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March 28, 1940 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-03-28

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Weather
Rain and cloudy today;
warmer tomorrow.

Y

41P

Dattg

Editorial
Forty-Eight
Tariff Was .

I

VOL. L. No. 130 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MARCH 28, 1940

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Neutral Ship Sunk
By German U-Boat
Inside British Net

French Admit Explosion
Aboard Destroyer; 100
Dead, Italians Report
Russian Ship Held
By British In China
(By Associated Press)
Warfare on the high seas and in
the air blazed into new fury Thurs-
day with mounting accounts of sink-
ings and air fights, an explosion
aboard a French destroyer and a
tangle of incidentsdissuing out of
the tightening tension of the Bri-
tish blockade.
The British tallied sundry losses
and fumed over the report that a
German undersea raider had pene-
trated the big, closely guarded block-
ade base of Kirkwall in the Ork-
ney Islands, there to sink the good-
sized Norwegian freighter Cometa.
France Admits Explosion
The French navy acknowledged an
explosion aboard the destroyer La
Railleuse, reporting seven killed and
others missing in the blast. Stefani,
Italian News Agency, estimated 100
dead, injured or missing in the ex-
plosion which occurred last Satur-
day as the destroyer was leaving a
Moroccan port. Stefani said the de-
stroyer broke in two and sank.
In Berlin the Nazi war effort ap-
parently was suffering sudden loss
late last night through fire in a
munitions plant which reddened the
northern sky and was marked by
frequent explosions.
Report Air Resuts
It still was a question how Rus-
sian-British relations would be af-
fected by the detention at Hong-
kong of a second Russian freighter,
the Vladimir Mayakovsky, reported-
ly loaded with metals for Vladivostok
from the United States West Coast.
The British foreign office said Rus-
sian-British relations were "normal"
despite that seizure and the holding
since January of the 2,492-ton Sel-
enga carrying Chinese tungsten.
But the British were cheered by
reports that Royal Air Force planes
had downed five, perhaps seven Ger-
man warplanes in three Western
Front engagements, against the loss
of one British plane
It also was announced by the Bri-
tish Air Ministry that a German
patrol vessel had been sunk in the
North Sea by a scouting plane of
the British coastal command
Canada Supports King
In Overwhelming otee
OTTAWA, March 27.-(P)-Prime
Minister W. L. Mackenzie King's
Liberal government piled up the
largest parliamentary majority in
Canadian history today as scattered
returns from yesterday's general
election gave still further support to
the government's conduct of the,
war against Germany.
With only five seats still in doubt
and one to be filled by a deferred
election, the Liberals had won 177
of the 245 seats in the House of
Commons. Furthermore, Liberal
candidates were leading in each of
the five undecided elections.
The National Government Party,
principal opposition group, which in-
cludes the Conservative Party, won
only 38 seats. The other .two oppo-
sition groups, the Cooperative Com-
monwealth Federation and the New
Democracy Party, won 8 and 7 seats
respectively.
French Pupils See
American Peoplej
In Dramatic Light1
Cowboys, gangsters, cigar-smoking

big businessmen are composite
American types to French studentst
whose letters were read yesterday by
Prof. Michal Pargmeat of the ro-
mance languages department in a
lecture here.
Michael Pargment of the romancec
languages department in a lecturec
here.t
In answer to questions of Professor
Pargment's survey, these students1
wrote that they conceived American1
girls to be blond, vivacious, wealthy,
-4 ^.sx rn-I.,+ -4 -- -1 4r

Williams Says
NIH-Day Plans
Hit Liberties
Prof. Mentor L. Williams of the
English department last night pic-
tured to the meeting of the Michi-
gan Anti-War Committee a war
'which would be featured not by ene-
my bombers, but rather by a slow,
deliberate process under which all
the rights and liberties of a free
people would be slowly and invidious-
ly destroyed." He spoke at the Un-
ion.
Professor Williams maintained
that this destruction of liberties
would take place under proposed
"mobilization of industry plans"
and emphasized "the only way to
prevent this destruction of our lib-
erties is to keep out of war."
Warning that the "M-Day plans"
are so set up to continue in opera-
tion until the President finds the
"tsate of emergency is terminated,"
he indicated that the rationalizations
of "post-war rehabilitation and re-
construction, indefinitely extended,"
might enable the government to
maintain its mobilization even after
the war is concluded.
Professor Williams first outlined
the terms of the Industrial Mobili-
zation Plan: the Army and Navy
Munitions Board; its coordination
measures; its control of prices; its
control of trade; its setting up of
special government corporations; and
its organization.
Burdick Wins
Speech Contest
Talk On 'Begging Racket'
Awarded First Place
The winner in the finals of the
semester's first interdepartmental
speech contect for Speech 31 held
yesterday in the Natural Science Au-
ditorium was Dean Burdick, '42,
who spoke on "Thanks-Sucker."
Burdick's main theme was the
"begging racket," interspersed with
a few examples of mob psychology.
He derived the title from the re-
sponse often attributed to the "hand-
out men" - "Thanks, sucker."
Burdick claimed that begging was
merely a racket and that many of
the men might make ten or more
dollars a day. "All they have to do
is play upon a man's sympathy,"
Burdick stated, "and learn that to
control a man's heart is to control
his pocketbook."
Because of such a conflict for sec-
ond place the department heads de-
cided to announce only the first
place winner of the first finals. l

