____ ____ ___ ____ ____ ____ ___THEMICHIIGANDA1LV
I __ ____ ____ ___ ____ ____ ____ ___ ____ ____ __WOW"_
IIbmG H M MAg I
Edited and managed by students of the University of
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SCHICAGO -'OsTON- LoS ANGELES *-SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1938-39
Book Editor .
Sports Editor .
* Robert D. Mitchell
Albert P. May1o
Horace W. Gilmore
Robert I. Fitzhenry
* . S. R. Kleiman
. Earl Gilman
* . William Elvin
. . . Joseph Gies
. . Dorothea Staebler
. . Bud Benjamin
Business Manager. , . Philip W. Bucherf
Credit Manager . . . Leonard P. Siegelman
Advertising Manager . William L Newnan
Women's Business Manager . Helen Jean Dean
Women's Service Manager . . . Marian A. Baxter
NIGHT EDITOR: JACK C. SULLIVAN
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
For Democracy .. .
HE STUDENTS of Spain are appeal-
ing to their brothers in America as
the fascist noose is pulled tighter around Barce-
lona .by Hitler, Mussolini . . . and Franco. They
repeat the chant, "Lift the embargo and let
us buy arms to defend our land from German
and Italian guns."
But students in Government Spain are inter-
ested parties. "Impartial observers" may choose
to discount their claim that the United States
Neutrality Act and the European Non-Inter-
vention Agreement are two of the most active
members of the lynching mob that is trying to
slip the rope around Spain's neck.
However, a French newspaper, La Depeche de
Toulouse, is not in the line of fire and its cor-
respondenits report that Franco is trading Ameri-
can wheat for German munitions. The wheat
that the United States is sending to relieve suf-
fering on both sides is being bartered for Nazi
weapons. It's not unlikely that some of the
armaments the Third Reich is selling to the In-
surgents came orginially from the United States,
for our "neutrality law" turns its eyes away
when munitions are sold to Germany for trans-
No, it wouldn't be "objective analysi to give
much weight to what Loyalist students think
the United States, England andFrance ishould
More to the point is the Jan. 19 dispatch from
the Christian Science Monitor's London corres-
pondent, who reports that "Leon Blum, leader
of the Socialists, the strongest party in the
Chamber, in a verbal duel with Pierre Etienne
Flandin, Left Republican leader and firm sup-
porter of the British Premier's policy of appease-
ment, yesterday urged that France should hence-
forward interpret nonintervention pledges in
precisely the same way as Germany and Italy do.
There is no doubt that M. Blum had a majority
of hearers with him in wanting to help the Loy-
The same report continues "Inquiry made in
Britain by the British Institute of Public Opinion,
a branch of the similar organization in America
controlled by the statistician, George H. Gallup,
recently showed a similar trend in Britain, the
voting being between eight and nine to one
against General Franco."
These facts would indicate that the people
in England and France, despite their govern-
ments, feel that something close to them is at
stake in Spain. The oft-repeated background
of the conflict in Spain-the birth of the Re-
public and the revolt of the fascists under Fran-
co-would further indicate that that something
It does concern the people in the United States
when the Loyalists ask us to help them and at
the same time to help ourselves. Let's look at tl
message sent by the federal Union of Spanish
Students through the American Student Union
to the campuses in this country:
"While Italian divisions of invasion attack
with ferocity on the Catalonian fronts to de-
amrov the liberty of the Spanish neonle the stu-
TODAY , V
-by David Lawrence-
WASHINGTON, Jan. 17-This begins to look
like an era of administrative reform. Nearly
every message that comes from the executive
branch of the Government these days to Con-
gress and some of the reports that are being
made public by congressional committees are de-
voted to better methods of administering the af-
fairs of the federal Government.
Impatient critics may wonder why so many
simple changes are only just now being offered,
but anything so unwieldy as the federal Govern-
ment structure is not readily transformed. Thus,
the President's executive order creating a federal
real estate board to make a comprehensive record
of just what property the federal Government
holds and its relationship to taxation problems
in local communities has long been needed, but it
is only one of a number of things that get side-
tracked in an era of social reform.
