playleader in Detroit must
t fill out and send in an additional,
questionnaire. These questionnaires
may be obtained at the Bureau of1
Appointments, 201 Mason Hall, office
h hours 9-12, 2-4. This blank, with
the application form, must be re-
y turned to Detroit by Friday,April 26.
Doctoral Examination of Kenneth
s Pickett Davis will be held at 2:00
s p.m. today in 2045 Natural Science
- Building. Mr. Davis' department of
e specialization is Forestry and Con-
e versation. The title of his thesis is
"Economic Management of Western
- White Pine Forests."
e Dean S. T. Dana, as chairman of
n the committee, will conduct the ex-
, amination. By direction of the Ex-
e ecutive Board, the chairman has the
> privilege of inviting members of the
e faculty and advanced doctoral candi-
a dates to attend the examination and
r to grant permission to others who
g might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
y 2-- -
e Dotoral Examination of Miss Em-
ma L. Moon will be held at
E 3:30 p~m. today in 110 Romance
Languages Building. Miss Moon's
0 department of specialization is Ro-
g mnance Languages: French. The title
n of her thesis is "A Metrical Study of
the Three Successive Versions of
Gervais de Basire's Lycoris with Spe-
- cial Attention to the Observance of
the Principles of Malherbe."
n Professor C. A. Knudson, as chair-
e man of the committee, will conduct
- the examination, By direction of the
Executive Board, the chairman has
the privilege of inviting members of
the faculty and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examination
. and to grant permission to others
r who might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
n Schoolmasters Club Tickets for Stu-
dents are available in the office of the
- School of Education (1435 UES) and
e in the Registrar's Office (4 UH).
Senior Engineers: Caps and gowns
will be available at the Michigan
d League today, 3:00-5:30, for those
-_ desiring them for Honors Convoca-
tion. Rental charge on gowns and a
h deposit are required. The gowns
n need not be returned until after
s graduation. Those not getting caps
- and gowns at this time may get them
e paid by Friday, April 26. in order
3 rent caps and gowns from En-
neering Council at reduced prices.
Literary School Seniors: Measure-
ients are now being taken for caps
nd gowns. Moe's Sport Shop is the
A limited number of tickets for the
940 Military Ball still available to
he general public and may be secured
t ROTC Headquarters today.
Orchestra Concert: The University
ymphony Orchestra, Thor Johnson,
"onductor, will give a special program
omplimentary to the Michigan
Schoolmasters' Club Friday after-
Loon, April 26, at 2:30 o'clock in Hill
auditorium. The public will be ad-
nitted without admission charge.
There will be an exhibit of the
etchings of the late Dr. Warren P.
Lombard, and a retrospedtive exhibit
f the paintings of Horatio W. Shaw,
pupil of the American artist, Thom-
is Eakins, in Alumni Memorial Hall,
ending May 3.
The gallery will be open from 2-5
every day, including Sundays. A
preview of the exhibits for members
of the Ann Arbor Art Association
will be held in Alumni Memorial
Hall tonight at 8:00.
Retrospective exhibits of the etch-
ings and drawings of Dr. Warren P.
Lombard, and the paintings of Hor-
atio W. Shaw, until May 3, West Gal-
lery, Alumni Memorial Hall, 2-5, every
day, including Sundays. Auspices
University Institute of Fine Arts and
Ann Arbor Art Associatin.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: Drawings presented in
competition for the Ryerson Schol-
arship offered by the Lake Forest
Foundation for Architecture and
Landscape Architecture. Work of
selected students from Armour Insti-
tute of Technology, Universities of
Illinois, Cincinnati, Ohio State, Mich-
igan, and Iowa State College. Open
daily 9 to 5, except Sunday, third
floor exhibition room, through April
25. The public is invited.
University Lecture: Professor Doug-
las Johnson, of Columbia University,
will lecture on "Geology and the Stra-
tegy of the Present War" under the
auspices of the Department of Ge-
ology today at 4:15 p.m. in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall. The public is cord-
Carnegie Lectures: Dr. Carlos Del-
gado de Carvalho, Professor of Soci-
ology in the Colegio Pedro II and Pro-
fessor of the Geography of Brazil in
the Vniversity of Brazil, the Visiting
Carnegie Professor, will be in resi-
dence at the University of Michigan
until May 10.
The following series of lectures has
been arranged under the auspices of
the Division of the Social Sciences:
"Present Trends in Brazilian Edu-
cation" today at 4:15 p.m., Rackham
"The Immigration Problem in Bra-
zil" (Annual Phi Kappa Phi Lecture)
on Tuesday, April 30, 8:30 p.m., Mich-
igan Union, Large Ballroom.
"The New Brazilian State" on Mon-
day, May 6, 4:15 p.m., Rackham
All of the above lectures are open
to the public.
Biochemistry Lecture: Dr. Harold
H. Williams, Assistant Director of
the Research Laboraories of the Chil-
dren's Fund of Michigan, will discuss
"Lipid Studies of Blood and Tis-
sues," on Saturday, April 27, at 10:30
a.m., in the East Lecture Room of
the Rackham Building. 'Those inter-7
ested are invited.
Political Science Round Table will
meet tonight at 7:30 in the West Con-
ference Room of the Rackham Build-
ing. Subject: "Freedom of Speech
and the Press."
The Observatory Journal Club will
meet in the Observatory Lecture
Room today at 4:15 p.m. Dr. A. D.
Maxwell will speak on "A Short
Method of Determining Preliminary
Parabolic Orbits of Comets." Tea at
All Pharmacy Students are request-
ed to attend the College of Pharmacy
assembly to be held today in Room
151 Chemistry Building, at 4:45 p.m.
It is important that everyone be
Varsity Glee Club: Rehearsal
tonight at the Presbyterian Church,
1432 Washtenaw, at 8:00.
Michigan Union Sciwdule for to-
day: Room 116, Geography and Geol-
ogy Departments, 12:15 p.m.
Room 101, Michigan Sailing Club,
12:15 p.m.; Latin Department, 6:00
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN