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September 20, 1938 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1938-09-20

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1 11 11 a a....1 V 11 1aa V r a 1 2a.- .' . 1La





rdited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Pubishea every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
1t or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. itl
= ghts of republication of all other matters herein also
AEtered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4.00; by mail, $4.50.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1937-38
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Board of Editors
Managing Editor . Robert D. Mitchell
Editorial Director . . . . . Albert P. Mayio
City Editor . . . . . . Horace W. Gilmore
Associate Editor . Robert I. Fitzhenry
Associate Editor . . . . . . S. R. Kleiman
Associate Editor . . . . . Robert Perlman
Associate Editor ...... William Elvin
Associate Editor . . . . Joseph Freedman
Associate Editor ...... Earl Gilman
Book Editor . . . . . Joseph Gies
Women's Editor . . Dorothea Staebler
Sports Editor . . . .. .. . ud Benjamin
Business Department
Business Manager . . . . Philip W. Buchen
Credit Manager . . . Leonard P. Siegelman
Advertising Manager . William L. Newnan
Women's Business Manager .. Helen Jean Dean
Women's Service Manager . . Marian A. Baxter
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily .
staff and represent the views of the writers
Frosh.. I
With this issue of the Daily, the staff extends
greetings to the incoming class of 1942. In this
edition, the editors have tried to sum up for your
information all the many activities that may
interest you during your college years, thereby
helping you quickly to become acclimated to this
n,0enyirOnment that.you haye now entered. We
hope that somewhere in these pages you will
find the outside activity that will season the
heavier work of the classroom with the spice of
campus life. For it is outside of the classroom
that the student makes his most lasting friend-
ships and acquires those memories that will
brighten all his reminiscences in after years.
That the University considers this true is evi-
denced by the many activities that are fostered by
its administrators. The athletic teams, whether
intercollegiate or intramural, the concerts, the
social societies, the debating teams, the com-
mittees and affairs sponsored by the Union and
the League, the theatricals, and last but not
least, the publications, all are supported by Uni-
versity approval and funds. Here is a list of in-
teresting activities that has never before been
surpassed for any generation of students. Be-
cause you are not given a personal invitation to
take up some special activity, do not become de-
terred from entering it. It is difficult for the
great majority of students to offer themselves
for a position or tryout, but if you will just re-
member that every one who has made good before
you has had to face the same obstacles, you will
undoubtedly be less over-awed by taking the
first step.
And, too, you can't imagine how the upper-
classmen are envying you at this point. We must
in a few months go out and face a cool and
skeptical world. You are entering the last long
four years of a relatively carefree and irrespon-
sible existence. Granted that studies and mid-
years promise. bad moments ahead, you will be
.surprised at the many times the professors give
you the benefit of the doubts you are feeling.
And if you do now and then find the going hard,

you will still be safe under the benevolent care
of your alma mater and the meal ticket provid-
ed by your father. We who will be pounding the
pavements next year in an effort to find the road
to success, envy you your future, which is still
so long before you, as a student at the University
of Michigan..
And possibly that is the crux of this editorial-
that we envy you your life in Ann Arbor as a
Michigan student. Michigan is one of the oldest
and most important state universities, and as
such has acquired a tremendous background of
scholarly research and equipment in all the
fields of education offered in its curriculum. As
an institution it is vitally concerned with the
advancement, well-being and happiness of its
students. The town is built by and around the'
University, and the students hold a welcome from
the townspeople. And the freshmen are accorded
a place of a privileged younger member of the
family, a pest at times it is true, but holding the
hopes of the older members to carry on to greater
heights the traditions and activities that have
occupied each one in turn.
(C1as of 1942. w tn ndn toyo on friendliest

