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January 19, 1939 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1939-01-19

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Weather
Local snows today; tomnorrow
mostly cloiu

L

Sictian

~~Iait

VOL. XLIX No. 84 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JAN. 19, 1939

PRICE FIVE CENTS

French Spurn
Loyalist Pleas;
Madrid Sends
Catalonia'Aid
South Offers 60,000 Men
As Pressure Of British
Compels ,French Action
Franco Tightening
Northern Blockade
PARIS, Jan. 18-(A-The Govern-
ment bowed today to British pressure
by agreeing to keep the Spanish fron-
tier closed to aid for.the hard-pressed
defenders of Barcelona but deter-
mined on a "vigilant defense of
French intersts.
Still determined to fight until the
end despite the severity of the blow
dealt by France, Loyalist Spain a-
nounced that 60,000 soldiers have been
shifted from theMadrid Front to the
defense of Catalonia.
The troops will be forced to travel
by sea to skirt Franco's Mediterran-
an salient.
Meanwhile, the Rebels, announced
that they were strengthening their
fleet off the coast of Catalonia in an
attempt to make the blockade tighter.
Atlee Comments
Premier Daladier's cabinet was said
by informed political sources in Paris
to have decided to stake its life on a
continued handsoff=Spain policy
rather than. risk Britain's wrath and
possible loss of her support.
Foreign Minister Georges- Bonnet
was reported to have declared Bri-
tain's friendship would cool if France
allowed arms to cross the border to
Barcelona armies.
The decision on policy was.taken at
a long cabinet meeting despite a
growing fear that victory for General-
issimo Franco would give Italy, which
is aiding him, a firm foothold on
France's southern frontier. .
The British Cabinet, clinging to
the old policy of non-intervention
desppite the gravity of Barcelona's
plight, rejected, a Labor request for
immediate recall of the House of
Commons to discuss the Spanish situ-
ation.
Tighten Blockade
Clement R. Attlee, leader of the
Labor Opposition, who made the re-
quest, had written to Prime Minister
Chamberlain:
"It is obvious that the policy of
non-intervention has now become the
means of insuring that the Spanish
Government shall be unable to provide
for its defense against aggression of
a foreign power."
British opposition to reopening of
the French' frontier in compliance
with French Leftist demands was re-
ported here to be based on Chamber-
lain's fear that the Spanish Civil
War would become a world war on the
basis of Italian and German anger
at any such action by France.
After the close of foreign affairs
debate which starts again tomorrow
in the French Chamber of Deputies,
Premier Daladier planned to demand
a vote of confidence on his Spanish
policy-in the face of heavy Com-
munist, Socialist and some center op-
position. a
British Author
And Diplomat
Coming Here
R. H. Bruce Lockhart, the British

"boy ambassador" to Russia in the
chaotic pre-war period, and author
of many books dealing with his per-
sonal diplomatic experiences, will
speak here next Thursday as 'the
fifth attraction in the current Ora-
torical Association Series.
At the age of 27 Lockhart was ap-
pointed by Lloyd George, then prime
minister of Great Britain, to head the
British Mission to Soviet Russia
which attempted to keep that coun-
try in the war on the side of the
Allies. Although he personally op-
posed the Allied intervention in the
Soviet Union, Lockhart finally de-
cided to back it in the hope that it
would be an effectively forceful pro-
ceeding..
The result was imprisonment in
the Kremlin until he was exchanged
for the Soviet agent in London, Max-
im Litvinov.
His insistence on criticizing the
Allied policy toward Russia wrecked
his chance of promotion, and the re-

Louis Untermeyer, Famed Poet,
Coming Here As Guest Lecturer

Faces Gophers Tonight

Informality To Be Keynote
Of Visit; 'Bull Sessions'
Hold Prominent Place
Louis Untermeyer, well-known poet
and literary critic, will come to the
University in March as a visiting lec-
turer under the auspices of the en-
gineering English department, it war
announced yesterday by Prof. Carl E.
Burklund.
While on the campus, Mr. Unter-
meyer will offer a number of lectures
for the public and for all students
interested in ilterature, as well as
carry on informal work in connection
with Professor Burklund's class in
contemporary poetry. A large part
of his time will be given to "bull ses-
sions," conferences and meetings
with students from all branches of
the University.
According to Mr. Untermeyer, the
general purpose of his work here will
be to demonstrate the creative and
practical qualities of poetry and lit-
erature. "I want to show that the
arts and literature are related to the
practical side of life and are not con-
nected purely with literary activities,"
he said last month when discussing
his then proposed visit. "Therefore,
II' am glad to be able to take my posi-