War Summary
Here Are Today's Bulletins
From WorldCapitals
(By Associated Press)
LONDON-More ships go down in
quickening sea war; Britain claims
Western Front and North Sea air
successes.
BERLIN-Fire rages in munitions
plant.
PARIS-Soviet Russian relations
strained further; French destroyer
explodes; artillery active on Western
Front.
FrOSCOW-Kremlin good humored
about French-requested ambassador
recall.
HELSINKI -Reconstruction gov-
ernment formed under same premier.
OTTAWA-Mackenzie King gov-
ernment wins wartime election.
Foreign Center
Will Entertain
.At Open House
First Annual Event Will Be
Given April 26; Students
To Exhibit Native Dances
Foreign students at the University
will present the first annual Inter-
national Open House April 26 at the
Intramural Building, Robert Klinger,
Grad., chairman of publicity, an-
nounced yesterday.
Program of the Open House will
include almost every type of indoor
sport and will be co-recreational with
both men and women eligible to par-
ticipate. Finals in the sports tourna-
ment of teams affiliated with the
International Center will be played,
exhibitions will be performed of sev-
eral more sports, and visitors will be
able to engage in several activities
themselves.
Also to be featured on the Open
House program are many different
types of folk dancing. Klinger des-
cribed this part of the exhibition
program as an 'International floor
show." Cooperating in this part of
the program and also in other ac-
tivities will be campus foreign stu-
dent organizations, including the
Scandinavian society, the Slavic so-
ciety and Suomi Club, organization
of students of Finnish extraction.
Other groups will also take part in
the folk dancing program,
l Who PFlays Rough
Suffers Consequences

Political Fund
Clause Added
To Hatch ill
Sen. Brown's Amendment
Exempting Professors
Eliminated By House
$3,000,000 Limit
Set For Campaign
WASHINGTON, March 27.-()--
A clause forbidding national politi-
cal committees to spend more than
$3,000,000 each in any campaign was
added to the Hatch anti-politics bill
today as that Senate-approved mea-
sure passed its first House test.
The bill, which would curb political
activities of state employes paid in
whole or in part with Federal funds,
was approved by a House judiciary
subcommittee after Chairman Wal-
ter (Dem.-Pa.) ' had succeeded in
adding the amendment limiting na-
tional campaign expenditures.
Hold Down Spending
If written into law, the amendment
would hold expenditures of both the
Republican and Democratic national
committees below the levels of the
1936 presidential campaign. In that
year, the Repubiican committee dis-
bursed $8,065,524 and the Democrats
$5,030,848.
As passed by the Senate, the legis-
lation did not include the $3,000,000
limitation but did contain a provision
by Senator Bankhead (Dem.-Ala.)
forbidding any person to make cam-
paign contributions of more than
$5,000 in any year. The House sub-
committee retained this provision.
It eliminated, however, two Senate
amendments--one by Senator Brown
(Dem.-Mich.) to exempt employes of
educational, religious, eleemosynary,
philanthropic and cultural institu-
tions from the curb on political ac-
tivities; and another by Senator
Adams (Dem.-Colo.) to permit af-
fected employes to run for office in
party primaries without resigning
from their jobs.
Dempsey Happy
Rep. Dempsey (Dem. -N. M.) a
leader of the forces fighting for the
legislation, was elated at the sub-
committee's rejection of these two
amendments. He said the Brown
amendment was an invitation to ed-
ucational employes to get into poli-
tics.
Walter told newsmen that $3,000,-
000 should be enough to finance all
the campaigning necessary to inform
the voters. There was no use having
corrupt practices act, he added, if
_ections were to go "to the highest
tbdder."
Pre-Medic Club
Picks Officers
Kalajan Chosen President;
Constitution Deferred
In its meeting last night to elect
officers and discuss its new consti-
ution the Pre-Medical Society unan-
imously elected Vahan Kalajan, '41,
to the post of president, and deferred
the adoption of a constitution to the
next meeting.
John R. C. James, '41, was elected
vice-president; L. Jerome Fink, '41,
secretary; Robert R. Hoffman, '43,
treasurer; and Clayton Manry, '41,
publicity chairman,

The object of the club is to solidi-
fy the pre-medical students on cam-
pus in order to promote the faculty
student relationships, and to broad-
en the general education of the mem-
bers by lectures, movies, tours to the
hospital and surgery rooms, and by
compilation of statistics concerning
the entrance to the medical school.
The club has secured the approval of
the faculty, and hopes to fill the need
for such a society on campus.
A sound movie, made in Holly-
wood and released through the MGM
studios, picturing the discovery of
the use of insulin in the treatment
of diabetes was shown. The club
felt that such movies were very de-
sirable and more ofuthe same type
will be shown at future meetings.

Students Get
Lesson On Job
Seeking Here
More than 250 people saw illus-
trations of the best methods of job-
seeking at the "It's Your Life" pro-
gram, sponsored by alumni, the Stu-
dent Senate, the Bureau of Place-
ment and Occupational Information
and a Detroit department store, last
night in the Union.,
A pantomime skit, featuring Mar-
cia Connell, '39, pointed out the cor-
rect and incorrect methods of ap-
plication for employment. Neat and
conservative personal appearance, a
pleasing personality, lack of conceit,
and general courtesy were stressed
as essentials for successful inter-
views with personnel directors.
Dr. T. Luther Purdom, director of
the Bureau of Placement and Occu-
pational Information, pointed out the
necessity for a thorough knowledge
of the wants of employers before any
application for a job is made. A pros-
pective employe, Doctor Purdm con-
tinued, should also be sure to know
his capabilities and interests so that
he can sell his services to the desired
firm.
The necessity of finding an enjoy-
able job in which one can be happy
was stressed by J. B. Heston, Detroit
department store personnel director,
in a discussion of "The Employer's
Viewpoint."
Pollock Calls
Civil Service
GrOwin Field
Opportunities For College
Graduates In Political
Work Cited In Talk
Ever increasing opportunities for
the college graduate are appearing
in the fields of city, state and fed-
eral civil service work, Prof. James
K. Pollock of the political science
department pointed out last night
in a Union-conducted forum.
Contrary to popular public opin-
ion, Professor Pollock said, individu-
als with even a moderate degree of
intelligence have a considerable
chance for advancement and pro-
gress in the strictly "governmental"
side of politics. More than half
of the country's governmental posi-
tions are attainable only by competi-
tive examinations, he added, and a
high percentage of these avail the
office holder of good opportunities
for advancement and progress.
The depression, with its effect of
removing a great deal of the security
on government jobs, has made the
security of civil service seem attrac-
tive to constantly increasing num-
bers of college people, he continued.
Because of their advanced educa-
tion, college graduates show unusual
success in winning even the more
hotly contested of these jobs, Pro-
fessor Pollock stated.
In the field of strictly political
or non civil service work also, op-
portunities are becoming greater for
the young man, he said; while up
to the time of the New Deal, there
was a marked tendency for the vet-
erans of politics to frown on the
younger men, this trend of late has
been reduced.