Frosh... II
We couldn't remember the exact words of the
welcoming editorial when we were freshmen, but
we're sure they ran something like this: "In
behalf of the University, students and faculty
members we welcome you to Michigan . . .
You'll have important decisions to make in this,
your freshman year-whether you will pledge a
fraternity or not, whether you will participate in
sports or extra-curricular activities, and so on
. . .You'll love Michigan . . . Remember you
will get out of school just what you put into it
It was a nice formula, harmless, easily handled
and well-used, but its emptiness palls on us now.
We don't like its smugness, its flaccid moralizing,
its tacit acknowledgement of a self-contain
world, bounded by State Streeet and Washte-
naw. We are 'sure that three years hence you will
feel that 'most of the decisions you faced your
freshman year were not vitally important, that
most of the crises that worried you were foolish,
that the sports, and extra-curricular activties
which consumed your time were not of major
significance. You will realize then, if not before,
that you are not leaving one rather distasteful
world and entering another one, distinct, pleas-
ant and isolated from the former. If Ann Arbor
is a pleasant town to you, it is because of the
unpleasant fact that in Ann Arbor are left be-
hind the sons and daughters of the poorer classes
who couldn't scrape together the dollars and
cents to get a higher education, because left
behind are the slums and the unemployed, vice
and corruption. But whether you remember them
or not, they exist, and their existence affects you
closely, whether you perceive it or not. It will af-
fect you even more closely when you leave this
pleasant little world of comfortable students and
faculty men after four years . . . if yoi stay
here four years.
Campus Or Drill-Ground
We say "if," for there's every likelihood that
very soon now we will all be taking part in drills
in olive-drab on this beautiful campus of ours,
this sweet isolated spot which seems so far away
fom all that we've left behind and which we
will find is not so isolated as we, at first, sup-
posed. We will find to' our sorrow and to our
parents' sorrow that the generation that died in
1917, before many of us were born, died futilely,
and that we shall die futilely unless . . .
Unless what? Unless we make every attempt
to fight against this next war, unless we fight
against race prejudice and intolerance, unless
we try to fight against depression and poverty,
corruption and injustice, unless we equip our-
selves with the education Michigan can and will
give if we are willing to fight this fight. Unless,
in short, we never forget that we are a part of
the millions in schools and colleges whose re-
sponsibility and destiny it is to lead tle nation
in later life. And by leadership we do not mean
the few of us who will be in the top offices in
government, but the mass of us who will never
have a government position, those of us who,
though occupied in a thousand different ways of
making a living will be responsible for making
intelligent use of the ballot and ultimately the
decisions as to foreign policy, laws regulating
business, national income, the slums, rackets, the
farm problem, the navy, taxes and so on, which
confront our national life. The immediate obli-
gation, then, which we have to discharge is
- equipping ourselves for this duty of leadership.
Education Of Supreme Import,
And the chief part of that equipment is an
education, the attainment of which should ever
be the one thing that is uppermost in our minds,
all the other activities which exhaust our ener-
gies being absolutely worthless except as they
zontribute to our eduation.
There are great obstacles which must be over-
come constantly in the struggle for education.
First, there is the handicap of the prejudices
and biases of the home environment, second,
there is the handicap of four years of faulty
high school preparation.'Then there is the handi-
cap of poor instructors and sloppily taught

courses. And then the seeming conspiracy of the
University and its minions to prevent you from
reading outside of your text-books by piling up
the work on you. Not least is the call bf all the
numberless organizations and activities. which
compete with each other to make you think
school is the least pleasant and hence least im-
portant extra-curricular activity in which one
can participate. Equally important in blocking
your attempt at education is the lack of time and
energy for keeping up with world events, think-
ing about them and discussing them.
University Cannot Guide
These are the main obstacles in your way, and
unfortunately the University does not, perhaps
because it cannot, guide you around these traps
and lead you to its only important gift-a liberal
education. If you don't care about an education,
your path will be much easier, and you may
while away your time in any of the pleasant
littleleddies that dot University life. You may
or may not be unhappy in this case, but one thing
is certain you will be without' conscience and
without intelligence if you use up four years
here of your parents' and the state's money in
this fashion. If you are interested in getting an
education, there are many students around who
have the same goal and who can help you by
their experience, and many faculty members
who have not been content to regard their duty
as teachers with indifference. These can and will
give you guidance. If you are really interested in
making the investment which you represent
valuable, nothing will stop you, but the way is
difficult and at times depressing. The main task
you will have is keeping your perspective clear,
weighing the things you want to do with a

