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November 16, 1938 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1938-11-16

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Rising itemperature toda y;
tomorrow rain and warmer.




Pensions Plans Need
Sound Financing .
Threat To
An Independent Church






CIO Is Termed
Permanent As
Plan For Peace
Is Voted Down
'Congress Of Industrial
Organization' Selected
As New Group Name
Delegates Debate
Over Constitution
PITTSBURGH, Nov. 15-(PA)-The
CIO set itself up tonight as a per-
manent Congress of Industrial Or-
ganizations after answering President
Roosevelt's plea for labor peace with
the declaration that it would abcept
"no compromise" with the AFL in
negotiations regarding industrial un-
ionism. ,
Delegates to the Union's first con-
vention adopted two articles of a pro-
posed constitution. The first gave the
organization its new name and the
second set forth the objects of the
Action on the remaining articles
was halted abruptly 45 minutes be-
fore scheduled adjournment, by re-
newal of debate on the second article.
Joseph Curran, head of the Na-
tional Maritime Union, and Harry
Bridges, CIO director on the West
Coast, said they believed the article
should be reconsidered after copies
of the constitution had been distribut-
ed to the 500 delegates. Their motion
was not acted upon but the meeting
was adjourned until tomorrow.
The proposed constitution, which
will be given first consideration to-
morrow, resembles in many respects
that of the AFL-but gives the cen-
tral organization more power in some
respects and more dues per member.
A per capita tax assessment of five
cents a month on the membership
of national and international union
was proposed, compared with the
present two cents per member assess-
ment of similar units of the AFL,
which includes a special assessment
of one cent.
Members of local industrial unions,
with charters resembling the "feder-
al" charters issued by the AFL, would
be taxed 50 cents a month, compared
with 35 cents by the Federation.
Danish Library
HeadT o Give

Dr. Van Zeeland Deplores'
Apathy In Peace Efforts
Former Premier Of Belgium Outlines The Essentials
For Comprehending International Problems
In Second Of Oratorical Lectures

Quits Cabinet Post


Denounced By Rooseve

War alone can be the outcome .of
present economic and political diffi-
culties, unless the nations of the
world make a sincere and determined
effort to re-establish some measure
of economic equilibrium, re-affirm
the dignity of international law and
adopt a mutual policy of disarma-
ment, Dr. Paul Van Zeeland, former
Prime Minister of Belgium, said here
yesterday in the second Oratorical
Series lecture.
Confronted by the fundamental
problems of social life, men today can
no longer afford to hesitate and vacil-
late, Dr. Van Zeeland said, but must
strike deeply into the nature of these
problems and help evolve a solution.
Proceeding on this basis, Dr. Van
Zeeland outlined a series of general
J-HOp Petitions
Will Be Taken'
All This Week
13 Positions To Be Filled
By General Elections;
Deadline Is Wednesday
Petitions for thee13 positions on
the J-Hop committee will be received
all this week at the Union student
offices and the League undrgraduate
offices, it was announced yesterday
by Fred Luebke, '39E, president of
the Men's Council. This call for ap-
plications was issued insaccordance
with the newly-revised student gov-
ernment system..
This junior class dance committee,
to be constituted by means of a gen-
eral class election, will be composed
as follows: three men and two wom-
en from the literary college, three
from the engineering college and one
each from the architecture, music,
nursing, education and the combined
pharmacy and forestry schools.
Petitions of literary students should
contain signatures of 35 literary
juniors (male or female), those of
engineers should include signatures
of 25 engineering juniors, and those
of candidates in the five other schools
should include 20 signatures of jun-
iors in their respective schools. Each
junior may endorse one prospective
candidate in his schools Luebke ex-
plained. Petitions containing a vio-
lation of this ruling will be disquali-
Applcations should be accompanied
(Continued on Page 2)
Rabbi Relates
Nazi Atrocities
Goldberg Holds No Hope
For Jews In Germany
Liquidation or evacuation are the
only possible solutions to the Ger-
man-Jewish problem, according to"
Rabbi Joshua L. Goldberg, from As-
toria, Long Island, who spoke at 4
p.m. yesterday at the Hillel Founda-
tion. Dr. Goldberg, who is vice-
president of the Reform Rabbi As-
sociation, spoke from first hand in-
formation, having recently returned
from a five month's trip through
Central Europe.
He emphasized the utter hopeless-
ness of the future of the Jew in Ger-
many, pointing out that a definite
system is being employed to break
the morale of the Jewish community.

considerations which he deemed es-
sential to an understanding of the
present specific aspects of the inter-
national problem. Most important of
these considerations, in Dr. Van Zee-
land's opinion, is the search on the
part of modern men to find a true
point of equilibrium between auth-
ority and liberty Other important
considerations are the relationships
between the individual and the group,
the distinctions which must be made
between permanent principles and
applications adapted to structural
From these general considerations
Dr. Van Zeeland advanced to a de-
tailed study of the immediate aspects
of the international scene, nominat-
ing for the most important of these
very definite risks of approaching
war. The nature of the present crisis
is at the same time political, econ-
omic and social, and the three levels
should not be confused. Dr. Van Zee-
land stressed that politics and econ-
omics are not identical, but added
that one cannot provoke any change
either for good or for evil in one of
these spheres, without leading to re-
actions to the other. The cause of
war in the world today is not all
primarily economic; however, the in-
surance against the risks of war can
be found in definite economic solu-
tions that have been prepared and
offered to the statesmen of nearly
all the major nations, Dr Van Zee-
land said, indicating that the solu-
tion of the problem is now the respon-
sibility of politicians.
The former Belgian Prime Minister
(Continued on Page 8)
Social Security
Topic Of Talky
By Prof. Haber
Economics Head Stresses
The Firm Establishment
Of SecurityLegislation
Since the passage of the Social
Security Act,its basic principles have
become so firmly established in Amer-
ican public opinion that controversy
has been primarily concerned withs
methods of financing, not with the
philosophy }underlying the act, Prof.
William Haber of the economics de-
partment stated yesterday at a meet-1
ing of the Social Service Seminar of
the Annl Arbor Council of Social
Objection has beenraised to the old
age insurance reserve on the grounds
that it has led to high taxes, Pro-
fessor Haber explained. If recoi-
mendatios of a pay-as-you-go basis
are adopted, he said, the result will
lead to a liberalizing of the act, en-
tailing increased expenditures rather
than any drastic reduction of taxes.
The Social Service Act is still in
its experimental stages, Professor Ha-
ber stated, and it is likely that the
next Congress will be concerned
with modifying the financing of the
old age insurance and simplifying the
administration of unemployment in-
(Continued on Page 8)
Foreign Trade In Autos
Seen To Be On Upgrade.
NEW YORK, Nov. 15--()-Pyke
Johnson, vice president of the Auto-;
mobile Manufacturers Association,
predicted today that, barring unfore-
seen developments abroad, the road
to foreim trade would be unobstruct-
ed for American motor car exporters
for at least two years.

Violence Angers


Lecture Here
Dr. Dossing Will Discuss
Relation Of High School
To A Library System
Dr. Thomas Marius Dossing, direc-,
tor of the Public Library Administra-
tion of Denmark, will discuss the work
of the Danish libraries in conjunction
with the folk high schools for adult
education in a University lectpre at
4:15 p.m. tomorrow in the Natural
Science Auditorium.
Dr. Dossing who has, according to
Dr. W. W. Bishop, director of the
General Library, done more toward
bringing about the close cooperation
between Danish libraries and high
schools than any other man, has been
engaged in library work since his un-
dergraduate days. He began his career
in the Royal Library at Copenhagen,
later becoming sub-librarian at the
State Library in Aarhus. He has been
in charge of the Public Library Ad-
ministration since 1912.
His lecture tour in the United
States is being made under the aus-
pices of the American-Scandinavian
Foundation, an organization dedicat-
ed to the furtherance of cultural re-
lationships bewteen the United States
and the Scandinavian countries. His
appearance here is being sponsored
by the General Library and the de-
partment of library science.
Dr. Dossing will give three addi-
tional lectures here for the Library
staff and library science students.
He will speak at 4 p.m. today and
Friday and at 10 a.m. Saturday in
Room 110 of the Library,
Ford's Aluminum
Bids Are Probed
NEW YORK, Nov. 15-(P)-Efforts
by Henry Ford to obtain important
holdings in the budding aluminum
industry nearly 20 years ago were
described today in the Government's
anti-trust suit against the Alumin-
un Company of America and 62 co-

