against Germany, Italy and Japan; and, more
important than this, an embargo can be placed
by the government on shipment of war materials
to these nations. This embargo should include
steel, minerals and oil, without which, it is safe
to say, fascism cannot continue. The embargo
against Republican Spain can be lifted and mor-
al encouragement given that nation in its
An important factor to consider is that by the
example of these measures and by diplomatic
representation, the immense pressure of Ameri-
can prestige and sentiment can be brought to
bear on events in those nations, particularly
France and Great Britain, whose governments
have become abettors of fascism, and whose
people are themselves in danger of being over-
whelmed by it. Fascism will not be more easily
checked when ithas spread over China and
Spain, nor yet when it has engulfed Britain
and France. It would have been better, of
course, if resistance to it had been begun earlier;
that fact does not alter the necessity of resist-
ance now, nor reduce its importance.
I, -- 4 i
WIM 7RI I N~''Iwa OV511D #IW ~t~/LfwAIHta ,
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Board of Editors
Sports Editor .
Robert D. Mitchell.
Albert P. May10
Horace W. Gilmore
Robert I. Fitzhenry
t . S. R. Kleiman
. . . Earl Gilman
. . William Elvin
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* . Joseph Gies
Advertising Manager. .
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Women's Service Manager
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NIGHT EDITOR: JUNE HARRIS
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
The Pogrom: An
Integral Part Of Fascism...
ON CONSIDERING the recent shock-
ing decrees of the Hitler govern-
ment against Jews, the important thing to bear
in mind is that the pogrom is not an isolated
incident; it is vitally connected with the entire
structure, form, nature and policy of the Hitler
government and with all the various manifesta-
tions of that policy during the past five years.
The institution of the pogrom is not a sudden
inescapable regression of civilization to medie-
val times; nor is fascism a mere passing whim
upon which the German people happen to have
seized. Fascism has made its appearance, ac-
companied everywhere by the same general symp-
toms, in country after country throughout the
world in the past 20 years. It is neither a mere
ideological concept, nor a national neurosis, al-
though both mass philosophy and mass psy-
chology must be considered in examining it.
From the evidence available, fascism appears
to be primarily an economic phenomenon. Some
of the countries which have fallen victim to it
were on the defeated side in the World War;
some were among the victors. Some of them
belong to one ethnic or cultural classification,
some to another, some to several. Some of them
had a tradition of absolutist government, others
a growing tradition of democratic government.
All, however, have been alike in one respect; all
have found themselves in critical economic dif-
ficulties, marked by mass suffering and unrest.
Anti-semitism first appeared in the fascist
movement in Germany; it is only of compatra-
tively recent and mild development in Italy.
One brief wave of it occurred -in Japan but was
terminated by the discovery that there are no
Jews in that country. It has also made its appear-
ance in various other countries which have
turned fascist, or are in the process of doing
so, and in the incipient fascist movements in all
other countries. Unquestionably, anti-semitism
is, or has become, an integral part of fascism.
The connection between the economic nature
of fascism and its anti-semitic facet is easy to
establish. Fascism has not succeeded in finding
a solution to the problem of a dislocated nation-
al economy, and in order to prevent the people
from learning this fact, various ruses have been
devised: one of these consists of making the Jews
a scapegoat and diverting popular feeling, sup-
pressed in other directions, into the channel
of race hatred. The Jews are a racial minority
present in all European countries, and therefore
-serve the purpose peculiarly well.
Of course Jewish persecution is only one of
many means employed by fascism to blind the
people to their economic plight. There are a
number of others, all well-known, ranging from
foreign war to attacks on the church. The press
and radio censorships, the annihilation of poli-
tical opposition, the dissolution of trade unions,
the concentration camps and the close surveil-
lance of the populace by secret police all aid in
insulating the people against knowledge and
For this reason it is evident that opposition
to the pogroms, like opposition to bombings of
women and children, cannot be limited to the
mere acts themselves, but must be, in effect,
opposition to the entire principle of fascism,'
whether it manifest itself in Germany and
By K. CONRAD AUGUST
There was a charming lady obligingly answer-
ing questions about the water colors hung in
Alumni Memorial Hall. The lady was no longer
young, but her enthusiasm and spirit seemed
without bound. The lady was Jane Stanley. She
spoke of the settings of her various paintings, of
their interesting historical background, and the
circumstances under which they were painted.
