TH E MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, MAY 27, 1938
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Published every morning c cept Monday during the
University year and Summer Session,
Member of the Associed Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered-at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
-$4.00; by mail, $4.50.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1937-38
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Board of Editors'
Managing Editor . , Robert D. Mitchell
Editorial Director , . Albert P. Mayio
City Editor . . . . Horace W. Gilmore
Associate Editor . Robert I. Fitzhenry
Associate Editor .. . . Saul R. Kleiman
Associate Editor... . . . .obert Perlman
Associate Editor . . . . . . William Elvin
Associate Editor ... ... Joseph Freedman
Associate Editor . . . . . . Earl Gilman
Book Editor . . . . . . Joseph Gies
Women's Editor . . . . . Dorothea Staebler
Sports Editor.... . . . Bud Benjamin
Business Manager . . . Philip W. Buchen
Credit Manager .g. . Leonard P.LSiegelman
Advertising Manager. . William L. Newnan
Women's Business Manager Helen Jean Dean
Women's Service Manager .. Marian A. Baxter
NIGHT EDITOR: NORMAN A. SCHORR
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
It is important for society to avoid the
neglect of adults, but positively dangerous
for it to thwart the ambition of youth to
reform the world. Only the schools which
act on this belief are educational institu-
tions in the best meaning of the term.
Alexander G. Ruthven.
To Youth . .
N A STATEiJMENT made in an ad-
dress before a large group of Mich-.
igan alumni this year, President Ruthven stated
his faith in the youth of the nation. It is in-
teresting to find the same point of view cor-
roborated in a recent book by a brilliant Eng-
lish writer, Launcelot T. Hogben. This book is
called "The Retreat From Reason" and has been
widely discussed among American students of
modern social and economic problems. Among
other things, Hogben says that youth in this
rapidly changing world can no longer place the
same amount of guidance upon the wisdom of
its elders as was previously the case.
Hogben says, "The educational system of west-
ern civilization grew with no prescience of the
gargantuan resources which natural science
would place at our disposal for better or worse.
Judged by the demands which modern social or-
ganization makes upon their knowledge, the most
expensive products of this system are uneducated
men. Democracy is becoming a farce because
the expensively uneducated classes from which
Capital and Labor alike attract their intellectual
leaders and administrators are increasingly at
the mercy of technical experts, whose own train-
ing involves no recognition of their social respon-
"At first sight there is therefore much to jus-
tify the feeling that education is a fraud, and
that any solution of present difficulties must
be left to leaders with supposedly exceptional
gifts. The Retreat from Reason is the penalty
we are paying for an inherent dichotomy in the
way we educate people. The training of the
statesman and the man of letters gives him
no prevision of the technical forces which are
shaping the society in which he lives. The edu-
cation of the scientist and technician leaves him
indifferent to the social consequences of his own
activities. Hence it is nobody's business to take
stock of the resources of knowledge now available
for social betterment, and the rising generation
cannot hope for intelligent leadership from their
elders. If we are to arrest the Retreat from Rea-
son, we have to devise an education which is not
a fraud-an education which will give us repre-
sentatives who can cooperate intelligently with
technical experts in constructive social enter-
prise and teach us how to choose them."
This article carries a challenge to youth. It is
a challenge that cannot be accepted without also
accepting the responsibilities to became ac-
quainted with ;these problems that are creating
disorder, poverty, unrest, and inequality in our
life today and to strive to make a better social
nw luMrelvrt ostar th t i.it i in to youth
A Buck-Fifty Well-Spent
To the Editor:
I read Mr. Kiell's theatre column yesterday
morning with the hope that he might aid me
in deciding whether I should spend my week-end
-buck fifty-at the north or south end of the
League. This is what I faced:
"If at one moment it was intellectual leg-
erdemain, -as in the heaven of Liliom's prim-
itive theology, a heaven ruled by mundane
powers; or, if at another moment, it was
blatant chicanery, as when just after Liliom
was pronounced dead and the condolences
come, as if in a cataclysmic downfall . .."
