SHE MICHIGAN IAAISLY
unity 10, 1939
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
MAY 18, 1939
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Edited and managedI by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Published every morning except Monday during the
Oniversity year and Summ r Session.
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use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1938-39
City Editor ,
. Carl Petersen
Stan M,° Swinton
. Jack Canavan
. Mel Fineberg
* Ann Vicary
. Paul R. Park
. Harriet Levy
Business Manager .
Credits Manager .
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager.
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NIGHT EDITOR: S. R. KLEIMAN
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Of Policy . .
N HIS inaugural editorial in yester-
day's Daily the managing editor
presented the two basic requirements which
The Daily news columns must fulfill: The Daily,
he maintained, must be both accurate and
objective in the presentation of news.
The requirements of accuracy and objectivity,
essential in the presentation of news, are even
more fundamental in the expression of editorial
opinion. The editorials that appear in The
Michigan Daily this year will be rigidly sub-
jected to those two tests: that is the only policy
to which we will commit these columns.
The managing editor suggested yesterday
that in, the news columns objectivity will be in-
terpreted to mean a diligent pursuit and a clear
presentation of the truth. Exactly the same
meaning will be placed upon the word in regard
to the editorial page.
In this strange world of barbaric nihilism,
the foundations of our culture are being rapidly
undermined. New and exciting catch-words and
phrases have been created to capture the imagi-
nations of disillusioned and desperate men.
Words like tolerance, justice, humanity, democ-
racy and objective truth, no longer: appear
capable of firing men's souls. To the strong men
of Europe these words haye become pre-historic
concepts, remnants of a decadent past; and the
irrational pattern of barbaric thought has even
permeated the thinking of many men on-this side
of the Atlantic.
It is, then, with a keen sense of the urgent
necessity for forthright affirmation of the
democratic principles that we dedicate these
columns to the objective pursuit of truth. Human
*;men will rise to the fullest stature of which they
are capable-the centuries-old dream of Western
Civilization-only when they are at liberty to
exercise their creative intelligences in freedom
--Elliott Ma iss
The Daily Edits
The News .. .
TO THOSE unfamiliar with newspaper
work the complexities of practical
journalism arekbewildering. Therefore at the
start of a new year for The Daily it is well to ex-
plain to those who will furnish news material
the how and why of the matter.
The Daily is open to any legitimate news. It
is a propaganda organ of no group, no clique.
Neither is it merely a publicity organ. News
selection in the coming year will be based entire-
ly upon reader interest. If a club desires space
about its meeting, very well. But the size of that
club and the interest in its activities will decide
the amount of space allotted. News merit, not
the amount of pressure which those desiring
publicity exert upon the editors, will be the im-
The City Desk of The Daily requests any in-
formation about activities coming up. It appre-
ciates the vital part publicity plays in the suc-
cess of an affair and will cooperate as far as
possible. It will not, however, crowd out more
important news for an announcement of a meet-
of a club with three members.
As Carl Petersen and Elliott Maraniss have
emphasized in their first edtorials, The Daily
will be open-minded. There will be no suppres-
By WILLIAM J. LICHTENWANGER
Notes On The Fourth Concert
That last Festival's all-Wagner program should
be followed this year by an all-Brahms evening
is not at all inappropriate. During the latter half
of the nineteenth century a large part of musical
society was divided into two hostile factions:
the worshippers of Wagner and those of Brahms.
Among musical Germans, "Brahms or Wagner?"
had something of the significance of "Gluck or
Piccini?" in pre-Revolution Paris music-or of
"Whig or Tory?" in revolutionary America. The
enjoyment of music is so personal a thing that it
is easy for the same composition to set up
violently opposing reactions in different listeners,
and devotees of the art have ever shown a pro-
pensity for making an issue out of the slightest
variance of opinion. That this is an unfortunate
state of affairs would seem to be the obvious
conclusion, though it can be argued that such
rivalries -are a healthy tribute to the potency of
the music involved. In these jejune post-war days
it would be a pleasure to find some new music
worth fighting about.
At any rate, our late Victorians went at it
quite lustily over Wagner and Brahms, and
Brahmsians calling Wagner a degenerate luna-
tic whose music was without meaning, and the
Wagnerites rubbing their noses and saying "ped-
antic," "stodgy," "dryasdust," "old-fashioned" to
Brahms. Pointless and unwarranted as were the
extremes to which their name-calling went, one
thing at least can be granted. Wagner, writing
almost entirely for the stage, expanded the
Berlioz-Liszt creed of greater freedom of expres-
sion in music, of content the all and form as
nothing in itself. Brahms, the composer for
music room and concert hall, was a true neo-
classicist, a carrier of Beethoven's torch. He did
not renounce the ideals nor the forms of the
classic masters. He wrote sonatas, quartets, sym-
phonies, not symphonic poems or music dramas.
The backbone of his music is the cyclic form, the
sonata-allegro, and their kindred designs, just
as with Haydn and Beethoven-not literary or
pictorial ideas. He was not a Debussy in harmon-
ization nor a Richard Strauss in orchestration,
but a conservative to whom good taste was more
important than vividness or novelty of expres-
To say that Brahms was a "conservative,"
however, is true only in a comparative sense. For
when not judged by the standards of such one-
time radicals as Liszt, Wagner, and Strauss,
Brahms takes on the guise of a liberal to whom
progress through change and a widened arc of
musical expression were not foreign. The ele-
ments of gravity and restraint which character-
ize much of his music arise purely from his low-
born, North German nature, not from a hide-
bound adherence to convention. For instance,
though he retained the classic four-movement
formula in sonata and symphony, he rejected
both the minuet of Haydn and the scherzo of
Beethoven as not being compatible with personalI
ideals, and in their stead inserted those contem-
plative, yearning intermezzi, less rhythmic and
more ponderable than the scherzo, which are
among his most characteristic pieces.
And to say that Brahms did not throw aside
the classic principles of structure, as did the
Liszt school, does not mean that with him content
was subservient to form. Thematic development
is the germ which engenders most of his instru-
mental music, but the development is almost
always one for the emotions as well as for the
intellect. Brahms, it must be remembered, was a
disciple of Schumann and every inch a product
of the romantic era, though one more full-
blooded than hot-blooded. The entire fourth
program of the May Festival is a refutation of
any lack emotional exurberance in his music.
The Alto Rhapsodie, especially, is a work in the
best "Weltschmerz" tradition. It is based on a
fragment from Goethe's "Winter-Journey in the
Harz," picturing the brute melancholy of a young
Wertherian wandering aimlessly in the forest
until saved by strains from the heavenly psalter.
In its suggestion of a tortured soul and a visita-
tion of- celestial peace the music is as moving
as Wagner's representation of Amfortas restored
to health by a touch from the sacred spear,
though more subtly so.
Another aspect of Brahms, the jovial lover of
good wine and good fellowship, is seen in the
Academic Festival Overture, composed in thanks
for the receipt of an honorary Doctor of Music
degree from the University of Breslau. Based on
four German student songs, as well as some
original material, its jollity is one of subject
rather more than of treatment. A beer-hall
sort of gayety and some sly digs of humor are
to be found in it, though someone has remarked
that it is the gayety of a mature man trying to
recapture the frivolity of youth rather than the
gayey of youth itself. Perhaps an alumnus at a
But there is a more important emotion than
melancholy or joy, and that Brahms was not
without the ability to write love music is evi-
denced by the four songs on this program. As
there are different forms and moods of loving,
so these songs differ among themselves. The
Smith bespeaks the obvious love and pride of a
young girl for the strength of her blacksmith-
lover. Thy Blue Eyes and Of Eternal Love are
simple, ardent tributes to a beloved such as
have been written since the beginning of time.
In "Immer leiser wird mein Schlummer" the
tenderness and poignancy of a dying woman's
love is unfolded by means of a quiet melody that
is so molded to the words that it reaches the
dramatic in its intensity. That these songs have
not the erotic passion of Tristan or Don Juan is
obvious. Brahms' love is more the noble, even
sentiment of maturity than the hot passion of
youth. Again the natural restraint of his nature
turned him toward the mellow and subtle in-
stead of to extremes.
no sympathy at all. I get along better when a
World's Fair isn't too wide open.
Whenever I think of the late exposition in
Chicago I suffer a recurrence of a slight throb-
bing in the temples, and my tongue seems coated.
In the beginning my counselor and friend sug-
gested that we just dash over to see the Hall of
Science, and then come right back to his saloon
again. But once within the portals amid so many
great educational exhibits something seized me.
It was, I choose to believe, a long-forgotten and
deeply buried reportorial instinct. My nostalgia
for news never assails me except at fairs and
fires, when I go Dalmatian all over again and
want to run between the wheels of the hook
Get Into The Spirit Of Science
"Ernie," I said with gravity, "it will not suf-
fice me simply to see the Hall of Science and
return immediately to your friendly barroom. If
we are to appreciate the wonders of hypsics and
chemistry we must capture something of the
scientific spirit. We must ourselves become re-
search men. Who can appreciate the wonder
of electricity unless he himself is charged posi-
tively? In this very avenue where we stand are
the cafes and restaurants representing all the
nations. It would be the work of only a few hours
to make a tour of the entire world." In those
daysethere were more nations than exist at
"Ernie," I continued, "what is the first thing
you do when you arrive in a foreign capital?"
"I get in a row with the taximan, the gondo-
lier or the drosky driver about the fare to the
"But after that?" I insisted.
"I register and take a bath."
"Let's skip all that," I suggested. "Let us
assume that you are now standing in the lobby
and a uniformed attendant approaches and asks
in faultless French, 'What does Monsieur desire?,"
"Let me get this straight," answered Ernie,
who was ill-rehearsal. "Is this along about noor
or 1 a.m. (our time) in the morning? That makes
a difference." We compromised on 1 p.m. "Well,"
my counselor and friend admitted, "I suppose in
that case I'd want to know the principal sights
of the city and the quickest way to the bar."
* * *
One Drink Leads To Another
Without further ado I dragged him into Rum-
anian village and asked the girl in bright peasant
costume for two glasses of native wine. She served
us a couple of Martinis. In the Polish concession
we asked for Pilsudski punch. That was a Mar-
tini, too, but without an olive. In the Hawaiian
settlement they called it Poi, and it was served
to us in an igloo as whale oil. We were up an
Athenian alley when they turned the lights out,
and Ernie suffered rather severe contusions trip-
ping over the ruins of a replica of the Parthe-
non. We didn't get to see the Hall of Science.
And so with our own World's Fair I intend to
make my investigations while a few of the place's
of historical interest are still padlocked. And
I gather, through the happy accident of having
seen a picture of the Trylon and the Perisphere in
one of the papers, that this particular interna-
tional congress has established a different motif.
So when I make my annual trip- around the
world in two hours and fifteen minutes I will
follow that official suggestion and stick con-
sistently to a highball with a straw.
I f e t
STAMFORD, Conn, May 6.--All the speakers
at the recent Chamber of Commerce dinner here
discussed the late
spring. We agreed that it
slowed up the marketing of
our respective products. My
cabbages are two weeks be-
hind, and I fear my colum-x
tine is not long for this
world. But for being held
down to the furrows I would
have visited the Fair many
days ago. With New York-
ers who say, "I'll wait until
everything is open." I have
To the Editor:
I am writing to you about a prob-
lem that has bothered me for some
time and which I think should be
brought to the attention of some per-
sons on campus. The problem deals
with the table manners of the boys
in the Allen-Rumsey Dormitory.
Being a resident of this dorm and
eating with the boys every day, I feel
qualified to relate the conditions that
exist. The manners of the boys are
atrocious. Here are several examples
of what I mean: eating with the
mouth open, eating with elbows on
the table, tipping the soup bowl to
get the last drop, leaning over the
plate until almost touching the food,
and playing with the food. Many
faults are less glaring than those that
I have just mentioned. There are
very few boys whose manners would
'pass Emily Post. Nor do I exempt
myself from the large majority. How-
ever, it is easierto see the faults of
others than to see one's own.