I

Gi gi Appears
Tonight In 6th
Choral Concert
Noted Caruso Successor
Returns T Ann Arbor
For Third Engagement
Beniamino Gigli, acclaimed as the
successor to Caruso, returns to Ann
Arbor for the third time tonight to
present the sixth Choral Union con-
cert of the year in Hill Auditorium.
Patrons are asked to present coupon
four, reading "Flagstad," since this
program has been substituted for the
cancelled Flagstad engagement.
It has been six years since Gigli,
who is now celebrating the 25th anni-
versary of his debut as a concert art-
ist, has sung in this country. Coming
here in 1920 as an unknown young
tenor, he appeared in several Metro-
politan Opera productions and was
enthusiastically received. When, later
in that same season, the great Caruso
died, Gigli was immediately selected
as his logical successor.
Dr. Charles A. Sink, president of
the School of Music, announced yes-:
terday that tickets were still avail-
able at the Music School.
'Greed Opens'
Cinema Series

tion under the auspices of the English
department of the engineering col-
lege."
Most of the attention of his teach-
ing will be on the "creative enjoy-
ment" side and the "sharing of
pleasure' in poetry as supplementary
to the academic study of the struc-
ture and purpose of poetry, he said.
He hopes to be able to show for his
students the relationship of the self-
expression of poetry to self-expres-
sion in all forms of creative work and
to destroy the opinion that "art, espe-
cially poetry, is something sacro-1
sanct."
"The expression of art is the ex-
pression of the human being. There
is no difference between the bridge-
builder and the poet, except through
the different structure," he declared.
Mr. Untermeyer will arrive in Ann
Arbor March 10 and will be here un-
til April 3. He will give a public
lecture March 13, in the auditorium
of the Rackham Building on "The
Poet vs. the Average Man."
He has written or compiled more
than 30 volumes of verse and prose
and is known especially for his work
as an anthologist. Among his works
are "This Singing World," "Chal-
lenge," "The New Adam," "Modern
American Poetry," "The Poems of
Heinrich Heine,"' and others.
Class Of '42
Dance Election I
Is Tomorrow
Freshmen Will Designate
Eight Committee Heads;
Large Turnout Expected
Tomorrow is election day for the
Class of 1942. Eight posts on the
Fresh Frolic central committee are
to be filled, and from the interest 1
displayed in the large number of
petitions submitted by budding B. M.
0. C.'s, it seems as if the freshmen
will take the honors for the largest
turnout at the polls this year.
Voting machines will be open from
2 p.m. to 5 p.m. in Rooms 348 West
Engineering Building and 231 Angell
Hall, Fred Luebke, '39E, president of
Men's Council, revealed yesterday.
Identification cards will be necessary
in order to vote.
The official ballot will be prepared
tonight at the meeting of tie Council,
and will be announced for the first
time in tomorrow's Daily. According
to the new petition system, under
which class elections are now con-
ducted, the Council may nominate
three to five candidates for each of
the eight positions. In making this
final designation, members of the
Council will be guided by the recom-
mendations made by the Council
judiciary committee and the League
Judiciary Council on the basis of
scholastic and activity records and
personal interviews.
The Frolic committee will be com-
posed of three men and two women
from the literary college and three
men from the engineering college.
The candidate in the literary college
who receives the most votes will be
declared general chairman of the
dance, Luebke explained, since an
engineer held this post last year.
Solar Movies Shown
By Sawyer Last Night