Each picture held a story of its own for her, and
Her subjects are market places overshadowed
by towering ruins, impressive churches, build-
ings, and gaily clad Guatemalans. Her love for
trees is reflected in the compositions which are
dependent upon the twistings of-a gnarled trunk,
or the dense patterns of leaves. Her interpreta-
tion of crowds has a charming quality; they are
not of the type that shout lustily at the tops of
their voices, but rather the kind that just drone
in ithe sunshine of a lazy afternoon.
The majority of the"painting- appear more or
less architectural. Buildings, masses of mason-
ry, and ruins certainly play an important part
in her hangings. At first glance these appear to
have rather a tight and finished handling. Closer
study, however, reveals a very interesting tech-
nique of freedom in underpainting that is then
followed= by careful overwashes and grey color
which has been allowed to stand. Without ques
tion she understands her medium and has
mastered her method well. Certainly there is
nothing hesitant about the way she applies her
Unfortunately, it is probably the neutralizing
of color that fails to give the impact of "an ef-
fective first impression. She leaves very few
sparkling white spaces, and is greatly restrained
in her use of pure color.
It is interesting to note that in some of her
smaller paintings she does an entire about face.
Here she uses both vibrating whites and brilliant
color to great advantage. For instance, her very
small paintings of the Church at Vera Cruz is
is done in bits of bright color interestingly woven
together to form a sparkling effect. The treat-
ment of tile in the kitchen of the secret convent
shows the same treatment. Here pure blues and
whites are employed to make up one of the most
striking and most lovable things in the show.-
A word may be said of her Seascape at Monhe-
gan. Here she has something different than most
of the other work in that she uses large areas
with power and freedom. It hardly seems that
the same person was responsible for the aban-
don of the roaring sea that patiently worked
out the intricate structures of some of the archi-
In conjunction with her show of water colors,
Jane Stanley has brought with her a beautiful
collection of Guatemalan textiles. Here is almost
unheard of skill in thef art of weaving. Work
that looks like needlework on ,finishedcloth is-
actually executed on theFloom. The colors are of
great variety, yet so closely matched in barsor
pattern as to produce refreshing harmony. Her
only regret is that the Guatemalans of the
present day are becoming more and more con-
tent with inferior machine-made articles, and
as a consequence neglect the ancient art for
which their country is justly famous.
-by David Lawrence-
WASHINGTON, Nov 16-Nazi Germany may
not understand the first announcement at the
press conference of President Roosevelt-his
denunciation of the barbaric attacks on helpless
minorities in Germany-but there need be little
doubt that the second announcement to the
press, a few minutes later, about America's plan
to build armaments big enough to protect the
western hemisphere will make a real impression
It is most unfortunate that only the language
of force makes itself comprehensible to the Nazi
Imind, but the language of bigger and better air-
craft, bigger and better naval warships and big-
ger and better army reserve units is being spoken
here with a unanimity on the part of American
public opinion that has scarcely been equalled
since the last episode in German stupidity in
1917, when merciless attacks without warning on
merchant ships bearing innocent men, women
and children shackea the whole world and led
to American participation in the European con-
The military and naval minds in Berlin at
.that time ridiculed the idea of an American
army transportfed overseas, but nevertheless
2,000,000 men went across in less than two
America Seen Pacifistic
Today, Germany doubtless is resting on the il-
lusory premise that America is a pacifist country
and will never go to war. But any historian will
tell the rulers of the German people that war
did not come with the Lusitania disaster, when
more than 1;000 innocent persons were murdered
at sea, but later on, when, in the face of repeated
protests, the barbaric attacks on American citi-
At the moment, it is the desire of the Ameri-
can people to avoid etanglement in any war,
but it is apparent also that the surest way to stay
out of war is to show the Nazi government
America is prepared for any eventuality.