Last September, before coming to
Ann Arbor, I talked to a boy who
was about to enter Purdue University.
He told me that University officials
had sent him (and other freshmen)
a copy of some rules of etiquette
which were to be followed in their
dormitory dining rooms. I laughed
when I heard this, saying that Michi-
gan men didn't need to be told how
to eat; their manners were always
good. You can imagine my dismay
after eating with the boys a few
In a recent letter to this boy, I
asked him to send me the rules of
etiquette that he had been given.
Here are a few of those that he sent
me, which I think should be called
to the attention of the Allen-Rum-
1. Avoid talking with food in your
2. When your hands are not in
use, keep them in your lap.,
3. Never stack your dishes.
4. Do not wolf your food and eat
fast. Rate yourself along with the
5. Never start eating before the
whole table has been served. This, of
course, applies to the desert course,
6. Avoid lolling on the table. Sit
erect. Keep your elbows in close to
you and off the table.
In addition I would like to add a
few of my own:
1. Keep your mouth closed when
2. Keep the soup bowl flat on the
3. Do not play with the food. If
you don't like it don't eat it.
4. Be careful of your speech. Do
not compare some food which you
don't like with an unpleasant sight1
that you may have seen. Courtesy
for others demands that you -keep
your thoughts to yourself.
It appears to me that instruction in
table manners is as much in order as]
marriage and sex lectures. Purdue
University sends mimeographed cop-
ies of table manners to its incoming1
freshmen. In connection with the'
new dormitories that are being erect-
ed, I believe that the University would
do well to follow the example set by
the Indiana school. In addition, the
students themselves might conduct
campaigns within the individual;
dorms to better their table manners.1
However,such a campaign would be]
laughed at by many of the boys. Us-
ually the ones that laugh are the ones
that need instruction the most. The
same ones will probably laugh at this
letter. However, I am serious about
the matter and hope that something
will be done about it.
David W. Wiens.
WEDNESDAYi MAY 10, 1939
VOL. XLIX. No. 158
Ruthven will be
today from 4 to
Gets Told ...
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all mernbers of the University.
Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President until 3:30 PM.;
11:00 A.M. on Saturday.
President and Mrs.
at home to students
Retirement Incomes: A suggestion
has been made that questions con-
cerning various phases of retire-
ment incomes as they affect members
of the Faculties be submitted to the
Business Office, with the understand-
ing that the questions are to be an-
swered in the University Record. This
arrangement might serve to clear up
any misunderstandings or problems
on this subject. Will you please,
therefore, send to me any such prob-
lems and I will try to answer them or
will refer them to the Carnegie Foun-
dation for the Advancement of
Teaching or The Teachers Insurance
and Annuity Association for solution.
Herbert G. Watkis.
Applications for Proctorships in the
Men's Residence Halls. Students who
expect to have their applications con-
sidered for appointment in the school
year 1939-1940 will please file the
blanks in the Office of the Director
of Residence Halls by 3:00 Thursday,
Graduate Students in Education:
All individuals desiring to take the
preliminary examinations for the
Ph.D. in Education to be held on
May 25, 26 and 27, must leave their
names in my office, Room 4002
University High School, before May
May Festival Ticket Office. Begin-~
ning Wednesday morning, and con-
tinuing through the Festival, the
ticket office will be at the box office
in Hill Auditorium.
The Engineering Caps and Gownsi
have been made available through the1
Engineering Council. The charges;
will consist of a $1.00 rental fee and a
$2.00 deposit. Certificates will be
sold in the Lobby of the East En-
gineering Building from 10 to 12 a.m.;
and from 1 to 3 p.m. on Monday and
Tuesday, May 8 and 9, of next week.t
Fittings will be made from 2 to 5 p.m.1
on Monday and Tuesday, May 15thi
and 16th, at the Michigan League.