Take the social security message of the Presi-
dent, which now embodies the suggestions of a
non-partisan board which has been studying
the law's operations for several months with ex-
perts thoroughly familiar with the subject. The
suggested changes, such as the insistence on a
merit system among the states which administer
the law, might seem t be A-B-C and funda-
mental, but it was not one of the needs foreseen
when the Act was passed.
More Pressure Felt
The drive at the time the Social Security law
was passed was to get the big insurance plan into
operation and trust to experience to point out de-
fects and additions. There can be no doubt that,
once the federal Government embarks on a sys-
tem of old age pensions and unemployment in-
surance involving some 42,000,000 individuals
thus far, the pressure to include other groups
hitherto exempted would sooner or later be felt.
It is a curious commentary on present-day
affairs in Washington that, while "spending"- is
decried, the plans for increasing the federal
Government's paternalism go on apace, and no
political group is strong enough to call a halt.
The President's message asks for liberalizing of
old age insurance payments, especially in the
early years of the system, and the paying of
supplementary benefits to the aged dependent
wives of retired workers. All this and other
recommendations will increase the total expense,
which is to be met by higher and higher'payroll
Yet the Republican Party, which was given a
larger membership in the Houe and Senate at
the last elections, presumably because of the
protest of the nation against "spending," con-
tains a large number of members who have
pledged themselves to work for higher and higher
Recognition of the problem of old age pen-
sions and unemployment insurance has been
ingrained in the platforms of both major parties,
and the payroll taxes are here to stay. The eco-
nomic effect, or rather the impact of such taxes
on the whole economic system, being reflected in
higher and higher production costs and in a
withdrawal of considerable sums from the stream
of purchasing power, cannot but be of increasing
significance. The Congress is nevertheless pre-
pared to go along with the amendments to the
Social Security Law because President Roosevelt
has made,it unpopular politically to do otherwise.
These realities are being faced by Congress,
but the trend is to make sure that whatever sums
are distributed go to the persons who are deserv-
ing and that efficiency of administration is at-
tained. So the emphasis quite naturally is being
placed now on the problem of personnel and on
the question of equitable distribution of the
The suggestion that states with low per capita
income be given a larger share of federal aid
than states with the average or better thn aver-
age per capita income is one which is likely to be
vigorously debated in Congress, but, broadly
speaking, that's what the federal Government
has been doing with all tax moneys; indeed, there
has been no yardstick of measurement for federal
grants. The discretionary power of the federal
agencies to spend public funds in accordance
with political or group pressure has been unre-
strained. Some formula to measure federal'
grants to states on the basis of population and
state income is at least a start toward a more
scientific or uniform formula of federal disburse-
ment of moneys collected from the taxpayers.
If now, in this new era of administrative re-
form, there is developed some equitable system
of levying taxes so as not to retard the processes
of production or to choke the price structure,
but actually to provide incentives for increasinf
production and business volume, there would bWL
less concern about some of the additions to those
parts of the Social Security budget which are
coming to be recognized as essential for the care
of the aged and the unemployed.
The University of Texas drama loan library
last year nrovided Texas high school students
with copies of 20,000 plays.
to our country. Long live the Spanish Republic,
long live the students of the world!"
Changes in our iniquitous Neutrality Act that
would allow the sale of arms to the Loyalists on
a cash-and-carry basis in ships provided by the
Spanish Government are being considered in
It takes two minutes by the clock to write a
By WILLIAM J. LICHTENWANGER
Schumann: Concerto for Piano and Orchestra
in A minor,-Op. 54. Myra Hess and Symphony
Orch., Conducted by Walter Goehr. 8 sides, 4-12",
The first recording in five years of this most
popular of piano concertos should find an eager
audience. Myra Hess' performance is clean and
intelligent, though in a very definite and, to us,
not quite comprehensive style. The poetic and
Chopinesque qualities of Schumann's music are
played to the hilt. The first movement is dreamy
with rubato and softly glowing under Miss Hess'
eloquent but subdued touch, the Intermezzo sen-
timentally reflective. Thus far it's good to hear
these qualities, which are entirely appropriate
and which many are ashamed to bring out to-
But when carried into the Allegro Vivace finale
they belie the presence of Vivace in the heading.
