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March 25, 1939 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1939-03-25

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0

Weather
Increasing cloudiness, sonmc
what warmer today.

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Si zan

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Editorial
Armaments
For What .

VOL. XLIX. No. 127 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, MARCH 25, 1939

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Clamor Spurs
Chamberlain
To New Pleas
For Polish Aid
Beck Refuses To Approve
British Anti-Hitler Front
Despite Promised Aid
Conscription Urged
By Conservatives
LONDON, March 24.-(UP)-Grow-
ing Conservative clamor forapeace-
time military conscription. and an
all-party government for Britain to-
night spurred Prime Minister Cham-
berlain to fresh efforts for Polish sup-
port of his European "Halt Hitler"
front.
Ten days after the German coup
in Czecho-Slovakia the Prime Min-
ister still held h6pes of persuading
Foreign Minister Joseph Beck of Po-
land to approve an anti-Hitler declar-
ation by promises of British military
aid despite discouraging reports from
Warsaw.
In Warsaw the newspaper Express
Poranny, considered a mouthpiece of
the Polish Foreign Office, said "Po-
land does not expect anything from
declarations" and would not permit
herself to be dragged into any bloc
-presumably against Germany-and
would refrain from taking the initia-
tive in forming any blocs herself.
Warsaw political circles considered
this as tantamount to rejection of
the British-sponsored plan.
Because of long-standing friendship
between France and Poland it was
believed French efforts to persuade
Poland to join in a declaration might
be more likely toisucceed than en-
treaties from Britain.
A conscription-all-party demand,
should the current clamor crystallize,
would force on Chamberlain early
decisions, possibly jeopardizing his
own position as Premier, unless his
drive to prevent German expansion
produced concrete results soon, poli-
tical sources said.
The Prime Minister's opposition
to conscription was believed based
principally on the fact that it forms
an unattractive platform on which to
fight a general election, scheduled
for the fall of 1940 at the latest.
Conscription advocates urged, how-
ever, that it would be the best answer
to charges Britain hoped to fight the
next war with her own liabilities
limited. They also contended it would
do more than weeks of diplomatic per-
suasion could to bring Poland into
the democratic camp.
As matters now stand Britain has
been successful in lining up only
France and Soviet Russia in an anti-
aggressor bloc, which needs pivotal
Poland to give it the power Britain
desires.
An all-party government, political
circles said, would almost certainly
include Anthony Eden and Winston
Churchill who were believed unwill-
ing to serve under Chamberlaif. Eden
resigned from Chamberlain's cabinet
as foreign secretary in protest to the
Prime Minister's policy of dealing
with dictators and Churchill long
has been a critic of the government.
The increasing demand for a coali-
tion government thus might mean
Chamberlain's resignation.
Higher Sales
Tax Suggested'

State Treasurer's Proposal
CoollyReceived
LANSING, March 24.-(i)-Leg-
islators today received cooly the sug-
gestion of State Treasurer Miller1
Dunckel that an additional one per
cent be added to the three per cent7
State sales tax in order to pay off
the deficit inherited by the presentj
administration.I
In letters to the chairmen of the1
Senate Finance Committee and the!
House Ways and Means Committee
Dunckel proposed the extra levy t i
called "The Murphy Deficit Tax"
and that it cease when the debt had
been retired.
"It would be unfair to the present
administration to keep its promises'
of 'no new taxes' and at the same
time ask this administration to amor-
tize the Murphy deficit of $25,000,-
000," he said.
Varsity DPh!t rcMgtkgi

Speaks Today

R. A. BREWER
* * *
Job Parleys
Close 3-Day
SSeriesToday
Occupational Conference
Considers Advertising
And Business Personnel
Advertising, personnel in business,
and life-career outlook discussions
will climax the third session of the
University's Guidance and Occupa-
tional Information Conference today.
Students considering careers in ad-
vertising are urged by the Bureau of
Appointments and Occupational In-
formation to attend the meeting at
2:15 p.m. in the Union at which R. A.
Brewer for MacManus, John and
Adams will speak.
Mr. Brewer, holder of some of the
nation's largest advertising accounts,
is by ability and experience ideally
qualified to counsel students in this
vocation, according to the Bureau.
Personnel in Business will be the
topic of a session at 10 a.m. in the
League. Shirley Williams, lauded by
the Bureau as an outstanding person-
nel executive, will address the au-
dience.
Director of Personnel for Sanders
of Detroit, Mrs. Williams' career to
date includes several years as a De-
troit newspaper columnist, teaching
and educational therapy work during
the war.
The morning program for guidance
workers follows:
10 a.m.-Guidance Work as We Do
It, Michigan Union.
10 a.m.-Speakers: Douglas D.
Blocksma, Guidance Department,
Godwin Heights Public Schools,
Grand Rapids.
10:20 a.m.-Mable Billington, Girls'
(Continued On Page 2)
Peace Terms
Reach Madrid
Italian Dispatches Declare
Surrender imminent ,
MADRID, March 24.-P)-A Re-'
publican peace commission returned
to Madrid from Burgos tonight with
Generalissimo Franco's conditions for
surrender of Republican Spain. The
defense government of General Jose
Miaja. met immediately to consider
them.
Informed sources said that the
negotiations were still incomplete
and that the mission was expected
to return in the near future to Bur-
gos.
ROME, March 24--(/P)-Surrendert
of Madrid to Generalissimo Franco
was reported imminent tonight in
Italian dispatches from Burgos which
said Spanish Insurgent troops might
march into the Capital tomorrow.
Reports of the negotiations brought
Italy's territorial claims on France
to the front of Europe's tense situa-
tion, since consolidation of the re-
maining one-fourth of Spain undert
Franco might give his backer, Pre-1
mier Mussolini, the occasion to an-
nounce Italy's plans of future action
in a speech scheduled for Sunday.
(,aibling, Liquor t
Reform Planned
LANSING, March 24.--A--A con-
centrated campaign to drive out gam-
bling and reform the liquor business
was planned by Governor Dickinson
tday.
The 79-year-old official declared

he would ask the legislature to re-
peal a law which permits pari-mutuel
hn-i~ 1,lntr rnc " n icr

Student Senate
Official Ballot
Is Announced
37 Students To Vie Friday
For Posts In Third
Semi -AnnualElection
ASU Candidates
Outnumber Others
Thirty-seven students will vie for
the 16 seats on the Student Senate,
all-campus representative body, in
the third semi-annual election Fri-
day. The official ballot was an-
nounced yesterday byeEdward Mag-
dol, '39, director of elections.
The American Student Union with
eight candidates, the University Coa-
lition with three, the Progressive
Coalition with three, the Neutrality-
Progressive Party with two, and the
Human Rightists with two, make up
the party ailgnments for the election.
The official list of candidates fol-
lows: Blaz Lucas, '41, Independent;
Charles C. Buck, '40, Socialist; Abra-
ham James Goodman, '41; James
Frankel, '41, Human Rightist; John
A. Houston, '41, Neutrality-Progres-
sive; William Muehl, '41, Neutrality-
Progressive; Clarence Sahlin, Con-
servative; Maruice Hahn, '42; Arthur
Peters, '39, Young Communist
League; Feancis Hourigan, '41, Inde-
pendentProgressive; Norma Kaphan,
'41, University Coalition; Harry M.
Kelsey, '41, University Coalition;
Ellen F. Rea, University Coalition;
Paul C. Robertson, '40E, Indepen-
dent; Norman Rosefeld, '41, Liberal;
Charles Sojak, '40, Independent;
James W. Kehoe, '39.
Other candidates are: American
Student Union: Elman Service, '40;
Frank Johnson, '40; Harold Oster-
weil, '41; Jack Zubon, Mary Cum-
mins, '42; Morris Lichtenstein, '39;
Hugo Recihard, '39; Joseph Gies, '39;
Independents: Robert G. Harrington,
'40; Jack Grady, '41; Lee Sillin, '40;
Jay Schafrann, '40; Frederick S.
Reinheimer, '41L; Frank A. Dubell,
'40; Raymond Dwyer, '41 and the
Progressive Coalition; Elizabeth M.
Shaw, '41; Robert Khrn, '41; and
(Continued on Page F)
Nazi Teachers
Propagand ists,
Cases Assert
(Editor's Note: This is the last In a
series of articles on German exchange
students in the United States. In-
formation has been furnished by a
member of the U.S. Congress.)
By LEONARD SCHLEIDER
Additional evidence of alleged pro-
Nazi propagandist activities in the
United States by certain German ex-
change students and visiting profes-
sors was revealed in a recent Con-
gressional investigation.
Among the carefully-chosen savants
was Dr. Klaus Mehnert whose ap-
pointment as visiting professor at the
University of California's 1936 sum-
mer session was arranged by Major-
General Barrows of the California
National Guard.
His class, composed of 200 gradu-
ate students, many of them school
teachers, soon became aware that
Mehnert "was a talented Nazi agent
with none of the outward crudeness
popularly associated with Nazi propa-
gandists."
His course in "Contemporary Euro-
pean Thought," presented, as one of
his students wrote in the Pacific

Weekly, "the intellectual rationale of
fascism with intelligence, graceland
charm." He said that "National
Socialism expressed Germany's inner
soul." Assigned as "impartial" re-
quired readings were the worksof
Houston Stewart Chamberlain, from
whom Hitler obtained many of his
theories.
Prof. Friedrich Schoeneman has
lectured in the U.S. under the auspices
of the Institute of International Edu-
cation. Head of the American semi-
nar's at the University of Berlin,
Schoeneman is the author of "Ameri-
ca Under a National Socialist Re-
gime" and "The Art of Mass Propa-
ganda" which Charles Beard describes
(Continued on Page 6)
Peace Conin ttee
To Meet Monday
Letters have been sent to more thli
50 campus organizations inviting them

Shakespearian
Play To Have
FiveShowings
By MORTON CARL JAMPEL
Play Production will give five per-
formances of Shakespeare's "Two
Gentlemen of Verona" starting Wed-
nesday, with a matinee Saturday, at
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Tickets go on sale Monday at the box
office.
"Two Gentlemen of Verona" is one
of Shakespeare's earlier and lesser
known works. Since it has never re-
ceived a professional production in
this country, Play Production decided
it offers the opportunity to do some-
thing that is not only new but good.
The play promises to be much more
than just another show. Thor John-
son and his Little Symphony will
supplement it with musical scores
selected chiefly from works of Mo-
zart. James Doll, brought from De-
troit to design the scenery and cos-
tumes for the play, has constructed
properties that will permit presenta-
tion with a maximum amount of ef-
fectiveness. Replete Elizabethan cos-
tumes have been especially designed
and made for the play.
"Two Gentlemen of Verona" was
written during Shakespeare's youth,
and its characters are the beginnings
of those later seen in "Romeo and
Juliet," "Twelfth Night" and "Mer-
chant of Venice."
Administration
Would Ref or m
Security Taxes

Over Ohio

In

Nationals;

Five More Finals Tonight

Princeton Record Smashers In Relay

-Daily Photo by Botwinik
Ned Parke, Capt. Richard Hough, and Albert Vande Weghe, the
three members of Princeton University's crack medley relay team, set
a new N.C.A.A. record last night when they raced the distance in 2:54.5.
The mark bettered the former record, also held by rinceton, by two-
tenths of a second.

Michigan Leads 34 To30

Treasury Head Proposes
Some Of Rise Be Put
Off As Aid To Business
WASHINGTON, March 24.-(P)-
A proposal to defer at least part of
the 50 per cent increase in Social Se-
curity taxes scheduled for next year
and to abandon the plan for a huge
reserve fund for old age pensionshwas
advanced by the administration to-
day as a business recovery step.
Secretary Morgenthau outlined the
suggestion to the House Ways and
Means Committee, linking it directly
to recovery by saying it would lift a
burden from "American productive
enterprise."
Subsequently, President Roosevelt
made clear at his press conference
that the proposal had full adminis-
tration backing and word was given
out that it had approval of the Social
Security Board.
The proposal apparently caught
members of Congress by surprise.
Democratic members of the House
Committee, which is studying pos-
sible changes in the Social Security
Act, deferred comment as did most
Democrats on Capitol Hill.
But Republicans, many of whom
have been critical of the present So-
cial Security set-up, hailed the sug-
gestion with delight and were quick
to point to their earlier criticisms.
None of the suggested changes
could be carred out without con-
gressional action.
Under the Social Security Act as
it stands, an employe now pays one
per cent of the first $3,000 of his an-
nual salary and his employers pays
a like amount,
The tax. is scheduled to increase
next year to 11/ per cent each on
employe and employer, to go to 2 per
cent in 1943, to 2% per cent in 1946
and to 3 per cent in 1949.

