Considerable cloudiness and
cooler today; tomorrow fair.
Peace Te . .
Dlemocratic Q1uest ...
VOLA. LX.-No. 2
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, SEPT. 27, 1938
., .. R
Nears New Record
As 10,649 Register
Present Figures Reveal
501 Gain Over Same
School Period Last Year
Loss Of 178 Shown
In Literary College.
Virtual assurance of an all-time
high- in University enrollment was
given yesterday when figures re-
leased by Miss Marian -Williams, Uni-
versity statistican, showed a total
enrollment to date of 10,649. At the
corresponding date last year, 10,148
students had enrolled, with the final
figure hItting 10,964 for a University
0 the total number enrolled to date,
7,714 are men and 2,935 are women,
corresponding closely to last year's
ratio of 7,286 men to 2,862 women.
Most noteworthy, according to offi-
cials in the Registrar's Office, is the
decrease of 178 students in the literary
college with a corresponding gain in-
dicated in the professional schools and
The total enrollment to date in
schools and colleges is as folows: the
iterary college, 4,408 as against 4,586
ast year; the engineering college, 2,033
as against 1856; the Medical School,
457 as against 459; the Law School,
606 as against 533; the pharmacy col-
lege, 72 as against 71; thedental col-
lege, 170as against 154; the architec-
ture college, 306 as against 310; the
forestry school, 167 as against 159;
the business administration sdhool,
164 as agaist 134; the education
school, 378 as against 331; the nursing
school, X254 as against 196; the music
school,231 as against 223 and the
Graduate School, 1504 as against
Tie :figures given above, Miss Wil-
liams said, do not add up to the total
giveni, since many of the enrollments
are in combined curriculum and thus
are indicated more than once.
A, total gain of 4.9 per cent over the
coresponding date lst year ism d-
cated by the increase of 501 students.
Mden's - enrollments increased 428 to
mark up a gain of 5.9 per cent, while
women's, ' with an increase of 73,
gained 2.6 per cent aver last year's
The greatest gain in schools and
colleges was noted in the engineering
college with an increase of 177 stu-
dents over last year at the coes-
ponding date. Other colleges which
marked up increases in enrollment
are: Law with 73; the Graduate
School with 249; and the nursing'
school with 58.
T O pen Soon
Dean Diehl Of Minnesota
Medical School To Speak
Here October Twelfth
Dean H. S. Dieh of the University
of Minnesota Medical School will in-
augurate the 1938-39 University lec-
ture series Oct. 12 when he will speak
in celebration of the 25th anniversary.
of the Health Service.-
All lectures in the series, which is
sponsored by the schools, colleges and
departments of the University will;
be given at 4:15 p.m. Thursdays in I
either the Natural Science Auditorium1
or the auditorium of the Graduate]
School. Definite announcement of
the place of the lectures will be made]
in the -Daily before each lecture. ;
At present, lectures are only tenta-I
tively scheduled. Roland D. Craig,
,chief of the Division of Forest Ec-
onomics of the Dominion of .Canada
will speak on Oct. 20. Theodore Dors-
*sing, librarian at the University of1
Copenhagen, Denmark, will speak on
Nov. 8 and 9.
Other lecturers, whose times andr
subjects have not yet been announced
are: Prof. B. Sargent Florence of the
Department of Economics at the
University of Birmingham; Prof. A. J.1
B. Wace of Cambridge University;'
(Continued on Page 6)
.For All Frosh Men
ROTC Boys Fight;
Just Watch Their
Two card displays will be present-
ed Saturday at the Michigan State
football game by the newly organized
cheering section, Ted Spangler, '40,
chairman of the organization com-
mitte , announced yesterday.
The center seats ih sections 22, 23
and 24, including 900 seats, will be
occupied by the new cheering section.
About half of these seats will be oc-
cupied by members of the ROTC.
These were all that could be contact-
ed in time for organization, Spangler
"ROTC men will be drilled and in-
structed in the operation of the card
display at their regular drills this
week," Spangler said. "We have
asked them to take part because they
are the only large group on campus
who could be so organized that they
could present this type of display,"
Don L. Nixon, '40, Union publicity
director, said yesterday that "the rea-
son a cheering section hasn't worked ,
here before is that no one organized
group took part and there were dif-,
ferent people in the cheering section'
Regular Meeting Today
_ Will complete Rules;
Cup Is Won
By Kappa Nu
Dean's office Announces
Phi Epsilon.Pi Is Next,
Phi KappaSigma Third
Alpha Delta Pi First
Top scholarship rating among
Michigan's 41 general fraternities this
year was won by Kappa Nu with an
average of 81.5 per cent out of a
possible 100 per cent, the Dean of
Students Office announced yesterday.
