Fair weather in most sections
followed by light rain tonight.
The Pitt Panther ...
Aid For The Needy .. .
VOL. XLVIII. No. 14 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, OCT. 12, 1937
PRICE FIVE CENTS
81 Less Than
Total In 1936
Council President Advises
investigation To Uncover
Cause Of LessPledging
Of Pledges Is 12
Michigan's fraternities finished
rushing last night, as 494 men, 81'
less than last year's total, were form-
ally pledged to 40 houses.
Of this number, 46 are residents
in Allen-Rumsey House, and will be
required to eat all their meals in the
Pledge classes range in number
from one to 26, with the average
class numbering 12.
Seven hundred persons registered
with the Interfraternity Concil for
rushing this year, and an effort will
be made to determine why all of
these did not pledge, Bud Lundahl,
'38, president of the Interfraternity
Council, said yesterday. a
An effort also wil be made, accord-
ing to Lundahl, to determine why
fewer persons signed up for rushing
this year than last, and why fewer
were pledged. Last year, 730 signed
up, and 575 were pledged.
Following are the pledges:
Acacia: Raymond Denny, John
Durr, Thomas Finlayson, Ansel Hos-
mer, Jr., Douglas Jeffery, William
Leeder, Douglas Lyttle, John Paup
and Robert Shier.
Alpha Delta Phi: Richard Ahl-
heim, William Beebe, George Chris-
tianson, Arthur Cline, Rhodes Copi-
thorn, William Cushing, Holden
Drury, William Everard, Robert
Hook, Adam Kreuter, David Ladd,
Owen Lillie, Edward Mancourt, Stan-
ley Moore, William Murbach, Robert
Sadler, Theodore Shands, J. Blake
Thaxter, George Vial, Gordon Ware
and Roger Yepson.
Alpha Kappa Lambda: Austin
Beebe, A. Jerome Fink, Raymond
Frederick, Edward Galbraith, Donald
Hodgins, Donald Lipp, Cameron
Meredith and John Webber.
Alpha Sigma Phi: Keith Bronson,
John Cooper, David Dehm, Harry
Dvorak, Frank Feely, Robert Flora,
George Ganuere, William Hall,
James Hauser, Walter Hobert, Jr.,
George Sherman, Leonard West,
George Stockbridge Whitman, James
Wilkie, Willard Anthony and Lester
Alpha Tau Omega: James Briney
Thomas Colbridge, Robert Gabriel,
Hamlin Greene, Fred Guertler, Wil-
liam Harrman, George Hill, Harry
Kirby, Don Metz, Eugene Morze,
George Petrouleas, Edward Purman,
Kenneth Simpson, Amos Smith, Fred-
erick Smith, Baird Thomas, Paul
Wheeler , Robert Wood, Arthur Hot-
ler, Richard Wade, Tom Courtney,
Melvin Lang and Charles Rosenberg.
Beta Theta Pi: James Allen,
Charles Barrett, Edward Barrett,
Charles Boynton, Robert Bush, Frank
Cavan, Samual Comfort, Robert
(Continued on Page 2)1
New $10,000 Arthritis Clinic
Rapidly Nearing Completion Here
Research Is Made Possible
By Grant From Horace
H. Rackham Foundation
By ROBERT E. FRYER
Plans for the new arthritis clinic,
made possible by an annual grant
from the Horace H. Rackham Fund
for the purpose of intensive research
into the cause and cure of this hith-
erto little studied disease, are rapidly
nearing completion, Dr. Richard H.
Freyberg of the department of inter-
nal medicine and director of the new
clinic, said yesterday.
Ten thousand dollars has been
granted by the Rackham Fund an-
nually for several years for the study
of arthritis to be conducted in the
medical school and University Hos-
pital. A special committee has been
named by Dean A. C. Furstenberg of
the medical school to set up plans
for the research studies and to super-
vise the work of the expenditure of
Included on the committee are Dr.
Cyrus C. Sturgis, professor of med-
icine and director of the department
of internal medicine, chairman; Dr.
Carl Badgley, professor of surgery;
and Dr. Harley H. Haines, director of
the Hospital. Dr. Freyberg has been
appointed by this committee to di-
rect the research studies.
In order to ascertain the scope of
study in this disease being done
throughout the country Dr. Freyberg
has recently toured several of the
institutions where studies in arthritis
are now being carried on.
