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January 20, 1939 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1939-01-20

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TRE- MiCHIAN D AiLY

FRIDAY, JAN.

U

Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited, in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
reserved..
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4,00; by mail, $4.50..
REPRESENTED FOR NATONAL. AOVERTISING 6Y
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MADISON AVE. NEW YORK. N. Y.
CHICAGO ' BosTON - LOS ANGELES - SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1938-39

Board of
Managing Editor .
Editorial Director,
City Editor d
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor .
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Book Editor .
Womens Editor
Sports Editor .

Editors
. Robert D. Mitchell
Albert P. May1o
* Horace W. Gilmnore
Robert .3Fitzhenry
S. R. Kleiman
* . Robert Perlman
Earl Gilman
William Elvin
. . Joseph Freedman
* . .Joseph Gies
. . Dorothea Staebler
. . Bud Benjamin

You of
NOTES and FOOTNOTES
By Sec Terry
REGARDLESS of your own reactions in the
matter, be they delight or dismay, we feel
impelled to report that Junior, whose incorrigibly
frivolous mentality led him 'o insert a cryptic
playlet in this column while we grappled with the
grippe,,has been thoroughly chastised and told
he'll have to practice elsewhere hereafter. Junior
suffers from a neurosis induced by an unending
flow of rejection slips, and his latest outburst
followed his failure to interest the pulps in a
blood-and-thunder conception of dictators on a
dude ranch. When last seen, for instance, he
was reading Edgar Guest; after all, a man has
to do something to fortify himself against life's
little rebuffs, and Junior doesn't drink.
FROM the weather box in Tuesday's Daily:
"Cloudy today; snow Wednesday fol-
lowed by Thursday."
Which, until further notice, is how things
stand.
DEAR SEC TERRY:
The University by stirring the dust of records
adds a score of years to its age, adds a good joke
to the beginning of a rather prosaic history, and
finds itself obliged to change the dates on all its
seals. This tendency to appropriate a segment
of the past is catching. I notice that Hopwood
Room is trying to claim Forman Brown.
Brown, when here, was a member of Dodoes,
a small group driven by irresistible dramatic
urge to make and produce plays in an old barn
on the west side. When I say barn I do not mean
the windy barracks on the west side of the Union
but an actual barn full of the aroma of hay,
cobwebs, and agricultural nitrates. At that time
there was no Hopwood Room. Angell Hall was
a hole with a steam-shovel in it and Avery was
still earning the money whose generous disbursef
ment perpetuates his name on this campus. Anl
yet the Hopwood group reaches out after Dodoes
as Michigan reached out after and captured
Catholepistemiad.
It is true that the genial director of the Hop-
wood Room was here and, although I never saw
him in action, I believe that the editorial boards
of various ancestors of Perspectives used to sit
around his fire and maintain it by throwing in
poems. It is, of course, possible that Forman
Brown was a member of some such group. If he
was, it follows that he was somewhat tenuously
but indubitably connected with our present hive
of creative enthusiasts.
Clio Nietitans
IN THE Daily's story of the Michigan-
Wisconsin basketball game Monday
night:
It went 32 all, 34, 36 and finallyy 28
but there the bubble burst . ."
As it well might.
Suggested topic for research:
When Angell Hall had its face lifted last sum
mer why didn't the workmen erase a couple of
X's from the MDCCCXXXVII?
An economist is a fellow who knows every-
thing about money except how to make some.