Phi Epsilon Pi was second with 80.5
and Phi Kappa Sigma was third with
Sorority scholastic honoi-s were tak-1
en by Alpha Delta Pi with 82.7 per
cent, Delta Gamma with 81.8 and Pi
Beta Phi with 80.9.
In the rating for the campus as a
whole, independent women have an
average of 78.5 to lead all other classi-
fications. General Sororities, women's1
dormitories and league houses, general
fraternities, and independent men fol-
low in the order named. Grades earned
by ineligible pledges in fraternitiesz
and sororities have been omitted from
the fraternity and sorority records,
Mpiss Marian Williams, University
New Method Planned
Phi Delta Epsilon leads 12 medicalt
fraternities with an average of 83.2
while Alpha Epsilon Iota, women'sr
medical sorority, is second with 81.8X
and Phi Lambda Kappa third with
( The committee ai scholarship has
decided that, beginning with the year
1938-39, the system of figuring aver-
ages shall be changed from a percent-
age to a grade point basis, and that
for future scholastic reports the fol-
lowing scale shall be used: A equals
1 points, B equals 3 points, C' equals
2 points, D equals 1point and E equals
Reports showing the grades earnedl
by individual members of the various.
groups are on file in Room 122 of the
Re-Affirms October 1 Ultimatum
Britain, France, RussiaAnnounce
United Czech Defence As Hitler
Magdol Is New Director Graduate School, the Dean's Office
said. Scholarship chairmen, of the
A general all-campus election to fill rvrious groups were ur der that a-
the 16 vacant positions In the Stu- couragement and direction may be
dent Senate will be held Friday, Oct. given to the poor students and recog-
21, it was announced yesterday by nition to those who have excelled.
Edward Magdol, '39, director of elec-
tions. List Given in Order,
To provide the Senate with a true The list of fraternity ratings is as
cross-section of student opinion' the follows: Kappa Nu, 81.5; Phi Epsilon
Hare system of proportional represen- Pi, 80.5; Phi Kappa Sigma, 80.2; Zeta
tation with the single transferable Beta Tau, 80.0; Phi Lambda Phi,
vote will again be used in the voting, 80.0; Phi Sigma Delta, 79.2; Chi Phi,
ehe said. Plans for the forthcoming 78.9; Tau Kappa Epsilon, 78.6; Zeta
elections will be completed at the Psi, 78.5; Phi Sigma Kappa, 78.1; Al-
first regular meeting of the Student pha Delta Phi, 78.1
Senate at 8 p. m. today in the League. The list continues with Chi Psi, Tri-
Robert Rosa, '39, will act as tempor- gon, Phi Beta, Delta, Beta Theta Pi,
ary chairman. Alpha Kappa Lambda, Theta Delta
At the meeting today election of a Chi, Sigma Jhi, Sigma Alpha Mu,
Student Senator to succeed Alfred Phi Kappa Tau, Delta Upsilon, Phi
Lovell, '38, as vice-president, will be Delta Theta, Delta Kappa Epsilon,
held, and reports will be given by the Kappa Delta Rho, Triangle, Sigma
housing, continuations, sex education Alpha Epsilon, Phi Kappa Psi, Sigma
and Negro education committees. Nu, Acacia, Theta Xi, Psi Upsilon,
The meeting today. is open to the Delta Tau Delta, Alpha Sigma Phi,
public and all students are invited to Lambda Chi Alpha, Sigma Phi Epri-
attend, Magdol said. The exact loca- ion, Theta Chi,, Alpha Tau Oencga,
tion of the meeting will be posted on Kappa Sigma, Phi Gamma Delta,
Caontinued on Page 5_ Sigma Chi and Hermitage
Chinese Masses Seen Winning
Grin Victor Over Jap Steel
Fuehrer Does Not Pledge
Definitely To Fight But
Crowd .Demands Action
Is Last Demand
BERLIN, Sept. 26.--(P)-Reichs-
fuehrer Adolf Hitler told the world
tonight that if Czechoslovakia does
not give Germany the territory he
has marked as Sudetenland by Oct.
1 he will act.
"The time has come to talk busi-
ness," he said, and "the Sudetenland
is the last territorial demand I have
to make in Europe, but it is a demand
from which I never will recede."
Yet there was nothing in the speech
-an address one hour and 13 min-
utes long broadcast by radio to an
anxious world which hung on every
word-to indicate definitely just
what the Fuehrer intended to do.
