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April 07, 1939 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1939-04-07

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Weather
Unsettlied, continued' cold today;
tomorrow cloudy and warmer.

0 4r

Sir 4

fIat

Editorial
The Editors Do
Some Telling...
Spring Parley
Time Is Here .

VOL. XLIX. No. 138 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, APRIL 7, 1939

PRICE FiVE CENTS

Poland Welded
Into Britain's
Anti-Nazi Bloc,
Commons Told
Col. Beck Leaves England;
Poland Is At Liberty
To Make Other Pacts
Nazi Spy Search
Begun In England
LONDON, April 6.-(P)-Prime
Minister Chamberlain welded Poland
into the French-British anti-aggres-
sion front today and took steps to
purge Britain of German spies. Then
he left for Scotland on an Easter
fishing trip.
Before adjourning the House of
Commons for its Easter recess until
April 18, the Prime Minister an-
nounced that Britain and Poland
had agreed to go to each other's aid
"in the event of any threat, direct or
indirect, to the independence of eith-
er."
'Halt Hitler' Bloc
He added that conversations were
proceeding with a view to adding
other nations to the , "Halt Hitler"
bloc.
Sir Samuel Hoare, the home secre-
tary, disclosed that a German spy
hunt had been going on in England,
Informing the House that three al-
leged Nazi spies had been expelled
from the country within the past few
weeks.
The length of the Prime Minister's
vacation will depend on the inter-
national situation, momentarily tens-
est in the Adriatic with three Italian
warships in the Albanian port of Du-
razzo and Albanian reservists mo-
bilized to try to repel what some
quarters believed was impending
Italian occupation.
It still was remembered here, on
the 22nd anniversary of the United
States' entry into the World War,
that the conflict broke out during a
British bank holiday.
Arrange For Recall
Before -leaving for Aberdeenshire,
Chamberlain arranged for the im-
mediate recall of Parliament in the
event of an emergency and assured
the country that all necessary pre-
cautions were being taken.
Col. Joseph Beck, Polish foreign
minister, concluded his visit to Eng-
land with an inspection of British
naval power, bound now to help de-
fend Poland's independence under
the reciprocal accord which supplants
the one-way pledge Chamberlain dis-
closed to the House of Commons last
Friday.
(France, a partner with Britain in
(Continued On Page 2)
Nation Watches
Army Parades
Veterans March On 22nd
War Anniversary
WASHINGTON, April 6.-P)-In
the midst of its greatest peace-time
expansion, the Army paraded men
and munitions before millions of
spectators today-just 22 years after
the United States entered the World
War.-
Veterans of that conflict tramped
behind troops and tanks in Army Day
parades in scores of cities.
Their presence, Europe's recurrent
crises, and Administration efforts to

bolster land and air defenses quickly
with a $552,000,000 emergency out-
lay combined to give new and grim
significance to the annual martial
occasion.
In -the National Capital, 20,000
marchers, disregarding a drizzle, par-
aded before Secretary Woodring, mili-
tary and naval officials, and foreign
dignitaries.
Conspicuously missing from a group
of naval attaches of several nations
was Germany's Lieutenant General
Friederich von Boetticher. He would
have been diplomatically out of place,
the embassy explained, inasmuch as
the displaymarked theanniversary
of a declaration of war against Ger-
many.
In the van of the parade marched
an infantry company from nearby
Fort George G. Meade, Md., attired
in a new slate blue uniform which
the Army is considering substitut-
ing for the familiar olive drab.
Five Killed As Passenger

Ends British Visit

See Amnesty
For Niemoeller,
Schuschnigg
BERLIN, April 6.-()P-Admirers
and supporters of Germany's two
best-known prisoners-the outspoken
parson, Martin Niemoeller, and the
former Austrian chancellor, Kurt
Schuschnigg-looked forward hope-
fully today to Adolf Hitler's birthday,
April 20.
All hoped that, in the outpouring of
sentiment which is expected to char-
acterize that day, there might be word
from the Fuehrer which would open
the gates of Sachsenhausen concen-
tration camp for Niemoeller, and free
the one-time Chancellor who has been
in custody since the Austrian ansch-.
luss, March 13, 1938.
There has been no official word,
however, of forthcoming amnesty.
Pessimists point out that most pre-
vious amnesties in Nazi Germany have
been for members of the party in-
terned for lagging faith or other in-
fractions of Nazi policy.
Niemoeller was first arrested Jan.
7, 1937, and went into Sachsenhausen
in March, 1938, in custody of the
Gestapo (secret police) despite the
court's refusal to give him a further
sentence on charges of attacking lead-
ers of the state and using the pulpit
improperly.
The Gestapo took Schuschriigg into
custody "for his own safety" and held
him in his own home for a time, then
removed him to a two-room suite in
the Metropole Hotel, Vienna Gestapo
headquarters. There have been fre-
quent rumors, none of them con-
firmed, of his removal from the head-
quarters.
Senate Passes
School Aid Bill
on Rural Vote