"It is important," Dr. Freyberg
pointed out, "that we know exactly
Of North China
Neutral Military Observers
Say Last Chinese Defense
Line Has Been Broken
PEIPING, Oct. 11--fP)-The Jap-
anese Army's conquest of the five
provinces of North China tonight ap-
peared to be near completion.
In Peiping the capture of Shihchi-
achuang, vital railway junction 175
miles south of Peiping, was hailed by
Japanese as the beginning of the end.
Neutral military men were inclined
to endorse the Japanese opinion that
the last effective Chinese defense line
in North China had been broken.
Shihchiachunang was the last im-
portant center of resistance in Hopeh.
Its fall appeared to open the way as
far as the Yellow River, 250 miles to
It brought the Japanese legions to
the railway penetrating Shansi Prov-
ince, and opened the "front door" of
that rich area.
The consensus of informed persons
here was that in the three months of
its North China campaign the Jap-
anese army had either captured or
advanced to within striking distance
of the capitalshand nerve centers
of the five northern provinces-Ho-
peh, Chahar, Suiyuan, Shansi and
Conference Is Predicted
WASHINGTON Oct 11--(A)-
what is being done by others in order'
that we may avoid any overlapping of:
research work and experimentation.
It would be a shame to waste effort in
reproducing work that has already
been accomplished when so much
yet remains to be done."
Arthritis is now recognized as one
(Continued on Page 6)
Retains Court Post
HUGO L. BLACKt
Moves To Oustd
Kelly And Levitt Proposalsr
D e n i e d Consideration; t
New Suits Threatened e
WASHINGTON, Oct. 11.-(A)-The
Supreme Court today brushed asidet
two suits challenging the right oft
Justice Hugo L. Black to sit upon thee
nation's highest tribunal.C
It refused to consider ouster ac-C
tions proposed by Albert Levitt andI
Patrick Henry Kelly, attorneys, whoI
contended Black is constitutionally
ineligible for the office. Chief Jus-
tice Hughes announced that neither
had sufficient interest in the case to
justify instituting the proceedings.
The battle to unseat Black was not
ended, however. Levitt declared im-
mediately that other courses of ac-
tion were open to him and that he
would make use of one, or another, of
them. Kdlly brusquely accused thel
court of evading the issue.
Justice Black listened solemnly
from the bench while the Chief Jus-
tice made the following announce-
ment concerning Levitt's motion:
"The grounds of this motion areb
that the appointment of Mr. JusticeV
Black by the President and the con-
firmation thereof by the Senate of
the United States were null and voide
by reason of his ineligibility undert
article one, section six, clause two of
theConstitution of the United States,L
and because there was no vacancy
for which an appointment could law-
fully be made.1
"The motion papers disclose no in-t
teresthupon thetpart of te petition-T
er other than that of a citizen andc
a member of the bar of this court.t
That is insufficient.It is an estab-
lished principle that to entitle a pri-
vate individual to invoke the judicial1
power to determine the validity of
executive or legislative action het
must show that he has sustained or<
is immediately in danger of sustaining
a direct injury as the result of thatf
action and it is not sufficient that
he has merely a general interest com-
mon to all members of the public.I
To Meet CIO
Officials of the International Radio
Corporation agreed yesterday to meet1
a bargaining committee of their em-
ployes at 5 p.m. today to discuss rein-
statement of 10 men who walked out
of the plant last Tuesday, according
to representatives of the United Elec-
trical, Radio and Machine Workers of"
America, Local 744 affiliated with!
Three Union organizers conferred]
yesterday with C. A. Verschoor, pres-
ident ,and R. John Bradfield, vice-
president of the Radio Corporation,
who agreed to meet a committee
from the Union to discuss specifically
the reinstatement of the men who
were reported to have left the plant
because of "unsatisfactory wages,"
Union spokesmen said.
When contacted last night, Mr.
Bradfield said that representatives
of his company would meet today
with "a group of emploves" to talk
AFL Committee ThreatensI
To Oppose Candidates
Favoring Rival Union
Group May Expel1
CIO If Peace Fail
DENVER, Oct. 11.-(uP)-The
American Federation of Labor ap-
pealed to the rank and file of the CIOE
today to overthrow its "power greedy"1
leadership and return to the AFL,t
but empowered the Federation's ex-e
ecutive council at the same time toe
expel the John L. Lewis Unions as a
By an overwhelming vote the AFLl
convention approved a resolutions'
committee report giving the executive
c'ouncil power to expel the suspended
CIO unions. The same report held
the door to peace open with a pro-
vision that a battle to exterminate
the CIO be delayed until all peace
In the report the committee also
warned political leaders that the
AFL's political strength hereafter
would be used to oppose any candi-
date for public office, "who would in
any way favor, encourage or support
It called upon both politicians and
employers "to decide whether to sub-
mit themselves to the evils of a dic-
tatorship which is no less repugnant
because it springs from greedy lead-
ers of labor who have foresaken their
Usually well-informed sources said
the door to peace was left open for
the present because the AFL leaders
expected the International Ladies'
Garment Workers, one of the largest
CIO affiliates, soon to desert John L.
