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Pawn Of Power .
Goes To Town «
VOL. XLIX. No. 171 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MVIAY 25, 1939
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Field Of ,23 Candidates
Compete For Six Post~
In Election Held Today
Is First Contest
Under New System
Election of Engineering Council
Representatives for six posts will be
held from 1 to 5:30 p.m. today in
the Engineering Arch.
Two candidates each from the
freshman, sophomore and junior
classes will be elected. The candidate
receiving the highest vote in both the
freshman and sophomore class will
serve a two-year term. The two high-
est junior candidates and the second
highest freshman and sophomore
will serve one year terms.
Junior candidates are: Herbert G.
Blumberg, Claude O. Broders, Ed-
mund A. Guzewicz, M. Robert Her-
man, Philip E. Newman, Harry W.
Reed, Jr., and Robert F. Watt.
Sophomores seeking election are:
Harold E. Britton, Gordon K. Hood,
Jr., Charles W. Lapworth, John P.
Lord, Jerome W. Mecklenberger, Rob-
ert J. Morrison, and R. Harry Smith.
Freshman on the ballot are: James
Bourquin, Richard B. Errets, Jr.,
Richard C. Higgins, Ray B. Powell,
Leonard P. Shelly, Robert L. Summer-
hays, Richard L. Shuey, Robert T.
Wallace and Alex C. Wilkie.
Next year's Engineering Council
will have more influence on campus
activities than any other organiza-
tions or previous council, Wesley
Warren, retiring president of the
Plans for the coming year formu-
lated by the Council include a diver-
sity of social and outside activities,
including a revival of the Engineer-
ing Open House and the sponsorship
of a series of All-Engineering Smok-
Duties Of Former Council
Will Be Taken Over
By Student Group
Petitioning for positions on the
newly-formed Men's Judiciary Coun-
cil will open today and continue un-
til May 31, it was announced yester-
day by Hadley Smith, '40, secretary
of the Union
Eligibility for the Council, which
recently assumed the judiciary fea-
tures of the former Men's Council, is
open to undergraduates of second se-
mester junior standing who are in-
terested in student government on
Petitions are to contain informa-
tion concerning the candidate's quali-
fications, and should be turned in atn
the Student Office of the Union,
The duties of the Judiciary Coun-
cil, whose members will serve for one
year, consist of: passing on petitions
of candidates for political posts on
campus, control of Honor Society in-
itiations and general student judici-
ary functions. These duties will,
however, be extended after the new
organization is fully adjusted to its
work, Smith said.
Members will be chosen from the
petitioners by a committee composed
of the following outgoing senior of-
ficers: the president of the Union,
the managing editor of The Daily, the
president of Congress, the president
of the Interfraternity Council and
the dean of students.
Named For '40
Jane Elpass Is Appointed
New Women's Editor
Appointments of junior staff and
woman's editor for the 1940 Michi-
ganensian editorial staff were an-
nounced last night by Lenton G.
Sculthorp, '40, managing editor.
A new plan for editing of the Stu-
dent Directory was also announced.
Under the new system, the work will
be directed by a board of junior En-
sian editors under the supervision of
the managing editor.
The Day In Washington
President Roosevelt discussed
Federal taxes in two White House
conferences with congressional
aMThe Senate Military Committee
was informed that. Grover Cleve-
land Bergdoll would arrive in New
York from Germany tomorrow to
surrender to mlitary authorities.
Government officials differed on
whether the draft dodger should
be permitted to reenter the coun-
. - *
George Deatherage, head of the
Knights of the White Camellia,
told the House Committee on Un-
American Activities that an or-
ganization in Germany supplies
material for anti-Jewish and anti-
communist publications in the
The House Ways and Means
Committee reported without rec-
oommendation a bill embodying
the Townsend old age pension
plan. A vote on the bill may be
taken next week.
Forestry School Dedicates
Magazine To Matthews;
Includes Many Pictures
Dedicated to Prof. Donald M.
Matthews, of the forestry depart-
ment, and edited by Lillian Starrett,
'39F&C, the 1939 edition of the
Michigan Forester, year-book of the
School of Forestry and Conservation,
was published this week.
"The Utilization of Wood," an im-
portant economic aspect of forestry,
is the theme of the book which con-
tains an article on "The Paper In-
dustry," by Otto Kress, technical di-
rector of the Institute of Paper Chem-
Other articles include "Plywood
and Veneer" by N. S. Perkins, of the
Douglas Fir Plywood Association, and
"Good Plastics," by E. C. Sherrard,
of Forestry Products Laboratory.
The cover of the book will contain
a drawing of Michigan logs and log-
ging wheels. Printed on heavy wood-
grained paper, the Michigan Foresters
will have individual pictures of the
Class of '39, together with lists of
the candidates for the degree of Mas-
ter of Forestry.
Has Continued Work
Professor Matthews, who has been
professor of forest management since
1927, received the degree of Master
of Science in Forestry from the Uni-
versity 30 years ago. Since he joined
the faculty here he has continued his
active work in forestry. In 1929, he
was adviser to the Brazilian govern-
ment on the organization of its forest
service, and for the last two years, he
has been chairman of the Division of
Education in the Society of American
Foresters. He has also written a text-
book on forest management.
Gargoyle's much touted "Esquire"
issue will follow a usual custom by
not appearing today as announced,
according to Max Hodge, perpetrator.
Tomorrow, he says, is now the prob-
able date of sale.
The issue will continue Garg's cus-
tom, started last semester with the
"Sexy Terror" issue, of imitating
noted magazines. Close approxima-
tions to the well known drawings of
Petty, Hoff, Bundy will appear.
Hod ge's Script
For Fall Opera
Society To Give All-Male
Elected To Presidency
After an absence of three years,
Mimes will revive the old all-male
Union operas with a production this
fall, it was announced at the honor-
ary dramatic society's meeting last
night in the Union. The script was
submitted by Max Hodge, '39, retir-
ing editor of the Gargoyle.
Petitions for chairmanship of the
opera, which is open to all male stu-
dents on campus, are due the first
week of next semester.
In elections held last night, Rich-
ard Humphreys, '40, was chosen
president. Other new officers are
Oscar Feferman, '40, vice-president;
Milton Peterman, '40, treasurer, and
Henry Clauser, '40, secretary.
Tapped for membership in the
society last night were Stan Swinton,
'40, Bud Vedder, Charles Holton, Ross
Monroe, '42E, Robert Prasil, '41,
Thomas Goodkind, '42, Richard
Strain, '42, Charles Heinan, '41E, Don
Treadwell, '40, William Miller, Carl
Petersen, '40, Ellis Wunsch, '40,
Daniel Shaw, '40, James Halligan,
'40F&C, Hadley Smith, '40E, Theo-
dore Winter, '41, Thomas Adams,
'40, Aleck Block, '40, and Vincent
It was decided to make a special
award every year to the best ama-
teur male dramatic performance on
campus. The society, which num-
bers among its members many promi-
nent University faculty men, will
holds its annual banquet in the Union
tonight. Kay Kyser, honorary mem-
ber of Mimes, will address the mem-
bers next Wednesday.
T wenty Enter
Listen to this tale of romance,
U.S. Navy Briigs 33 Trapped Men
To Surface After
26 Others Lie Dead In Submarine
Survivor Of Submarine Catastrophe
Tells StoryOf Wild Plunge Into Sea
Into this decompression tank were rushed the 33 rescued men who were brought to the surface yesterday
from the Squalus, U.S. Navy submarine glued to the ocean floor under 240 feet of water in Atlantic Ocean
near Portsmouth, N.H.
Tale of Indian warrior bold,
In the early moon of greenleaves,
Came they forth the stoic valiant;
Forth they romped to paleface wig-
Wigwam one of friend great chief,
Paleface mighty among his kind,
Came he forth to take their token,
Of the warpath they would tread,
Then to the mighty oak of Tappan,
Dashed the screaming yelling red-
To the tree of Indian legend,
When the whitemen pale and trem-
Stood around the mighty oak;
Warriors choice of paleface nation,
Choice of tribe to run the gauntlet,
Down the warriors, painted demons,
Swooped and caught their prey like
Loud the warcry stirred the stillness,
As they seized their hapless captives,
Forth they bore them to their wig-
There to torture at their pleasure,
There around the glowing bonfires,
Heard the words of mighty wisdom,
Smoked the pipe of peace and friend-
Thus there came to Michigamua:
Archie Kodros, John Nicholson, Carl
Wheeler, Butch Jordan, Jim Rae,
Charlie Pink, Hal Benham, Dye Ho-
gan, Ralph Schwarzkopf, Carl Peter-
sen, Stan Swinton, Mel Fineberg,
Elliott Maraniss, Paul Park, Stew
Robson, Don Treadwell, Had Smith,
Tom Adams, Bill Davidson, Phil
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Judson Thomas Bland, 30, of Norfolk, Va., an electrician's mate on the submarine Squalus, in better
condition than some of his fellow survivors, gave the follow ing interview Wednesday night. He was clad in hospital
pajamas, bath robe and sandals.)
PORTSMOUTH, N.H., May 24-(P'-."Tm very happy to be here to say I was with a very fine bunch of ship-
mates. I never saw a crew handle so well a situation that really needed good handling.
"We made a perfectly normal fast dive. It was a test dive and the test superintendent was timing it and clock-
it as we went down.
"Then something happened. It just couldn't be helped. It was one of those things that might go wrong with
any complicated mechanical thing.
King P raises
4 "We started taking in water through the ventilation valve. We knew
something had gone wrong aft. The captain came below. He was in complete
charge at all times. All of his orders were carried out immediately.
"The men worked to shut off the water. Then the diving officer came
below and gave orders to blow- the tanks. We took a terrific angle. It was
v about 45 degrees, I think, with the bow
New Diving Bell Descends
To Ocean Floor To Bring
Survivors To Surface
Struggle For Nine
Hours On Atlantic
PORTSMOUTH, N.H., May 25.-
(iP)-The United States Navy com-
pleted early today a major epic of
the sea-the perilous rescue of 33 men
trapped since Tuesday on the ocean
floor aboard the submarine Squalus
-and the sunken craft was left
peopled only by its 26 dead.
Under the giant searchlights of a
fleet of mercy vessels, a rescue cham-
ber bearing the last eight men finally
was brought to the surface at 12:30
a.m. (EDT), but only after an escape
from a second near-tragedy.
For nearly four hours, the un-
wieldy, nine-ton diving bell hung sus-
pended 150 feet below the surface
when a hoisting cable jammed.
Imprisoned 36 Hours
Men who already had been im-
prisoned for more than 36 hours in
the stale, gas-ridden but icy-cold air
of the crippled Squalus were jammed
like sardines in the cramped rescue
chamber. Only the fact that a hose
reaching to the surface was attached
to the bell, so that fresh air could
be pumped down, prevented acute
danger to the trapped men. A second
hose, also- was connected through
which stale air could be drawn off.
As the bell finally broke the surface
on its last tortuous trip, this message
was flashed from the rescue ship
"Eight men up on fourth trip. All
in good shape and all survivors now
Thus was completed the roll of the
More than 40 fathoms below rested
the dead, two of them civilian observ-
ers and one an officer-Ensign Joseph
W. Patterson of Oklahoma City.
Even as the final eight were
brought out alive, however, the Navy's
high command gave the order to
make the sea give up its dead, and
divers prepared to work on into the
night in an effort to bring up the
bodies of the lost so that the sub-
marine itself might be blown out and
Commander Leaves Last
Lieut. O. F. Naquin, of Alexandria,
La., commander of the Squalus, was
the last to leave his ill-fated ship,
glued to the bottom 15 miles off Ports-
mouth since 8:40 a.m. yesterday, when
water, pouring through an open air
induction valve, flooded the after com-
partments during a practice dive.
Almost simultaneous with the
"final" rescue, an indication came
from Rear Admiral C. W. Cole, coi-
mandant of the Portsmouth Navy
Yard, who directed the fight to save
the Squalus' crew, that the nine men
brought up in the third trip of the
diving bell were in poor physical con-
Behind them, however, were the
bodies of 26 shipmates-held under
forty fathoms of cold ocean water in
the flooded compartments of the
Cheer upon cheer rose from the
decks of the Falcon as the first seven
survivors stepped into the free air.
Each, as he was rushed quickly to a
decompression chamber, made his-
First Rescue By Bell
Not only was this the first time
that the diving bell had been used for
a wholesale rescue of men actually
trapped aboard a sunken craft, but
also it marked the first saving of men
from a submarine crippled at su a
depth as 240 feet.
Still ahead of the rescuers lay a
grim task. High navy officials re-
iterated tonight that divers would
search each flooded compartment for
the bodies of the dead, bringing them
to the surface before the Squalus it-
self was pumped out and raised.
The first man to breathe free air
again after 29 hours of confinement
in the cold, dark of the half flooded
Squalus was Lieut. J. C. Nichols.
Festival, Of Shavuoth
Orthodox services, sponsored by the
Lecture Method Of Instruction
Condemned By Students In Poll
WINNIPEG, May 24.-(R)-King
George' VI. observed British Empire
day in this heart of the Canadian
prairies today with a world-wide ra-
dio address which extolled "the faith
in reason and fair play" which he
said was shared by Britain, the Unit-
ed States and his Dominion of
This joint faith, he said, was "onek
of the chief ideals that guides the1
British empire in all its ways today.".
"Canada and the United StatesI
have had to dispose of searching dif-
ferences of aim and interest during
the past hundred years; but never1
has one of these differences been re-)
solved by force or by threat," the
king said. -
"No man, thank God, will ever
again conceive of such arbitrament
between the peoples of my empire and
the people of the United States."