The movement becomes dainty rather than
jocose, sincere but without the meaty "schwung"
which, even more than the dreaminess of Trau-
merei, is properly Schumann's trademark. In
other words, this is a highly feminine perform-
ance throughout, in spirit as well as in fact.
Some may like it this way to the end, but after
reveling in the indisputable poetry of the first
two movements we'd gladly swap our pick-up
for a Schnabel fortissimo. Partly, this lack of
weight behind the punch may be the fault of the
engineers in over-subduing the orchestral tuttis,
though the piano and incidental soloists of the
orchestra are cleanly recorded, and the orchestra
itself does a neat and sympathetic job of assist-
Bird: Pavane and Gigue (Trans. by L. Stokow-
ski). Stokowski and the Philadelphia Orchestra,,
2 sides, 1-10", V-1943, $1.00.
William Bird, the "Bach" of England, was a
favorite composer to music-loving Queen Bess.
He worked at a time when the keyboard instru-
ments (clavichord, harpsichord, virginals) were
just 'coming to the fore, and instrumental music
as a whole was still in its infancy. Most people
today regard his work and that of his fellow
Elizabethan composers with a wholly antiquarian
eye. But in this transcription Stokowski gives
plenty of proof that Old William had something
to say, and that when its Shakespearean
language is put in modern musical English for
the benefit of those who shy away from anything
hoary-headed, what it says is as pertinent to
1939 as last year's streamlined version of Julius
The transcription includes the Pavane (a
stately, solemn, very formal Elizabethan dance
in triple time) which Byrd coupled with a Gal-
hard in the virginal composition known as "The
Earle of Salisbury," followed by an unidentified
Gigue with which Stokowski for some reason re-
places the customary galliard, and then a repeti-
tion of part of the Pavane to complete a three-
part form. The rich, flowing, courtly beauty of
the Pavane, varied briefly by the lighter mood
of the Gigue, is exalted in a performance which
far surpasses in effect the feathery, unsustaining
style of Columbia's virginal version and Victor's
previous arrangement for medieval viols.
Domenico Scarlatti: Sonatas for Harpsichord
in A major and C minor. Yella Pessl at the harp-
sichord, 1 side each, 1-10", V-1942, $1.00. Two
harpsichord pieces a century and a half closer
to us than the Byrd, though without the depth
and vitality of The Earle of Salisbury. Since they
are carelessly labelled without reference to the
numerical catalog of Scarlatti' over 500 sonatas
compiled by Alexander Longo, it is impossible
to say whether or not these recordings duplicate
any of the two dozen or so Scarlatti sonatas al-
ready on disks. Scarlattis "sonatas", or "sona-
tinas," of course, are not sonatas in the modern
formal sense, but are merely short, one-move-
ment pieces written as key-board "etudes," each
with a particular technical problem involved. The
A major of this pair is a brisk Allegro, a ,4o
of "perpetual motion, while the C minor is a
rhapsodic Andante, full of rubato, as though it
were fulfilling some unwritten "program." Yella
Pessl's handling of the harpsichord is full of
virtuosity and knowledge of the peculiar style
of the old-yet not unbeautiful-instrument. The
recording job is excellent, the rich resonance of
the bass strings coming out especially well.
Moussorgsky: "Prayer and ,Death of Boris"
from Boris Godonnov. Royal Opera at Covent
Garden, London, Chaliapin as Boris, Vincenzo
Belleza conducting. 2 sides, 1-12", V-15177, $2.00.
A re-pressing of a recording made at what
must have been one of the great Russian's last
performances, on July 4, 1928. As the Rimsky-
Korsakov version of the score is used rather than
the original, this tragic scene of the passing of
a Tsar forms the end and the very climax of the
music drama. Though some of his tones are a
little shaky, Chaliapin gives a performance whose
thrilling warmth and vitality are plainly sensible
through the recording, from the heartbreak of
his farewell to his son, his recognition of on-
coming doom, to the agonies of his death. For
an old and actual-performance recording the
results are admirable, though the climax of the
off-stage chorus is not picked up as strongly as
is necessary for a perfect dramatic effect.
