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January 26, 1938 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1938-01-26

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The Weather
Snow and continued Cold,
Stronig northwe-stern wimbi.,

12-

sic igan~

jkit

Editora1iv
~Possible Rsilts
Of The Irish Stew,,.

VOL. XLVIII. No. 90

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JAN. 26, 1938

PRICE FIVE CENTS

'I

f !

Bigger Army
Is Hinted At
By Roosevelt
President Ready To Ask
More Money For Both
Branches Of Defense
Preparedness Urged
By House Leader
WASHINGTON, Jan. 25.-(P)-The
United States Army may be greatly
strengthened at the same time that
the Navy is being built up.
President Roosevelt conferred for
an hour and a half this afternoon
with the chairmen of five house com-
mittees dealing with national defense,
and it was disclosed that both
branches of the fighting service are
under consideration for supplemen-
tary appropriations.
For weeks, it has been known that
the President 'was preparing to ask
more money for -the fleet, but not
much had been said previously about
the army. It was reported today,
however, that powerful leaders inter-
ested in the land forces were press-
ing for increased appropriations.
Discuss National Defense
Mr. Roosevelt said merely that he
and the House committeemen had
discussed the needs of national de-
fense-army and navy-from many
angles.
He added that his message on in-
creased appropriations would be ready
Thursday or Friday but refused to
give details.
Rep. Taylor (Dem., Colo.), chair-
man of the appropriations committee,
said the President's message would
not be startling but added that "The
United States is getting ready to de-
fend itself."
In general, he, said, the conference
was characterized by- "general deter-
mination to brace up on our prepared-
ness. "There was a discussion of what
other countries had been doing, he
said.

Senators Confirm
Court Appointee

WASHINGTON, Jan. 25.-(/P)-
Solicitor General Stanley' Reed, chief
defender of Roosevelt legislation be-
fore the Supreme Court, won unani-
mous Senate confirmation today for
a seat on the tribunal.-
The 53-year-old Kentuckian is ex-
pected to assume his new duties next
Monday. It will be necessary for him
to resign his present position and to
take oaths to support the Constitu-
tion and to administer justice impar-
tially.
He will be the 77th person to sit
on the high tribunal.
Reed was appointed to succeed Jus-
tice George Sutherland of Utah, who
'retired January 18 at the age of 75.
Steel In- Black
Despite Decline
I n Production
Dividends On Preferred
Stock Paid As Usual
By U.S. Steel Board
NEW YORK, Jan. 25.--P)-De-
spite an unprecedently rapid decline
in operations, the United States Steel
Corp., kept its records in black ink
for the fourth quarter of 1937, re-
porting today a net income of $4,-
577,893 compared with $30,617,638
in the previous three months period
and $20,650,780 the like quarter of
1936.
Directors of the corporation de-
clared a regular dividend of $1.75 on
the preferred stock, but took no ac-
tion on the common stock dividend.
The quarter report showed earnings
of $1.27 a share on the preferred
stock, compared with $2.79 a share on
the common in the previous quarter
and $1.65 a share on the common in
the like 1936 period.
Net income for the full year of 1937,
before allowing for Federal surtax on
undistributed profits, amounted to
$99,930,836, equal to $8.58 a share on
the common stock, as against $50,-
525,684 or $2.90 a common share in
1936.
Myron C. Taylor, chairman, said
Sthe declining demand for steel pro-
ducts "continued during the last
three months of the year, reaching
the lowestlevel in December, in which
month production was only 32.3 per
cent of capacity."