Ji feentr ibo le
Heywood Broun
This is to introduce myself to readers of theE
Michigan Daily.-
First of all, I was born in Brooklyn. That isn't
precisely notable but combined with other cir-
cumstances, it helps out. You see, I moved to NewI
York at the age of eleven months and five days.1
It was a wise decision and I have remained there
ever since. That practically makes me eligible
for membership in the small band of New York-
ers who were actually born there.
Notoriously New York draws many aggressive
and able citizens from other parts of the coun-
try, and in order to make room for them, the
natives have to move out. These folk from the
far-flung kingdoms take the island from the
New Yorkers just as the Dutch bargained it away
from the Indians. I would never have been al-
lowed to remain but for the fact that they said,
"After all, he's only a Brooklynite."
In presenting my credentials it will be possible
to skip all the early harrowing years of infancy
and adolescence. I'm saving that up for a novel.
Upon leaving school I went to Harvard and re-
mained four years but I was not graduated at
the end of the period. The trouble was elemen-
tary French and it has not yet been conquered in
spite of a year spent with the A.E.F. as a war
Call He Uncle Heywood
For two summers before getting out of college
I worked on New York newspapers during the
summer.- This makes me a veteran of more than
twenty years and the youngsters around the
office call me Uncle Heywood.
In the beginning it was my intention to leave
some doubt about my age in the hope that
through the confusion I might get a break. But
having said so much I might go through in order
to quiet the rumor that I am fifty. I was born in
1888, but unfortunately late in the year.
If anybody bobs up to ask why all these dull
details should be given in an introductory column
for The Daily I can only say that "It Seems To
Me" is by design a personal column. The opin-
ions about men and affairs which will be ven-
tured from time to time are wholly my own,
Nobody else should be blamed. I purpose to say
what I think. Of course, I could be wrong. That
has happened.
From Diamond To Drama
After college I was a baseball writer for several
seasons which led naturally enough to my being
made dramatic critic for The New York Tribune.
Ethel Barrymore, who was playing at the time,
remarked in commenting on a somewhat adverse
review, "All the critics liked me except one who I
understand is a baseball reporter. Baseballis our
national game and I like it, but after all there is
a good deal of difference between the diamond
and the drama, is there not?"
That was the first and most useful publicity I
ever received. Sporting editors around the coun-
try came to my rescue and asserted that base-
ball writers were much more proficient and im-
portant than dramatics. I became almost the
symbol of an oppressed people and I felt like
Dreyfus or Dred Scott.
I left the drama to be a war correspondent.
Reporters have many advantages in war. Because
of the uniform prescribed for us, we looked like
major generals at a distance and we had the
fastest automobiles in the Expeditionary Force.
And if we ever got in a spot where the Germans
were shooting at us, it was always possible to
remember that it was close to press time back
home and that we had to leave the front and
file a story.
General Pershing, himself, spoke to me once.
He said, "How did you get so much mud on your