Comic Opera
Will Be Given
By Glee Club
Annual Spring Concert
Will Feature Burlesque
Of Gilbert And Sullivan
"Trial by Jury," a Gilbert and Sul-
livan comic operetta, will be featured
in the Annual Spring Concert to be
presented by the Varsity Glee Club
Thursday at 8:15 p.m. in Hill Audi-,
torium.
The operetta will be given for the
second half of the program following
the formal concert. Paul Kent, '39;
and Jack Secrist, Grad., collaborated
in arranging the operetta for an "all
male burlesque." Originally written
for mixed voices with five female
leads, the club refused to go outside
of its own membership for the cast-
ing. As a result, the five female parts
will be portrayed by kowned male
sopranos of the opposite sex.
The cast will include all of the 45
members of the club with ten main
parts and a chorus of jurymen and
spectators. Announcement of the
soloists will be made later.
Directing the play is Secrist, with
Harley Spencer, '39, in charge of cos-
tumes, Harry Lusk, '39, in charge of
properties, and Hugh Roberts, '39,
publicity manager. Prof. David Mat-
tern of the Music School is conductor
of the Club.
A concert trip presenting substan-
tially the same program is planned
during Spring Vacation. t will take
the club through New York State and
will be climaxed by a concert in New
York City sponsored by the Michigan
Alumni Club there.

Nazi Minister
To Investigate
Border Clashes
Exchange Shortage Seen
In Rumania As Result
Of German Agreement
BUDAPEST, March 24.-(AP)-The
German Minister to Budapest visit-
ed the Hungarian office twice to-
night and was believed to have asked
an explanation of fighting on the
Carpatho -Ukraine- Slovak frontier.
It was believed he asked a full ac-
counting of the continued Hungarian
military operations against which
Slovakia has protested.
Germany signed an agreement with
Slovakia yesterday guaranteeing the
integrity of the former Czecho-Slovak
territory's frontiers for 25 years. The
Hungarian view, however, was that
the frontier of Slovakia with Hun-
garian-annexed Carpatho - Ukraine
had not yet been determined.
Meanwhile autonomy for Hunga-
rian and Germanic minorities in Ru-
mania was reported under informal
preliminary discussion among the
Berlin, Budapest and Bucharest gov-
ernments.
Hungarian hopes rose that, moving
at Germany's side, she would achieve
a peaceful penetration of Rumania
and Slovakia as well.
BUCHAREST, March 24.-(P)-A
prospective shortage of foreign ex-
change as a result of Rumania's new
five-year trade agreement with Ger-
many troubled Rumanian experts to-
day.
The country was expecting to be
much busier as a result of the pact,
but it was a little concerned about
10w it was going towhandle the in-
creased business without foreign
funds other than the controlled ex-
change expected from Germany.
In some quarters it was hoped the
shortage would be met by new trade
deals ,With England and other coun-
tries.
High School Students
Visit Ann Arbor Today
More than 200 high school students
from all sections of the state will visit
the University today in the first of
a series of three "University Days"
sponsored by the Union.
The visitors will be entertained by
a special organ concert by Palmer
Christian in Hill Auditorium and vis-
its to spring football practice, the
League, the Union and the athletic
plant.
A series of conferences with vari-
ous departmental heads to enable
the students to determine a course of
study upon entering college will also
feature the day's program.