The American policy just announced by Presi-
dent Roosevelt is of transcendent significance.
because it means the welding together of the
21 republics as well as Canada in a unit of
strength which never has been created before n
world history. A united front against any mili-
tary or naval or aerial attack from Nazi Ger-'
many, Fascist Italy and their ally, Japan, will not
stop with mere preparation for war. It will in-
tensify world opinion against the three outlaw
nations-Germany, Japan. and Italy-and make
known to the peoples thereof that their present
rulers are merely doing to them what the tyrants
of the past have done-wilful exploitation.
The present rulers of Nazi Germany have be-
gun to loot the minority population in order to
get funds to maintain the armaments. The so-
called anti-Semitic outbreaks are merely an ex-
cuse and camouflage for the underlying desire
of the Nazis to confiscate- the property of the
Jews, who, it is estimated, have about $2,000,-
000,000 in property wealth, which is a sizeable
amount for the Nazis to pillage.
Is Persecution Necessary? .
Since the Nazis real& mean to confiscate this
property, it is surprising that they feel it neces-
sary to add physical tortures to those whom
they have plainly intended to rob. The pretexts
for confiscation evidently have not been as con-.
venient as those now used. Even in Italy there is
reason to believe that the anti-Jewish decrees
have their origin in the plot of Fascist leadersto
get their hands on key businesses and industries
in which Jews- have invested their savings of
centuries. Evidently the economic pressure from
within is so strong that the Jews are merely the
scapegoats for an internal unrest which is signi-
ficantly pressing the fascist governments from
How long can Germany, Italy and Japan face
the hostility of the whole world? How long will
they be able to trade with the other peoples
and how long will they suffer the privations of
lack of gold with which to buy necessary raw
materials? And how long will the neighboring
smaller countries acquiesce in trade strangulation
if the whole world finally tuins against the three
militaristic countries? So far as America-both
the government and the people-is concerned,
there is profound disappointment over the events
which have followed the Munich Peace.
By Sec Terry
Fat men are usually garrulous
and sometimes hollow, but the gent
who picked me up on the Plymouth
Road the other evening advanced an
argument which I think you'll agree
has more than passing merit. Hitch-
hikers °aren't always so fortunate as
to hook a willing conversationalist.
I should tell you now that his clothes
were strikingly exact and his manner
suggested prosperity. At any rate, we
got around to the general topic of
college, and he seemed overly anxious
to admit he had never had the pleas-
ure, "although," he readily confided,
"curiosity once drove me to look into
"Yes," he added, "I was sched-
uled a few years ago to go on a.
speaking tour of my firm's branch
offices, so I thought to brush up a
bit on my English. I had a few
months time before leaving, and
together with our Detroit sales
manager, whom I persuaded to
attend with me, I enrolled in an
extension course of the University
"Wel, our first night there,
the professor was fifteen minutes
late. To salesmen, who often had
to be at a buyer's door hours beL
fore that worthy showed up, that
proved distasteful. But the worse
was yet to follow. When he did
finally arrive, he was wearing an
old suit of clothes which I'd
swear hadn't been pressed in
weeks. His shoes had the appear-
ance of never having been shined.
And I've seen vagrants wearing
cleaner shirts than his. We were
unimpressed plenty, and when he
rose to remark about what an
invaluable asset correct English
is to a salesman, I feltlike rising
and asking how the hell he could
pssibly know what was good for
"Since then, I've seen other of
your University teachers, and I
can't understand how in sam hill
they let 'em dress like that. It's
beyond me. No wonder students
come out with inferiority com-
plexes and defeatist attitudes
And that, Mr. Terry, was that!
That, Mr. Kringel, seemed enougl!
Maybe a tacit boycott of Sam, the
Old clothes man, is afoot. We're of
the opinion that a professor or in-
structor need not be a debonair boule-
vardier, but we concur in the opinion
that he ought to press his trousers
once in a while. Perhaps your letter
will elicit opinions, in assent or dis-
sent, from our readers. Maybe they
can answer your anonymous friend.