Long War Would Aid China's
Victory Hopes, Dr. HaShih Says
Chinese Educator Believes what they wanted in North China,
apan lreay Woriedeven to the extent of taking Peiping
JapanAlreadyWJuly. This was because the Chi-
Over Conflict's Length nese government saw that it was not
prepared for a war and could expect I
By ROBERT MITCHELL no outside intervention in a war with I
A drawn-out war in the Far East Japan

Heavy Losses
Reported On
Yangtze River

3 _ _ i

Death i sses Local Matt.
As Train Wrecks Auto
An Ann Arbor man miraculously
escaped injury yesterday when a train
struck and completely destroyed his
car.
The accident occurred at 12:57 p.m.
when a southbound train of the Ann

Worst Storm
In ManyYears
Ravages State

will not only hurt Japan's ambitions
for world prestige, but also appears
the most likely way for China to
win out in the present conflict, ac-
cprding to Dr. Hu Shih, prominent
Chinese educator, who is in Ann Ar-
bor to give a University lecture today.
Japan has already become worried
about its campaign in China, Dr. Hu
Shih declared, because it is being
forced to put more war materials and
money into China than it had antici-
pated. Most of such military energy,
he said, had been planned and built
Dr. Hu Shih will give ai
University lecture on "Democ-I
racy vs. Fascism 'in China," at{
4:15 p.m. today in the Natural1
Science Auditorium. .
up for a conflict against a more pro-
minent opponent in which the stakes
and prestige to be gained were greater.
As materials continue to go into the
present campaign, the Japanese are
faced more and more with the prob-;
lem of replacing them and building
back their power.
"The Japanese went into the war
not expecting much opposition from
China," he ponited out, "because for
six years they had been able to do
Lewis Warns
IAgainst Wage,1
PriceCollapse:(
Miners Cheer CIO Chief
As He Urges Federal
HousingAppropriation
WASHINGTON, Jan. 25.-(IP)-
Whistling, cheering miners in con-
vention assembled heard John L.
Lewis warn Government and industry
today to keep the wage scale up.
If wages and prices are allowed to
collapse, there will be "a complete
economic, social and political de-
bacle," Lewis told 2,000 of his United
Mine Workers.
One school of economists, he said,
wants production costs cut to stimu-
late production.
"The answer to that is that it has
not worked, and it never will," the
CIO chief said, then scornfully snort-
ed:
"We tried that under President
Hoover."
The miners booed.
As the first medicine for economic
ills, Lewis advocated immediate Fed-
eral appropriation of six billion dol-
lars-five for a gigantic low cost
housing program and one for this
winter's relief needs.!
Ford Co. Opens Defensef
Against NLRB Charges
ST. LOUIS, Jan. 25.--UP)-The Ford
Motor Company began its defense to-
day at a National Labor Relations
Board hearing against charges by the
CIO United Automobile Workers of
America of unfair labor practices at

A long war offers three possibilities
for China to emerge victorious, Dr.
Hu Shih stated. First, although China
would be largely devastated physically'
by a long combat, Japan would be
greatly weakened politically and ec-
onomically. It not only planned most
of its resources for other internation-

Japanese Losing Ground Arbor railroad struck an automobile Upper Peninsula Swept By
driven by Ben Mummery, 544 Eliza-
In Bitter Fighting Near Beth St. Mummery was taken to St. Wind And Snow; Roads
Sceie Of Panay Incident Josephs Mercy Hospital where he Blocked By Huge Drifts
was treated for minor injuries. He
Twas released immediately.Ff 'A l e f
Japs' ThoUghllt Ready No other serious accidents were re- FIty Children Left
ported to either police or sheriff's of- cIStaddIn ch o
For Big Offensive ficers yesterday despite dangerous ) tranded hi Shool
weather conditions.