A Blueprint
If Germany invades Czechoslovakia,
just how will she go about it? A very
good guess is contained in a statement
of Colonel Conrad of the German
army, which has just won a prize"
contest of the German Military Acad-
emy. Colonel Conrad's plan, translat-
ed in a recent issue of The Living
Age, is known to follow closely Hit-
ler's own ideas.1
Conrad's plan is based on a light-
ning attack on Czechoslovakia and
the assumption that the Czech army
would be destroyed within fourteen
days. He proposes no declaration of
war. S.A. and S.S. troops would sneak
across the border from Germany and
join the Sudeten Deutsch in an up-
rising. German airplanes would sud-
denly bomb Prague and other Czech
cities in order to break the morale of
the civilian population. Two German
armies, headed by tank corps, would
come down from the north and up
from the south (from what was for-
merly Austria) and meet, cutting
Czechoslovakia in two. They would
then capture Prague and go beyond it,
this being essential to the plan as the
author conceives it.
Britain Would Look Away
Colonel Conrad, writing shortly be-
fore May 21, was absolutely certain
that Great Britain would not inter-
fere with such a project. In his article,
he assumes that France and Soviet
Russia would be allies of Czechoslo-
vakia. Poland would be neutral or
might even invade Czech territory.
Hungary would also attack. Jugoslav-
ia would remain aloof.tRumania is
"helpless." He is contemptuous o
Soviet Russia's military strength. Her
infantry cannot come through Poland,
and cannot arrive in time if it comes
through Rumania. Soviet airplanes
are more important, but can be driv-
en off.
The Colonel dismisses France abou
as lightly. He thinks French mobili-
zation would be so slow that th
Czechs would be crushed before
France had an army in the field. In
the meantime, a few troops occupy
ing the German fortifications in the
west could easily hold off her ad-
vance guard. Colonel Conrad be-
lieves France is half-hearted abou
her support of Czechoslovakia and
could readily be frightened into stay
ing out. He advocates no aggressiv
move toward France, in order to pre
vent creating a war psycholog
among her people. He gives the sam
advice about England.
Discounts Czech Resistance
This military man thinks Czechos
lovakia herself is of no importanc
in a military sense. He counts on divi
sion within the Czech army, with th
German, Magyar and Slovak soldier
refusing to fight. The Czechs them
selves, he 'says, are not a military
people, and their morale may go t
pieces at the first blow. For this rea
son, a policy of frightfulness is t
be pursued, with a sudden swift at
tack, bombing cities, and so on.
The Czechs having been destroye
in fourteen days, a large part of th
German troops will be rushed bac
to the west and assembled along th
French frontier, as a precautio
which the author does not take ver
seriously. His emphasis on speed i
not because of military dangers fro
a longer war but because, as he say
bluntly, Germany does not posses
the raw materials necessary for a
extended struggle.
This is a terrifying document fo
more than one reason. It is stampe
all over with the distortions and ig
norance implanted in the author b
five years of rigid censorship. Eve
a colonel in the German army doe
not know that air raids have faile
to break civilian morale in'Spaino"
in China. He believes that a war coul
be fought and ended before Franc
could mobilize. He assumes that So
iet Russia is negligible in a militar
sense. He badly underrates the fight

ing qualities of the Czechs as the
are reported by independent observ
ers with no axe to grind. He leave
out Great Britain.
Repeating Errors Of 1914
Colonel Conrad repeats the tw(
huge errors of the German plan
attack in 1914. Then it was thoug
that France could be beaten tohe:
knees in a few weeks, before Russi
could mobilize, and the armies coul
thereafter be rushed from the Wes.
tern front to the East. Both the
French and the Russian armies were
underestimated, and there was a ger
eral opinion that all non-German
are cowards and weaklings who wil
turn and run if you make menacinj
.faces at them. All these assumption
were wrong in 1914; they are wror
today. From time to time we hav,
heard that the German general sta:
is realistic in its thinking and be
lieves Germany would be defeated b
any war waged now. Even if thisi