Is Mr. Kiell trying to impress his grandmother,
his high schodl English teacher, or did he just
have an oversized hamburger in his mouth when
he wrote that piece? After wading through Mr.
Kiell's mawkishness, I decided that perhaps he
was looking for a means of escaping the use
of that familiar epithet "it stinks." I decided
to see the play that night to determine what
there was about it that should give anybody such
Molnar's play turned out to be a novel and in-
teresting experience. LILIOM is a blending of
naturalism and fantasy, humor and pathos.
'And it was obvious that only a master craftsman
could obtain a solid dramatic structure with such
a varied plan.
In spite of the fact that the heavy hand of the
director slowed up the play's action and caused
an occasional dripping of over-sentimentality,
the natural charm of the play and the satisfac-
tory ensemble acting made the play well worth
attending. Miss Rebecca Tarwater, as Julie,
gave a beautiful and sen'sitive performance. And
though Tonio Selwart's Liliom reminded me
more of an obstinate bad boy rather than a
hard boiled guy with a sensitive soul, it was an
-Richard Mason Atkinson.
In Re: Mexican Oil
To the Editor:
The action of the Student Senate Tuesday
night in condemning the appointment of Robert
D. Mitchell as managing editor of the Daily
for next year was based upon the charge that
Mr. Mitchell, upon the basis of merit, did not
deserve the post.
There has been no reply in the Daily to this
charge of Mr. Mitchell's incompetency by the
Board in Control of Student Publications.
But Mr. Mitchell himself has answered the
charges sufficiently in his editorial on the Cedillo
revolt in Mexico, which appeared in Wednesday's
Daily along with the report of the Senate.
Mr. Mitchell, in this editorial, added evidence
to the charges that he is incompetent. The edi-
torial is an outrageous example of distortion of
facts almost comparable to the methods of the
In his editorial Mr. Mitchell said:
"The oil expropriations of the President of
Mexico have put that policy (the United States'
"good will" policy) to a good test. To date in
the face of apparent British efforts to force the
United States' hand toward pressure on Mexico
... the Administration has indicated no strong
reprisal against Mexico ... "
No strong reprisal? Well, that depends upon
what you mean by "strong."
On April 1, the Treasury department termi-
nated the silver purchasing agreement between
the United States and Mexico and the United
States stopped its monthly purchases of 5,000,000
ounces of silver. Was this a "strong" reprisal?
Of course, as the files of the Mexican paper Ex-
celsior in the library show, the announcement of
the Treasury Department's decision on March
27 (right after the expropriations) threw Mex-
ico into a severe financial panic. The New York
Times could have told Mr. Mitchell, had he
looked, that the -Mexican peso began to drop
immediately and that even two days later March
29, "the Mexican peso . . . continued to fall in
The stoppage of the silver purchases made
necessary the levying of a heavy internal loan
in 'Mexico, shattering the economic and finan-
cial structure of the country so that it has just
recently approached stability. Thus there is no
doubt that the American action was "strong."
In fact, it was the strongest reprisal next to
armed intervention the Mexican press felt.
Was it a reprisal? Well, what's in a term? Mr.
Mitchell may say that the United States gov-
ernment merely exercised its right to remove a
"favor" which it has bestowed upon Mexico by
buying its silver. No one would deny that. If
the United States had ceased its purchases be-
cause it could not afford to continue them, the
stoppage would not be a reprisal.
But the Treasury Department stopped the pur-
chase of silver immediately after the Mexican
government expropriated the American oil prop-
erties. The State Department has not denied
that the action was dictated as a result of
According to the New York Times of March
30, on the previous day Rep. Jerry Voorhis of
California said the suspension of silver purchases
from Mexico "amounted to a cancellation of the
'good neighbor' policy. Rep. Jerry O'Connell of
Montana said that the Administration was trying
to "pull the oil monopoly's chestnuts out of the
The final touch to proving that the U.S. move
was arenrisal is given when we read in the same
Henry Curran, New York's deputy mayor, is
making a brave but probably hopeless fight
against the use of "contact" as a verb. Tech-
nically, he is correct, but the emotional tides
are against him. Indeed, I fear that his tactics
are wrong and that he should build up rather
than tear down.