COL. JOSEPH BECK
Honor Faculty
Men In Names
Of Dormitories
Prescott, Hinsdale, Green
And Tyler Are Names
Chosen For New Units
Four prominent faculty members
of earlier years were honored yes-
terday when new dormitories were
named for them. The action had
been approved by the Regents, March
31, but no announcement was made
at that time.
Charles Ezra Green, who died in
1903 after serving for 30 years as
professor of civil engineering, pro-
vided the name for the dormitory
facing Willard St. The first dean
of the engineering college after its
separation from the literary college
in 1895, he was known as the author
of graphical methods for discove'ring
stresses in structures.
The unit facing E. University Ave.
was named after Burke Aron Hins-
dale, second incumbent of the chair
of the Science and Art of teaching. A
noted historian, Professor Hinsdale
was described by those who knew him
as a "forceful thinker and speaker
and extremely influential in Univer-
sity affairs."
Moses Coit Tyler, who gained fame
upon awakening the couptry to the
study of its own literary history, pro-
vided inspiration for the name of the
unit fronting on Church St. Author
of "The History of American Litera-
ture, 1607-1765," he served here for
many years before joining the faculty
of Cornell University.
The last of the dormitories, which
is the south unit of the group, was
named after a nationally recognized
chemist, Albert Benjamin Prescott.
A member of the faculty for 40 years,
he was professor of organic chemistry,
director of the chemical laboratoryi
and first Dean of the College of Phar-
macy.
hitchis And F.D.R.,
Conference Reported
WARM SPRINGS, Ga., April 7.-
(P)-Robert M. Hutchins, youthful
president of the University of Chicago
who has been mentioned prominently
as possible choice as the new chair-
man of the Federal Securities and
Exchange Commission, was reported
to have conferred here tonight with
President Roosevelt.
No word was given out on the con-
ference, nor was it even made public
that he was here. Officials would not
discuss the matter in any way.
The fact that the young educator
came all the way to Warm Springs
for the interview gave rise to specula-
tion that an appointment was near
at hand
Hutchins is a close friend of Wil-
liam O. Douglas, former SEC head
who was just confirmed as associate
justice of the supreme court,
Col. T. R. Roosevelt Bars
Defense Of Philippines
DETROIT, April 6-W)-The Phil-
ippine Islands were excluded from the
"territory and possessions" the United
States should be willing to fight for,
in an Army Day address given here
today by Col. Theodore Roosevelt,
former governor-general of the Phil-
ippines.

Baruch Urges
Sale Of Arms
Cash Basis
Economic War's Failure
Will Lead To Military
Strife, Says Financier
Borah Argues Plan
Destroys Isolation
WASHINGTON, April 6.-()-Ber-
nard M. Baruch, noted financier and
adviser of presidents, told the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee today
that the best way to keep America out
of war was to make its vast resources
available to all belligerents who can
pay cash and carry the goods away-.
Clapping an embargo on sales to
belligerents would prove disastrous to
American economy, he asserted, and
embargoing one belligerent would be
a form of economic warfare likely to
lead this country into actual military
war.
Supports Pittman
Therefore, to the vast delight of
Chairman Pittman (Dem.-Nev.), he
gave eloquent support to the latter's
proposal that the "cash and carry"
provision of the present act be extend-
ed to all American products, includ-
ing actual implements of war, which
under present law would be embar-
goed.
Testifying at a committee hearing
into proposed changes in the Neutral-
ity Act, Baruch frankly acknowledged
that his plan would be advantageous
to nations able to pay cash and haul
the goods away in their own ships,
and disadvantageous to others.
"But after all," he said, "that rule
holds good in normal commerce. I
do not see that we are required to ad-
just all inequalities of that sort."
Scornfully, he disputed the theory,
held by many, that American partici-
pation in the next war was inevitable.
We can keep out, he argued, and
moreover we can do so without ignor-
ing "faithlessness" on the part of
other nations.
Should Not Be Timid
In answering questions put by Sen-
ator Borah (Rep.-Ida.), who advocates
the embargo method, Baruch made it
clear that in his opiniorr America
would not be timid about standing up
for its own rights.
"I think," he said, nodding his white
head to the rhythm of his words,
"that anyone who thinks America
won't fight when the interests of this
hemisphere and America are involved
is badly mistaken. Germany made
that mistake once."
Borah contended that Baruch's plan
was not neutrality at all, "not by
twenty sea miles," and the financier
readily assented.
"Neutrality?" he said, "There ain't
no such animal."
For the first time in the Commit-
tee's hearings, obviously breeding a
(Continued from Page 2)
Convict Tries Legal Escape
SAN FRANCISCO, April 6.-(A')-
Convict J. L. Stewart tried a new
way today to get out of Alcatraz. He
called the government's "Rock" un-
constitutional.
Serving a 28-year sentence from
Texas for forgery, he filed a petition
seeking release on the contention
Alcatraz was not created by an act of
Congress.