The King paused in his tour of
Canada with Queen Elizabeth to
makerthe address, the longest he ever
has broadcast. He gave the 800-word
speech in a rich, resonant voice, slow-
ly as always. His words were carried
throughout the far-flung empire,
across the principal radio networks in
the United States, and to France and
other countries. He began at 1 p.m.
(2 p.m., EST).
The King and Queen arrived in
this metropolis of Manitoba, at 10:30
a.m. (11:30 a.m., EST)
American flags waved with British
flags on some buildings and in many
hands along the streets where it was
estimated 50,000 visitors from below
the international border braved bad
weather to join the 250,000 people of
Winnipeg in rousing street cheering.
for the royal couple.
Payment Of Senior
Dues To End Today
Will Give Concert Over
NBC Chain Today,
Popular classics and m o d e r n
American compositions will be pre-
sented by the University Band on a
broadcast over the blue network of
NBC this afternoon from 3:30 to 4
p.m., Don Chown, maniger, an-
This will be the third annual pro-
gram which has been broadcast over
NBC by the band. The previous two
have been broadcast during National
Music Week, but this program is be-
ing given two weeks late because of
a conflicting schedule with the May
Tickets for the broadcast are free
and may be had at the Union, the
League, Wahrs Bookstore, Morris
Hall or the School of Music. Every-
one must be in his seat by 3:15 p.m.
Broadcast time is 3:30 p.m.
Ti -Natilon Pact
Plans Near End
Britain, France And Russia
LONDON, May 24.-(JP)-Negotia-
tions on a three-power mutual assist-
ance pact among Britain, France and,
Soviet Russia had advanced so far
today that Prime Minister Chamber-
lain expressed confidence of full
agreement within two weeks.
In a two-hour meeting the British
cabinet accepted a plan which Foreign
Secretary Viscount Halifax discussed
with Ivan Maisky, Russian delegate
to the League of Nations, at Geneva.
The nlan wns said hb informed annr-
up. One of the men closed the door
to the after part of the ship. It took
super strength to do it and I don't see1
how he did it.
"All the men possible got out of
the after compartments. I don't knowI
if all the, after compartments were
flooded and I hope they were not.
"We lost all power and had no com-
munications astern. No one was ex-
cited at any time. Everyone was liv-
ing in the hope we'd be found. We
fired smoke bombs at regular inter-I
vals. We heard the Sculpin's engines'
around 3 o'clock and knew she was
"We knew it was the Sculpin be-
cause her engines are just like ours.
We were greatly relieved. We knew
we had been found and had nothing
to worry about.
"Every word from every man was a
cheerful one. Beating on the hull
was our only means of communica-
tion. Two men forward and two in
the after part of the bow kept beating
signals all the time we were down in
spite of the great cold and darkness.
"We got very good results. We were
told the Falcon would arrive at 4:30
this morning. We knew she had ex-
cellent equipment and wonderful
divers. I'm not afraid to say that not
one man ever thought he would not be
"The air got a little bad just before
we came up betause we were trying
to conserve the oxygen. When the
first rescue party came down you can
imagine how happy we were. We
sent up the weakest men first. I was
in the second rescue party.
"I hope all the rest will be found."
May Obtain Ensians
The first volumes of the 1939
Ensian have arrived and are ready
for distribution, it was announced
today by Charles L. Kettler, busi-
The yearbooks will be distribut-
ed at the Student Publications
building today and Friday from 9
- + - C fn ln rnnc tx rhnma 1
By WILLIAM ELMER
University students are almost
unanimously opposed to an "outmod-
ed" system of classroom lecture in-
struction, it is revealed by the re-
sults of the four-day poll conducted
by the Student Senate last week.
The students want a system that
will provide more "personalized" in-
struction, instead of large lecture sec-
tions, the Senate survey indicated.
Hit Young Teachers
They also sounded protest against
large, burdensome courses which are
being taught by young and relatively
inexperienced instructors, Harold Os-
terweil, '41, member of the Student
"Students apparently think that
lectures are a waste of time and cou1d
who has no opportunity to contribute
at all or to ask questions. Students
listen and take notes without really
thinking about what is being said be-
cause'what they think does not seem
to be important."
Exam System Scored
The present exam system was also
severely scored. Many students re-
quested that the cessation of courses
and the beginning of exams be given.
The advisory system was also critical,
because of the inefficiency of pro-
.fessors who work part-time at a job.
All advocated full-time ien who
would be fully-informed on the situa-
tion, One person pointed out that
wrong advice on such a serious propo-
sition as education might mean years
of effort in the wron field.