r
.
i

t 1
7
7

al actions, but probably is not strong SHANGHAI, Jan. 26.-(Wednes-I
enough to carry the financial and day) -(iP)-Heavy casualties were re-
economic strains of a war lasting ported today in- bitter hand-to-hand
more than a year or two, he explained. fighting along the Yangtze River
"The second possibility," Dr. Hu above Nanking as reinforced Chinese
Shih declared, "is that in a long war, and Japanese armies launched new
international incidents such as the offensives simultaneously.
Panay incident, accummulate and Chinese said both sides suffered se-f
pave the way for other nations to be vere losses as they fought for hours
involved. Those nations most likely at close range near Wuhu, 60 miles
to be involved in the Far East would;up the river from the former Chinese
probably enter the war to China's capital, apnes rhips se
advantage, he said. He listed Rus- ing Chinese positions.
sia, GreathBritain,hand America as They placed their own casualties at
nations that might some day be" 400, but made no estimate of the en-
drawn in. emys
As a last chance, he pointed out I ms.
thas demoraticeowersointerested The Chinese reported they had cap-
thatermationacolwect interested tured Hohsien, 25 miles down the
against war might possibly decide to river from Wuhu, near the scene of
step in and force an end to the con- the bombing of the United States gun-
flict through economic or military boat Panay Dec. 12.I
measures. China does not expect this Along the Tientsin-Pukow Railway
eventuality, however, he explained, north of Nanking Chinese forces re-
unless it should come as the result of ported they were driving back Jap-
its petitions to the League of Na- anese near Pengpu, advance point of
tions. the invaders northward drive toward
Asked whether China had the re- Suchow, strategic rail junction 320
sources for a long war, Dr. Hu Shih miles northwest of Shanghai.
described both its man-power and At the same time. Chinese cavalry
credit situation as equal, if not su- was said to have surrounded the
perior to, those of Japan. Military Japanese garrison at Tsining, Shan-
supplies are received through Can- tung Province city taken by the Jap-
ton and other sea-ports, because the anese last week on their southward
so-called Japanese blockade cannot advance toward Suchow.1
operate against neutral shipping un- The big Japanese offensive in south
less war has been declared, he said. Shantung, according to Chinese ad-
Some supplies are coming from Indo- vices, was being held up until rein-
China, and a few from Russia. forcements arrived.
Dr. Hu Shih, who is Dean of the A Hongkong dispatch said Japanese
Literary School of the Chinese Na- continued their aerial bombardment
tional University of Peiping, is recog- of the Canton-Kowloon railway in
nized as an outstanding scholar, and South China, striking closer' to Can-
has been well-known in both intellec- ton than at any time since they
tual and political circles of China. As opened their attacks.
professor of philosophy and adminis- Hsu Shih-Ying, China's ambassa-
trator in a number of Chinese univer- dor to Japan, stopped in Shanghai
sities, he has been a leader in the de- on his way to Hankow, temporary
velopment of modern education in capital, with a declaration that "I
China.-,,

1
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F
4

Increase Seen Certain
It was to Taylor that the President,
wrote recently that "world eventsd
have caused me growing concern" and
that "the United States must recog-
nize" facts.
The President's message is regard-
-A- -fintoinrea gpthe request-

Eligibility Rule
Policy Changed
For New Term"
All Students To Be Deemed
Ineligible For Activity;
Until Proof Established
Attention of students in extra-
curriculgr activities was called yes-
terday to the change in the procedure
to be followed by those desiring toj
take part in these activities, and by
the chairmen and managers involved.
At the beginning of each semester;
and summer session, every student
shall be presumed to be ineligible for
any public activity until his eligibility
is affirmatively established the fol-
lowing way:
1. By obtaining ,from the chairman
of the Committee on Student Affairs
in the office of the Dean of Students
a written certificate of eligibility, and,
2. By presenting the certificate of
eligibility to the chairman or man-
ager of the student activity in which
he wishes to participate.
The chairman or manager of anyC
activity shall file with the chairman
of the Committee on Student Affairs,
before permitting the students in-
volved to participate, the names of all
those who have presented certificates
of eligibility, and a signed agreement
to exclude all others from participa-
tion.
In securing certificates of eligibility
for the second semester, studenits were
asked to bring a record of their first
semester grades with them.
Slcond semester certificates of eli-
gibility will be required after March 1.
House Defers
Geiger_.Action
Probe Of Judge Is Halted
In Anti-Trust Case
WASHINGTON, Jan. 25.-(A)-The
House Judiciary Committee decided
after an "exploratory" hearing today
to defer action on Attorney General
Cummings' complaint that Federal
Judge Ferdinand A. Geiger of Mil-
waukee had obstructed justice.
Robert H. Jackson, head of the
Justice Department's anti-trust di-
vision, contended Geiger erred in
dismissing a Grand Jury before it
could return indictments for anti-
trust law violation against three auto-
mobile finance companies. e -
Representatives of the Milwaukee
and Wisconsin Bar Associations re-
torted that Geiger acted correctly be-
cause, they said, the Justice Depart-
ment was trying to use the threat of
criminal prosecution to obtain a con-
sent decree.