Sandwichmen
Battle Mayor
To Save Jobs
NEW YORK, April 6.-(I')-A little
gray-haired man from a bowery flop-
house has blocked Mayor F. H. La-
Guardia's effort to banish 3,000 sand-
wich men and women from the side-
walks of New York.
It was the Mayor's idea that these
walking advertisements who carry
signs fore and aft would annoy the
thousands of visitors expected for the
New York World's Fair.
When a policeman told seventy-
two-year-old George Walters he would
have to give up his profession, the
veteran sandwich man looked up a
lawyer. He'd heard that was the thing
to do.
The result: Legal action protesting
the ban as unconstitutional and a
temporary injunction issued in
Supreme Court. Walters' suit, a char-
ity legal case, was followed by a mass
meeting of sandwich men in the Labor
Temple.
Peace Strikers
Invite Notables
To Speak Here
Roosevelt, Ickes, Murphy
Endorse April Meeting
And Express Regrets
Speakers, including Mrs. Eleanor
Roosevelt, Paul de Kruif and Melvyn
Douglas of the Hollywood Committee
of 56, have been invited to address
the All-Campus Peace Committee
peace strike April 20.
President Roosevelt, Secretary of
the Interior Harold L. Ickes and At-
torney-General Frank Murphy have
already replied to the local commit-
tee's invitation, endorsing the meet-
ing and expressing their regrets at
not being able to appear in Ann Arbor
April 20 for the peace strike. The
letter from Stephen Early, the Presi-
dent's secretary, stated "Your court-
esy in inviting the President to ad-
dress the All-Campus Peace Com-,
mittee on April twentieth is greatly
appreciated."
Similar communications have been
received from Mayor Fiorello H. La-
Guardia of New York, columnist Hey-
wood Broun, ex-Secretary ofBState
Stimson, Drew Pearson and Bishop
McConnell and Dorothy Parker. Miss
Parker's letter said, ". . . the only
way to peace is through action; and
that action lies in a concerted fight
against fascism."
New AFL-CIO
Clash Forecast

Urban
Attack
Recall
LANSING,

Representatives
Appropriation;
Economy Pledge
April 6.-(/)-The Sen-

Secret Negotiations
May Bring Italian
Control Of Albania

ate approved a supplemental appro-
priation of $2,500,000 for public school
aid today and sent the House bill
providing the grant to Governor Dick-
inson for his signature. The Senate
vote was 26 to 2.
The only opposition came from
Michigan's two largest cities, which
would not benefit directly from the
appropriation. Rural Senators voted
as one man for the measure, which
is designed to help "poor" school dis-
tricts.
Sen. Earl W. Munshaw, Grand Rap-
ids Republican, led the attack on the
appropriation. He told the Senate
public school boards had ignored
school aid limitations "because they
knew ful'well this legislature would
be generous and that the State of
Michigan would again be a Santa
Claus."
"The Republican Party pledged the
people of Michigan economy in the
campaign last fall," Munshaw de-
clared. "Is this economy? Are you
being consistent?"
He attributed the one-sided senti-
ment to "pressure" upon legislators
from outstate educators, and warned
that schools, like other agencies of
government, must learn to live within
their budgets.