Cummings Asks
To Quit Cabinet
Post In January
Attorney General Resumes
Law Practice; Successor
Has Not Been Named
WASHINGTON, Nov. 15 --Q)-
Homer S. Cummings, 69-year-old At-
torney General, will leave President
Roosevelt's Cabinet in January to
resume the private practice of law.
The President disclosed at his press
conference today that Cummings had
asked to be relieved and said the
resignation-which has not yet been
formally presented--would be effec-
tive early in the new year. The date
has not been determined.
At the same time, Mr. Roosevelt
said his 30-year-old son, James, had
resigned from the White House Secre-
tariat pending his complete recovery
from an operation he had last Sep-
tember. James, now recuperating on
a California ranch, is expected to re-
turn to his post in the spring.
The President said he had not con-
sidered, so-far, a tintment of a suc-
cessor to Cummiings. James' post
probably will not be filled during the
In announcing Cummings' inten-
tion to resign, the Chief Executive
took cognizance for the first time of
persistent reports of possible Cabinet
changes. He left the door open for
other Cabinet replacements when he
told inquirers there were no other
resignations as yet.
There have been reports that Secre-
tary of Commerce Daniel C. Roper
might leave the Cabinet, as well as
Secretary of War Harry H. Wood-
ring, Secretary of the Navy Claude
A. Swanson, Postmaster General
James A. Farley and Secretary of
Labor Frances Perkins.
Beethoven Quiz
Won B ySenior
Music Contest Conducted
By Art Cinema League
To Introduce Movie,
Names made news when Ralph
Mendelson, '39E (no relation to Felix)
was awarded first prize, a book of
recordings, in the Beethoven Quiz
last night in the Ethel Fountain Hus-
sey Room of the League.
Robert A. Reid, '40, won the second
prize of two season tickets to the Art
Cinema League Series, while Nathan
Brenowitz, '39 Dent., Sigmund By-
chinsky, '39E, and Edwin A. Hibbard,
'41, were each given two complimen-
tary tickets to "The Life and Loves
of Beethoven."
Norman Reid acted as master of
ceremonies for the quiz, which was
conducted in connection with "The
Life and Loves of Beethoven," an
Art Cinema League presentation star-
ring Harry Bauer. The picture will be
shown at 8:15 p.m. tomorrow, Friday
and Saturday. Many of the themes
which puzzled contenders last night
will be heard in the movie.
Entrants were quizzed on themes
from several of Beethoven's sym-
phonies, string quartets, sonatas, con-
certos and overtures.
Insurgents Make
Gains Along Ebro

Four-Year Economic Plan
He Directs Suffers Bad
Jolt In Property Raids
Goebbels Approves
Plundering Of Jews
BERLIN, Nov. 15--(P)-Gen. Her-
mann Wilhelm Goering was reported
in reliable quarters tonight to have
been in an angry mood when he
learned of the new wave of Nazi anti-
Semitic violence, on the grounds that
it severely jolted the four-year econ-
omic plan he directs..
The Field Marshal, whose dozen
positions include the Premiership of
Prussia and supreme dictatorship over
foreign exchange and raw materials,
was reported to have given strict or-;
ders to cease property destruction,
like that of last Thursday when Jew-
ish stores and "synagogues throughout,
Germany were damaged and burned.
He was said also to have berated
those responsible for damages costing
millions of dollars, but the smahing
of a laundry and a grocery near
Tempelhof airdrome in Berlin last
night indicated disregard for his
Goering's views differed in prin-
ciple with those of Propaganda Minis-
ter Paul Joseph Goebbels, who said
he approved "inwardly," as he put
it. the wholesale demolition begin-
ning, last Thursday.
It was taken for granted in in-
formed quarters that the change of
plans of United States Ambassador
Hugh R. Wilson, who prepared to re-
turn to the United States on the liner
Manhattan Thursday, was to report
on the entire German situation as a
result of that anti-Jewish wave.
He cancelled an earlier plan to
leave Sunday with a .stopover in
London, and called on Foreign Min-1
ister Joachim von Ribbentrop pre-
paratory to making the more urgent
German Club
Hears Student
From Reich
Heinz Jander Discussesa
Difference in Sports
In The Two Countries
At a meeting of the Deutscher Ver-
ein last night, Heinz Jander, exchange,
student from Germany, addressed the
members on the subject, "German
Students and Sports." Mr. Jander is
from the University of Frankfurt-am-
Main and is studying medicine here.
The chief difference between Ger-
man and American college life, Mr.
Jander pointed out, is the lack of in-
ter-collegiate sport participation in
Germany. German students find their
recreation chiefly in long hikes. Ger-
man youth, both students and those
out-of-school, do participate in many
of the sports that we do here, but
riot on so large a scale. One of the
most interesting of their pastimes is
gliding. They also play football but
merely as amateur groups unaffiliat-
ed with any university.
Tickets for the regular 'lecture
series of the Verein which begins
Nov. 29, are now available, Oscar
Bixby, Grad, president of the organi-
zation announced. A chorus is also
being undertaken by the club with a
Christmas Sing scheduled as their
first public performance. German
students, either members of the Ver-
ei or not, are invited to join this
chorus and Mr. Otto Graf of the
German department will be in Room
300 S.W. from 3 to 4 p.m.' to sign
up all those interested.