TODAY in
WASHINGTON
-by David Lawrence-

4 ,

WASHINGTON, Jan. 19-What is the yard-
stick by which the fairness or unfairness of a
federal commission or board may be determined?
Is it the number of times the federal courts affirm
or reverse decisions of the board in question, or
is it to be what the individual members of the
Senate think when a board member comes up for
reappointment?
Rarely has a law been tested in the courts as
many times or in such a short space of time as
the Wagner Labor Relations Act. In the three
and a half years since it was passed, there have
been 78 cases arising, apart from the customary
injunction proceedings. The score of the Labor
Board in cases that have come to the Supreme
Court of the United States is 17 to 2 in the
Board's favor. As for cases not acted upon yet
by the Supreme Court and still in the circuit
courts of appeals, the score is 33 to 13; that is, the
Board's decisions have been ordered enforced in
full in 33 cases and enforcement has been de-
nied in 13 instances.
Much critcism has been leveled against the
Labor Board on the ground that it, is arbitrary
in its decisions, or that it reveals bias. What the
opponents of the Wagner Act in Congress have
been striving to do lately is to fix the blame for
this on the members of the Board instead of on
the Congress itself which wrote the law that now
comes under fire. The Wagner Act was written
from the viewpoint of labor unions, and the
Labor Board merely takes what Congress gives
it. Strict enforcement of the Wagner Act can
hardly, therefore, fail, to reflect the bias which
Congress itself wrote into the statute, but this
is not the fault of the board members. They did
not write the law, but are called upon merely to
enforce it.
This Congress is likely to take up the question
of amending the Wagner Act, but su'rounding the
discussion of revision is an unfortunate contro-
versy that has arisen over the confirmation by the
Senate of Donald Wakefield Smith, who was
given a recess appointment for a second term
by President Roosevelt, but whose nomination
has not yet been sent to the Senate.
There is another Smith on the board-Edwin
S. Smith-and the story is going the rounds that
the A.F. of L., in its original protest to Mr. Roose-
velt against the reappointment of Donald Wake-
field Smith, really meant Edwin Smith. The
right of the A.F. of L. or the Chamber of Com-
merce, or any other organization representing
parties that come before a Federal board, to
challenge a reappointment is technically okeh,
but the propriety of interested organizations
seeking to punish members of a Federal board
for their decisions by blocking confirmation is
something else again. Certainly, in nearly all the
cases, Donald Wakefield Smith has ruled as has
the Labor Board itself, so that a vote to unseat
him is a vote against the decisions of the Federal
Courts which have sustained his views, unless,
of course, the fight on confirmation should re-
volve around the question of personal qualifica-
tions, which thus far has not been made an issue
in the contest. The opponents have indicated
they do not like the Labor Board decisions, and,
if the President yields to the pressure, he may
find the incident rising to plague him.

Business Department
Business Manager. . . , . Philip W. Buchen
Credit Manager . . . Leonard P. Segelman
Advertising Manager . WilliamL. Newnan
Women's Business Manager Helen Jean Dean
Women's Service Manager . . Marian A. Baxter
NIGHT EDITOR: MORTON L. LINDER
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
only.
The Face-Lifting
Of The Court . .
THERE IS a singular fitness about the
appointment of Felix Frankfurter to
fill the place of Justice Cardozo on the Supreme
Court. For the seat which the 'new justice will
occupy was inherited by Cardozo from Oliver
Wendell Holmes, generally considered the
greatest liberal crusader ever to sit on the court,
whose career has been the subject of Professor
Frankfurter's scholarship and in whose footsteps
he will undoubtedly strive to follow.
The transformation the Supreme Court has
undergone during the past 17 months is un-
dobtedly one,, of the most significant changes
which has resulted from the administration of
President Roosevelt. Many observers are con-
vinced that before ever a Roosevelt appointee
sat on the court the complexion of decisions
emerging from the high chamber altered percept-
ibly, a fact for which critcism growing out of the
unsuccessful fight to enlarge the court has been
credited. But the appointments President Roose-
velt has made will undoubtedly have a far broad-
er and more sustained effect on the court's phil-
osophy than pressure of opinion.
In the pre-court fight days, the composition
of the tribunal,.it will be recalled, ran as follows,
reading from left ,to right: Brandeis, Cordozo,
Stone, Hughes, Roberts, Sutherland, VanDevan-
ter, MoReynolds and Butler. The first three
named being liberal and the last five conserva-
tive, with Chief Justice Hughes in the middle.
The new court will probably line up as follows:
Black, Reed, Frankfurter, Brandeis and Stone
on the liberal wing. McReynolds and Butler on
the right, and Hughes and Roberts in the center.
The latter two justices have been frequently
difficult to classify; while the majority of the
other members of the court were conservative
they were inclined to follow suit; now that the
rest of the court is preponderantly liberal, they
are likely to turn more or less in the new direc-
tion.
Criticism of the President's appointments has
been in each case extremely mild. The bitter
attacks on Justice Black for his one-time mem-
bership in the Ku Klux Klan, it will be recalled,
were not launched until after his confirmation
by an easy margin in the Senate. When the
Klan story did come out, the President's political
enemies were quick to make capital of it, but the
Justice himself has effectively cut the ground
from under the feet of his derogators by his
liberal opinions on cases involving Negro rights,
which have dispelled any justifiable fears that
racial prejudice might find a defender in the
politician from Alabama.
The most notable thing about the appoint-
ments is the tacit negation they represent of the
legend of judicial impartiality. At the time of
the court fight it was freely asserted that the
President intended to pack the court with his
own creatures, who would hand down decisions
in accordance with his wishes instead of with
the words of the Constitution. It is now more
generally accepted that the Constitution can be
interpreted in various ways, and that personal
philosophy has a great deal of weight in judicial
opinions. As long as the President's opponents

