T1E MTCHTGAN DAILY
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The editorials published in The Michigan
'Daily are written by members of Te Daily
staff and repr et the views of the witers
Greenland's cy Mountains
To Indies' Cora Strand , . .
A PROPOS to the peace rallies held
on this and other campuses the
country over, there have arisen in the past few
days two perplexing problems and potential
threats to the peace of the United States. These
are: the peculiar "no-man's-land" status of
Greenland. and the vulnerability of the Dutch
East Indies to Japanese invasion in event of
another German "blitzklrleg" in. the low coun-
The position of Greenland, of course, inside
the Western Hemisphere places it within the
sphere of the Monroe Doctrine. Economically
the island has little to offer any designing coun-
try other than a handful of inoffensive Es-
kimoes, an ice dome which occupies the entire
Island but for narrow strips of barren land
on the coasts and a cryolite (aluminum) de-
posit which has been rendered obsolete by mod-
ern methods of extraction from bauxite (clay).
GREENLAND'S potential value lies in its
adaptability as an air or naval base. It
is a significant fact that modern bombers, with
full load, can make the trip to New York from
Greenland in eight hours. Air time from Lon-
don, Berlin and Paris to Greenland is also ap-
proximately eight hours.
Of course, there has been much speculation
as to how this base might be supplied with
necessary fuel and other war materials. Some
military experts claim this could possibly be
accomplished by heavy submaincs or convoyed
supply ships. At any rate, with the present
spread of operations, German occupation of
Greenland remains a threat to nearby Canada
and what affects Canada will be felt in the
THE SECOND hot spot suddenly to pop upon
the world scene is the unstable status of the
Dutch East Indies-threatened at any moment
by Japanese occupation should Germany invade
the Netherlands. Unlike Greenland, the Dutch
East Indies are immensely rich in natural re-
sources, particularly petroleum, tin, rubber and
spices. They could serve as an important source
of income and supply as well as a base of oper-
ations for the Japanese.
America's interest in the Indies is twofold:
economic and political. The largest percentage
of mine properties in the islands have been
developed by British and American capital.
These companies have employed the very latest
methods of exploration, mapping and develop-
ment. They have helped materially to boost
the islands, along with the Malay Peninsula,
to first place in the world production of tin and
fifth place in the output of petroleum.
HOWEVER, the political aspect offers mant
more complications. Secretary of State
Cordell Hull recently issued a statement to
Ambassador Joseph C. Grew subtly worded with
relative terms, but which when read between
the lines spelled "Keep out of the-SIndies.".
Many fear that Japan might undertake to
"protect" the islands in case they are divorced
from their mother country. The burden of
responsibility in. event of such action would fall
upon the United States flet, since by tacit
agreement the United States navy stands guard
in the Pacific while John Bull attempts to main-
tain the status Qiuo in the Atlantic.
'T 6TAAT3''O'G A'_A fTC"'TAfNT rnalina.. ha.n h aan
would also offer a serious threat to the peace
and stability of the Philippine Islands.
Uncle Sam is caught between two oceans as
the second world war is closing in as an ac-
tuality as well as a name. There are many
provocations inviting the United States to en-
ter the conflict. The time has never been as
ripe and propitious for a nation-wide declara-
tion that "The Yanks Are Not Coming!"
- Malcolm Hunger
And American Brands .. .
A T THE SAME TIME that all the
ingenuity of modern military sci-
ence is today being utilized to the end of de-
struction in Europe, American medical science
is making new and significant discoveries that
promise to all men larger opportunity for health
and physical security.
Of outstanding importance is the new treat-
ment for syphilis, which cuts down the period
of medical care from nearly two years to five
days. In the past a large proportion of all
syphilis victims abandoned treatment because it
was so costly and long drawn out. This was the
reason for the difficulty in controlling the di-
sease, for many patients would disappear from
treatment clinics before they were rendered
IT HAS just been announced that a combina-
tion of vitamin C and calcium holds out an
impressive promise of relief for sufferers from
hay fever, asthma and other allergies. A new
compound, sulfadiazine, has proved highly ef-
fective against pneumonia and streptococcus in-
Hormones, on the production of which life
depends, are now created synthetically from
coal, water and limestone. A method has been
devised for extracting from grass for human
food its extraordinary rich vitamin content, ten
to twenty times as high than that of ordinary
THAT SCIENCE should contribute such con-
structive discoveries as these and at the same
time produce more deadly agents of destruction
might at first appear paradoxical. The answer
lies in the policy that those who employ science
pursue; science may be perverted to any end.