Canadian Premier
Backs Air Policy
OTTAWA, Nov. 15.-(Canadian
Press)-Prime Minister W. L. Mc-
Kenzie King said tonight that Presi-
dent Roosevelt's statement that the
United States air program contem-
plated defense of the entire Western
I 4 .... - n- -.

Sex will again rear its ugly head
as the Gargoyle, campus humor maga-
zine, rolls off the press Thursday.
Intended to compete with last
year's "Sexy Terror" issue, the No-
vember Gargoyle will contain a True
Love Story magazine within its pages,
according to Max Hodge, 39, editor.
Especially featured will be a short
story on "I Love. a G-Man" and an
article on "Passion among the Books."
In addition, the Gargoyle will con-
tain more cartoons than ever before
in its history,, Hodge claims. The
chief of these is "Preposterous Per-
sons," slated to make The Daily edi-
tors sit up and take notice. Included
in the picture section will be a pho-
tograph of the football team suitable
for framing.7
Student Senate
Condemns New
Nazi Outrages
Campus Plea For 4-Day
Thanksgiving Holiday
Is Submitted To Deans1
After considerable debate as tos
whether or not it should concern it-
self with problems of national and
international significance, the Stu-
dent Senate at its meeting in the
Union -last night voted to send the
following' telegram to Secretary ofI
State Hull:
"The Student Senate, representing
the University of Michigan student{
body, condemns barbaric treatment
of Jews and other minorities in4
Greater Germany. We urge the
State Department to increase immi-C
gration quotas for Greater Germany.
We urge our government to secure in-
ternational cooperation in resettling
refugees, and to use all economic and
diplomatic means to influence the
German government to cease these
This resolution introduced by
Martin Dworkis, '40, was opposed by
several of the members only on thef
grounds that it was not the function,
of the body to consider matters oth-
er than those directly concernig the9
At its last meeting the Student
Senate voted to investigate possibili-
ties for an extended Thanksgiving
week-end holiday, and yesterday
morning the Thanksgiving commit-
tee submitted the following resolu-
tion for consideration by the Deans'
"On behalf of the student body,
the Student Senate has voted to sub-
mit this plea for an extension of the
Thanksgiving holiday to include Fri-
day and Saturday, Nov. 25 and 26.
"This year, as in the past, the cam-
pus-at-large has voiced strong..senti-
ment in favor of such an extension
which would enable a majority to
spend the holiday at home.
"The students believe this request
(Continued on Page 2)
Foreign Reporter's
Wife Will Speak
On Czech Crisis
Mrs. Edgar Ansel Mowrer, wife of
the Chicago Daily News foreign cor-
respondent, will speak on her experi-
ences in Paris during the recent
Czechoslovakian crisis at the first
International Relations Dinner of the
season to be held at 6 pm. in the
League. The dinner is sponsored by
the American Association of Univers-
ity Women, and will be open to the

Mrs. Mowrer has been with her hus-
band at the scene of every major
European crisis for the last 20 years.
She is well acquainted with the in-