Certificates must be purchased and
fittings must be made on the above
dates. Certificates will be sold only
to those men who have paid their
Camp Davis. Students expecting to1
enroll in surveying courses at Camp
Davis this summer, who have notv
handed in their names, are asked toi
do so immediately.E
Girls' Cooperative House would like t
to have all girls who are interested inC
living there next year fill out appli-
cations in the office of the Dean of
Women immediately. For further in-t
formation, call 22218 between 6 and1
7 p.m. or inquire in the Dean's Of-
Special late permission will not bel
necessary for the performance ofc
"White Oaks at the Michigan The-
atre tonight. Students must returnt
to their houses immediately after the,
performance is over.,
Final Doctoral Examination of Mr.
Howard Paul Hetzner will be held on
Chemistry at 2 p.m. today in the 309
Chemistry Building. Mr. Hetzner'sl
field of specialization is Chemistry.
soloist; Men's Chorus; Eugene Or-
Fifth Concert: Saturday, May 13,
2:30. Georges Enesco, violinist, so-
loist; Saul Caston and Georges Enes-
Sixth Concert: Saturday, May 13,
8:30. Verdi's "Otello." Helen Jep-
son, Elizabeth Wysor, Giovanni Mar-
tinelli, Giuseppe Cavadore, Arthur
Hackett, Richard Bonelli, and Nor-
man Cordon, soloists. Palmer Chris-
tian, organist; the University Choral
Union; Earl V. Moore, Conductor.
Concerts will begin on time, and
doors will be closed during numbers.
Holders of season tickets are request-
ed to present for admission only the
coupon for each respective concert.
Exhibition of Six Paintings by
Three Mexican Artists-Rivera, Or-
ozco, and Siqueiros-and water colors
by Alexander Mastro Valerio, under
the auspices of the Ann Arbor Art
Association Alumni Memorial Hall,
North and South Galleries; After-
noons from 2 to 5 until May 13.
Exhibition, College of Architecture:
An exhibition of pottery and other
work in ceramics by leading Michi-
gan artists in that field is being
shown in the ground floor cases,
Architectural Building, through May
13. Open daily, 9 to 5, except Sun-
day. The public is invited.
Schuyler Marshall, publisher of the
Clinton County Republican, will give
the ninth lecture in the Journalism
Supplementary Lectur Series today
at 3 p.m. in Room E; Haven Hall. Mr.
Marshall's subject will be "The Fu-
ture of the Weekly Press." The pub-
lic is invited.
University Lecture: Dr. Wilhelm
Credner, Professor of Geography in
the Techinsche Hochschule, Munich,
and Carl Schurz, Professor of Geog-
raphy at the University of Wiscon-
sin, will give an illustrated lecture on
"The Evolution of the Cultural Land-
scape in Germany" at 4:15 p.m., Tues-
day, May 16, in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre under the auspices of the De-
partment of Geography. The public
is cordially invited.
A.S.M.E. The next regular meeting
will be held this evening at 7:30
p.m. in the Union. The program
has been arranged by the Detroit
Senior Section. The guest speakers
will include Mr. Max Benjamin, Pres-
ident of the Detroit Section; and Mr.
Sabin Crocker of the Detroit Edison
Company. Mr. Crocker will speak on
the subject, "What Lies Ahead After
A Graduate Luncheon will be held
today in the Russian Tea Room of the
League, cafeteria style. Prof. R. C. Ar-
gell, who has just'returned from a tour
of Germany, will give a brief talk
which will be followed by a question:
period. All graduate students are
A.S.C.E. Meeting at 7:30 tonight at
the Union. All members should make
a special effort to be present, as there
will be an election of officers.
W.A.A. Announcement--There will
be a board meeting at 4:30 p.m. to-
day at the W.A.B.
All Michigan Union Student Staff
Freshman and Sophomore Tryouts
are invited to the Installation Ban
quet for the newly appointed officers,
this evening at 6:15 p.m. in the Union.
Ann Arbor Independents: There will
be a rehearsal for Lantern Night to-
day from 4 to 5:30 p.m. in the Game,
Room of the League.
Speech 190: The students in Speech
190 will meet at the Speech Clinic,
1007 East Huron Street, at 9 o'clock
on Wednesday and Friday, May 10
University Club: The annual meet-
ing and election of officers will be
held in the club quarters in the
Union, Friday evening, May 26.