music
By WILLIAM J. LICHTENWANGER
Viva Gigl!
We went to Hill Auditorium last
night to scoff. and we remained to
cheer. We had heard that Beniamino
Gigli, Caruso's popular successor at
the Metropolitan and returned to
this country after a six-year absence,
was one of the musical "beautiful
but dumb," a siren with a silken
voice, bringing fine music to destruc-
tion upon the shoals of woppishly dis-
torted interpretations. Well, if any
living tenor has the voice of a siren,
it must be Gigli. Full and resonant in
its spacious lower register, clear and
bell-like and unstrained at its top,
absolutely even in quality throughout,
his instrument is tantalizingly silky in
mezzo and brilliant without being too
loud or strident when unleashed to
its full extent. What is equally im-
portant, it is used with perfect tech-
nical control and a purity of intona-
tion well-nigh unheard of among
operatic tenors.
True, Signor Gigli is amply pos-
sessed of those little habits beloved
of tenors, particularly those with the
blood of the south in their veins. He
pounces upon and obstinately clings
to every unsuspecting high note; he
portamentos consistently from one
tone to another; he holds final tones
just a little longer than you think
he possibly can; when emotion rises
within his capacious chest a melodra-
matic sob creeps into his voice and
even an occasional grunt adds to the
drama ofthe moment; steadiness of
tempo and of tone also give way un-
der emotionaltstress. In short, he
has the operatic tenor's traditional
disregard for the purely musical beau-
ty of melodic line and for the subtler
inflections of musical poetry.
And yet, we remained to cheer.
For the most excellent reason that
whereas most tenors forsake the
straight and narrow with nothing to
redeem them from a ridiculous and
inane perdition, Gigli does so and still
attains salvation by the sheer glory
of his voice and the passionate sin-
cerity of his Italianate lyricism, which
flows through all he does, be it Cesti,
Puccini, Mendelssohn, Grieg, or Rach-
maninoff. Gigli's limits are no widerT
than his voice and its golden stream,
but within those limits he is supreme.
The program, important as a
vehicle rather than for its own signi-
ficance, ranged from "Intorno all'idol
mio" out of Cesti's early seventeenth
century opera Orontea to the slightly
unappropos "Primavera" of Mendels-
sohn and Neapolitan folksongs. All
the leading tenor arias, from Rigolet-
to, L'Africana, Pagliacci, Boheme, and
Martha among others, were in evi-
dence, and one of the peaks of the
evening was the now too familiar
"Martha, Martha" sung as it should
be instead of being swung. Composers
represented in addition to those al-
ready mentioned were Pergolesi, Cac-
cini, Hahn, Lalo, Mascagni, Brahms
(the Lullaby in place of the scheduled
Schubert Serenade). Denza, Buzzi-
Peccia, and others in the encores too
numerous to record. Rainaldo Zam-,
boni's accompaniments might have
been rather more sympathetic in
quality with the soft-silky-smooth-
ness of the Gigli voice.
Mexico Again
The Government of Mexico has ex-
pelled from that country on twenty-
four hours' notice the correspondent
of The New York Times in Mexico
City, Frank L. Kluckhohn. Only one
inference can be drawn. Mr. Kluck-
hohn has been forced to leave Mexi-
co because of the very considerations