bring no peace terms."
Tn T.. nkvn R LAmn Tit. akphikn Smfl~a

ed as certin tonce
ed appropriations for the 1939 fiscal
year for army and navy above the } om s Zill 1
Before Rep. May's committee high I
army officers declared today that 2,- I B arcelona
200 commissioned officers should be
added to the regular army. This
would bring the number to 14,659.d Insurgent Raiders Strike
'There is "urgent immediate need"! sretR ies Srk
for more officers in the air corps, In Early Morning
Brigadire Gfie.LorenzO D. Gasser
Brigadier en.LBARCELONA, Spain, Jan. 25.-IP)
said' 3 1.. ..l ......... 4 .. yn hp, kV

J

-Insurgent bombers in two neavy
(raids on Barcelona were estimated to-
)hnson Leads night to have killed about 150 per-
I sons and wounded almost twice as
Imany.
Concert T oday IThe first of the day's attacks came
in the early morning when 40 bombs,

AFL Declines asked in the House of Peers why the
"Chinese incident" was not called a
war. He said the United States was
Ant - Japanese maintaining "a fair and just atti-
tude," but that Great Britain was
supplying arms and munitions to
China.
Foreign Minister Koki Hirota ad-
ELab Pmitted that the hostilities had de-
veloped into a major conflict but said
Goes 'Too Far'; Boycott the time had not yet arrived to de-
W. clare war. He said "only a small
inue, However, amount of arms and munitions is be-
ing supplied to China by Great Bri-
MIAMI, Fla., Jan. 25.-(P'-The tain" and "even this, theoretically, is
Executive Council of the American a business proposition."
Federation of Labor declined today to
join European trade unionists in an
economic alliance against Japan. Moehlman Pays Tribute
Representatives 'of Great Britain,
France, Switzerland, Sweden, Russia I To Maurice Keyworth'
and the Netherlands projectednthe aI-'
liance at Brussels, Jan. 15, contem A new book, "Social Interpretation
plating Governmental embargoes -Principles and Practices of Coi-
against Japanese goods with a scheme munity and Public-School Interpre-
for mutal economic compensation for d tation," by Prof. Arthur B. Moehlman
any losses entailed by the movement. f of the School of Education was pub-
The conference sought an explicit lished last week by the D. Appleton-

(By The Associated Press)
The worst winter storm in years
aged throughout the Upper Penin-
ula of Michigan Tuesday, piling new-
allen snow in drifts 20 feet high,
locking highways, and marooning
undreds in stalled automobiles, iso-
ated farms, schoolhouses, and mines,
Gathering Monday night, the storm
wept down on Lower Michigan Tues-
ay, but in a lesser degree, and ap-
>arently its full force was centered
long Lake Superior.
Fifty children, marooned in a town-
hip school five miles front Ironwood,
aced the prospect of spending an-
ether 48 hours in their classrooms.
oad crews pushed huge tractor plows
o the school Tuesday morning to
ring them food, but no attempt was
nade to carry the pupils out.
Miners Marooned
In Gogebic County, three separate
rews of miners employed in two
nines have been stranded withut
:ood since Monday night. Road con-
n.ssion workers in snowshoes reached
mne group of 25 with food and were
eported to be fighting huge drifts to,
0 others.
In the midst of the storm, Mar-
luette firemen fought a raging fire
n the heart of the business district
or 10 hours. A 35-mile-an-hour
ale and man-high drifts in the
treets hampered them. Two build-
ngs were destroyed.
Day Crew Snowbound
Empoyes on the Monday day crew
t the Ironton mine, near Bessemer,
vere snow-bound in a company build-
ng but report said they had adequate
food and water.
At the Greenwood Mine of the In-
land Steel Co., near Ishpeming, 25
men had been marooned since Mon-
lay afternoon. They had water, but
no food, reports said. Twenty-five
thers were reported snowbound in a
;asoline station two miles from Ish-
peming. They were enroute to the
Greenwood mine when snow blocked
the road.
Night Watchman Trapped
A road crew was trying to reach a
trapped night watchman on a WPA
reservoir project a half mile from
Ironwood.
Marquette's road commission had
130 men fighting the drifts early
Tuesday, and later doubled the num-
ber. They reported that about 150
persons were rescued from stalled au-
tomobiles in snow banks as high as 15
to 20 feet. Elsewhere in the Upper
Peninsula, highway crews, augmented
by farmers and recruits from small
towns, fought to keep highways and
telephone lines clear:
Murphy Speeds Aid
LANSING, Jan. 25.-(P)--Governor
Murphy ordered state welfare agen-
cies today to consider themselves "a
little Red Cross' and rush relief to
snowbound' Upper Peninsula resi-
dents.
"Pay no attention to red tape and
routine,' the Governor ordered the
welfare department and Emergency
Relief Administration as he received
reports of a paralyzing storm above
the straits.
George F. Granger, acting Emer-
gency Relief Administrator, said ad-
ditional funds would be made avail-
able immediately for the relief of the
needy. He said food, clothing and
fuel would be made available to avert
suffering. Welfare Commissioner
James G. Bryant ordered his field
staff to cooperate "to the full."
Murphy voiced alarm following a
survey of storm conditions. "We must
not permit this to become a catas-
trophe," he said. "The sick and the
hungry must receive care without de-
lay.
Fire Sweeps Marquette