Hopes For Sudetens
Apparently he still hoped to get
the Sudetenland-defined in maps
which he attached to his "final"
memorandum-by negoiation and
He did not say outright that he
was going to war to get the Sudeten
areas -whichrCzechoslovakia al-
ready has agreed to cede him, though
she apparently disagrees with him
on the definition of the Sudetenland.
He did say, at well-spaced points
in the address:
"Mr. Benes (President Eduard
Benesof Czechoslovakia) must cede
this. region (the. Sudetenland) to us
by Oct. 1."
"We are determined, may Mr. Benes
"Regarding the Sudeten problem,
my patience is exhusted.".
Greeted With' 'er -
He proudly told, amid cheers of an
immediate audience of 25,000 In Ber-
lin's hugh Sportpalast, about Ger-
many's great military strength, her
mighty air force-in short, what a
great power Germany has become.
This all indicated, by inference,
Germany is going to fight.
But Hitler did not say so.
With every German ordered to
hear the Fuehrer by his own radio or
a public address system, Hitler be-
gan speaking at 8:21 p.m. (2:21 p.m.,
E.S.T.), a little more than three hours
after receiving Sir Horace Wilson,
personal representative of British
(C'Cntinued on Page 2)
To Meet Here
First Reunion To Be Held
In Graduate School
Approximately 1,100 medical alum-
ni will arrive in Ann Arbor this week
to take part in their first annual re-
union Thursday, Friday and Satur-
day in the Graduate School, Robert
O. Morgan, secretary of the Class Of-
ficers' Council announced yesterday.
The reunion will be in conjunction
with the 89th annual convocation and
opening exercises of the Medical
President Ruthven, Dean -Albert C.
Furstenberg of the Medical School,
and Dr. Peyton Rous of the Rocke-
feller Institute for Medical Research
will take part in the opening exercises
of the Medical School at 10 a.m. Sat-
urday, which will highlight the re-
A program of lectures, luncheons
and round table discussions has been
arranged by the committee consisting
of Dr. Walter G. Maddock, chairman,
Dean Furstenberg, Dr. Arthur C. Cur-
'tis and Dr. H. Marvin Pollard.
A banquet for the visiting alumni
will be held at 7 p.m., Thursday in the
Intramural Building. Dr. Frederick
G. Novy, dean-emeritus of the Medical
School and President Ruthven will
address the gathering and Dean Fur-
stenberg will act as toastmaster.
A medical party for the purpose of
"Aesculapian Buffoonery" will be held
at 9 p.m. Friday in the Washtenaw
Country Club at which all alumni and
their wives will attend.
Visiting alumni will top their ac-
WASHINGTON, Sept. 26 - (A') -,
Great Britain, France and little
Czechoslovakia hailed with enthusi-
asm and gratitude tonight a dramatic
appeal from President Roosevelt for
the preservation of peace.
But from Berlin, there came no
immediate reply save Chancellor Hit-
ler's declaration to the German na-
tion that unless the Czechs complied
with his demand for the Sudeten area,
Geirmany .would seize that territory.
At home, applause greeted the
President's carefully-phrased appeal.
Comment by the members of Con-
gress who are in Washington was uni-
formly laudatory. Many noted with
approval that Mr. Roosevelt's mes-
sage took an attitude of absolute
Informed persons said the Adminis-
tration had been watching for the
psychological moment to make the
appeal. The time was adjudged to
have arrived with the early hours of
today. Correspondents were aroused
from sleep and summoned to the
State Department. At three a. m. the
statement was handed.
Addressed To Hitler
It was addressed to Hitler and to
President Benes of Czechoslovakia.
Later the plea for peace was sent
also to Poland and to Hungary.
In his appeal, Mr. Roosevelt said
hostilities would result in "unspeak-
abe horror," would take the lives of
millions of men, women and children,
and shatter the social and economic
structure of every nation involved.
"The United States has no political'
entanglements," he said. "It is caught
in no mesh of hatred. Elements of all
Europe ,have formed its civilization.
"The supreme desire of the Ameri-
can people is to live in peace. But in
the event of a general war they face
the fact that no nation ran escape
some measure of the consequences of
such a world catastrophe."
He reminded Hitler and Benes that
theier nations were signatories to the
Kellogg-Briand Treaty and that
means were at hand for conciliating
their differences. No problem was so
difficult, he added, that it could not
be "justly solved by the resort to
reason rather than by the resort to
force." Throughout the crisis, the
President continued, both he and the
American people had "earnestly"
hoped that the controversy would
yield to negotiations.