which have made him valuable as a
correspondent of this newspaper-
namely, his independence, his enter-
prise and his efficient reporting of
the news.
Mr. Kluckhohn has been a member
of the staff of The Times since 1929
and its correspondent in Mexico City
for the last two years. During these
two years the news from Mexico has
turned largely upon such matters as
the expropriation of land owned in
Mexico by American citizens, the
seizure without compensation of for-
eign-owned oil fields and the increas-
ingly close cooperation in various
fields between Mexico and fascist
states of Europe. Mr. Kluckhohn has
written about these matters, all of
which have been a cause of concern
to our own Government;with the in-
sight and the promptness and the
objectivity of the good reporter. The
accuracy of his news has been demon-
strated to the satisfaction of this
newspaper in two ways: first, by the
corroboration which events themselves
have given to trends and develop-
ments first reported in his dispatches
and frequently denied in official quar-
ters until it became necessary to ad-
mit their truth; second, by an investi-
gation made on the spot in Mexico
City by an assistant managing edi-
tor who went there for the purpose of
sifting such criticism as had been
directed against these dispatches. Hel
found that Mr. Kluckhohn's honesty
was unquestioned even by his sharp-
, -cf.riit int reMeican Goern-

terested in boarding at the Girls' Co-
operative House, 517 E. Ann St.. for
the coming semester, should call 2-
2218 between 6 and 7 p.m. All appli-
cations must be made by Jan. 24.
German Departmental Library: All
books are due.
:Academic Not ices
Spanish 165, Grammar for Teach-1
ers, will be offered the second semes-,
ter by Professor J. N. Lincoln Mon-
day; Wednesday and Friday at 11
o'clock in Room 307, R.L.-
Latin 42, designed especially for
professional students in medicine and
the sciences, may be elected without
the usual prerequisite as announced
in the catalog. The content of thet
course wlil conform to that of Latin
41.
Medieval Latin 136 may be electedt
without the usual prerequisite as an-1
nounced in the catalog. The contentI
of the course will conform to thatt
of Latin 135.
Scientific German A course, Ger-
man 36, "Scientific German" will bet
offered in the second semester. It is
designed for and open only to stu-
dents who are concentrating or pre-
paring to concentrate in one of the
natural sciences.,
Prerequisites: Courses German 1
and 2 in the University (or euiva-
lent in high school), and German 31
or 35. MTWF, 9. 203 UH. Nord-t
meyer. Four hours credit.-
Medical German. Course 86 in#
charge of Dr. Striedieck will be of-
fered in the second semester as an-
nounced. MTThF, 11. 306 UH. t
All Students: Registration for sec-
ond semester. Each student should
plan to register for himself during
the appointed hours. Registrations
by proxy will not be accepted.
Robert L. Williams,
Assistant Registrar.
Registration Material, College of
Architecture. Students should, call
for second semester material at Room
4 University Hall at once. The Col-
lege of Architecture will post an an-
nouncement in the near future giving1
time of conference with your classi-
fier Please wait for this notice 'e-I
fore seeing your classifier.
Robert L. Williams,s
Assistant Registrar.
Registration Material, Colleges of
L.S.&.A., Education, Music. Stu-
dents should call for second semes-
ter registration material at Room 4,z
University Hall as soon as possible.
Please see your adviser and secure all
necessary signatures.'
Robert L. Williams,
Assistant Registrar.
Exhibitions
Two Exhibits: Paintings by Sarkiss
Sarkisian, and prints from the col-
lection of the Detroit Institute of'
Arts, under the auspices of the Ann
Arbor Art Association. Jan. 11 to 25,
afternoons from 2 to 5; North and
South Galleries of Alumni Memorial
Hall.
Textile Exhibition, College of Ar-
chitecture: A showing of modern
textiles consisting of rugs, hangings,
bedspreads and pillow cases, de-
signed by Marianne Strengell, pow
on the staff of the Cranbrook Aca-
demy of Art, is on display in the
ground floor cases of the Architec-
ture Building. Open daily, 9 to 5, ex-
ept Sunday, through Jan. 25. The
public is invited.
Exhibition of Chinese Photography:
Exhibition of Chinese photographic
studies by Cheng Chao-Min will be
presented in the Galleries of the