itane Zugsmith Portrays
A 1938 Summer Soldier

THE SUMMER SOLDIER, by significance. Why he is in the book
Leave Zugsmith. Random House, New at all only Miss Zugsmith knows.
York. $2.50. 'No Agitators Down Here'
By JOSEPH GIES When the committee nears its des-
One hundred and fifty or so years tination it receives a telegram from
ago, when the going got tough in one of the leaders who has preceded
the American Revolution, Tom Paine it not to get off at Chew, but at an-
addressed those engaged in the other town, one stop previous to
struggle for liberty with these famous Chew. There they art greeted in suc-
words: "These are the times that try cession by a newspaper article ("Sher-
men's souls. The summer soldier and iff "ears Violence To Reds") of the
the sus.Te patriot wlli ri, ntypical sort, by a refusal of hotel
the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, accomodations which forces them to
shrink from the servic of their coon- take lodgings' at. a dirty road-house-
try; but he that stands it now de- tk ognsa it odhue
serves the love and thanks of man and inn alive with lice and rats, and by
woman." Leane Zugsmith's parallel an enforced visit to the police station,
is the sharpening crisis beginning to where the police chief has their bag-
appear in our democracy in the form gage searched and informs them that
of fascistic tendencies among certain he cannot guarantee to protect them
industrialists. Chew County, in which against "a certain element around
MisZugsmith's novel is laid, is an here . . . They won't tolerate your
Miss Zgmt'nve sadsanstirring up the niggers and agitating
obvious fictional version of Harlan, the working people down here."
where the mine operators whose ac-
tivities shocked the nation when ex- 100% Americans--90 Proof
posed by the LaFollette Committee a That night the hundred per cent
year ago have recently signed con- Americans, patriotically liquored up
tracts with the United Mine Workers, and obviously "acting with orders, run
apparently conceding defeat in their the group out of town. The episode is
fight against unionization. brief, dramatic and disgusting.
Miss Zugsmith is not primarily con- The reactions of Pettee, the profes-
cerned with social conditions per se, sor, and Shoemaker, the minister, are
however, and the significance of the the only ones of deep interest. The
book is not affected by current events two leaders naturally are determined
in the real Harlan. The author's pur- to come back and fight. The two
pose is to draw a picture of the faint- women are naturally determined to
hearted liberal confronted by realis- get back to civilization 'on the first
tic fascism in action. For the title train. I forget what the southern his-
role she has selected a college pro- torian does. But for Pettee and Shoe-
fessor who has gained a reputation maker the experience is the decisive
in left-wing intellectual circles. Tom event of their lives. Shoemaker goes
Pettee is a man of slight physical into the fight with his eyes open; a
stature whose experience in the war message from his wife that his salary
made him a pacifist and whose study- has been held up does not deter him.
ing has made him a radical. He is Pettee, on the other hand, though
comparatively well-off, rather self- sympathetic to Shoemaker and the
satisfied but still materially ambitious. >thers, isn't taking any more chances
Professor Versus Pastor himself. He reflects that although he
He is placed in juxtaposition to a is free from the threat of such pres-
liberal minister, Walter Shoemaker, a sure as that put on the minister, he
man of deep convictions and un- has possibly been jeopadiing his
shakeable faith in the principles of takes refuge in the thought that "the
e his religion. Shoemaker has been told t s hei es h.g.t.It th e r
- by trustees of his church that they South is hopeless . .. If there is ever
do not care about his private oplniorls a revolution the South won't take
t but that he has no business going out prt in it Wend take it over." Hown
d of his way to tell the congregation ever, he doesn't fool Carol Gllma.n
- his economic views, and his reply is the divorcee - the woman-of-the-
e printed in italics: "I must go out of world who doesn't care a damn for
- my way to tell my people about Jesus' anything except her own comfort, but
. eah thesohuman salvatin. I mut who is sickened by the professorial
Christian religion. Don't you see?" attitude with which he covers up his
Christian religio Don't you, se" cowardice. You're going to capture
They do not see of course for, as he the South, aren''t you," she says sar-
is aware, "his opponents were econ- teSuh rntyu h assr
- omically situated so that they could castically, "in your living room with
e not agree with him." a bunch ofestudentsand stay-at-
These two men serve on a civil home professors hanging on your
Le _L .,a.. . ..sa. x .x ...,.. a. civila, words?"
- erte omte ntge ont

liberties committee that goes down to
s Chew County to investigate conditions
- and, if possible publicize them. There
are five other people on the commit-
0 tee; two of them are the leaders of
- the party, hardened radicals wholly
° devoted to their cause, resolute and
- obstinate. There are two women; one
a social worker of honest convictions
d but of pardonably weak nerves, the
e other a divorcee-adventuress who has
k taken up labor as one of the tempor-
e ary hobbies to which she resorts as a
n diversion. The other committee ,mem-
y ber, a historian who has been taken
s along because he is a southerner,
n serves absolutely no purpose in the
s book (as far as I can see); we do
>s not learn enough of his character to
n form any opinion of him, and his
actions appear to be totally devoid of
d true, if it is also fair to assume that
- Colonel Conrad is typical of the ruling
Y German mentality today-and there
n is every reason to believe that he Is
s -it means that the lessons of the
d World War were all useless, even in
r the narrowest sense of military stra-
d tegy. The Germans have shut them-
e selves up in a dream world from
- which truth is excluded; and their
y dreams are the ones that ruined them
- before.1
y -The New Republie1

He Plans His Future
Professor Pettee conveniently finds
her insinuations beneath his dignity.
He thinks of an essay he might Write:
". . he knew now that he had not
been on the right tack . . . With the
world dividing into two camps, Pas-
cist and Conununist (not a bad open-
ing; polish it, of course), with ideol-
ogies that have much in common,
the artist must exercise all his vigi-
lance to preserve his liberty as an
artist. He took out his note book and
jotted down the sentence he had just
formulated. 'There must be fno re-
st'raints on the artist,' he added. 'The
artist may live in an economic world,
but he must not be of it. (Not influ-
enced by economics, better?)' He
pocketed his notebook. That wasn't
it, precisely; but it was a start."
This is the sixth of Miss Zugsmith's
novels. It is pretty certainly her best.
Adequate character delineation is de-
rived , entirely from the words and
actions of the people themselves. The
structure of the work is excellent; it
moves -smoothly in spite of frequent
changes of location from a natural
opening to a logical conclusion. The
book is short as novels go (290 pages),
,but it says everything it has to say,
makes its points without didacticism,
and concludes gracefully.