"So long as these negotiations con-
tinue," said the Chief Executive, "so
long will there remain the hope that
reason and the spirit of equity may
prevail and that the world may there-
by escape the madness of a new resort
"On behalf of the 130 millions of
people in the United States of Ameri-
ca and for the sake of humanity
(Continued on Page 2)
Country Faces -
Rals' Tle - Up
Over Wage Cut
Roosevelt May Avert Strike
By Summoning Arbitrary
CHICAGO, Sept. 26.-(/P)--A na-t
tion wide railroad strike was voted to-
day by organized workers-but timely
intervention by President Roosevelt
was expected to avert a walkout af-
fecting approximately 950,00 en-
All 19 Brotherhoods reported thei,
members had voted overwhelmingly
in favor of a strike. ~
Chiefs of 18 xrotherhoods grouped
in the Railway Labor Executives' As-
sociation and having a membership o'f
some 790,00 were authorized to call a
strike at 6 p.m. on Sept. 30.
The Independent Brotherhood of
Railroad Brotherhood of Railroad;
Trainmen ordered its members to quit
their jobs at 12:01 a.m. on Oct. 1.
Gporge M. Harrison, chairman of'
the association, announced the em-
ployes would walk out at the time
fixed unless, in the meantime, the
carriers withdraw their notice of a.
15 per cent wage cut. i
The railroads have notified the
workers that the pay reduction, cal-
culated to total $250,000,000 a year,
would go into effect at 12:01 a.m.
Oct. 1-next Saturday. The strike
was called in protest.
However, President Roosevelt, con-
cerned by prospects of a rail tieup in
the United States while European na-
.tions were engaged in warlike ma-
neuvers, has already made known that
he would delay a paralyzing walkout.
He told reporters last Tuesday he
would appoint a commission to study
the rail pay controversy. He is au-
thorized to take such action whenever
Interstate Commerce is imperilled.
Europe's Democracies Acclaim
Roosevelt's World Peace Plea
Chamberlain Reverses His
Erstwhile Policy For
'Dealing With Dictators'
To Be Continued
THE EUROPEAN SITUATION
As Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler
proclaimed to the world that Ger-
many was prepared to act to take
what, territories were "rightfully"
iefrs in Czechoslovakia, Britain,
France and Soviet Russia stood
definitely committed today to
fight for the preservation of the
Europe's democracies mean-
while greeted with widespread
enthusiasm President Roosevelt's
eleventh hour plea for European
pease. At home, Congressional
leaders unanimously approved the
carefully-worded statement for
its attitude of complete neutral-
LONDON, Sept. 26-(A')-In a com-
plete reversal of his erstwhile policy
of "dealing with dictators," Prime
Minister Neville Chamberlain tonight
hrew the might of LGreat Britain-and
consequently France and Soviet Rus-
sia, between Czechoslovakia and the
armed forces of'Reichsfeuhrer Hitler
An authoritative announcement de-
clared that if Germany attacked
Czechoslovakia, France would be
bound to aid the republic "and Great
Britain and Russia will stand by
It remained to be determined whe- -
ther France would consider a German
march into Sudetenland alone cause
for aid to Czechoslovakia or whether
an attack on Czechoslovakia areas
proper would be the only signal.
Neither Hitler's impassioned speech
nor the tri-power stand slammed the
door on negotiations on the German-
Czechoslovak issue and - trembling
Europe still had some hope for peace,
When Hitler mounted the rostrum
in Berlin to the cheers of his follow-
ers, he knew Britain had decided for
the first time to show an iron hand
to the welder of greater Germany.
Sir Horace 'Wilson of the Foreign
office rushed to Berlin by airplane in
the afternoon to tell Hitler of 'the
decision of the western democracies
and Soviet Russia to march if tpe
Nazi war machine rolled eastward.
None here could say if it resulted
in any eleventh-hour change in Hit-
But Europe found hope in the fact
that he did not make the announce-
ment many feared was coming-that
Nazi troops were marching into
Czechoslovakia even as he'spoke,
Tonight for the first time Britain,
(Continued on Page 5)
Air Crash K ill
Four; Two Hurt
Marines' Plane Cracks Up
QUANTICO, Va., Sept. 26.-(IP)--
Four marines were killed and two
others injured tonight when their
Lockheed plane crashed into shallow
water of the -Potomac River immedi-
ately after the takeoff from the Ma-
rine Base here.
Capt. John Wehle, of West Point,
N.Y., a son-in-law of Gen. Smedley
Butler, was at the controls of the
machine which suddenly dropped -
from tree top-height after leaving
the field 'here. He was thrown clear
of the crash, together with Corp.