Rackham Building from Monday,
Jan. 16, to Saturday. Jan. 21. This
showing is sponsored by the Inter-
national Center and is the last in a
series presented for this semester.
Exhbition of Chinese Amateur Pho-
tograhy: Because of the interest in
the exhibition of Chinese photog-
raphy which it is sponsoring in the
Rackham Galleries, the International
Center has arranged to continue the
exhibition through next week; it will
close Saturday, Jan. 28. The display
rooms are open all day and in the
evening, except on Sunday. Mr. Cheng
will be present most of the time to
comment on his work.
Lectures
University Lecture: John B. Cond-
liffe University Professor of Com-
merce at the London School of Ec-
onomics, will lecture on "The Break-
down of World Organization" on
Monday, Jan. 23, at 4:15 p.m. in the
Rackham Lecture Hall under the au-
spices of the Department of Ec-
onomics. The public is cordially in-
vited.

(Continued from Page 2)

cialist particularly valuable, All in-.
terested are welcomed.
Events Today
Economics Club: The next meet-
ing will be held tonight at 7:45
p.m. in the amphitheatre of the
Graduate Building. The speaker is
Dr. J. B. Condliffe, University Profes-
sor of Commerce, London School of
Economics, and the subject: "Trends
in World Trade."
University Girls' Glee Club: Re
hearsal today at 3 p.m. in Hill Audi.
torium. Attendance is compulsory.
Please be prompt.
University Choir: The University
Choir will rehearse at Lane Hall,
seven o'clock this evening, for the last
time this semester. All students are
welcome who are interested in sing-
ing the old religious music just for
the pleasure of singing it.
Perspectives: There will be a meet-
ing of the entire staff (all membes
of both the editorial board and the
lower staff) today, at 5 p.m. at the
Publications Building. It is impor-
tant that everyone be on time.
Central Committee for 1939 Junior
Girls Play will meet at 4:30 p.m. to-
day.
Stalker Hall: Class tonight in
"Through the New Testament" at
7:30 p.m. at the 'First Methodist
Church. Dr. Brashares will be the
leader.
The Disciples Guild will hold open
house at the Guild House, 438 May-
nard St., from 8 to 11 p.m., this "ee-
ning. Disciple students and their
friends are cordially invited.
Friday Services at Hillel Founda-
tion tonight at 8 p.m. Dr. Heller will
speak. Social hour will follow serv-
ices.
Class in advanced Hebrew will meet
in aftes'rn at 3:30 p.m.
Open House all day in Hillel Foun-
dation. Recorcings, games, library.
Coming Events
German Table for Faculty Members:
The regular luncheon meeting will be
held Monday at 12:10 p.m. in the
Founders' Room of the Michigan
Union.
All faculty members interested in
speaking German are cordially in-
vited. Professor Hans Pick will con-
tinue his talk (with records) on "Ab-
solute Musik und Programm Musik."
La Sociedad Hispanica will pose for
its Michiganensian picture at the
Spedding Studio, 619 East Liberty St.
on Sunday, Jan. 22 at 10 aim. All
members are urged to be on time.
Sigma Xi: The third chapter meet-
ing of the year will be held Monday,
Jan. 23 at 8 p.m. in the Amphitheatre
of the University Hospital, second
floor rear. Dr. Franklin Johnston
will speak on "The Electrocardiogram
in Diagnosis of Heart Ailments."
Druids supper meeting at the Union,
Sunday, Jan. 22, at 5:45.
Student Book-Exchange: The fol-
lowing students have been selected
for work:
Madeline Krieghoff
Harriet Pomeroy
Jean Holland
Janet Fullenwider
Norma Curtis
Barbara Griffin
Jean Ramsay
Jane Hart
Louise Garden
Mary Ellen MacCready
Wilma Cope
Ella Carle
Nancy Mikelson
Robert Ulrich

Jim Palmer
Tom Adams
Marvin Reider
Don Counihan
Paul Beard
Marshall B'own
John Spenser
Harvey Sparks
Herman Erke
Howard Egert
Jerry Cowan
Harold Voeglin
Herman Rackoff
David Panar
Larry Gubow
There will be a meeting of all Book-
Exchange workers Monday, Jan. 23,
at 4 p.m. in Room 302 of the Michi-
gan Union.
The Graduate Outing Club will meet
Saturday, Jan. 21 t 7:30 p.m. at the
Rackham Building and will go in a
group to the Intermural Building for
Indoor sports and swimming.
Sunday they will meet at the Club
room at 2:30 p.m. and from there will
go to the Saline Valley Farms for
skating and taboggoning outdoors
and games and dancing indoors. They
will return to Ann Arbor after supper.
All graduate stigdents are invited.