Let these extraordinary discoveries continue-
let us always "pervert" science to the cause of
-- Robert Speekhard
3Rcbed S. AIte#
N ORDER to understand how the Nazis staged
their "Trojan Horse" invasion of Norway, it
is necessary to get an inside view of the Nor-
wegian political picture.
Secret of the Nazi success was a serious rift
between the Labor government ruling Norway
and Norwegian big business. The situation was
not unlike the bitter row which has existed
between the Roosevelt New Deal and American
Norwegian business men, while not exactly
pro-Nazi, toyed with the hope that Germany
might rescue them from a Labor government,
which they had been unable to overthrow at
the ballot box. t
It is doubtful whether the great mass of
Norwegian business men would have favored
an outright occupation by Germany, but ac-
cording to official reports cabled here, they
seemed to have the idea that after turning out,
the Labor government, Hitler would restore
Norway to conservative rule.
There was also a powerful clique within the
Norwegian army which was even more strongly
pro-Nazi. Norway's army is not large, consisting
chiefly of a militia officered in part by business
and professional men not in sympathy with
They argued that sifnee Labor hadc spent so
much money on social welfare and neglected
national defense, the Labor Government could
take the consequences. These were the officers
whom the Nazis induced to keep their men out
of the way when German troops first landed.
Note-Unlike Norway, Sweden enjoys a so-
cial-democrat or pro-labor government in which
there is a very genuine and whole-hearted co-
operation between labor and business.
Dutch Predicament ...
For some time the political situation in the
Netherlands has been somewhat similar to that
Holland is in the hands of a coalition govern-
ment with so-called New Deal leanings, al-
though not as liberal as the Roosevelt Admin-
istration. Big business in Holland and the
Queen herself are not particularly in sympathy
with the government, and there was a time
when conservative business opinion was strong-
ly for yielding to the Germans in case of an
invasion, rather than staging a fight which
would ruin most of Holland. Even the Queen
was known to subscribe to this policy.
But with the occupation of Denmark and
Norway, sentiment in Holland is changing.
There still exists some argument among big
business men that it would take decades to pay
for the damage of war, and that it would be
far better to yield and do business under Ger-
Furthermore, the Queen still is surrounded
h... !'!n +tvnro n"..- -.4 %_Luo i % - A - T -rs
By YOUNG GULLIVER
YOUR favorite columnist went to the Peace
Rally Friday morning. On Friday after-
noon he went to the Spring Parley, and he spent
Saturday exclusively at the World Scene panel
of the Parley. Such is consistency. Gulliver
is now able to report that the students are over-
whelmingly united in their desire to stay out
of the European war. On methods of staying
out of the war they are, it would seem, almost
hopelessly divided. Which is reason enough,
not for fatalism, but for a thoughtful examina-
tion of the problem.
Nobody, apparently, disagreed with Senator
Nye's main contentions last Friday-we are
drifting towards war, the Roosevelt administra-
tion is pushing us on by means of open par-
tiality and attempts to transform our economy
into a war economy, it is not our war, we should
stay out. Fine. How are we to stay out?
Through a stern determination to stay out. How
do we make use of the stern determination?
Somehow. Somehow. Somehow.
Thousands of students came out to demon-
strate against warand were told that we must
stay out somehow. Maybe "our' splendid Sen-
ator Vandenberg" can do the trick. Or maybe
Tom Dewey, who knows less about foreign af-
fairs than Alf Landon. In other words, Senator
Nye just doesn't know. Within his limitations,
his speech was fine (and the rest of the rally
was certainly excellent); it gave expression to
that unspoken, but apparently paramount de-
sire of all students eligible for the draft. But
it said absolutely nothing on the concrete prob-
lems connected with staying out of the war.
INCIDENTALLY, the Communists were selling
a pamphlet the other day called The Roose-
velt War Deal, which Gulliver bought and read.
He is constrained to report that the boys have
again demonstrated their almost uncanny abil-
ity to make the wrong prophecy at the wrong
time. Sample: The Soviet-Finnish peace con-
stitutes the greatest contribution to world peace
since the outbreak of the war in Europe. In-
stead of spreading, the war has been narrowed
down. The Scandinavian people have been
spared the fate of seeing their countries con-
verted into a huge No-Man's Land.. ."