WHEN the meeting at Hill Audi-
torium Tuesday night broke up,
several of the lads felt that Dr. Paul
Van Zeeland had contributed little
more than a rhetorical poser in his
lecture, "Proposed Roads to Recov-
ery." They neglected to consider that
Dr. Van Zeeland was only the former
Prime Minister of Belgium, not a
magician. If he paddled a bit aim-
lessly about in a lagoon of non-com-
mitments and generalities, it was be-
cause the beacon ashore is obscured.
Dr. Van Zeeland professed to be an
optimist, and then defined one. If you
filled a jar half full of wine and
showed it to an optimist and a pessi-
mist, the optimist would say it was
half full, while the pessimist would
call it half empty. The lecturer is not
uch an optimist, however, that he
as confidence war is avoidable.
"Sooner or later, and probably rela-
tively soon, war will come," he says.
Some degree of organization only can
avert it. And that organization cannot
be obtained through the political ap-
proach; only the economic approach
remains, and although it is improb-
able, Dr. Van Zeeland feels that it,
is enough that it is possible. The rea-
soning escapes us..
He asserted that Munich was not
the beginning of an era, but the end-
ing of the Versailles order, which is
broken down forever. He pointed out
that force, upon which the totalitar-
ian state is built, is not an element
of organization. From this generaliza-
tion, we gathered that force will have
to be eliminated or minimized before
the desired order can be attained.
He struck the propaganda chord atI
the conclusion of his speech by re-
lating how, among the statesmen of
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
University. Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President
until 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.
(Continued from Page 2)
nary circumstances. No course is
considered officially dropped unless
it has been reported in the office of
the Registrar. Room 4, University
Bacteriology 111A (Laboratory]
Course) will meet Monday, Nov. 21
at 1 p.m. in Room 2552, East Medical
Each student should come provid-I
ed with a $5 Hygienic Laboratory1
Coupon procurable at the Treasurer'sI
Graduate Students: Diploma ap-
plications are due not later than Nov.
8. Any graduate student who is
reasonably certain of completing de-
ree requirements by the end of the
irst semester, should file applica-
ion for the degree in the office of
he Graduate School.
C. S. Yoakum.
Graduate Students. The general
examination given this fall will be
repeated on Saturday afternoon at
1 o'clock, Nov. 19, ground floor, Rack-
ham Building, for those students reg-
istering in the Graduate School for
the first time this fall. This second
date is to enable those students ex-
cused or unable to come previously to
make up the examination. Other stu-
dents .in the Graduate School who
would like to take the examination
are invited to do so at this time.
, C. S. Yoakum.
Candidates for the Master's Degree
in History: Please bring your own, dic-
tionaries to the language examina-
tion, which will be held Friday, Nov.
18, at 4 p.m., in Room B, Haven.
Senior Honors. Will all members,
of the class in Senior -Honors, whose
names appear in the alphabet be-,
tween A and M inclusively, meet with
Mr. Weaver at 4 o'clock on Wednes-
day, at 2218 A.H. Will all others
meet on Friday at the same hour
and place. Any one finding the Wed-
nesday hour impossible may come
on Friday; any one finding the Friday
hour impossible may come on Wed-3
nesday. Bennett Weaver.
Ann Arbor Camera Club presents
its Second Annual Salon of Photog-
raphy, Room 3541, Rackham Build-
ing. Open evenings 7:30-10 p.m.
through Nov. 19. The public is in-
Thursda-, Nov. 17. in Room 302
Michigan Union at 4:_10 p.m. Profes-
sor Fred B. Wahr will give a review,
University Girls' Glee Club: Regular
rehearsal tonight at 7:15~ in the
Bell Tower. Attendance is compul-
sory and members are asked to be
Men's Physical Education Club will
meet tonight at 9 p.m. in Room 319
of the Michigan Union. Business will
be transacted and an informal pro-
gram will conclude the meeting.
Kappa Phi. Regular meeting at
Stalker Hall at 5:15 p.m. All members
please be present.
Avukah meeting tonight at 7:30
Omega Upsilon. There will be a very
important meeting at 7:15 p.m., at
Morris Hall, all actives and new mem-
bers must attend.