Sex Rears Its Head
As Gargoyle Rolls
Off Press Thursday

Treatment Of ev

British Government Ur
By U.S. Envoy To f
For Removal Of J
President Picture
2-Continent Defe:

WASHINGTON, Nov. 15.-(P)-
President Roosevelt denounced the
German dictatorship's treatment o
Jews today as almost beyond belle
and then pictured a vast two-con,
tinent defense system in which a
the Americas would present a unite
front against aggression from abroad
His remarks on the Jews, give
out at a press conference, w'ere w
"The news of the past few day
from Germany has deeply shocke
public opinion in the United States
Such news from any part of the worl
would inevitably produce a simila
profound reaction among America:
people in every part of the nation.
"I myself could scarcely believ
that such things could occur in
20th century civilization.
"With a view of gaining a first
hand picture of the situation inGer-
many, I asked the Secretary of Stat
to order our Ambassador in Berli
to return at, once for report and con
Thus Mr. Roosevelt disclosed tha
he himself was back of yesterday'
order calling Ambassador Hugh R.
Wilson home. Mr. Roosevelt said hE
could not disclose how long the Am
bassador would stay here. This gay
rise to speculation that the envoy
might be kept at home indefinitely.
LONDON, Nov. 15.-(A)'-Urged b;
United States Ambassador Joseph I
Kennedy, the British Government to
night considered a new scheme fo
leading a mass exodus of Jews from
The plan was believed to have bee]
drafted by the Ambassador himsell
Britain's dominions, colonies an
mandate territories, together wit]
the United States, South American
nations, France, Belgium and th
Netherlands, it was understood, woul
try to move the majority of the 600,
000 Jews still in the Reich, not jus
a part of them.
Kennedy conferred with Prim
Minister Neville Chamberlain at No
10, Downing Street and it was be-
lieved both Chamberlain and For
eign, Minister Viscount Halifax like(
the plan and agreed to try it.
To expedite a solution of the prob
lem, intensified by last week's way
of violence against Jewish propert
in Germany and by ensuing restric
ive decrees, the United States an
British Colonies may be asked to tak(
some refugees immediately.
Debaters Meet
For First Boni


State Team He
Big Ten Contest

ui i

Chicago's First Ward Mourns
Death Of John Bath Coughlin

In Chicago's cosmopolitan district,
which spreads northward from the
River through the Loop to 26th Street,
there will be mourning this week. And
in the saloons, banks, brothels, sky-
scrapers and slums which make up
the Windy City's First Ward, the eyes
of many loyal Democrats will be
For the most re-elected official in
the world, John J. "The Bath" Cough-
lin. Alderman of Chicago's First Ward
for forty consecutive years, is dead.
Invalided and 78 years old, "Bath-
house .John " sucued toinnneunnis.

time ago, "I might have been just
another rich man's idle son. I might
even have been sent to Yale."
Young John became a leader
among the urchins who were forced
to find their own way in the hust-
ling river town of the '70s. Aided by
his family and his own savings, he
opened a Turkish bath on Madison
St. which was to become "the bath-
house" for the politicos, gamblers and
men about town of that day. There
he met Michael "Hinky Dink" Ken-
na, civic-minded saloon keeper, des-
tined to become "The Bath's" life-
1_ ~--- _

Ohio State debaters will meet Prof.
Arthur Secord's Michigan team at 8
p.m. today in the main ballroom of
the Union in the opening Big Ten
contest of the season. t'
Jack Zuideveld, '40, and Louis Pop-
linger, '39, will present the affirma-
tive case on the proposition "Re-
solved, That the United States Should
Establish an Alliance with Great
Britain" against Ohio State's nega-
tive team composed of Joseph Grigs-
by and Samuel Shapiro.
The debate will be followed by a
regular Union forum, an informal
discussion and question period on the
topic. Clifford Livingston, '40, of
the Union Executive Council is in
charge of arrangements. No admis-
sion charge will be made.
Robert Rosa, '39, Jack Shuler, '40,
and Oliver Crager, '39, the Michigan
affirmative team members, will leave
tomorrow for Lafayette, Ind., where
Rosa and Shuler will debate Purdue
University tomorrow night in the only
decision contest of the season. Crager
and Rosa will debate the University

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