Distance Event Is Captured
By Stanhope In Upset;
Patnik Repeats In Dive
Barker Dethrones
Tomski In Sprints
By BUD BEMNJAMIN
The Michigan swimming market
was steady once more today after an
Ohio State coup yesterday morning
threatened to undermine Wolverine
shares in the 16th annual National
Collegiate swimming meet at the In-
tramural Pool.
After a full day of activity which
began with a gruelling 1500 meter
swim at 10 a.m. and concluded at
10:15 p.m. with a record breaking
300 yard medley relay, the board
read as follows:
Michigan 34, Ohio State 30, Prince-
ton 16, Yale 7, Harvard 6, Texas 5,
Southern California and Iowa 3, Flor-
ida and Kenyon 2 and Iowa State
and Illinois 1.
Records were smashed, hopes
crumbled, favoritesupset, and pre-
dictions violated as the class of the
collegiate swimming world clashed
in six events, leaving five to be fought
out tonight.
One National Collegiate meet record
and pool mark was broken in the
finals while the myriad of prelimi-
naries in the afternoon saw one
N.C.A.A. mark equalled and three
pool standards bettered.
But not in the record breaking,
which had been expected, did the day
provide surprises. The two day tour-
nament opened with a crushing up-
set, finagled by genialMike Peppe of
Ohio State, which gave the Buckeyes
unexpected points in the 1500 meter
swim, and it was not until the final
rounds that Matt Mann could partial-
ly recoup his losses.
Harold "Curly" Stanhope, the
husky backstroker who had been
"railroaded" into the distance event
when Peppe scratched him from the
backstroke, proceeded to capture first
place in the event, finishing ahead of
Eric Cutter of Harvard and the tout-
ed Adolph Kiefer of Texas.
The ambitious sophomore was home
in 19:53.8 to set a new pool record.
The old mark, of 20:03.2 was set in
1932 by Austin Clapp of Stanford.
Stanhope went to an early lead and
withstood Cutler's late spurt to win
by two yards. Jimmy Welsh of Michi-
gan, never a factor, finished sixth
behind Elwood Woodling of Ohio and
George Lowe of Illinois, fourth and
fifth place winners. Another Michi-
gan entry, Blake Thaxter, won his
heat, but his time was too slow to
gain him a final place.
But Michigan in the evening began
to match unexpeqted points with Ohio
State's fattened total as Wolverine
free-stylers in the 50 and 220 yard
sprints amassed 20 points to give the
Wolverines some recompense for the
morning's disappointment.
The 50 yard dash found "Good-
Time" Charley Barker, the man who
never worries, upsetting his teammate
and defending champion Walt Tom-
ski, who had equalled the N.C.A.A.
record in the semi-finals, by a nar-
(Continuied on Page 3)'
'Ensian Price Rise
Slated ForApril 17
Only two weeks remain in which to
get the Michiganensian for $4.50 ac-
cording to Charles L. Kettler, '39E,
business manager. Following Spring
Vacation, the price will be raised to
$5. Subscriptions will be taken at
the Student Publications Building.
A greater number of colors will be
used in the 1939 issue of the Year-
book than in previousyears, accord-
ing to David Laing, '39, editor. Cari-
catures and serious spot drawings in
color will replace the usual printer's
line, while humorous cartoons by Al-

fred Williams, '40A, will decorate
the feature pages.

Broadcasting Service's History
Is Unearthed By Daily Reporter

By ETHEL NORBERG
In a one-room studio atop Univer-
sity Hall, with scarcely any equip-
ment to its name, the University
Broadcasting Service came into ex-
istence 14 years ago.
Two years prior to this time, in
1923, faculty and students in the En-
gineering College built a radio trans-
mitter, deceiving a federal license to
operate it in the following year. How-
ever, the equipment was experimen-
tal and inefficient and a request was
made to the University for funds to
build a broadcasting station.
This request the University re-
fused, believing that cooperation with
a commercial station would be bet-
ter. When the license for the experi-
mental station expired, no applica-
tion was made for renewal and in

1925, Prof. Waldo M. Abbot was ap-
pointed director of broadcasting to1
make arrangements. with Detroit
commercial stations for broadcasts.
The broadcasting studio, located in
a classroom on the top floor of Uni-
versity Hall was anything but an ideal
situation. To decrease the reverbera-
tion period, a painter's dropcloth
was stretched above the microphone.
In this first year of its existence 10
one-hour broadcasts were made over
Station WJR.
Three years later, however, the
Broadcasting Service moved down
from its perch in "U" Hall and settled
in its new studios in Morris Hall
where it is still located. Here it has
an announcer's booth, control room,
small ensemble room and a large
room for broadcasting the band and
other large groups.
From its beginning of 10 programs

'Shady' Garg To
Lamarr And

Feature
Cartoons

The March issue of Gargoyle, ac-
cording to its staff, will receive close

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