SO GULLIVER trotted over to the Spring Par-
ley. At the World Scene panel everybody
quickly settled down to a discussion of the prob-
lems which weren't brought up at the Peace
Rally. As far as Y. G. is concerned, it was
pretty fruitful. There was general agreement
that the war is an imperialist war, that both
sides are guilty of defrauding their peoples, and
that therefore the American people have no
interest in a victory of either side. The points
of disagreement were basic and deserve plenty
of airing. This is the way Gulliver saw it:
(1) We must begin now to build a new world
structure-World Federation, Union Now, or
what will you, which will lay the basis for a
new and peaceful order in Europe.. This posi-
tion was most eloquently upheld by Prof. 'Slos-
son. Gulliver has already indicated his dis-
approval of all these schemes; he won't go into
(2) We must begin now to build a third par-
ty-a People's Party, a Peace Party, a Labor
Party, or what will you, which will lay the ba-
sis for a continuous and unremitting attack
in the political forum on all those forces which
are trying to drag us into war. It will work
within the framework of our existing system
and will try to rally around it all progressive
and labor forces. This position was upheld
mainly by representatives of the ASU and the
(3) We must begin now to struggle against
the system which is capable only of producing
wars. Only through a struggle against capital-
ismn and imperialism can we hope to eliminate
the basic causes of war. Any other program is
a snare and a delusion. This position was up-
held mainly by Don Slaiman, self-style repre-
sentative of the "Third Camp."
SLAIMAN offered to debate with Prof. Slosson
on the above issues, but the Professor de-
clined on the grounds that he already has his
hands full with a scheduled debate with a Com-
munist. It seems to Gulliver, however, that it
would be a swell idea if a three-way debate
could be held on campus with representatives of
the three above points of view battling it out.
It would go a good way towards clearing the
air, it would be a constructive sequel to the
Spring Parley, and it might give some answers
to the big question that all of us seem to be
asking-how are we going to stay out of the
PROFESSOR RICE'S definition of the week:
The difference between an undergraduate
and a graduate student is that when the pro-
fessor comes into the room and says good morn-
ing, the graduate student writes it down in his
backers to an important government commis-
The appointment was to the Inter-American
Commission to promote new trade projects be-
tween North and South America. Sumner Welles
By HERVIE HAUFLER
FOR THOSE who live along the
banks of the Ohio and Missis-
sippi rivers, nothing is more dreaded
than the call which comes almost
every spring now: "Flood's on its
way." They hurry from the low-
lands, carrying with them as much
as they can, leaving homes and
farms to the mercy of the river. At
times the flood sends its waters
scaling the banks so quickly that
homes and towns are in it before
they know what is happening.
A third of my hometown was
covered by the Ohio's rampage in
1937. Flood stage is 52 feet and the
waters reached 79.99. They swirled
over the tops of their usual victims-
the river-front shanties, pushed
halfway up the houses in the resi-
dential sectionethat had before
known only cellar dampings, and
pierced on into the city for several
blocks until the basements of the
business section were flooded. Brown
waters crept up around the Suspen-
sion Bridge, our lifeline to Cincin-
nati. Both ends of the mighty
bridge, which usually towers so far
above the river that big paddle-
wheel river-boats can pass under it
with yards to spare, were swamped,
and workers had to build a sandbag
approach in order to permit passage
to the other side,
'HOSE PEOPLE who had to make
it to Cincinnati daily wondered
if they could again reach their
homes when evening came. They
ventured out along the bridge that
no longer seemed a safe, sure giant.
Close beneath it even at its highest
point rushed the waters. pushing
against the bridge supports. You
saw pieces of shattered bridges and
wondered if the sturdy Suspension
might not join them.
For several days there were no
lights for most of the town. The
darkness shut down so closely that
it seemed to exert a pressure. For
entertainment you played cards by
candlelight. The waterworks was
flooded and it was only the heroism
of the employes (since tossed out
of their jobs by a change in political
administration) that permitted the
citizens even an occasional trickle.
You could get water for only one or
two hours a day.
EVERYBODY worked. The Red
Cross was in constant need of
recruits. The Boy Scouts marched
bravely out to fight the flood--and
were placed on traffic duty while
the police and firemen did the actual
fighting. Women cooked in the Red
Cross canteens, acted as nurses for
the homeless. Men with boats could
have made small fortunes rescuing
belongings out of flooded homes-
and worked for nothing.
Then the flood began to recede, to
leave bare mud between them and
the sticks marking their farthest ad-
vance. The waters fell quickly.
Chimneys and roof-tops poked their
way through the surface. A house
was deposited on one'.of the bridges
As The Mississippi And The Ohio Begin To Rise:
Annual Spring 'Flood's On Its Way'
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
consecting Covington and Newport.