The humor that seems to make U.S. citizens
less susceptible to hysteria and mass-ignorance
didn't fail to crop out in this crisis as it has in
most others. The laugh originated when West
Virginia Univernity members of Phi Sigma,
Kappa fraternity staged a "Hitler Party" to
mwhihmm nerscameo rstnmed like Hitler The
I note with considerable amuse-
ment that you chose to magnify one
of my more sober moments, re your
column of Saturday last, in which
you reported my reactions to Dr.
Judd's story of China. My football
associates, however, regarded the item
as an affront to their collective in-
telligence; they claim you implied I
was an exception to the run-of-mine
gridder, who is usually charged by
unkind and uninformed critics as be-
ing big, beautiful but dumb. They
point to our frequent tete-a-tetes last
Fall, sometimes over a foaming glass
of sarsaparilla, more often in the in-
timate confines bf our socialized
huddle (or haven't you heard?), in
which we disposed of such pressing
problems as the Chinese situation
with a dispatch that would have done
credit to the misdirected Mussolini
(what a duce of a fullback he'd
"As a matter of fact, See, we also
managed to solve several aspects of
the domestic situation. I point to one
prophetic incident in particular. It
occurred in the Minnesota game
when we scored our only touchdown.
Heikkinen lifted himself off the turf
and exclaimed, his interpreters said,
"Hot dog!" To the more discerning
members of the team this momentous
declaration portended, obviously, the
appointment of Frankfurter to the
Supreme Court bench.
"I could pass on numerous other
similar incidents, but in the interest
of space I shan't. However, you will
certainly be interested in our im-
pending project. After having solved
most of the current campus problems,
we plan now to unravel this "Parrot
mystery." Some of us would like to
know what the hell it's like inside.
"We are awaiting contributions
from various members of the squad,
whereupon I shall equip myself with
a checkered coat and saddle shoes
(maybe a feathered hat) and crash
Michigan's so-called society of the
elite, effete andesthete. And if the
joint fails to exceed our already de-
preciated opinion of such havens of
hallucinated loafers, I shall thereup-
on lead my intimate troupe down to
Sloppy Joe's on N. Main and there,
challenge the status of Michigan's
B.M.O.C.'s, while we gorge ourselves
with hamburgers and raw onions.
But not until we've broken every
bottle of coca cola in the dive shall
we proceed to establish a newer,
more robust social order.
"Wanna come along?
Do we want to come along! By all
means! But please tell the fellows
first that we meant no slurs upon
their brain capacity. And Evie, where
have you been hiding that delightful
literary style. If suspicious reformers
would not possibly deem it an act of
subsidization, we should suggest that
you enter the Hopwood contest and
earn some of that soft sugar.
Dick LaMarca granted us permis-
sion to use excerpts from a letter he
has just received from Russell Ander-
son, former Michigan man who is
now a foreign correspondent for INS.
Russ was here in 1935, supplying the
Garg with cartoons and Hearst with
local news. He was taken under the
San Simeon Sage's wing, carefully
groomed in Pittsburgh and Chicago,
and then shipped abroad. He writes:
'' .. During the hectice news
rush of the Munich crisis, I was sent
to Paris by INS, and remained on
there to cover the French strikes. I
was transferred to the London
Bureau two months ago.
"Two weeks ago, by my usual dint
of good luck, I was appointed chief
of the Moscow Bureau, and at the
present time I am waiting for Rus-
sian officials to approve my visa.
This process may take several weeks
as they thoroughly investigate my
journalistic status to determine if I
am allowed to enter. It is of course
possible that they might refuse me
Let no one doubt it. France will
lose the match. Italy will go into
action and with her the axis. Ob-
stacles will be crushed and eventual
plans of the Hoare-Laval type re-
Fascist Italy was forged in a cli-
mate of war and revolution. It is
the movement that creates and im-
poses history in modern Europe.