House Grants Big
Budget Increases
To CCC And NYA

Band To Offer
Annual Spring
Concert Today
Winter-bound, ice-coated. Ann Ar-
bor will mush through drifting snows
and chilling winds to fill Hill Audi-
torium at 8:30 p.m. today to hear
the 1940 program of the Annual
Spring Concert presented by the
University Band.
Indications of success for the Con-
cert are strengthened by the appear-
ance of Morton Gould, young Amer-
ican composer, as guest conductor of
the 'Band. He will introduce one of
his most recent compositions, "Cow-
boy Rhapsody," at the Spring Con-
cert. Other of Mr. Gould's composi-
tions which will be included in the
program are "Tropical," "Prima Don-
na," and "Pavanne," taken from his
"Second American Symphonette."
Adding new dignity to the Concert
tradition will be a nationwide broad-
cast of a portion of the program over
the Mutual Broadcasting System
from 9:30 p.m. to 10:15 p.m.. This
portion of the program, during a part
of which Mr. Gould will take the
podium from Prof. William Revelli,
regular conductor of the Band, will
originate before the Spring Concert.
audience.
Admission to the Spring Concert,
as in the past, will be free.
Taflk On Logic
Will Be Given
Dr. MeKeon To Speak Here
Tomorrow On Reason
Dr. Richard P. McKeon, Dean of
the Division of Humanities at the
University of Chicago, will talk on
"Discovery and Proof in the History
of Logic" in a University lecture
sponsored by the philosophy depart-
ment at 4:15 p.m. tomorrow in the
Rackham Amphitheatre.
Dean of the Division of Human-
ities at Chicago since 1935, Dr. Mc-
Keon is famed for his work and
writing upon the general subject
of philosophy. He is a frequent con-
tributor to the Encyclopedia of So-
cial Sciences and other journals.
Dr. McKeon is author of such
books as: "The Philosophy of Spin-
oza"; "Studies in the History of
Idea (Vol. III)"; and has. been editor
and also translator of "Selections
from Medieval Philosophers," Augus-
tine to Albert the Great," and "Roger
Bacon to-William of Ockham."
Born in New Jersey, Dr. McKeon
was graduated from Columbia Uni-
versity and did graduate work at
the University of Paris and the
School of Upper Studies at Paris, as
well as at Columbia.

Bill Passed Despite Loud
Objections From Floor;
Defies Roosevelt Slash
Woodrum Queries
PaymentOf Debt
WASHINGTON, March 27.-(P)-
Despite cries of "how are you going
to pay the bill," the House today
added $67,450,000 to next year's ap-
propriations for the CCC and the
NYA.
Subject to final confirmation to-
mnorrow, the members ran roughshod
over economy forces, adding $50,-
000,000 to President Roosevelt's re-
quest for $230,000 for Civilian Con-
servation Camps and- upping by
$17,450,000 his request for $85,000,-
000 for the National Youth Admin-
istration.
Both increases, their sponsors said,
would insure continuance of the 1941
NYA and CCC programs at their
present levels. The President had
asked for a flat $15,000,000 slash in
NYA funds and elimination of 273
of the 1,500 CCC camps.
Woodrum Statement
Immediately after the CCC in-
crease was approved tentatively by
a 134 to 100 vote, Rep. Woodrum
(Dem.-Va.), leader of the Hbuse
economy bloc, told an attentive mem-
bership that a "tragic thing" had
just occurred.
Asserting that the House had re-
versed its previous policy of attempt-
ing to "live within budget estimates,"
Woodrum shouted:
"If we are now going to go ahead,
pell mell, and appropriate, then I
submit to you that it is honest to
decide somewhere how are you going
to pay the, bill? Are you going to
have a tax bill or are you going to
raise the debt limit and borrow the
money?
"You know as well as I know that
the Congress has no idea of doing
either one at this session. Much
more important than keeping the
CCC camp in my district is to try
to protect the economic foundations
of this country, and today they are
in danger."
Scrugham Talks
Rep. Scrugham (Dem.-Nev.) re-
plied that Congress passed "very
lightly" appropriations of $50,000,000
or $100,000,000 to purchase "instru-
mentalities of destruction and death"
but .opposed strenuously another
$50,000,000, "comparatively a trifle,"
to help young men.
Whereupon the House voted, 144 to
133, to increase the NYA fund at
the request of Rep. Johnson (Dem.-
Okla.) and a host of others who
argued that the proposed cut would
"turn onto the streets and into Com-
munist channels" -about 125,000 of
the 750,000 young people now re-
ceiving NYA aid.

Jay Kogan, '43E, DeLeon Mateef,
'43, and Dexter M. Green, '43E, all'
received injuries in a series of acci-
dents in Winchell house late Mon-1
day night.
Kogan dove headlong into a brick
wall after running the length of the
corridor with a fellow resident, He
is resting in the Health Service with
a slight concussion.
Mateef had the misfortune to run
through a locked door. He received
a broken nose. Green has a sprained
ankle as the result of an informal
wrestling bout. Both are receiving
treatment from the Health Serv-
ice.