And all was mud. People returned
to their homes to find mud carpets
on their floors and the woodwork
warped and windows shattered.
Some quixotic whim of the flood
left three wrecked pianos piled on
top of one another on one street
corner. A warehouse was picked up,
carried several blocks and set down
again without being seriously dam-
aged. The town settled down again
to digging out the mud. It has not
yet cleared the traces of that flood-
there are battered, unoccupied
houses along the riverfront, gaping
holes where houses have been con-
demned, torn down and not re-
THERE IS a way to eliminate, or
at least materially reduce, the
hazards of these floods. The plan-
that of controlling tributary streams
by dams and reservoirs-has become
one of those things like a unicameral
legislature-nearly everyone thinks
it would be very nice, but there is
too much work involved in achieving
it. Flood control is expensive. The
only persons who actively campaign
for it are my hometown's inhab-
itants and other inhabitants who
must come back to houses of mud.
This year's flood is not bad. It
will wet the waterfront hovels and
keep the riverboats in port, but noth-
ing serious is expected. It is just a
gentle reminder that the problem
still exists, there beneath the head-
lines of Europe and the debates over
(Continued from Page z
Thursday. It is still possible to sign
up for women's and mixed doubles.
See bulletin board in W.A.B.
Literary School Seniors: Measure-
ments are now being taken for caps
and gowns. Moe's Sport Shop is the
R.O.T.C. Advanced Crps Students
and Alumni: Tickets for the Military
Ball Banquet are available at Mrs.
Kinney's office in R.O.T.C. Head-
quarters until Wednesday, April 24.
Dramatic Season Tickets: Counter
sale for Season tickets opens Wed-
nesday morning, 10:00 a.m., Garden
Room, Michigan League Building.
Season tickets $6.60; $4.80; $3.60 and
Organ Recital: Bettie Summers,
organist, will give a recital in partial
fulfillment for the degree of Bache-
lor of Music in Hill Auditorium to-
day at 4:15 o'clock. The general pub-
lic is invited.
Graduation Recital: Kenneth By-
ler, violinist, will give a recital in
partial fulfillment for the degree of
Bachelor of Music at the School of
Music Auditorium, Wednesday, April
24, at 8:15 o'clock. The public is
There will be an exhibit of the
etchings of the late Dr. Warren P.
Lombard, and a retrospedtive exhibit
of the paintings of Horatio W. Shaw,
pupil of the American artist, Thom-
as Eakins, in Alumni Memorial Hall,
beginning Friday, April 19 and end-
ing May 3.
The gallery will be open from 2-5
every day, including Sundays. A
preview of the exhibits for members
of the Ann Arbor Art Association
will beheld in:Alumni Memorial
Hall tonight at 8:00.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: Drawings presented in
competition for the Ryerson Schol-
arship offered by the Lake Forest
Foundation for Architecture and
Landscape Architecture. Work of
selected students from Armour Insti-
tute of Technology, Universities of
Illinois, Cincinnati, Ohio State, Mich-
igan, and Iowa State College. Open
daily 9 to 5, except Sunday, third
floor exhibition room, through April
25. The public is invited.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: The prize drawings of-
fered by students of various colleges
and universities in competition for
the award givenbydthe Alumni of
the American Academy in Rome.
Third Floor Exhibition Room. Open
daily 9 to 5, except Sunday, through
April 23. The public is invited.
University Lecture: Professor Doug-
las Johnson, of Columbia University,
will lecture on "Geology and the Stra-
tegy of the Present War" under the
auspices of the Department of Ge-
nInov at 4-15 u nm on Thursdav. Anril
Corps; Its Place and Mission in the
Dr. William Sheldon of Harvard
Bureau of Constitutional Variation
Research will lecture upon "Human
Constitutional Differences" (illus-
trated) on Wednesday, April 24, at
4:15 p.m. in the Rackham Amphi-
Carnegie Lectures: Dr. Carlos' Del-
gado de Carvalho, Professor of Soci-
ology in the Colegio Pedro II and Pro-
fessor of the Geography of Brazil in
the University of Brazil, the Visiting
Carnegie Professor, will be in resi-'
dence at the University of Michigan
until May 10.
The following series of lectures has
been arranged under the auspices of
the Division of the Social Sciences:
"Problems of Race Mixture and
White Acclimatization in Brazil" to-
day at 4:15 p.m., Rackham Amphi-
"Present Trends in Brazilian Edu-
cation" on Thursday, April 25, 4:15
p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre.