Europe At A Glance
Rome: King Zog insists on Al-
banian sovereignty as Italian ships
occupy port of Durazzo. Secret ne-
gotiations forecast.
London: Britain begins drive to
clear Nazi agents out of country.
Announces mutual defense pact
with Poland.-t
Warsiw: Officials say that de-j
spite agreement with England,
Poland will attempt to remain a
good neighbor.
Paris: Rumors of new Italians
troop movements in Spain cause
French and British ambassadors
to order "clarification."
Berlin: High officials here saidE
that new moves were meant simply
to "teach Chamberlain a lesson."
Belgrade: A new angle was un-
covered as well-informed sources
say Italy plans occupation of Al-
bania as warning to Greece and
Yugoslavia to stay out of Anglo-
French blocs.
Hamilton Sees
Graft Behind
State Gambling
New Legislation Intended'
To Prevent Publication
Of BettingInformation
LANSING, April 6. - P)- The1
House of Representatives aimed a
blow at commercial gambling today
as Rep. John F. Hamilton, Dem., De-
troit, charged that graft and hypoc-
crisy have permitted gaming houses
to flourish in this state.
The House approved in committee]
of the whole the Hamilton Bill mak-
ing it a misdemeanor to: transmit or
publish any information concerning
betting odds or on which betting odds
might be based. The prohibition;
would apply to, telephone and tele-
graph companies, radio stations, wire
services, newspapers and any other,
medium that might disseminate such
information. The bill was set for a
final vote tomorrow.
Hamilton charged that funds for
a legislative investigation of gambling]
were choked off last year because the;
investigating committee threatened'
sensational disclosures. He declared
that for seven months following com-
pletion of the inquiry, gambling con-
tinued almost uninterrupted in
Wayne County although the commit-
tee had submitted to law enforce-1
ment agencies the addresses of estab-
lishments it identified as housing
handbooks for illegal betting on horse
races.
"I told the Governor and the Attor-
ney General who were serving at that
time that they were grandstanding,"
Hamilton declared. "I will say right
sere that you can't have open gam-
bling without the passing acqui-
escence of every state official from
the Governor on down." He did not
mention the names of the persons to
whom he referred.
Californiia Greets
Denmark's Royalty
LOS ANGELES, April 6.-(R)-The
ruddy-faced heir to the throne of
Denmark and his princess, pretty and
carefully tailored, arrived amid a
booming 21-gun salute today for a
five-week good-will tour of America.
The royal visitors-Prince Frederik
and Princess Ingrid-are determined
to visit as many Danish-Americans
as possible as they speed from city
to city in the interests of their country
and its commerce.

Otherwise they are not sure exactly
what they want to do, but the Crown
Prince said he was anxious to see
"everything in this country."
Scientists Coax Hens
To Lay Colored Egg

Martin
With

Duce Seeks To Halt British
Plan By Strengthening
Mutual Defense Treaty
Warships Patrol
Adriatic Shores
ROME, April 6.-(P)-Diplomats
foresaw arrangements tonight for a
"defensive" Italian occupation of Al-
bania while Italian warships pa-
trolled Albanian shores and mysteri-
ous negotiations proceeded in Rome
and Tirana.
Officials were silent, but in foreign
circles there were reports that the
conversations in the two capitals had
reached a conclusion.
Foreign observers reasoned that the
ultimate aim in strengthening the
defensive alliance between the two
countries was three-fold.
1. To give Italy firmer control
over Albania than she now enjoys,
with greater facilities for developing
Albanian' resources.
2. To prevent encirclement of Italy
and Germany by a ring of alliances

Plans To Confer
Green At Capital

Sane Sex Education Iii Schools
Is Advocated By Dr. Forsythe

Sane sex education in the schools
should be the answer of teachers tol
the "misinformation, unwholesome
curiosity, and undesirable attitudes"
which so many young people bring to
their boy and girl relationships, de-
clares Dr. Warren E. Forsythe, di-;
rector of the University of Michigan
Health Service, in a recent publica-
tion of the University's Division of
Hygiene and Public Health.
Sex education has been confused,j
evaded, and attacked only by indirec-'
tion in the past, Dr. Forsythe points
out. "Sex problems," he asserts,
"have not been well handled but .. .
nevertheless in this field lies one of
the greatest responsibilities of the
well-rounded program for school
health work."
A sharp departure from traditional
attitudes should mark our presenta-
tion of sex proiolems to young people,
Dr. Forsythe declares, adding that
such teaching should be done by
teachers of science, sociology, and

Reason, he says, can control the be-
havior resulting from the pleasant
relations between boys and girls the)
same as it controis eating of candy,
drinking and automobile speeding.
The relationships between males
and females should be understood by
young people, Dr. Forsythe declares.
They should be made to realize, he+
says, that controlled pleasures of
their experiences are natural, biologic,
healthful, and proper, not more or
less sinful, shameful, undesirable and
improper.
Such an understanding of sex prob-
lems is not all that is needed to con-
trol behavior, says Dr. Forsythe, but
it does correct misinformation and
improve attitudes. In addition to this
understanding, he points out, parents
and teachers should not only pro-
mote socially approved relations be-
tween boys and girls, but should
teach them that there is a deadline
of intimacy, kissing for instance, be-
yond which unmarried people can-