The Italian people know that the
Hapsburg monarchy was their her-
editary enemy. The Italian people are
absolutely convinced their present
historical antagonist is the French
Republic. Both the former and the
latter have a common aint: to crystal-
The year XVII of the Fascist era
will see a settlement of the secular
(Continued from Page 2)
nouncement in the near future giving
time of conference with your classi-
fier. Please wait for this notice 'ae-
fore seeing your classifier,
Robert L., Williams,
Scientific German. A course, Ger-
man 36, "Scientific German" will be
offered in the second semester. It is
designed for and open only to stu-
dents who are concentrating or pre-,
paring to concentrate in one of the
natural sciences. -
Prerequisites: Courses German 1.
and 2 in the University (or equiva-
lent in high school), and German 31
or 35. MTWF, 9. 203 U.H. Nord-
meyer. Four hours credit.
Freshmen and Sophomores, L.S. and
A. All students who have not had
their elections approved by their
counselor must do so at once. Coun-
selors will not be available during the
exanilnation period to sign elections.
Notice to Seniors: Seniors expect-
ing to teach in the state of New York
are notified that the examination in
French, German, Spanish and Italian
will be given here on Feb. 17. Those
expecting to take this examination=
will have to notify this office im-
mediately so that we can inform the
"Division of Examinations" by Feb. 1.
Professor Hugo P. Thieme, Chair-
man, Department of Romance Lan-,
Room Assignment for Final Exam-
inations in German 1, 2, 31, and 32.'
Feb. 4, 1939, 9-12 a.m.
1025, A.H., Schachtsiek; Striedieck;
25, A.H., Sudermann; Pott; Gaiss.1
101, Ec., Graf; Eaton; Willey; Phil-I
B, H. H. Ryder.
B, All sections.a,
- German 31
C, H. H., Braun; Diamond; Van
35, A.H., Eaton; Philippson; Reich-
D, H.H., Graf; Striedieck.
301, U.H., Scholl.
201, U.H., Wahr.
231, A.H., All sections.
Final Examination Schedule, First
Semester, 1938-39. College of Litera-
ture, Science, and the Arts. Regular1
Time of exercise. Time of examination
You of M
By Sec Terry
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publicatbn in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the University.
Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President until 3:30 P.M.:
11:00 A.M. on Saturday.
N which the
mits a brief
respite from colum-
Section 3 (Anning) 203 U.H.
Section 1 (Craig) 203 U.H.
Section 2 (Greville) 402 M.H.
All other courses and sections will
meet in their regular classrooms.
Choral Union Concert. Bartlett and
Robertson, distinguished two-pano
virtuosi, will be heard in recital on
Wednesday evening, Jan. 25, at 8:30
o'clock, in Hill Auditorium, replac-
ing the Budapest University Chor s
whoa American tour has been can-
celled for political reasons.
Concert patrons will plese upon
use coupon No. 7, reading "Budapest
Chorus" for this concert.
Two Exhibits: Paintings by Sarlds
Sarkisian, and prints from the col-
lection of the Detroit Insttut of.
Arts, under the auspices of tie Ann
Arbor Art Association. Jan. 11 to 25,
afternoons from 2 to 5, North and
South Galleries of Alumni Memorial
Textile Exhibition, College of Ar-
chitecture: A showing of modern
textiles consisting of rugs, hangings,
bedspreads and pillow cases, de-
signed by Marianne Strengell, jow
on the staff of the Cranbrook Aca-
demoy of Art, is on display fin;the
ground floor cases of the Architec-
ture Building. Open daily, 9 to 5, e-
cept Sunday, through Jan. 2 The
public is invited.
Ex bition of Chinese Amateur Po-
togahy: Because of the interest in
the exhibition of Chinese photos-
raphy which it is sponsoring $h to
Rackham Galleries, the Interational
Center has arranged to continue the
exhibition through next week; it will
close Saturday, Jan. 28. The display
rooms are open all day and in the
evening, except on Sunday. Mr. Cheng
wild be present most of the time to
comment on his work.
Chemistry Lecture: Prof. Otto Red-
lich, formerly of the University of
Vienna, will lecture on the stbject
Molecular Vibration and R anl
Spectra of Deuterium Compounds -in
Room 303 Chemistry Bu-ilding at
4:15 p.m., Thursday, Jan. 26.