Lewis' camp and to return to -the
Ends As Ford
Bennett Tells Kansas City.
Star Plant Will Remain
Shut Until Settlement
KANSAS CITY, Oct. 1l.-(P)-The
big Ford Motor Company plant here
was closed down indefinitely tonight
in what the United Automobile Work-
ers of America called a lockout and
the Ford Company said was a shut-
down to await settlement of inter-,
Harry Bennett, Ford personnel di
rector, told the Kansas City Star by
telephone from his home in Ypsilanti,
Mich., that "The plant will remain
closed down until the employes and
the 'other people' at Kansas City de-
cide tohsettle the thingand stop
standing around outside the plant
like a lot of kids."
"We have nothing to do with this
trouble," he said. "The matter is not
one which is up to us in any way."~
He said later the shutdown result-
ed from a "squabble" between "the
CIO" and "some other union."
The new labor dispute at the plant
which was the scene of a 31-hour
sit-down strike last April, was dis-
closed with orders to a maintenance
crew not to report for work tomorrow.
Plant officials told the maintenance
men the shutdown would be "indefi-
LANSFORD, Pa., Oct. 11.-UP)-
The 38 miners who ended a sit-down
strike 1,300 feet beneath the surface
in the Coaldale colliery tonight emer-
ged at 11 :20 for their first breath of
fresh air in almost a week.
The men were greeted by loud,
cheers from a crowd estimated at
several thousand as they walked out
of the mouth of the mine, supported
by relatives and friends.
They were hurried into private cars
lined up at the mine entrance and
were rushed to their homes.
2 Guards Slashed
By Prison Inmate
JACKSON, Oct. 11.-(P)-A negro
inmate slashed two guards of the
state prison of Southern Michigan
today and Deputy Warden James L.
Ryan said tonight the convict will be
charged with felonious assault.
11 Duce's Men
Dramatic Move Believed
Result Of Understanding
With Hitler To Aid Japan
Cold To Parley Plea
ROME, Oct. 11. -(AP) - Reliable
sources tonight disclosed Premier
Mussolini has ordered Italian avia-
tion experts aiding the Chinese gov-
ernment to quit now that China is
engaged in a bitter conflict with
This dramatic move was said to be
part of an understanding reached
with Adolf Hitler, on Il Duce's re-
cent Berlin visit, to support Japan
in her struggle with China.
An order for the large Italian
military mission to return home was
reported to have been issued imme-
diately after Mussolini's return from
Offers No Encouragement
LONDON, Oct. 11.-(P)-Premier'
Mussolini today gave no encourage-
ment to the efforts of France and
Britain to make him promise to keep
hands off Spain.
British and French officials active-
ly sought a new plan to bring Italy
to the conference table to discuss
withdrawal of foreign volunteers
from the Spanish civil war, but Il,
Duce remained aloof.
Authoritative circles in Rome in-
dicated little fear that France would
open her Spanish frontier to let sup-
plies reach the Spanish government.
They believed such a move would
bring such serious danger of Euro-
pean war as to make France and
Britain wish to avoid it.
Rome also paid little heed to otker
suggestions for ameliorating the
crisis, such as that emanating from
Paris for an Anglo-French occupa-
tion of the Spanish Balearic Islands.
Experts of the French foreign of-
fice were known to have put for-
ward the idea that the Balearics, ly-
ing athwart France's route to North
Africa and Britain's highway to
India, might be occupied by an An-
glo-French force to "nullify" alleged
The Spanish Insurgents, whom
Italy supports,hold the most impor-
tant of the islands and there have
been frequent charges of Italian ac-
The French suggestion, however,
aroused little support in the British
The further suggestion that Italy
be invited to join such an occupa-
tion likewise appeared likely to re-
ceive a cold shoulder in Rome. Pri-
vately, authorities there said the idea
was to remove Italy from a dominant
role as master of the Balearics.