Sigma Alpha Iota will. have a short
business meeting followed by a chor-
al rehearsal on Thursday, Nov. 17, at
7:15 p.m. at the League. Members
please be prompt.
The Decorations Committee of the
Christmas Come Across will meet to-
day at 4 p.m. at the League. Please
bring identification cards unless they
have already been checked for this
Ann Arbor Independent Women, the
inn Arbor Group of Assembly, will
old its regular meeting in the Kala-
mazoo Room of the Michigan League,
this afternoon at- 4:30 p.m. Plans fir
the Friendship Dinner, the Dorm
Dance, and future meetings will be
decided upon. All those who care to
participate in any of the group's
activities are especially urged to at-
tend this meeting.
Women Interested in Speech Work:
Zeta Phi Eta, National Professional
Speech Arts Fraternity for Women,
will hold try-outs tonight in the Por-
tia Room on the fourth floor of An-
gell Hall, from7:15 to 9:00. All girls
interested in any phase of speech
work are invited to try out. A short
speech or an interpretive reading se-
lection will be acceptable to the
Tryouts for the one-act play, "Sec-
ond Overture" by Maxwell Ander-
son today from 2-5 p.m. at the Hillel
vited.iFoundation. This\ play will be pre-
sented at the next open Hillel'Play-
Exhibition, College of Architecture: ers' meeting. All are eligible to pare-
An exhibition of hand:-made Christ- ticipate except first-semester fresh-
mas cards from the collections of men. Due to the abundance of male
Professors J. P. Slusser and M. B. roles, all interested men are urged
Chapin is now being shown in the 1to attend.
corridor cases, ground floor, Archi- Musicale-Tea at 4 p.m. at thHillel
tecture Building. Open daily, 9 to 5, Fusionetoa 4.m. at'h "Hille
except Sunday, through Nov. 26. The Foundation today. Schubert's "Un-
public is invited. finished Symphony No. 8 in B Minor"
will be played and a commentary on
The Ann Arbor Art Association pre- 1it made by a student.
sents two exhibitions, water colors by I
Jane Stanley, and Guatemalan tex-. Soph Cabaret. There will be a meet-
tiles, in the galleries of Alumni Mem- ing of the finance committee of Soph
C bla~a f nf-r : +AL.
orial Hall. Nov. 9 through 23, daily,'
Exhibition, College of Architecture:
Drawings made by groups of students
in Architecture and LandscapeDesign
at the University of Illinois, Ohio
State, Cincinnati, Michigan, Armour
Institute, Iowa State College, ift com-
petition for the Ryerson Scholarship
which is offered annually for travel
abroad by the Lake Forest Founda-
tion for Architecture and Landscape
Architecture. Open daily except Sun-'
day, 9 to 5, through Nov. 14; third
floor exhibition room, Architectural
Building. The public is invited.
University Lecture: Thomas Doe-
sing, Director of the Public Library
Administration of Denmark, will give
a lecture on "Folk High Schools in
Denmark" on Thursday, Nov. 17, at
4:15 p.m. in the Natural Science Audi-
torium under the auspices of the
General Library and the Department'
of Library Sciences. The public ii
University Lecture: Henri Seyrig,
Director of the Department of An-
tiquities in Syria, will give an il-
lustrated lecture on "The Meeting of.
Greek and Iranian in the Civilization
of ,Palmyra" at 4:15 p.m. on Wednes-
Ja areu a 6P.M. touay at the League.
The Child Study Group of the
Michigan Dames will have their in-
itial meeting of the year tonight
at 8 1o'clock in the home of Mrs. V.
E. Leichty, 528 Elm St. The discus-
sion will center about the program
for the pre-school child as outlined
in the Parents' Magazine.
The Interior Decoration Group .of
the Faculty Women's Club will meet
at 3 o'clock todayat the WashtenAw
Gas Company, 211 E. Huron Street.
Ruth Bush, cookery expert will give a
lecture demonstration regarding the
making of "Holiday Garnishments
Ticket Committee meeting for the
Inter-Dorm dance today at 5 p.m.
in the League. The room will be post-
ed on the bulletin board.