"The Immigration Problem in Bra-
zil" (Annual Phi Kappa Phi Lecture)
on Tuesday, April 30, 8:30 p.m., Mich-
igan Union, Large Ballroom.
"The New Brazilian State" on Mon-
day, May 6, 4:15 p.m., Rackham
All of the above lectures are open
to the public.
Engineering .Mechanics Colloqui-
um: Dana Young will talk on "The
Use of Oblique Coordinates in Solv-
ing Plate Problems." Meeting in
Room 314 West Engineering Annex
today at 4:00 p.m. Refreshments
will precede the meeting.
Engineering Colloquium: Profes-
sor M. B. Stout will speak today on
"Rectifiers" in Room 153 W. Eng.
at 4:30. This meeting is sponsored
by Eta Kappa Nu and is open to any-
one interested. Refreshments,
Botanical Joural Club meeting to-
night at 7:30 in Room N.S. 1139. Re-
ports by: Evelyn Eichelberger, "The
defensive mechanism in orchid my-,
corrhiza." Maxwell Mead, "Micro-
pedology." Jean Bertram, "The oxi-
dation of manganous compounds by
mhicroorganisms." Russell Steere,
Alpha Nu speech society will meet
tonight at 7:30 in the Alpha Nu
room in Angell Hall.
Deutscher Verein will meet tonight
at 8:00 in the League.
Michigan Union Schedule for to-
day: Main Ballroom, faculty dance,
Room 222-3-4, Political Science
Faculty, 12:15 p.m.
Room 318-20 and 305, Galens, 7:00
Room 319-21-23, Sigma Rho Tau,
Actuarial Students: Mr. Kendrick
Stokes, Actuary of the Michigan Mu-
tual Liability Company, will give a
lecture at 8 o'clock tonight in the
East Lecture Room of the Rackham
Building, on the subject, "Casualty
Rate Making." All those interested
4-5 p.m. today. The public is invit-
Students in the Degree Program
for Honors in Liberal Arts are .re-
quested to attend a meeting at 7:30
tonight in the Speech Seminar Room,
Christian Science Organization will
meet tonight at 8:15 in the chapel
of the Michigan League.
Faculty Women's Club: The Play
Reading Section will meet today at
2:15 p.m. in the Mary B. Henderson
Room of the Michigan League,
Michigan Dames: Meeting of Art
Group tonight at 8 at the home of
Miss Maude Hagle, 3411 Geddes Road.
Michigan Dames: Meeting of
Needlework Group today at 2:00 p.m.
at the home of Mrs. R. A. Oetjen, 522
Chemistry Colloquium will meet on
Wednesday, April 24, at 4:15 p.m. in
Room 303 Chemistry Building. Mr.
W. S. Struve will speak on "Syn-
thesis of Derivatives of Chrysene."
All interested are invited.
Reserve Officers: Major Walter B.
Farriss, Infantry, will speak on "The
Battalion in Defense" in Room 304
of the Michigan Union at 7:30 p.m.
Wednesday, April 24. All members
of the Officers Reserve Corp and
of the R.O.T.C. may attend.
Notice to Forestry Students: All
students who are expectig gto atted
Camp Filibert Roth during the sgh-
mer of 1940 are requested to meet in
Room 2039 Natural Science Building
at 5:15 p.m., Wednesday, April 24.
All prospective campers should be
present at this meeting.
Electrical Engineers: The Annual
A.I.E,.E. Banquet will be held Tues-
day, April 30, in the Michigan League
at 6:15 p.m. Professor Brumm of
the Journalism Department is the
principal speaker. Tickets may be
obtained from Charles Tieman, John
Strand, Robert Buritz, Harold Brit-
ton, or George Gottschall.
Mimes meeting on Wednesday eve-
ning at 7:30 in the Student Orfices
of the Union.
Varsity Glee Club: Rehearsal
Thursday night at the Presbyterian
Church, 1432 Washtenaw, at 8:00
Cerele Francais meeting' on Wed-
nesday, April 24, at 7:30 p.m. in
La Sociedad Hispanica will present
a program on Wednesday, April 24,
at 7:30 in St. Mary's Chapel Audi-
torium (Williams and Thompson
Streets). A Spanish one act play,
music, and songs will be included in
the program. This meeting is open
and free to all interested.
Peace Mobilization meeting, with
Dr. E. W. Blakeman as principal
speaker, on Thursday, April 25, at
8:00 p.m. at Michigan Union.General