DETROIT, April 6. -(P)- An-
nouncement today by Homer Martin
that he plans to confer with William
Green, American Federation of Labor
president, at Washington next week,
forecast a direct AFL-CIO clash in
the automobile industry.
Martin is president of the Inde-
pendent United Automobile Workers,
separate from the UAW led by R. J.
Thomas which is recognized by the
Congress of Industrial Organizations.
Restless delegates to the CIO United
Automobile Workers' Convention
reached the bottom of a stack of con-
stitutional amendments, selected St.
Louis as the next convention city and
wound up their 11-day session with a
new harmony pronouncement.
The final session heard President
Roland J. Thomas read a resolution
which he said the executive board of
Homer Martin's rival faction adopted
looking toward affiliation with the
AFL.
"The only way auto workers will
ever go into the AFL," the president
.said, "is by union of the AFL and
CIO."
Stone Casing Cui
From Living Heart
ROCHESTER, Minn., April 6.-OP)
-Her heart freed, through surgery
from a hardened calcium case, Mrs.
Matt Lyon of Rochester, Minn., first
woman to undergo a rare "stone
heart" operation here, late today was
reported in a "very satisfactory" con-
dition.
A half inch layer of calcium, as

ROME, April 6.--King Achmed
Zog of Albania tonight was un-
derstood to have sent an urgent
message to Premier Benito Mus-
solini, warning him that the Al-
banian people would resist any
Italian attempt to destroy their
independence by means of an
armed occupation.
by making Yugoslavia fearful of any
British or French overtures for an
accord such as the Anglo-Polish mu-
tual defense agreement.
Bring Pressure On Greece
3. To bring pressure on Greece to
prevent her granting naval bases to
Britain in case the latter found her
Mediterranean island of Malta too
vulnerable because of its nearness to
Italy.
Whether King Zog had accepted
Italy's proposals was impossible to
ascertain immediately. Tirana had
reported that Italy made proposals
which exceeded concessions the king
was prepared at first to make. These
were believed to be military, bc-
onomic and financial.
Foreign minister Count Galeazzo
Ciano received Yugoslav minister
Bochko Christitch for a long talk. In
light of Belgrade dispatches, Ciano
was believed to have given assur-
ances that Yugoslavia wo*d be safe
from molestation if she accepted a
new situation in Albania.
Field Marshal Hermann Wilhelm
Goering, Chancellor Hitler's right-
hand man, who has been vacationing
at San Remo, announced he would
leave tomorrow for the south of Italy.
There, it was said, he would board
a ship for Tripoli.
Premier Mussolini flew to the mili-
ary airport of Jesi, near Ancona on
he Adriatic, a point which overlooks
,he sea toward Albania, and flew
'ack to Rome after a swift tour of
inspection.
King Zog Confers
(In Yugoslavia, neighbor of both
Italy and Albania, informed persons
predicted Italy would occupy the Al-
banian coastline to seal up the Adri-
atic and warn both Yugoslavia .and
Greece to stay out of Great Britain's
proposed anti-aggression ring).
King Zog, ruler of primitive little
Albania, conferred with the Italian
minister to Tirana, Francesco Ja-
comoni, while diplomats heard that
Gen. Zef Sereggia, Albanian minis-
ter to Rome, saw Italian Foreign Min-
ister Count Galeazzo Ciano.
Nothing was available in Rome's of-
ficial circles, however, to indicate
what problems are involved in the
so-called proposed strengthening of
the 1927 Italian alliance with the tiny
Balkan kingdom.
Three Italian warships-a cruiser
and two destroyers-arrived in the
morning at Durazzo, Albania, but up
to early evening the reported Italian
intention to land troops in Zog's
realm apparently had failed to ma-
terialize.
(A Belgrade dispatch said Italian
destroyers were reported darting
about the harbors of San Giovannia
Di Medua, in northern Albania, and
Valona in the south).
Diplomatic parleys, the army staff
talks in Innsbruck, Germany, be-
(Continued on Page 6)

BELSVILLE, Md., April 6.-(AP)-
Just to show it can be done, a couple
of government scientists have coaxed
hens to lay colored Easter eggs.

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