'SPIKE' JAMESi
Gopher's Open
Hockey Series
Here Tonight
Minnesota Team Favored
To Continue Old Rivalry
By Trimmng Michigan
By NEWELL McCABE
Thq hockey sextet. representing the
Golden Gophers of Minnesota ar-
rived in town this morning ready to
open their two game series tonight at
the Coliseum against Coach Eddie!
Lowrey's small but fighting Wolver--S
ine squad.
A vastly improved Minnesota hock-
ey team which has finally proved
Coach Larry Armstrong's contention
that it is 40 per cent better than its
predecessor will meet the Wolverines
for the 63rd and 64th contests in the
historic Big Ten puck series tonight
and Saturday. Game time is 8 p.m.
Led by Capt. IKen Anderson, 12
Gophers will be on hand to face their
old rivals. Five veterans of the team
that shared the conference crown
with the Wolverines last season are
back.
Backbone of the colorful Gopher
offense is the mercurial Johnny Ma-
riucci, veteran defenseman and the
squad's leading scorer since he joined
the Gopher ranks last season. Al-
though taken out of one the Southern
ICalifornia games with a slashed cheek
that required 13 stitches, Mariucci re-
turned to form in the recent Illinois
tilts.
Paired with Mariucci on the defense
will be Ken Cramp, a sophomore with
Canadian hockey training. Bert Mc-
Kenzie who is playing his second year
(Continued on Page 3)
Borah Opposes
Slash In 'WPA
Sentiment Against House
Sum Rises In Senate
WASHINGTON, Jan. l8.-(P)-
Senator Borah (Rep.i Ida.) stepped
into the sizzling controversy over the
amount to be appropriated for work
relief today with a vigorous state-
ment against cutting the sum re-
quested by President Roosevelt.
He took his this stand while a Sen-
ate subcommittee heard a succes-
sion of witnesses give their views as
to whether the appropriation should
be $875,000,000 asked by the Chief Ex-
ecutive and WPA, $725,000,000 voted
by the House, or some other figure,
The appropriation is intended to fi-
I nance work relief until June.30.
The day brought additional evi-
I dences of sentiment in the Senate

Fear Of Townsend Scheme Seen
Behind Social Security Reform
Haber Favors Extendingr"
Of Benefits Of Old-Age }
Pension; Hits Reserve V.
By JACK CANAVAN
Declaring official demands for ex- *.*.<":..
tending old age insurance are inspired
in part by fear of the Townsend -Plan,
Prof. William Haber of the economics
department yesterday endorsed Presi-
dent Roosevelt's proposed liberaliza-
tion of the Social Security Act as a x
constructive move.
Nationally recognized as an au-
thority on social legislation, Profes-
sor Haber is a member of the Advisory }' -
Council on Social Security upon whose
report the President based his recent
recommendations to Congress. The , . "
Council, composed of 25 experts rep- -
rsenting labor, employers and the
public.
The current dispute over the Presi- PROF. WILLIAM HABER
dent's proposals centers around
means of abolishing the huge reserve "2. To bring under the protection
fund condemned as superflous by of the law several million persons
both sides.
Originated to make the project now excluded, particularly domestic
"self-liquidating,"-capable of paying workers, agricultural laborers and
for itself without governmentasub-' others.
sidy-the reserve is not necessary in "3. To increase benefits during the
a social security scheme, Professor early years by providing for wise al-
Haber said. And the methods sug- lowances.
gested by the Council to abolish it are "4. To substitute for the lump sum
sound. settlement in case of the wage-earn-
"The opposition to the present old- er's death, a monthly annuity to the
age insurance program comes from wife.
two groups," Professor Haber de- "These and; similar recommenda-
clared. "One wishes to abolish the old tions will reduce the reserve, estimat-
age reserve by reducing taxes. This ed to eventually reach 47 billion dol-
group, represented by Senator Van- lars, to an amount between 12 and 19
denberg in Congress, presents the billions," Professor Haber declared.
viewpoint of industry in general." "Under this plan, by 1955, a gov-
"The other group, equally opposed ernment contribution will be neces-
to the reserve, wishes to abolish it, sary and the old-age insurance
not by decreasing taxes, but by liber- scheme will become a three-party
alizing the provisions of the law so as system, labor, employers and gov-
to increase benefits and extend them ernment each bearing one-third the
to more people. expense,"
"The Advisory Council, on the Unanimously adopted by the Coun-
whole, followed this second point of cil, these recommendations were fol-
view. Their report provided for a lowed, in general, by the President
broad expansion of the old age in- in his proposals to Congress.
surance provisions of the act. "They constitute a move toward
"Their recommendations included: liberalization, motivated to a large
"1 To advance the date of pay- extent by an effort to ward off the
ments from 1942 to 1940.- - (Continued on Page 2)

In an effort to provide adequate
hospital service for the lower income
groups in the state, plans are being
completed for the formation of a non-
profit association of Michigan hospit-
%ls, it was announced yesterday by
the Michigan Hospital Association
and the Detroit District Hospital
Council, co-sponsors of the plan.
Regents of the University are ex-
pected to approve the University
Hospital's participation in the plan
when they meet Jan. 31. Dr. Harley
A. Haynes, director of the hospital,
said yesterday that he knew of no
reason why all hospitals in the State
should not join.
Under the plan hospital service will
be made available to employed per-
sons in the state for 60 cents a month.
An entire family, including man and
wife and all children under 19 years,
may receive hospital service at five
cents a day or $1.50 a month. This
includes room and board, general
nursing, operating room service and
clinical laboratory service. Maternity
service will be available to subscribers
who have held contracts for 12
months or more, but medical service
is not included.
For thedpresent, the service, which
is expected to begin operation by Feb.
15, will be limited to employes of
businesses which hire more than 10
workers, in order to avoidrestablish-
ment of expensive collection machin-
ery. Employers will make payroll de-
ductions, and turn the funds over to'
the association. Any surplus accru-
ing from the payments will be re-
turned to the subscribers either in the
form of reduced monthly rates or in-
creased service.
William J. Griffin, a trustee of Hip-
land Park General Hospital, and pres-
ident of the new association, ex-
plained yesterday that although oth-
er states have instituted similar plans,
Michigan is the first to adopt such a
wide-spread program. Eventually it
is hoped to extend the benefits of the
service to granges and fraternal or-
ganizations.

{
t
3
i
I

Senate Will Indicate U.S. Air Chief

Feature
Film

Introduces New
Group Sunday

"Greed" a screen version of Frank
Norris' novel "McTeague," to be
shown at 8:15 p.m. Sunday at the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre, is the
first picture in part two of the Art
Cinema Series, "The Post-War Ameri-
can Film."
This film, directed by Eric Von
Stoheim, has been called his "Master-
piece of Realism." Von Stroheim who
started as an extra, later acted and
helped direct under D. W. Griffith.
It was from him that he learned the
value of realism and artistic integrity
in film-making.
"Greed" with Jean Hersholt, Zazu
Pitts and Chester Conklin, portrays
with telling detail the de-humaniz-
ing effect of money. When shown in
America in 1924 it was attacked as'
being unwholesome, although it holds
the record as the greatest box office
.failure in the American film industry,
the film caused a great stir among
film critics and theorists.
Other films in the series include
three Buster Keaton comedies, Maur-
ice Chevalier and Jeanette MacDon-
ald in the "Love Parade," and Ed-
ward G. Robinson in "Little Caesar."
Tickets for the series may be obtained
at the Michigan League, Wahr's Book-
store, the Union and the Lydia Men-
delssohn Box Office.
Music Profession
Coffee Hour Topic
Prof. David A. Mattern of the mu-

Roosevelt Prestige
In Vote OnHopkins
WASHINGTON, Jan. 18.-(/P)-The
Senate's expected vote tomorrow on
onfirmation of Harry L. Hopkins to
be Secretary of Commerce marks a
najor test of the Roosevelt adminis-
tration's prestige in the new Con-
gress.
Hopkins' confirmation was ap-
proved today by the Senate Commerce
Committee by a strictly party vote of
13 Democrats to 6 Republicans. Chair-
man Bailey (Dem.-N.C.) did not vote.
A few Democrats are expected to join
an almost solid Republican opposition
when the vote is taken in the Senate,
but observers predicted there would
not be enough to block confirmation.
Ease with which the Senate rati-
fied the nomination of Felix Frank-
furter to the Supreme Court and the
nomination of Frank Murphy to be
Attorney General affords no certain
guide to Senate action on Hopkins.
While indications from the first have
pointed strongly to his confirmation,
the vote may reveal the outlines of
serious Democratic Party cleavages.
Wace To Speak,
On Sparta Today
Archaeological Authority
To Talk At 4:15 P.M.
Prof. A.J.B. Wace, Laurence Pro-
fessor of Classical Archaeology at
Cambridge University, will deliver a
University lecture on "Sparta in the
Light of the Excavations" at 4:15 p.m.
today, in the Amphitheatre of the
Graduate School.
Professor Wace, who is a graduate
of Cambridge University and Pem-
broke College, was director of the
British School of Archaeology at
Athens, Greece from 1914 to 1923 and
deputy keeper of the Victoria'and
Albert Museum, London, from 1929 to
1934. In 1924 he was Charles Eliot
Norton Lecturer for the Archeological
Association of America.
He is hne author of "A Catalogue
of the Sparta Museum," "Pre-historic
Thessaly," "Nomads of the Balkans,"
"An Approach to Greek Sculpture"
and a large number of articles of an
arch~naeoloical nature.

Tells Congress
Aviation Needs
Maj.-Gen. Arnold Calls For
Expansion Of Air Corps
In Case Of 'Emergency'

Ii

i
.
;,
r
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s
r
k
1

Termed the best solar moving pic-

t{

tures ever produced, films depicting against following the leadership of
sun prominences taken from the Mc- the House and reducing the approp-
Math Hulbert Observatory were riation requested. Senator Bone
shown last night in the Natural (Dem., Wash.), for example, testified
Science Auditorium with a running before the subcommittee in favor of
commentary by Howard Edmund the larger sum, and Senator Dow-
Sawyer, assistant astronomer at the ney (Dem.-Calif.) announced that he
Observatory. would support it.
Nazi Minister Of Propaganda
May Be Demoted To New Post
'J

WASHINGTON, Jan. 18.-(')-The
Army's top-ranking aviator told Con-
gress today "an emergency" made it
necessary to complete in two years
the $300,000,000 Air Corps expansion
recommended by President Roosevelt.
Major-General H. H. Arnold, Chief
of the Army Air Corps, detailed the
proposed expansion before the House
Military Committee at the opening of
public hearings on the major phase
of the President's $552,000,000 de-
fense program.
When pressed by Republican mem-
bers of the committee for details as
to the nature of the emergency, Ar-
nold declined to answer the questions
in public.
Arnold said the Air Corps needed
four new major air bases to be able
to carry out its defense mission and
said they should be located at Puerto
Rico, Alaska and at two points in
the continental United States.
In addition to expansion of the Air
Corps, the Army has asked that the
Panama Canal's fortifications and
garrison be strengthened and that
an extra set of locks be constructed
to speed up fleet movements through
the waterway and minimize the dan-
ger of sabotage.
Chown's Work
Band ,Feature
Medley Of Campus Tunes
To Be Played Sunday
When the Varsity band plays "A
Michigan Fantasy" at its concert to'
be held at 4:15 p.m. Sunday in Hill
Auditorium, it will be presenting a
novel arrangement of Michigan tunes
by Donn Chown, Grad., one of its
members.
Chown, manager of the band last
year, has included "Varsity," "When
Night Falls, Dear," "I Want To Go

Police Squads
Arrest Young
Irish Saboteurs
Lightning Raids Are Result
Of Activities Of Illegal
Irish Republican Army
LONDON, Jan. 18-()-Swift raids
by police bomb squads today resulted
in the seizure of large quantities of
ammunition and explosives and the
arrest of 14 young suspected mem-
bers of the illegal. Irish Republican
Army in connection with a series of
explosions throughout the United
Kingdom.
t Police arrested seven Irishmen in
Manchester, where blasts killed one
man and injured two. Seven were
arrested in London. All were ordered
held a week pending Scotland Yard's
further investigation into alleged or-
ganized sabotage aimed at Britain's
key public services, such as power,
water and gas works.
The I.R.A., banned by both the
Eire (Ireland) and Ulster (Northern
Ireland) governments, demands the
complete severance of Ireland from
Britain. It is believed to number
about 25,000.
Those arrested in Manchester were
charged with illegal possession of six
barrels of explosives. In the London
Bow Street Court police testified
they found several automatic pistols,
rifles, explosives and more than 1.00
rounds of ammunition when they
raided the homes of the seven Irish-
men arrested.

BERLIN, Jan. 18-(A)-Propaganda
Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels re-
turned to his desk today after an ill-
ness of several weeks, but persistent
rumors in reliable circles said he would
leave it soon for a new post-perhaps
that of Chief Nazi District Leader-
in a general re-shuffling of high Nazi
officials.
Late in December critics of Dr.
Goebbels' tactics in the November
anti-Jewish campaign said that he
had failed to avert foreign criticism
and that a change was coming where-
by he would be divested of his propa-

regard to domestic policy. It was said
Heinrich Himmnler, Chief of German
Police and the black-uniformed SS
Elite Guards, might succeed him.
These reports circulated among
usually well-informed men who see in"
such moves, if made, a continuation
of Chancellor Hitler's policy of bal-
ancing radicals and moderates. If the
Goering appointment could be re-
garded as a victory for the moderates,
Himmler's elevation would please the
more radical Nazis.
Dr. Goebbels had been away from
his office since shortly before Christ-

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Civil Service Probe
Stymied By Snowfall

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