The Southeastern Michigan High
School Principals Round Table will
have a luncheon meeting on Friday,
May 12, 12:15, Michigan League.:Any
member of the University faculty in-s
terested in attending should make
reservation by calling Extension 673
prior to 9 a.m. Friday.
Varsity Glee Club: Election and
Serenade at 7:30 p.m. on Thursdayj
Nominations are as follows: Pres.
ident: Robert Vandenburg, fBurry
Vice-president: Colvin Gibson, Wan
Secretary: Charles Brown, Robert
'Treasure : John Holt, Ken Heiningm
May Day celebrations in Germany afforded
Adolf Hitler another opportunity to make a few
more derogatory blasts about democracies. He
was in excellent form, apparently, as he fulmin-
ated over his "international enemies" and as he
gilded the Nazi lily for the beguiled Germans.
The United States was included in the tirade
and denounced bitterly for organizing a boy-
cott against German goods. Hitler, it seems, would
prefer to have us import more German goods
and fewer German refugees. That undoubtedly
would be more to the Nazis' liking, as they find
themselves seriously handicapped in the Ameri-
But in no sense can the United States be
accused of organizing a boycott. It is simply that
the Nazi government chooses to barter goods
instead of paying for them with international
exchange. This policy is a contradiction of the
reciprocal trade treaties negotiated by the State
Department, for under these treaties concessions
granted to one country are extended to every
country that does not discriminate against our
By directly or indirectly subsidizing her ex-
ports Germany has put our products at a dis-
advantage. Accordingly she has been deprived
of the benefits of the trade treaties and is the
only nation in the world so proscribed. The rest
of the world is willing to do business on a more
If Hitler is worried -over a sharp reduction
of German exncrts into the nit r in. h a a
k_ _The title of his thesis is "The Reac-
tion of Free Radicals with Silver
Made Ini Jtu ln ,Salts." Professor C. S. Schoepfle. as
To the Editor: chairman of the committee, will con-
The Michigras closed a two-day duct the examination. By direction
run tonight. It was a grand show; of the. Executive Board, the chair-
the booths were original, the women man has the privilege of viting
beautiful and we cheerfully parted members of the faculty and ad-
with our last nickel for the sake of vanced doctoral candidates to attend
the Women's Athletic Association, the the examination and to grant per-
Band and the Glee Club. A more or mission to others who might wish to
less blase student body unbent for be present. C. S. Yoakum.
a couple of evenings, had a good Seminar in Physical Chemistry will
time andtaided a few worthy causes. meet in Room 122 Chemistry Build-
Yet unintentionally, we hope, it seems ing at 4:15 p.m. today. Mr. William
that anothertcause crept into the M. Spurgeon will speak on "Growth
picture like the. proverbial wolf. An of Crystals."
interested observer noted that the __Cytas"
vast majority of trinkets awarded as
prizes bore the stamp "Made in Ja-ocerts
pan." May Festival Concerts: The 46th
Like all good students we hate to Annual May Festival will be held in
quibble over the insignificant; fur- Hill Auditorium, May 10, 11, 12 and
thermore we are not given to froth- 13. The Philadelphia Orchestra will
ing at the mouth. Yet after think- participate in all six concerts. The
ing in the lofty terms of the civic general programs are as follows:
pride and patriotism which the Mich- First Concert: Wednesday, May 10,
igras subscribes to in advertising its 8:30. Gladys Swarthout, soprano, so-
reason for existence, we find it hard loist. Eugene Ormandy, Conductor.
to swallow the irony of the above Second Concert: Thursday, May
mentioned label. To some people it 11, 8:30. Selma Amansky, soprano;
might damn the whole works. Jan Peerce, tenor; Rudolf Serkin, pi-
A couple of days ago a town in anist, soloists; Palmer Christian, or-
England was all set for an air-raid ganist; Earl V. Moore, Harl McDon-
blackout in preparation for the war ald and Eugene Ormandy, Conduc-
which some persons are making im- tors.
minent. The test was immediately Third Concert: Friday, May 12,
canceled when some curious person 2:30. Ezio Pinza, bass, soloist; Young
found that the dark-lamus to be used Peonies' Festival Chorus- Euene O.