MARQUE'ITE, Mich., Jan. 25.--(P)
-Only the shells of two buildings in
Marquette's business district re-
mained tonight after a 15-hour fight
against a fire. Three men were hurt
in combatting the flames, which were
under control as darkness fell.
Unofficial estimates of the dnmage
ranged upwards to a half million dol-
1 .r'

Three Piano Soloists Will
SupplementOrchestra
The University Symphony Orches-
tra, with Thor Johnson conducting,'
will give a concert at 8:30 p.m. today
in Hill Auditorium.
Soloists will be Mary K. Hamlin,
pianist; James D. Milliken, pianist;,
Thomas W. Williams, tenor, and Al-'
bert T. Zbinden, pianist. Two of the;
numbers on the program have been
transcribed for the orchestra and will
be conducted by Henry A. Bruinsma,
Grad.; and Donn M. Chown, '388M.
The program consists of Prelude!
and Fugue in E minor, Bach; FirstI
Movement from Concerto in D minor
for Piano and Orchestra, Mozart;
'Deeper and Deeper Still" and "WaftI
Her Angels," from Jeptha," Handel;
First Movement from Concerto No. 1
in D minor, Brahms; "Minstrels," De-
bussy; "Golliwog's Cake Walk," De-
bussy, and First Movement from Con-
certo No. 2 in C minor, Rachmaninoff.
The organization played the first
in a series of four concerts in Tledo
recently and will make a three-week
trip through the South, playing at
many universities and colleges. Dur-
ing the Spring Vacation, the orches-
tra will tour upper Michigan.
State WPA Moves
To Combat Slump
LANSING, Jan. 25. - (AP) - The
Works Progress Administration an-
swered the current business reces-
sion today with an announcement

most of them small, were dumped on
the city within three minutes.
Six of the missiles struck within a
city block, each killing from one to
six sleeping persons. The jail in the
central. section was damaged.
Ground activities along the battle
fronts generally were quiet Tuesday,
Spanish dispatches to Cerberes said,
except for grim trench warfare at
Teruel and an artillery bombard-
ment of Madrid in which four per-
sons were reported killed and six
wounded.

its St. Louis plant. guarantee of mutual aid from the
Daniel Bartlett, Ford attorney, said United States but the AFL council
he would seek to show the labor board replied it was "not prepared at pres-
"is working with the CIO and pre- ent to go as far as suggested."
judges all other labor organizations." The council gave assurances, how-
ever, that the anti-Japanese boycott

Century Company.I
The book is dedicated to Maurice
Keyworth, late Superintendent of
Public Instruction who was killed in
an automobile accident June 22, 1936,
eight days before his inauguration
into this office.