The First Meeting of the elementary
Readers Seek To Continue China Aid
Resolution Urges Jap Boycott
To the Editor:
We, an assembled mee ng of 150 citizens of
Ann Arbor, urge that the United States continue
and increase its support--in the form of funds,
surplus food and medical supplies-to the
Chinese victims of undeclared war.
We, an assembled meeting of 150 Ann Arbor
citizens, pray that the United States government-
will take effective steps at once to stop the sup-
ply of both primary and secondary war mater-
ials and financial support to the Japanese war
(The above resolutions were adopted at a
meeting of AnnArbor residents-both towns-
people and members of the faculty of the Uni-
versity of Michigan-held in the Congregational
Church in Ann Arbor, Nov. 8th, 1938).
(The meeting was sponsored by the American
League for Peace and Democracy, Ann Arbor
branch, of which the local officers are as fol-
lows: Prof. Leroy Waterman, chairman; Prof.
John Shepard, vice-chairman; William Rohn,?
membership secretary; Lucille Poor, recording
secretary, and Bert Doolittle, treasurer.)
ously, and realize that a clever reporter should
not be hampered by the necessity of sticking to
facts. After all no one knows more about what
lies behind mere words than an experienced
journalist. Why should one of this distinguished
profession be forced to report what a speaker
actually said when he knows very well what the
speaker meant to say? LET'S HAVE THE REAL
MEANINGS. TO HELL WITH WORD FOR
For instance take the Anti-War Committee's
Armistice Day Rally. One of the speakers, Dr.
Poole, spoke in a way that made many believe
him to be opposed to collective security and
concerted action by world democracies against
Fascist aggression. As a matter of fact, the good
doctor did get rather mixed up and actually say
that he considered these formulas mere varia-
tions of the old power politics theory of pre-war
Europe. I was very pleased tQ see that the Daily's
account of the talk rectified this obvious mistake.
Quite rightly the doctor was quoted as being
heartily in favor of united democratic front. This
considerate modification of his ideas will not
only save the speaker much unwarranted cen-
sure, but will prevent the less mature minds on
Europe, the burning appendage to day, Nov. 30, in the Rackham Amphi-;
every problem is "What will the theatre under the auspices of the Mu-
United States do?" They tell Ameri- seum of Classical Archaeology. The
can youth that it is easy to view im- public is cordially invited.
perfections from afar, that Continen-
tal difficulties do not affect us. But Events Today
it is the American youth who will The Observatory Journal Club wil
have to answer the question that dis-
turbs the inner councils of Mars. And meet at 4:15 p.m. Thursday after-
who will deny us a bit of rehearsal noon, Nov. 17, in the Observatory lec-
before our turn to recite. ture room. Dr. H. R. Crane of the.
Physics Department will speak on
class in Modern Hebrew will meet
today at 4:15 p.m. at the Hillel Foun-
dation. All are welcome to enroll.
The advanced section will organize
tomorrow at 3:30 p.m.
Junior Mathematics Club will meet
on Friday at 4:15 p.m. in 3201 An-
gell Hall. Mr. J. S. Dusenberry will
speak on "A Bit of Pi." An informal
discussion and refreshments will
Algebra-Seminar will meet Friday
from 4-6 in 3010 Angell Hall. Dr.
Nesbitt will speak on "Representa-
tion of Algebras."
The Scandinavian Club will have a
social evening of folk dances with the
Danish group from Detroit, Friday
evening, 8 p.m., Lane Hall. All
Scandinavian members and those of
Scandinavian descent are invited.
To Be Held Here
Beginning today and continuing
through Friday and Saturday a Con-
ference on Ceramic Technology will
"Nuclear Transformations as a
Sourse of Stellar Energy." Tea will
be served at 4 p.m.
G-a stt C'n l "Ai rm ac ra
rauateounc:ii members are UniversityChir: A University
ited to attend an informal social Choir is being formed for those peo-
ur Thursday, Nov. 17 at 4:45 p.m. ple who wish to sing for their own
the West Conference Room of the pleasure the best of the old religious
ckham Building. A mimeographed h