They didnot believe Italy would
accede to any plea that the three
powers should "save the islands for
the eventual government of Spain."
Prime Minister Neville Chamber-
lain and his ministers seemed equally
hesitant to bring non-intervention in
the Spanish war to a quick end by
opening the French frontier and lift-
ing the ban on arms shipments to
the Spanish government.
Groups To Hold
Engineering college student groups
will begin this year's activities today
and tomorrow with the first meeting
of Quarterdeck, Sigma Rho Tau and
the American Society of Mechanical
Three hundred engineering college
students are expected to attend Sigma
Rho Tau's, national honorary engin-
eering college society, smoker at 7:30
p.m. today in Room 321 of the Union.
The purpose of the meeting, Prof.
Robert D. Brackett of the engineering
college,-faculty adviser of the group,
said, is to acquaint new students with
the functions of the society.
Prof. F. N. Menefee of the engin-
eering college, formerly. national
president, and Prof. James H. Cissel
of the engineering college will talk
before the society. Professor Brackett
emphasized that the smoker is for
upperclassmen and freshmen.
Cider, doughnuts and a speech by
the recently appointed Dean H. C.
OGDEN L. MILLS
Ooden L. Mills
Dies Of Heart Attack
Of G.O.P. Right
Stricken At Home;
Doctor At Bedside
NEW YORK, Oct. 11.-(A)-Ogden
L. Mills, an aloof aristocrat of-Ameri-
can politics and one of the last great
leaders of the once powerful Republi-
can old guard, died today of a heart
He was stricken suddenly-only
three days ago he had played a vig-
orous golf game with friends-in the
old red brick and brownstone Mills
townhouse that in itself is a symbol
of a way of living that is passing.
Closely Follows Mellon
His death occurred just two and a
half months after that of his pre-
decessor as "Secretary of the Treasury,
Andrew W. Mellon.
With him was Mrs. Mills and the
family physician, Dr. Henry James.
He was only 53, young in the light.
of a long and brilliant national ca-
reer. Unquestionably he had been
one of the great hopes of the party's
conservative wing that he had helped
so long to guide and direct.
An hour after his death became
known, the street outside the door
was filled with limousines, as weep-.
ing friends came to call at the gloomy
The funeral arrangements had not
Resembles Former Secretary
Mills had many political mentors,
but save for President Hoover him-
self the most powerful was Andrew
Mellon. They were in some respects
strangely parallel men. Both were
possessors of great wealth; each had
a great flair for finance, each was an
unquestioning advocate of political
conservatism; and each moved in an
air of great person reserve, although
the younger-Mills-was as ableas
the next man in political rough and
tumble when it seemed necessary.
Band Makes Hit
At Purple Tilt;
To Hold Benefit
Michigan's Varsity Band, formerly
known as the "fighting hundred" but
recently increased to 125, gathered
whatever glory Coaches Kipke and
Anderson missed Saturday at Evans-
ton, according to the reception the
spectators gave it.
Sports announcer Ted Husing,
broadcasting the Michigan-North-
western game, devoted nearly the en-
tire time between halves to the band,
saying that it was "the best march-
ing band I have ever seen."
In the pre-game program, after
marching in to the tune of the "Vic-
tors," led by three drum majors, the
band formed a compass with an ar-
row pointing northwest and played
"Go U Northwestern."
Between halves, serenading North-
western's stands, the band proceded
to form a huge pipe to the tunes of
"Smoke Dreams" and "Smoke Gets
In Your Eyes." After this swing ses-
sion, a bubble poured forth from the
pipe as the band played "I'm For-
ever Blowing Bubbles." Finally the
bubble burst into the initials "N.U."
enclosed in a huge square. This fig-
ure expanded into a block "M," to
the tune of the "Yellow and the Blue."
Report Firing Squads Are
Q u e 11 i n g Secessionist
Attempts On Frontiers
Russia Sets Dec. 12
For Secret Election
MOSCOW, Oct. 11.--(P)--The So-
viet purge of "traitors" brought the
downfall today of the head of the
eleventh and last republic, compos-
ing the Soviet Union to have its
president removed from office.
It was disclosed that shots from
firing squads are snuffing out sep-
aratist (secession) movements along
the Soviet Union's western and east-
Removal of Useyn Rakhmanoff,
premier of Azerbaijan, oil and cotton
region bordering the Caspian Sea,
was announced today in a newspaper
published at Baku; its capital.