Robert L. Jonasson, of Astoria. N.Y.
The operations office at the field said
both escaped without serious injury.
The four killed were Master Serg.
Benjamin F. Belcher, of Quantico,
co-pilot; Staff Serg. Laurence Gran-
ville of Biggs, Calif.; Corp. Raymond
Kennedy of Manassas, Ga., and Priv.
Frederick M. Hudson, Jr., of Drexel
K iwanis Convention
To Be Held Oet. 10
T 1 'C} an t0 Arntitar ~ e~f~
BOSTON, Sept. 26 - P(') - The
Works Progress Administration today
pledged its finances unlimitedly to a
hurricane-torn New England that al-
most hourly added to its list of 472
While Harry L. Hopkins, WPA ad-
ministrator, worked out a rehabilita-
tion plan with New England officials
at Boston, workers pulled additional
dead from the masses of kindling
that had been homes in seacoast towns
to the south.
"Any funds I have to administer
are yours," Hopkins said to the devas-
Storm projects would be put on an
emergency basis, he said, with regula-
tions waived and hours of labor un-
About $200,000,000 was the esti-
mate of damage in Rhode Island,
Massachusetts, Connecticut, Vermont
and New Hampshire.
Drawing a picture of China too
massive and too great ever to be de-
stroyed and determined to fight to
the very end with flesh and blood
against gunpowder and steel, Lo-
Shan Peng and Miss Hui-Min Yang,
two members of the Chinese delega-
tion to the World Youth Congress,
last night pleaded for the support
of the youth of the world and the
people of the United States not
against Japan or the Japanese
people but against war and militar-
ism. They spoke before a meeting of
more.than 200 townspeople and stu-
dents at the Congregational Church.
"China is not interested in right or
left but is martialing its forces to
deal with this life or death situa-
tion," Mr. Peng said in explaining
that China today, under the leader-
ship of Generalissimo and Madame
Chiang Kai-Shek is a new united en-
tity, and one that is prepared for a
The Chinese delegates have been
tquring the country under the aus-
pices of the American Youth Con-
gress in cooperation with the Y.M.C.A.
the Y.W.C.A., the American Student'
Union and the American Association
of University Women.
While speaking of the horrors and
outrages that are happening in China
today Miss Yang burst into tears.
"The Chinese nation can never be
conquered and can never be enslaved,"
she said. But despite the ferocity of
the fighting both Mr. Peng, who sup-
ervised six refugee camps in Hangkow,
and Miss Yang said they held no
hard feelings for the Japanese people.
The Japanese soldiers were forced to
march and to kill at the point of
guns, Miss Yang explained. Japanese
fliers are tied to their planes so that
they would not jump in parachutes
to avoid their missions of horror. It
is only the superior equipment of the
Japanese that enables them to be
victorious at all, but in hand to hand
warfare they give way before the im-
passioned fighting of the Chinese, she
Women take a very important part
in the fighting, the young girl scout
explained. She cited the case of a 60
year old woman who was instrumen-
tal in organizing one of the first
Thanking the Americal people for
their support and sympatihy, Mr. Peng
said that the Chinese people are be-
wildered and confused because this
contry has contradicted itself by
War Victims Find No Peace;
Futures Have Gone With Homes
By STANLEY M. SWINTON
Driven by haunger and terrible fear
of sudden death from the sky, they
abandoned their bomb-shattered
Spanish homes for safety in foreign
lands-in France, Britain, Belgium,
Denmark. And, while newspapers
carried pitfiul pictures of sobbing
mothers and printed stories of shell-
shocked children, the world followed
their tribulations with avid eyes.
But soon the press lost interest
and Bilbao, Guernica, Santander and
Gijon became, once again, impersonal
words which did not hint of tragedy.
The refugees, safe in hastily prepared
camps, were forgotten.
But what happened to them after
that What were their lives like in
children built, lighting installed.
Cots, complete with lumpy straw mat-
resses and woolen, army blankets,
were installed. Over each bed a box.
covered with chicken wire was pro-
vieded for "valuables."
Warned by French authorities (in
this case the Prefect of Loir and Cer)
that "all refugees who do not con-
form with.. . orders or conduct them-
selves undesirably will be immediate-
ly conducted to the Spanish frontier,"
the refugees settled down to a dull,
Their mimeographed daily pro-
gram, headed by a note declaring:
"So that there shall be good order,
and in the interests of all, the fol-
lowing rules must be observed," ran: