THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, MARCH 21, 1939
TUESDAY, MARCH 21,1939
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Published every morning except Monday during the
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Associate Editor. -
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. Robert D, Mitchell
. . Albert P. Maylo
. Horace W. Gilmore
. Robert I. Fitzhenry
- . S. R. Kleiman
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Women's Business Manager . "Helen Jean Dean
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NIGHT EDITOR: NORMAN A. SCHORR
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Her Promises *
F OREIGN NEWS experts cannot be
F expected to know every detail of
every treaty torn up in Europe in the past five
years, but a certain amount, of factual data
should be on hand before a commentator starts
out to sum up aggression, appeasement and
surrender in a thousand glibly chosen words.
Mr. Philip Adler of the Detroit News wrote a
paragraph in his European article last Sunday
that overstepped the bounds of superficiality into
the realm of misinformation on a most important
Mr. Adler, discussing the Czecho-Slovak crisis
with reference to the Munich capitulation, said
that Russia had evaded its obligations to the
Czech republic last September by a loophole in
the treaty, "something about the time element."
This is not only a gross injustice to Russia, but
a misleading implication in connection with the
whole development of fascist aggression.
The Russian-Czech treaty, made in accordance
with the principles of the League of Nations,
called for immediate aid by either signatory
when the other was tie victim of an aggression
by Germany. The casus foederis, however, was
only to arise for either signatory contingent upon
France's entering the conflict. Since France was
allied to both Russia and Czechoslovakia, the
expected effect of the treaty was to bring both
Russia and France to Czechoslovakia's aid if
the latter were attacked by Germany. Several
days before Munich, a French government iepre-
sentative asked Maxim Litvinov, Soviet commis-'
sar for foreign affairs, if Russia intended to ful-
fill her obligations to the Czechs. The reply
was an unequivocal "yes." The Czech government
did not address an inquiry to the:Soviet govern-
ment until two days before the Munich meeting,
receiving the same reply. Litvinov, speaking in
the League Council at Geneva just after the
Munich pact, declared that Russia was glad.to
have joined the League of Nations and to have
fulfilled her obligations toward it, if only' to
prevent it being said that the League had failed
because of Russia's absence.
Russia opposed the removal of the Spanish
question in 1936 from the League to the London
Non-Intervention Committee, which made pos-
sible the assistance given Franco by Hitler and
Mussolini. When the fraudulent nature of the
Non-Intervention Committee became apparent,
Russia denounced it, and openly asserted her in-
tention of only abiding by the Non-Intervention
agreement to the same extent that th fascist
naions did. Since Republican Spain- was a mem-
ber of he League of Nations, 'assistance against
her aggressors was in accord with the League
Russia has always headed the group of nations
in the League Assembly who have striven for ap-
plication of the penalties listed in the Covenant
against aggressors. Such action was repeatedly
prevented by France and Great Britain, until
the League machinery became moribund and
aggression was awarded a blank check.
At present, France and Britain are apparently
at last coming round to the Soviet point of view,
that treaties should be upheld and rule by force
outlawed by concerted action. Russia, however,
far from getting credit for being right all along,
is assailed by insitnutionnd accusain for nt
Some Election Figures
To the Editor:
We find it necessary to again examine the
basis of the Spanish "democracy," the election
in Feb., 1936. Those who know Spanish history
realize that there is no use counting noses, be-
cause the noses always have it. In the democratic
process the electoral procedure is less important
than the manner in which the elected accept
their mandate. In our discussion, though, the
former is important because it was the prelude
of a great civil war. Between ourselves and our
opponents there exists, we believe, an honest
misunderstanding; we have to look through the
propaganda and conduct an unbiased examina-
tion of the facts. We all know that no civil war
should have resulted from the election. The
election vote was very evenly divided, but the
peculiar system used in Spain gave the Left a
number of seats far out of proportion to the vote
they received. Had the Leftists accepted the pow-
er they got and used it democratically, we know'
there should have been no war.
Our finds of election figures were attacked
by Albert Mayio in an editorial on March 9. The
figures were taken from Current History, May,
1936, which said of the nine millions that went
to the polls the results gave:
5,051,955 for the Right and Center
4,356,559 for the Left
An explanation can be made to indicate that,
of the Right vote quoted, 4,570;000 of that went
to the Right itself, still giving them the major-
ity in the election. The total figure also in-
cluded the Basque Nationalists.
G. M. Gathorne-Hardy in International Af-
fairs May 1937, published by the Royal Institute
of International Affairs in London, backs our
position when he said "the left won its absolute
majority of seats in the general election of Feb-
ruary, 1936, on an absolute minority of votes,
4,356,000 for the Left C
4,910,817 for the Right and Centre."
The Times Review of the Year 1936 says: "Of
the total votes the Right obtained 49 per cent, the
Left 47 per cent, and the Center a mere 4 per
The Washington Post, Feb. 3, 1938, says in an
article: "Official returns of February, 1936, pub-
lished throughout the world, showed:
4,570,744 votes of the Right
481,207 votes for the Center and Basques
4,256,559 votes for the Popular Front
The Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1937, says: "The
With The Technic . .
HEN AN EMPLOYE in a printing
plant refuses to procure proofs for
a customer ten minutes before his lunch hour is
up, his attitude is "thoroughly un-American,"
it is stated in the latest issue of The Michigan
"Granted the fellow was well within his rights,"
the article states. "He didn't have to go out of
his way for a customer. He would have been
doing something for which he would not have
In addition to being un-American the work-
man had the "attitude of a typical eight-hour-a-
day man. Such a person," the Technic continues,
"does just what he is paid for and no more-and
probably always will. Yet we'll bet that he has
visions of being pressroom foreman in a short
The article continues, "The men who have
accomplished things in this world have not been
afraid to dig in and work, often closer to sixteen
hours a day."
There is nothing un-American in a workman's,
desire to eat and rest during lunch hour. On the
contrary, the "typical eight-hour-a-day man"
who comes to an understanding with his em-
ployer about when he shall and when.he shall
not work is simply arranging his working con-
ditions rationally-in the same way that an
employer tells his secretary, "I'm going to the
Club for the afternoon and I don't want to be
Particularly interesting is the assertion that
the uncooperative craftsman described by the
Technic editor will probably always be doing
just what he is paid for, despite his visions of
advancing to the position of foreman.
The fact is that the particular workman who
was described in the article was offered a fore-
manhhip and has refused it of his own volition.
The real thesis of the article, however, is the
outline of How To Get Ahead by digging in and
jworking "often closer to sixteen hours a day."
From the individual's point of view, this general
doctrine is pernicious (even if meant half-face-
tiously by the editor), for the eight hour day
controversy has long ago been settled in the
minds of intelligent people who believe that after
eight hours of efficient labor, the worker should
turn to the less material and more cultural and
recreational side of life.
From a technical and engineering (as well as
the social) point of view, economic relationships
can be arranged so that the world's work is done
in less than half of the sixteen hours mentioned
in the editorial, particularly if idle labor is given
the-opportunity to work eight hours a day.
But throughout the Technic editorial is the
tacit assumption that the fellow who plugs hard
will inevitably reach the top of the Golden Lad-
der of Opportunity. No informed person today
believes that individual initiative is a guarantee
of success in America of 1939. That philosophy
general election in February 1936 gave the
'Fronte Populare' of the Left an absolute major-
ity in the Cortes, although they received only
47 per cent of the total Votes."
Mr. Mayio presented the Leftist side of the
story. As a result of rather careful study we
found in his authorities some striking facts. He
says, "The popular distribution of votes according
to official figures quoted in Foreign Policy Re-
ports of Jan. 1, 1937 and Buell's New Govern-
ments in Europe was as follows:
4,206,156 for the Popular Front
681,047 for the Center
3,783,601 for the Right
The source that Buell used was the Boletin de
Information Bibliografica -y Parlamentaria, the
Record of the Spanish Cortes. But the booklet
Spain's War of Independence, published by the
central propaganda office for the Loyalists in
America-the Spanish Embassy at Washington,
D.C., using the same source, gives the following
3,423.450 Right parties
487,920 Catalon Lliga
3,911,370 total for the Right
4,255,550 Left parties
132,270 Basque Nationalists
4,751,440 total for the Left
Notice that the same error of including the
center with either of the parties that Mr. Mayio
accused us of making is repeated by the Embassy.
The Editor also referred us to "the excellent and
thoroughly documented study," John Gunther's
Inside Europe; the latter gave us more 'official'
figures supposedly supplied by the Secretariat of
the Spanish Parliament:,.
3,996,631 for the Right
4,838,449 for the Left and Basques
John H. Humphreys says in the Manchester
Guardian that the official figures were
4,540,000 votes to the Popular Front
4,300,000 to the Centre and Right
The same writer in a later article says the elec-
tions returns supplied by the Secretariat of the
Cortes, Senor Herrero, after the government had
moved from Madrid to Valencia (months after
the war had started) gave
4.838,449 to the Popular Front and Basques
449,320 to the Center Parties
3,996,931 to the Right
Observation will immediately show the
great variance in all these figures. It looks like
one side, or both, have been doctored; the propa-
gandists seemed to have no care for agreement.
We must be careful to look closely at the facts
before we accept the unequivocal statements of
the Loyalist press.
Signed: John O'Hara
What Price Indulgence?
To the Editor:
I wish to suggest that the members of The
Daily editorial staff inform themselves fully on
the subjects which they write on with such facil-
ity, that they be sure of the implicatiofs of their
statements before they go blundering into ab-
surdities. For example, among other ridiculous
statements in last Saturday's editorial, "Clerical-
ism and Catholicism," by Albert Mayio, the fol-
lowing bit of nonsense occurred:
...prior to 1931, canonical law and civil
law existed side by side, and bishops and priests
. . shared the political power with lay officers."
Just what is this sentence intented to con-
vey? Did the author know? Did he -know what
canon law is? Canon law is the Church's law
governing her clergy, and the religious life of
her laity. It exists sided by side with civil law in
the U.S. Why shouldn't it? How did it exist side
by side with civil law in Spain? In any different
way? If Mr. Mayio meant that the Spanish gov-
ernment officially recognized the ecclesiastical
courts, why shouldn't this be done in a Catholic
country where the Catholic majority desires it?
That is certainly no more unjust or anti-demo-
cratic than the lack of recognition of such courts
by the civil governments of the IUS., where
there is a non-Cath~olic majority.
Further in this editorial we read of some of the
sources of the "wealth" of the Church:
"In addition, the Church derived a great deal
of its income from masses, baptisms, 'marriages,
burials, an income contributed by the people
because of the Church's religious monopoly."
This is the height of absurdity. Such contribu-
tions belong by right to the individual priest, and
in Spain were pitifully small and very scarce.
They are free will offerings and vary according
to the financial position of the donor. Be assured
that the "wealth" thus derived by the "corrupt"
Spanish clergy was a great deal less than that
derived by ministers of Protestant sects in th.
U.S. for "baptism, marriages, burials," for even
here in the U.S. where no "religious monopoly"
exists, such contributions are a universal custom,
in all churches. Get married some time, and find
As for the statement quoted from Dr. Frank
Manual, that "income from plenary indulgences
was enough to keep thousands of inmates in con-
vents and monasteries well-fed and to maintain
bishops in awe-inspiring luxury," it is so ab-
surd as to be funny, if it were not so serious and
if so many people who do not know any better
did not believe it. In the first place the Church
nowhere derives any income from indulgences.