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to al members of the
Vniversity. Copy received at the office af the Assistant to the Preses tm
until 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.

Political News In Michigan Campaign
Dismissed In Last Of Press Articles

(Editor's Note: This ist he last in a series of articles
on the press. This third installment considers the
quality and nature of political news and advertising
during the 1938 campaign in Michigan. Edward
Magdol, '39, has collaborated with the writer in the
preparation of this series.)
By ROBERT PERLMAN
'Propaganda is like a cancerous disease when
it infects the news columns of weekly and daily
papers. In all its forms-suppression, distortion,
editorialization-propaganda in news bodes ill
for the health of a democracy. This is particularly
true in the critical period before an election.
For example, a dangerous type of misrepresen-
tation in an election campaign consists of politi-
cal advertising masquerading as legitimate news.
The reader is caught off his guard and often
is taken in, because he had dropped the skeptical
attitude he would have if he knew he were reading
paid publicity. Michigan once sought to remove
this insidious practice when it passed a statute,
still on the books, that states:
"No publisher of a newspaper or other periodi-
cal shall insert, either in its adver' ing or read-
ing columns, any paid matter which is designed
or tends to aid, injure or defeat any candidate
or political party or organization, or measure
before the people, unless it is stated therein that
it is an advertisement."
To call the statute a dead letter is understate-
ment. Literally hundreds of advertisements were
inserted in Michigan weekly papers last October
and November without any indication, let alone
statement, that the copy was advertising and
not news or feature matter.
A very pliable springboard for propaganda is
the headline, which can be twisted to deliberately
misrepresent a fact or to emphasize a relatively
unimportant part of an article's content. An ex-
ample of a headline, that might also be called
wishful thinking, was the heavy type line in a
Democratic paper over the story on Fitzgerald's
Flint speech: "G.O.P. Candidates Flee Sinking
Ship."
Referring in a news story to a candidate as
"Fitzgerald, who has developed into a first class
orator" is an extra plug that the reporter may be

But for an all-around specimen of how not to
handle news there is the main story appearing
in one of this state's daily papers, Oct. 26, headed
"Link Demo Officials With Red." According to
this paper the main story of the day was the
Dies Committee hearing at which Secretary
Perkins was accused of laxity in deporting Com-
munistic aliens. Most newspapers interpreted the
President's answer to Dies' charges against Mur-
phy as the big news event. The paper in question
did not want to neglect that entirely, so ran a
sub-headline "F.R. Defends Murphy," and a
few inches on this angle.
Mayor La Guardia of New York came to Michi-
gan for the express purpose of endorsing Murphy
for re-election. One daily paper, however, evaded
the point by headlining the story "Unity In
Labor, La Guardia Asks." He probably did, but
that was not the important thing for Michigan
readers.
It is a sad commentary on the news judgment
of the editors of another daily that they should
relegate to a few inches of type on page three
an announcement that the WPA had spent
$1,000,000 in Michigan during the past year
and in the same issue to devote twice that amoun'
of space on page one to a picture of two almost-
famous swimmers dining in a New York niight
club.
What, may be talled the wrong use of the
power of suggestion was employed by a man
who reported a speech in which Fitzgerald said
that the people had turned thumbs down on
attempts by gangsterseto fasten their rule on
Detroit when they defeated the CIO in the city
elections. In paragraph five h6 added the read-
er that "Fitzgerald's Democratic opponent Gov.-
Murphy, has the support of the CIO."
And so on. There is no end to examples of
propagandistic devices in newspapers.
People are not sensitive to these departures
from straight reporting and honest editing, how-
ever, and they are at the mercy of the men who
control newspapers when they try to find out
what is going on in the political arena. In fact
the economic ties that ally large newsnaner nih -

II

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