It is hideously improper
for one advertising man to
say to another, "All right; J .
K., it's understood, then,
that I shall try to contact
X. Q. a his earliest con-
venience." But what is the
poor fellow to say? Some
word is necessary. "I'll try
to see X.Q.," doesn't fill the
bill at all. Nor does, "I will seek to meet him."
And "meet up with him" lacks elegance.
The missing word must suggest something
more than a mere hand wave from one great
mind to another. The man who is about to "con-
tact" another undertakes a mission. The enter-
prise is an adventure freighted not only with
significance but possibly with actual danger.
I seem to see two strong men of the bulldog
breed sitting in a smoke-filled room arranging
the destiny of some advertising empire. Al-
though they have come together upon the
strength of a word ineptly chosen, they are col-
\laborating upon a search for the mot juste. Be-
fore the conference has ended they must agree
mutually upon some noun or adjective which will
break down sales resistance and make the en-
tire nation tooth-powder conscious.
The Magic Formula
Naturally, the man who seeks to contact X. Q.
does not come empty-handed. It seems to him
that he is the bearer of the magic formula.
He certainly does not' enter the great man's
sanctum with any ideas of losing. But X. Q. is a
hard man, and he chews upon his black cigar
and murmurs, "I wonder."
Hours, and even days, may elapse while the
two sit and puff for inspiration. No sound is
to be heard but the ticking of the clock and the
clocking of master minds. Then suddenly as if
shot from a gun, one of the negotiators leaps
to his feet and cries, "Eureka!" The contact has
been made and the contract is signed forthwith
upon the dotted line.
One can readily understand that' "to meet" is
an expression far too feeble to express adequate-
ly the spirit of such a dedicated assignment. The
smoke-filled room gives me an idea for a newly
minted word which could cover the situation.
The man who seeks to contact the other prin-
cipal has the same responsibility as the messen-
ger made famous by Elbert Hubbard, and so I
suggest that the original statement might well
be amended to read, "All right, J. K., it's under-
stood, then, that I shall try to Garciaize X. Q.
at his earliest convenience." But after that has
been won and "to contact" has disappeared from
the American language I wish that Henry Cur-
ran would undertake another crusade.
* * * *
I would have him seek to bar "termites" ex-
cept as a reference to small insects which eat
the woodwork of one's home. The most recent
available figures show that 79.869 per cent of
all political orators use "termites" one or more
times in each address in describing oppopents
whom they do not like. And the word is always
flung out as if it were a brand new discovery
upon the part of the orator of the evening.
As a matter of fact, the word was never very
apt, even when first introduced. This was
pointed out by a friend of mine who is fair-
minded. The other day he went into a clothes
closet and dropped through the floor down into
the cellar. He was surprised and shaken, but
when his wife began to abuse in no unmeasured
terms the wee creatures which had caused the
catastrophe he held up his hand to stay her
"Don't abuse the termites," he said in muf-
fled tones from beneath the floor beams. "I'm
sure they have nothing personally against me.
They merely happen to like my lumber." And
before he went to the telephone to summon
the exterminator he added, "Live and let live
is what I always say."
To the Editor:
The venture of the local administration into
the realm of "what thou shalt not read" is a
most wholesome exercise of legislative power by
the city fathers. Not only is there no doubt as
to ,the legal power so to act, but the wisdom of
the exercise is unimpeachable.
But one criticism, and that a constructive one,
arises. Why stop at "Hot Lips" and "Hollywood
Revels?" Certainly these publications are pikers
with respect to their sphere of influence. First
of all, however, let me posit my principles. To
borrow from Shakespeare, I believe, "There's
nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes
it so." But, wait, even our master dramatist must
have been a scurrilous sort of fellow. One has
only to read the titles of some of his writings:
"Anythony and Cleopatra." O tempora! O mores!
What terrible innuendos are contained in that
most suggestive title. "Love's Labour Lost" is an-
other, equally flagrant. And then too, we have
"A Midsummer Night's Dream." Why even the
least imaginative dullard can conjure many un-
printable associations with that title.
Would that I could revive that bedeviled crea-
The Free Press
"We do not believe that the press
or the public has yet begun to be
sufficiently aware of the importance
of the future development of the
press and the need for watching it."
Thus Political and Economic Plan-
ning, a group of independent investi-..
gators known as "P.E.P." in thet
searching "Report on the British
Press" which has recently been added
to their valuable series of publica-
tions. They are writing of the press c
as it is developing within a democ-
It is a matter of vital concern to a
democracy that the services rendered
by newspapers should be efficient.,
varied and honest. But the mechan-
ism is infinitely complex. It depends
upon th employment of vast capital,
upon a complicated machinery forZ
manufacture and distribution, uponr
an elaborate technique of news col-
lecting and presentdtion, upon jour-a
nalistic traditions, upon the initiative
of individuals, and upon the judg-
ment of its directors.
It renders an essential public serv-
ice, but also makes profits, some- S
times colossal profits. It can help to d
make or unmake governments, antd
may determine the issue of peace or
war. It is constantly subject to this$
influence or that, but in the naturet
of the case, it must not be uaduly
coerced unless democracy itself is to $
be abandoned and freedom abolished.
The freedom of the press is the a
sine qua non of its proper function- I
ing. Yet its freedom may be abused,
may indeed become a public nuisance,
leading to demands for restraint.
"P.E.P." discusses the question of'
Government influence on and even
control of the press. It dismisses as l
improbable any attempt on the part Y
of the State in Britain to own ori
control newspapers. But it recognies
that certain abuses in the press might
have such an effect on public opinion P
that it would favor sonie type of in- c
tervention to stop the abuses. i
"P.E.P." draws .attention to the a
fact that the British Press as a whole, f
while providing continuous news serv-
ice from several European capitals,
gives most inadequate attention to
vital news from the United States;
while it is constantly preaching the
importance of Anglo-American co- t
operation, it fails to provide its read-
ers with that continuous account of V
American life and events which is 2
essential to true understanding.
There is no short road to the quick
reform of the press. While the press
helps to form public opinion, pubjic i
opinion itself will in the long rn de-
termine the character of the pre ,s.
"P.E.P." is right in saying that the v
press should be watched.. To support a
the right kind of journal, to discoun-
tenance the wrong kind, is to play
one's part in contributing to a soun--
Christian Science Monitor. a
Honorary and professional organi-
zations on the University campus
might profit highly from the advice
parceled out at a recent meeting of8
the National Association of Deans of,
Men in Madison, Wis. At that meet-f
ing, Dean Joseph A. Park of Ohio ,
State University condemned high ini-
tiation fees charged by most orgari- r
in his discussion, Dean Park point-e
ed out that some groups charge as
much as $50 'for initiation. The com-
mittee reporting on such fees at the
convention handed down the follow-
ing decree: "Any society in any field
charging more than $15 initiation fee
will have to demonstrate an unusual
return to the student before beingc
endorsed by the committee."E
Indiana University long has been
the home of many organizations of
questionable worth. In October, 1935,1
Phi Delta Gamma, honorary jouml-
istic, debating and dramatic frater-
nity, recognized its morbidity andj
disbanded. When it was announcedj
that this group would disband, Dean
C. E. Edmondson made the follow-1
ing comment: "Every organization
to be justified must'do some construc-
tive work . . . Undoubtedly there are
other organizations on the campus
that are not .justified."
Too many local societies fall into
the category attacked by Dean Park.
It largely is this group whose initia-
tion fees exceed those of the organi-
zations who actually are doing work
that is contributing to the general
welfare of the student body and the
A small but efficient group of hon-
orary and professional fraternities,
with reasonable initiation fees, could
do far more for their members and
the University than is accomplishedJ
under -the present setup. In addition
to this, the honor rightly attached
to membership would be enhanced
greatly since only those students
qualified for such recognition would
Indiana Daily Student.
Birth Control Literature
(Continued from Page 2)s
the following Civil Service Examina- e
United States Civil Service: I
Principal Poultry Husbandman, N
$5,600 a year; Bureau of Animal In-
dustry, Department of Agriculture.
Senior Veterinarian (Poultry Path-
ology), $4,600 a year;
Veterinarian (Poultry Pathology), D
$3,800 a year; 1
Associate Veterinarian (Poultry i
Pathology), $3,200 a year; o
Assistant Veterinarian (Poultry I
Pathology), $2,800 a year; Bureau of c
Animal Industry, Iepartment of Ag- S
Senior Geneticist (Poultry), $4,600
Geneticist (Poultry), $3800 a year;
Associate Geneticist (Poultry), $3,-
200 a year;S
Assistant Geneticist (Poultry), $2,- 0
00 a year; Bureau of Animal In- S
dustry, Department of Agriculture. s
Michigan Civil Service: r
Game Refuge Superintendent I, S
$160 per month less partial main- i
nstitution Dental Hygienist B,
$55 per month and full maintenance.
For further information, please callA
at the office, 201 Mason Hall. Office s
Hours:B9-12 and 2-4.
Bureau of Appointment N
And Occupational Informa-N
Student Loans. Applications forJ
oans for the summer session or thev
ear 1938-39 should be made at once
n the Office of the Dean of Students
Applications for Membership in the
Rochdale Cooperative House for the
noming Summer Session are now be- li
ng accepted. Application blanks are e
vailable at Dean Olmstead's office, d
doom 2, University Hall, and at the P
Rochdale House, 640 Oxford Road. i
English 184, The Development of
he English Novel (Prof. L. A.
Strauss). The class will not meet on
Wednesday and Friday, May 25 and t
Fine Arts 182, "History of Archi-E
Lecture in Islamic Countries." Final P
xamination, Wednesday, June 8, 2-5. T
Geology 11 make-up examinationsf
will be given on this Friday, May 27, B
it 11 a.m. in N.S. Auditorium. They
will be given at no other time.
Geology 12 make-up examinations lc
will be given on this Friday, May 27, P
At 9 a~m. in N.S. Auditorium. They A
will be given at no other time. v
Candidates for Master's Degree in
Psychology: The comprehensive ex- t
amination will be given Saturday, m
May 28, 2-5, in 3126 Natural Science.7
School of Music, Examinations in.
1. Examinations will be held in all t
grades and in all fields of applied
music in accordance with schedules l
for individual (or class) appoint- i
ments which will be announced later. f
2. Conflicts in examination appoint-
ments for applied music with class
course examinations must be report-
ed before June 3 to the office of the
Applications For Graduation
1. All prospective graduates in Au-
gust 1938 or February 1939, must file N
a REVISED a'pplication with the Mu- a
sical Director before Saturday, May i
28. This application for degree (B.M.
or M.M.) must show in the "complet-
ed column" all work including the
elections for the current semester andn
in the "to be completed column," pro- h
posed elections for the Summer Ses-
sion and/or the first semester. Signa-
tures of departmental representatives0
must be obtained before the blank is,
2. Assignments for examinations in
this category will be made only if the
REVISED blank has been filed. No
further examinations will be given fort
February or for August graduation.
for students in residence this semes-
ter. Students in applied music must
submit the tentative graduation pro-
gram, the complete repertory to date,1
and must be prepared to play or sing
for the jury, requested portions of
the tentative program.
Applications For Candidacy In A
Department Of Concentration
1. All students who will have com-
pleted approximately 60 hours of,
credit at the end of this semester'
must file with the Musical Director
before Saturday, May 28, an applica-
tion for admission to candidacy in a
department of concentration. (Piano,
Voice, Violin, Organ, etc., Theory,
FNfusic Literature and Music Educa-
tion). The application should show
the work completed including that for
the current semester. In the column
"to be completed," the student should
enter in pencil, his understanding of
the requirements yet to be taken.