Indulgences are not for sale, and cannot be ob-
tained by the payment of money. Any one who
knows what an indulgence is (as Dr. Manuel and
Mr. Mayio obviously don't) knows this. In the
second place, if indulgences were for sale, the
income from them in an impoverished country
like Spain would not be sufficient to "keep
tthou sandsl of innia I s in coni ve'nts a~ndt nl-
By HEYWOOD BROUN
MIAMI, March 20.-"We want you
to be chief judge at our contest which
will pick a Miss Miami and go to the
World's Fair." These are the very
came to me in an
from the man-
agement, but I
' will not be there.
such an offer is
tempting. I did
toy with the idea,
and in my mind's
eye I saw myself strolling into the
World's Fair some afternoon and as-
tonishing a close friend by remarking
nonchalantly to the third lady from
the left, "And how are you, Toots?"
One might quite possibly be thrilled to
have a Miss Miami of his own and
watch her grow and flower until
she became Miss Universe herself.
But that would consume considerable
time and entail vast responsibility.
* * *
I'm Coming, Park Row
"Porter, put me on the train." My
flight may well be ignominious, but
Paris would have been wise to emulate
such an example, which wiould have
averted the Trojan War, and that
reminds me of the Trojan Horse,
much mentioned by the Dies commit-
tee. I gather from various speeches
of the chairman that he is not the
horse's friend. Also, I now recall the
real reason why I declined to act as
a judge and pick a Miss Miami. In
totaling up the expenditures of this
holiday it seemed to me that there
was nothing in my record which would
jiustify me in serving as selectman. It
would be better for Miss Miami to
have a millstone around her neck
rather than the accolade of my ap-
My Miss Miami, if I may call her
such, might well have possessed early
speed, but she would be almost cer-
tain to fold up in the stretch. She
might even swerve to the outer rail
and jump the fence. And even if she
neared the finish line leading by
many lengths the chance is still strong
that she would break a leg and have
to be destroyed. As the train begins
to gather momentum I know that my
decision to get back to work was
wise. But wise choices as well as fool-
ish ones carry with them trailing
clouds of regret. I wonder who's
picking her now, and generously I'
wish joy to both judge and bathing
Perhaps in many things I air too
humble. The mere fact that success
did not crown my efforts at Tropical
Park nor in the selection of racing
greyhounds at night is not necessar-
ily a criterion. It may be that I have
yet to find my proper medium and
suitable field of endeavor. The two-
year-olds at the track look very much
alike, and even under the arc lights
it would be all but impossible to dis-
tinguish the dogs save by the colored
blankets which they wear. But in a
beauty contest one is able to strip
away externals and consider person-
ality itself. The man who fails la-
mentably in the matter of racing re-
lations might prove himself a verit-
able Solomonin"dealing with duels
between flesh and blood folk of his
Possibly I have not made a happy
choice, even in my selection of 'a
Biblical authority. In his judicial
functions the king is best remembered
for the case in which he summoned
an attendant with a scimitar, and
suggested that Exhibit A should be
divided into two parts. That would
hardly be a tactful approach at a
bathing beauty contest. Still King
Solomon was both wise and witty. I
suppose he would have been suffici-
ently inspired to remark immediate-
ly after the experiment. "Shall we
join the ladies?"
It is true that Solomon must have
loved bathing beauties, because he
chose so many. But a collector who
deals in carload lots might grow con-
fused if under the rules of the game
he is restricted to one alone. In that'
respect I would have been more felici-
tious and eager to plump for one for-
getting all others. Colia ists should
not be cowards. It is the tradition of
the craft that they should give
dogmatic decisions on every subject
under the sun.
Pondter Will 4iive
Violin Recital Here
Andrew Ponder, Grad., a pupil of
Prof. Wessily Besekirsky of the School
of Music, will present a violin recital
at 8 :15 p.m. tomorrow in tile School
of Music Auditorium. This recital
is in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the Master of Music
Ponder will present the following
program: Concerto in A minor by
Bach; Intrada by .Desplanes; Allegro
by Fiocco; Chant de Roxane by Szy-
manowski-Kochanski; Vieja Castilla
and Andaluza byNin; Poem by Cha-
usson and Sonata. Gis 21 by Doh-
(Continued from Page 2)
Ada Lou Hall
John Edwin McGhee
Prof. William M. Newman
Merry Belle Palmer
T. Graydon Patterson
Mrs. John A. Pierce
Dr. Fritz Redyl
Ralph M. Rosenberg
Elinor L. Shilts
Carpo C. Smith
Prof. Morris Swadesh
Arthur Wolff( or Walff)
New York State Students: There
Academic Notices will be a meeting of the New York
Students, College of Literature, Sci- State Club tonight, 8 p.m. at the
ence, and the Arts: Courses dropped League. Dancing follows the meet-
after Saturday, March 25, by students ing.
other than freshmen will be recorded
E. Freshmen (students with less Hiawatha Club: There will be no
than 24 hours of credit) may drop meeting of the Hiawatha Club this
courses without penalty through the week. Notices will be sent for the
eighth week. Exception may be made )next meeting.
4, at 4:15 p.m. in the Rackham Lec-
ture Hall under the auspices of the
Institute of Fine Arts.
Seminar for Chemical and Metal-
lurgical Engineers. Mr. W. H. Davis
will be the speaker at the Seminar
for graduate students in Chemical
and Metallurgical Engineering today
at 4 p.m. in Room 3201 E. Eng. Bldg.
His subject is "The Thermodynamic
Properties of Hydrocarbon Mixtures
at Elevated Temperatures."
Seminar in Physical Chemistry will
meet in Room 122 Chemistry Build-
ing at 4:15 p.m. today. Mr. Norman
Bauer will speak on "Cohesion Forces
and Dipole Moments in Liquqids."
extraordinary circumstances, such
severe or long continued illness.
E. A. Walter, Asst. Dean.
Freshmen in the College of Litera-
ture, Science and the Arts may ob-
tain their five week progress reports
in the Academic Counselors' Office,
108 Mason Hall, from 8 to 12 a.m.
and 1:30 to 4:30 p.m. according to
the following schedule.
Surnames beginning M through Z,I
Thursday, March 23.
Surnames beginning F through L,
Friday, March 24.
Surnames beginning A through E
Saturday, March 25. 8-12. '
Red Cross Senior Life-Saving Class
will not be held Thursday, March 23,"
but will meet the following Thursday.E
Organ Recital. Palmer Christian,
University organist, will give a re-
cital in Hill Auditorium, Wednesday
afternoon, March 22, at 4:15 o'clock,
to !which the general public is In-
vited. On this occasion Mr. Chris-
tian will be assisted by the Choir of
the First Presbyterian Church. The
general public is cordially invited to
attend without admission charge-.
Student Recital. Andrew Ponder,
violinist, of Farmington, Mo., will
give a recital in partial fulfillmentX
of the requirements for the Master of
Music degree, in the School of Music
Auditorium, Thursday e ve n ing, i
March 23, at 8:15 o'clock. The gen-
eral public is invited to attend.
Exhibition of Modern Book Art:I
Printing and Illustration, held under1
the sponsorship of the Ann Arbor
Art Association. Rackham Building,
third floor Exhibition Room; daily
except Sunday, 8 a.m. to 10 p.m.;
through March 25.