Ahead G-Men

Attorney-General Cummings now denies that
the Department of Justice has stopped its inquiry
into conditions in New Jersey, or that it has
found no evidence that civil rights have been
violated there. The denial is most welcome.
Let's be charitable and assume that the depart-
ment officials who gave out a statement to that
effect simply got their wires crossed. There is,
of course, also a strategy of sending out trial
balloons-issuing statements, observing the puk
lic's response, then making a quick denial if the
effect is unfavorable. The public response on this
occasion was distinctly disapproving, the notori-
ous conditions in Boss Hague's domain being com-
mon knowledge. However, it's pleasanter to as-
sume that Mr. Cummings didn't use this strategy,
but that his agents are still pushing the inquiry
with might and main, and that some underling
merely spoke out of turn in saying they were
through with the job.
For if the inquiry is indeed being pursued with
vigor, it should be readily perceived, by the study
of events and the record, that free speech has
become a limited privilege of the chosen few in
the Hague principality. If the department finds
out that fact and publishes it, the ugly suspicion
will be downed that Boss Hague is to receive a
whitewash because of his prestige and vote-
getting ability in the Democratic party.
-The St. Louis Post-Dispatch
When is a strike not a strike, and when is it
a demonstration? That is the question that both-
ered University of Minnesota peace rally-ers re-
cently, and they found the answer to be some-
thing like this: "A strike is a demonstration
when the university administration calls th
names." So, with great hurry and bustle, rally
planners scurried about the campus to change
all signs advertising the affair from "strike'
to "demonstration."

Puhiication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all meinbers of the
University. Copy received at the oMe of the Assistant to the Pr.14dent
untl 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.


TUESDAY, SEPT. 20, 1938
To Users of the Daily Official Bul-
letin: The attention of users of The
Daily Official Bulletin is respectfully
called to the following:
(1) Notice submitted for publica-
tion must be typewritten and must
be signed.
(2) Ordinarily notices are pub-
lished but once. Repetition is at the
Editor's discretion.
(3) Notices must be handed to the
Assistant to the President, as Editor
of the Daily Official Bulletin, Room
1021 A.H., before 3:30 p.m., (11:00,
LaVerne Noyes Scholarships: No
new applications for these scholar-
ships, can be accepted for considera-
tion after the end of this week, Sept.
Frank E. Robbins.
Eligibility for Public Activities: The
attention of all those participating
in public activities is called to the
following ruling.
Certificate Of Eligibility.-At the

opening of the first semester must be
approved as at any other time.
Before permitting any student or
students to participate in a public
activity (see definition of Participa-
tion above), the chairman or man-
ager of such activity shall (a) require
each applicant to present a certifi-
cate of eligibility, (b) sign his in-
itials on the back of such certificate
and (c) file with the Chairman of
the Committee on Student Affairs
the names of all those who have pre-
sented certificates of eligibility and a
signed statement to exclude all oth-
ers from participation.
University Directory, 1938-39: All
University Directory cards2were due
in the Editorial Office, 221 Angell
Hall, on September 17. The cards
received on that date are now in the
hands of the printer. In order to
ensure early publication of the Direc-
tory this year, departments that have
not reported should do so at once.
Ira 1. Smith, Registrar.
Astronomy 101 and 201 (Dr. Max-
well).. These classes will hold their
first meetings on Tuesday, Oct. 4th.

There are five tests of the evidence
of education-correctness and preci-
sion in the use of the mother tongue;
refined and gentle manners, the re-
sult of fixed habits of thought and
action; sound standards of apprecia-
tion of beauty and of worth, and a
character based on those standards;
power and habit of reflection; effici-
ency or the power to do.--Nicholas
Murray Butler.
At last the fair ones who proudly
displayed the fraternity pins of their

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