Bruce Lockhart, "An Englishman
Looks at the World.
Oratorical Association Lecture Se-
ries. Hill Auditorium, Thursda,
Jan. 26, 8:15 pdm. Tickets at Wahrs.
Students, School of Dentistry: Thre
will be a Student Assembly this a-
ternoon, Jan. 25, at 4:15 in the Up-
per Amphitheatre. Professor Gln
McGeoch will talk on the subet
"How to Listen to Music," using rec-
All dental students and hygienists
are required to attend.
Botanical Seminar will meet today
at 4:30 p.m., Room 1139, N.S. Bldg.
Paper by A. H. Smith and E. 8.
Manis "Studies gn Michigan Mush-
rooms" (illustrated by kodachrome
Chemistry Colloquium will meet at
4 p.m. in Room 303 Chemistry Bldg.
today. Prof. Otto Redich, formerly of
Vienna, will speak on "Some Physical-
chemical Investigations on Nitric
Phi Sigma meeting this eve-
ning, Jai. 25, 1939, at 8 p.m. in the
Graduate Outing Club Room of the
Professor C. W. Bachmann will
speak on "Carcogenetic Substances."
Refreshments will be served.
Freshmen Glee Club: There will be
a meeting at 4:15 today in the Michi-
Graduate Luncheon today at twelve
noon, Russian Tea Room, Michigan
League. Cafeteria style.
Dr.- Marguerite F. Hall will speak
informally on "Medical-Economic
Research." All Graduate studens in-
University of Michigan Flying Club:
Meeting tonight at 7:30 p.m. in
the Union. The proposed government
flight training plan will be discussed
and refreshments will be served.
Members and all those interested are
"urged to attend.
Mon. at 8
Mon. at 9
Mon. at 10
Mon. at 11
Mon. at 1
Mon. at 2
Mon. at 3
Tues. at 8'
Tues. at 9
Tues. at 10
Tues. at 11
Tues. at 1
Tues. at 2
Tues. at 3
Mon., Feb.'6, 9-12
Fri., Feb. 3, 9-12
Wed., Feb. 1, 9-12
Mon., Jan. 30, 9-12
Tues., Feb. 7, 2-5
Mon., Jan. 30, 2-5
Tues., Feb. 7, 9-12
Mon., Feb. 6, 2-5
Tues., Jan. 31, 2-5
Wed., Feb. 1, 2-5
Tues., Jan. 31, 9-12
Wed., Feb. 8, 9-12
Fri., Feb. 3, 2-5
Thurs., Feb. 2, 9-12
_Special Period -
No. Time of Ex. Courses
I. Sat., Feb. 4, 9-12 German 1, 2, 31,
Spanish 1, 2, 31,
I. Sat., Feb. 4, 2-5 Zoology 1.
f Botany 1.
III. Sat., Jan. 28, French 1, 2. 11,
2-5 31, 32, 41, 71,j
111, 112; 153.
Speech 31, 32.
IV. Thurs., Feb. 2, Pol. Sci. 1, 2, 51.
2-5 52, 107.
English -1 shall be examined on
Tuesday, Jan. 31, 2-5.
English 30 shall be examined on
Friday, Feb. 3, 9-12.
Economics 51, 52, 53, and 101 shall
be examined on Thursday, Feb. 2,
It shall be understood that classes
emntitled to the regular examiation
periods shall have the right-of-way
over the above-mentioned irregular
examinations and that special ex-
aminations will be provided for stu-
dents affected by such conflicts by
the courses utilizing the irregular ex-
Any deviation from the above
schedule may be made only by mutual
agreement between students and in-
structor and with the approval of the
Examination Schedule Committee.
Room Assignment for Final Exam-
inations in Mathematis (College of
L.S. and A.):
Section 2 (Elder), 201 U.H.
Jr. A.A.U.W. Interior Decoration
Group will meet tonight at 8 p.m.
at the League. Mr. Goodheiw will
speak on the use of flowers in the
home. The meeting is an open meet-