Botanical Photographic Exhibit:
An exhibit of photographs of botani-
cal subjects will be on display in the1
West Exhibit Room of the Rackham
Because of interest in the photo-
graphs of botanical subjects the ex-
hibit will continue to be on displayi
daily except Sunday from 9 a.m. to
Exhibition, College of Architecture:
The premiated drawings submitted
in the national competition for the
Wheaton College Art Center are be-
ing shown in the third floor Exhibi-
tion Room, College of Architecture;
Open daily, 9 to 5, except Sundays,
through April 4. The public is cor-
Henry Russel Lecture for 1938-39:
Professor Campbell Bonner, Chair-
man of the Department of Greek, will
deliver the Henry Russel Lecture for
1938-39, on the subject, "Sophocles,
Aristotle, and the Tired Business
Man,' at 4:15 p.m. today in the
The announcement of the Henry
Russel Award for 1938-39 will be made
at this time. The public is cordially
Lecture on "Cosmic Rays and New
Elementary Particles of Matter," Sat-
urday, March 25 at 8 p.m. in the
fdrge auditorium of the Rackham
Building, by Prof. Carl D. Anderson,
Physics Dept. of California Institute
of Technology, winner of Nobel Prize
in 1936 and various other awards for
his research work. The lecture is
arranged by the Society of Sigma Xi
and will be open to the public.
A. E. Miller, editor and publisher
of the Battle Creek Enquirer and
News, will give the fifth of the Jour-
Congress District Presidents: Im-
portant meeting of the District
Council today at 5 p.m.
Robert F. May.
American Student Union: Regular
membership meeting tonight at 7:30
p.m. at the Union.
University Oratorical Contest: The
University Oratorical Contest will be
held today, 4 p.m. in Room 4003 A.H.
Roonm 4003 A.H.
A.S.C.E. There will be a meeting
tonight at 7:30. Coach Wally Weber
will speak, and refreshments will be
served. Something very interesting
is planned, so, all old and new mem-
bers be sure and be present.
American Student Union Members:
There will be a general membership
meeting Wednesday afternoon at 4
o'clock in the Union, instead of at
7:30 as previously announced. Can-
didates will be elected, and a plat-
form drawn up for the Student Sen-
Marian Wellington, See'y.
Graduate Luncheon: There will be
a graduate luncheon, today at 12
noon in the Russian Tea Room of the
League, cafeteria style.
Prof. Raleigh Schorling, of the De-
partment of Education will discuss
"Germany: Youth in the Saddle."
All graduate students are cordially
American Association of University
Women wlil hold regular March meet-
ing today at 3 p.m. at the Michigan
League. Discussion of "Cooperation"
in Ann Arbor by professors and lay-
men interested in the various phases
of the subject.
Louis Untermeyer Schedule:
Thursday, March 23.
4 p.m. Coffee hour at Michigan
Union (Room 308).
8 p.m. Smoker for Engineering fac-
ulty (North Lounge).
Note. Students desiring personal
conferences with Mr. Untermeyer,
phone him at the Michigan Union
Thursday 23 between 2 and 4 p.m.
Conferences will be arranged for Fri-
day, March 24.
Geological Journal Club: The Club
will meet in Room 2054 N.S. at 7:30
p.m. on Thursday, March 23. Pro-
gram: Ogden Tweto, "Migmtites
and Granitization" and Dr. George
Stanley, "Kodachromes of the Sier-
Cercle Francais: There will be a
meeting on Thursday, March 23 at
7:30 in Room 408 R.L.
The Men's Physical Education
Club will meet on Thursday, March
23, at 9 p.m. in the Michigan Union.
A delegate to the coming Physical
Education Convention will be select-
ed at this time.
Kansas Unit ersi y Alumni: An-
nual meeting of forier students and
other Kansans at dinner at the Mich-
igan Union Friday, March 24 at 6:30
p.m. Talks by Professors H. E. Riggs
and W. C. Hoad and recent motion
pictures of K. U. Scenes.
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet at 2:30 p.m. Sunday, March
26, at the Northwest door of the
Rackham Building. From here the
group, if the weather permits, will
motor to Cavanaugh Lake. In case
of rain the club will go roller skating
indoors. As usual the group will have
Saturday, March 25, at 8 p.m. the
club will hold an Opent House to all
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLET IN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to al m embers of the University.
Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President until 3:30 P.M.;
11:00 A.M. on Saturday.