Untermeyer Concludes Lectures
On Ar-erican Culturc' s Nativity

House Group
Plane Export

Approves
Policy

Thornthwaite Decries Dangers
Of Bureaucracy In Talk Here

By HERVIE HAUFLER
Louis Untermeyer put the finish-
ing touches on his ode to America
yesterday when he convinced an over-
flow audience in Rackham Amphi-
theatre that Americans can no long-
er condescend toward their native
music.
The noted poet and anthologist
had filled in the framework of his
thesis with five earlier lectures on
American literature, art and archi-
tecture. In concluding his series on
"New Frontiers in American Cul-
ture" yesterday, he combined acute
comments with appropriate record-
ings tv emphasize his point that
American music, no less than the
other forms of art, has overcome
its imitative stage and has discovered
its nativity,
Will Speak Today
For those who want to hear other
of his collection of recordings or to
debate the points raised in his lec-
ture, Mr. Untermeyer will conduct an
informal discussion period at 4:15
p.m. today in the East Conference
Room of the Rackham Building,
In defining his convictions on

servatory. Even when they treated
American materials, as did MacDow-
ell with several Indian themes, the
manner was European.
Discovered By Foreigner
It was a foreigner, Anton Dvorak,
who first discovered the possibilities
of American music, Mr. Untermeyer
observed. Dvorak was struck with
the beauty of two Negro spirituals,
"Steal Away to Jesus" and "Swing
Low, Sweet Chariot," and he incor-
porated their themes into his New
World Symphony, a pioneer work in
American music.
When Dvorak had shown the dig-
nity and integrity of folk materials,
the attention of many native com-
posers was turned toward the idioms
and legends of America. When the
great jumble of races, the variant
climates and classes had begun to
gain expression there was produced
for the first time an American musi-
cal amalgam, partly dignified, part-
ly rude, partly syncopated, but re-
flecting the moods and tempera-
ments of American life.
American composers did not im-
mediately discover their nativity, Mr.
Untermeyer added. Many modern

In his talk on, "Cooperatives and
Their Problems, Fred Thornthwaite,
of the Eastern Michigan Association
of Consumers' Cooperatives, warned
an audience of students, faculty and
townspeople last night at the Union,
"against the dangers of bureaucra-
cy resulting from over centraliza-
tion of powers."
In pointing out the adavntages
of centralized groups which are lim-
ited in power, Mr. Thornthwaite list-
ed four points: joint listing of po-
tential members which eliminate
competition of member houses and
rushing of applicants; protection of
cooperatives against opposition from
outside commercial enterprises, made
possible by group unity; collective
action on social and economic prob-
ems and similarity in policy and ad-
herence to the Rochdale principles.
In praising the Intercooperative
Council on this campus Mr. Thorn-
thwaite pointed out that through
this council the nine houses have
rua ,vwrl P. strnr i'infr, f.in jnv 'rl

ficient and more satisfactory work-
ing plan,
In analyzing the position that the
cooperatives have attained in the
world today, Mr. Thornthwaite
pointed to the numerous cooperative
institutions in Sweden as being one
of the factors in the rise of Sweden's
well-known democratic government.
There are, he stated, over 11,000
small study groups, each having a
membersship of from 15 to 20 mem-
bers who meet regularly to discuss
and exchange ideas on cooperative
problems and organization.
Since the innovation of coopera-
tives in Nova Scotia, the number of
persons on relief has dropped from
85 per cent of the population to 10
per cent, Mr. Thornthwaite assert-
ed. There are at present, he said,
2,390 study clubs in Nova Scotia.
Mr. Thornthwaite stressed the im-
portance of group discussion as a
means of further extending the dem-
ocratic procedure to all of society.
Such discussion, he indicated, am-

WASHINGTON, March 27.-Qp)-
The Administration's new policy of
releasing late model warplanes for
export won the general approval of
an inquiring House committee today,
and American manufacturers imme-
diately prepared to handle prospec-
tive allied orders totalling $1,000,000,-
000.
Secretary of War Woodring, ex-
plaining and defending the policy
before the House military committee,
asserted it had been formulated by
the war department 'without coer-
cion or pressure from anyone."
"As long as I am secretary of war,
I am not going to be pushed around,"
he assured the committee bluntly,
in denying he had had any "friction"
with Secretary of the Treasury Mor-
genthau over sale of.planes to the
Allies,
Senate Nears Vote
On Trade Policy
WASHINGTON, March 27. --()-
Leaders of both sides anxiously and
apprehensively counted votes today
as the Senate neared a close deci-

Play Produ teion s OpenIer
Draws Large Audience
Play Production's opening presen-

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