2. Approval of candidacy will be
registered by the department con-
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
University. Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President
until 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.
singing will be held at other times
than those announced for individual
examinations in applied music.
4. Application bmanks for candidacy
may be obtained at the office of the
Graduation Recital. William R.
Dawes, student of Professor Arthur
Hackett, will give a recital of songs
n partial fulfillment for the degree
f Master of Music, Friday evening,
May 27, at 8:15 o'clock, in the School
Af Music Auditorium on Maynard
Street. The general public, with the
:ception of small children, is invited.
Exhibition, College of Architecture:
Student work from member schools
if the Association of Collegiate
Schools of Architecture is being
hown in the third floor exhibition
oom. Open daily, 9 to 5, except
Sunday, until May 31. The public
s cordially invited.
Exhibition, College of Architeture:
An exhibition of articles in silver,
old, enamel and semi-precious
'tones, for ecclesiastical and general
ise, designed and executed by Arthur
Nevill Kirk, is shown in the pier clases
t either side of the Library entrance,
econd floor corridor. Open daily
:00 to 5:00, except Sunday, until
une 1. The public is cordially in-
The Hopwood Lecture will be de-
vered in the ballroom of the Wom-
n's League at 4:00 o'clock Wednes-
ay afternoon, June 1, by Mr. Walter
richard Eaton. Immediately follow-
ng the lecture announcement will be
ade of the Hopwood Awards for this
Aeronautical Engineers: The trip
o Buffalo, sponsored by the Institute
f the Aeronautical Sciences, will
tart from the front door of the East
engineering Building, at 3:00 -p.m.,
'riday, May 27. The Curtis-Wright
lant in Buffalo will be inspected.
Prose who have not yet signed up
or the trip should do so immediately.
=lease be at the East Engineering
Building promptly at 3:00 p.m.
Suomi Club: There will be a meet-
ng on Friday, May 27, 1938 at 8:00
.m. at Lane Hall in the Upper Room.
klI Finnish students are cordially in-
ited to attend.
Stalker Hall. The last session of
he class -in "Through the Old TestaL-
nent" will be held Friday night at
:30 p.m. Dr. Brashares is the leader.
At 9:OQ o'clock a group will leave
talker Hall to go to the Island for a
,veinie roast. Call 6881 for reserva-
The Congregational Student Fel-
owship will hold a party with danc-
ng, games, and refreshments tonight,
rom 9 till 1. Everyone is invited to
oin in this final social event of the
Sphinx will hold its annual alumni
picnic-social on Saturday, May 28.
M'eet in front of the Alpha Delt house
at 2:30 p.m. Please bring own drink-
Roger Williams Guild: The annual
Spring Retreat will be held at Whit-
more Lake Saturday and Sunday,
May 28 and 29. Meet at the Guild
House at 2 p.m., Saturday. If pos-
sible, bring blankets and luggage
over by 11 a.m. If you have not al-
ready done so, call 7332 before Fri-
day noon to make reservations.
Make reservations for the Congre-
gational Student Fellowship picnic
this Sunday, by Saturday afternoon,
by calling 21679.
The Christian Student Prayer
Group will hold its last meeting of
this semester at 5 p.m. Sunday, May
29, in the Michigan League. The
room will be announced on the bulle-
AlI'Freshman: Don't forget the pic-
nic this Saturday at the Island. Meet
on the Library steps at 2 p.m. There
will be baseball games, races, and
refreshments for everyone. Come and
meet your classmates.
Riding Test: Any woman student
wishing to take this test is asked to
sign at Barbour Gymnasium, office
15. The test will be given at the
following hours: Monday and Wed-
nesday, 2:30 p.m.
Tuesday and Thursday 3:20 p.m.
until June 2nd. Students will meet
at Barbour Gymnasium at the time