In Karelia, on the Finnish border;
in Ukrane, which lies beside Poland
and is believed to be coveted by Ger-
many; in Tadjikistan, Kazakhstan,
and Uzbekistan on the Asiatic front,
officials from presidents and premiers
down have been removed.
Whether they secretly have been
tried and executed, exiled or merely
imprisoner has not been disclosed. At
least one, Panas P. Liubchenko, pre-
mier of Ukrane, committed suicide
rather than face the fate that ap-
parently awaited him.
Izvestia, the Government's news-
paper, had accused him of plotting to
sell out the Ukraine to the Germans.
Poles and Japanese. Finland also
has been accused of being an "enemy
Large-scale cleanups in other fron-
tier provinces, from Crimea to Asiatic
Bashkiria and Turkmenistan, have
been disclosed. Leaders of a suspect-
ed peasant revolt in Georgia and the
Caucasus were tried and shot. Chiefs
of the Buryat-Mongolia Republic
were accused of fomenting pan-Mon-
Article 17 of the new Constitution
says that "to every union republic is
reserved the right freely to secede
from the U.S.S.R.," but officials see
no anomaly in the drive to stamp
out tendencies in that direction which
would "dismember the socialist fath-
Is Worst Fault
Scores Stereotyped 'Line'
And Overdressed Women
Superficiality is the most undesir-
able characteristic of a large state
university located in a small town,
Prof. Howard McCluskey of the
School of Education told the Congre-
gational Young People's Society Sun-
Evidence of this superficiality is
the overdressed women students and
the stereotyped "line," he said, point-
ing out that loneliness is very preva-
lent on the campus even among those
who seem to have many acquaint-
ances. Friendships and acquaint-
ances are far from the same thing,
Another disadvantage in the pres-
ent system at large institutions is the
stratification of the student body
into cliques, Professor McCluskey
said. Although it is not now as bad
as it used to be, money, fraternities
and sororities and kindred qualifica-
tions do abolish complete democracy
among the student body to some ex-
tent, he stated.
On the other hand a number of.
advantages are found on a campus
of this kind-a campus like Mich-
igan, the speaker stated. The atmo-
sphere is cosmopolitan--in Ann Arbor
more cosmopolitan than at any other
state university. An unlimited op-
portunity of meeting interesting peo-
ple, especially foreign students, is of-
fered and by far the best chance of
life to meet more and better mem-
bers of the opposite sex is exper-
ienced. Professor McCluskey stated.
____ __________ -There were unofficial predictions to-
daythat Brussels will be selectedas
Reserve Unit the place for a nine-power treaty
conference to deal with the Sino-Jap-
Nam es Cadet No public confirmation of this
came, however, from conferences in
which President Roosevelt canvassed
Officers Here the international situation.
The President talked over foreign
affairs generally, including Amer-
55 ROTC Appointments ican participation in the nine-power
2 parley, with Sumner Welles, under-
List 12 Cadet-Captains, secretary of state, and William Phil-
28 First Lieutenants lips. American Ambassador to Italy.
_______There' was no indication afterward'
Appointment of 55 students as as to what if any decisions were
Appontmnt f 55stuent asreached. Talk persisted in some quar-
cadet-officers in the Reserve Officers ters, however, that the Chief Execu-
Training Corps unit here was an- tive may devote part of his radio
nounced yesterday by Major R. E. broadcast tomorrow night to a fur-
Hardy of the military science de- ther discussion of United States co-
partment. operation with other nations in an
The list includes 12 cadet captains, effort to restore peace to the world.
28 cadet first lieutenants and 15
cadet 2nd lieutenants. They aAe ef-
fective immediately. The Cadet Cap- Alumin m Strikes
tains are W. B. Archer,'38; R. G. At-
kinson, '38E; E. J. Carpenter, '38; J.
E. Cornelius, '38; R. S. Hawley, Jr.,
'38; K. Kelly, '38; T. G. Manos, '38E: DETROIT, Oct. 11.-(UP) - Sit-
C. L. Nelson; R. A. Pommerening. down strikes involving 3,500 employes
'38; F. A. Weber, '39; J, G. Young, in seven plants of the Bohn Alum-
'38E; and R. S. Young, '38E. inum & Brass Corp. ended abruptly
The Cadet First Lieutenants named today with a truce between corpora-
are B. A. Campbell; C. H. Clement, tion and the United Automobile
.Tr '3R- W. T. Comer. '3R- .T E .Workers Union.