Psychologist Here To Assume
Child Guidance Institute Duties
By CARL PETERSEN on procedure and methods of investi-
Dr. Nils Y. Wessel of Rochester ar- gation to local organizations engaged
rived yesterday in Ann Arbor to take' i work of this character. Diagnosis
up his duties as psychologist for the of individual cases of child delin-
Michigan Child Guidance Institute, queny, called to the attention of the
directed by Prof. Lowell W. Carr, of Institute by its field men, will also be
the sociology department. carried on. It is this type of work in
TheInsitue, as rovdedforbywhich Dr. Wessel is to be engaged,
the alstitute was povided frt insaid Professor Carr. The Institute
bill, passed by the Legislature at the will have two psychiatrists by the
end of the 1937 Spring Session, which middle of February to deal with cases
appropriated $40,000 a year for the referred to it by the local juvenile
next two years to set up the Institute courts. Finally, the Institute will
under a board of trustees composed of1 supply technical advice to local judges
une moahnrd of th nrustfes co.psd of engaged in child delinquency work.
UIIC H~1iJJ f 01 B1I dLUI fl R e t.L

voted at the last AFL convention "will
be aggressively applied by labor and

its friends throughout the United
States" and said "definite results" al-
ready had followed.
The Senate filibuster against the
anti-lynching bill was discussed, AFL
officials expressing disappointment atI
the delay to other legislation in which
labor is interested.
The council delayed a decision until
later in its two-week session on the
- - - F d ran 0

Towns On Huron Should Own
Water-Fronts, Curtis Declares
By STAN SWINTON Michigan Central would shift its ma-
Public ownership of water fronts in ior traffic elsewhere or that smokeless
e ngines may be provided are the chief
towns bordering on the Huron River hopes mo y improv dedtarn thischief
was urged by Henry S. Curtis, execu- 'opes foiprvmetnhsi
LhUpe, [I C01 mCUemn. n hsdie-

I

5
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II

appeal o the Ynnsyivam a ree
tion of labor from an order that it tive secretary of the Huron-Clinton
oust its CIO affiliates. Parkway committee, in a University
oust is CIObroadcast yesterday.
,r 0 Resolutions urging that public own-
Sership be effected have been sent to
Aid For*ChineseImayors, chambers of commerce and
park board chairman of all cities
concerned, including Ann Arbor, he
Donations to be used for relieving revealed.
distress among the civilian population "River front is natural park area,"
in China will be accepted by the, Mr. Curtis said last night in explain-
Washtenaw County chapter of the ing his radio statement. "Through-
American Red Cross, it was an- out the nation cities are taking it over
nounced yesterday. and using it for recreational purposes
The appeal for funds, which was -for pools, skating rinks and play-
suggested by President Roosevelt, isI grounds. Also ,of course, the land is
part of a nation-wide drive for aid. muh more hautiful when it is useI

1 fine hn rlool a-t-a l

t
7
I
C
t

the memoers oI me eoara of ege n
It is at present located in the Trick More disturbed cases will be sent to
Buisding atpreentcoraedofN.tUniver- Ann Arbor to be examined in the psy-
Building, at the corner of N. chiatric clinic to be established here,
sity and State St for which a psychiatrist is being se-
Its functions, according to Profes- lected by Prof. Raymond W. Wag-
sor Carr, are five-fold. First of all, it goner, director of the department of
will conduct research in the field of psychiatry and a member of the ex-
child delinquency. Publicity and in- ecutive committee of the Institute.
formation dealing with child delin- Professor Carr will be relieved of

His other six suggestions are to add
to the river scenery by teaching school
children the river's early history; pro-
vide a parkway along the peaks be-
side the valey and beautify the bluffs
with winding trails, reforested areas
and beautifying structures.
Banks of the river, Mr. Curtis be-
lieves, should be cleared of dumps
and offensive structures. Pollution of
the water should stop and erosion into
the river should be halted if possible.
rhe stream itself should be beautified
by cleaning up the bed and planting
lagoons and marshy borders with
water flowers.
Can nan, nnc. 1ri fnnfh' a 4in

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